Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Swine, Miniature: Genetically developed small pigs for use in biomedical research. There are several strains - Yucatan miniature, Sinclair miniature, and Minnesota miniature.African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.Classical Swine Fever: An acute, highly contagious disease affecting swine of all ages and caused by the CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS. It has a sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality.Classical swine fever virus: A species of the PESTIVIRUS genus causing exceedingly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Swine Vesicular Disease: An enterovirus infection of swine clinically indistinguishable from FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, vesicular stomatitis, and VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE. It is caused by a strain of HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS B.Dysentery: Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.Vesicular Exanthema of Swine: A calicivirus infection of swine characterized by hydropic degeneration of the oral and cutaneous epithelia.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Swine Erysipelas: An acute and chronic contagious disease of young pigs caused by Erysipelothrix insidiosa.Influenza A Virus, H1N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 2. It is endemic in both human and pig populations.Orthomyxoviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE.Pneumonia of Swine, Mycoplasmal: A chronic, clinically mild, infectious pneumonia of PIGS caused by MYCOPLASMA HYOPNEUMONIAE. Ninety percent of swine herds worldwide are infected with this economically costly disease that primarily affects animals aged two to six months old. The disease can be associated with porcine respiratory disease complex. PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA is often found as a secondary infection.Gastroenteritis, Transmissible, of Swine: A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a CORONAVIRUS.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Reassortant Viruses: Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.Hepatitis E virus: A positive-stranded RNA virus species in the genus HEPEVIRUS, causing enterically-transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis (HEPATITIS E).Edema Disease of Swine: An acute disease of young pigs that is usually associated with weaning. It is characterized clinically by paresis and subcutaneous edema.Vesicular exanthema of swine virus: The type species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting pigs. The resulting infection is an acute febrile disease which is clinically indistinguishable from FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE. Transmission is by contaminated food.Hepatitis E: Acute INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans; caused by HEPATITIS E VIRUS, a non-enveloped single-stranded RNA virus. Similar to HEPATITIS A, its incubation period is 15-60 days and is enterically transmitted, usually by fecal-oral transmission.Treponemal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus TREPONEMA.Manure: Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.Abattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Iridoviridae: A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.Enteroviruses, Porcine: Species of ENTEROVIRUS causing mild to severe neurological diseases among pigs especially in Eastern Europe. Mild strains are also present in Canada, U.S., and Australia. Specific species include Porcine enterovirus A and Porcine enterovirus B.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Pseudorabies: A highly contagious herpesvirus infection affecting the central nervous system of swine, cattle, dogs, cats, rats, and other animals.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus: A species of ARTERIVIRUS causing reproductive and respiratory disease in pigs. The European strain is called Lelystad virus. Airborne transmission is common.Brachyspira hyodysenteriae: A species of anaerobic, spiral bacteria that was formerly classified as Serpulina hyodysenteriae and Treponema hyodysenteriae (and for a short while, Serpula hyodysenteriae). This organism is the agent of swine dysentery.Housing, AnimalMycoplasma hyopneumoniae: A species of gram-negative bacteria that causes MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIA OF SWINE. The organism damages the CILIA in the airways of the pig, and thus compromises one of the most effective mechanical barriers against invading pathogens. The resulting weakening of the IMMUNE SYSTEM can encourage secondary infections, leading to porcine respiratory disease complex.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by outbreaks of late term abortions, high numbers of stillbirths and mummified or weak newborn piglets, and respiratory disease in young unweaned and weaned pigs. It is caused by PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE SYNDROME VIRUS. (Radostits et al., Veterinary Medicine, 8th ed, p1048)Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Circovirus: A genus of the family CIRCOVIRIDAE that infects SWINE; PSITTACINES; and non-psittacine BIRDS. Species include Beak and feather disease virus causing a fatal disease in psittacine birds, and Porcine circovirus causing postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in pigs (PORCINE POSTWEANING MULTISYSTEMIC WASTING SYNDROME).Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests: Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Herpesvirus 1, Suid: A species of VARICELLOVIRUS producing a respiratory infection (PSEUDORABIES) in swine, its natural host. It also produces an usually fatal ENCEPHALOMYELITIS in cattle, sheep, dogs, cats, foxes, and mink.Spirochaetales Infections: Infections with bacteria of the order SPIROCHAETALES.Circoviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the CIRCOVIRIDAE.Malignant Hyperthermia: Rapid and excessive rise of temperature accompanied by muscular rigidity following general anesthesia.Carbadox: An antibacterial agent that has been used in veterinary practice for treating swine dysentery and enteritis and for promoting growth. However, its use has been prohibited in the UK following reports of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p125)Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.

