VietnamVietnam Conflict: A conflict occurring from 1954 through 1975 within the Republic of Vietnam. It involved neighboring nations and the United States and other members of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.Defoliants, Chemical: Herbicides that remove leaves from trees and growing plants. They may be either organic or inorganic. Several of the more persistent types have been used in military operations and many are toxic. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid: An herbicide with strong irritant properties. Use of this compound on rice fields, orchards, sugarcane, rangeland, and other noncrop sites was terminated by the EPA in 1985. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Amputation, Traumatic: Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid: An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Combat Disorders: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.

*  Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, Ho Chi Minh City - Wikipedia
Coordinates: 10°48′18″N 106°39′40″E / 10.80500°N 106.66111°E / 10.80500; 106.66111 The Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, ... The museum tells the history of the Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) in the Second Indochina War and the Cambodian-Vietnamese ... Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, Ho Chi Minh City. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... Outside is a static park with aircraft of the VPAF and the Republic of Vietnam Air Force. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_People
*  Practical info Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Practical information about Ho Chi Minh City airport, visa and health care information, the weather, public transport and the local currency.
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Vietnam from April 7-18, 2008. The ORBIS program contributed to the efforts of Ho Chi Minh City Eye Hospital in fighting ... Vietnam from April 7-18, 2008. The ORBIS program contributed to the efforts of Ho Chi Minh City Eye Hospital in fighting ... Vietnam from April 7-18, 2008. The ORBIS program contributed to the efforts of Ho Chi Minh City Eye Hospital in fighting ...
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*  Difference between revisions of "Can Tho" - Wikitravel
... in Vietnam with an estimated population of 1,5 million as of 2012. The name comes from 'cầm thi giang' - river of poems. It is ... 1968 by forces of the People's Army of Vietnam against South Vietnam. In Vietnamese, the offensive is called Tết Mậu Thân (Tet ... Can Tho (or Cantho; Vietnamese: Cần Thơ) is the biggest city of the Mekong Delta, in Vietnam with an estimated population of 1, ... Kim Lan Hotel (hotel with 24 hour reception), 138 Nguyen An Ninh St, Can Tho, Vietnam. checkin: 2pm; checkout: 11am. Staff is ...
  https://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Can_Tho&diff=1965346&oldid=1965345
*  Hanoi to Saigon: One month in Vietnam - Wikitravel
The only political party in Vietnam is the Communist Party. Vietnam has a 5% return rate on tourists visiting the country - a ... There is a sizable Chinese population living in Vietnam. Buddhism is the major religion. Tet is Vietnam's biggest holiday, kind ... Its official name is 'The Socialist Republic of Vietnam'. Vietnam has been invaded and colonized many times throughout history ... Americans and Australians will receive little overt animosity in Vietnam despite the Vietnam War. ...
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*  Vaccinations for Vietnam - Volunteer Abroad | Cosmic Volunteers
Volunteer Vietnam. Children's Homeless Shelter. Teaching Children. Teaching Buddhist Monks. Rehabilitation Care Center. Ho Chi ... Vietnam does not require any vaccinations for entry.. However we recommend that at least two months before departure for ... Hepatitis A Hepatitis: You can get hepatitis A through contaminated food or water in Vietnam, regardless of where you are ... Typhoid: You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Vietnam. CDC recommends this vaccine for most travelers, ...
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*  Ho Chi Minh City inspectors flag high proportion of Chinese fruit | Society | Thanh Nien Daily
Thanh Nien is the tribune of Vietnam's Youth Association. Publication permit No. 14/GP-BC, granted by Press Department, Vietnam ... More chemical-laden Chinese fruits found in Vietnam. Many tangerines, pears and apples imported from China to Ho Chi Minh City ... Dr Mai said Vietnam's ability to control fruit safety is still limited, so consumers need to protect themselves by switching ... Hydropower dam tunnel collapses in central Vietnam flash floods, many missing. Uncooperative woman stays in car, towed to ...
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*  Caesarean Section Births in Ho Chi Minh City
How does Vietnam stack up??. Although Vietnam's economy is growing by around 7.5% a year, it is not industrialized like America ... The always horribly written and taken-with-a-grain-of-salt newspaper, the Vietnam News, wrote last year that in Vietnam "In ... I'm not talking about all of Vietnam here. The 40% number is a government figure for all of Vietnam, but the 80% is my straw ... "Tort Law" exists in Vietnam, but like most law in Vietnam (and I assume China) is severly dictated by the communist party. In ...
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*  Avian Flu Diary: Vietnam Discovers Passengers Beating Thermal Scanners
Vietnam has confirmed 26 people infected with H1N1 flu, 23 of whom came by air after travelling in the United States or ... Today, we learn from this Reuters report that a number of sick passengers flying into Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam took fever ... Vietnam passengers cheat flu scan with fever reducers. Mon Jun 15, 2009 6:24am EDT ... HANOI, June 15 (Reuters) - Many sick passengers who flew to Ho Chi Minh City in southern Vietnam took fever reducers to cheat ...
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*  Tooth Extraction Vietnam - Ho Chi Minh City - Da Nang - Da Lat - Nha Trang - Hanoi
Serenity International Dental Group has 5 clinic branches located at the heart of 5 most amazing, tourism hub of Vietnam.. All ... 2013 - 2017 Serenity International Dental Clinic, the best dental clinic in Vietnam ...
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*  Short report: hepatitis b infection and severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Vietnamese adults. - Semantic Scholar
Sera from patients admitted with severe malaria in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, between May 1991 and January 1996 were assayed ... Hepatitis B in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.. *V B Tran. , M Buu. , Nguyen thi Man. , G E Morris ... Hepatitis C and B virus infections in populations at low or high risk in Ho Chi Minh and Hanoi, Vietnam.. *S Nakata. , P Song. ... Markers of hepatitis C and B virus infections among blood donors in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, Vietnam.. *P Song. , D D Duc. ...
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*  2014 Canada Education Week in Vietnam
... 70 Canadian Institutions to Participate in 6th Annual Canadian Education Week in Vietnam ... Ho Chi Minh City to participate in the Canada Education Fairs in order to meet with parents and prospective studentsin Vietnam ... bilateral international education linkages is an important factor as we strive to build on our already strong Canada-Vietnam ...
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*  HCM - Wikipedia
... in Vietnam Ho Chi Minh, Prime Minister (1945-1955) and President (1945-1969) of North Vietnam Human Capital Management, an ...
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Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City: The Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City is a Vietnamese national institute initially created by the French in 1891 under the name Pasteur Institute - Sai Gon, in 1975 renamed the Institute of Epidemiology, and in 1991 given the current name.Chaim F. Shatan: Chaim F. Shatan (September 1, 1924 – August 17, 2001) was a Canadian psychiatrist born in Włocławek, Poland.U.S.-Vietnam Dialogue Group on Agent Orange/Dioxin: The U.S.Auxin: Auxins (plural of auxin ) are a class of plant hormones (or plant growth substances) with some morphogen-like characteristics. Auxins have a cardinal role in coordination of many growth and behavioral processes in the plant's life cycle and are essential for plant body development.Veterans benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder in the United States: The United States provides a wide range of benefits for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which was incurred in, or aggravated by, their military service. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) will provide benefits to veterans that the VA has determined suffer from PTSD, which developed during, or as a result of, their military service.Chromotropic acidBithynia fuchsiana: Bithynia fuchsiana is a species of small freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Bithyniidae.Combat stress reaction: Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war. Also known as "combat fatigue" or "battle neurosis", it has some overlap with the diagnosis of acute stress reaction used in civilian psychiatry.Influenza A virus subtype H5N1: Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species. A bird-adapted strain of H5N1, called HPAI A(H5N1) for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of type A of subtype H5N1, is the highly pathogenic causative agent of H5N1 flu, commonly known as avian influenza ("bird flu").Microhyla berdmoreiPhilophthalmus gralli

