United States Department of Agriculture: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.United States Department of Homeland Security: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to domestic national security.United States Department of Defense: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government whose mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter WARFARE and to protect the security of our country.Pathology, Veterinary: The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Rabies Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.United StatesNew YorkIndianaWashingtonOklahomaGovernment Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.MontanaUnited States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Hawaii: A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)New York CityDisease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.CaliforniaMeat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.

*  Study Search Results

Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics; United States Department of Agriculture. ... United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics 13 ... United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics ... National Endowment for the Arts; United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of Census; United States Department of Labor. ...
icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/studies?keyword=households&geography[0]=United States&paging.startRow=1

*  Dietary Intervention Shows Neuroprotection : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ... ARS is the principal intramural scientific research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. ...
https://ars.usda.gov/news-events/news/research-news/2009/dietary-intervention-shows-neuroprotection/

*  Study Search Results

Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics; United States Department of Agriculture. ... State and Metropolitan Area Data Book [United States]: 1991 (ICPSR 6398) United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the ... United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics ... County Statistics File 4 (CO-STAT 4): [United States] (ICPSR 9806) United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census ...
icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/NACDA/studies?keyword=population characteristics

*  Publication : USDA ARS

Interpretive Summary: The Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture announces the release of a ... Technical Abstract: The Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture announces the release of a ... It was developed at the United States Agricultural Research Station in Salinas, California by Beiquan Mou. Leafminers are ... It was developed at the United States Agricultural Research Station in Salinas, California by Beiquan Mou. Leafminers are ...
https://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=195788

*  Conservation efforts in Maryland. Look into how much money the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) spent on...

Look into how much money the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) spent on conservation programs. ... Department of Agriculture pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act. Therefore, EWG cannot guarantee the accuracy of the ...
https://farm.ewg.org/region.php?fips=24000&statename=Maryland

*  New Lures to Doom Crop-Damaging Caterpillars : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ... ARS is the U.S. Department of Agriculture's chief scientific research agency. ... In one trial, by Washington State University graduate student Leonardo Camelo, who works at the ARS lab, use of the floral ...
https://ars.usda.gov/news-events/news/research-news/2004/new-lures-to-doom-crop-damaging-caterpillars/

*  Internet Archive Search: subject:"Oats"

United States. Department of Agriculture; United States. Bureau of Plant Industry; United States. Government Printing Office ... United States. Department of Agriculture. Statistical Reporting Service, issuing body; Montana. Department of Agriculture, ... Grain and field crops research (United States Department of Agriculture and cooperating agencies) ... by United States. Agricultural Research Service. Field Crops Research Branch; United States. Agricultural Research Service. ...
archive.org/search.php?query=subject:"Oats"

*  United States Department of Agriculture: organization, pictures and information - Fold3.com

The current Secretary of Agriculture is Tom Vilsack. - Memorial for United States Department of Agriculture at Fold3.com ... also known as the Agriculture Department is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing ... production work to assure food safety protect natural resources foster rural communities and end hunger in the United States ... federal government policy on farming agriculture forestry and food. It aims to meet the needs of farmers and ranchers promote ...
https://fold3.com/page/641420905-united-states-department-of-agriculture

*  Midwest Community Tree Guide Benefits, Cost, and Strategic Planting : United States Department of Agriculture : 9781508503897

... and Strategic Planting by United States Department of Agriculture, 9781508503897, available at Book Depository with free ... Managing for Enhancement of Riparian and Wetland Areas of the Western United States United States Department of Agriculture ...
https://bookdepository.com/Midwest-Community-Tree-Guide-Benefits-Cost-Strategic-Planting-United-States-Department-Agriculture/9781508503897

*  New Vaccine To Fight Salmonella in Eggs : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ... ARS is the U.S. Department of Agriculture's chief scientific research agency. ...
https://ars.usda.gov/news-events/news/research-news/2003/new-vaccine-to-fight-salmonella-in-eggs/