*  Swine flu

... has been declared a pandemic, the first in 41 years. But how is it different to 'normal' flu and what can we do to ... Swine flu. Swine flu has been declared a pandemic, the first in 41 years. But how is it different to 'normal' flu and what can ... What is swine flu?. Swine flu is a respiratory disease that normally only infects pigs. What's different about this virus is ... Swine flu was initially spread by infected pigs, but has now spread between humans in the same way as normal flu though ...
netdoctor.co.uk/conditions/infections/a10482/swine-flu/

*  Swine | XpressBio

2016 Express Biotech International. All of our products are intended to be used for RESEARCH purposes only. They are not intended to be used for drug or diagnostic purposes nor are they intended for human use.. ...
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*  Swine Flu in MP & Maharashtra, India - latest updates suggest serious disease & many deaths

At that time, swine flu fears seemed to be receding as most of the suspected swine flu patients were testing negative, and ... Swine Flu in MP & Maharashtra, India - latest updates suggest serious disease & many deaths. October 7, 2012. by drgaurav 3 ... In fact, the [doctor] in charge of the swine flu [group] at the directorate of health, Dr K K Thassu, issued a circular some ... But to their credit, doctors in Jabalpur have not allowed any swine flu patient to die, though the number of persons testing ...
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*  More Swine Flu In The U.S. - Videos - CBS News

More Swine Flu In The U.S.. May 1, 2009, 12:40 PM. , All Americans are concerned as the WHO threat level raises and schools ...
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*  DMOZ - Health: Animal: Mammals: Swine: Conditions and Diseases

Classical Swine Fever Provides the history of a series of outbreaks in the United Kingdom in 2000, the steps taken by MAFF to ... African Swine Fever Information on this disease, its transmission and spread, its clinical signs and what is being done to ... Classical Swine Fever Information on this disease, its transmission and spread, its clinical signs and what is being done to ... African Swine Fever (ASF) Information on this dreaded epidemic disease of pigs, its occurrence in Africa and Europe, the ...
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*  "Swine00pg18-19" by E I. Evans, Jeffrey S. Stevenson et al.

Pregnant sows in a commercial swine farm were assigned to one of the three groups in a completely randomized design balanced ... This indicates that regression of corpora lutea was initiated at the same time by both prostaglandin products.; Swine Day, ... concentrations following a single injection of either saline or one of two prostaglandin F2a products approved for use in swine ... Swine day, 2000; Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 01-138-S; Report of progress (Kansas State University ...
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*  Gentaur Molecular :Nordic Immunological Lab \ swine serum \ NSwS

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*  Swine Flu (H1N1) Experts And Bill Maher On The Vaccine And Managing Your Risk | Care2 Causes

The Swine flu (H1N1) vaccine is being shipped this week. Skeptics are calling the CDC efforts to fight the pandemic 'a lot of ... Swine Flu (H1N1) Experts and Bill Maher on the Vaccine and Managing Your Risk. tweet email ... I braved the G.B. syndrome risk and got the swine flu vaccine in the mid seventies - and I have never had the flu since!. So, ... The Swine flu numbers may be higher, if infection rates are higher, as predicted, and depending on how many people get ...
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*  Novavax-Cadila to conduct swine flu clinical trials here - The Economic Times

... that is developing a vaccine for swine flu, will conduct a major portion of the clinical trials in India. ... Oseltamivir is basically to treat Bird Flu (H5N1), but is said to be effective in treating swine flu as well.. Mr Lambert said ... US-based vaccine maker Novavax, that is developing a vaccine for swine flu, will conduct a major portion of the clinical trials ... AHMEDABAD: US-based vaccine maker Novavax, that is developing a vaccine for swine flu, will conduct a major portion of the ...
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*  Swine Flu Prompts Contingency Planning - Bloomberg

Does your company have a plan in place if your employees want to work from home because of worries about swine flu? It's worth ... Swine Flu Prompts Contingency Planning. By Nick Leiber @nickleiber More stories by Nick Leiber ... Does your company have a plan in place if your employees want to work from home because of worries about swine flu? It's worth ...
https://bloomberg.com/news/articles/2009-04-27/swine-flu-prompts-contingency-planning

