Urinary Bladder Fistula: An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.Urinary Bladder: A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.Fistula: Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.Urinary Bladder Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.Urinary Bladder Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.Arteriovenous Fistula: An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.Intestinal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).Cutaneous Fistula: An abnormal passage or communication leading from an internal organ to the surface of the body.Bronchial Fistula: An abnormal passage or communication between a bronchus and another part of the body.Urinary Fistula: An abnormal passage in any part of the URINARY TRACT between itself or with other organs.Vascular Fistula: An abnormal passage between two or more BLOOD VESSELS, between ARTERIES; VEINS; or between an artery and a vein.Rectal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage connecting the RECTUM to the outside, with an orifice at the site of drainage.
Pneumaturia: Pneumaturia is the passage of gas or "air" in urine. This may be seen or described as "bubbles in the urine".Bladder augmentation: Bladder augmentation is a surgical alteration of the urinary bladder. It involves removing strips of tissue from the intestinal tract and adding this to the tissue of the bladder.Autoschizis: "Autoschizis" is a term derived from the Greek αὐτο- auto-, meaning "self", and σχίζειν skhizein, "to split". It was introduced in 1998 to describe a novel form of cancer cell death characterized by a reduction in cell size that occurs due to the loss of cytoplasm through self-excision (the cell splits open) without the loss of cell organelles, morphologic degradation of the cells nucleus and nucleolus without the formation of apoptotic bodies and destruction of the cell membrane.Urinary bladder disease: -, - |Arteriovenous fistulaBronchopleural fistula: A bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a fistula between the pleural space and the lung. It sometimes develops following pneumonectomy or an infection.Fistulotomy: A fistulotomy is the surgical opening of a fistulous tract. They can be performed by excision of the tract and surrounding tissue, simple division of the tract, or gradual division and assisted drainage of the tract by means of a seton; a cord passed through the tract in a loop which is slowly tightened over a period of days or weeks.
(1/34) Gangrenous cystitis: a rare cause of colovesical fistula.
A case of gangrenous cystitis presenting as a colovesical fistula in an elderly woman is described. The literature on this rare condition is reviewed. (+info)
(2/34) Evrim Bougie: a new instrument in the management of urethral strictures.
BACKGROUND: In this study a new instrument and technique is described for the endoscopic treatment of complete posterior urethral strictures, which may result in serious complications and sometimes require troublesome treatments. METHODS: Three patients with complete posterior urethral obstruction were treated endoscopically with the guidance of a new instrument: Evrim Bougie. Evrim Bougie looks like a Guyon Bougie, has a curved end, which facilitates getting into the bladder through the cystostomy tract and with a built in channel of 1.5 mm in diameter for a sliding needle exiting at its tip. Having confirmed fluoroscopically and endoscopically that the sliding needle had passed across the strictured segment, the strictured segment was incised with internal urethrotomy, distal to the strictured segment, and urethral continuity was accomplished. At the end of the operation a Foley urethral catheter was easily placed into the bladder per urethra. Patients were instructed in self-catheterization after removal of the urethral catheter. All patients achieved normal voiding at postoperative 7th month follow-up evaluation. CONCLUSION: Internal urethrotomy could be performed under the guidance of the sliding needle of Evrim Bougie advanced from above the posterior urethral strictures, which to our knowledge was described for the first time in the English literature. We also believe that there may be other possible indications of Evrim Bougie for different procedures in urethral surgery. (+info)
(3/34) Pelvic fistulas complicating pelvic surgery or diseases: spectrum of imaging findings.
Pelvic fistulas may result from obstetric complications, inflammatory bowel disease, pelvic malignancy, pelvic radiation therapy, pelvic surgery, or other traumatic causes, and their symptoms may be distressing. In our experience, various types of pelvic fistulas are identified after pelvic disease or pelvic surgery. Because of its close proximity, the majority of such fistulas occur in the pelvic cavity and include the vesicovaginal, vesicouterine, vesicoenteric, ureterovaginal, ureteroenteric and enterovaginal type. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the spectrum of imaging features of pelvic fistulas. (+info)
(4/34) Infliximab in refractory pouchitis complicated by fistulae following ileo-anal pouch for ulcerative colitis.