*  Surfing for Folate, Selenium and Other Nutrients : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ... There, you'll find the latest update of the main source of food composition data in the United States, technically known as ... Then they will use state-of-the-art methods to collect representative samples of these key foods nationwide and oversee their ...
https://ars.usda.gov/news-events/news/research-news/1998/surfing-for-folate-selenium-and-other-nutrients/

*  Study Search Results

Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics; United States Department of Agriculture. ... Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics; United States Department of Agriculture. ... Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics; United States Department of Agriculture. ... Bureau of the Census; United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics; United States Department of Agriculture. ...
icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/series/24/studies?q=Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2011: Interview Survey & Detailed Expenditure Files&permit[0]=AVAILABLE&dataFormat[0]=SAS&paging.startRow=1

*  United States Dept of Agriculture Bureau Books New, Rare & Used Books - Alibris

... used books by United States Dept of Agriculture Bureau, including hardcovers, softcovers, rare, out-of-print first editions, ... by United States Dept of Agriculture Bureau (Creator), United States Dept of Agriculture Bur (Creator) * See All from $21.30 ... by United States Dept of Agriculture Bureau (Creator), United States Dept of Agriculture Bur (Creator) * See All from $17.12 ... by United States Dept of Agriculture Bureau (Creator), United States Dept of Agriculture Bur (Creator) * See All from $49.04 ...
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*  An Act to provide for the compulsory inspection by the United States Department of Agriculture of poultry and poultry products....

S. 1747 (85th): An Act to provide for the compulsory inspection by the United States Department of Agriculture of poultry and ... The Poultry Products Inspection Act of 1957 (P.L. 85-172, as amended) requires the United States Department of Agriculture's ... Launched in 2004, GovTrack helps everyone learn about and track the activities of the United States Congress. This is a project ...
https://govtrack.us/congress/bills/85/s1747

*  Administrative And Professional Positions

United States Department of Agriculture. Food Safety and Inspection Service. * About FSIS ...
https://fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/careers/opportunities-and-types-of-jobs/administrative-and-professional-positions/

*  United States Congress House Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, Nutrition, and Forestry...

Law and legislation United States United States.--Department of Agriculture United States.--Department of Agriculture.--Office ... Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Department Operations, Nutrition, and Foreign Agriculture. United States. Congress. ... United States Department of Agriculture *United States Forest Service *United States Department of Agriculture Office of the ... Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, and Credit. United States. Congress. House. ...
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*  United States. Department of Agriculture. International Affairs and Commodity Programs

... SKOS Alternative Label: *United States ... United States. Department of Agriculture. International Affairs and Commodity Programs. Information about the Resource. Schema. ... Dept. of Agriculture. International Affairs and Commodity Programs. Is In SKOS Scheme: * http://id.worldcat.org/fast/ontology/ ... United States. Department of Agriculture Information about the Resource Source. Document: * in Dataset:FAST ...
experimental.worldcat.org/fast/1852363/

*  Federal Grain Inspection Service Operation: Hearing Before the Subcommittee ... - United States. Congress. House. Committee on...

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Dept. Investigations, Oversight, and Research. ... United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Dept. Investigations, Oversight, and Research. ... United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Dept. Investigations, Oversight, and Research ... Cargill Chairman CHARLES THONE Committee on Agriculture conflict of interest Congress Corpus Christi deadline DEPARTMENT ...
https://books.google.com/books?id=3VAeAAAAMAAJ&q=FGIS employees&dq=related:STANFORD36105119575111&source=gbs_word_cloud_r&hl=en

*  Publication : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ...
https://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=229764&pf=1

*  Publication : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ... Title: DUAL SARCOCYSTIS NEURONA AND TOXOPLASMA GONDII INFECTION IN A NORTHERN OTTER FROM WASHINGTON STATE, USA ...
https://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=121045&pf=1

*  Publication : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ... You are here: ARS Home / Northeast Area / Ithaca, New York / Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture & Health / Plant, Soil and ...
https://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=221158

