Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Propaganda: The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Consumer Product SafetyConflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Ethics, Business: The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.United StatesTobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Menthol: An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Consumer Organizations: Organized groups of users of goods and services.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Consultants: Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.Commonwealth of Independent StatesCharities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Ventilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Product Line Management: Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.Tars: Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.RestaurantsMarketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Tobacco Use: Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.SmokeAerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Flavoring Agents: Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Organizational Affiliation: Formal relationships established between otherwise independent organizations. These include affiliation agreements, interlocking boards, common controls, hospital medical school affiliations, etc.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.CaliforniaCongresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Compensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)ArgentinaWorld Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.MinnesotaMotivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

*  Tobacco industry statements in the US Department of Justice lawsuit | Tobacco Control

... through tobacco blending, use of reconstituted tobacco, expanded tobacco and reduced tobacco weight. Brown & Williamson has ... Testimony before the House Committee on Commerce, Hearings on The Tobacco Settlement: Views of Tobacco Industry Executives. ... tobacco industry now consistently tells the truth on key scientific and corporate issues. A test of the industry's commitment ... Williamson Tobacco Corporation calls itself a "responsible company in a controversial industry".3 British American Tobacco ( ...
tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/12/1/94?ijkey=1dd1550904b185c981c48a0b98648480d078e677&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

*  The Politics of Tobacco Control: The U.S. Tobacco Industry in 1996

... Case Number: 5-304-510, Year Published: 2006 ... The case describes the history of the tobacco industry and its emergence as an extremely effective marketer and non-market ... After years of success, both publicly and politically, the leaders of the tobacco industry are faced with mounting political ... The leaders face an industry-wide strategic decision of whether to acquiesce to government demands in exchange for immunity, ...
kellogg.northwestern.edu/kellogg-case-publishing/case-search/case-detail.aspx?caseid={3303CE57-01B1-414B-BBF3-C3744D3E85A6}

*  Category:Tobacco industry - SourceWatch

The 'tobacco industry category includes tobacco companies and both profiles and case studies of organizations that have worked ... Pages in category "Tobacco industry". The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 371 total. ... Retrieved from "https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Category:Tobacco_industry&oldid=146980" ... Citizens for a Sound Economy/CSE huffs and puffs with Big Tobacco ... Tobacco industry defendants. *Tobacco industry defense strategy ...
https://sourcewatch.org/index.php/Category:Tobacco_industry

*  The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary: July 2009

Yes, the bipolar tobacco industry, which pretends it wants you to stop smoking even as it invents new ways to keep people ... Tobacco-specific nitrosamines in new tobacco products. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2006; 8:309-313.. 2. For the previous ... Tobacco-specific nitrosamines in new tobacco products. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2006; 8:309-313. (Link) ... Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids: Tobacco Cigarettes. American Lung Association: Tobacco Cigarettes. American Heart Association: ...
tobaccoanalysis.blogspot.co.il/2009_07_01_archive.html

*  Plain Tobacco Packs Awaken a Sleeping Tobacco Industry | HuffPost UK

Tobacco kills one in two of its long-term users. The tobacco industry's current undisguised panic shows that plain packs will ... The industry always knew tobacco killed, but had lied about it for decades. Their marketing divisions had underlined the vital ... After more than 15 years, the tobacco industry dodo is back and walking among us, attempting to fly. Australia's pioneering ... The University of California's Stan Glantz once remarked that those who lead the tobacco industry are like cockroaches: "They ...
huffingtonpost.co.uk/simon-chapman/plain-tobacco-packs_b_1499203.html?ref=health-news&ir=Health News

*  Election Highlights for Tobacco Industry - Barron's

... is a big win for tobacco, says Credit Suisse. ... Election Highlights for Tobacco Industry. The defeat of ... is a big win for the tobacco industry.. Given the magnitude of the proposed tax increase in California, approval of the measure ... Proposition 86 in California, which called for a $2.60 increase in state excise taxes, is a big win for tobacco, says Credit ... would have been negative for the industry, in particular for Reynolds American and UST which had... ...
barrons.com/articles/SB116294509650616309

*  British American Tobacco - Our Next Generation Products business

Our industryChallenges and opportunities. *. How we workFrom crop to consumer ... British American Tobacco - Our Next Generation Products business. Quick Navigation. Jump to content ... Traditional tobacco continues to be the mainstay of our business, but we also see huge potential in Next Generation Products, ... Our Tobacco Heating Product range includes iFuse - launched in Romania in 2015 - and glo, which we launched in Japan in ...
bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOA89DQ4

*  Team thwarts tobacco industry interference in Uganda

... is a civil society alliance whose mission is to help develop and implement the FCTC as the basis for effective global tobacco ... A specially trained team of tobacco control advocates has prevented the tobacco industry from getting a suggested tobacco tax ... Tobacco control successes. Tobacco control. and the SDGs. Help governments make tobacco control a priority for the Sustainable ... The Framework Convention Alliance for Tobacco Control Search.... Civil society working toward a world free from the devastating ...
fctc.org/fca-news/global-tobacco-control-success-stories/1104-team-thwarts-tobacco-industry-interference-in-uganda

*  Tobacco Industry - Wikipedia

Tobacco Industry - documentario del 1911 prodotto dalla Lubin Manufacturing Company Tobacco Industry - documentario del 1914 ...
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobacco_Industry

*  Respiratory Decade: October 2013

... the tobacco industry only when and to the extent strictly necessary to enable them to effectively regulate the tobacco industry ... The postponement of the vote is widely believed to be part of a tobacco industry strategy to delay, weaken or even derail the ... We are writing to express our very deep concerns regarding the attempts by the tobacco industry lobby to derail vital public ... It also recognises that the tobacco industry has, for decades, been working tirelessly to delay, block, and weaken life-saving ...
respiratorydecade.blogspot.com/2013/10/

*  AAFP Demands Answers From FDA About New Tobacco Products

... organizations want to know what the FDA plans to do about the serious public health concern posed by a slew of new tobacco ... Don't Exempt Tobacco Products From FDA Review, AAFP Urges. Academy, Chapters Push House Leaders to Oppose Industry-friendly ... AAFP Demands Answers From FDA About New Tobacco Products March 14, 2016 01:45 pm Jill Sederstrom - Read more recent AAFP News ... snuff and other tobacco products are filling store shelves despite a law meant to prevent the introduction of new tobacco ...
aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20160314tobaccoletter.html

*  PPT - The Indian Tobacco Control Act: A Public Health Imperative PowerPoint Presentation - ID:246959

