Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Drama: A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Radio: The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Sedentary Lifestyle: Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Leisure Activities: Voluntary use of free time for activities outside the daily routine.Communications Media: The means of interchanging or transmitting and receiving information. Historically the media were written: books, journals, newspapers, and other publications; in the modern age the media include, in addition, radio, television, computers, and information networks.Wit and Humor as Topic: The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.ComputersMedicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Cartoons as Topic: Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Dyssomnias: A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Books, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)Hotlines: A direct communication system, usually telephone, established for instant contact. It is designed to provide special information and assistance through trained personnel and is used for counseling, referrals, and emergencies such as poisonings and threatened suicides.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Folklore: The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Literature, ModernImitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Cookbooks as Topic: Set of instructions about how to prepare food for eating using specific instructions.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.United StatesParent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)

*  A History of Government Management of UFO Perceptions through Film and Television

Labels: Armstrong Circle Theatre , By Matthew Alford , By Robbie Graham , Film , Perceptions , Television , UFOs ... On 22 January 1958, the popular CBS television show Armstrong Circle Theatre presented an entire programme dedicated to the ... A History of Government Management of UFO Perceptions through Film and Television ... "1 The rest of his announcement went unheard by television viewers: unbeknownst to Keyhoe, his microphone had been cut by the ...
theufochronicles.com/2011/04/history-of-government-management-of-ufo.html

*  Media & Melanin: Representation Matters - CREATIVE LIBERATION

I've always--subconsciously and purposely--sought out the people of color in films and on television. I've watched an entire ... could excel in both the tangible and the supernatural made me fall in love with the television show. I could see myself in ...
creativeliberationblog.com/blog/2016/1/15/media-melanin-representation-matters

*  GLAAD: Too few transgender characters on TV - CNN

... but LGBT representation is still sorely lacking on television, according to GLAAD. ... "The expansion of the television landscape into digital platforms is helping to spark needed changes, as content creators like ... MTV's "Faking It" introduced television's first intersex character. Lauren, played by Bailey De Young, has androgen ... is but one of a few LGBT representations in television according to a GLAAD study released in October 2015. ...
cnn.com/2015/10/27/entertainment/glaad-study-transgender-tv-thr-feat/index.html

*  READING EXERCISE - Test Your Understanding #10, Children & Television

A new study suggests that very young children who watch a lot of television may have attentio... ... For example, they say that children who watch a lot of television are not able to sit and read for an extended period of time. ... 4. Children who watch five hours of television a day could be expected to have how much of an increase in the risk of attention ... The new study tested the idea that television watching by very young children is linked to attention problems by the age of ...
https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/a-23-a-2004-08-04-4-1-83121167/122759.html

*  Patent US6661473 - Projection type television receiver, and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

That is, in a projection type television receiver having a projection unit of various sizes, one chassis can be commonly used. ... Advanced projection television screen. US6205229 *. May 15, 1998. Mar 20, 2001. Daewoo Electronics Co., Ltd.. Television having ... Wire dress protector for a television cabinet stand. EP0766465A1. Sep 27, 1996. Apr 2, 1997. Sony Corporation. Television ... In this constitution, tumbling of the television receiver is prevented.. A manufacturing method of projection type television ...
google.com/patents/US6661473?dq=3984803

*  International Mobility Program: Canadian interests - Significant benefit - Television and film production workers [R205(a)] ...

Television and film production workers [R205(a)] (exemption code C14) ... As of February 17, 2016, foreign nationals in the television (TV) and film industry whose position or occupation is essential ... International Mobility Program: Canadian interests - Significant benefit - Television and film production workers [R205(a)] ( ...
cic.gc.ca/english/resources/tools/temp/work/opinion/imp-c14.asp

*  Quality Improvement and Health Care Reform - UCTV - University of California Television

... and enrichment television programming to the public and draws upon the vast intellectual, scientific, and creative talents of ... University of California Television provides informational, educational, ...
uctv.tv/series/Quality-Improvement-and-Health-Care-Reform-644

*  The reverse pyramid: a quali-quantitative study about food advertising inside children's television programmes.

