No data available that match "Volition"



*  DailyTech - Game Developer Volition Still Sees Value in PC Titles Despite Piracy

Software Game Developer Volition Still Sees Value in PC Titles Despite Piracy. Tiffany Kaiser - March 20, 2011 3:34 PM. ... Some people say PC is the future," said Eric Barker, studio manager of video game developer Volition. "PC is the most variable ... Barker is talking about the PC versions of Volition's "Saints Row: The Third" and "Red Faction: Armageddon," which are both due ...
dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=21166&commentid=665233&threshhold=1&red=747

*  Volition to Restart | Teen Poem About self-esteem, death/loss and bullying

Report Abuse Home , All Poetry , Volition to Restart Volition to Restart By Cookiequeen, Trinity, FL ... Her one volition would be to restart.. To govern, to destroy, to rule, to start.. If she can't escape, revolt will impend.. ... Her one volition would be to restart.. Her fading valor has fallen apart.. Facing her home, she can only pretend.. Cruel ... Her one volition would be to restart.. False smiles and wicked eyes fail to depart.. Prisoners in both mind and heart descend. ...
teenink.com/poetry/all/article/960553/Volition-to-Restart/

*  Michael Mero, 2 West 4th St., Bootblack, 12 years of age, working one year of own volition. Don't smoke. Out after 11 P.M. on...

Michael Mero, 2 West 4th St., Bootblack, 12 years of age, working one year of own volition. Don't smoke. Out after 11 P.M. on ...
loc.gov/pictures/item/ncl2004001222/PP/marc/

*  Conlang: R: Re: Degrees of volition in active languages (was Re:Chevraqis: a sketch) (Mangiat, Aug 14 '00, 11:17)

R: Re: Degrees of volition in active languages (was Re:Chevraqis: a sketch). From:. Mangiat ,mangiat@...,. ...
archives.conlang.info/jhau/beirba/shuaqhiadein.html

*  History of Volition

Game Informer have put up an hour long documentary on the history of Volition, the developers that got their start making ... History of Volition. By Dominus Leave a Comment Categories: design, interview, making of, trivia and video Tags: Descent, ... Game Informer have put up an hour long documentary on the history of Volition, the developers that got their start making ... 0 Responses to "History of Volition". Feed for this Entry Trackback Address ...
https://gmzzz.wordpress.com/2011/04/04/history-of-volition/

*  News - Kotaku

You may know Volition as the developers behind the Saints Row and Red Faction games. But its history is actually a lot longer, ... Volition, the studio developing the series, has now been reassigned to Guillermo del Toro's inSane game project, a survival ... Developer Volition explains how the three games before led up to next month's Red Faction: Armageddon. ... but if you're like me and have enjoyed most of the stuff that's come out of Volition over the years, they're a great watch. ...
store.steampowered.com/news/?feed=kotaku&appids=20530,20500,20550,55115,55110&appgroupname=Red Faction Collection&enddate=1388563200

*  Deep in the Woods | Variety

She tries fleeing his mental grasp but keeps coming back, either because he exerts a fresh mind pull or of her own volition. ...
variety.com/2010/film/reviews/deep-in-the-woods-1117943299/

*  60' Black 3 Keg 3 Tap Beer Dispenser Kegerator Beverage Air DD58HC-1-B

59' Black 2 Keg Beer Dispenser w/ 2 Tap Towers , Volition VDD59. $1,862.00 ...
rapidswholesale.com/beverage-air-keg-beer-dispenser-cooling-system.html

*  Red Faction on Steam

Developed by Volition, Inc. Red Faction, Volition, Geo-Mod, THQ and their respective logos are trademarks and/or registered ... Developer: Volition, Inc. Publisher: THQ Nordic Release Date: Sep 18, 2001. Visit the website View update history Read related ...
store.steampowered.com/app/20530/

*  Everyday Zen :: Abhidharma - 5 Skandas (Talk 3 of 3)

Volition, Consciousness -using Chogyam Trungpa's book 'Glimpses of Abhidharma' ... Volition and Consciousness. By Zoketsu Norman Fischer , Apr 20, 2005. In topic: Buddhist Psychology. Third in a Study of the ... So this is the whole realm of volition, desire, action, and so on. Taking the world into our own hands and beginning to make ... In fact, many of the samskaras, many of the emotions and impulses and volitions that arise in us are positive, virtuous factors ...
everydayzen.org/teachings/2005/abhidharma-5-skandas-talk-3-3?sort=name&itemLimit=10&author=Zoketsu