*  Brazilian Swine Producers Use Diagnostics to Pinpoint Diseases - The Pig Site

... the demand for swine diagnostics in Brazil is growing as producers want to pinpoint disease challenges and better understand ... Despite lacking of some swine diseases seen in other parts of the world, ... ANALYSIS - Despite lacking of some swine diseases seen in other parts of the world, the demand for swine diagnostics in Brazil ... Pig Health, Pig Welfare, African Swine Fever, Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea, Swine Delta Coronavirus, Foot & Mouth Disease, ...
thepigsite.com/swinenews/41647/brazilian-swine-producers-use-diagnostics-to-pinpoint-diseases/

*  Canola meal: the protein source for today's swine | Feedstuffs

New research on canola meal means swine nutritionists now have more options, and pork producers can benefit from reduced feed ... Canola meal: the protein source for today's swine. New research on canola meal means swine nutritionists now have more options ... Nutrient requirements of swine. Eleventh revised edition. 2012. Washington, DC, USA.. Pedersen TF, Liu Y, Stein HH, 2016. ... The amino acid profile and protein content of canola meal make it an economical choice for swine operations. Research also ...
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*  Sputum test for detecting swine flu, Precautions against swine flu - Online Doctor Chats

Precautions against swine flu, Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Swine flu, Online doctor patient chat ... Sputum test for detecting swine flu, Precautions against swine flu - Online Doctor Chats ... User : i am worried i have symptoms of the swine flu Doctor : ok Doctor : plz tell me User : i started off with fever, i felt ... Doctor : you should go for sputum test for swine flu Doctor : that is the only method to confirm it User : and where do i go ...
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*  Avian Flu Diary: WHO: H1N1v Cases In China

Study: Reassortants of H1N1pdm & Swine H1 & H3 Viruses in Japan EID Journal: H3N2v Swine To Human Transmission At Agricultural ... JID: Evolutionary Dynamics Of Influenza A Viruses In US Exhibition Swine Live Markets & Novel Flu Risks In The United States ... Last December, in PNAS: The Pandemic Potential Of Eurasian Avian-like H1N1 (EAH1N1) Swine Influenza, we looked at a study by ... The subtypes of flu viruses that commonly spread in swine (H1, H2 & H3) are also the same subtypes that have caused all of the ...
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*  How to Breed Pigs - Sustainable Farming - MOTHER EARTH NEWS

... ve cared for weaned piglets and want to take the next step in swine herding, the author has a lot of advice on how to breed ... If you've cared for weaned piglets and want to take the next step in swine herding, the author has a lot of advice on how to ... Two fine books on swine rearing are Dirk van Loon's 263-page paperback, Small-Scale Pig Raising (Garden Way) and Jerome D. ... In fact, from 30% to 40% of the baby swine born in the pig-breeding business in this country die shortly after birth! ...
https://motherearthnews.com/homesteading-and-livestock/how-to-breed-pigs-zmaz80jazraw

*  K-State Researcher Finds That the 1918 Spanish Flu Virus Can Infect Swine and Resulted in Current Lineage of H1N1 Swine Influen...

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bio-medicine.org/medicine-news-1/K-State-Researcher-Finds-That-the-1918-Spanish-Flu-Virus-Can-Infect-Swine-and-Resulted-in-Current-Lineage-of-H1N1-Swine-Influenza-Viruses-44239-1/

*  Mysterious U.S. Swine Flu Probe Widens as Mexico Finds Swine Flu *updated*, page 274

Durban man dies of swine flu A Durban man has died at a local hospital of swine flu, health authorities confirmed on Tuesday. ... Mysterious U.S. Swine Flu Probe Widens as Mexico Finds Swine Flu *updated*. page: 274 ... Squalene: The Swine Flu Vaccine's Dirty Little Secret Exposed And as if Vaccines Weren't Dangerous Enough on Their Own … In ... Swine flu deaths in Argentina have more than doubled in the past two weeks and now total 337, officials said Wednesday. The ...
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*  Swine ELISA - Swine - Products

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*  The Second Half: Swine flu, what do I do? | | The Rock River Times

Tresemer Columnist Last column I gave you some info about swine flu, and promised to tell you my plan to ward it off without ... The Second Half: Swine flu, what do I do? Aug 26, 2009. Apr 24, 2014. Staff The Second Half ... Small price to pay for protection against swine flu.. Next, I pulled up an article on the CVS Web site: "This herb, also known ... Last column I gave you some info about swine flu, and promised to tell you my plan to ward it off without taking the new, ...
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*  Swine flu