1 tobacco related death every 6 seconds. WHAT IS AT STAKE?. = 10 million annual deaths by 2030. Slideshow 246959 by opal ... The Indian Tobacco Control Act: A Public Health Imperative. Dr. K.S. Reddy Hony Executive Director, HRIDAY. CIGARETTE SMOKE ... Brazil: Tobacco Industry Media Campaign against Strong Tobacco Control (2011) -Tobacco control regulations will hurt tobacco ... Tobacco Health Effects and Best Practices in Tobacco Control -Tobacco use: scope of the problem. tobacco use is the leading ...
slideserve.com/opal/the-indian-tobacco-control-act-a-public-health-imperative

*  Articles about Tobacco Industry - tribunedigital-thecourant

Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Tobacco Industry From The tribunedigital-thecourant ... and said she would stop accepting campaign contributions from the tobacco industry. "I will not be accepting tobacco industry ... the tobacco industry is without question one of the most nefarious industries ever allowed in our country. As a member of the ... Make no mistake about the deadly game being played by the tobacco industry and its tobacco promotion ads that are cruel, ...
articles.courant.com/keyword/tobacco-industry

*  State Tobacco Monopoly Administration

China's tobacco industry adopts a system of unified leadership, vertical management and monopolized operation.The State Tobacco ... of the country's tobacco industry.. The China National Tobacco Corporation was founded in January 1982. The State Council ... Currently, the industry covers 33 provincial tobacco monopoly administrations and companies, including those in Shenzhen and ... Since the adoption of the monopolized system, China's tobacco industry, under the leadership of the Central Committee of the ...
gov.cn/english/2005-10/03/content_74295.htm

*  The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary: Anti-Smoking Groups Attack Tobacco Industry Consultants for Failed...

... are attacking two former tobacco industry consultants for failing to disclose their history of funding by the tobacco industry ... Tobacco. Previously, this co-author did conduct tobacco industry-funded studies, which he acknowledged in a 2008 publication. ... This just goes to show that the tobacco industry is still able to unduly influence medical research reporting, even if they are ... While the financial relationships may have ended in the light of the public's disdain for the tobacco industry and the public ...
tobaccoanalysis.blogspot.com/2014/02/anti-smoking-groups-attack-tobacco.html

*  Tobacco industry in Ghana: Business Report 2017

This report is a comprehensive research of tobacco industry in Ghana. The first two chapters of the report feature the country ... This report is a comprehensive research of tobacco industry in Ghana.. The first two chapters of the report feature the country ... Tobacco industry in Antigua and Barbuda: Business Report 2017 US$ 1,160.00 Jan, 2017 · 50 pages ... Please note that Tobacco industry in Ghana: Business Report 2017 is a half ready publication. ...
https://marketpublishers.com/report/consumers_goods/other_cg/tobacco_industry_in_ghana_business_report.html

*  Big Tobacco's Ruse - Mother Jones

... general deal with the tobacco industry "may permit the industry members to discuss pricing arrangements that reach beyond the ... Big Tobacco's Ruse. The industry doth protest too much-in fact the McCain bill is just what they've always wanted.. Russell ... Big Tobacco cannot help but be happy with the McCain bill, which grants the industry a wide array of concessions and ... But it knows the best way to generate support for the bill is to pretend to oppose it-a tobacco industry endorsement would be ...
motherjones.com/politics/1998/05/big-tobaccos-ruse/

*  Public 'do not trust tobacco industry'

A survey suggests that most people do not trust the tobacco industry to present believable arguments when debating issues of ... Just 23 per cent of survey participants said they wanted the government to listen to the tobacco industry when deciding tobacco ... The majority of people do not trust the tobacco industry to engage honestly and openly in the debate about how to reduce ... This mistrust extends to organisations that receive funding from the tobacco industry, according to 62 per cent of respondents. ...
netdoctor.co.uk/healthy-living/news/a23748/public-do-not-trust-tobacco-industry/

*  Double Trouble? Criminal Probes Are Dogging Tobacco Industry - WSJ

A probe of tobacco makers may be about to rev up, after John Keeney was named to help steer the Justice Department's criminal ... Federal prosecutors have also been pursuing a lengthy investigation of the industry, and it may be about to rev up. ...
https://wsj.com/articles/SB900033138122141000

*  Tobacco Industry Misleads Developing Countries Over Regulations | Inter Press Service

"They privatised their tobacco industry (and) they didn't make any promises to the tobacco companies that moved into their ... Tobacco Industry Misleads Developing Countries Over Regulations. By Lyndal Rowlands Reprint , , Print , ,En español ... "If you go back a few decades the Turkish government used to be the tobacco industry in Turkey. They used to be one of the ... The research was compiled in a new monograph titled The Eonomics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control, published jointly by the WHO ...
ipsnews.net/2017/01/tobacco-industry-misleads-developing-countries-over-regulations/

*  Prison Planet.com » Doctors Call Tobacco Industry Terrorist Movement

They said governments must do far more than they have done to control the global tobacco industry, either by raising cigarette ... Now, there's an entire genre of woowoo about homegrown tobacco supposedly being much less deadly than industrial tobacco ... unless governments across the world stamp down on the half-trillion-dollar tobacco industry. ... I'm sure someone is going to blow smoke in the comments about this.) It turns out that homegrown tobacco is, "Not even ...
https://prisonplanet.com/doctors-call-tobacco-industry-terrorist-movement.html

*  WHO | Evolution of the tobacco industry positions on addiction to nicotine

Evolution of the tobacco industry positions on addiction to nicotine ... Evolution of the tobacco industry positions on addiction to nicotine. Authors:. Norbert Hirschhorn, MD ... Over many decades the global tobacco industry has denied in public, in the courts, and before legislatures that smoking was ... Internal industry documents show a radically different reality of what the companies knew, and when. Over the past decade the ...
who.int/tobacco/publications/industry/evolution_tob_ind_pos_add_nicotine/en/

*  Global 3D CAD Industry

5. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY..............II-24 Polar 3D Takes over STEAMtax..............II-24 3D Systems Takes over Cimatron ... 1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW.............. II-1 3D CAD - Expanding the Realms in Design Agility II-1 Outlook.............. II-2 ... II-20 Utility of 3D CAD in Construction Industry Briefings II-20 Significance of CAD in Presentations II-20 Uses of 3D CAD in ... III-11 Recent Industry Activity..............III-12 Key Players.............. III-12 B.Market Analytics..............III-14 ...
prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-3d-cad-industry-300352227.html

*  Oppenheimer Trust Company announces appointment of Hunt Worth as President

Heavy Industry & Manufacturing * All Heavy Industry & Manufacturing Heavy Industry & Manufacturing Overview * Aerospace & ...
prnewswire.com/news-releases/oppenheimer-trust-company-announces-appointment-of-hunt-worth-as-president-100759744.html