... we wanted to investigate the quantity and the typology of advertising on air during children's television programmes. The ... A child watching a television program addressed to him, must see commercials that advertise foodstuffs in 42.45% of cases, and ... During this period all children's television programmes, in which cartoons are aired were recorded during third week of each ... we wanted to investigate the quantity and the typology of advertising on air during children's television programmes.. METHODS ...
biomedsearch.com/nih/reverse-pyramid-quali-quantitative-study/22350040.html

*  A Meta-analysis of Interventions That Target Children's Screen Time for Reduction | Review Articles | Pediatrics

Is television healthy? The medical perspective. In: Pecora N, Murray JP, Wartella EA eds. Children and Television: Fifty Years ... Is television a health and safety hazard? A cross-sectional analysis of at-risk behavior on primetime television. J Appl Soc ... Effects of contingent television on physical activity and television viewing in obese children. Pediatrics. 2001;107(5):1043- ... Television viewing and television in bedroom associated with overweight risk among low-income preschool children. Pediatrics. ...
pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/1/e193

*  Secondhand television exposure linked to eating disorders | EurekAlert! Science News

... independently of their own viewing or access to a television at home. ... Secondhand television exposure linked to eating disorders. Harvard Medical School. Journal. British Journal of Psychiatry. ... The study's subjects did not even need to have a television at home to see raised risk levels of eating disorder symptoms. ... Some remote areas in the recent study still did not have electricity, cell phone reception, television or the Internet when the ...
https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-01/hms-ste010611.php

*  Arabs On Television: An Unbalanced Picture - latimes

You see them on your set. They're rich. They're primitive. They're conniving. They're TV's \o7 Ay-rabs\f7 .A scene from the syndicated children's series 'Heathcliff':An oil-rich sheik arrives in the
articles.latimes.com/1986-01-15/entertainment/ca-28429_1_alex-odeh

*  Patent US5859662 - Apparatus and method for selectively viewing video information - Google Patents

In one mode of operation, the television presentation system may be used to scan one or more television channels unattended, ... A closed captioning decoder extracts a closed captioning digital text stream from a television signal. A viewer specifies one ... A television presentation and editing system uses closed captioning text to locate items of interest. ... captioning digital text stream for words or phrases matching the search parameters The corresponding segment of the television ...
google.ca/patents/US5859662

*  UCSF 2010 Liver Transplant: Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Iron Overload - UCTV - University of California Television

... and enrichment television programming to the public and draws upon the vast intellectual, scientific, and creative talents of ... University of California Television provides informational, educational, ...
uctv.tv/shows/UCSF-2010-Liver-Transplant-Hepatocellular-Carcinoma-and-Iron-Overload-20674

*  Yuvraj Singh s Fight Against Cancer to be Aired on National Television

... ... will soon be aired on national television in a three-part series titled "Zindagi Abhi Baaki Hai". ... will soon be aired on national television. ...
medindia.net/news/yuvraj-singhs-fight-against-cancer-to-be-aired-on-national-television-106669-1.htm

*  Combustion Characteristics of Flat Panel Televisions With and Without Fire Retardants in the Casing | SpringerLink

The television of the 2US design did not pass the UL-94 test but did contain 9.7% tris(tribromophenoxy) triazine and 1.67% ... A 50 W flame source was then applied to a different area of the television for 2 s to 10 s intervals, a 60 s interval and a 180 ... In all subsequent tests, a 500 W ignition source was applied for 180 s to the back of each television. A total of two of each ... In test #4 the first of the US market television 1US was subjected to the needle burner for 60 s with the result of a guttering ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10694-014-0420-7

*  UCLA Pediatric Grand Rounds - UCTV - University of California Television

... and enrichment television programming to the public and draws upon the vast intellectual, scientific, and creative talents of ... University of California Television provides informational, educational, ...
uctv.tv/ucla_pediatrics/

*  CMNS 423: The Television Age : Communication Studies : Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies : Faculty of Humanities & Social...