*  Michael Edwards : USDA ARS

United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. *ARS Home. *,. *About ARS ... Discovery of Beet Black Scorch Virus in the United States - Weiland, J.J., Larson, R.L., Freeman, T.P., Edwards, M.C., Liu, H. ... Discovery of Beet Black Scorch Virus in the United States [abstract.] In: Proceedings of the 34th Biennial Meeting of the ... First report of Beet black scorch virus in the United States. Plant Disease. 90(6):828. ...
https://ars.usda.gov/people-locations/person/?person-id=1546&pf=1

*  Oppenheimer Trust Company announces appointment of Hunt Worth as President

... investment management and wealth management services from 94 offices in 26 states and through local broker-dealers in 4 foreign ... a Vice President and Senior Trust Advisor at Wachovia Trust Company with more than 19 years of experience in trust departments ... Agriculture * Chemical * Construction & Building * HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning) * Machine Tools, ...
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*  Electronic Village: Trial Date Set in Lawsuit About Taser-Killing of Michigan Teenager Brett Elder

State and Lake (1) * State Department (2) * State Farm Insurance (1) * Statue of Liberty (1) ... United Nations (15) * Universal Blackness (1) * Universal Declaration of Human Rights (5) ... Agriculture Department (3) * Ahmed Mahamad (1) * AIDS (19) * Aimee Laramore (1) * Al Franken (1) ...
electronicvillage.blogspot.com/2011/02/trial-date-set-in-lawsuit-about-taser.html

*  Book sources - Wikipedia

... the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Science and Technology and the University of the Philippines) ... Find this book on the United States Library of Congress catalog. * Find this book in the National Agricultural Library catalog ... Find this book on the State Library of South Australia catalogue. * Find this book on the State Library of Western Australia ... Find this book in the San Diego State University library catalog. *Find this book in the San Jose State University library ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/1897609523

Foundation Course for Agricultural Research ServiceOklahoma Homeland Security Act: The Oklahoma Homeland Security Act (74 O.S.Albert Baldwin Dod: Albert Baldwin Dod (March 24, 1805 – November 20, 1845) was an American Presbyterian theologian and professor of mathematics. He was born in Mendham, New Jersey to Daniel and Nancy (née Squire) Dod.Veterinary Pathology (journal): Veterinary Pathology is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in the field of Pathology. The journal's editor is Carl L.Indian Veterinary Research InstituteChilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Global Alliance for Rabies Control: right|100px|Global Alliance for Rabies Control LogoList of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,New York State Department of HealthIndiana University School of Dentistry: The Indiana University School of Dentistry (IUSD) is the dental school of Indiana University. It is located on the Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis campus in downtown Indianapolis.Environmental issues in Puget Sound: Puget Sound is a deep inlet of the Pacific Ocean in Washington, extending south from the Strait of Juan de Fuca through Admiralty Inlet. It was explored and named by Captain George Vancouver for his aide, Peter Puget, in 1792.Oklahoma City Oil Field: The Oklahoma City Oil Field is one of the world's giant petroleum fields and is located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma in the United States of America. The field was opened just south of the city limits on December 4, 1928, and first entered Oklahoma City limits on May 27, 1930.Companies OfficeWaterfalls of Montana: There are at least 120 named waterfalls in Montana.List of law enforcement agencies in Hawaii: This is a list of law enforcement agencies in Hawaii.List of bus routes in Brooklyn: The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) operates a number of bus routes in Brooklyn, New York, United States; one minor route is privately operated under a city franchise. Many of them are the direct descendants of streetcar lines (see list of streetcar lines in Brooklyn); the ones that started out as bus routes were almost all operated by the Brooklyn Bus Corporation, a subsidiary of the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation, until the New York City Board of Transportation took over on June 5, 1940.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Senior Emergency Department: The senior emergency department is a recent hospital innovation to build separate geriatric emergency rooms for older adults akin to pediatric emergency rooms designed for children. The trend comes in response to the nation's rapidly growing population of older adults and overcrowding of emergency departments.San Diego County, California Probation: The San Diego County Probation Department is the body in San Diego County, California responsible for supervising convicted offenders in the community, either who are on probation, such as at the conclusion of their sentences, or while on community supervision orders.White meat: White meat or light meat refers to the lighter-colored meat of poultry as contrasted with dark meat. In a more general sense, white meat may also refer to any lighter-colored meat, as contrasted with red meats like beef and some types of game.Plant breeders' rights: Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.