*  Types of Societies Essay - 944 Words

60,90 120, 160, 240, 300 & 400 Tobacco Tooth Paste From Tobacco Dust 1/2 Tobacco Creamy snuff (pico) type Tobacco Seed Oil ... Protein Extraction From Tobacco Waste Tobacco Based Tooth Powder PAN MASALA KHAINE (FILTER) PERFUMES FOR FOOD INDUSTRIES WITH ... Chewing Tobacco) Kimam Chewing Tobacco Nicotine from Tobacco Waste Pan Masala Pan Masala, Meetha, Saada, Zarda Making(Gutkha) ... Project Reports Available Betel Nut (Supari) processing Khaini Chewing Tobacco (Raja Type) Pan Masala Darbari Type Khaine ( ...
studymode.com/essays/Types-Of-Societies-147723.html

List of tobacco-related topics: Nicotiana is the genus of herbs and shrubs which is cultivated to produce tobacco products.Treaty of the Bogue: The Treaty of the Bogue () was an unequal treaty between China and the United Kingdom, concluded in October 1843 to supplement the previous Treaty of Nanking. The treaty's key provisions granted extraterritoriality and most favored nation status to Britain.Nicotiana glauca: Nicotiana glauca is a species of wild tobacco known by the common name tree tobacco. Its leaves are attached to the stalk by petioles (many other Nicotiana species have sessile leaves), and its leaves and stems are neither [nor sticky like Nicotiana tabacum].Jane Stewart (executive): Anna Jane Stewart (July 2, 1917 – September 7, 1990), also called Jane Stewart Mapes in the press, was an American public relations executive.Horsley, J.Health marketing: Health marketing is a new approach to public health that applies traditional marketing principles and theories alongside science-based strategies to prevention, health promotion and health protection. Health marketing is one of the ways through which advancements in medicine and in health-protecting services like insurance are made widely known.Westland (Nazi propaganda): This article is about the Nazi propaganda term used for the Netherlands. For other uses, see Westland (disambiguation).Advertising Standards Canada: Advertising Standards Canada (ASC) is the advertising industry's non-profit self-regulating body created in 1957 to ensure the integrity and viability of advertising in Canada. The organization includes over 160 advertisers, advertising agencies, media organizations, and suppliers to the advertising sector.Pocket petThe Other Side of Deception: The Other Side of Deception is a follow-up book to By Way of Deception by Victor Ostrovsky, a former Mossad agent with operational knowledge, plus a bibliography of newspaper articles in support of original book.Smokefree Environments Amendment Act 2003: The Smokefree Environments Amendment Bill was passed by the Parliament of New Zealand on 3 December 2003. The smoking ban legislation calls for progressive introduction of various clauses to totally ban smoking in all workplaces including offices, clubs, pubs, restaurants, airports, schools etc.Persuasions of the Witch's Craft: Persuasion's of the Witches' Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England is a study of several Wiccan and ceremonial magic groups that assembled in southern England during the 1980s. It was written by the American anthropologist Tanya M.FlexirentConsumer Product Safety Act: The Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) was enacted in 1972 by the United States Congress. The act established the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) as an independent agency of the United States federal government and defined its basic authority.Herbal smokeless tobaccoCalifornia Proposition 29 (2012): Proposition 29, the California Cancer Research Act, is a California ballot measure that was defeated by California voters at the statewide election on June 5, 2012.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Premiere Stages: Premiere Stages is a professional equity theater company in residence at Kean University. Their primary goals are the development of new plays and the theatrical education of local youth.Federated Rubber and Allied Workers' Union of Australia: The Federated Rubber and Allied Workers' Union of Australia was an Australian trade union which existed between 1909 and 1988. The union represented workers employed in manufacturing rubber, plastic, cable, adhesive and abrasive products in Australia.Whitehall Study: The original Whitehall Study investigated social determinants of health, specifically the cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality rates among British male civil servants between the ages of 20 and 64. The initial prospective cohort study, the Whitehall I Study, examined over 18,000 male civil servants, and was conducted over a period of ten years, beginning in 1967.Mass media impact on spatial perception: Mass media influences spatial perception through journalistic cartography and spatial bias in news coverage.Australian referendum, 1913 (Trade and Commerce): The Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) 1912 was an Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend Commonwealth legislative power in respect to trade and commerce.Point of care: Clinical point of care is when clinicians deliver healthcare products and services to patients at the time of care.Information at the Point of Care: Answering Clinical Questions.Public opinion on nuclear issues: Public opinion on nuclear issues is the aggregate of attitudes or beliefs held by the adult population concerning nuclear power, nuclear weapons and uranium mining.British American Railway Services: British American Railway Services (BARS) is a British locomotive and spot hire company. It is ultimately owned by Iowa Pacific Holdings.Castleberry's Food Company: Castleberry's Food Company was an Augusta, Georgia-based canned food company founded in the 1920s by Clement Stewart Castleberry with the help of his father Clement Lamar Castleberry and closed permanently in March 2008 by the United States Food and Drug Administration.Prison commissary: A prison commissary or canteen is a store within a correctional facility, from which inmates may purchase products such as hygiene items, snacks, writing instruments, etc. Spices, including those packaged with instant ramen noodles, are a popular item due to the often bland nature of prison food.United States tort law: This article addresses torts in United States law. As such, it covers primarily common law.Expert elicitation: In science, engineering, and research, expert elicitation is the synthesis of opinions of authorities of a subject where there is uncertainty due to insufficient data or when such data is unattainable because of physical constraints or lack of resources. Expert elicitation is essentially a scientific consensus methodology.Pharmaceutical manufacturing: Drug manufacturing is the process of industrial-scale synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs by pharmaceutical companies. The process of drug manufacturing can be broken down into a series of unit operations, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and others.Tobacco cessation clinicHoya Corporation: TOPIX 100 ComponentList of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Adolf MayerCigarette packets in Australia: Cigarette packets in Australia have undergone significant change. Since 1 December 2012 all forms of branding logos, colours, and promotional texts are banned from cigarette pack designs.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Menthol cigarette: A menthol cigarette is a cigarette flavored with the compound menthol, a substance which triggers the cold-sensitive nerves in the skin without actually providing a drop in temperature.Highway engineering: Highway engineering is an engineering discipline branching from civil engineering that involves the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of roads, bridges, and tunnels to ensure safe and effective transportation of people and goods."Highway engineering.Friendship (NGO): Friendship is a French - Bangladeshi non-governmental organization that works with poor and marginalized communities in Bangladesh in remote chars and riverbanks in the North, poorer areas in Northeast, cyclone-prone areas in the South and most recently the hard-to-reach indigenous communities in the coastal belt of the country. It was established in Bangladesh in 2002 to provide basic services to the highly suffering inaccessible areas from climate changes impact.