VietnamVietnam Conflict: A conflict occurring from 1954 through 1975 within the Republic of Vietnam. It involved neighboring nations and the United States and other members of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.Defoliants, Chemical: Herbicides that remove leaves from trees and growing plants. They may be either organic or inorganic. Several of the more persistent types have been used in military operations and many are toxic. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid: An herbicide with strong irritant properties. Use of this compound on rice fields, orchards, sugarcane, rangeland, and other noncrop sites was terminated by the EPA in 1985. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Amputation, Traumatic: Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid: An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Combat Disorders: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.

*  Channa asiatica, Small snakehead

Asia: Yangtze River basin in central China, Taiwan, Hainan Island to the Red River basin of northern Viet Nam (Ref. 43157). ...

*  bigimexco - Vietnam Import and Export

Hung Vuong Street, Tan Binh Ward, Dong Xoai Town, Binh Phuoc Province, Vietnam; Branch Office: 19/9 Truong Chinh St., Dist. 12 ...

*  Jujutsu (Jujitsu In Vietnam) - academymartialarts

We are conveniently located in Tay Ninh, Tay Ninh, Southern Vietnam, about 3 hours from downtown Ho Chi Minh City, about an ... Welcome to the Bushikido Jiujitsu (aka Jiu-Jitsu or Jujutsu) Vietnam homepage. ...

*  Flag Counter » Vietnam

conventional short form: Vietnam local long form: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam local short form: Viet Nam abbreviation: ... People's Armed Forces: People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; includes Vietnam People's Navy (with Naval Infantry), Vietnam People's ... The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam ... Vietnam joined the WTO in January 2007, which has promoted more competitive, export-driven industries. Vietnam was one of 12- ...

*  Business Guide Vietnam

... communication and transportation and the Doing Business in Vietnam rankings ... Comprehensive listing of the demographics of Vietnam including economy, people, geography, ... People's Armed Forces: People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; includes Vietnam People's Navy (with Naval Infantry), Vietnam People's ... Doing Business in Vietnam 2017. Geography. Location:. Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and ...

*  Vietnam and Thailand - Baltimore Sun

In Vietnam, Visitors can take Route 1 from the capital city of Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City (formerly... ... Virtual Tourist members have recommended Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand as all great destinations to discover by bike. ... In Vietnam, Visitors can take Route 1 from the capital city of Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), traveling along the ... In Vietnam, Visitors can take Route 1 from the capital city of Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), traveling along the ...

*  Vietnam rejects rocket launcher report, says it believes in peaceful self-defense | Asia Times

We hope Vietnam will remember and draw some lessons from history.". As Vietnam's former Prime Minister explicitly stated in ... Vietnam's then Prime Minister, said "Vietnam's defense policy is that of peace and self-defense." ... Vietnam rejects rocket launcher report, says it believes in peaceful self-defense. By Xuan Loc Doan August 18, 2016 8:04 AM ( ... By asking Vietnam to "draw some lessons from history", the Global Times may refer to this border war because China's then ...

*  Mutation analysis of the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes in Vietnamese patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (pdf) | Paperity

Vietnam 2 Clinic of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Tartu University Hospital , Puusepa 8, 51014 Tartu , Estonia 3 Department of ...

*  Vietnam Through Five Eyes

Here is Vietnam viewed from the rails of the Reunification Express. ... Vietnam Through Five Eyes. Flashback to last April, and our 40-hour train ride from the steamy Mekong Delta to the fog of the ... It was filed under Uncategorized and was tagged with southeast asia, videos, vietnam. ...

*  Miss Grand International 2017 - Wikipedia

Miss Grand Vietnam 2017 is Nguyen Tran Huyen My!». Pageanthology_101 ZHURNAL, By (1 de março de 2017). «Klaudia Kalia zgjidhet ... no Vietnam!». Miss News TEAM, Pamper Editorial (8 de agosto de 2017). «Biomedical Student and Karete Instructor Crowned Miss ... Zeenus Lama to represent Nepal in Vietnam!». Neo Stuffs MEDINA, Dewing Cruz (6 de agosto de 2017). «Martha Meza rumbo al Miss ... Miss Puerto Rico arrive in Vietnam!». VOV MISHRA, Vagisha (17 de julho de 2017). «Anukriti Gusain To Represent India at Miss ...

