*  Sorbitol (Professional Patient Advice) - Drugs.com

... sweetening agent; hyperosmotic laxative; facilitate the passage of sodium polystyrene sulfonate through the intestinal tract ... More specifically, concomitant use of these agents may increase the risk for intestinal necrosis. Avoid combination ... More specifically, concomitant use of these agents may increase the risk for intestinal necrosis. Avoid combination ...
https://drugs.com/ppa/sorbitol.html

*  Food and Drug Regulations

B.18.001 - Sweetening Agents *B.18.025 - Honey *B.19.001 - DIVISION 19 - Vinegar ... b) may contain juice of the same name, a sweetening ingredient, and natural pulp, oils and esters of the named fruit; ... or canned fruit by boiling to a suitable consistency with water and a sweetening ingredient; ... by boiling to a suitable consistency with water and a sweetening ingredient; ...
laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,_c._870/page-61.html

*  Food and Drug Regulations

B.18.001 - Sweetening Agents *B.18.025 - Honey *B.19.001 - DIVISION 19 - Vinegar ...
laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,_c._870/page-22.html

*  Food and Drug Regulations

B.18.001 - Sweetening Agents *B.18.025 - Honey *B.19.001 - DIVISION 19 - Vinegar ... sweetening ingredient. sweetening ingredient. means sugar, invert sugar, honey, dextrose, glucose or glucose solids or any ... D) characterizing sauces, seasonings or flavouring agents if it is included in the common name of the product. ... salt and a sweetening ingredient in dry form. ...
laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,_c._870/page-58.html

*  Food and Drug Regulations

sweetening agent. sweetening agent. means glucose-fructose, fructose syrup or any food for which a standard is provided in ...
laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,_c._870/page-29.html

*  Food and Drug Regulations

B.18.001 - Sweetening Agents *B.18.025 - Honey *B.19.001 - DIVISION 19 - Vinegar ... b) an agent of a practitioner of medicine, where the agent has been exempted under section 56 of the Controlled Drugs and ... 4) If an agent of a practitioner of medicine receives a controlled drug under subsection (3), they shall immediately provide or ...
laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,_c._870/page-155.html

*  Patent US4312845 - Method of producing amorphous silica of controlled oil absorption - Google Patents

When milled and air classified to the proper particle size, it is useful as a polishing agent in dentrifrices and as a flatting ... Examples of sweetening agents are saccharin, dextrose, levulose and sodium cyclamate.. Examples of suitable sudsing agents are ... Other ingredients in the liquid phase can be small amounts of flavorings, sweetening agents and sudsing agents. ... An abrasive polishing agent is usually included in the dentifrice to accomplish these results. However, the polishing agent ...
google.com/patents/US4312845?dq=6008737

*  Patent US5747005 - Oil-based, anti-plaque dentifrice composition - Google Patents

The preferred dentifrice composition is substantially anhydrous, and includes a chelating agent and a promoter to assist the ... breath freshener agents, such as chlorophyll; sweetening agents, such as saccharin or NUTRASWEET available from The NutraSweet ... Additionally, the inventive composition may include a thickening agent. Thickening agents such as gum compositions are ... Additional additives may include desensitizing agents, whitening agents, active oxygen compounds, fluoride compounds and the ...
google.com/patents/US5747005?dq=7,292,151

*  Patent US5858391 - Long acting GI and esophageal protectant - Google Patents

Sweetening agents may be selected from a wide range of materials such as water-soluble sweetening agents, water-soluble ... The chewing gum compositions may also employ sweetening agents (sweeteners). The sweetening agent may be selected from a wide ... A. Water-soluble sweetening agents such as monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides such as xylose, ribose, glucose, ... The delivery system may contain a sweetening agent. ... The flavoring agents, however, should be added when the gum ...
google.com/patents/US5858391?dq=5,742,768

*  KEGG COMPOUND: C00031

Stabilizing agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose. Buffering agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose. Sweetening agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose ... Bonding agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose. Coating agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose. Tonicity agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose. ... V04 DIAGNOSTIC AGENTS. V04C OTHER DIAGNOSTIC AGENTS. V04CA Tests for diabetes. V04CA02 Glucose. D00009 Glucose (JP17). V06 ... Diluting agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose. D00009 [999999] Glucose solution. Soothing agent. D00009 [001540] Glucose. Solubilizer ...
kegg.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?cpd:C00031