CMNS 423: The Television Age. The most corrosive piece of technology that I've ever seen is called television - but then, again ... Both corrosive and magnificent? Do you agree, or do you watch television at all? Do you watch television programs on your iPad ... However you answer these questions, the television industry permeates not only our leisure time but our daily lives and ... Communication Studies 423: The Television Age, now available in an extensive new revision with new textbook and readings, helps ...
cmns.athabascau.ca/featured_courses/cmns423/

*  More Programs In Continuing Medical Education / Programs with Credit - UCTV - University of California Television

... and enrichment television programming to the public and draws upon the vast intellectual, scientific, and creative talents of ... University of California Television provides informational, educational, ...
uctv.tv/search-moreresults.aspx?catSubID=82&subject=health

*  Prescription Drugs on TV: Making More Dollars than Sense. | HubPages

Most of the people who watch TV today are too young to remember the early and more innocent days of television advertising. ... Television is the best way to step into the homes of America and teach and inform; but is this really the goal of direct to ... I love to watch television ads--not because I'm a wreckless consumer, but because I like to keep up on the tricks of the trade ... It is now almost impossible to watch even one show on television without seeing an ad for some kind of prescription drug. In ...
https://hubpages.com/education/Prescription-Drugs-on-TV

*  TV Quiz: Television High School Boyfriend Personality Type Quizzes

Find your television high school boyfriend: Glee's Artie (nerdy), Awkward's Matty (athletic), Vampire Diaries' Jeremy (loner ...
clevver.com/television-high-school-boyfriend-personality-match-quiz/

*  Gray Television rides high on political wave | Radio & Television Business Report

The 2010 midterm elections were very good for Gray Television, which enjoyed a record windfall in political advertising. The ... The 2010 midterm elections were very good for Gray Television, which enjoyed a record windfall in political advertising. The ...
rbr.com/gray-television-rides-high-on-political-wave/

*  Patent US3660594 - Line-scan television system employing spectrum analysis - Google Patents

... or to permit full-color television reception. The picture reproduction equipment at the ground station is time synchronized ... A line-scan television system adapted to be mounted aboard a satellite or similar vehicle for televising an object, such as the ... A line-scan television system adapted to be mounted aboard a satellite or similar vehicle for televising an object, such as the ... A line-scan television system adapted to be mounted aboard a satellite or similar vehicle for televising an object, such as the ...
google.com/patents/US3660594?dq=552685

*  Television : NPR

Television
npr.org/tags/126919264/television/archive?start=placeholder&date=11-30-2000

*  Television - latimes

Television. May 08, 1992,ALEENE MacMINN , Arts and entertainment reports from The Times, national and international news ...
articles.latimes.com/1992-05-08/entertainment/ca-1623_1_wells-fargo-bank

*  Television - latimes

Television. April 24, 1993,ROBIN RAUZI , Arts and entertainment reports from The Times, national and international news ...
articles.latimes.com/1993-04-24/entertainment/ca-26481_1_public-service-channel

