TextilesTextile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cotton Fiber: A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.Byssinosis: A condition of BRONCHOCONSTRICTION resulting from hypersensitive reaction to inhaled dust during the initial processing of cotton, flax, or hemp in the textile industry. Symptoms include wheezing and tightness in the chest.Gossypium: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)MuseumsWool: The hair of SHEEP or other animals that is used for weaving.Chaetomium: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Chaetomiaceae, order SORDARIALES. Many members are cellulolytic and some mycotoxic. They occur naturally on paper and cotton fabric.Clothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Laundry Service, Hospital: Hospital department which administers all activities pertaining to the hospital laundry service.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Coloring Agents: Chemicals and substances that impart color including soluble dyes and insoluble pigments. They are used in INKS; PAINTS; and as INDICATORS AND REAGENTS.Urtica dioica: A plant species of the genus Urtica, family URTICACEAE. Roots have been used to treat PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA. Leaves are edible after the stinging quality is eliminated by brief heating.Asbestos, Serpentine: A type of asbestos that occurs in nature as the dihydrate of magnesium silicate. It exists in two forms: antigorite, a plated variety, and chrysotile, a fibrous variety. The latter makes up 95% of all asbestos products. (From Merck Index, 11th ed, p.893)Conus Snail: A genus of cone-shaped marine snails in the family Conidae, class GASTROPODA. It comprises more than 600 species, many containing unique venoms (CONUS VENOMS) with which they immobilize their prey.Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Noise, Occupational: Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Silk: A continuous protein fiber consisting primarily of FIBROINS. It is synthesized by a variety of INSECTS and ARACHNIDS.Endotoxins: Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.InkWaste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Recycling: The extraction and recovery of usable or valuable material from scrap or other discarded materials. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Alternaria: A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including several plant pathogens and at least one species which produces a highly phytotoxic antibiotic. Its teleomorph is Lewia.