*  Is high-fructose corn syrup making you fat and unhealthy? - Boomer Consumer

That's how David Henderson, co-founder of Boomer Cafe, describes high-fructose corn syrup in his article, "Baby Boomers…We Are What We Eat.". We are the only country in the world that has permitted the proliferation of corn-based chemical substances in our foods that is harmful to our health, Henderson says in the article.. Almost everything Americans eat contains corn, he adds. High-fructose corn syrup, corn-fed meat, and corn-based processed foods are the staples of the modern diet in the United States.. Henderson and his wife have consciously avoided corn syrup and corn-processed foods for several years, eating instead wild-caught fish, organic vegetables, and fresh fruit from local sources when possible. He believes he and his wife have been healthier because of it.. Henderson also says food tasted better in the days before all these chemicals were added to our food supply.. See Henderson's article for details including references about the harmful effects of high-fructose corn syrup and ...
blog.seattlepi.com/boomerconsumer/2009/01/14/is-high-fructose-corn-syrup-making-you-fat-and-unhealthy/

*  Life Sciences Communication 100: Fall 2009: Artificial Sweeteners: How Bad Are Saccharin, Aspartame?

Too much sugar will make you fat, but too much artificial sweetener will ... do what exactly? Kill you? Make you thinner? Or have absolutely no effect at all? This week marks the 40th anniversary of the Food and Drug Administration's decision to ban cyclamate, the first artificial sweetener prohibited in the U.S., and yet scientists still haven't reached a consensus about how safe (or harmful) artificial sweeteners may be. Shouldn't we have figured this out by now? (See the top 10 bad beverage ideas.) ...
lsc100f09.blogspot.com/2009/10/artificial-sweeteners-how-bad-are.html

*  10 Artificial Sweeteners and Sugar Substitutes - Health

Are artificial sweeteners, honey, agave nectar, or high-fructose corn syrup healthier than table sugar? To help you decide, here's the real deal on 10
health.com/health/gallery/0,,20424821,00.html

*  CW: The AHA and ADA drop the ball on Artificial Sweeteners

I understand their position. I respectfully disagree with it.. The premise holds that excessive sugar intake is bad for us. There is no debate here. I'd even add emphasis to the sugar-is-toxic idea. I truly believe that the number one nutritional problem in Western society is the excessive intake of insulin-spiking simple carbohydrates. One could write thousands of words describing the bad things that happen to the body when exposed to excess sugar. I'll spare you that. Let's get back to the AHA/ADA endorsement.. Since ingesting too much sugar is a problem, it stands to reason that zero-calorie artificial sweeteners would be beneficial. You get sweetness and pleasure, but avoid any adverse consequences. It's like a free lunch. Not surprisingly, people have vigorously embraced these "diet" or "zero-calorie" products.. After reading the extensively researched position paper, it's clear that the science on artificial sweeteners is weak. Convincing studies, or even strong trends, that either ...
drjohnm.org/2012/07/cw-the-aha-and-ada-drop-the-ball-on-artificial-sweeteners/

*  What are artificial sweeteners doing to your thyroid?

In an effort to lose weight, many are turning to artificial sweeteners not knowing they can hinder thyroid function and promote autoimmune disease. In 2015 the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists released data suggesting that those with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis should not consume artificial sweeteners, but how many patients know this?
hypothyroidmom.com/what-are-artificial-sweeteners-doing-to-your-thyroid/

*  Don't Use Any Artificial Sweetener Until You Read On - InfoBarrel

Before you decide to use man-made sweeteners, decide what you already know about them and what you still don't know about synthetic sweeteners. There are a multitude of reasons why some of us use artificial sweeteners, there are also several kinds of sweeteners and there have recently been debates...
infobarrel.com/Don't_Use_Any_Artificial_Sweetener_Until_You_Read_On

*  Sugar Substitutes Market Forecast to 2020 - In Terms of Volume, the Market is Projected to Reach

DUBLIN, Nov. 19, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Sugar Substitutes Market Forecast to 2020 - In Terms of Volume, the Market is Projected to Reach 17.03 Million Tons...
prnewswire.com/news-releases/sugar-substitutes-market-forecast-to-2020---in-terms-of-volume-the-market-is-projected-to-reach-1703-million-tons-by-2020-300181944.html

*  Artificial Sweeteners

The average American consumes about 125 pounds of sweeteners per year. Whether you are diabetic or are just watching your calorie intake, artificial sweeteners can help you achieve your goals.
upmc.com/patients-visitors/education/nutrition/Pages/artificial-sweeteners.aspx

*  Artificial Sweeteners Don't Help People Lose Weight, Review Finds | WBUR News

It's easy to think that artificial sweeteners are a health win. But a review of research finds that there's no evidence they help people lose weight, and they may be associated with other problems.
wbur.org/npr/537262142/artificial-sweeteners-dont-help-people-lose-weight-review-finds

*  How Corn Syrup Might Be Making Us Hungry-...