*  Vietnam Project - rballinger

This project is based on the novel The Things They Carried by Tim O'Brien. He wrote this book from his experiences in Vietnam. ... We will be looking at the social aspect of the Vietnam War on a more personal and individual level. This is also a tiered ... ...

*  Tài liệu Characterization of bacteria isolated from cobia (rachycentron canadum) cultured in nha trang bay, vietnam

In Vietnam, farming of cobia is a new species to aquaculture, which are cultured by small-scale to medium-scale family farms as ... Marine fish in Viet Nam are grown in cages and ponds. The farms tend to be small family-owned operations, although industrial- ... Vietnam is located in south-east Asia, situated in the western Pacific Rim exposed to the tropical typhoons from the Pacific ... Production in Vietnam was estimated to be 2,600 tonnes in 2009 (Nhu et al, 2010). The main factor constraining development of ...

*  Rats in Vietnam metro test positive for deadly hantavirus | Health | Thanh Nien Daily

Thanh Nien is the tribune of Vietnam's Youth Association. Publication permit No. 14/GP-BC, granted by Press Department, Vietnam ... Health Rats in Vietnam metro test positive for deadly hantavirus facebook google+ twitter search ... 3, HCMC, Vietnam. Tel: (84-8) 39302302 - Fax: (84-8) 39309939 Email: ...

*  Vietnam War Rules

The Soviet player includes East European and Cuban assistance to North Vietnam. North Vietnam (Democratic Republic of Vietnam) ... North Vietnam), the National Liberation Front (Viet Cong), the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), the United States, and the ... VIETNAM WAR. INTRODUCTION Vietnam War is a simulation of the political and military conflict during that struggle. Players ... South Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam) was set up by the US and its allies after the 1954 Geneva Convention. A plebiscite to unite ...

*  Vietnam Home

Access Vietnam's economy facts, statistics, project information, development research from experts and latest news. ... Latest news and information from the World Bank and its development work in Vietnam. ... Vietnam 2035 Report The Government of Vietnam and the World Bank are conducting a joint study on how the country can achieve ... How Vietnam is Meeting Energy Demands Sustainably As Vietnam's cities grow and quality of life improves, higher demand for more ...

*  Functional and molecular diversity of rice straw decomposing bacteria and fungi - Ex Student Archive

The Mekong Delta is one of two rice baskets in Vietnam. Due to the convenient environmental conditions for rice cropping, ...

*  Vietnam Overview

Vietnam now is one of the most dynamic emerging countries in East Asia region. ... Vietnam's shift from a centrally planned to a market economy has transformed the country from one of the poorest in the world ... Vietnam has enjoyed strong economic growth. Since 1990, Vietnam's GDP per capita growth has been among the fastest in the world ... The Government of Vietnam continues to show commitment to reforms. Vietnam's 2011 - 2020 Socio-Economic Development Strategy ( ...

*  ORBi: Browsing ORBi

Vietnam.. Nguyen-Kien, Cuong; Nguyen, Van Khanh; Hanzen, Christian in Tropical Animal Health and Production (2017), 49 ...

*  Giang Pham awarded grants to strengthen speech-language services for Vietnamese communities | School of Public Health and...

Pham an Internationalization Grant to conduct an exploratory trip to Vietnam during the 2013-2014 academic year. Dr. Pham will ... "This is an important first step to establishing mutually beneficial partnerships with Vietnam that could enrich teaching, ... perspective on speech and language disorders into the curriculum and to establish connections with universities in Vietnam for ...

*  History is the enemy as 'brilliant' psy-ops become the news | Antiwar Movement |

Len Aldis, secretary of the Britain-Vietnam Friendship Society, recently returned from Vietnam with a letter for the ... Arriving in a village in southern Vietnam, I caught sight of two children who bore witness to the longest war of the 20th ... In 1970, a US Senate report revealed that "the US has dumped [on South Vietnam] a quantity of toxic chemical amounting to six ... History is buried with the dead and deformed of Vietnam and Bhopal. And history is the new enemy. On 28 May, President Obama ...