*  Volition (2) all the albums and all the songs you can not to listen free online or download an album or song in mp3

All songs and all albums Volition (2) You can listen for information on the site. Download the album or mp3 must not, watch videos Volition (2). All video clips of all the songs are here.
mootube.ru/iddebhia/Volition-2

*  Book Broads: Volition by Lee Strauss Blog Tour

Volition wasn't as good as Perception to me. It isn't a terrible book at all, just the dreaded filler book! No, not so bad as that, but it is the book with a lot of interaction, not action, between the characters. The book that is building up for the next book which hopefully has big bangs and whams. Grandfather Vanderveen has been elected president and his first act is to build up a cyborg army (remember Jackson grafting metal to himself at the end of book 1?) to counteract the supposed Chinese cyborg army. President Vanderveen uses fear tactics to sway the public to his way of thinking. Once again Ms. Strauss explores opposing sides and their agenda. With Perception it was religion and science. This time its politics...enough said...we all know how differing opinions on how something should be done can lead to all out war. Noah and Zoe's relationship is on hold, both of them struggling to find the right path to follow. I think Noah has it hardest because he has given up his life, left his ...
bookbroads.blogspot.com/2013/04/volition-by-lee-strauss-blog-tour.html

*  Volition (UK) - Volition (Demo) 2007

If you are the legitimate owner of any of the albums posted here you can send me an email and report the uploaded file. I will then remove it asap. Our intention is not to support illegal downloading, but to support these bands by presenting them to a certain audience ...
blackmetalvndergrovnd.blogspot.com/2008/09/volition-uk-volition-demo-2007.html

*  Volition Backsplash for 27' Undercounter Units

Buy the Volition Backsplash for 27' Undercounter Units at Rapids Wholesale, foodservice experts since 1936. Qualifying orders ship free!
rapidswholesale.com/volition-backsplash-for-1-door-undercounter-units.html

*  papel-blog: that's the only dmb song i ever listened to of my own volition

Unrelated to anything awesome, but something I've been meaning to discuss: I missed the beginning of last Saturday's loss to Texas (I was making cupcakes, a very important task), so I was completely shocked on Sunday when I flipped past NESN's re-air to see the AMAZINGLY CONFUSING songvid of Tavarez clips set to "Heaven Must Be Missing An Angel." I mean, I'm weirdly into the Julian Tavarez-as-starter era (he's really funny out there and he fields the ball like crazy, which is something I enjoy watching a pitcher do), but really? An "angel"? Julian Tavarez looks like something out of a Stephen King novel, that is an indisputable fact and I don't actually believe in angels, but I'm pretty sure the popular iconography would support my claim that they do not look like Tavarez ...
papelblog.blogspot.com/2007/04/thats-only-dmb-song-i-ever-listened-to.html

*  Conlang: R: Re: Degrees of volition in active languages (wasRe:Chevraqis: asketch) (Thomas R. Wier, Aug 13 '00, 20:24)

True. But analogies based on Shakespeare shouldn't be taken too far. He had no qualms at all about bending English syntax to fit the needs of meter at times. There's this one truly wretched line in _Much ado about Nothing_ during the trial scene where the Judge goes 'What heard you him say else?' Agggg! No wonder Pepys thought so lowly of him. ====================================== Tom Wier , 'Cogito ergo sum, sed credo ergo ero ...
archives.conlang.info/zu/virqha/goelkhiadein.html

*  Conlang: Degrees of volition in active languages (wasRe:Chevraqis:asketch) (J Matthew Pearson, Aug 13 '00, 21:01)

J Matthew Pearson wrote: , , a different series of articles is used with proper names: , , , , Malagasy: , , , , ny boky 'the book' , , i Noro 'Noro' , , Would i Boky mean 'The Book', especially as part of a title (like, 'i , Boky [of Job]' for The Book of Job ...
archives.conlang.info/dau/tachei/bhueqhiadein.html