AIM: To determine the efficacy of infliximab in the treatment of chronic refractory pouchitis complicated by fistulae following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. METHODS: This open study included seven patients (four females, three males) with chronic refractory pouchitis complicated by fistulae. Pouchitis was diagnosed by clinical, endoscopic and histological criteria. The sites of the fistulae were as follows: pouch-bladder in one, vaginal in three, perianal in two, and both vaginal and perianal in one. Extra-intestinal manifestations (erythema nodosum, arthralgia) were present in four patients. Crohn's disease was carefully excluded in all patients after re-evaluation of the history, re-examination of the original proctocolectomy specimen and examination of the proximal small bowel. All patients had been treated with antibiotics and three with steroids. Patients received infliximab, 5 mg/kg, at 0, 2 and 6 weeks. Azathioprine (2.5 mg/kg) was also started for all patients as bridge therapy. Clinical response was classified as complete, partial or no response. Fistulae closure was classified as complete (cessation of fistulae drainage and total closure of all fistulae), partial (a reduction in the number, size, drainage or discomfort associated with fistulae) or no closure. The pouchitis disease activity index and quality of life were also used as outcome measures. RESULTS: Clinically, all patients improved. At the 10-week follow-up, six of the seven patients had a complete clinical response, and five had complete fistulae closure. At the 10-week follow-up, the median pouchitis disease activity index decreased from 12 (baseline) (range, 10-15) to 5 (range, 3-8); the median quality of life decreased from 37 points (range, 33-40) to 14 (range, 9-18). Erythema nodosum and arthralgia showed complete remission soon after the first infusion of infliximab. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results indicate that infliximab may be recommended for the treatment of refractory pouchitis complicated by fistulae following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. (+info)
(5/34) Vesico-ileosigmoidal fistula caused by diverticulitis: report of a case and literature review in Japan.
Enterovesical fistula is a relatively uncommon complication of colorectal and pelvic malignancies, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease, radiotherapy, and trauma in Asian countries. A case of vesico-ileosigmoidal fistula and a literature review of this disease in Japan are presented. A 70-yr-old male was referred with complaints of urinary pain and pneumaturia. On admission, urinary tract infection and pneumaturia were presented. A barium enema demonstrated multiple diverticulum in his sigmoid colon and the passage of contrast medium into the bladder and ileum. Under the diagnosis of vesico-ileosigmoidal fistula due to suspected diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon, sigmoidectomy and partial resection of the ileum with partial cystectomy were performed. The histopathology revealed diverticulosis of the sigmoid colon with diverticulitis and development of a vesico-ileosigmoidal fistula. No malignant findings were observed. Until the year 2000, a total of 173 cases of vesico-sigmoidal fistula caused by diverticulitis had been reported in Japan. Pneumaturia and fecaluria are the most common types, presenting symptoms in 63% of the cases. Computed tomography, with a sensitivity of 40% to 100%, is the most commonly used diagnostic study. For patients with vesico-sigmoidal fistula, resection of the diseased sigmoid colon and partial cystectomy with primary anastomosis are the safest and most acceptable procedures, leading to the best results. (+info)
(6/34) Sonographic diagnosis of vesicouterine fistula.
Vesicouterine fistula is one of the least common types of urogenital fistula, accounting for only 1-4% of all cases. We report a case of vesicouterine fistula after vacuum delivery in a woman with a history of a previous Cesarean section. The 29-year-old woman was hospitalized due to continuous serosanguinous vaginal leakage and hematuria. Transvaginal sonography demonstrated the presence of a fistulous tract between the uterus and the bladder. Cystoscopy demonstrated a small opening in the posterior bladder wall and a cystogram revealed a fistulous tract between the posterior portion of the bladder and the uterine cavity. Since the patient could not tolerate her symptoms, we decided to close the fistulous tract surgically. The fistulous tract was excised and the bladder and uterus were closed primarily. The bladder was drained with a Foley catheter for 12 days and subsequent follow-up of the patient has demonstrated urinary continence. (+info)
(7/34) DIVERTICULITIS WITH SIGMOIDOVESICAL FISTULAE.
In four cases of sigmoidovesical fistula secondary to sigmoid diverticulitis, the diagnosis was made by the findings of pneumaturia and fecaluria. The fistula was visualized in the bladder in two cases. A one-stage operative procedure was used for treating the condition. The patients recovered promptly with no morbidity. (+info)
(8/34) Ileovesical fistula caused by hepatocellular carcinoma.
Ileovesical fistula is a very rare clinical entity, the most frequent cause of which is Crohn's disease. Furthermore, it is an exceptionally rare complication of malignancies. We experienced one case of ileovesical fistula which had been caused by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising from the noncirrhotic liver. A 27-year-old man was diagnosed with HCC in a noncirrhotic liver. Despite treatment with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), the disease status became more aggravated. The patient complained of dysuria, fecaluria, and intermittent lower abdominal pain. Pelvic CT scan showed a soft tissue mass of 6 cm abutting on the distal ileum which was downwardly displaced. Barium study of the small bowel showed a fistula between the small bowel loop and the urinary bladder. Upon operation, adhesion and fistula were found between the ileum and the urinary bladder. The microscopic findings of the surgical specimen were compatible with metastatic HCC. We confirmed that ileovesical fistula had been caused by metastatic HCC. (+info)
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