*  Patent US4251311 - Button assembly apparatus - Google Patents
In one form, a flexible thread or filament is secured between a fastener such as a button and textile material and is ... The reinforcing plastic may also be bonded or welded to the fastener and the textile material. In another form, the thread or ... secured together with a plastic which not only reinforces the thread but also serves to prevent its unwinding from the textile ... wherein a specially heated tool is employed to seal same to itself and in certain instances the fastener and the textile ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US4251311?dq=inventor:%22Arthur+R.+Hair%22
*  Patente US3540835 - Carboxylic acid group containing copolymer is applied to textile which has ... - Google Patentes
Curing of the textile resin is accomplished by subjecting the textile material having the textile resin thereon to conditions ... The cured textile resin on the textile material affords the textile material durable press and/ or wrinkle resistant ... 6. The process as defined in claim 1 wherein the textile material is a polyester/cellulosic textile material and the textile ... The process as defined in claim 1 wherein the textile material is a polyester/cellulosic textile material, the textile resin is ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US3540835?dq=flatulence
*  The 2016-2021 World Outlook for Textile Machinery for Drying Stocks, Yarns, Cloth, Carpet, and Non-Woven Fabrics
... and Non-Woven Fabrics The 2016-2021 World Outlook for Textile Machinery for Drying - Market research report and industry ... The 2016-2021 World Outlook for Textile Machinery for Drying Stocks, Yarns, Cloth, Carpet, ... Heavy Industry»Materials & Chemicals»Textiles»Textile Machinery The 2016-2021 World Outlook for Textile Machinery for Drying ... The 2016-2021 World Outlook for Textile Machinery for Drying Stocks, Yarns, Cloth, Carpet, and Non-Woven Fabrics. This ...
  https://www.marketresearch.com/Icon-Group-International-Inc-v609/Outlook-Textile-Machinery-Drying-Stocks-9190558/
*  Indian Textiles Journal - The Indian Textile Journal - Technology & Trade info for tomorrow's Textile Industry.
Knitting Technology, Shanghaitex, Textile Exhibition, Textile Technology, Textile Machinery, Textile Industry, Textile News ... Smart textiles wearable technology: With the development of textile technology, apparel industry has made some breakthroughs in ... iNTERSPARE helps Indian textile cos take lead iNTERSPARE helps Indian textile cos take lead ... The revolutionary integration of electronics and textiles has enabled Smart Textiles to sense and react to changing environment ...
  http://www.indiantextilejournal.com/News.aspx?nId=rMxI4WYLUgDXkA848HgAHA==&NewsType=ShanghaiTex-2017:-Knitting%E2%80%99s-cutting-edge-India-Sector
*  Electrical characteristics of conductive yarns and textile electrodes for medical applications
2. Textile electrodes for ECG measurements in distributed care, performance and applications. Open this publication in new ... Clothing with conductive textiles for health care applications has in the last decade been of an upcoming research interest. An ... Three yarns and textile electrode surfaces were tested. The electrodes made from pure stainless steel (A) and 20% stainless ... Three yarns and textile electrode surfaces were tested. The electrodes made from pure stainless steel and 50\% stainless steel ...
  http://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:261802
*  Fabric Manufacturers Textiles Suppliers, all Quality Fabric Manufacturers Textiles Suppliers on Alibaba.com
Companies from around the World at fabrics textiles ,textiles and fabrics ,textile material fabric, 100% Cotton Fabric ... Fabric Manufacturers Textiles Suppliers Directory - Find variety Fabric Manufacturers Textiles Suppliers, Manufacturers, ... Suppliers › Textiles & Leather Products › Fabric › 100% Cotton Fabric › fabric manufacturers textiles suppliers 2,192 Supplier( ... Textile Fabric Supplier , Microfiber Fabric In Roll , Microfiber Textile Fabric Supplier , Fabric Digital Printing Supplier , ...
  https://www.alibaba.com/fabric-manufacturers-textiles-suppliers.html
*  Textile electrodes in electrical bioimpedance measurements - a comparison with conventional Ag/AgCl electrodes
In any case any possible effect introduced by the use of textile is smaller than the effect of preparing the skin by the using ... In this work, the influence of the textile electrodes on the measurements and on the estimation of the Cole (R0 , R?, fC and a ... Most of the efforts have been focused in the acquisition of EKG for cardiovascular monitoring where textile electrodes have ... The obtained results suggest that the use of textile electrodes do not influence remarkably on the complex spectral ...
  http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/publication/253480-textile-electrodes-in-electrical-bioimpedance-measurements-a-comparison-with-conventional-agagcl-ele
*  OSA | Propagation of polarized light through textile material
The fibers in textile material are generally anisotropic with axisymmetric structure. The formalism of anisotropic fiber ... Bo Peng, Tianhuai Ding, and Peng Wang, "Propagation of polarized light through textile material," Appl. Opt. 51, 6325-6334 ( ... In this paper a detailed investigation, based on simulations and experiments of polarized light propagation through textile ... Propagation of polarized light through textile material Bo Peng, Tianhuai Ding, and Peng Wang ...
  https://www.osapublishing.org/ao/abstract.cfm?uri=ao-51-26-6325
*  Gertie's New Blog for Better Sewing: The Muslin Backlash
I wouldn't have understood textiles any other way. ... I've started donating my muslin's and fabric scraps to textile/ ...
  http://www.blogforbettersewing.com/2011/07/muslin-backlash_14.html?showComment=1310667346801
*  Textile Enzymes in Anand,Textile Enzymes Manufacturers and Suppliers from india
Get contact details of Textile Enzymes Manufacturers, Wholesale Textile Enzymes Exporters, Best Textile Enzymes Traders & ... Business Directory for Textile Enzymes Suppliers in Anand - ... textile bleach, Biocide Chemical, Textile Enzyme, Textile Bio ... Deals in Dye Fixing, scouring Agent, Textile Silicone Softener, ... Textile Enzymes in Anand. * * Cities : Mumbai , Delhi , Chennai ...
  http://www.indianyellowpages.com/anand/textile-enzymes.htm
*  Patent US3819324 - Fugitive-staining process for textile fibers - Google Patents
... with or without other types of textile fibers, e.g. nylon or wool, are patterned for cross-dyed effects or in which one yarn is ... A fugitive-staining process for distinguishing two different textile materials, particularly but not necessarily, basic-dyeable ... A textile identification procedure for distinguishing at least one basic-dyeable polyester textile article from at least one ... Fugitive coloration of textile materials. US2298432 *. Dec 16, 1940. Oct 13, 1942. Eastman Kodak Co. Lubrication and fugitive ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US3819324?dq=6519629
*  1, 2014 - Журнал ТЛП СПГУТД
materials in textile and light industry (in English). This article continues a series of articles devoted to the problem of ... materials textile and light industry. This article continues a series of articles devoted to the problem of mathematical ... This article describes a method for imparting antimicrobial properties to textile materials by impregnation using water ... Key words: antimicrobial textile materials, impregnation, L-cysteine, silver nitrate. V. S. Federyaeva, R. F. Vitkovskaya, J. ...