*  Acts of Volition

I wanted to clarify for myself why it is that I don't use Facebook or (for the most part) Twitter. Brace yourself for self-justification and equivocation.. First caveat: I actually do have a Twitter account (@sgarrity), but I don't post anything (sort of, more on this later). I use it to follow people.. I don't dislike Twitter or Facebook. They are both amazing systems. They both took blogging and messaging and made them way easier on a massive scale. As a professional web designer and developer, I respect the craft with which both Facebook and Twitter have built their platforms. I regularly rely on open-source projects that both companies produce and finance (thanks!).. Messaging and communication are too important to be controlled by a private corporation. For all of their faults, our phone or text messaging services allow portability. If I have a problem with my phone company, I can take my phone number with me to another company. I can talk to someone regardless of what phone company they ...
actsofvolition.com

*  Full Sail - Volition Visit

We spent the first part of the talk going over topics like our backgrounds in the industry and even how we came to enter the Gaming Industry to begin with. We then opened the floor for a lot of student questions which really dug into how we focused our energies in creating the game. We spoke for nearly two hours before we got the sign to wrap things up ...
jamesondurall.blogspot.com/2011/06/full-sail-volition-visit.html

*  Volition | Japanese Nail Art, DIY Decoden and Cell Phone Cases

We thank you for visiting our website from Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. For all visitors, we are pleased to offer the first 10 clients a 15% off coupon, good on any of our products that are currently available online at store (www.blingup.net ...
blingup.com/volition/

*  Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

CHAP. I. SERVICEABLE ASSOCIATED HABITS. 37 \ ^ 'i ' and blowing the nose are completely under our com- ;v; \ mand. \ When we are conscious of the presence of an irritating particle in our nostrils or windpipe that is, when the , same sensory nerve-cells are excited, as in the case of sneezing and coughing we can voluntarily expel the particle by forcibly driving air through these passages; ;* hut we cannot do this with nearly the same force, * ; " rapidity, and precision, as by a reflex action. In this ^ \ latter case the sensory nerve-cells apparently excite ; t the motor nerve-cells without any waste of power by first communicating with the cerebral hemispheres the , * seat of our consciousness and volition. In all cases ' i ^ there seems to exist a profound antagonism between the , *..; same movements, as directed by the will and by a reflex ' - stimulant, in the force with which they are performed and in the facility with which they are excited. As ;'; Claude Bernard asserts, " ...
archive.org/stream/TheExpressionOfTheEmotionsInManAndAnimals/TXT/00000042.txt

*  Thomas Szasz, Psychiatrist Who Disputed Existence of Mental Illness, Dies at 92 - disinformation

Definitions of cancer most certainly have expanded and changed.". Oh my gosh. Yes, they've changed, as we learn more and as we learn there are different kinds of cancer. But 50 years from now cancer will still be considered a disease. You can't definitively say that for any of the mental illnesses. "Many aliments throughout the body have the ability to manifest as behavior changes.". Yes, but causation has been established in such cases. Tourette's being a perfect example. Again, so many years ago it was identified in the DSM as a "mental illness." As we learned that actual physical processes in the brain directly caused the behavior (through interacting with the nervous system), that affliction was redefined to a neurological condition and has been treated as such. "To believe that by using the word 'behavior' you are setting aside actions of an individual that are solely guided by their volition is dangerous territory. Behavior can radically be altered when the organism in not in ...
disinfo.com/2012/09/thomas-szasz-psychiatrist-who-disputed-existence-of-mental-illness-dies-at-92/

*  The Superphysics of the Great War - by Bhagavan Das - Adyar Pamphlets No. 63

The teacher is lord of the Brahma-loka and can give entrance into it, love and service of the father leads to Prajâpati's heaven, of the guest to Indra's, of the sacrificing priest to the Devas', of the sisters and the daughters to the region of the apsaras, of kinsfolk to that of the Vaishvadevas, of relatives by marriage to the world of (Varuna, the lord of the) waters, of the mother and the maternal uncle to this earth, and of the aged, the feeble and the sick to the regions of Âkâsa (ruled by the Sun)". That is to say, as Spirit has for co-efficient Matter, and soul finds expression in body, generally, so, more particularly, special moods of mind manifest in special modes of matter, perception in the afferent nerves and the sensories, volition in the afferent ones and the muscles, emotion in the ganglia and the glands, and again, by further subdivision, [Page 34] vision in the eyeball, audition in the ear, and so forth; and as different individual tastes and temperaments, even here on ...
hpb.narod.ru/SuperphysicsGreatWarBD.html