(1/209) Accuracy of application of USDA beef quality and yield grades using the traditional system and the proposed seven-grade yield grade system.

Beef carcasses (n = 5,542) were evaluated by three USDA on-line graders and compared with the computed expert USDA quality (QG) and yield grades (YG) during 8-h shifts at a major beef-processing facility for a 2-wk period to evaluate the accuracy of applying USDA QG and YG within the traditional five-grade and the proposed seven-grade (segregating YG 2 and 3 into YG 2A, 2B, 3A, and 3B) YG systems. Quality grade distribution of the carcasses was 1.1% Prime, 50.0% Choice, 43.8% Select, and 5.1% No-Roll. Accuracy of applying QG was not affected (P>.05) by changing from the five-grade (91.5%) to either the seven-grade system, when determining only QG (94.3%), or the seven-grade system, when determining QG and YG (95.0%). Calculated expert YG successfully segregated carcasses into their respective YG, but on-line graders could not differentiate between YG 4 and 5 in the seven-grade systems. The application of YG in the five-grade system was more accurate (P<.05) than either of the seven-grade systems. A trend existed for on-line graders to undergrade carcasses as the numerical YG increased. Total accuracy of applying YG decreased by 19.4 to 21.8% when switching from the five-grade to the seven-grade system. The segmentation of USDA YG 2 and 3 into YG 2A, 2B, 3A, and 3B resulted in a decrease in the ability of on-line graders to accurately apply the YG.  (+info)

(2/209) Beef customer satisfaction: cooking method and degree of doneness effects on the top loin steak.

The objective of this research was to evaluate the consumer-controlled factors of cooking method and degree of doneness on Top Choice, Low Choice, High Select, and Low Select top loin steaks. The in-home product test was conducted in Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Consumers (n = 2,212) evaluated each top loin steak for overall like (OLIKE), tenderness (TEND), juiciness (JUIC), flavor desirability (DFLAV), and flavor intensity (IFLAV) using 23-point hedonic scales. Respondents in San Francisco and Philadelphia cooked their top loin steaks to lower degrees of doneness than those in Chicago and Houston. Outdoor grilling was the most common method of cookery for top loin steaks in all cities. Consumers had the highest preference for Top Choice steaks (P < .05) and the lowest preference for Low Select steaks (P < .05). Consumer OLIKE scores were the highest (P < .05) for steaks cooked to a medium rare or lesser degree of doneness. Consumers preferred (P < .05) medium and well done or more degrees of doneness over medium well. The interaction of city x cooking method was significant for all steak palatability attributes. The differences in consumer preparation techniques among cities present challenges for the beef industry to develop market-specific promotional campaigns.  (+info)

(3/209) Beef customer satisfaction: cooking method and degree of doneness effects on the top sirloin steak.