  http://journal.prouniver.ru/tlp/tlp-archive1/1-2014-2/
*  Indian Textiles Journal - The Indian Textile Journal - Technology & Trade info for tomorrow's Textile Industry.
Bamboo Fibre, Textile, Fibres, Polymerisations, Bamboo Textiles, Medical Textiles, Home Textiles, Sports Garments, Sport ... Medical textiles: Health care and hygienic textiles are a key area in medical textiles. There are wide ranges of products ... Home textiles: Home textile is an important segment of textiles value chain; it covers products like table cloth, towel, ... Application of textiles covers the entire spectrum of day to day clothing to the functional textiles. Application of new fibres ...
  http://www.indiantextilejournal.com/News.aspx?nId=XJtoUFO/lXk/7J2Rq5YZoQ==&NewsType=Prospects-of-bamboo-fibre-in-textile-India-Sector
*  Patent US6861520 - Process for chemically bonding an odor-encapsulating agent to textiles and ... - Google Patents
Textiles formed by such a process can comprise an article of clothing adapted to trap odors emanating from a wearer. ... In textile materials containing cellulose, imidazolidone forms an ether bond with a hydroxyl group on the cellulose. An active ... and curing the textile material treated with a mixture of the cyclodextrin and cross-linking agent. Preferably, the cross- ... reacting a cyclodextrin with a cross-linking agent capable of forming ether bonds with the cyclodextrin and with the textile ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6861520?dq=5,838,906
*  Textile Chemical Exporters,Textile Chemical Manufacturers,Chemical & Plastics Directory International B2B
Textile Chemical, Textile Chemical Manufacturers, Textile Chemical Factories, Textile Chemical Manufacturing, Textile Chemical ... Textile Chemical Suppliers, Exporters, Textile Chemical Producers, Wholesalers, Distributors, International Textile Chemical, ... All auxiliaries for Textile Industry. Looking for agents all around world.. Chemical Sub-categories: Pigment Textile Chemicals ... Directory of Textile Chemical Manufacturers, Textile Chemical Exporters, Chemical & Plastics. Categories , Chemical & Plastics ...
  http://exportbureau.com/chemical/textilechemicals.html
*  Wholesale Burn Out Textile, China Wholesale Burn Out Textile Manufacturers & Suppliers | Made-in-China.com
Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Burn Out Textile products in best price from certified Chinese Textile Fabric Bags ... manufacturers, Woven Textile suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com ... Textile Fabric Bags Woven Textile Textile Fiber Dyed Textile Apparel Textile Textile Packing Chemical Textile Textile Water ... Wholesale Glass Textile Wholesale Outdoor Textile Wholesale Home Textile Bag Wholesale Cloth Textile Wholesale Textile Fabric ...
  http://www.made-in-china.com/products-search/hot-china-products/Wholesale_Burn_Out_Textile.html
*  300d Polyester Fabric, 300d Polyester Fabric Suppliers and Manufacturers at Alibaba.com
Home , Textiles & Leather Products , fabric , polyester fabric , 300d polyester fabric , 2,828 Results ... Tags: Curtain Fabrics Turkey , Turkish Curtain Fabric , Textile Fabric , View larger image ...
  http://www.alibaba.com/showroom/300d-polyester-fabric.html
*  Wholesale Pigment Textile, China Wholesale Pigment Textile Manufacturers & Suppliers | Made-in-China.com
Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Pigment Textile products in best price from certified Chinese Textile Agent manufacturers, ... Dyes For Textile suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com ... Related Searches: Pigment For Plastic Textile Agent Dyes For Textile Textile Dust Pigment White 5 Paint Pigment Plastic Pigment ... Textile Light Industry & Daily Use Manufacturing & Processing Machinery Arts & Crafts Industrial Equipment & Components ...
  http://www.made-in-china.com/products-search/hot-china-products/Wholesale_Pigment_Textile.html
*  Textiles: Ingenta Connect
Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year ...
  http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/wef/wer/2007/00000079/00000010/art00023
*  Textile - Wikipedia
Textiles and Fabrics.. *. Fisher, Nora. Rio Grande Textiles (Paperbound ed.). Museum of New Mexico Press.. [year needed] ... Washington, D.C.: The Textile Museum. p. 2.. *^ Green Inc. Blog "Cutting Water Use in the Textile Industry." Archived 2009-07- ... are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications, ... Arai, Masanao (Textile Industry Research Institute of Gunma). "From Kitsch to Art Moderne: Popular Textiles for Women in the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fabrics
*  African textiles - Wikipedia
African textiles were often made of animal hair and woven. Some of the oldest surviving African textiles were discovered at the ... Christopher Spring, African Textiles, (New York: Crescent) 1989, p. 3 Spring, Christopher (2012). African textiles today. ... African textiles can be used as historical documents. cloth can be used to commemorate a certain person, event, and even a ... The oldest textiles from sub-Saharan West Africa: woolen facts from Kissi, Burkina Faso. Journal of African Archaeology 8 (2), ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_textiles
*  Finishing (textiles) - Wikipedia
With an aim to protect the skin of the wearer and the textile substrate itself, an anti-microbial finish is applied to textile ... A Handbook of Textiles, Pergamon Press, p. 258, ISBN 0-08-018057-4, ISBN 0-08-018056-6 Kadolph, Sara J (2007). Textiles (10 ed ... 817 Textile Finishing Articles Textile Processing Guide Yarn dyeing tips and techniques. ... In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finishing_(textiles)
*  Snag (textiles) - Wikipedia
In textiles, a snag is created when a sharp or rough object pulls, plucks, scratches, or drags a group of fibres, yarn, or a ... When a snag occurs in certain fine textiles like pantyhose, it is called a run. This is because the snag breaks at least one ... In clothing, snags can also occur in coarse textiles like sweaters, or in certain types of sport jerseys such as for soccer ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snag_(textiles)
*  Balinese textiles - Wikipedia
Splendid Symbols, Textiles and Tradition.Textile Museum, Washington D.C. p.139 Balinese Textiles; Brigitta Hauser-Schaublin, ... Splendid Symbols, Textiles and Tradition.Textile Museum, Washington D.C p.145 Balinese Textiles; Brigitta Hauser-Schaublin, ... Textiles and Tradition.Textile Museum, Washington D.C p.147 Encounters with Bali, A collector's journet. Indonesian Textiles ... Any attempt to definitively describe Balinese textiles and their use is doomed to be incomplete. The use of textile is a living ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_textiles
*  Maya textiles - Wikipedia
Maya textiles are the clothing and other textile arts of the Maya peoples, indigenous peoples of the Yucatán Peninsula in ... The Fabric of Mayan Life: An Exhibit of Textiles. Retrieved 7 March 2012. Mahler, Joy. "Garments and textiles of the Maya ... Women have traditionally created textiles in Maya society, and textiles were a significant form of ancient Maya art and ... Apart from more freehand designs new materials are being introduced into the textiles. For example textiles now, "include the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_textiles