Grocery store aisles are awash in foods and beverages that contain high-fructose corn syrup. It is common in sodas and crops up in everything from ketchup ... | this curious life
scoop.it/t/this-curious-life/p/3980602416/2013/01/07/how-corn-syrup-might-be-making-us-hungry-and-fat-observations-scientific-american-blog-network

*  Sweetening Agents - Wholesale Supplies Plus

Sweetening Agents are a sugar based product that is cosmetic grade and safe for lip-based products but cannot be eaten or ingested. Combine with a lip safe fragrance oil to add a sweet flavor to your lip balms, glosses and scrubs.
blog.wholesalesuppliesplus.com/additives/application/sweetening-agents.aspx

*  Sugar, sweeteners and diabetes | Diabetes UK

Sugars, sugar substitutes and sweeteners: natural and artificialIf you're living with diabetes, or even if you're not, you might think sweet foods are a barrier to your healthy, balanced diet. As a general rule,everyone should be eating less sugar- but sometimes, only something sweet will do.
https://diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Enjoy-food/Carbohydrates-and-diabetes/Sugar-sweeteners-and-diabetes/

*  Tyron Piteau's Blog: Artificial Sweeteners - Don't Be Deceive Your Body is Not Mocked

Tyron Piteau is the owner and head coach at The Maker's Body CrossFit and Boot Camp. The Maker's Body is a specialized fitness company that focuses primarily on fat loss with a passion for helping people get lean, healthy, look and feel their absolute best and live the whole and fulfilled life they were created to have. In fact a recent client of theirs, Michelle K., has transformed her body and life by her recent transformation of losing 40 pounds, going from a size 11 to a size 4, and losing 4 inches off her waist over a 6-month period. Tyron's health and nutrition series, "Wisdom for Divine Health", has appeared on national TV. He has also been featured in local and national publications such as Healthbeat Magazine, North Shore Magazine, 24 Hour Magazine, and the North Shore News as well as local radio such as CKNW. We incorporate our ultimate 3-in-1 workout system of resistance training, core training and cardio to get maximum results in minimal time in conjunction with our nutrition system ...
tyronpiteau.blogspot.com/2007/10/artificial-sweeteners-dont-be-deceive.html

*  The Potential Harmful Effects of Sucralose (Splenda)

A new report from scientists about the study of Splenda (sucralose) reveals shocking information about the dangers of this artificial sweetener.
articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/01/26/New-Study-of-Splenda-Reveals-Shocking-Information-About-Potential-Harmful-Effects.aspx

*  The Truth About Sugar - Horizonhealthshop Blog

The Truth About Sugar. By Elaine Charles, part 6 in my series on healthy eating. "The Truth About Sugar" a BBC production features Cara Patterson, Rick Shabilla, Audrey Cannon, and Simon Gallagher, who between them consume nearly 120 teaspoons of sugar a day.. Refined sugar has become a dietary staple in most developed nations, and many are at a loss as to how to avoid this pernicious ingredient, which can be found in virtually every processed food - typically in the form of high-fructose corn syrup.. High-sugar diets are undoubtedly the primary culprit in skyrocketing obesity and type 2 diabetes rates and other chronic health problems associated with insulin resistance.. For example, according to recent research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015, obese children as young as 8 now display signs of heart disease, and excessive sugar consumption right from birth on is at the root of this trend.. Cutting out Sugar Is One of the Easiest and Fastest Ways to Improve ...
blog.horizonhealthshop.com/the-truth-about-sugar/

*  Wholesale Sugar Free Sweetener | Made-in-China.com

Wholesale Sugar Free Sweetener - Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Sugar Free Sweetener products in best price from certified Chinese Sugar Free Tea manufacturers, Sugar Free Gum suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
made-in-china.com/products-search/hot-china-products/Wholesale_Sugar_Free_Sweetener.html

