Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Complicity: Association with or participation in an act that is, or is perceived to be, criminal or immoral. One is complicitous when one promotes or unduly benefits from practices or institutions that are morally or legally suspect.Forensic Medicine: The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Capital Punishment: The use of the death penalty for certain crimes.Genocide: The deliberate annihilation of a national, ethnic, or religious group, in part or in whole.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
cesarean debate: Cesarean delivery protects against fecal incontinenceObstetrical care has become a heinous torture that damages women so much they prefer the controlled damage of a cesarean. Sad ...
Legal Theory Blog: Bloche on Empirical Research on the Efficacy of Torture... has posted Toward a Science of Torture? (Texas Law Review, Forthcoming) on SSRN. Here is the abstract: Does torture ... Torture's foes typically dismiss this claim as false to the point of fraud-fortuitous coincidence with torture's unlawfulness. ... 1) America's post-9/11 torture program wrecked lives, and. (2) torture has wide appeal, as symbolic riposte to the ... Bloche on Empirical Research on the Efficacy of Torture. M. Gregg Bloche (Georgetown University Law Center) has posted Toward a ...
DAVID-BAPTISTE CHIROT: Reviews: GAVISCON ANTACID, EXTRA STRENGTH, CHERRY, CHEWABLE TABLETS, 100 CHEWABLE TABLETS (PACK OF 2)... then waterboarding is a means of torture. The predecessor terms for its various forms are water torture, water cure and water ... flickr: DEATH FROM THIS WINDOW/DOORS OF GUANTANAMO--Essays, Links, Video-- US use of Torture. Cinema of Catharsis. ... If the word torture, rooted in the Latin for "twist," means anything (and it means "the deliberate infliction of excruciating ... Deportation Case Focuses on Definition of Torture. By NINA BERNSTEIN. A case before a federal court of appeals has linked the ...
Electronic Village: Family of Robert Mitchell Call for End to Taser Torture... friends and anti-brutality advocates assembled yesterday for a peaceful march they hope will change taser torture policies in ...
To Scapula: Alphabetical: T - IntraText CT2 torture 1 tortures 1 tract 1 traitors 1 treason 1 treason-tainted 1 treated 1 tremble 1 trespass 1 troubles 2 true 2 truth 1 ...
Tekoah Details Syrian Mistreatment of Israeli Prisoners of War | Jewish Telegraphic AgencyThe names of others were given in incidents of murder torture and brutality. Appended to the document submitted to Waldheim was ... Electric shock, particularly applied to the genitals, was a favored form of torture used by the Syrians according to cases ... torture, degradation and other cruelties practiced against Israeli soldiers and airmen on the battlefield and in prisons after ... cited under the heading "torture." In addition, "the Syrians, interrogators and jailers alike, delighted in pressing burning ...
U.S. Torture Program Constituted Illegal, Unethical Human Experimentation | Isenberg Institute of Strategic Satire"The CIA torture program was based on the unproven theory that torture could produce compliance and ultimately assist with ... "Because their torture tactics were wholly unproven - even the CIA previously said torture was counterproductive - Mitchell, ... Jessen, and nameless others used observations during torture to formulate clinical procedures to modify subsequent torture ... U.S. Torture Program Constituted Illegal, Unethical Human Experimentation. Posted on June 22, 2017 by ...
Blood Defecation - Torture Rape and Kill | Free Metal Albums1.Depresi Jiwa 2.Mati Nurani 3.Sistemmati Globalisasi 4.Tertindas 5.Torture Rape and Kill DOWNLOAD(direct link) Soundcloud ...
Cock and Ball Torture - WikipediaSobre Cock and Ball Torture Esta obra contiene una traducción derivada de Cock and Ball Torture de Wikipedia en inglés, ... Cock and Ball Torture (también conocida como 'CBT') es una banda alemana de pornogrind, formada por los miembros de Carnal Tomb ...
Torture at Angola Prison | Dissident VoiceThe torture of prisoners in US custody is not only found in military prisons in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo. If President ... The torture of prisoners in US custody is not only found in military prisons in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo. If President ... Once we say that abuse or torture is ok against prisoners, the next step is for it to be used in the wider population. A recent ... Torture at Angola Prison. President Obama promises to close Guantanamo, but a court proceeding in Louisiana exposes brutality ...