Technical textile: A technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion. Technical textiles include textiles for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.Doffer: A doffer is someone who removes ("doffs") bobbins, pirns or spindles holding spun fiber such as cotton or wool from a spinning frame and replaces them with empty ones. Historically, spinners, doffers, and sweepers each had separate tasks that were required in the manufacture of spun textiles.China Cotton Association: China Cotton Association (CCA) is a China non-profit federation in the area of cotton, which is voluntarily established by cotton farmers, cotton farmers' cooperative organizations, enterprises engaged in cotton production, purchase, processing and operation, cotton textile enterprises, cotton research institutes and other organs and which accepts the supervision and management of the Chinese Ministry of Civil Affairs and the professional guidance of the All-China Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives.ByssinosisGossypium herbaceum: Gossypium herbaceum, commonly known as Levant cotton, is a species of cotton native to the semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa and Arabia where it still grows in the wild as a perennial shrub. It is a sister-species of Gossypium arboreum.Mineral dust: Mineral dust is a term used to indicate atmospheric aerosols originated from the suspension of minerals constituting the soil, being composed of various oxides and carbonates. Human activities lead to 30% of the dust load in the atmosphere.Cold Lake Museums: The Cold Lake Museums are four museums that are located on the old facility of 42 Radar Squadron on the north edge of Cold Lake South. The museums included are the Cold Lake Air Force Museum, as well as the Oil and Gas, Heritage and Aboriginal Museums.Wool (disambiguation): Wool is the fibre commonly produced from sheepChaetomium: Chaetomium is a genus of fungi in the Chaetomiaceae family. It is a dematiaceous (dark-walled) mold normally found in soil, air, cellulose and plant debris.Sustainable clothing: Sustainable clothing refers to fabrics derived from eco-friendly resources, such as sustainably grown fiber crops or recycled materials. It also refers to how these fabrics are made.Industrial waste: Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, mills, and mining operations. It has existed since the start of the Industrial Revolution.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Urtica massaica: Urtica massaica is a species of flowering plant in the Urticaceae (nettle family) known by many English names, including Maasai stinging nettle and forest nettle.Grubben, G.Chrysotile: (SiO)(OH)(ideal)Conus bruguieriSolumbra: Solumbra is a line of sun protection clothing and a patented fabric. Introduced in 1992, Solumbra was reviewed under medical device regulations by the U.Contax N Digital: The Contax N Digital was a six-megapixel digital SLR camera produced by Contax in Japan. The camera was announced in late 2000, and began to be sold in spring 2002, after several delays.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Medical Anthropology Quarterly: Medical Anthropology Quarterly (MAQ) is an international peer-reviewed academic journal published for the Society for Medical Anthropology by the American Anthropological Association. It publishes research and theory about human health and disease from all areas of medical anthropology.Silk Engineering: Silk Engineering was a British motorcycle manufacturer established by George Silk and Maurice Patey and based at Darley Abbey, Derbyshire. They produced Silk 700S two-stroke motorcycles until 1979.Soy ink: Soy ink is a kind of ink made from soybeans. As opposed to traditional petroleum-based ink, soy-based ink is more environmentally friendly, might provide more accurate colors, and makes it easier to recycle paper .Deer Island Waste Water Treatment PlantInvisibility in fiction: Invisibility in fiction is a common plot device, found in both the science fiction and fantasy genres. In fantasy, invisibility is often invoked and dismissed at will, with a magic spell, a potion or a ring.Alternaria: Alternaria is a genus of ascomycete fungi. Alternaria species are known as major plant pathogens.