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Scientific misconduct: Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in professional scientific research. A Lancet review on Handling of Scientific Misconduct in Scandinavian countries provides the following sample definitions: (reproduced in The COPE report 1999.Mr. Bartender (It's So Easy): "Mr. Bartender (It's So Easy)" is a song by American rock band Sugar Ray.Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987: The Civil Rights Restoration Act was a U.S.Oxford Computer Consultants: Oxford Computer Consultants has been established for 26 years. The company was founded by Dr John Boyle and Mr Kaz Librowski in 1989, employing over 50 IT professionals and is a Microsoft Gold Certified Partner.France and the Commonwealth of Nations: Relations between France and the Commonwealth of Nations have undergone successive periods of change since the Commonwealth's creation.Lawrence Ting Charity Walk: Lawrence S. Ting Charity Walk is a charity walk event to raise fund for the poor and needy people in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.Exhaust systemMotion Picture Association of America film rating systemState health agency: A state health agency (SHA), or state department of health, is a department or agency of the state governments of the United States focused on public health. The state secretary of health is a constitutional or at times a statutory official in several states of the United States.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Manganin: Manganin is a trademarked name for an alloy of typically 86% copper, 12% manganese, and 2% nickel. It was first developed by Edward Weston in 1892, improving upon his Constantan (1887).Chronic care: Chronic care refers to medical care which addresses pre-existing or long term illness, as opposed to acute care which is concerned with short term or severe illness of brief duration. Chronic medical conditions include asthma, diabetes, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, congestive heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver, hypertension and depression.The Flash ChroniclesTobacco harm reduction: Tobacco harm reduction (THR) is a public health strategy to lower the health risks associated with using nicotine, as an example of the concept of harm reduction, a strategy for dealing with the abuse of other drugs. Smoking tobacco is widely acknowledged as a leading cause of illness and death.Indoor air pollution in developing nations: Indoor air pollution in developing nations is a significant form of indoor air pollution (IAP) that is little known to those in the developed world.International Network of Prison Ministries: The International Network of Prison Ministries (INPM) is a Dallas, Texas based crime prevention and rehabilitation trans-national organization. INPM functions through a website that serves as a clearinghouse for information about various Christian prison ministries.Dion Fortune: Dion Fortune born Violet Mary Firth (6 December 1890 – 8 January 1946), was a prominent British occultist, author, psychologist, teacher, artist, and mystic.Richardson, Alan; "The Magical Life of Dion Fortune", Aquarian Press, 1987, ISBN 1-85538-051-X, p 26.Lights (cigarette type): Cigarettes labeled as “Lights,” “Milds,” or “Low-tar,” are considered to have a “lighter,” less pronounced flavour than regular cigarettes. These cigarette brands may also contain lower levels of tar, nicotine, or other chemicals inhaled by the smoker.Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993: The Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993 (c 50) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.Chapter One (restaurant): Michelin GuidePoundage quota: A poundage quota, also called a marketing quota, is a quantitative limit on the amount of a commodity that can be marketed under the provisions of a permanent law. Once a common feature of price support programs, this supply control mechanism ended with the quota buyouts for peanuts in 2002 and tobacco in 2004.Nicotine replacement therapySocial marketing: Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviors that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good. It seeks to integrate research, best practice, theory, audience and partnership insight, to inform the delivery of competition sensitive and segmented social change programs that are effective, efficient, equitable and sustainable.Animals and tobacco smoke: Animals are exposed to tobacco smoke and other cigarette by-products through their use as experimental subjects and through contact with smokers, as in the case of pets in houses where smoking takes place.List of Royal Air Force aircraft independent flights: This is a list of Royal Air Force independent Flights. An independent Flight is a military administrative structure which is used to command flying units where the number of aircraft is not large enough to warrant a fully fledged squadron.Tidewater (marine services)Congress Mine: The Congress Mine is a gold mine located at the ghost town of Congress, Arizona on the southeastern slope of the Date Creek Mountains, approximately 18 miles north-northeast of Wickenburg, Arizona at an elevation of about 3,000 feet (Lat. 34.Advanced Chemical Industries (ACI): ৳ 238 Million http://www.aci-bd.Robert Wood Johnson FoundationLiliana Rojas-Suarez: Liliana Rojas-Suarez is a Peruvian-born economist, specializing in financial regulatory policy and the impact of global capital flows on development, especially in Latin American countries. She is currently a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development and serves as the chair of the Latin-American Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee (CLAAF).Andrew Dickson WhiteList of companies listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange: The Oslo Stock Exchange (Norwegian: Oslo Børs) serves as the main market for trading in the shares of Norwegian companies. It opens at 9:00am and closes 4:30pm local time (CET).Open Fuel Standard Coalition: The Open Fuel Standard Coalition is a bipartisan group in the United States actively working for passage of H.R.British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal: The British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal is a quasi-judicial human rights body in British Columbia, Canada. It was established under the British Columbia Human Rights Code.Beef aging: Beef aging is a process of preparing beef for consumption, mainly by breaking down the connective tissue.International College of Dentists: InternationalThe Republican War on Science: The Republican War on Science is a 2005 book by Chris C. Mooney, an American journalist who focuses on the politics of science policy.Artificial butter flavoring: Artificial butter flavoring may contain diacetyl, acetylpropionyl, or acetoin, three natural compounds in butter that contribute to its characteristic flavor. Because of this, manufacturers of margarines or similar oil-based products typically add diacetyl, acetylpropionyl and acetoin (along with beta carotene for the yellow color) to make the final product butter-flavored, because it would otherwise be relatively tasteless.Privatization in criminal justice: Privatization in criminal justice refers to a shift to private ownership and control of criminal justice services.Systematic Protein Investigative Research EnvironmentHog Farm: Hog farm}}Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: The Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program is a system of "managed competition" through which employee health benefits are provided to civilian government employees and annuitants of the United States government.