(1/1409) Scientists try new strategy to eradicate dengue fever.

 (+info)

(2/1409) The pharmacokinetics of artemisinin after administration of two different suppositories to healthy Vietnamese subjects.

Eight healthy Vietnamese male subjects received 400 mg artemisinin formulated into fatty suppositories (FS), and six different subjects received 500 mg of artemisinin formulated in polyethylene glycol suppositories (PEGS). Plasma concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection; concentration versus time curves were analyzed with nonparametric methods. No statistically significant differences were found between the two formulations. The maximum concentration (Cmax) was 100 +/- 102 microg/L (mean +/- SD, range = 24-330) microg/L (FS), the pharmacokinetic lag time (Tlag) was 1.3 +/- 1.0 hr (range = 0-3) (FS), and the time of the maximum concentration (Tmax) was 7.1 +/- 2.1 hr (range = 3-10) hr (FS). Because artemisinin is not available for intravenous dosage, absolute bioavailability cannot be assessed. However, compared with a previous study on oral artemisinin in healthy Vietnamese subjects, bioavailability relative to oral administration was estimated to be approximately 30%. We conclude that therapeutic blood concentrations of artemisinin can be reached after rectal dosage. The dose after rectal administration should probably be higher than after oral administration; doubling or tripling the oral dose might be necessary, which would imply a rectal dose of at least 20 mg/kg of body weight given twice a day.  (+info)

(3/1409) Prevalence of enteric hepatitis A and E viruses in the Mekong River delta region of Vietnam.