The objective of this research was to evaluate the consumer-controlled factors of cooking method and degree of doneness on Top Choice, Low Choice, High Select, and Low Select top sirloin steaks. The in-home product test was conducted in Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Consumers (n = 2,212) evaluated each top sirloin steak for overall like (OLIKE), tenderness (TEND), juiciness (JUIC), flavor desirability (DFLAV), and flavor intensity (IFLAV) using 23-point hedonic scales. Top sirloin steaks, regardless of city, were consistently cooked to well done or higher degrees of doneness. Dry-heat methods such as outdoor grilling, broiling, and indoor grilling were the most frequent cooking methods used. Four significant interactions existed for OLIKE: USDA quality grade x cooking method (P = .02), city x cooking method (P = .0001), city x degree of doneness (P = .01), and cooking method x degree of doneness (P = .009). Greater differences were found between cooking methods within USDA quality grade than between USDA quality grades within cooking method. Consumers in Houston rated steaks cooked by outdoor grilling higher than those from the other cities, and steaks cooked by indoor grilling were rated the highest among all cooking methods by consumers in Chicago. In Chicago, steaks cooked to more advanced degrees of doneness tended to receive higher ratings, but few differences between degrees of doneness in the other three cities were detected. For outdoor grilling, broiling, and pan-frying, the trend was for OLIKE ratings to decline as degree of doneness increased. The lowest customer satisfaction ratings tended to be given to top sirloin steaks cooked to more advanced degrees of doneness, and consumers most frequently cooked steaks to at least the well done stage. Consumer information programs or the development of postmortem techniques that would ensure acceptable palatability of top sirloin steaks may need to be developed.  (+info)

(4/209) Beef customer satisfaction: cooking method and degree of doneness effects on the top round steak.

The objective of this research was to evaluate the consumer-controlled factors of cooking method and degree of doneness on Top Choice, Low Choice, High Select, and Low Select top round steaks. The in-home product test was conducted in Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Consumers (n = 2,212) evaluated each top round steak for overall like (OLIKE), tenderness (TEND), juiciness (JUIC), flavor desirability (DFLAV), and flavor intensity (IFLAV) using 23-point hedonic scales. Stir-frying, braising, and simmering and stewing consistently produced higher consumer attribute ratings. There were clear OLIKE rating differences (P = .0001) for top round steaks among the four cities. The highest ratings were given by consumers in Houston, and the lowest ratings were given by consumers in Philadelphia (P < .05). There were two interactions for OLIKE: USDA quality grade x degree of doneness (P = .002) and degree of doneness x cooking method (P = .02). Higher ratings generally were given to steaks cooked to medium rare or less or to very well degrees of doneness. Stir-frying, braising, and simmering and stewing were preferred at lower degrees of doneness. Customer satisfaction with the top round steak is very dependent on how it is cooked and by whom it is consumed.  (+info)

(5/209) Tenderness classification of beef: IV. Effect of USDA quality grade on the palatability of "tender" beef longissimus when cooked well done.

The objective of this experiment was to determine the impact of USDA quality grade on the palatability of "tender" longissimus when cooked well done. Warner-Bratzler shear force was determined on longissimus thoracis steaks aged 3 or 14 d postmortem (cooked to 70 degrees C) from carcasses of 692 steers and heifers. Steaks from 31 carcasses with Modest or Moderate marbling scores (Top Choice) and steaks from 31 carcasses with Slight00 to Slight40 marbling scores (Low Select) were selected for this experiment from carcasses identified as "tender" (shear force < 5.0 kg at 3 d postmortem). Longissimus thoracis steaks with 3 or 14 d of postmortem aging were cooked to 80 degrees C and evaluated by a trained sensory descriptive attribute panel. Top Choice steaks had higher (P < .05) juiciness (5.8 vs 5.3) and beef flavor intensity ratings (4.9 vs 4.6) than Low Select steaks. Aging of steaks for 14, rather than 3, d postmortem improved (P < .05) beef flavor intensity rating (4.8 vs 4.7) but not (P > .05) juiciness rating (5.6 vs 5.5). The interaction (P < .05) of quality grade and aging time for tenderness rating indicated that Top Choice steaks were more tender (P < .05) with 3 d of aging than steaks from Low Select carcasses (6.3 vs 5.8), but steaks from Top Choice and Low Select carcasses had similar (P > .05) tenderness ratings after 14 d of aging (7.0 and 6.8). Compared to palatability of steaks from Low Select carcasses, the palatability of steaks from Top Choice carcasses was less affected by elevated degree of doneness in "tender" longissimus thoracis, especially when steaks were aged for only 3 d. Although differences in sensory traits between Top Choice and Low Select steaks were small, the consumers who cook beef well done may benefit from implementation of tenderness classification in conjunction with USDA quality grade.  (+info)

(6/209) Dual-component video image analysis system (VIASCAN) as a predictor of beef carcass red meat yield percentage and for augmenting application of USDA yield grades.