*  June - 2008 - The Frontal Cortex

It's been recognized for a few years that drinking diet sodas can actually cause weight gain, since the phony sweetness of artificial sweeteners disrupts the "predictive relationship" between a sweet taste and caloric satisfaction. In other words, people drink a diet Coke when they are craving a sweet pick-me-up. However, because the soda doesn't actually…. ...
scienceblogs.com/cortex/2008/06/page/4/

*  Whole Health Source: July 2015

Blood lipids such as LDL and HDL cholesterol are markers of the biological processes that impact cardiovascular disease, and they are commonly measured to assess cardiovascular risk. When we think about the impact of food on blood lipids, dietary fat typically comes to mind. Yet a new study shows that dietary carbohydrate, specifically high-fructose corn syrup, can have a large impact on blood lipid markers of cardiovascular disease risk. ...
wholehealthsource.blogspot.com.es/2015/07/

*  Calories in Liquid Fructose Sweeteners | Nutrition, Carbohydrate and Calorie Counter

There are 279 calories in 1 serving (3.5 oz) of Liquid Fructose Sweeteners. You'd need to walk 73 minutes to burn 279 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
calorieking.com/foods/calories-in-sugar-substitutes-liquid-fructose-sweeteners_f-ZmlkPTEyNDAzOA.html

*  8 Worst of the Worst Ingredients in Processed Foods

Processed foods are packed with the worst ingredients such as trans fats and vegetable oils, and artificial sweeteners -- here are some more damaging ingredients.
articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/03/18/8-worst-processed-food-ingredients.aspx

*  8 Paleo-friendly sweeteners | Delicious Living | Special Diets content from Delicious Living

While they have a narrow path to walk, Paleo dieters can safely turn to low-glycemic additives. Here are 8 Paleo-friendly sweeteners
deliciousliving.com/special-diets/8-paleo-friendly-sweeteners

*  Tate cautioned on sucralose prices; Q3 results don't surprise

In a competitive sucralose market, Tate & Lyle should price the sweetener keenly to ensure significant market share in the future, claims an analyst as the group releases 'reassuringly dull' Q3 results today.
foodnavigator.com/Ingredients/Sweeteners-intense-bulk-polyols/Tate-cautioned-on-sucralose-prices-Q3-results-don-t-surprise

(1/793) Thaumatin production in Aspergillus awamori by use of expression cassettes with strong fungal promoters and high gene dosage.

Four expression cassettes containing strong fungal promoters, a signal sequence for protein translocation, a KEX protease cleavage site, and a synthetic gene (tha) encoding the sweet protein thaumatin II were used to overexpress this protein in Aspergillus awamori lpr66, a PepA protease-deficient strain. The best expression results were obtained with the gdhA promoter of A. awamori or with the gpdA promoter of Aspergillus nidulans. There was good correlation of tha gene dosage, transcript levels, and thaumatin secretion. The thaumatin gene was expressed as a transcript of the expected size in each construction (1.9 or 1.4 kb), and the transcript levels and thaumatin production rate decayed at the end of the growth phase, except in the double transformant TB2b1-44-GD5, in which secretion of thaumatin continued until 96 h. The recombinant thaumatin secreted by a high-production transformant was purified to homogeneity, giving one major component and two minor components. In all cases, cleavage of the fused protein occurred at the KEX recognition sequence. This work provides new expression systems in A. awamori that result in very high levels of thaumatin production.  (+info)

(2/793) Taste qualities of solutions preferred by hamsters.

Molecules of diverse chemical structure are sweet to humans and several lines of evidence (genetic, physiological, behavioral) suggest that there may be distinct sweet perceptual qualities. To address how many perceptual categories these molecules elicit in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), we studied patterns of generalization of conditioned taste aversions for seven sweeteners: 100 mM sucrose, 320 mM maltose, 32 mM D-phenylalanine, 3.2 mM sodium saccharin, 16 mM calcium cyclamate, 10 mM dulcin and 32 mM sodium m-nitrobenzene sulfonate. Each stimulus was preferred versus water in two-bottle intake tests and stimulated the chorda tympani nerve. For each of seven experimental groups the conditional stimulus (CS) was a sweetener and for the control group the CS was water. Apomorphine.HCl was injected i.p. after a CS was sampled and, after recovery, test stimuli (TS) were presented for 1 h daily. The intake (ml) of each TS consumed by experimental animals was compared with mean TS intake by the control group. Learned aversions for 18/21 stimulus pairs cross-generalized, resulting in a single cluster of generalization patterns for the seven stimuli. Cross-generalization failures (maltose-cyclamate, maltose-sucrose, cyclamate-NaNBS) may be the consequence of particular stimulus features (e.g. salience, cation taste), rather than the absence of a 'sucrose-like' quality. The results are consistent with a single hamster perceptual quality for a diverse set of chemical structures that are sweet to humans.  (+info)

(3/793) Sweet taste responses of mouse chorda tympani neurons: existence of gurmarin-sensitive and -insensitive receptor components.