*  HKU Scholars Hub: Molecular detection of Actinomyces species in root canals medicated with Calcium hydroxide and Septomixine

Vietnam, 25-27 September 2003. In Journal of Dental Research, 2003, v. 82 Sp Iss C, p. C-665, abstract no. VP-32 How to Cite?. ... Vietnam, 25-27 September 2003. In Journal of Dental Research, 2003, v. 82 Sp Iss C, p. C-665, abstract no. VP-32. en_HK. ...

*  The use of reproductive healthcare at commune health stations in a changing health system in Vietnam | BMC Health Services...

... in Vietnam. Thua Thien Hue is located in the center of Viet Nam with a total population of 1,143,500, of which 284,149 women ... To date, no study has examined the use of FP and primary RH services in the context of the current healthcare system in Vietnam ... Marie Stopes International Vietnam: Study on market survey, situation analysis, baseline of the local actor and non-state actor ... Marie Stopes International Vietnam: Study on market survey, situation analysis, baseline of the local actor and non-state actor ...

*  Vietnam

Ex-post evaluation report on the project for establishment of an e-procurement pilot system in Vietnam. The purpose of this ex- ... Ex-post evaluation report on the third phase of the project for upgrading the Korea-Vietnam friendship clinic in Hanoi. KOICA ... Ex-post Evaluation Report on the Project for Establishment of Korea-Vietnam Friendship IT College in Danang. Thanks to the ... Meta-evaluation of KOICA's TVET program : a case study on Vietnam. This evaluation aims to examine the effectiveness of KOICA's ...

Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City: The Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City is a Vietnamese national institute initially created by the French in 1891 under the name Pasteur Institute - Sai Gon, in 1975 renamed the Institute of Epidemiology, and in 1991 given the current name.Chaim F. Shatan: Chaim F. Shatan (September 1, 1924 – August 17, 2001) was a Canadian psychiatrist born in Włocławek, Poland.U.S.-Vietnam Dialogue Group on Agent Orange/Dioxin: The U.S.Auxin: Auxins (plural of auxin ) are a class of plant hormones (or plant growth substances) with some morphogen-like characteristics. Auxins have a cardinal role in coordination of many growth and behavioral processes in the plant's life cycle and are essential for plant body development.Veterans benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder in the United States: The United States provides a wide range of benefits for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which was incurred in, or aggravated by, their military service. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) will provide benefits to veterans that the VA has determined suffer from PTSD, which developed during, or as a result of, their military service.Chromotropic acidBithynia fuchsiana: Bithynia fuchsiana is a species of small freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Bithyniidae.Combat stress reaction: Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war. Also known as "combat fatigue" or "battle neurosis", it has some overlap with the diagnosis of acute stress reaction used in civilian psychiatry.Influenza A virus subtype H5N1: Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species. A bird-adapted strain of H5N1, called HPAI A(H5N1) for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of type A of subtype H5N1, is the highly pathogenic causative agent of H5N1 flu, commonly known as avian influenza ("bird flu").Microhyla berdmoreiPhilophthalmus gralli

(1/1409) Scientists try new strategy to eradicate dengue fever.


(2/1409) The pharmacokinetics of artemisinin after administration of two different suppositories to healthy Vietnamese subjects.

Eight healthy Vietnamese male subjects received 400 mg artemisinin formulated into fatty suppositories (FS), and six different subjects received 500 mg of artemisinin formulated in polyethylene glycol suppositories (PEGS). Plasma concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection; concentration versus time curves were analyzed with nonparametric methods. No statistically significant differences were found between the two formulations. The maximum concentration (Cmax) was 100 +/- 102 microg/L (mean +/- SD, range = 24-330) microg/L (FS), the pharmacokinetic lag time (Tlag) was 1.3 +/- 1.0 hr (range = 0-3) (FS), and the time of the maximum concentration (Tmax) was 7.1 +/- 2.1 hr (range = 3-10) hr (FS). Because artemisinin is not available for intravenous dosage, absolute bioavailability cannot be assessed. However, compared with a previous study on oral artemisinin in healthy Vietnamese subjects, bioavailability relative to oral administration was estimated to be approximately 30%. We conclude that therapeutic blood concentrations of artemisinin can be reached after rectal dosage. The dose after rectal administration should probably be higher than after oral administration; doubling or tripling the oral dose might be necessary, which would imply a rectal dose of at least 20 mg/kg of body weight given twice a day.  (+info)

(3/1409) Prevalence of enteric hepatitis A and E viruses in the Mekong River delta region of Vietnam.