*  Alexander Schmorell: a Witness in Dark Times - Jim and Nancy Forest

Everywhere and at all times demons have been lurking in the dark, waiting for the moment when man is weak, when of his own volition he leaves his place in the order of Creation as founded for him by God in freedom, when he yields to the force of evil, separates himself from the powers of a higher order, and after voluntarily taking the first step, he is driven on to the next and the next at a furiously accelerating rate.. "Everywhere and at all times of greatest trial men have appeared, prophets and saints who cherished their freedom, who preached the One God and who with His help brought the people to a reversal of their downward course. Man is free, to be sure, but without the true God he is defenseless against the principle of evil. He is a like rudderless ship, at the mercy of the storm, an infant without his mother, a cloud dissolving into thin air.". In the summer of 1942, Hans Scholl, Schmorell and another soon-to-be White Rose member, Willi Graf, were sent as medics to the Russian ...
jimandnancyforest.com/2011/02/alexander-schmorell-a-witness-in-dark-times/

*  After Nature: February 2012

Suppose a blind guess "comes true" (as we say); the question remains, was the guess true when made? X has done A, but it need not follow that he "was going to do it all along" (from the time of utterance). Note that "is going" (to do it) is the present progressive tense of the verb "to go", just as "I will do it" in the volitional sense means, I am even now resolved upon the deed. These linguistic hints can, I believe, be taken seriously. "X will do A" in the strict meaning (as will be seen presently, we often speak more loosely) implies, "X's doing of A is already determined or settled upon", or "there is no longer another possibility for X at time t than doing A", or "all the real possibilities allowed by the present causal conditions include X's doing of A". Thus there is a formal analogy to volition, provided a present decision is taken as irrevocable, invincible. "X will not do A" means, if intended in the strictest sense, "none of the now causally open possibilities ...
afterxnature.blogspot.com/2012_02_01_archive.html

*  Bipolar disorder what??! - NUTS ABOUT MELONS

With questions and suppositions I collect books to read the positions of those with ambitions and ammunition against the current volitions of those earning commissions extinguishing souls missions.. So many words that ring true in my mind and resonate with the knowing of my heart. Where to start?. I don't know, I don't know. It feels like information overload.. Why is this information not reconstructing the paradigm of the nation?. Why do not people know? My head could explode! Doh! It's all about the dough. ...
nutsaboutmelons.org/index.php/2015/06/02/bipolar-disorder-what/

*  Swine flu cases nearly double

The total number of reported H1N1 virus cases at Yale nearly doubled this week to 55 cases, Yale University Health Services Director Paul Genecin said Wednesday evening.. The rate at which students are reporting swine flu-like symptoms is dramatically increasing as well. On Tuesday, YUHS received reports of 20 new cases of probable swine flu - a five-fold increase in the reported cases per day that health services had been receiving prior to Labor Day, Genecin said.. The 55 cases reported as of Wednesday are, more likely than not, a conservative measure of the swine flu outbreak, as they represent only students who have contacted YUHS of their own volition. In many cases, students may be reluctant to report their symptoms to YUHS, since the prospect of self-quarantine is unappealing, Genecin said.. In general, individuals who call YUHS with symptoms of swine flu are advised not to come to YUHS and are no longer tested for the disease. The University is sticking to its policy of telling those ...
yaledailynews.com/blog/2009/09/10/swine-flu-cases-nearly-double/

*  Philosophical Dictionary: Four Terms-Fuzzy Logic

The human capacity to act (or not to act) as we choose or prefer, without any external compulsion or restraint. Freedom in this sense is usually regarded as a presupposition of moral responsibility: the actions for which I may be praised or blamed, rewarded or punished, are just those which I perform freely. The further question of whether choice the volition or will to act is itself free or subject to ordinary causality raises the issue of determinism in human conduct. But most modern philosophers have held that (internal) determination of the will by desire or impulse does not diminish the relevant sense of moral responsibility. ...
philosophypages.com/dy/f9.htm

*  Hardness of Heart

Why do some chiropractors continually reject our philosophy, constantly having negative volition (TSC) or outright animus despite our efforts? It is usually a result of or due to locked in arrogance, thinking of themselves as superior to, greater than, the innate intelligence of the body.. ...
chiropracticoutsidethebox.com/2017/08/06/hardness-of-heart/

No data available that match "Volition"



(1/389) The effects of posteroventral pallidotomy on the preparation and execution of voluntary hand and arm movements in Parkinson's disease.

