Torsion Abnormality: An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.Spermatic Cord Torsion: The twisting of the SPERMATIC CORD due to an anatomical abnormality that left the TESTIS mobile and dangling in the SCROTUM. The initial effect of testicular torsion is obstruction of venous return. Depending on the duration and degree of cord rotation, testicular symptoms range from EDEMA to interrupted arterial flow and testicular pain. If blood flow to testis is absent for 4 to 6 h, SPERMATOGENESIS may be permanently lost.Torsion, Mechanical: A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Dystonia Musculorum Deformans: A condition characterized by focal DYSTONIA that progresses to involuntary spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the legs, trunk, arms, and face. The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted. Onset is usually in the first or second decade. Familial patterns of inheritance, primarily autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance, have been identified. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1078)Ovarian Diseases: Pathological processes of the OVARY.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.

*  James R. Porter, MD | Swedish Medical Center Seattle and Issaquah

semen abnormality. *sexually transmitted diseases. *slowing of urinary stream. *spermatic cord torsion ... james roscoe&id=157818

*  Single Mutation Causing Rare Disorders Pinpointed in New Test That Scans All Genes

A sudden, severe pain in the testis may be due to testicular torsion. Testicles inside the scrotum are very sensitive organs. ... It scans images for diagnosis of heart disease and abnormalities.. Testicle Pain - Symptom Evaluation. ...

*  Chordee Repair | West Florida Hospital

Montag S, Palmer L. Abnormalities of penile curvature: chordee and penile torsion. ScientificWorldJournal. 2011;11:1470. ...

*  Clayton B. Brandes, MD | Swedish Medical Center Seattle and Issaquah

abnormalities of the arms. *abnormalities of the hips. *abnormalities of the legs ... clayton b&id=157098

*  Wiley Online Library: Search Results Page

Torsion of the umbilical cord: a North American viewpoint. Equine Veterinary Education. Volume 15, Issue S6, May 2003, Pages: ... Embryonic loss and abnormalities of early pregnancy. Equine Veterinary Education. Volume 12, Issue 2, April 2000, Pages: 88-101 ...

*  LV Mechanics in Mitral and Aortic Valve Diseases | JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging

However, a decrease in LV torsion has been observed in patients with severe AR with mainly a decrease in LV basal rotation. In ... 2010) Myocardial involvement in the hemodynamic abnormalities associated with acute rheumatic fever. J Cardiovasc Dis Res 1:177 ... Some recent studies regarding the assessment of rotation and torsion in VHD are also cited, but their data should be evaluated ... In cases of absence of any LV remodeling, increased pre-load leads to an increase in systolic torsion. However, LV systolic ...

*  Noninfectious Diseases of the GI Tract - Digestive System - Merck Veterinary Manual

... gastric torsion in dogs, and acute intestinal obstruction and displacement of the abomasum in cattle. In noninfectious diseases ... abnormalities of the mucosa that interfere with normal function (eg, gastric ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, villous ...

*  Breast Specialist » Gynaecomastia

Chromosomal abnormalities. Bilateral torsion of testes. Viral infection of testes. What is the treatment for gynaecomastia due ...

*  04/01/2011 - 05/01/2011 | Free Online Medical Powerpoint Presentations Collection eMedical PPT

Gait abnormality, parkinsonian syndrome, generalized dystonic syndrome. Idiopathic Torsion Dystonia (Oppenheim's Dystonia). 8.2 ... chromosomal abnormalities such as Down's syndrome and Edwards syndrome * neurological abnormalities such as anencephaly, which ... Under a microscope the chromosomes are examined for abnormalities. The most common abnormalities detected are Down syndrome ( ... When a boy is left with a single functioning testis it is recommended anchoring it to minimize chances of losing it to torsion ...

*  Bleeding from the breasts. Had hysterectomy for bleeding and ovarian torsion. No lump. Ultrasound showing cyst behind nipple....

Question - Bleeding from the breasts. Had hysterectomy for bleeding and ovarian torsion. No lump. Ultrasound showing cyst behind nipple. Worried. Ask a Doctor about when and why Mammography is advised, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology

*  Acute torsion of uterine remnant leiomyoma with Mayer Rokitansky Küster Hauser syndrome - Fertility Sterility Discussion

Elective surgical removal of uterine remnant leiomyoma for women with MRKH syndrome can prevent the complication of torsion as well as prevent ovarian resection in premenopausal women. Torsion should be considered in the differential diagnosis in a woman with MRKH syndrome and known history of leiomyomas who presents with acute abdomen.. ...