An improved ability to quantify differences in the fabrication yields of beef carcasses would facilitate the application of value-based marketing. This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of the Dual-Component Australian VIASCAN to 1) predict fabricated beef subprimal yields as a percentage of carcass weight at each of three fat-trim levels and 2) augment USDA yield grading, thereby improving accuracy of grade placement. Steer and heifer carcasses (n = 240) were evaluated using VIASCAN, as well as by USDA expert and online graders, before fabrication of carcasses to each of three fat-trim levels. Expert yield grade (YG), online YG, VIASCAN estimates, and VIASCAN estimated ribeye area used to augment actual and expert grader estimates of the remaining YG factors (adjusted fat thickness, percentage of kidney-pelvic-heart fat, and hot carcass weight), respectively, 1) accounted for 51, 37, 46, and 55% of the variation in fabricated yields of commodity-trimmed subprimals, 2) accounted for 74, 54, 66, and 75% of the variation in fabricated yields of closely trimmed subprimals, and 3) accounted for 74, 54, 71, and 75% of the variation in fabricated yields of very closely trimmed subprimals. The VIASCAN system predicted fabrication yields more accurately than current online yield grading and, when certain VIASCAN-measured traits were combined with some USDA yield grade factors in an augmentation system, the accuracy of cutability prediction was improved, at packing plant line speeds, to a level matching that of expert graders applying grades at a comfortable rate.  (+info)

(7/209) Food irradiation: a public health opportunity.

Public health scientists have had an interest in food irradiation for a hundred years and more. The first investigations occurred within a few years of the discovery of x-ray and short wavelength by the German physicist Roentgen, in 1895. German and French scientists carried on studies on pasteurization of food by radiation until 1914 and the war years. The problem was an unacceptable taste following irradiation. In 1921, the x-ray was reported by the scientists of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to be effective in killing Trichinella cysts in pork and that it could kill disease-causing organisms and halt food spoilage.  (+info)

(8/209) Using live estimates and ultrasound measurements to predict beef carcass cutability.

Commercial slaughter steers (n = 329) and heifers (n = 335) were selected to vary in frame size, muscle score, and carcass fat thickness to study the effectiveness of live evaluation and ultrasound as predictors of carcass composition. Three trained personnel evaluated cattle for frame size, muscle score, fat thickness, longissimus muscle area, and USDA quality and yield grade. Live and carcass real-time ultrasound measures for 12th-rib fat thickness and longissimus muscle area were taken on a subset of the cattle. At the time of slaughter, carcass ultrasound measures were taken at "chain speed." After USDA grade data were collected, one side of each carcass was fabricated into boneless primals/subprimals and trimmed to .64 cm of external fat. Simple correlation coefficients showed a moderately high positive relationship between 12th rib fat thickness and fat thickness measures obtained from live estimates (r = .70), live ultrasound (r = .81), and carcass ultrasound (r = .73). The association between estimates of longissimus muscle area and carcass longissimus muscle area were significant (P < .001) and were higher for live evaluation (r = .71) than for the ultrasonic measures (live ultrasound, r = .61; carcass ultrasound, r = .55). Three-variable regression equations, developed from the live ultrasound measures, explained 57% of the variation in percentage yield of boneless subprimals, followed by live estimates (R2 = .49) and carcass ultrasound (R2 = .31). Four-variable equations using frame size, muscle score, and selected fat thickness and weight measures explained from 43% to 66% of the variation for the percentage yield of boneless subprimals trimmed to .64 cm. Live ultrasound and(or) live estimates are viable options for assessing carcass composition before slaughter.  (+info)