Emergency (UK television programme): Emergency was a twentieth century UK television programme presented by Sue Robbie where a panel of experts gave advice on emergency situations. The programme was produced by David Crossman, and was an Action Time production for This Morning and Granada Television.BBC television dramaAdvertising Standards Canada: Advertising Standards Canada (ASC) is the advertising industry's non-profit self-regulating body created in 1957 to ensure the integrity and viability of advertising in Canada. The organization includes over 160 advertisers, advertising agencies, media organizations, and suppliers to the advertising sector.List of FM radio stations in Bangalore: There are 14 radio stations in Bangalore.Jeff Wayne's The War of the Worlds (1998 video game): Jeff Wayne's The War of the Worlds is a real-time strategy video game developed by Rage Software Limited and released for Windows-based PCs in 1998. It is based on Jeff Wayne's Musical Version of The War of the Worlds — which is itself based on H.Mass media impact on spatial perception: Mass media influences spatial perception through journalistic cartography and spatial bias in news coverage.Persuasions of the Witch's Craft: Persuasion's of the Witches' Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England is a study of several Wiccan and ceremonial magic groups that assembled in southern England during the 1980s. It was written by the American anthropologist Tanya M.Castleberry's Food Company: Castleberry's Food Company was an Augusta, Georgia-based canned food company founded in the 1920s by Clement Stewart Castleberry with the help of his father Clement Lamar Castleberry and closed permanently in March 2008 by the United States Food and Drug Administration.Bar joke: A bar joke is a very common and basic type of joke. The basic syntax of this type of joke is "A man walks into a bar and ".Motion Picture Association of America film rating systemCalculator: An electronic calculator is a small, portable electronic device used to perform both basic operations of arithmetic and complex mathematical operations.Spanking Shakespeare: Spanking Shakespeare (2007) is the debut novel by Jake Wizner. It is a young adult novel that tells the story of the unfortunately named Shakespeare Shapiro and his struggles in high school, dating and friendship.List of Warner Bros. cartoons with Blue Ribbon reissuesDyssomniaFrom Occident to Orient: From Occident to Orient is a 2007 compilation by English folk/rock singer-songwriter Roy Harper. It was initially released as a collectors item by Vinyl Japan to coincide with Harpers 2007 tour there.Cones Hotline: The Cones Hotline was a telephone hotline introduced by the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom John Major in June 1992 to allow members of the public to enquire about roadworks on the country's roads and report areas where traffic cones had been deployed on a road for no apparent reason. The telephone number for the hotline (originally 0345 504030, later 08457 504030) was usually displayed on signs after sections of roadworks.Banquet Foods: Banquet Foods is a subsidiary of ConAgra Foods that sells various food products, including frozen pre-made entrées, meals, and desserts.Soul eater (folklore): A soul eater is a folklore figure in the traditional belief systems of some African peoples, notably the Hausa people of Nigeria and Niger.Madrasi chess: Madrasi chess is a chess variant invented in 1979 by Abdul Jabbar Karwatkar which uses the conventional rules of chess with the addition that when a piece is attacked by a piece of the same type but opposite colour (for example, a black queen attacking a white queen) it is paralysed and becomes unable to move, capture or give check. Most of the time, two like pieces attack each other mutually, meaning they are both paralysed (en passant pawn captures are an exception to this, since the attack is not mutual.Jonathan AllynThe great imitator: The Great Imitator is a phrase used for medical conditions that feature nonspecific symptoms and may be confused with a number of other diseases.J.Classification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Social marketing: Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviors that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good. It seeks to integrate research, best practice, theory, audience and partnership insight, to inform the delivery of competition sensitive and segmented social change programs that are effective, efficient, equitable and sustainable.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingSalted: A Manifesto on the World's Most Essential Mineral, with Recipes: Salted: A Manifesto on the World's Most Essential Mineral, with Recipes (Ten Speed Press, 2010, ISBN 978-1-58008-262-4) is a reference book and cookbook written by food writer Mark Bitterman. In May 2011 Salted won the James Beard Foundation Award for Reference and Scholarship Cookbook.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Congress Mine: The Congress Mine is a gold mine located at the ghost town of Congress, Arizona on the southeastern slope of the Date Creek Mountains, approximately 18 miles north-northeast of Wickenburg, Arizona at an elevation of about 3,000 feet (Lat. 34.Overweight PoochVideo tape tracking: In a video tape recorder, tracking is a calibration adjustment which ensures that the spinning playback head is properly aligned with the helical scan signal written onto the tape.

(1/796) How can videolaparoscopy be used in a peritoneal dialysis programme?