A study of antibody prevalence for hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) was carried out in southwestern Vietnam in an area adjacent to a known focus of epidemic HEV transmission. The purpose of this investigation was first to provide a prevalence measure of hepatitis infections, and second to determine the outbreak potential of HEV as a function of the susceptible population. Blood specimens collected from 646 persons in randomly selected village hamlets were examined by an ELISA for anti-HEV IgG and anti-HAV IgG. The prevalences of anti-HEV IgG and anti-HAV IgG were 9% and 97%, respectively. There was a significant increase (P < 0.01) in age-specific anti-HEV IgG. A notable increase in anti-HAV IgG prevalence (P < 0.0001) occurred between child populations 0-4 (64%) and 5-9 (95%) years of age. No evidence of familial clustering of anti-HEV IgG-positive individuals was detected, and household crowding was not associated with the spread of HEV. Boiling of water was found to be of protective value against HEV transmission. A relatively low prevalence of anti-HEV indicates considerable HEV outbreak potential, against a background of 1) poor, water-related hygiene/sanitation, 2) dependence on a (likely human/animal waste)-contaminated Mekong riverine system, and 3) periodic river flooding.  (+info)

(4/1409) Identification of a novel genotype of hepatitis G virus in Southeast Asia.

Hepatitis G virus (HGV) isolates obtained from 20 Myanmarese and 10 Vietnamese subjects were analyzed. A cluster of isolates not belonging to any known genotype of HGV was found in five Myanmarese subjects and three Vietnamese subjects by phylogenetic analysis, and we classified this new genotype as type 4. These results revealed that the HGV genome can be classified into at least four major genotypes.  (+info)

(5/1409) Revolving drug funds: a step towards health security.

The establishment of a revolving drug fund project in Viet Nam is described and the factors responsible for its success are considered. As well as being a tool for cost recovery a revolving drug fund can serve as an entry point for strengthening health care and improving health security at local and district level.  (+info)

(6/1409) Childbirth customs in Vietnamese traditions.

OBJECTIVE: To examine and understand how differences in the cultural backgrounds of Canadian physicians and their Vietnamese patients can affect the quality and efficacy of prenatal and postnatal treatment. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: The information in this paper is based on a review of the literature, supplemented by interviews with members of the Vietnamese community in Edmonton, Alta. The literature was searched with MEDLINE (1966 to present), HEALTHSTAR (1975 to present), EMBASE (1988 to present), and Social Sciences Abstracts (1984 to present). Emphasis was placed on articles and other texts that dealt with Vietnamese customs surrounding childbirth, but information on health and health care customs was also considered. Interviews focused on the accuracy of information obtained from the research and the correlation of those data with personal experiences of Vietnamese community members. MAIN MESSAGE: Information in the texts used to research this paper suggests that traditional Vietnamese beliefs and practices surrounding birth are very different from the biomedical view of the Canadian medical system. The experiences and beliefs of the members of the Vietnamese community support this finding. Such cultural differences could contribute to misunderstandings between physicians and patients and could affect the quality and efficacy of health care provided. CONCLUSIONS: A sensitive and open approach to the patient's belief system and open and frank communication are necessary to ensure effective prenatal and postnatal treatment for recent Vietnamese immigrants and refugees. Education and awareness of cultural differences are necessary for physicians to provide the best and most effective health care possible.  (+info)

(7/1409) Introducing health insurance in Vietnam.

Like many other countries Vietnam is trying to reform its health care system through the introduction of social insurance. The small size of the formal sector means that the scope for compulsory payroll insurance is limited and provinces are beginning to experiment with ways of encouraging people to buy voluntary insurance. Methods of contracting between hospitals and insurance centres are being devised. These vary in complexity and there is a danger that those based on fee for service will encourage excessive treatment for those insured. It is important that the national and provincial government continue to maintain firm control over funding while also ensuring that a substantial and targeted general budget subsidy is provided for those unable to make contributions.  (+info)

(8/1409) Serum dioxin and cancer in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand.