(1/764) Decline in cigarette consumption following implementation of a comprehensive tobacco prevention and education program--Oregon, 1996-1998.

In November 1996, residents of Oregon approved a ballot measure increasing the cigarette tax by 30 cents (to 68 cents per pack). The measure stipulated that 10% of the additional tax revenue be allocated to the Oregon Health Division (OHD) to develop and implement a tobacco-use prevention program. In 1997, OHD created Oregon's Tobacco Prevention and Education Program (TPEP), a comprehensive, community-based program modeled on the successful tobacco-use prevention programs in California and Massachusetts. To assess the effects of the tax increase and TPEP in Oregon, OHD evaluated data on the number of packs of cigarettes taxed before (1993-1996) and after (1997-1998) the ballot initiative and implementation of the program. Oregon's results also were compared with national data. This report summarizes the results of the analysis, which indicate that consumption of cigarettes in Oregon declined substantially after implementation of the excise tax and TPEP and exceeded the national rate of decline.  (+info)

(2/764) Settling for less? Tobacco industry.

In November 1998, a coalition of state negotiators and five tobacco companies reached an agreement in which the cigarette makers would pay out the biggest financial settlement in history, $206 billion over the next 25 years to 46 states, to compensate for the medical treatment of patients suffering from tobacco-related health problems. Critics of the settlement say the tobacco companies are getting off the hook too easily, and that the deal's public health provisions are unacceptably riddled with loopholes. But the attorneys general who negotiated the settlement defended it as a good deal-but clearly not as a panacea. Ultimately, they feel, Congress should pass legislation to provide essential reforms, including full Food and Drug Administration authority over tobacco.  (+info)

(3/764) Turning over a new leaf. Tobacco.

Anticipating a diminishing market for cigarettes and other tobacco products in the future, researchers around the country are studying alternative uses for tobacco plants. The most promising field of research for tobacco involves the genetic engineering of tobacco plants to produce various substances such as industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and consumer product ingredients. Tobacco has been called the "fruit fly of the plant kingdom" because of the ease with which it can be genetically engineered. There are countless possibilities for the use of tobacco, but current efforts are concentrating on engineering tobacco to produce vaccines, human enzymes, and plastics. Tobacco researchers have been successful in expressing bovine lysozyme, an enzyme with antibacterial properties, and insulin.  (+info)

(4/764) Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience.

OBJECTIVE: To document efforts on the part of public officials in California to soften the media campaign's attack on the tobacco industry and to analyse strategies to counter those efforts on the part of tobacco control advocates. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews with programme participants, direct observation, written materials, and media stories. In addition, internal documents were released by the state's Department of Health Services in response to requests made under the California Public Records Act by Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. Finally, a draft of the paper was circulated to 11 key players for their comments. RESULTS: In 1988 california voters enacted Proposition 99, an initiative that raised the tobacco tax by $0.25 and allocated 20% of the revenues to anti-tobacco education. A media campaign, which was part of the education programme, directly attacked the tobacco industry, exposing the media campaign to politically based efforts to shut it down or soften it. Through use of outsider strategies such as advertising, press conferences, and public meetings, programme advocates were able to counter the efforts to soften the campaign. CONCLUSION: Anti-tobacco media campaigns that expose industry manipulation are a key component of an effective tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of these campaigns, however, makes them a target for elimination by the tobacco industry. The experience from California demonstrates the need for continuing, aggressive intervention by nongovernmental organisations in order to maintain the quality of anti-tobacco media campaigns.  (+info)

(5/764) Features of sales promotion in cigarette magazine advertisements, 1980-1993: an analysis of youth exposure in the United States.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the presence of features of sales promotion in cigarette advertising in United States magazines, and to describe trends in youth (ages 12-17) exposure to such advertising (termed "promotional advertising"). DESIGN: Analysis of 1980-1993 annual data on: (a) total pages and expenditures for "promotional advertising" (advertising that contains features of sales promotion) in 36 popular magazines (all magazines for which data were available), by cigarette brand; and (b) readership characteristics for each magazine. We defined promotional advertising as advertisements that go beyond the simple advertising of the product and its features to include one or more features of sales promotion, such as coupons, "retail value added" promotions, contests, sweepstakes, catalogues, specialty item distribution, and sponsorship of public entertainment or sporting events. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total pages of, and expenditures for promotional advertising in magazines; and gross impressions (number of readers multiplied by the number of pages of promotional advertising) among youth and total readership. RESULTS: During the period 1980-1993, tobacco companies spent $90.2 million on promotional advertising in the 36 magazines. The proportion of promotional advertising appearing in "youth" magazines (defined as magazines with a greater than average proportion of youth readers) increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 100% in 1987. Although youth readers represented only 19% of magazine readers, the proportion of youth gross impressions to total gross impressions of tobacco promotional advertising exceeded this value throughout the entire period 1985-1993, peaking at 33% in 1987. The five "youth" cigarette brands (defined as brands smoked by at least 2.5% of smokers aged 10-15 years in 1993) accounted for 59% of promotional advertising in all magazines, but for 83% of promotional advertising in youth magazines during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: In their magazine advertising, cigarette companies are preferentially exposing young people to advertisements that contain sales promotional features.  (+info)

(6/764) Sharing the blame: smoking experimentation and future smoking-attributable mortality due to Joe Camel and Marlboro advertising and promotions.

BACKGROUND: Despite public denials, internal tobacco company documents indicate that adolescents have long been the target of cigarette advertising and promotional activities. Recent longitudinal evidence suggests that 34% of new experimentation occurs because of advertising and promotions. OBJECTIVE: To apportion responsibility for smoking experimentation and future smoking-attributable mortality among major cigarette brands attractive to young people (Camel and Marlboro). DATA SOURCES, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were from confirmed never-smoking adolescents (12-17 years old) responding to the 1993 (n = 2659) and 1996 (n = 2779) population-based California Tobacco Surveys. MAIN OUTCOMES: Adolescents named the brand of their favourite cigarette advertisements and tobacco promotional items. Using these "market shares" and the relative importance of advertising and promotions in encouraging smoking, we estimated how many new experimenters from 1988 to 1998 in the United States can be attributed to Camel and Marlboro. From other data on the natural history of smoking, we projected how many future deaths in the United States can be attributed to each brand. RESULTS: Although Camel advertisements were favoured more than Marlboro and other brands in 1993 and 1996, the "market share" for promotional items shifted markedly during this period from Camel and other brands towards Marlboro. We estimated that between 1988 and 1998, there will be 7.9 million new experimenters because of tobacco advertising and promotions. This will result in 4.7 million new established smokers: 2.1, 1.2, and 1.4 million due to Camel, Marlboro, and other brands' advertising and promotions, respectively. Of these, 1.2 million will eventually die from smoking-attributable diseases: 520,000 from Camel, 300,000 from Marlboro, and the remainder from other brands. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis provides a reasonable first estimate at sharing the blame for the long-term health consequences of smoking among the major brands that encourage adolescents to start smoking.  (+info)

(7/764) Consensus for tobacco policy among former state legislators using the policy Delphi method.