BACKGROUND: Recently videolaparoscopy is considered to have a vaster use in surgery due to the undeniable benefits such as low operatory traumatism, quick recovery of canalization, a short stay in the hospital and minor scarring. METHODS: Forty patients were treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD); 15 videolaparoscopic procedures were performed on 13 patients before starting PD and two during the course of PD. The videolaparoscopy procedure was started by inducing pneumoperitoneum after initiation of general anaesthesia through endotracheal intubation. RESULTS: Peritoneal catheter placement was carried out in 11 ESRD patients showing abdominal scars due to previous laparotomies; their abdominal condition precluded safe PC placement using conventional non-laparoscopic procedures with local anaesthesia. Release of adhesions was performed only in two patients. Videolaparoscopy was also used in three patients for elective cholecystectomy; 2/3 underwent concomitant PC insertion. One patient was submitted to cholecystectomy during the course of CAPD; following the procedure we left the peritoneum dry overnight and then we started temporary IPD, using small volumes, avoiding haemodialysis (HD). Regular CAPD was resumed 6 days later. Finally, videolaparoscopy was also used for diagnostic purpose i.e. in one 59-year-old man patient who had a peritoneal catheter obstruction. Repeated rescue attempts using urokinase solution to irrigate the peritoneal catheter had been used in vain attempts prior to the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Videolaparoscopy proves to be a useful tool in a PD programme. Firstly, it may be used as a technique for catheter implantation, not as a routine procedure but in patients with extensive abdominal scars due to previous laparotomy, i.e. at risk for accidental viscera perforation due to the possibility of adhesions between intestinal loops and parietal peritoneum. Secondly, videolaparoscopy used for abdominal surgery allows the resumption of PD immediately after surgical procedure and thus avoiding HD. Videolaparoscopy is fundamental for diagnosis and rescue of catheter dysfunction and has an integral role in the successful management of these patients in extending catheter function and permitting safe replacement of peritoneal catheter if it becomes necessary. Along with the undeniable advantages, remains the disadvantages that it must be carried out by an expert surgeon in an operating theatre while the patient is under general anaesthesia.  (+info)

(2/796) The reach and effectiveness of a national mass media-led smoking cessation campaign in The Netherlands.

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the reach, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of a mass media-led smoking cessation campaign including television shows, a television clinic, a quit line, local group programs, and a comprehensive publicity campaign. METHODS: A random sample of baseline smokers (n = 1338) was interviewed before and after the campaign and at a 10-month follow-up. A nonpretested control group (n = 508) of baseline smokers was incorporated to control for test effects. RESULTS: Most smokers were aware of the campaign, although active participation rates were low. Dose-response relations between exposure and quitting were found. The follow-up point prevalence abstinence rate attributable to the campaign was estimated to be 4.5% after control for test effects and secular trends. The cost per long-term quitter was about $12. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of a massive rise in tobacco promotion expenditures prior to the campaign and the absence of governmental control over the media, the campaign under study may have increased normal cessation rates substantially.  (+info)

(3/796) Effects of a drug overdose in a television drama on presentations to hospital for self poisoning: time series and questionnaire study.

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a serious paracetamol overdose in the medical television drama Casualty altered the incidence and nature of general hospital presentations for deliberate self poisoning. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis of presentations for self poisoning at accident and emergency departments during three week periods before and after the broadcast. Questionnaire responses collected from self poisoning patients during the same periods. SETTING: 49 accident and emergency departments and psychiatric services in United Kingdom collected incidence data; 25 services collected questionnaire data. SUBJECTS: 4403 self poisoning patients; questionnaires completed for 1047. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in presentation rates for self poisoning in the three weeks after the broadcast compared with the three weeks before, use of paracetamol and other drugs for self poisoning, and the nature of overdoses in viewers of the broadcast compared with non-viewers. RESULTS: Presentations for self poisoning increased by 17% (95% confidence interval 7% to 28%) in the week after the broadcast and by 9% (0 to 19%) in the second week. Increases in paracetamol overdoses were more marked than increases in non-paracetamol overdoses. Thirty two patients who presented in the week after the broadcast and were interviewed had seen the episode-20% said that it had influenced their decision to take an overdose, and 17% said it had influenced their choice of drug. The use of paracetamol for overdose doubled among viewers of Casualty after the episode (rise of 106%; 28% to 232%). CONCLUSIONS: Broadcast of popular television dramas depicting self poisoning may have a short term influence in terms of increases in hospital presentation for overdose and changes in the choice of drug taken. This raises serious questions about the advisability of the media portraying suicidal behaviour.  (+info)

(4/796) Health education in television entertainment--Medisch Centrum West: a Dutch drama serial.