Inhibitory effects of gurmarin (gur) on responses to sucrose and other sweeteners of single fibers of the chorda tympani nerve in C57BL mice were examined. Of 30 single fibers that strongly responded to 0. 5 M sucrose but were not or to lesser extent responsive to 0.1 M NaCl, 0.01 M HCl, and 0.02 M quinine HCl (sucrose-best fibers), 16 fibers showed large suppression of responses to sucrose and other sweeteners by lingual treatment with 4.8 microM (approximately 20 microg/ml) gur (suppressed to 4-52% of control: gur-sensitive fibers), whereas the remaining 14 fibers showed no such gur inhibition (77-106% of control: gur-insensitive fibers). In gur-sensitive fibers, responses to sucrose inhibited by gur recovered to approximately 70% of control responses after rinsing the tongue with 15 mM beta-cyclodextrin and were almost abolished by further treatment with 2% pronase. In gur-insensitive fibers, sucrose responses were not inhibited by gur, but were largely suppressed by pronase. These results suggest existence of two different receptor components for sweeteners with different susceptibilities to gur in mouse taste cells, one gur sensitive and the other gur insensitive. Taste cells possessing each component may be specifically innervated by a particular type of chorda tympani neurons.  (+info)

(4/793) Purification of chitinolytic protein from Rehmannia glutinosa showing N-terminal amino acid sequence similarity to thaumatin-like proteins.

We have purified a 21-kDa protein, designated as P1, from Rehmannia glutinosa to homogeneity by ammonium sulfate precipitation, anion exchange chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography, and preparative native PAGE. The purified P1 had chitin degradation activity. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of P1 indicated that it is very similar to those of thaumatin and other reported thaumatin-like proteins.  (+info)

(5/793) Selective inhibition of sweetness by the sodium salt of +/-2-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propanoic acid.

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which the sodium salt of +/-2-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propanoic acid (Na-PMP) reduced sweet intensity ratings of 15 sweeteners in mixtures. Na-PMP has been approved for use in confectionary/frostings, soft candy and snack products in the USA at concentrations up to 150 p.p.m. A trained panel evaluated the effect of Na-PMP on the intensity of the following 15 sweeteners: three sugars (fructose, glucose, sucrose), three terpenoid glycosides (monoammonium glycyrrhizinate, rebaudioside-A, stevioside), two dipeptide derivatives (alitame, aspartame), two N-sulfonylamides (acesulfame-K, sodium saccharin), two polyhydric alcohols (mannitol, sorbitol), 1 dihydrochalcone (neohesperidin dihydrochalcone), one protein (thaumatin) and one sulfamate (sodium cyclamate). Sweeteners were tested at concentrations isosweet with 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% sucrose in mixtures with two levels of Na-PMP: 250 and 500 p.p.m. In addition, the 15 sweeteners were tested either immediately or 30 s after a pre-rinse with 500 p.p.m. Na-PMP. In mixtures, Na-PMP at both the 250 and 500 p.p.m. levels significantly blocked sweetness intensity for 12 of the 15 sweeteners. However, when Na-PMP was mixed with three of the 15 sweeteners (monoammonium glycyrrhizinate, neohesperidin dihydrochalcone and thaumatin), there was little reduction in sweetness intensity. Pre-rinsing with Na-PMP both inhibited and enhanced sweetness with the greatest enhancements found for monoammonium glycyrrhizinate, neohesperidin dihydrochalcone and thaumatin, which were not suppressed by Na-PMP in mixtures. The mixture data suggest that Na-PMP is a selective competitive inhibitor of sweet taste. The finding that pre-treatment can produce enhancement may be due to sensitization of sweetener receptors by Na-PMP.  (+info)

(6/793) Genes expressed in Pinus radiata male cones include homologs to anther-specific and pathogenesis response genes.