Torture victims seen in Zimbabwe - Washington Times... beatings and wounds received during torture sessions by youth militia and aging veterans loyal to President Robert Mugabe. ... beatings and wounds received during torture sessions by youth militia and aging veterans loyal to President Robert Mugabe. ...
Dan Froomkin - Torture, ContinuedHow the United States became associated with torture is not just a matter of historical interest. And that's all the more clear ... Talking About Torture; Torture, By Any Other Name; and my July 23 column, Do We Torture? ... This country does not torture,' [Perino] told reporters. "It is a policy of the United States that we do not torture and we do ... Torture, Continued. By Dan Froomkin. Special to washingtonpost.com. Thursday, October 4, 2007 1:42 PM How the United States ...
Yesterday 's Lies: James Stewart survives torture in LA County jail - hypothermia, food deprivation, raw human sewageJames Stewart survives torture in LA County jail - hypothermia, food deprivation, raw human sewage ... This behavior openly mimics that of Gitmo guards who took pictures gloating over their torture and murder of prisoners of war. ... from NaturalNews.com reveals the shocking TORTURE of a 65-year-old "milk man" in California. Details from the interview include ... This was apparently a deliberate attempt to subject an individual to drawn-out torture without legal representation and make ...
Electric shock - WikipediaTorture. Electric shocks are used as a method of torture, since the received voltage and current can be controlled with ... Technological Invention and Diffusion of Torture Equipment The Strange Case of Electric Torture Instruments in the Early 20th ... Army is known to have used electrical torture during World War II and during the Algerian War electrical torture was a ... Electrical torture has been used in war and by repressive regimes since the 1930s: The U.S. ...
Dan Froomkin - Torture, Continued - washingtonpost.comHow the United States became associated with torture is not just a matter of historical interest. And that's all the more clear ... How the United States became associated with torture is not just a matter of historical interest. And that's all the more clear ... Bush shuts down discussion by declaring that "we don't torture" -- yet he won't even say how he defines the term. ... Scott Shane, David Johnston and James Risen write in the New York Times: 'When the Justice Department publicly declared torture ...
DAVID-BAPTISTE CHIROT: Reviews: MEMBER=?UTF-8?B?4oCZ?=S MARK HYDROCORTISONE CREAM 1%, 2-OUNCE REVIEWS... then waterboarding is a means of torture. The predecessor terms for its various forms are water torture, water cure and water ... flickr: DEATH FROM THIS WINDOW/DOORS OF GUANTANAMO--Essays, Links, Video-- US use of Torture. Cinema of Catharsis. ... If the word torture, rooted in the Latin for "twist," means anything (and it means "the deliberate infliction of excruciating ... Deportation Case Focuses on Definition of Torture. By NINA BERNSTEIN. A case before a federal court of appeals has linked the ...
Obama on Torture - Mother JonesObama has obviously seen all the internal reports by now, and he's carefully not saying that waterboarding didn't work. This suggests that it may indeed have produced useful information.. Now there's a followup question directly asking whether waterboarding produced anything useful. He's dodging a little bit (reports are classified, can't discuss it, etc. etc.), but making it sound as if it probably did. On the other hand, after a bit of throat clearing toward the end of his answer, he says he's seen nothing that "would make me second-guess the decision that I've made" to ban waterboarding. Which might suggest either that waterboarding produced only moderate amounts of useful information, or that he's convinced we could have gotten the same information with other methods.. Not sure what to make of all that, or even if I'm interpreting it correctly. Just passing it along.. ...
New Details of Torture Allegations Spark New DebateDanner - who is the author of the book, Torture and Truth - says the allegations were made to the ICRC after the men were ... They serve as official confirmation of what we have known for some time, which is that torture did take place and we know ... New grim details have emerged of torture allegations made by high-profile detainees held by the CIA at secret locations outside ... The report concluded that this described activity 'constitutes torture' and that it also constitutes 'cruel, inhumane and ...
Talking About TortureWith its focus on terrorism and torture, your novel touches on what's considered a great moral failing of the Bush ... What's coming next, now that you've considered torture, revenge, religious turmoil and Lucifer in your seven books? ...
Phillies' offense: TortureGiants baseball: Torture'' was a tongue-in-cheek description by announce Duane Kuiper that became the team's rallying cry. But ... Phillies' offense: Torture Updated: October 23, 2010 - 11:43 PM EDT * ...