World-wide a number of groups have sought ways to incorporate health messages into television entertainment like popular drama and soap serials. In the Netherlands, the Heart Foundation incorporated its cardiovascular health message in several episodes of a popular Dutch hospital serial called Medisch Centrum West. To obtain greater insight into the impact of this so-called 'entertainment-education (E & E) strategy', an evaluation study was carried out. Medisch Centrum West was both entertaining and informative at the same time. Although viewers were well aware that the programme included a health message, they did not find it intrusive to their enjoyment of the storyline. It was interesting to learn that fans were more tolerant and positive towards the E & E strategy than non-fans. Age, sex and education level explained only 5% of the variance.  (+info)

(5/796) Effect of closed circuit television on urban violence.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of city and town centre closed circuit television (CCTV) surveillance on violence in terms of accident and emergency (A&E) department and police assault data. METHODS: A&E department and local police assault data in three centres in Wales (Cardiff, Swansea, and Rhyl) two years before and two years after the installation of CCTV were studied. British Crime Survey and police crime statistics were used as control data. RESULTS: A&E records of 24,442 assault patients and 3228 violent offences recorded by the police were studied. Data from two A&E departments (Swansea (+3%) and Rhyl (+45%)) showed increases in recorded assaults after CCTV installation but a decrease (12%) in the largest centre, Cardiff. There was an overall reduction in town/city centre violence from the A&E department perspective of 1% in the two years after CCTV installation. In contrast, police data demonstrated changes in the opposite direction (-44%, -24%, and +20% respectively) contributing to an overall decrease of 9%. British Crime Survey and police statistics for England and Wales demonstrated no overall change and a 16% increase respectively. CONCLUSIONS: City centre CCTV installation had no obvious influence on levels of assaults recorded in A&E departments. There was a negative relationship between police and A&E recording in all three centres. A&E departments are important and unique sources of information about community violence.  (+info)

(6/796) Ultrasonic videodensitometric analysis of myocardium in end-stage renal disease treated with haemodialysis.

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate videodensitometric parameters of the myocardium, in dialysis patients, who represent a complex pathophysiological model of pressure volume overload, and in essential hypertensive patients with the same level of left ventricular mass. METHODS: We compared a group of male dialysis patients (D) with two groups: hypertensive patients (H) with comparable left ventricular mass and normotensive healthy subjects as controls (C). The groups (n=15 each) were age- (53 +/- 9 years) and gender-matched. Quantitative analysis of echocardiographic digitalized imaging was performed to calculate the mean grey level (MGL) and cyclic variation index (CVI). RESULTS: The haemodialysis patients had a significantly lower CVI compared with hypertensives and controls both for septum (D): -2.5 +/- 17.4% vs (H); 11.8 +/- 17% vs (C); 43.2 +/- 15.4% (P<0.001) and for posterior wall (D): -10.1 +/- 261% vs (H); 14.2 +/- 14.7% vs (C); 46.6 +/- 17.2% (P<0.001). A significant inverse relationship was found between intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and CVI. CONCLUSION: Abnormalities of two-dimensional echocardiographic grey level distribution are present in both haemodialysis patients and hypertensive patients, but seem unrelated to the degree of echocardiographic hypertrophy. These videodensitometric myocardial alterations are significantly higher in dialysis patients than in hypertensive patients with the same extent of left ventricular hypertrophy. The iPTH level may play a role in the development of the ultrasonic myocardial alterations, which probably represent an early stage of uraemic cardiomyopathy.  (+info)

(7/796) Regional ischemia in hypertrophic Langendorff-perfused rat hearts.