*  China Torsion Testing Machine TNS-S2000 - China Testing Machine, Physical Measuring Meter

China Torsion Testing Machine TNS-S2000, Find details about China Testing Machine, Physical Measuring Meter from Torsion Testing Machine TNS-S2000 - TIME Group Inc.

*  Worst Death: post #1

Worst Death - posted in Bionicle Storyline & Theories: Who had the worst death in the Bionicle story line. Example: The one Mahri Nui matoran flying directly into water preditor.

(1/379) DYT1 mutation in French families with idiopathic torsion dystonia.

A GAG deletion at position 946 in DYT1, one of the genes responsible for autosomal dominant idiopathic torsion dystonia (ITD), has recently been identified. We tested 24 families and six isolated cases with ITD and found 14 individuals from six French families who carried this mutation, indicating that 20% of the affected families carried the DYT1 mutation. Age at onset was always before 20 years (mean, 9+/-4 years). Interestingly, the site of onset was the upper limb in all but one patient. Dystonia was generalized in seven patients and remained focal or segmental in three patients. The absence of common haplotypes among DYT1 families suggests that at least six independent founder mutations have occurred. In addition, one Ashkenazi Jewish family carried the common haplotype described previously in Ashkenazi Jewish patients, but it was absent in the other family. Moreover, the dystonia remained focal in the latter family when compared with the usual generalized phenotype in patients with the common Ashkenazi Jewish haplotype. This indicates that there are at least two founder mutations in this population.  (+info)

(2/379) Acute systematic and variable postural adaptations induced by an orthopaedic shoe lift in control subjects.

A small leg length inequality, either true or functional, can be implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous spinal disorders. The correction of a leg length inequality with the goal of treating a spinal pathology is often achieved with the use of a shoe lift. Little research has focused on the impact of this correction on the three-dimensional (3D) postural organisation. The goal of this study is to quantify in control subjects the 3D postural changes to the pelvis, trunk, scapular belt and head, induced by a shoe lift. The postural geometry of 20 female subjects (X = 22, sigma = 1.2) was evaluated using a motion analysis system for three randomised conditions: control, and right and left shoe lift. Acute postural adaptations were noted for all subjects, principally manifested through the tilt of the pelvis, asymmetric version of the left and right iliac bones, and a lateral shift of the pelvis and scapular belt. The difference in the version of the right and left iliac bones was positively associated with the pelvic tilt. Postural adaptations were noted to vary between subjects for rotation and postero-anterior shift of the pelvis and scapular belt. No notable differences between conditions were noted in the estimation of kyphosis and lordosis. The observed systematic and variable postural adaptations noted in the presence of a shoe lift reflects the unique constraints of the musculoskeletal system. This suggests that the global impact of a shoe lift on a patient's posture should also be considered during treatment. This study provides a basis for comparison of future research involving pathological populations.  (+info)

(3/379) Three-dimensional eye-head coordination during gaze saccades in the primate.

The purpose of this investigation was to describe the neural constraints on three-dimensional (3-D) orientations of the eye in space (Es), head in space (Hs), and eye in head (Eh) during visual fixations in the monkey and the control strategies used to implement these constraints during head-free gaze saccades. Dual scleral search coil signals were used to compute 3-D orientation quaternions, two-dimensional (2-D) direction vectors, and 3-D angular velocity vectors for both the eye and head in three monkeys during the following visual tasks: radial to/from center, repetitive horizontal, nonrepetitive oblique, random (wide 2-D range), and random with pin-hole goggles. Although 2-D gaze direction (of Es) was controlled more tightly than the contributing 2-D Hs and Eh components, the torsional standard deviation of Es was greater (mean 3.55 degrees ) than Hs (3.10 degrees ), which in turn was greater than Eh (1.87 degrees ) during random fixations. Thus the 3-D Es range appeared to be the byproduct of Hs and Eh constraints, resulting in a pseudoplanar Es range that was twisted (in orthogonal coordinates) like the zero torsion range of Fick coordinates. The Hs fixation range was similarly Fick-like, whereas the Eh fixation range was quasiplanar. The latter Eh range was maintained through exquisite saccade/slow phase coordination, i.e., during each head movement, multiple anticipatory saccades drove the eye torsionally out of the planar range such that subsequent slow phases drove the eye back toward the fixation range. The Fick-like Hs constraint was maintained by the following strategies: first, during purely vertical/horizontal movements, the head rotated about constantly oriented axes that closely resembled physical Fick gimbals, i.e., about head-fixed horizontal axes and space-fixed vertical axes, respectively (although in 1 animal, the latter constraint was relaxed during repetitive horizontal movements, allowing for trajectory optimization). However, during large oblique movements, head orientation made transient but dramatic departures from the zero-torsion Fick surface, taking the shortest path between two torsionally eccentric fixation points on the surface. Moreover, in the pin-hole goggle task, the head-orientation range flattened significantly, suggesting a task-dependent default strategy similar to Listing's law. These and previous observations suggest two quasi-independent brain stem circuits: an oculomotor 2-D to 3-D transformation that coordinates anticipatory saccades with slow phases to uphold Listing's law, and a flexible "Fick operator" that selects head motor error; both nested within a dynamic gaze feedback loop.  (+info)