(1/208) Comparative personal exposures to organic dusts and endotoxin.

The aims of the study were to provide valid comparative data for personal exposures to dust and endotoxins for different occupations and to calculate comparative data for the contamination of organic dusts with endotoxin. Nine different occupational settings were studied, drawn from the textile, agricultural and animal handling industries. Samples were collected by personal sampling techniques, using the Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) sampling head, glass fibre filters and rechargeable sampling pumps. The dust exposures were calculated by gravimetric analysis and using the calculated volume of air sampled were expressed as mg/m3. Endotoxin exposures were measured using a simple water extraction from the collected dusts, followed by a quantitative turbidimetric assay. Results were expressed as ng/m3, using the calculated volume of air sampled. In addition, the levels of the contamination of dusts with endotoxin for individual industries were expressed as ng/mg of collected dust. Two hundred and fifty-nine samples, collected from 9 different industries and across 36 different sites were analysed. This represented a sampling rate of 25% for the total work force. The average sampling time was 4.62 h. For all the dusts collected, a significant correlation between the collected dust and endotoxin was seen (r = 0.7 and p < 0.001). The highest dust exposures occurred during cleaning activities (grain handling: 72.5 mg/m3). The individuals exposed to the highest median level of dust and endotoxin were the animal handlers (poultry handlers, dust: 11.53 mg/m3, endotoxin: 71,995 ng/m3). Weaving and mushroom cultivation had the lowest exposures for dust and endotoxins. The mostly highly contaminated dusts (median values expressed as ng of endotoxin per mg of collected dust) were found in the animal handling (poultry: 1,030 ng/mg, swine: 152 ng/mg) and cotton spinning (522 ng/mg) industries. Processing of cotton and wool fibres was found to reduce the levels of contamination of dusts with endotoxin. In the study, valid comparative data for personal exposures to organic dusts and endotoxins have been presented. The highest exposures were found amongst animal handlers and during cleaning activities. The results highlight that dust exposures are greater in a number of industries than the set exposure standards. In addition, endotoxin exposures are found to be greater than levels at which harmful effects have been demonstrated.  (+info)