Professionals Against Torture.Since the recent CIA document dump failed to prove Cheney's claims about torture having "saved American lives," his biographer ... Krulak and Hoar joint a number of military and law enforcement professionals who have denounced torture, including FBI ... Hoar took to the op-ed pages on September 11th to denounce torture as policy:. But we never imagined that we would feel duty- ... the most significant of which is its success in persuading one of America's major political parties to embrace torture. Al ...
Torture | Videos | Break.comWatch Torture videos and then jump to the homepage to watch the funniest and most amazing videos selected by our editors ...
The plain meaning of torture.It leads, over the next three paragraphs, to his claim that for torture to in fact be torture requires a specific intent to ... "The key statutory phrase in the definition of torture is the statement that acts amount to torture if they cause 'severe ... But something odd happened to the PMR in the memorandum on torture that Attorney General Gonzales, as White House Counsel, ... Even Abu Ghraib doesn't make it to torture under this definition.. Bybee gives us Humpty Dumpty literary interpretation, styled ...
Program for Torture VictimsHuman rights abuses in the Vietnamese cashew industry: Vietnam is known as the world's largest cashew nut exporter with 37 per cent sharehttp://business.timesonline.Al-Waleed (camp): Al-Waleed () is a makeshift Palestinian refugee camp in Iraq, near the border with Syria and the al-Tanf Crossing, and not far from the border with Jordan. It was set up in 2006 by Palestinian refugees stranded at the Iraqi-Syrian border The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has two field staff stationed in the camp.British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal: The British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal is a quasi-judicial human rights body in British Columbia, Canada. It was established under the British Columbia Human Rights Code.Complicity (novel): Complicity is a novel by Scottish author Iain Banks. It was published in 1993.Fredric Rieders: Fredric Rieders (July 9, 1922 – November 26, 2005) was an internationally renowned forensic toxicologist. He was born in Vienna, Austria.List of military conflicts spanning multiple wars: Early histories of a war typically describe the war as it was declared by the states involved. It is not uncommon for later historians to group together a series of wars over a long period or spread over several theaters as part of a broader conflict or strategic campaign.Capital punishment in Taiwan: Capital punishment is a legal form of punishment in the Republic of China, a country with effective jurisdiction over the island of Taiwan and the Pescadores, as well as Kinmen, Wuchiu, the Matsu Islands, the Pratas Islands and Itu Aba, and--before 1949--over the Chinese mainland.Unlimited Genocide: Unlimited Genocide is an anarcho-punk split-album, by the band Oi Polloi and A.O.Talking CCTV: Talking CCTV is a CCTV surveillance camera that is equipped with a speaker to allow an operator to speak to the people at the CCTV-monitored site.Ramush HaradinajOneirology: Oneirology (; from Greek [oneiron, "dream"; and -λογία], ["the study of") is the scientific study of [[dream]s. Current research seeks correlations between dreaming and current knowledge about the functions of the brain, as well as understanding of how the brain works during dreaming as pertains to memory formation and mental disorders.
(1/107) Survivors of torture in a general medical setting: how often have patients been tortured, and how often is it missed?
OBJECTIVES: To measure the frequency of people reporting torture among patients in a medical outpatient clinic and to determine primary care physicians' awareness of their patients' exposure to torture. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey followed by selected in-depth interviews of participants reporting a history of torture. Medical record review and interview of torture survivors' primary care physicians. SETTING: The internal medicine clinic of a large, urban medical center. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 121 adult patients who were not born in the United States and who were attending the adult ambulatory care clinic. INTERVENTIONS: All participants were interviewed using the Detection of Torture Survivors Survey, a validated instrument that asks about exposure to torture according to the World Medical Association definition of torture. Participants who reported a history of torture were interviewed in depth to confirm that they had been tortured. We reviewed the medical records of participants who reported a history of torture and interviewed their primary care physicians. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported history of torture. The awareness of primary care physicians of this history. RESULTS: Eight of 121 participants (6.6% [95% confidence interval: 3.1%-13.1%]) reported a history of torture. None of the survivors of torture had been identified as such by their primary care physician. CONCLUSIONS: Physicians of patients who have not been born in the United States and who attend urban general medical clinics frequently are unaware that their patients are survivors of torture. Primary care physicians can be the locus of intervention in the care of torture survivors. The first step is for physicians to recognize the possibility of torture survivors among their patients. (+info)
(2/107) The role of the pathologist in human rights abuses.