We describe the isolation and characterization of 13 cDNA clones that are differentially expressed in male cones of Pinus radiata (D. Don). The transcripts of the 13 genes are expressed at different times between meiosis and microspore mitosis, timing that corresponds to a burst in tapetal activity in the developing anthers. In situ hybridization showed that four of the genes are expressed in the tapetum, while a fifth is expressed in tetrads during a brief developmental window. Six of the seven cDNAs identified in database searches have striking similarity to genes expressed in angiosperm anthers. Seven cDNAs are homologs of defense and pathogen response genes. The cDNAs identified are predicted to encode a chalcone-synthase-like protein, a thaumatin-like protein, a serine hydrolase thought to be a putative regulator of programmed cell death, two lipid-transfer proteins, and two homologs of the anther-specific A9 genes from Brassica napus and Arabidopsis. Overall, our results support the hypothesis that many of the reproductive processes in the angiosperms and gymnosperms were inherited from a common ancestor.  (+info)

(7/793) Intake of umami-tasting solutions by mice: a genetic analysis.

In two-bottle preference tests with water and solutions of monosodium glutamate (MSG) and inosine-5'-monophosphate (IMP), mice from the C57BL/6ByJ inbred strain consumed more and had higher preferences for these solutions compared with mice from the 129/J strain. The C57BL/6ByJ mice consumed 300 mmol/L MSG in large amounts, which were comparable to intakes of highly preferred solutions of sweeteners. The strain differences in voluntary consumption of 300 mmol/L MSG depended at least in part on postingestive effects because prior experience with MSG influenced the expression of the strain difference in MSG acceptance. The strain difference in MSG acceptance was in the opposite direction to the strain difference in NaCl acceptance and was not affected by previous consumption of saccharin. Although the C57BL/6ByJ mice had higher avidity for both MSG and sweeteners than did the 129/J mice, there was no correlation between preferences for these solutions in the second hybrid generation (F(2)) derived from these two strains. Thus, the strain differences in MSG acceptance are not related to the strain differences in salty or sweet taste responsiveness and most likely represent specific umami taste responsiveness. High acceptance of MSG solutions by the C57BL/6ByJ mice was inherited as a recessive trait in the F(2) generation. Further genetic linkage analyses using the F(2) hybrids are being conducted to map chromosomal locations of genes determining the strain difference in MSG acceptance.  (+info)

(8/793) Chewing gum--facts and fiction: a review of gum-chewing and oral health.

The world market for chewing gum is estimated to be 560,000 tons per year, representing approximately US $5 billion. Some 374 billion pieces of chewing gum are sold worldwide every year, representing 187 billion hours of gum-chewing if each piece of gum is chewed for 30 minutes. Chewing gum can thus be expected to have an influence on oral health. The labeling of sugar-substituted chewing gum as "safe for teeth" or "tooth-friendly" has been proven beneficial to the informed consumer. Such claims are allowed for products having been shown in vivo not to depress plaque pH below 5.7, neither during nor for 30 minutes after the consumption. However, various chewing gum manufacturers have recently begun to make distinct health promotion claims, suggesting, e.g., reparative action or substitution for mechanical hygiene. The aim of this critical review--covering the effects of the physical properties of chewing gum and those of different ingredients both of conventional and of functional chewing gum--is to provide a set of guidelines for the interpretation of such claims and to assist oral health care professionals in counseling patients.  (+info)



citric acid


  • 6. The composition of claim 5 wherein the chelating agent includes citric acid or ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. (google.com)

Greene


  • Greene has Camille escorted away on Medrano's boat to "sweeten" their deal, but Bond rescues her. (thefullwiki.org)
  • en route, CIA agent Gregg Beam ( David Harbour ) strikes a non-interference deal with Greene, overruling the objections of Felix Leiter ( Jeffrey Wright ). (thefullwiki.org)

dentifrice


  • The preferred dentifrice composition is substantially anhydrous, and includes a chelating agent and a promoter to. (google.com)

food


  • It cleanses your body, acts as a digestive agent, sweetens your food in a healthy manner, and provides good amounts of minerals. (blogcatalog.com)

deal


  • Drew Rosenhaus, Starks' agent, said the deal doesn't hinge on getting voidables, and Ozzie Newsome, the Ravens' vice president of player personnel, said Rosenhaus's last proposal did not contain a voidable clause. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The Ravens sweetened the deal yesterday, adding an incentive or escalator clause. (baltimoresun.com)

risk


  • More specifically, concomitant use of these agents may increase the risk for intestinal necrosis. (drugs.com)

products


  • Like other similar products, agave nectar also helps sweeten drinks and snack foods as well. (3fatchicks.com)