OBJECTIVE: To test a novel approach for building consensus about tobacco control policies among legislators. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted using a two-round, face-to-face policy Delphi method. PARTICIPANTS: Randomly selected sample of 30 former Kentucky legislators (60% participation rate). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Consensus on tobacco control and tobacco farming policies. RESULTS: Former state legislators were more supportive of tobacco control policies than expected, and highly supportive of lessening the state's dependence on tobacco. Former state legislators were in agreement with 43% of the second-round items for which there was no agreement at the first round, demonstrating a striking increase in consensus. With new information from their colleagues, former lawmakers became more supportive of workplace smoking restrictions, limitations on tobacco promotional items, and modest excise tax increases. CONCLUSIONS: The policy Delphi method has the potential for building consensus for tobacco control and tobacco farming policies among state legislators. Tobacco control advocates in other states might consider using the policy Delphi method with policymakers in public and private sectors.  (+info)

(8/764) Arizona's tobacco control initiative illustrates the need for continuing oversight by tobacco control advocates.

BACKGROUND: In 1994, Arizona voters approved Proposition 200 which increased the tobacco tax and earmarked 23% of the new revenues for tobacco education programmes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the campaign to pass Proposition 200, the legislative debate that followed the passage of the initiative, and the development and implementation of the tobacco control programme. DESIGN: This is a case study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with key players in the initiative campaign and in the tobacco education programme, and written records (campaign material, newspapers, memoranda, public records). RESULTS: Despite opposition from the tobacco industry, Arizonans approved an increase in the tobacco tax. At the legislature, health advocates in Arizona successfully fought the tobacco industry attempts to divert the health education funds and pass preemptive legislation. The executive branch limited the scope of the programme to adolescents and pregnant women. It also prevented the programme from attacking the tobacco industry or focusing on secondhand smoke. Health advocates did not put enough pressure at the executive branch to force it to develop a comprehensive tobacco education programme. CONCLUSIONS: It is not enough for health advocates to campaign for an increase in tobacco tax and to protect the funds at the legislature. Tobacco control advocates must closely monitor the development and implementation of tax-funded tobacco education programmes at the administrative level and be willing to press the executive to implement effective programmes.  (+info)



industry's


  • The industry's arguments around things like illicit trade, impact on jobs and the broader economic impact, the impact on the poor, the impact on their tax revenues, really the economic arguments that the industry uses against tobacco control are really misleading, and for the most part, false. (ipsnews.net)
  • Australia's pioneering plain packaging legislation has brought them out into public, in a desperate effort to prevent the fall of a domino that promises to cascade globally, ending the industry's centre-piece of tobacco promotion: the lure of the pack. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • The tobacco industry's current undisguised panic shows that plain packs will hit them very hard. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • These conflicts of interest were firmly established in the past and the conflicted scientists continue to do the tobacco industry's bidding. (blogspot.com)

nicotine


  • Over many decades the global tobacco industry has denied in public, in the courts, and before legislatures that smoking was harmful and nicotine was addictive. (who.int)
  • Victor DeNoble conducted secret research for tobacco giant Philip Morris in the early 1980s but fell out of favor with administrators after discovering laboratory animals became addicted to nicotine, a key chemical in tobacco. (courant.com)
  • Through dLook search you can refine your preferred search area or results further from national down to a local suburb and then you may vary search terms to find results such as tabacco taxation, regulation or nicotine and more in this category and in the areas that match a product or service type. (dlook.com.au)
  • Four of five major tobacco companies fail to admit that nicotine is addictive -Medical and scientific authorities uniformly agree that nicotine is addictive. (bmj.com)

global tobacco industry


  • They said governments must do far more than they have done to control the global tobacco industry, either by raising cigarette prices dramatically, outlawing tobacco marketing or by taxing the multinational profits of the big cigarette firms. (prisonplanet.com)

excise taxes


  • The defeat of Proposition 86 in California, which called for a $2.60 increase in state excise taxes, is a big win for tobacco, says Credit Suisse. (barrons.com)
  • However although so-called excise taxes on tobacco products can act as a deterrent worldwide they are far from helping governments recoup the costs of tobacco use to economies and society. (ipsnews.net)

regulation


  • As criticism of the industry has accelerated in recent years, and calls for product regulation have grown, tobacco companies have defended themselves by saying they are now "responsible" corporations that aim to communicate honestly about their products. (bmj.com)

consequences of tobacco


  • I think it's partly because of the fact that in a lot of low- and middle-income countries they haven't been exposed to the same information about the health consequences of tobacco use, people are more susceptible to the industry('s positive) portrayals of tobacco," noted Chaloupka. (ipsnews.net)

2017


  • UNITED NATIONS, Jan 13 2017 (IPS) - Low and middle-income countries have far fewer tobacco regulations than high-income countries and are paying the price - with bigger health and economic impacts. (ipsnews.net)
  • Please note that Tobacco industry in Ghana: Business Report 2017 is a half ready publication. (marketpublishers.com)

anti-tobacco


  • U.S. Rep. Barbara B. Kennelly was endorsed for governor Monday by a prominent anti-tobacco crusader -- state Attorney General Richard Blumenthal -- and said she would stop accepting campaign contributions from the tobacco industry. (courant.com)
  • But anti-tobacco participants said tobacco advertising promotion and sponsorship beautify the corporate image. (chinahush.com)

smokers


  • Interestingly, the New Zealand Treasury found that smoking saves the government money because smokers tend to die sooner than non-smokers, and the high taxes that they pay on tobacco products more than covers the medical costs associated with the habit. (prisonplanet.com)
  • It has commissioned reports that purport to show that one in six cigarettes being smoked now are illicit, when the latest national survey reports that a mere 1.5% of smokers use illegal tobacco more than half the time. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • All five major tobacco companies deny that environmental tobacco smoke causes disease in non-smokers -Medical and scientific organisations that have found that environmental tobacco smoke causes disease include the US Surgeon General, the World Health Organization, and the American Medical Association. (bmj.com)
  • Three of these tobacco companies, Philip Morris, British American Tobacco, and Brown & Williamson, admitted only that environmental tobacco smoke can be "irritating" or "annoying" to non-smokers. (bmj.com)

bans


  • We present some new evidence in the monograph on tobacco advertising bans that shows they have a bigger effect in low- and middle-income countries than they do in high-income countries," said Chaloupka who is also Distinguished Professor of Economics & Public Health at the University of Illinois. (ipsnews.net)
  • Another journal bans research funded by the tobacco industry. (theguardian.com)

addictive


  • A leading critic of the tobacco industry took his anti-smoking message to the town's middle school Tuesday, using his offbeat humor to drive home the dangers of an addictive drug. (courant.com)
  • Over the last half century, the tobacco industry has earned billions of dollars in profits by selling a deadly and addictive product while denying its harmfulness. (bmj.com)

decades


  • We've seen governments get serious and really take action, and adopt strong tobacco control measures, push up taxes, ban smoking in public places, ban tobacco marketing as a result we've seen tobacco use falling for at least a few decades in most high-income countries. (ipsnews.net)
  • If you go back a few decades the Turkish government used to be the tobacco industry in Turkey. (ipsnews.net)
  • The industry always knew tobacco killed, but had lied about it for decades. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)