The objective and unbiased statement is much valued in international work against human rights abuses. Pathologists play an increasingly important role. In this article, this role is illustrated by examples and the international set of rules is described. It is emphasised that under no circumstances should physicians assist in procedures, such as torture, which can weaken a human being. There is ongoing research into the sequelae of torture, both by gross and microscopic examination and in the living and dead victims. (+info)
(3/107) Stressor characteristics and post-traumatic stress disorder symptom dimensions in war victims.
AIM: To evaluate how the type of trauma is related to specific symptom patterns in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. METHODS: A total of 136 PTSD patients exposed to war-related traumatic experiences were divided in four groups: 79 veterans, 18 former prisoners (who witnessed or were subject to torture or frequent assaults), 15 victims of rape, and 24 refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Each group was homogenous in regard to traumatic experiences. RESULTS: Significant inter-group differences were found in symptoms listed in the DSM-IV criteria, and under criteria C (avoidance) and D (arousal). No such differences were observed in symptoms listed under criterion B (intrusive symptoms). The results indicate that stressor characteristics may play a role not only in the variety of symptoms exhibited, but particularly in the number of avoidance and arousal symptoms. Victims of rape tended to present with more avoidance symptoms and fewer hyperarousal symptoms, whereas former prisoners and veterans tended to report more hyperarousal symptoms. Rape victims and former prisoners also reported more symptoms than the other groups. CONCLUSION: There is a strong indication that stressor characteristics influence the variety and number of exhibited intrusive, avoidance, and arousal symptoms. More research is needed to precisely define individual symptom dimensions possibly relating to particular stressor characteristics. Additional studies are needed to determine whether PTSD, as it is currently defined in the DSM-IV, is really a homogenous diagnostic category. (+info)
(4/107) Changes of cytolytic cells and perforin expression in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder.
AIM: To define phenotypic characteristics of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and natural killer cells (NK) in peripheral blood, frequency of somatic symptoms, and level of anxiety and depression in 25 patients clinically diagnosed with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Patients were divided into two sub-groups according to the stressor: 18 PTSD patients with the battlefield experience and 7 PTSD patients with battlefield experience who were tortured as the prisoners of war (POW) in Bosnian-Serbian camps. The control group consisted of 15 healthy volunteers matched to the patients by sex and age. We tested all patients using Becks depression inventory, Spielberger anxiety test, and somatic disturbance list, and analyzed their peripheral blood lymphocytes using flow cytometry with the double fluorescence staining of cell surface antigens (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD16, and CD56) and intracellular cytolytic molecule perforin (P), a mediator of cytolytic action at the molecular level. RESULTS: All PTSD patients showed a significant level of anxiety, depression, and numerous somatic symptoms. The only significant difference between PTSD patients with and without POW experience was in the anxiety level (median, 71; range 61-79; vs median, 65; range, 49-77). PTSD patients with POW experience had significantly higher levels of CD16+ cells (median, 37%; range, 16-55%) than those without it (median, 12%; range, 5-37%). Double labeling for intracellular P antigen and cell surface antigens showed the highest levels of CD16+P+ (median, 33%; range, 15-40%; vs median, 10%; range, 3-29%) and CD56+P+ (median, 21%; range, 11-40%; vs median 8%; range, 1-30%) cells in PTSD-POW patients. CONCLUSION: Chronic PTSD patients who survived concentration camps show the most numerous alterations in PBL phenotype, the highest number of perforin-containing cells, and a significantly higher level of anxiety. (+info)
(5/107) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Torture and the Medical Profession.
... The main topic of this publication is the involvement of professional medical doctors in the course of torture in, generally speaking, the following ways: 1. Medical scientific knowledge and experience is used in the design of the methods and techniques of torture, for example pharmacological torture; 2. Doctors teach the torturers/perpetrators regarding the practical application of these methods; 3. Doctors actively participate in carrying out torture and in executions in relation to the death penalty; 4. Doctors are present -- "passive" -- during the implementation of torture (in more than sixty per cent of cases) for example monitoring the clinical condition of the victim in order to prevent death; are present when the death sentence is carried out, and then write out death certificates. Many of these are later shown by forensic documentation to be false.... This supplement is based on an international symposium, Torture and the Medical Profession, which was held at the University of Tromso in June 1990.... (+info)
(6/107) Annual report of Council, 1983-1984: medical ethics.