We studied cancer prevalence and exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin) in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand, the Air Force unit responsible for the aerial spraying of herbicides in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971. A comparison group of Air Force veterans who served in Southeast Asia during the same period and who were not involved with spraying herbicides was included. Comparison veterans were matched to Ranch Hand veterans on age, race, and military occupation. We measured dioxin in 1987 or 1992, extrapolated the result to the time of service in Southeast Asia, and assigned each Ranch Hand veteran to Background, Low, or High exposure categories. This study had low power to detect an effect for specific or rare cancers. The risk of cancer at sites other than the skin within 20 years of service was increased in the Low (odds ratio (OR) = 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-8.0) and High (OR = 2.7, 95% CI 0.9-8.0) categories, but the pattern was inconsistent with another study, suggesting that the excess risk may not have been caused by dioxin exposure. Overall, we found no consistent evidence of a dose-response gradient and no significant increase in cancer risk in the High dioxin exposure category, the subgroup of greatest a priori interest.  (+info)


  • So far she has about two dozen veterans and their information on her list - I would strongly suggest any Vietnam veterans with tonsil cancer send her information so the study can hopefully be adjusted to add tonsil cancer to the presumptive list for Agent Orange. (
  • It is a Crime that Atomic Veterans, Vietnam Veterans, and Desert Storm Veterans of the 1990-91 war have been treated so callulously by the VA! (
  • I believe we need those hearings and more joint hearings to deal with Vietnam Veterans, Project Shad, Atomic Veterans, and the list can be expanded. (
  • First, it is still not too late to correct lapses in the nation's treatment of veterans who were exposed to dioxin during the Vietnam War. (


  • The production of this paper was inspired in part by NOD's participation in the U.S.-Vietnam Dialogue Group on Agent Orange/Dioxin, a bilateral citizens' group of five Vietnamese and five Americans convened by the Ford Foundation (further information is available at (
  • One goal of the Dialogue Group is to make the U.S. public aware of the continuing environmental and health consequences of dioxin contamination in Vietnam resulting from use of Agent Orange by U.S. forces during the Vietnam War. (
  • U.S. Agent Orange/Dioxin Assistance to Vietnam , Congressional Research Service 7-5700, by Michael F Martin, November 13, 2015. (
  • Conduct research into the health effects of Agent Orange/dioxin in the US and Vietnam. (


  • Millions of Vietnamese are believed to be effected by the traces of Agent Orange that remain in the numerous "hot spots" around Vietnam. (
  • This bill will provide cleanup of the contaminated "hot spots" in Vietnam and medical, rehabilitative, and human services to several generations of Vietnamese and Americans suffering with diseases and disabilities. (


  • never ever smoked or drank but was a convoy driver in Vietnam so he was exposed and also has bilateral neuropathy (which the VA won't acknowledge is related). (


  • This year marks the 36th anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War, but the legacy of Agent Orange remains. (


  • For anyone else reading this reply, if you spent one day in Vietnam, it is presumed that you had Agent Orange exposure. (

Agent Orange

  • I was in Vietnam for 13 months and believe I received a pretty good dose of Agent Orange. (
  • From what I have heard the length of time in Vietnam does not count - if he was in Vietnam he was exposed to Agent Orange. (
  • She was exposed to Agent Orange during the Vietnam War, and she believes the defoliant caused her son's birth defect. (
  • These two families - from opposite sides of the Vietnam War - represent one of the final dark vestiges of the war: Agent Orange, a powerful defoliant used to clear jungles during the Vietnam War, is still leaving its pernicious effects on the people and the environment more than three decades after the guns went silent. (
  • For the most part, Vietnam has moved on - most of its 89-million population were born after the war - yet, Agent Orange remains unresolved, an impasse made worse by the political differences of the three sides of that long-away conflict. (
  • On April 29th, 2015 - 40 years after the end of the Vietnam War - Congresswoman Barbara Lee introduced H.R. 2114 - the Victims of Agent Orange Relief Act of 2015 . (


  • In Nghe An Province, Vietnam, low prevalence of FZT for fish farmers but high prevalence for fish indicate that reservoir hosts other than humans may play a role in sustaining transmission. (