products


  • She urged the government to keep tobacco manufacturers 'at arm's length' and to introduce plain packaging for tobacco products 'as soon as possible', as this could give children one less reason to start smoking. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Or just email or call a business displayed using the listing information to find out more about the Tobacco Industries range of products and services on offer. (dlook.com.au)
  • An important part of the report is Porter Five Forces analysis that surveys an industry through five major questions (What composes a threat of substitute products and services? (marketpublishers.com)
  • And he pointed out that their fundamental purpose is to establish a positive image for the tobacco industry and ultimately to sell more tobacco products. (chinahush.com)
  • The report finds that when forced to take legally binding positions, the tobacco industry still does not accept scientific consensus about the harms of their products. (bmj.com)
  • 2. Between 2010 and 2012, the other co-author conducted studies using a variety of smokeless tobacco products. (blogspot.com)
  • While the studies were not funded by a tobacco company, the study products were provided free of charge by U.S. Tobacco. (blogspot.com)

Philip Morris


  • Philip Morris, RJ Reynolds, and British American Tobacco dodged the question. (bmj.com)

companies


  • The ' tobacco industry category includes tobacco companies and both profiles and case studies of organizations that have worked for them. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Yet, according to new wide-ranging research published by the World Health Organization (WHO), tobacco companies are misleading governments, telling them that tobacco regulations will potentially harm their economies. (ipsnews.net)
  • They privatised their tobacco industry (and) they didn't make any promises to the tobacco companies that moved into their markets, and really then did move forward with strong tobacco control policies. (ipsnews.net)
  • Internal industry documents show a radically different reality of what the companies knew, and when. (who.int)
  • This report, based on internal industry documents and the companies' public pronouncements, describes how the social, scientific and judicial climate forced the change. (who.int)
  • Well-known tobacco control expert Professor Wu Yiqun said that we must strictly prohibit tobacco companies to name Hope Elementary schools and poverty grants. (chinahush.com)
  • On the issue of sponsorship, business representatives said that this only reflects the social responsibility of the tobacco corporations, and the contribution from the tobacco companies should not be restricted. (chinahush.com)
  • During the stimulation conference, Anti-smoking Organization Exploration Center for Health Research and Development, Deputy Director Professor Wu Yiqun presented the investigation and research data on tobacco companies setting up Hope elementary schools. (chinahush.com)
  • Four of five major tobacco companies still question whether smoking causes disease -That smoking causes lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, and other diseases is universally accepted by medical and scientific authorities. (bmj.com)
  • Yet the five leading tobacco companies all indicated that they disagree. (bmj.com)
  • The report also finds that individual tobacco companies are unwilling to take responsibility for well documented corporate behaviour. (bmj.com)
  • However, neither of the two co-authors has received money from any tobacco companies since 2010. (blogspot.com)
  • Second, they argue that the history of funding by tobacco companies is well within the spirit of the disclosure requirement and that the authors have an obligation to let readers know that in the past, they have had financial relationships with Big Tobacco. (blogspot.com)
  • While the amount of grant funding received from tobacco companies is not clear, one of the anti-smoking groups has documented that the level of funding in 2005 was $400,000 and in 2004 was $1 million. (blogspot.com)
  • The communications director for another national anti-smoking group added: "This just goes to show that the tobacco companies have not changed. (blogspot.com)

governments


  • Smoking will kill up to a billion people worldwide this century, unless governments across the world stamp down on the half-trillion-dollar tobacco industry. (prisonplanet.com)
  • It will stand in public health history as a major chapter of how governments put the health of the population before the corporate interests of a pariah industry. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)

fewer


  • Americans are smoking fewer cigarettes, but consumption of cheaper forms of tobacco is rising, especially among youth and young adults, according to a new report by the Centers for Disease Control. (courant.com)

smoking in public


  • Before legislators ban smoking in public buildings, the tobacco industry wants to have its consultant analyze the air at the State Capitol and Legislative Office Building to demonstrate that the ban is unnecessary. (courant.com)

Youth


  • Today's Australian 20-year-olds have never seen local tobacco advertising and youth smoking rates are at an all time low. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)

research


  • More than 2,000 people took part in YouGov's latest poll on behalf of Cancer Research UK and 65 per cent of them said they distrusted the tobacco industry to present 'believable and independent arguments' when discussing ways to cut smoking. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Sarah Woolnough, executive director of policy and information at Cancer Research UK, observed: 'For years the tobacco industry denied the link between smoking and lung cancer, so perhaps it's not surprising that these results show how little the public trust them. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The research was compiled in a new monograph titled The Eonomics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control , published jointly by the WHO and the National Cancer Institute of the US-based National Institutes of Health. (ipsnews.net)
  • This report is a comprehensive research of tobacco industry in Ghana. (marketpublishers.com)
  • You then might think that I'm all for plain packaging, not publishing tobacco industry-funded research, and completely against the " normalization " of smoking via the evidently evil medium of e-cigarettes. (theguardian.com)
  • And then we have scientific and medical journals who, on principle, refuse to publish any research that is even part-funded by the tobacco industry. (theguardian.com)
  • Equally, the pharmaceutical industry wants to sell more drugs, some of which have undoubtedly caused more harm than good, and has a pretty piss-poor track record when it comes to publishing unbiased research. (theguardian.com)
  • Fully two-thirds of research and development in this country is funded by industry or other commercial concerns. (theguardian.com)
  • No researcher is entirely disinterested and free of inducements to bad behaviour - even if their conflict of interest is a pet hypothesis, it's still a source of bias that should be scrutinised as thoroughly as any piece of tobacco industry-funded research. (theguardian.com)
  • The commentaries by the two former tobacco industry consultants, university professors at a major midwestern medical school, are not in any way pro-tobacco, although they do criticize a number of current anti-smoking initiatives because they are ineffective and not based on sound formative research. (blogspot.com)
  • This just goes to show that the tobacco industry is still able to unduly influence medical research reporting, even if they are not currently paying their consulting scientists. (blogspot.com)

harmful


  • It turns out that homegrown tobacco is, "Not even marginally less harmful," than the commercial tobacco. (prisonplanet.com)
  • We know the tobacco industry will do all it can to (a) sell more cigarettes and (b) convince us that smoking isn't as harmful as we think . (theguardian.com)

honestly


  • The majority of people do not trust the tobacco industry to engage honestly and openly in the debate about how to reduce smoking rates, a survey suggests. (netdoctor.co.uk)

organisations


  • This mistrust extends to organisations that receive funding from the tobacco industry, according to 62 per cent of respondents. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Just 23 per cent of survey participants said they wanted the government to listen to the tobacco industry when deciding tobacco control policies, with professional medical organisations and health and medical charities largely deemed to give more reliable advice. (netdoctor.co.uk)