(7/107) Annual report of Council, 1985-1986: medical ethics.
ersonal view: (+info)
- Scott Shane, David Johnston and James Risen write in the New York Times: 'When the Justice Department publicly declared torture 'abhorrent' in a legal opinion in December 2004, the Bush administration appeared to have abandoned its assertion of nearly unlimited presidential authority to order brutal interrogations. (washingtonpost.com)
- As The New York Times reported, the Bush administration Justice Department issued a directive in 2004 "banning torture as 'abhorrent,," only to reverse itself a few months later. (theweek.com)
- Prior to joining OSJI, she was a Staff Attorney at the ACLU's Immigrants' Rights Project, where she litigated cases relating to the torture of prisoners held in U.S. custody abroad, the government's use of diplomatic assurances to return individuals to countries known to employ torture, the indefinite and mandatory detention of immigrants, and post 9/11 discrimination against immigrants. (aclu.org)
- The torture of prisoners in US custody is not only found in military prisons in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo. (dissidentvoice.org)
- Lara Jakes Jordan writes for the Associated Press this morning that White House Press Secretary Dana Perino 'denied reports that a secret Justice Department opinion in 2005 cleared the way for the return of painful interrogation tactics or superseded U.S. anti-torture law. (washingtonpost.com)
- Bush administration officials said none of the documents signed off on anything that violated anti-torture laws. (theweek.com)
- When is interrogation torture? (theweek.com)
- Five prisoners - including Mathis - were charged with murder, and currently are on trial, facing the death penalty - partially based on testimony from other inmates that was obtained through beatings and torture. (dissidentvoice.org)
- Bush shuts down discussion by declaring that "we don't torture" -- yet he won't even say how he defines the term. (washingtonpost.com)
- But this slide into medical usage allows Bybee to come up with his interpretation of choice: that the "severe pain" that defines torture must involve damage that rises "to the level of death, organ failure, or the permanent impairment of a significant body function. (slate.com)
- But something odd happened to the PMR in the memorandum on torture that Attorney General Gonzales, as White House Counsel, solicited from the Office of Legal Counsel in the Justice Department he now heads. (slate.com)
- With its focus on terrorism and torture, your novel touches on what's considered a great moral failing of the Bush administration. (publishersweekly.com)
- This government does not torture people," President Bush said Friday. (theweek.com)
- I'd also like to hear each of the Democratic candidates tell us whether or not they promise to repudiate all secret Bush administration memorandums on torture and detention during their first day in office. (theweek.com)
- The key statutory phrase in the definition of torture is the statement that acts amount to torture if they cause 'severe physical or mental pain or suffering. (slate.com)
- This country does not torture,' [Perino] told reporters. (washingtonpost.com)
- And yet Cheney and others who orchestrated America's disastrous trip to "the dark side'' continue to assert -- against all evidence -- that torture "worked'' and that our country is better off for having gone there. (prospect.org)
- It leads, over the next three paragraphs, to his claim that for torture to in fact be torture requires a specific intent to cause prolonged mental harm by one of the acts listed in the statute, and a defendant's good-faith belief that the acts he or she committed would not amount to the acts forbidden by the statute would conveniently constitute a "complete defense to such a charge. (slate.com)
- When it comes to torture, they've made great progress. (prospect.org)
- It is a policy of the United States that we do not torture and we do not. (washingtonpost.com)
- Dar es Salaam - Tanzania's President Jakaya Kikwete denied any government involvement in the kidnap and torture of Steven Ulimboka, the leader of a medical group coordinating a doctors' strike, and urged doctors to go back to work. (news24.com)
- Singh is co-author (with Jameel Jaffer) of Administration of Torture: A Documentary Record from Washington to Abu Ghraib and Beyond (Columbia University Press 2007). (aclu.org)
- Krulak and Hoar joint a number of military and law enforcement professionals who have denounced torture, including FBI interrogator Ali Soufan and former FBI special agent and counterintelligence expert Asha Rangappa . (prospect.org)
- Jameel Jaffer and Amrit Singh draw the connection between the policies adopted by senior civilian and military officials and the torture and abuse that took place on the ground. (aclu.org)
- In a remarkable hearing that explored torture practices at Angola, twenty-five inmates testified last summer to facing overwhelming violence in the aftermath of an escape attempt at the prison nearly a decade ago. (dissidentvoice.org)
- This transition suggests to him that "prolonged mental harm" (words not used elsewhere in the U.S. Code) might resemble post-traumatic stress disorder, lasting months or even years, noticed in torture victims. (slate.com)