A study of antibody prevalence for hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) was carried out in southwestern Vietnam in an area adjacent to a known focus of epidemic HEV transmission. The purpose of this investigation was first to provide a prevalence measure of hepatitis infections, and second to determine the outbreak potential of HEV as a function of the susceptible population. Blood specimens collected from 646 persons in randomly selected village hamlets were examined by an ELISA for anti-HEV IgG and anti-HAV IgG. The prevalences of anti-HEV IgG and anti-HAV IgG were 9% and 97%, respectively. There was a significant increase (P < 0.01) in age-specific anti-HEV IgG. A notable increase in anti-HAV IgG prevalence (P < 0.0001) occurred between child populations 0-4 (64%) and 5-9 (95%) years of age. No evidence of familial clustering of anti-HEV IgG-positive individuals was detected, and household crowding was not associated with the spread of HEV. Boiling of water was found to be of protective value against HEV transmission. A relatively low prevalence of anti-HEV indicates considerable HEV outbreak potential, against a background of 1) poor, water-related hygiene/sanitation, 2) dependence on a (likely human/animal waste)-contaminated Mekong riverine system, and 3) periodic river flooding.  (+info)

(4/1409) Identification of a novel genotype of hepatitis G virus in Southeast Asia.

Hepatitis G virus (HGV) isolates obtained from 20 Myanmarese and 10 Vietnamese subjects were analyzed. A cluster of isolates not belonging to any known genotype of HGV was found in five Myanmarese subjects and three Vietnamese subjects by phylogenetic analysis, and we classified this new genotype as type 4. These results revealed that the HGV genome can be classified into at least four major genotypes.  (+info)

(5/1409) Revolving drug funds: a step towards health security.

The establishment of a revolving drug fund project in Viet Nam is described and the factors responsible for its success are considered. As well as being a tool for cost recovery a revolving drug fund can serve as an entry point for strengthening health care and improving health security at local and district level.  (+info)

(6/1409) Childbirth customs in Vietnamese traditions.

OBJECTIVE: To examine and understand how differences in the cultural backgrounds of Canadian physicians and their Vietnamese patients can affect the quality and efficacy of prenatal and postnatal treatment. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: The information in this paper is based on a review of the literature, supplemented by interviews with members of the Vietnamese community in Edmonton, Alta. The literature was searched with MEDLINE (1966 to present), HEALTHSTAR (1975 to present), EMBASE (1988 to present), and Social Sciences Abstracts (1984 to present). Emphasis was placed on articles and other texts that dealt with Vietnamese customs surrounding childbirth, but information on health and health care customs was also considered. Interviews focused on the accuracy of information obtained from the research and the correlation of those data with personal experiences of Vietnamese community members. MAIN MESSAGE: Information in the texts used to research this paper suggests that traditional Vietnamese beliefs and practices surrounding birth are very different from the biomedical view of the Canadian medical system. The experiences and beliefs of the members of the Vietnamese community support this finding. Such cultural differences could contribute to misunderstandings between physicians and patients and could affect the quality and efficacy of health care provided. CONCLUSIONS: A sensitive and open approach to the patient's belief system and open and frank communication are necessary to ensure effective prenatal and postnatal treatment for recent Vietnamese immigrants and refugees. Education and awareness of cultural differences are necessary for physicians to provide the best and most effective health care possible.  (+info)

(7/1409) Introducing health insurance in Vietnam.

Like many other countries Vietnam is trying to reform its health care system through the introduction of social insurance. The small size of the formal sector means that the scope for compulsory payroll insurance is limited and provinces are beginning to experiment with ways of encouraging people to buy voluntary insurance. Methods of contracting between hospitals and insurance centres are being devised. These vary in complexity and there is a danger that those based on fee for service will encourage excessive treatment for those insured. It is important that the national and provincial government continue to maintain firm control over funding while also ensuring that a substantial and targeted general budget subsidy is provided for those unable to make contributions.  (+info)

(8/1409) Serum dioxin and cancer in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand.

We studied cancer prevalence and exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin) in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand, the Air Force unit responsible for the aerial spraying of herbicides in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971. A comparison group of Air Force veterans who served in Southeast Asia during the same period and who were not involved with spraying herbicides was included. Comparison veterans were matched to Ranch Hand veterans on age, race, and military occupation. We measured dioxin in 1987 or 1992, extrapolated the result to the time of service in Southeast Asia, and assigned each Ranch Hand veteran to Background, Low, or High exposure categories. This study had low power to detect an effect for specific or rare cancers. The risk of cancer at sites other than the skin within 20 years of service was increased in the Low (odds ratio (OR) = 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-8.0) and High (OR = 2.7, 95% CI 0.9-8.0) categories, but the pattern was inconsistent with another study, suggesting that the excess risk may not have been caused by dioxin exposure. Overall, we found no consistent evidence of a dose-response gradient and no significant increase in cancer risk in the High dioxin exposure category, the subgroup of greatest a priori interest.  (+info)



  • Minh City
  • The Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, Saigon or Bảo Tàng Phòng Không - Không Quân is located on Duong Thang Long (Thang Long Street) in the Phuong 4 District of Ho Chi Minh City . (wikipedia.org)
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