... on RT. Find and read the latest news and articles on RT web site. Follow us on social networks. ... Humdinger': Swine flu virus which killed half-million modified to 'incurable' A controversial flu researcher has modified the ...
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*  swine flu : NPR

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*  Search : swine-flu

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*  Generation Swine - Wikipedia

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Subtherapeutic antibiotic use in swine: Antibiotics are commonly used in commercial swine production in the United States and around the world. They are used for disease treatment, disease prevention and control, and growth promotion.Miniature Lop: The Miniature Lop was recognised by the British Rabbit Council in 1994 (Lop Breeds-No.8), with a maximum weight of 1.Immunoglobulin C2-set domain: A:317–388 B:317–388 B:317–388Classical swine fever: Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) is a highly contagious disease of swine (Old World and New World pigs).DysenteryVesicular exanthema of swine virus: Vesicular exanthema of swine virus (VESV) is a virus different from those causing Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) and Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD) but it produces a disease in pigs that is clinically indistinguishable from FMD and SVD. Unlike FMD it only affects pigs.College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand: The College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand was founded in 1964. It is a part of AAU, Anand, Gujarat, India.Hepatitis E virus cis-reactive elementExposome: The exposome encompasses the totality of human environmental (i.e.Manure management: Manure management refers to capture, storage, treatment, and utilization of animal manures in an environmentally sustainable manner. It can be retained in various holding facilities.Jet aeratorsMegalocytivirus: Megalocytivirus is one of five genera of viruses within the family Iridoviridae and one of three genera within this family which infect teleost fishes, along with Lymphocystivirus and Ranavirus. The megalocytiviruses are an emerging group of closely related dsDNA viruses which cause systemic infections in a wide variety of wild and cultured fresh and saltwater fishes.Influenza Research Database: The Influenza Research Database (IRD)IRD Influenza Research Database BRCSquires, R.B.Influenza A virus subtype H1N1: Influenza A (H1N1) virus is the subtype of influenza A virus that was the most common cause of human influenza (flu) in 2009, and is associated with the 1918 outbreak known as the Spanish Flu.Gestation crate: A gestation crate, also known as a sow stall, is a metal enclosure used in intensive pig farming, in which a female breeding pig (sow) may be kept during pregnancy and for most of her adult life.Wilson G.Porcine enzootic pneumoniaBranching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Coles PhillipsCircovirus: Circovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Circoviridae. Birds (such as pigeons and ducks) and pigs serve as natural hosts, though dogs have been shown to be infected as well.Deep litter: Deep litter is an animal housing system, based on the repeated spreading of straw or sawdust material in indoor booths. An initial layer of litter is spread for the animals to use for bedding material and to defecate in, and as the litter is soiled, new layers of litter are continuously added by the farmer.Retrograde tracing: Retrograde tracing is a research method which is used in neuroscience to trace neural connections from their point of termination (the synapse) to their source (the cell body). The opposite technique is anterograde tracing, which is used to trace neural connections from their source to their point of termination (i.Porcine intestinal spirochaetosis: Porcine intestinal spirochaetosis is a notifiable pig disease caused by the bacterium Brachyspira pilosicoli. Infection causes mild gastrointestinal signs in young pigs and intestinal spirochetosis in humans, as it is a zoonosis.Malignant hyperthermiaCarbadox

(1/34086) Fusariotoxicosis from barley in British Columbia. I. Natural occurrence and diagnosis.

Clinical sickness was observed in domestic ducks, geese, horses and swine during October 1973. All species showed upper alimentary distress with mortalities occurring in the geese. Barley derived from a common source had been fed. Examination of the barley revealed invasion by Fusarium spp and detection of a high level of dermatitic fusariotoxins.  (+info)

(2/34086) Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals.

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

(3/34086) Infleuce of dietary levels of vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters in pigs.

Eighteen barrows approximately three weeks of age were used in a 3 X 3 factorial arrangement to investigate the effect of level of supplemental vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters. Tissue selenium concentrations increased in a quadratic manner with increased selenium intake with kidney tissue containing considerably greater concentrations than liver, heart or muscle. Supplementation of the diet caused a three-fold increase in serum selenium within the first week with a slight tendency to further increases in subsequent weeks. Serum vitamin E of unsupplemented pigs declined by fifty percent during the experiment, whereas supplemental vitamin E resulted in increased serum vitamin E. There was a considerable viration in percent peroxide hemolysis. Correlation of -0.63 between percent peroxide hemolysis and vitamin E intake and -0.85 between percent peroxide hemolysis and serum vitamin E were observed.  (+info)

(4/34086) Epidemiological field studies of animal populations.