FSIS


  • The Poultry Products Inspection Act of 1957 (P.L. 85-172, as amended) requires the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) to inspect all domesticated birds when slaughtered and processed into products for human consumption. (govtrack.us)
  • In states that choose to end their inspection program or cannot maintain this standard, FSIS must assume responsibility for inspection within that State. (usda.gov)
  • FSIS does allow under a final rule State-inspected establishments with 25 or fewer employees to ship meat and poultry products in interstate commerce because of a new voluntary cooperative agreement program. (usda.gov)
  • In these efforts to protect the safety and integrity of meat and poultry products, FSIS works with many other agencies, including other agencies within the USDA, State inspection programs, the Food and Drug Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the Environmental Protection Agency . (usda.gov)
  • WASHINGTON, July 24, 2017 - Stefano's Foods, Inc., a Charlotte, N.C. establishment, is recalling approximately 981 pounds of Stromboli products due to misbranding and an undeclared allergen, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced today. (usda.gov)

Agriculture's


  • For a complete list of proper cooking temperatures for foods, see the United States Department of Agriculture's food safety fact sheet . (breastcancer.org)
  • The United States Department of Agriculture's special crop report, due July 12, is expected to show that drought damage to the nation's crops is at least as bad as the commodity markets have anticipated, a leading agribusiness consultant has said. (nytimes.com)
  • To better understand how planet Earth's water cycle works, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the United States Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) awarded grants totaling almost $27 million through the Water Sustainability and Climate program. (nsf.gov)

USDA


  • Look into how much money the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) spent on conservation programs. (ewg.org)
  • The inspection and grading of meat and poultry are two separate programs within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). (usda.gov)

poultry products


  • An Act to provide for the compulsory inspection by the United States Department of Agriculture of poultry and poultry products. (govtrack.us)
  • which inspect meat and poultry products sold only within the State in which they were produced. (usda.gov)
  • The 1967 Wholesome Meat Act and the 1968 Wholesome Poultry Products Act require State inspection programs to be "at least equal to" the Federal inspection program. (usda.gov)
  • Meat and poultry products produced under the program that have been inspected and passed by designated State personnel will bear an official Federal mark of inspection and will be permitted to be distributed in interstate commerce. (usda.gov)

Crops


  • After the recent surge in prices of major crops and uncommon volatility in the commodities markets, the Agriculture Department decided to issue the special report instead of waiting until early August to forecast yields, as it normally does. (nytimes.com)

California


  • California - Eggs laid on or after August 7, 2014 and before August 22, 2014 which originated from or passed through or were processed within the entire state are ineligible. (usda.gov)

Publication


  • Publication info: Champaign, Ill. :State of Illinois, Dept. of Energy and Natural Resources, Natural History Survey Division,. (biodiversitylibrary.org)
  • Publication info: Columbus :Ohio State University,1914. (biodiversitylibrary.org)

zones


  • Within the State, eggs laid outside the zones on or after October 9, 2013, or inside the zones on or after October 9, 2013 but prior to May 31, 2016, or on or after October 14, 2016, are eligible. (usda.gov)

Committee


Food


  • Milk, yogurt, and cheese are rich natural sources of calcium and are the major food contributors of this nutrient to people in the United States [ 1 ]. (nih.gov)
  • Water is a critical component to the success of American agriculture, yet there is a lack of understanding of how climate variability, land use and other environmental factors affect the water supply,' says Sonny Ramaswamy, director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture. (nsf.gov)

Health


  • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center. (jove.com)

Products


  • Note: EWG works hard to ensure the accuracy of the information it provides through its products and services, but obtains data for the Farm Subsidy Database from the U.S. Department of Agriculture pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act. (ewg.org)

official


  • Mr. Schnittker, a former Agriculture Department official, said he bases his estimate on research by his Washington-based organization, John A. Schnittker Associates, which polls farmers as the Agriculture Department does. (nytimes.com)

Arkansas


  • Eggs laid on or after February 10, 2015 but prior to August 28, 2015, which originated from or passed through or are processed or stored in the State of Arkansas are ineligible. (usda.gov)

Division


  • The division of the United States Department of Agriculture that administers and enforces the Animal Welfare Act, including laboratory inspections. (releasechimps.org)