We studied the effect of posteroventral pallidotomy on movement preparation and execution in 27 parkinsonian patients using various motor tasks. Patients were evaluated after overnight withdrawal of medication before and 3 months after unilateral pallidotomy. Surgery had no effect on initiation time in unwarned simple and choice reaction time tasks, whereas movement time measured during the same tasks was improved for the contralesional hand. Movement times also improved for isometric and isotonic ballistic movements. In contrast, repetitive, distal and fine movements measured in finger-tapping and pegboard tasks were not improved after pallidotomy. Preparatory processes were investigated using both behavioural and electrophysiological measures. A precued choice reaction time task suggested an enhancement of motor preparation for the contralesional hand. Similarly, movement-related cortical potentials showed an increase in the slope of the late component (NS2) when the patients performed joystick movements with the contralesional hand. However, no significant change was found for the early component (NS1) or when the patient moved the ipsilesional hand. The amplitude of the long-latency stretch reflex of the contralesional hand decreased after surgery. In summary, the data suggest that pallidotomy improved mainly the later stages of movement preparation and the execution of proximal movements with the contralesional limb. These results provide detailed quantitative data on the impact of posteroventral pallidotomy on previously described measures of upper limb akinesia in Parkinson's disease.  (+info)

(2/389) Impairment of willed actions and use of advance information for movement preparation in schizophrenia.

OBJECTIVES: To assess willed actions in patients with schizophrenia using reaction time (RT) tasks that differ in the degree to which they involve volitionally controlled versus stimulus driven responses. METHODS: Ten patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 13 normal controls of comparable age were tested. Subjects performed a visual simple RT (SRT), an uncued four choice reaction time (CRT), and a fully cued four choice RT task. A stimulus 1(S1)-stimulus 2(S2) paradigm was used. The warning signal/precue (S1) preceded the imperative stimulus (S2) by either 0 (no warning signal or precue) 200, 800, 1600, or 3200 ms. RESULTS: The patients with schizophrenia had significantly slower RTs and movement times than normal subjects across all RT tasks. The unwarned SRT trials were significantly faster than the uncued CRT trials for both groups. For both groups, fully cued CRTs were significantly faster than the uncued CRTs. However, the S1-S2 interval had a differential effect on CRTs in the two groups. For the normal subjects fully cued CRTs and SRTs were equivalent when S1-S2 intervals were 800 ms or longer. A similar pattern of effects was not seen in the patients with schizophrenia, for whom the fully cued CRT were unexpectedly equivalent to SRT for the 200 ms interval and expectedly for the 1600 ms S1-S2 interval, but not the 3200 or 800 ms intervals. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with schizophrenia were able to use advance information inherent in SRT or provided by the precue in fully cued CRT to speed up RT relative to uncued CRT. However, in the latter task, in which the volitional demands of preprogramming are higher since a different response has to be prepared on each trial, patients showed some unusual and inconsistent interval effects suggesting instability of attentional set. It is possible that future studies using RT tasks with higher volitional demands in patients with predominance of negative signs may disclose greater deficits in willed action in schizophrenia.  (+info)

(3/389) Voluntary movement after pallidotomy in severe Parkinson's disease.

The mechanisms of improvement in parkinsonian bradykinesia after posteroventral pallidotomy were investigated in 17 patients undergoing unilateral pallidotomy for severe Parkinson's disease. Clinical ratings of 'off' period bradykinesia demonstrated a maximal improvement of 22% 3 months postoperatively. Kinematic assessments of rapid repetitive finger and sequential arm movements were performed after overnight withdrawal of antiparkinsonian medications. There was a bilateral reduction in the inter-onset latency of a two-stage sequential arm movement and a contralateral increase in speed of arm movement after pallidotomy. There was no significant improvement postoperatively in the rhythm, amplitude or speed of repetitive finger movements. The results confirm the clinical impression that pallidotomy improves bradykinesia. This was more evident for complex limb movements, which used attentional strategies and external (visual and auditory) cues, than for repetitive fingertapping movements, which were largely internally generated. Since ablation of the pallidum can only reduce inhibitory pallidal outflow, it is unlikely to restore the normal pallidal influence on thalamocortical motor circuits. Therefore, any improvement in bradykinesia after pallidotomy must be related to mechanisms other than restoration of pallidothalamocortical connectivity. Based on the above observations, we suggest that some of the changes in motor control may be explained by the greater efficacy of external cues in facilitating movement after withdrawal of the abnormal pallidal discharge.  (+info)