(2/208) Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods.

Laboratory and room-scale experiments were conducted with natural and synthetic polymers: cotton, paper, wood, wool, acetate, acrylic, nylon, and urethane. Smoke and off-gases from single materials were generated in a dual-compartment 110-liter exposure chamber. Multicomponent, composite fuel loads were burned within a 100 m(3) facility subdivided into rooms. In chamber experiments, mortality depended on the amount of material burned, i.e., fuel consumption (FC). Conventional dose (FC)/mortality curves were obtained, and the amount of fuel required to produce 50% mortality (FC(50)) was calculated. With simple flame ignition, cotton was the only material that produced smoke concentrations lethal to rats; FC(50) values for cotton ranged from 2 g to 9 g, depending on the configuration of the cotton sample burned. When supplemental conductive heat was added to flame ignition, the following FC(50) values were obtained; nylon, 7 g; acrylic, 8 g; newsprint, 9 g; cotton, 10 g; and wood, 11 g. Mortality resulting from any given material depended upon the specific conditions employed for its thermal decomposition. Toxicity of off-gasses from pyrolysis of phosphorus-containing trimethylol propane-polyurethane foams was markedly decreased by addition of a flame ignition source. Further studies are needed to determine the possible relevance of single-material laboratory scale smoke toxicity experiments. Room-scale burns were conducted to assess the relative contributions of single materials to toxicity of smoke produced by a multicomponent self-perpetuating fire. Preliminary results suggest that this approach permits a realistic evaluation of the contribution of single materials to the toxicity of smoke from residential fires.  (+info)

(3/208) Survival of enterococci and staphylococci on hospital fabrics and plastic.

The transfer of gram-positive bacteria, particularly multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), among patients is a growing concern. One critical aspect of bacterial transfer is the ability of the microorganism to survive on various common hospital surfaces. The purpose of this study was to determine the survival of 22 gram-positive bacteria (vancomycin-sensitive and -resistant enterococci and methicillin-sensitive and -resistant staphylococci) on five common hospital materials: smooth 100% cotton (clothing), 100% cotton terry (towels), 60% cotton-40% polyester blend (scrub suits and lab coats), 100% polyester (privacy drapes), and 100% polypropylene plastic (splash aprons). Swatches were inoculated with 10(4) to 10(5) CFU of a microorganism, assayed daily by placing the swatches in nutritive media, and examining for growth after 48 h. All isolates survived for at least 1 day, and some survived for more than 90 days on the various materials. Smaller inocula (10(2)) survived for shorter times but still generally for days. Antibiotic sensitivity had no consistent effect on survival. The long survival of these bacteria, including MRSA and VRE, on commonly used hospital fabrics, such as scrub suits, lab coats, and hospital privacy drapes, underscores the need for meticulous contact control procedures and careful disinfection to limit the spread of these bacteria.  (+info)

(4/208) Acceptance and use of communal filtration units in guinea worm eradication.

The use of cloth to filter drinking water for guinea worm prevention is a long-standing control strategy and part of a mixed approach that includes the provision of wells, chemical treatment of ponds and protection of water supplies. As the goal of eradication nears, filters are a useful component of the quick response needed to implement case containment at village level. Various designs of filters have been used. Individual hand-sewn filters (HSFs) using monofilament nylon cloth have played a central role in village-based control to date. Problems such as the need to continually reinforce correct habitual filtering behaviour have led to the design and testing of communal filtration units (CFUs) made from metal oil drums with filter cloth inserted in the top and spigots at the bottom. Approximately one year after the introduction of CFUs in the South-western Zone of Nigeria, village surveys were conducted to determine opinions about the two types of filters and reported use. Percentage use was calculated by dividing the number of times water was filtered in the week preceding the survey by the number of times water was collected in that week. Those respondents with access to CFUs filtered an average of 91.9% of the time compared to 75.7% of those with HSFs. Using the village as level of analysis since it was the main level of intervention, the average percent of times villagers in CFU villages filtered was 91.1% compared to 77.8% in HSF villages. Although CFUs were more expensive in the short run, their greater acceptance by villagers is a factor to recommend their wider implementation to speed up elimination of guinea worm from Nigeria.  (+info)

(5/208) Nitrile hydratase and amidase from Rhodococcus rhodochrous hydrolyze acrylic fibers and granular polyacrylonitriles.