(4/379) Definitive diagnosis of intestinal volvulus in utero.

Midgut volvulus with or without intestinal malrotation can occur in fetal life. Several reports have described congenital midgut volvulus showing non-specific sonographic findings of intestinal obstruction and perforation in utero. None of the previously reported cases, however, were definitively diagnosed as midgut volvulus by fetal sonography. We report two cases both exhibiting the sonographic 'whirlpool' sign, in utero. Color Doppler interrogation provided a clue to the viability of the involved intestinal segment.  (+info)

(5/379) Successful laparoscopic management of adnexal torsion during week 25 of a twin pregnancy.

Adnexal torsion is a rare occurrence during pregnancy. Here we present a case of adnexal torsion during the 25th week of pregnancy, which was managed laparoscopically. The woman had achieved a successful twin pregnancy after in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection. She was admitted to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain. Abdominal ultrasound with colour Doppler mapping of the intra-ovarian blood flow showed adnexal torsion. Laparoscopic management was successfully carried out.  (+info)

(6/379) Dissociated vertical deviation: an exaggerated normal eye movement used to damp cyclovertical latent nystagmus.

PURPOSE: Dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) has eluded explanation for more than a century. The purpose of this study has been to elucidate the etiology and mechanism of DVD. METHODS: Eye movement recordings of six young adults with DVD were made with dual-coil scleral search coils under various conditions of fixation, illumination, and head tilt. Horizontal, vertical, and torsional eye movements were recorded for both eyes simultaneously. Analyses of the simultaneous vertical and torsional movements occurring during the DVD response were used to separate and identify the component vergence and version eye movements involved. RESULTS: Typically, both horizontal and cyclovertical latent nystagmus developed upon occlusion of either eye. A cycloversion then occurred, with the fixing eye intorting and tending to depress, the covered eye extorting and elevating. Simultaneously, upward versions occurred for the maintenance of fixation, consisting variously of saccades and smooth eye movements, leading to further elevation of the eye behind the cover. The cyclovertical component of the latent nystagmus became partially damped as the DVD developed. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with an early-onset defect of binocular function, the occlusion of one eye, or even concentration on fixing with one eye, produces unbalanced input to the vestibular system. This results in latent nystagmus, sometimes seen only with magnification. The cyclovertical component of the latent nystagmus, when present, is similar to normal vestibular nystagmus induced by dynamic head tilting about an oblique axis. Such vestibular nystagmus characteristically produces a hyperdeviation of the eyes. In the case of cyclovertical latent nystagmus, the analogous hyperdeviation will persist unless corrected by a vertical vergence. A normal, oblique-muscle-mediated, cycloversion/vertical vergence is called into play. This occurs in the proper direction to correct the hyperdeviation, but it occurs in an exaggerated form in the absence of binocular vision, probably as a learned response. The cycloversion/vertical vergence helps damp the cyclovertical nystagmus (a cyclovertical "nystagmus block-age" phenomenon), aiding vision in the fixing eye. But this mechanism also produces unavoidable and undesirable elevation and extortion of the fellow eye, which we call DVD.  (+info)

(7/379) Alterations in the local myocardial motion pattern in patients suffering from pressure overload due to aortic stenosis.