(4/389) Cognitive motor control in human pre-supplementary motor area studied by subdural recording of discrimination/selection-related potentials.

To clarify the functional role of human pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) in 'cognitive' motor control as compared with other non-primary motor cortices (SMA-proper and lateral premotor areas) and prefrontal area, we recorded epicortical field potentials by using subdural electrodes in five epileptic patients during presurgical evaluation, whose pre-SMA, SMA-proper, prefrontal and lateral premotor areas were defined by electric cortical stimulation and recent anatomical orientations according to the bicommissural plane and callosal grid system. An S1-Go/NoGo choice and delayed reaction task (S1-choice paradigm) and a warned choice Go/NoGo reaction task (S2-choice paradigm) with inter-stimulus intervals of 2 s were employed. The results showed (i) transient potentials with onset and peak latencies of about 200 and 600 ms, respectively, after S1 in the S1-choice paradigm mainly at pre-SMA and to a lesser degree at the prefrontal and lateral premotor areas, but not in the S2-choice paradigm. At SMA-proper, a similar but much smaller potential was seen after S1 in both S1- and S2-choice paradigms and (ii) slow sustained potentials between S1 and S2 in both S1- and S2-choice paradigms in all of the non-primary motor areas investigated (pre-SMA, SMA-proper and lateral premotor areas) and prefrontal area. It is concluded that pre-SMA plays a more important role in cognitive motor control which involves sensory discrimination and decision making or motor selection for the action after stimuli, whereas SMA-proper is one of the main generators of Bereitschaftspotential preceding self-paced, voluntary movements. In the more general anticipation of and attention to the forthcoming stimuli, non-primary motor cortices including pre-SMA, SMA-proper and lateral premotor area, and the prefrontal area are commonly involved.  (+info)

(5/389) Cortical activation during human volitional swallowing: an event-related fMRI study.

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides a safe, noninvasive method for studying task-related cortical neuronal activity. Because the cerebral cortex is strongly implicated in the control of human swallowing, we sought to identify its functional neuroanatomy using fMRI. In 10 healthy volunteers, a swallow event-related paradigm was performed by injecting 5 ml water bolus into the oral cavity every 30 s. Whole brain functional magnetic susceptibility -weighted spiral imaging data were simultaneously acquired over 600 s on a 1.5-T magnetic resonance scanner, utilizing the blood oxygenation level-dependent technique, and correlation maps were generated using both >99% percentile rank and spatial extent thresholding. We observed areas of increased signal change consistently in caudal sensorimotor cortex, anterior insula, premotor cortex, frontal operculum, anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex, anterolateral and posterior parietal cortex, and precuneus and superiomedial temporal cortex. Less consistent activations were also seen in posterior cingulate cortex and putamen and caudate nuclei. Activations were bilateral, but almost every region, particularly the premotor, insular, and frontal opercular cortices, displayed lateralization to one or the other hemisphere. Swallow-related cortical activity is multidimensional, recruiting brain areas implicated in processing motor, sensory, and attention/affective aspects of the task.  (+info)