Rhodococcus rhodochrous NCIMB 11216 produced nitrile hydratase (320 nkat mg of protein(-1)) and amidase activity (38.4 nkat mg of protein(-1)) when grown on a medium containing propionitrile. These enzymes were able to hydrolyze nitrile groups of both granular polyacrylonitriles (PAN) and acrylic fibers. Nitrile groups of PAN40 (molecular mass, 40 kDa) and PAN190 (molecular mass, 190 kDa) were converted into the corresponding carbonic acids to 1.8 and 1.0%, respectively. In contrast, surfacial nitrile groups of acrylic fibers were only converted to the corresponding amides. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed that 16% of the surfacial nitrile groups were hydrolyzed by the R. rhodochrous enzymes. Due to the enzymatic modification, the acrylic fibers became more hydrophilic and thus, adsorption of dyes was enhanced. This was indicated by a 15% increase in the staining level (K/S value) for C. I. Basic Blue 9.  (+info)

(6/208) Decolorization and detoxification of textile dyes with a laccase from Trametes hirsuta.

Trametes hirsuta and a purified laccase from this organism were able to degrade triarylmethane, indigoid, azo, and anthraquinonic dyes. Initial decolorization velocities depended on the substituents on the phenolic rings of the dyes. Immobilization of the T. hirsuta laccase on alumina enhanced the thermal stabilities of the enzyme and its tolerance against some enzyme inhibitors, such as halides, copper chelators, and dyeing additives. The laccase lost 50% of its activity at 50 mM NaCl while the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of the immobilized enzyme was 85 mM. Treatment of dyes with the immobilized laccase reduced their toxicities (based on the oxygen consumption rate of Pseudomonas putida) by up to 80% (anthraquinonic dyes). Textile effluents decolorized with T. hirsuta or the laccase were used for dyeing. Metabolites and/or enzyme protein strongly interacted with the dyeing process indicated by lower staining levels (K/S) values than obtained with a blank using water. However, when the effluents were decolorized with immobilized laccase, they could be used for dyeing and acceptable color differences (DeltaE*) below 1.1 were measured for most dyes.  (+info)

(7/208) Strike-through of moist contamination by woven and nonwoven surgical materials.

A test is described which correlates the stress of stretching surgical gown and drape material with moist bacterial strike-through. By application of this test to a number of woven and nonwoven surgical gown and drape materials, it was found that not all of these materials, either woven or nonwoven, are impermeable to moist contamination for equal periods of time. Nonwoven disposable materials now in use range from those which remain impermeable to moist bacterial permeation through all tests while some remain impermeable for limited periods of time, and others almost immediately permeable to moist bacterial penetration. The same situation holds for woven materials. Under conditions of our test, Quarpel treated Pima tight-woven cotton cloth was impermeable to moist bacterial strike-through, through up to 75 washing and sterilizing cyclings, while ordinary linen and untreated Pima cloth permitted bacterial permeation almost immediately. These results have significance in lengthy wet surgical operations.  (+info)

(8/208) Cloning and promoter analysis of the cotton lipid transfer protein gene Ltp3(1).

A cotton Ltp3 gene and its 5' and 3' flanking regions have been cloned with a PCR-based genomic DNA walking method. The amplified 2.6 kb DNA fragment contains sequences corresponding to GH3 cDNA which has been shown to encode a lipid transfer protein (LTP3). The gene has an intron of 80 bp which is located in the region corresponding to the C-terminus of LTP3. The Ltp3 promoter was systematically analyzed in transgenic tobacco plants by employing the Escherichia coli beta-glucuronidase gene (GUS) as a reporter. The results of histochemical and fluorogenic GUS assays indicate that the 5' flanking region of the Ltp3 gene contains cis-elements conferring the trichome specific activity of Ltp3 promoter.  (+info)