Numerous survey designs have been developed for epidemiological field studies of human populations, most of which are also applicable to field studies of animal poulations. Each design has its own advantages and disadvantages. The final design selected for a particular study depends upon such factors as the overall purpose of the study, the geographic dimensions of the study area, the diseases incidence or prevalence and species to be studied as well as the planned use for the data. Population dynamics including the distribution and density of the species to be studied are factors that should also be considered in the initial design of a study. A surveillance system, using mailed questionnaire data and a subsequent survey using direct interviews of validate the data in a statewide study of swine birth defects are used to illustrate some of the techniques that can be applied to domestic animal populations in a fairly large geographic area. The type of data collected, its use and its limitations are also considered.  (+info)

(5/34086) Some leptospira agglutinins detected in domestic animals in British Columbia.

During a period of six years 7,555 bovine sera, 421 canine sera, 251 porcine sera and 135 equine sera were tested for agglutinins to Leptospira interrogans serotypes canicola, grippotyphosa, hardjo, icterohemorrhagiae, pomona and sejroe. The bovine sera reacted predominantly with hardjo and/or sejroe at a rate of 15% compared to 3.5% with pomona. Breeding or abortion problems were associated with pomona but not with sejroe/hardjo agglutinins. The canine sera reacted to canicola (9.9%y and icterohemorrhagiae (5.4%), tcted predominantly with canicola (8.9%) and icterohemorrhagiae (8.1%).  (+info)

(6/34086) Values of three coagulation screening tests of precolostral calves.

Prothrombin times, partial thromboplastin times and platelet counts were performed to determine normal values and to screen for coagulation defects of precolostral calves. The precolostral calves were in two groups: one group of a few calves was tested two years before the second larger group. The results for both groups were similar. The tests were performed on postcolostral calves and on mature cows to compare their values with those of precolostral calves. The mean values of prothrombin times and partial thromboplastin times of precolostral calves in the first group were 18.8 seconds and 54.8 seconds respectively. The mean values of prothrombin times and partial thromboplastin times of precolostral calves in the second group were 18.8 seconds and 50.8 seconds respectively. The mean platelet count was 422,400/cmm for the first group and 482,800/cmm for the second group.  (+info)

(7/34086) The determination of hemoglobin and myoglogin residues as a parameter for testing heat exposure in back bacon.

The use of an extraction of the heme pigments hemoglobin and myoglobin as a test for the heat exposure of back bacon was investigated by treating back bacon at varying temperatures of 50-70 degrees C and times of two to 180 minutes and observing the effect on the absorbance of heme pigment residue after nitrite oxidation. Absorbance at 409 nm was used in place of the more usual 540 nm to provide greater sensitivity in the detection of heme. A decrease in residual heme pigments was time-dependent, particularly at lower temperatures. In view of this factor and the complex nature of the heat exposure of a large block of back bacon, the application of this test would require a calibration of each process. Alternatively, limits to the amounts of heme pigment residue could be set. The heme pigment test is useful in its simplicity and overcomes difficulties associated with the coagulation and enzyme tests.  (+info)

(8/34086) Quantitative assessment of the morphology of the pig's head used as a model in surgical experimentation. Part 1: Methods of Measurements.

Thirty-two surface measurements were described for assessment of the effect of complex surgical operations on the skeleton of the face in pigs. The methods of measurements imitate those of anthropometry. The surface measurements can complement cephalometry with data about the changes in the soft tissue and thus improve the documentation of the effect of surgery. This paper can help in the evaluation of complicated osteotomy procedures using the pig as the animal model, for facial reconstruction research in humans.  (+info)



CSFV


  • To evaluate the diagnostic potential of meat juice for early detection of Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), meat juice and serum samples from pigs experimentally infected with different strains of CSFV were compared for virus load. (dtu.dk)
  • We have reported that chimeric virus 319.1 virus containing the E2 glycoprotein gene from Classical Swine Fever Virus (CSFV) vaccine strain CS with the genetic background of virulent CSFV strain Brescia (BIC virus) was attenuated in pigs. (usda.gov)
  • Chimera 357 virus, containing CS E2 residues 691 to 881 of CSFV polyprotein was virulent, while chimera 358 virus, containing CS E2 residues 882 to 1064, differing in thirteen amino acids from BIC virus, was attenuated in swine. (usda.gov)
  • In order to further research the relationship between classical swine fever virus' (CSFV) NS3 protein and the cytopathic effect (CPE) in cells infected with the CSFV, and to reveal the effect of protein NS3 on the host cells, the NS3 of CSFV Shimen strain amplified by RT-PCR was subcloned into the pEGFP-C1, named pEGFP-C1-NS3. (mysciencework.com)