NEWS


  • You won't believe what the news industry is coming to! (dlook.com.au)
  • Providing the whole story behind tobacco news. (blogspot.com)

public


  • Over the past decade the industry has slowly adapted its public stance to meet the overwhelming evidence of the harm smoking causes, as well as public demand for accountability. (who.int)
  • Ever since the magnesium glare unleashed by the public release of its internal private tobacco industry documents via the 1998 US Master Settlement Agreement, the industry has kept well out of public view, working behind the scenes to shore up its ebbing credibility. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • The court of public opinion told them they were regarded as the most untrustworthy of all industries. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • Australia's historic plain cigarette packaging legislation is weapons-grade public health policy that is causing apoplexy in the international industry. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • The tobacco company which is already the public enemy on TV and newspapers, all of sudden turns into Santa Claus giving presents away, opening a mouthful of yellow teeth, I am ugly, but I am your savior. (chinahush.com)

investigation


  • Federal prosecutors have also been pursuing a lengthy investigation of the industry, and it may be about to rev up. (wsj.com)

scientific


  • In addition, the researcher used to do consulting work for Star Scientific, U.S. Tobacco, Liggett, and Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company, although none of that consulting occurred within the past three years. (blogspot.com)

company


  • The Tobacco Institute has offered to pay $12,000 for an analysis by Health Buildings International, a consulting company from Fairfax, Va., to show that indoor pollution is caused by bad ventilation, not cigarette smoke. (courant.com)
  • Chinese folklore says "Smoke makes writing and wine makes poetry", but the tobacco company directly shuts out "Tobacco helps you to be successful" in a school. (chinahush.com)
  • A test of whether the industry has reformed is the truthfulness of company statements made under penalty of sanction in a court of law. (bmj.com)

years


  • While consumption of cigarettes decreased 32.8 percent from 2000 to 2011, consumption of loose tobacco and cigars increased 123.1 percent over the same years, according to the CDC. (courant.com)
  • After more than 15 years, the tobacco industry dodo is back and walking among us, attempting to fly. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • Further, the report analyses tobacco industry in the country by identifying key market players, (including major producers, traders, etc), as well by evaluating foreign economic relations within the sector in the recent three years. (marketpublishers.com)
  • After years of success, both publicly and politically, the leaders of the tobacco industry are faced with mounting political pressure and the financial threat of litigation from class-action lawsuits. (northwestern.edu)
  • In section 3 of the form, authors of articles are asked to disclose any financial relationships with industry that occurred within the past three years. (blogspot.com)

cigarettes


  • The CDC noted that the upward trend in use of other forms of tobacco began after 2009, when federal taxes on cigarettes increased and made cigars and roll-your-own cheaper options. (courant.com)
  • From the time that machine-manufactured cigarettes were first marketed at the beginning of the 20th century, the advertising and packaging industries did all they could to portray cigarettes as a means of signaling personal identity to the young as they took up smoking. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)

describes


  • The case describes the history of the tobacco industry and its emergence as an extremely effective marketer and non-market strategist. (northwestern.edu)

harm


  • It shows as well that the industry still puts the responsibility of addiction and harm on the smoker. (who.int)

comprehensive


  • Tobacco is a dying market in nations like Australia which lead the world in comprehensive tobacco control. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • In order to proceed the revising of the "advertising law" and "provisional tobacco advertising management law" On December 12, 2009, Tsinghua University Law school hosted a stimulation hearing on issuing laws to ban tobacco advertising and sponsorships, experts strongly called for a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship. (chinahush.com)

history


  • A number of anti-smoking groups are attacking two former tobacco industry consultants for failing to disclose their history of funding by the tobacco industry in a set of two commentaries they published recently in a pair of major medical journals. (blogspot.com)

country


  • Chaloupka also pointed to Turkey as an example of a middle-income country that has successfully regulated tobacco use. (ipsnews.net)
  • the tobacco industry is without question one of the most nefarious industries ever allowed in our country. (courant.com)

world


  • They used to be one of the biggest growers of tobacco leaf in the world, and over time they've completely moved in the other direction. (ipsnews.net)

present


  • Now, there's an entire genre of woowoo about homegrown tobacco supposedly being much less deadly than industrial tobacco because it doesn't contain the additives that are present in industrial tobacco. (prisonplanet.com)

University


  • The University of California's Stan Glantz once remarked that those who lead the tobacco industry are like cockroaches: "They love the dark and they spread disease. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)

trend


  • Highlighting a new legal trend in the tobacco wars, two Connecticut construction unions sued the tobacco industry Tuesday to recover money spent treating tobacco-related illnesses of their members. (courant.com)
  • Now days, laws are being made in everywhere in order to control tobacco, but the tobacco sets a new trend to hide in the elementary school buildings, their eyes are on the distant future. (chinahush.com)

plain


  • Most of all though, its blank cheque advertising campaigns, imploring the government to desist, say to anyone with half a brain that the industry knows plain packs will "kill their business", as the cover story of a tobacco trade magazine put it in 2008. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)

money


  • I will not be accepting tobacco industry money," said Kennelly, a Democrat whose 20-town central Connecticut district includes her hometown of Hartford. (courant.com)
  • A consumer group started by Ralph Nader is on the attack against U.S. Rep. Gary A. Franks, R-5th District, for accepting campaign money from the tobacco industry and for opposing federal regulations aimed at reducing smoking by children. (courant.com)

Help


  • They want to tell the students, come, tobacco can help you to be successful and hope the students to remember, it is tobacco that helped you grow, so please repay us later. (chinahush.com)

legal


  • Tobacco industry representatives argued that tobacco is a legal product, should not be prohibited in advertising and marketing. (chinahush.com)

sales


  • Taxes on tobacco sales in low and middle countries also have a bigger impact than in high-income countries, Chaloupka added. (ipsnews.net)

work


  • While neither of the researchers could be reached for comment, sources familiar with their work told the Rest of the Story that these authors do not feel their historical funding by Big Tobacco and consulting for Big Tobacco needs to be disclosed because it occurred more than 36 months ago. (blogspot.com)

high


  • The total annual amount of his consulting payments from Big Tobacco was as high as $40,000. (blogspot.com)

feel


  • If your resume writes that the school you have graduated from is Sichuan Tobacco Hope Elementary School, how would you feel? (chinahush.com)

less


  • The estimate we have for the global cost is about $1.4 trillion, and less than $300 billion being generated in tax revenues," said Chaloupka, adding that less than $1 billion of tobacco-related tax revenues is being used for tobacco control. (ipsnews.net)