BACKGROUND: MR tissue tagging allows the noninvasive assessment of the locally and temporally resolved motion pattern of the left ventricle. Alterations in cardiac torsion and diastolic relaxation of the left ventricle were studied in patients with aortic stenosis and were compared with those of healthy control subjects and championship rowers with physiological volume-overload hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve aortic stenosis patients, 11 healthy control subjects with normal left ventricular function, and 11 world-championship rowers were investigated for systolic and diastolic heart wall motion on a basal and an apical level of the myocardium. Systolic torsion and untwisting during diastole were examined by use of a novel tagging technique (CSPAMM) that provides access to systolic and diastolic motion data. In the healthy heart, the left ventricle performs a systolic wringing motion, with a counterclockwise rotation at the apex and a clockwise rotation at the base. Apical untwisting precedes diastolic filling. In the athlete's heart, torsion and untwisting remain unchanged compared with those of the control subjects. In aortic stenosis patients, torsion is significantly increased and diastolic apical untwisting is prolonged compared with those of control subjects or athletes. CONCLUSIONS: Torsional behavior as observed in pressure- and volume-overloaded hearts is consistent with current theoretical findings. A delayed diastolic untwisting in the pressure-overloaded hearts of the patients may contribute to a tendency toward diastolic dysfunction.  (+info)

(8/379) Laparoscopic diagnosis and management of ovarian torsion in the newborn.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The application of laparoscopic techniques in the surgical management of neonatal ovarian cysts is proving valuable both as a diagnostic tool and a potential therapeutic intervention. We report the successful management of a prenatally diagnosed ovarian cyst in a newborn female and provide operative evidence for the presumptive etiology of the cyst. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prenatally diagnosed ovarian cyst was managed using 5 mm laparoscopic instruments in a newborn female. The prenatal ultrasonographic and operative findings are consistent with in utero adnexal torsion with subsequent autoamputation and cystic degeneration of the ovary. The orphaned ovarian cyst was removed from the infant's abdominal cavity by enlarging the camera port incision. DISCUSSION: The application of laparoendoscopic procedures in infants and children continues to evolve with the availability, of microinstrumentation and increasing experience among pediatric surgeons. This approach may prove valuable in the diagnosis and management of prenatally diagnosed ovarian cysts. In addition, further insight into the etiology of congenital ovarian cysts may be obtained. The safety and efficacy of this approach in these infants remains to be fully evaluated.  (+info)


  • Tibial torsion , the most common cause of in-toeing, occurs when the lower leg bone (tibia) tilts inward. (
  • Any type of torsion of the bones, like tibial torsion (twist of the shin or knee), can cause the condition to worsen. (


  • However, the most common complication is testicular torsion , where the spermatic cord twists and cuts off the blood supply to the testicle. (


  • Ovarian torsion restricts blood supply to the ovary triggering ovarian necrosis or death of the ovarian tissues. (
  • If left untreated, ovarian torsion can have serious medical ramifications. (
  • Between the left and right ovaries, it is the right side that commonly suffers from ovarian torsion because the sigmoid colon restricts the mobility of the left ovary. (
  • Ovarian torsion accounts for about 3% of gynecological emergencies . (
  • Although ovarian torsion can occur in any age group, it is much more common in women of who are in their childbearing years where about 70-75% occurs in females under 30 years old. (
  • 20-25% of all cases of ovarian torsions occur during pregnancy with the greatest risk occurring in the first trimester and immediately postpartum. (
  • For pre-pubertal patients, the risk of ovarian torsion is increased with the presence of congenital development abnormalities like malformed and elongated fallopian tubes. (
  • Like ovarian torsion, this can also affect fertility which may lead to possible infertility. (


  • Similarly, women who have undergone previous pelvic surgery, particularly tubal ligation, tend to have adhesions to surrounding tissue opening the ovary to potentially twist around it which then results in torsion. (
  • Torsion-Testicles twist enough so that they cut off the blood flow to the testes. (



  • The causes are uncertain in several diseases, including abomasal ulcers in cattle, gastric ulcers in pigs and foals, gastric torsion in dogs, and acute intestinal obstruction and displacement of the abomasum in cattle. (
  • Patient's symptoms and clinical findings indicated acute appendicitis, though ultrasonography didn't show any significant abnormality. (


  • For a small number of kids, gait abnormalities can be associated with other problems. (


  • Through diagnostic laparoscopy we found that there was torsion of anterior abdominal wall parietal peritoneal pedunculated lipoma located in RIF region. (


  • The advent of novel tissue-tracking echocardiography techniques has unleashed new opportunities for the clinical identification of early abnormalities in LV function. (


  • Despite most recorded torsion cases happening in pre-menopausal women of childbearing age, up to 17% of cases also affect pre-pubertal and postmenopausal females. (


  • Growth abnormalities, trauma, or disease can cause a child to remain bowlegged for years beyond infancy. (


  • This usually makes it easy to see if the gait abnormality has improved over time. (


  • Studies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. (