(6/389) "Task-oriented" exercise improves hamstring strength and spastic reflexes in chronic stroke patients.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite the belief that after cerebral infarction only limited functional gains are possible beyond the subacute period, we tested the hypothesis that a 12-week program of "task-oriented" treadmill exercise would increase muscle strength and decrease spastic reflexes in chronic hemiparetic patients. METHODS: Fourteen subjects, aged 66+/-3 (mean+/-SEM) years, with residual gait deviations due to remote stroke (>6 months), underwent repeated measures of reflexive and volitional (concentric and eccentric) torque with use of isokinetic dynamometry on the hamstring musculature bilaterally. Torque output was measured at 4 angular velocities (30(o), 60(o), 90(o), and 120(o)/s). RESULTS: After 3 months of 3 times/wk low-intensity aerobic exercise, there were significant main effects (2 legs [P<0.01]x2 times [P<0. 01]x4 angular velocities [P<0.05]) for concentric torque production. Torque/time production in the concentric mode also improved significantly in the paretic (50%, P<0.01) and nonparetic hamstrings (31%, P<0.01). Eccentric torque/time production increased by 21% (P<0.01) and 22% (P<0.01) in the paretic and nonparetic hamstrings, respectively. Passive (reflexive) torque/time generation in the paretic hamstrings decreased by 11% (P<0.027). Reflexive torque/time was unchanged in the nonparetic hamstrings (P=0.45). CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that progressive treadmill aerobic exercise training improves volitional torque and torque/time generation and reduces reflexive torque/time production in the hemiparetic limb. Strength changes associated with improved functional mobility in chronic hemiparetic stroke survivors after treadmill training will be reported in future articles.  (+info)

(7/389) The neural correlates of 'deaf-hearing' in man: conscious sensory awareness enabled by attentional modulation.

Attentional modulation of normal sensory processing has a two-fold impact on human brain activity: activation of a network of localized brain regions is associated with paying attention, and activation of specific sensory regions is enhanced relative to passive stimulation. The mechanisms underlying attentional modulation of perception in patients with lesions of sensory cortices are less well understood. Here we report a unique patient suffering from extensive bilateral destruction of the auditory cortices (including the primary auditory fields) who demonstrated conscious perception of the onset and offset of sounds only when selectively attending to the auditory modality. This is the first description of such an attentively modulated 'deaf-hearing' phenomenon and its neural correlates, using H(2)(15)O-PET. Increases in cerebral blood flow associated with conscious awareness of sound that was achieved by listening attentively (compared with identical auditory stimulation presented when the patient was inattentive) were found bilaterally in the lateral (pre)frontal cortices, the spared middle temporal cortices and the cerebellar hemispheres. We conclude that conscious awareness of sounds may be achieved in the absence of the primary auditory cortex, and that selective, 'top-down' attention, associated with prefrontal systems, exerts a crucial modulatory effect on auditory perception within the remaining auditory system.  (+info)

(8/389) Modulation of H reflex of pretibial muscles and reciprocal Ia inhibition of soleus muscle during voluntary teeth clenching in humans.

A previous study has demonstrated that the soleus H reflex is facilitated in association with voluntary teeth clenching in proportion with biting force in humans. The present study tried to elucidate the functional significance of this facilitation of the soleus H reflex, by examining 1) whether the facilitation of the H reflex is reciprocal or nonreciprocal between the ankle extensors and flexors and 2) whether the reciprocal Ia inhibition of crural muscles is facilitated or depressed in association with voluntary teeth clenching. The H reflex of the pretibial muscles was evoked by stimulation of the common peroneal nerve in seven healthy subjects with no oral dysfunction. The pretibial H reflex was facilitated in association with voluntary teeth clenching in a force-dependent manner. The facilitation started preceding the onset of electromyographic activity of the masseter muscle. Stimulation of the common peroneal nerve at low intensities subthreshold for evoking the M wave of the pretibial muscles inhibited the soleus H reflex after a short latency corresponding with a disynaptic inhibition, indicating that the reciprocal Ia inhibition was depressed in association with voluntary teeth clenching. Thus, the present study has shown that voluntary teeth clenching evokes a nonreciprocal facilitation of ankle extensor and flexor muscles and attenuated reciprocal Ia inhibition from the pretibial muscles to the soleus muscle. It is concluded that voluntary teeth clenching contributes to improve stability of stance rather than smoothness of movements.  (+info)



Faction


  • Game Informer have put up an hour long documentary on the history of Volition , the developers that got their start making Descent, and then went on to make Freespace 1 & 2, Red Faction and its sequels, and most recently the Saints Row games. (wordpress.com)

studio


  • Some people say PC is the future," said Eric Barker, studio manager of video game developer Volition . (dailytech.com)
  • Volition, the studio developing the series, has now been reassigned to Guillermo del Toro's inSane game project, a survival horror game. (steampowered.com)