  • alpaca
  • These accounts say that at the time of European arrival in the region of the Araucanía, local natives wore textiles made with camel's hair (alpaca and llamas), which they had made from the fur of these animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning with non-loom, twined cotton fabric, this textile tradition expanded to include alpaca and llama wool. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthetic
  • The use of 100% synthetic textiles has increased considerably since the development of textured yarns made of filaments, and the growing production of knit goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • The key difference among them is whether synthetic nanoparticles are integrated into the fibres or the textile, or are applied as a coating on the surface, and/or whether nanoparticles are added to the nanoscale fibres or coating. (nanowerk.com)
  • However, textiles and fibres can also be refined by means of nanoscale metal or polymer coatings, produced by immersion, spraying or plasma processes which do not contain synthetic nanoparticles. (nanowerk.com)
  • Azlon , synthetic textile fibre composed of protein material derived from natural sources. (britannica.com)
  • Industry
  • Doubling is a textile industry term synonymous with combining. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the post-war period the magazine featured articles on developments in trade and industry, the introduction of new dyes, finishes and yarns, and the establishment of new organisations to promote fashion and textiles such as the Colour, Design and Style Centre in Manchester. (wikipedia.org)
  • Swifts are not used very much in the textile industry, but are used more by knitters and crocheters who buy their yarn in hank form. (wikipedia.org)
  • The potential of nanotechnology in the development of new materials in the textile industry is considerable. (nanowerk.com)
  • The genesis of the modern chemical industry, which dwarfs the colorant sector and now manufactures products as diverse as plastics, pharmaceuticals, and drugs, lies in the attempts of mid-nineteenth-century chemists to prepare textile dyes and other colorants. (springer.com)
  • However, a more systematic approach to textile colorant research, principally led by the German dye industry, resulted in a better understanding of both chemistry and color-structure relationships. (springer.com)
  • The textile industry is the largest consumer of dyes and organic pigments. (springer.com)
  • particles
  • The scenario envisaged involves electronic components which have been reduced in size by means of nanotechnology being completely fused with the textile material resulting in that textile and non-textile components cannot be differentiated and "foreign particles" can no longer be seen or felt. (nanowerk.com)
  • Retention may rely on intermolecular forces operating between dye and fiber following adsorption onto and/or dissolution within the polymer, formation of covalent bonds between the dye and the fiber, or entrapment of colorant particles within the textile by deposition of an insoluble form of the dye. (springer.com)
  • fiber
  • Most textiles are a variation on rectangular or square pieces of woven palm leaf fiber enhanced by geometric designs executed in linear embroidery and other stitches, which are cut to form pile surfaces resembling velvet. (wikipedia.org)
  • materials
  • The basic materials needed to construct e-textiles, conductive threads and fabrics have been around for over 1000 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • textiles are also used to provide strengthening in composite materials such as fibreglass and industrial geotextiles . (wikipedia.org)
  • The open questions have prompted the Swiss Textile Federation to undertake a joint project with the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA) entitled "Nanosafe Textiles" and to initiate discussions on the topic. (nanowerk.com)
  • Table 1 gives an overview of the improved properties of textile materials that can be achieved using nanotechnology, including the type of nanomaterials used. (nanowerk.com)
  • Researchers are also investigating textile materials made from nanofibres which can act as a filter for pathogens (bacteria, viruses), toxic gasses, or poisonous or harmful substances in the air. (nanowerk.com)
  • Certain nanofibres can absorb a large amount of moisture, hence textile materials are also being studied for use in agriculture: soaked with pesticides, they could be planted together with seeds, rot at the end of the vegetation period and at the same time fertilize the ground. (nanowerk.com)
  • In certain instances, precursors are applied to textile materials to generate the colorant in situ within the textile. (springer.com)
  • production
  • Amuzgo textile production and efforts at preservation are strongest in Xochistlahuaca, with the oldest and most complex designs mostly known only to the oldest weavers in this municipality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several types of raffia cloth are produced for different purposes, the most common form of which is a plain woven cloth that is used as the foundation for decorated textile production. (wikipedia.org)
  • garments
  • In Bali, textiles are much more than just cloths from which garments are made. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electronic textiles, also known as smart garments, smart clothing, smart textiles, or smart fabrics, are fabrics that enable digital components such as a battery and a light (including small computers), and electronics to be embedded in them. (wikipedia.org)
  • cloth
  • African textiles also have significance as historical documents, offering perspectives in cases where written historical accounts are unavailable: "History in Africa may be read, told and recorded in cloth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mills
  • Tata Textile Mills was textile mills business of Tata group with head office at Bombay. (wikipedia.org)
  • The four mills that, for several decades, produced and sold fabrics under the much reputed brand name of Tata Textiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tata Mills at Parel was taken over by National Textile Corporation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, as per latest news, Tata Housing Development Company will get possession of a large area of land in the heart of Mumbai which has been in possession of the defunct National Textiles Corporation-run Tata Mills at Parel. (wikipedia.org)
  • So, by 1997, Tata Textile Mills would up business. (wikipedia.org)
  • motifs
  • Textile weaving boasts a variety of motifs, such as guilloche interlace, which embroidery artists employed along with color, line and texture to yield varied compositions and visual effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • exhibit
  • Review Gallery of Kaitag textiles Kaitag Embroideries, Textile Art from Daghestan, 2007 museum exhibit Daghestan's Kaitag Embroideries -- and Henri Matisse? (wikipedia.org)
  • No matter the area of application, users expect technical textiles to exhibit high performance levels with respect to long lifetime, durability, strength and weight. (borealisgroup.com)
  • sensors
  • Electronic textiles are distinct from wearable computing because emphasis is placed on the seamless integration of textiles with electronic elements like microcontrollers, sensors, and actuators. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • According to Gittinger in 1970, What is known about them comes entirely from records in the Museum fur Volkskunde Basel, however bebali textiles can be bought today in the Kumba Sari market in Denpasar. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, 3D textiles are those with multiple layers or 3D shapes (in addition to the x and y axis, there is a z. (innovateuk.org)
  • Many questions remain unanswered, however, there is a need for considerably more research not only for product development but also into the usefulness and risks which nano-textiles give rise to. (nanowerk.com)
  • volumes
  • Research underway could lead to radical developments in the textiles recycling sector within the next few years, and result in significant volumes of textiles being diverted back into use as. (innovateuk.org)
  • Some of the biggest-selling textile dyes are truly commodities, being produced in volumes of over 1,000 tonnes each year for supply at just a few dollars per kilogram or even less. (springer.com)
  • conventional
  • A special stabilisation package added to our grades used in textile applications increases their long-term heat and UV stability by more than 100% when compared to conventional grades. (borealisgroup.com)
  • material
  • Ground-breaking research has successfully created the world's first truly electronic textile, using the wonder material graphene. (innovateuk.org)
  • Textile colorants impart color to a textile material, usually with a high degree of permanency, as a result of their chemical binding or physical entrapment within or around the textile material. (springer.com)
  • The former substances are present in solution at some point during their application, whereas the latter colorants remain insoluble within any vehicle in which they are applied as well as within the textile material itself. (springer.com)
  • clothes
  • They dressed their dead in their best clothes and finest textiles for their funerals. (wikipedia.org)
  • More than 30 Leicestershire textile businesses took part in an event looking at how to become more attractive to major clothes retailers. (innovateuk.org)
  • technical
  • The slight sculptural relief, elaborate geometric designs and technical cohesiveness of the textiles indicate that they were created by highly skilled elders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technical textiles, fashion and entertainment will also be significant applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of gas fading-free additives in our grades used in technical textile applications eliminates the potential for any adverse reaction with nitrogen oxide in the atmosphere. (borealisgroup.com)
  • design
  • In textile design, the Africans of the Kasai-Sankuru region do not project a composition as an integrated repetition of elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until recently, Euro-American attitudes on this point were so fixed that they called a textile design a "repeat," and expected to find a unit of identical imagery repeated over the surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, e-textiles are also found in interior design. (wikipedia.org)
  • elders
  • Knowledge of both weaving techniques and textile patterns particular to the locality were usually transmitted within the family, with mothers, grandmothers, and aunts teaching a girl the skills they had learned from their own elders. (wikipedia.org)
  • fashion
  • International Textiles (later The Ambassador) was a British export magazine for textiles and fashion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Initially the magazine included advertisements, editorial comment and illustrated fashion news on all aspects of international fashion and textiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the end of the War this situation was formalised and from March 1946 the British magazine changed its title to The Ambassador, acting as the British export journal for textiles and fashion. (wikipedia.org)
  • subtle
  • Our beloved hydrangeas are rendered in a soft watercolor effect brought to life with the subtle ribs and slubs of the textured ground textile. (donghia.com)
  • arts
  • Women who excelled in the textile arts were highly honored for their :accomplishments and contributed economically and culturally to their kinship group. (wikipedia.org)
  • applications
  • Performance enhancing smart textiles are intended for use in athletic, extreme sports and military applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Future applications for e-textiles may be developed for sports and well-being products, and medical devices for patient monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foremost among the applications currently feasible are, in particular dirt and/or waterrepellent and antibacterial textiles and, although they are as yet produced on a very small scale, textiles which give UV radiation protection and so-called "Cosmeto-textiles" (e.g. ladies tights) with woven-in nano-capsules containing special body care substances. (nanowerk.com)
  • Initially
  • Initially named CENAT (Centro Nacional de Artesania Textile), in 1995 the name changed to ASOTRAMA (Asociación Trama) and, finally, TRAMA Textiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Textile dyes are usually applied from solution although certain types may be present initially as a dispersion or applied from the vapor phase. (springer.com)
  • types
  • In clothing, snags can also occur in coarse textiles like sweaters, or in certain types of sport jerseys such as for soccer (football). (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Women have traditionally created textiles in Maya society, and textiles were a significant form of ancient Maya art and religious beliefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kaitag textiles are an unusual embroidered textile art form from the Kaytagsky District of southwest Daghestan, Russia, inhabited mainly by Dargins and Kumyks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • A new report from Cientifica Research examines the markets for textile based wearable technologies, the companies producing them and the enabling technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • name
  • Bebali is the name usually ascribed to a small group of textiles that appear to have been completely sacred in function. (wikipedia.org)
  • One name the Amuzgo have for themselves is Tzjon non, especially in San Pedro Amuzgos, which means "people of the textiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Style Name:Living Textiles Kayden 200 Thread Count Set Of 2 Fitted Crib Sheets. (shopstyle.com)
  • range
  • László Moholy-Nagy became the Art Director of the magazine, dictated the total format of International Textiles and brought to bear his wide range of elementary graphic devices and their agile permutation to direct the reader's mind through forceful, clear, legible and fresh layouts. (wikipedia.org)
  • international
  • Nevertheless his wide business contacts facilitated his establishment of Pallas Studio and helped him to launch International Textiles on 15 December 1933. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1933 the magazine International Textiles was set up in Amsterdam where it was published every two months. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the outbreak of the Second World War communications were severed between the Dutch and English offices and the two journals continued publication independently during the War, both using the title International Textiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The original magazine continued publication in the Netherlands under the title International Textiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The impact of disease-causing free radicals on the human body may be reduced by wearing special high-tech textiles just a few hours a day, according to a recent international study. (innovateuk.org)
  • Visuals and identity for the campaign Textiles from Spain 2012 organized by AITPA to promote the Spanish textiles on international fairs. (behance.net)