Dysentery


  • AHDB Pork and the National Pig Association have issued a timely reminder about the importance of signing up to the Significant Disease Charter, after the recent re-emergence Swine Dysentery in Yorkshire. (npa-uk.org.uk)
  • Two new cases of Swine Dysentery have been detected on Yorkshire farms in August. (npa-uk.org.uk)
  • The charter is run by AHDB Pork on behalf of the Pig Health and Welfare Council and is an extension of the swine dysentery charter. (npa-uk.org.uk)
  • Those who used to belong to the old Swine Dysentery Charter still need to sign up to the new one as their details have not been carried across. (npa-uk.org.uk)
  • I would urge all producers to become members as it benefits the whole industry, not only with outbreaks of Swine Dysentery but also any other exotic or emerging diseases. (npa-uk.org.uk)
  • An experiment was conducted to study the effect of diets with contrasting fermentability in the large intestine on experimental infections with Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, the causative agent of swine dysentery, and the whip worm, Trichuris suis, in pigs. (dtu.dk)
  • Pigs fed Diet 2 and challenged with B. hyodysenteriae did not develop swine dysentery and B. hyodysenteriae was not demonstrated in any of the pigs during the study. (dtu.dk)
  • In contrast, 94% of the B. hyodysenteriae challenged pigs fed Diet I showed clinical symptoms of swine dysentery and all the pigs were shedding B. hyodysenteriae in faeces at some points in time during the experiment. (dtu.dk)
  • The study showed that diets supplemented with highly fermentable carbohydrates from dried chicory roots and sweet lupins can protect pigs against developing swine dysentery, but do not have any significant influence on T suis. (dtu.dk)

pigs


  • The European Commission has taken a decision to ban exports of live pigs and porcine semen, ova and embryos from Catalonia (Spain), in response to a new outbreak of classical swine fever (CSF). (europa.eu)

outbreaks


  • One of the recent outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Russia's Krasnodar region has been reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). (pigprogress.net)

ASFV


  • African swine fever virus (ASFV) encodes at least 26 proteins with stretches of hydrophobic amino acids suggesting entry into the secretory pathway (R. J. Yanez, J. M. Rodriguez, M. L. Nogal, L. Yuste, C. Enriquez, J. F. Rodriguez, and E. Vinuela, Virology 208:249-278, 1995). (sussex.ac.uk)

vaccine


  • Classical swine fever (CSF) virus is a highly contagious but vaccine-preventable disease of swine. (edu.au)

infection


  • Importantly, 43 virus/358 virus protected swine from challenge with virulent BIC virus at 3 and 28 days post-infection. (usda.gov)

African


  • The continued advance of African swine fever (ASF) through Eastern European countries has triggered concern amongst pig farmers and governing bodies. (pirbright.ac.uk)
  • African Swine Fever might have been a problem in Eastern Europe for a few years now, but in Sub-Saharan Africa. (pigprogress.net)
  • In a report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), an outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) has been. (pigprogress.net)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF) continues to pop up in more countries in the European Union. (pigprogress.net)

Classical Swine


disease


  • Management of classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease in Lao PDR : proceedings of an international workshop held in Vientiane, Lao PDR, 20-21 November 2006. (edu.au)
  • Swine vesicular disease has never occurred in Australia. (wildlifehealthaustralia.com.au)
  • Swine vesicular disease is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease and both must be considered in the differential diagnosis of either disease. (wildlifehealthaustralia.com.au)

Control


  • Spanish authorities have taken measures provided for in Council Directive 2001/89/EC of 23.10.2001 introducing Community measures for the control of Classical Swine Fever. (europa.eu)

industry


  • The report further focuses on the leading industry players that will steer the course of the Classical Swine Fever Vaccines market through the forecast period. (longshortreport.com)

potential


  • Further, the report delves deep into the value chain of the Classical Swine Fever Vaccines market so as to emerge with information specific areas that hold high revenue-generating potential. (longshortreport.com)

whole


  • What are the forecasted growth rates for the Classical Swine Fever Vaccines market as a whole and for each segment within it? (longshortreport.com)