Myocardial hypertrophy decreases the muscle mass-to-vascularization ratio, thereby changing myocardial perfusion. The effect of these changes on myocardial oxygenation in hypertrophic Langendorff-perfused rat hearts was measured using epimyocardial NADH videofluorimetry, whereby ischemic myocardium displays a high fluorescence intensity. Hypertrophic hearts, in contrast to control hearts, developed ischemic areas during oxygen-saturated Langendorff perfusion. Reoxygenation of control hearts after a hypoxic episode resulted in a swift decrease of fluorescence in a heterogeneous pattern of small, evenly dispersed, highly fluorescent patches. Identical patterns could be evoked by occluding capillaries with microspheres 5.9 micrometer in diameter. Ten seconds after reoxygenation there were no more dysoxic areas, whereas reoxygenation in hypertrophic hearts showed larger ischemic areas that took significantly longer to return to normoxic fluorescence intensities. Hypothesizing that the larger areas originate at a vascular level proximal to the capillary network, we induced hypoxic patterns by embolizing control hearts with microspheres 9.8 and 15 micrometer in diameter. The frequency distribution histograms of these dysoxic surface areas matched those of hypertrophic hearts and differed significantly from those of hearts embolized with 5.9-micrometer microspheres. These results suggest the existence of areas in hypertrophic Langendorff-perfused hearts with suboptimal vascularization originating at the arteriolar and/or arterial level.  (+info)

(8/796) The impact of television on attitudes towards organ donation--a survey in a German urban population sample.

BACKGROUND: The stagnation or decrease in organ donation rates since 1992 in Germany has partly been attributed to the negative impact of reports about organ donation periodically presented by German television between 1992 and 1997. This study was performed to elucidate the impact of the media on the public's attitudes towards organ donation. METHODS: A questionnaire concerning different aspects of organ donation was sent to the parents of pupils of a high school in a German city in 1994 and 1998. RESULTS: In 1994, 940 adults could be identified who had (TV+, n = 546) or had not (TV-, n = 394) followed at least one television discussion about the topic. In 1998, the group consisted of 756 (TV+, n = 443 and TV-, n = 313) adults. The discriminating question was of sufficient strength to reveal significant differences between TV(+) and TV(-) respondents. Contrary to an assumed negative impact of TV, differences between the groups were detectable mainly in questions regarding information, but not in those which dealt with personal fears and concerns. The main results obtained in both surveys were identical. Furthermore, from 1994 to 1998 there was a trend in favour of information and organ donation for TV(+) but not for TV(-) respondents. CONCLUSION: The assumption that TV has had a negative impact on donation rates must be rejected. Therefore, the stagnation/decline in donation rates must be attributed to other factors.  (+info)



made


  • Most art television made in Australia concentrates on individual artists and their studio practice, and while there have been many fine examples of this approach in recent years, it has been decades since anyone attempted to describe the big picture of contemporary Australian art - asking questions such as: how does contemporary art fit into Australian culture at large? (abc.net.au)
  • A recent Temple University graduate is riding high, thanks to an award from the Television Academy Foundation for a video project he made while. (philly.com)

Variety


  • CBC News produces a variety of local newscasts for CBC Television 's owned-and-operated stations (O&Os) throughout Canada . (wikipedia.org)

news


  • CBRT-DT Calgary would also join CBUT and CBLT in carrying weekend local news programming during the fall of 2011, and CBNT-DT St. John's launched a local weekend newscast in the spring of 2012, as part of a five-year strategy by the CBC to improve its services to six million Canadian homes unserved or underserved by CBC's radio, television and internet services. (wikipedia.org)

years


  • A Bush television set, which is nearly 60 years old, has been successfully converted to receive the digital signal. (itv.com)