SwedenScandinaviaRegistries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.EuropeIncidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.DenmarkNorwayRadioactive Waste: Liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, processing of irradiated reactor fuels, and related operations, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry, and medicine. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)FinlandCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.

*  Incidence, prevalence and clinical characteristics of Behcets disease in southern Sweden
Lund University, Sweden .. Segelmark, Mårten Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department ... The prevalence of BD is higher in Sweden than previously reported, mainly due to immigration. The incidence of BD remains ... Incidence, prevalence and clinical characteristics of Behcets disease in southern Sweden. Mohammad, Aladdin Lund University, ... diagnosed in Sweden between 1997 and 2010). The annual incidence rate was 0.2/100 000 adults (95% CI 0.1, 0.3) and was higher ...
  http://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:608380
*  The risks of non-traumatic lower extremity amputations in patients with type 1 diabetes - a population-based cohort study in...
... a population-based cohort study in Sweden ... a population-based cohort study in Sweden. Junmei Miao Jonasson ... a population-based cohort study in Sweden ... a population-based cohort study in Sweden. Junmei Miao Jonasson ...
  http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2008/04/28/dc08-0344
*  Ingarö 2017: Top 20 Ingarö Villa and Bungalow Rentals - Airbnb Ingarö, Stockholm County, Sweden
Sweden from $20/night. Find unique places to stay with local hosts in 191 countries. Belong anywhere with Airbnb. ... Nacka Forum is one of Sweden's largest shopping center full of, inter alia, fashion, hobby, technology and food. Here is ... we couldn't have wished for a better stay in Sweden. Many thanks for everything! ...
  https://www.airbnb.com/s/Ingar%C3%B6--Sweden?type=villa
*  Sweden Map Graphic - (2828 Free Downloads)
sweden, sweden, map, map, europe map, europe map, world map, world map, sweden flag, sweden flag, w... ... We have 2687 Sweden map graphic Free Downloads in Ai, EPS, SVG, CDR formats. ... sweden europe map world map sweden flag world map graphic world map vector free world map vector map vector map pointers vector ... Sweden map graphic. Displaying 2687 free vector graphics matching sweden map graphic, and 63 premium results ...
  https://www.vecteezy.com/free-vector/sweden-map-graphic
*  Swedish study links swine flu vaccine to narcolepsy - The Local
Reported rapes in Sweden up by 10 percent. *Sweden's most watched movies of 2017: Star Wars beaten by film you've never heard ... Figures from Sweden's National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen), show that 31 million people have been vaccinated ... According to the WHO, the rates of narcolepsy reported in Sweden, Finland and Iceland were higher than those in other countries ... Bring in the military to fight gangs, Sweden's PM told at debate ... Swine flu shots linked to narcolepsy in Sweden. Sweden probes ...
  https://www.thelocal.se/20110329/32878
*  Sweden
... has nearly one hundred thousand lakes. They are found throughout the country, but central Sweden in particular is a ... Norrland, the northern region of Sweden, covers about 60 percent of Sweden's territory and includes the areas of highest ... The most notable of Sweden's geographical features is its length, which the Swedes speak of as vart avlanga land (our long, ... Sweden is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula of northern Europe, between the countries of Norway and Finland. With a total ...
  http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/geography/Slovenia-to-Zimbabwe-Cumulative-Index/Sweden.html
*  Associations among 25-year trends in diet, cholesterol and BMI from 140,000 observations in men and women in Northern Sweden |...
The northern Sweden MONICA study. J Intern Med. 2006, 260: 551-559. 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2006.01730.x.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ... The Northern Sweden MONICA study 1985-94. J Intern Med. 2000, 247: 579-587. 10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00644.x.View ArticlePubMed ... 1989, Stockholm: Statistics SwedenGoogle Scholar. *. Weinehall L, Hallgren CG, Westman G, Janlert U, Wall S: Reduction of ... In Sweden, the use of statins, mainly simvastatin, started after the presentation of the 4S study in 1994 [42]. The validity of ...
  https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2891-11-40
*  A phenomenographic approach to research in medical education - Stenfors-Hayes - 2013 - Medical Education - Wiley Online Library
Centre for Educational Development and Research, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Search for more papers by this author ... Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Search for more papers by ... Sweden. Tel: 00 46 8 524 837 37; E-mail: terese.stenfors-hayes@ki.se ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/medu.12101/abstract
*  Swedish children could be given compulsory drugs tests | Drugs-Forum
This is a clear example of how strange the situation seems to be getting in Sweden. Share This Article. * Facebook ... Source: Radio Sweden. http://www.sr.se/cgi-bin/Internatio...l.asp?ProgramID=2054&Nyheter=&artikel=1276349. ...
  https://drugs-forum.com/ams/swedish-children-could-be-given-compulsory-drugs-tests.4741/
*  What does age-comparative self-rated health measure? : A cross-sectional study from the Northern Sweden MONICA Project
What does age-comparative self-rated health measure?: A cross-sectional study from the Northern Sweden MONICA Project. Waller, ... Data came from the Northern Sweden Monica Project 1990-1999. In Paper II, with data from the MONICA Project in 1999-2009, I ... Methods: We based our study on population-based cross-sectional surveys performed in 1999, 2004 and 2009 in northern Sweden. ...
  http://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:855297
*  Estrogen and Risk of Gastric Cancer: A Protective Effect in a Nationwide Cohort Study of Patients with Prostate Cancer in...
... including Sweden (17, 22-24), but orchiectomy gained little popularity in Sweden during these years (17). Hence, most patients ... Because estrogen therapy was the treatment of choice for prostate cancer in Sweden between 1950 and 1980, cohort members ... We thank Professor Åke Fritjofsson for important historical input about estrogen treatment for prostate cancer in Sweden. ... A Protective Effect in a Nationwide Cohort Study of Patients with Prostate Cancer in Sweden. Mats Lindblad, Weimin Ye, Carlos ...
  http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/13/12/2203
*  Health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with functional disabilities in a northern Swedish county
HRQoL in children and adolescents with hearing disabilities was found similar to the typical child population in Sweden whereas ... that there is an increased risk for children with functional disabilities other than hearing disabilities in northern Sweden to ...
  http://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:708906
*  Gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age strata: A population-based study in southern Sweden.
health related behaviours, gender differences, daily smoking, gender, Sweden. in Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01- ... Gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age strata: A population-based study in southern Sweden.. Ali, ... CONCLUSIONS: For the first time in Sweden women have a higher prevalence of daily smoking than men. The odds ratios of daily ... CONCLUSIONS: For the first time in Sweden women have a higher prevalence of daily smoking than men. The odds ratios of daily ...
  https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/publication/1289735
*  Heart Sweden (World) Keychains by neurogog
Sweden pride, Swedish ancestry, Sweden gift, heritage, travel, culture, I Heart Sweden, I Love Sweden) ... Show you have love for Sweden in your heart with this Swedish flag heart design! ( ...
  https://www.cafepress.com/mf/19758412/heart-sweden-world_keychains
*  Sweden
... remains outside the euro zone largely out of concern that joining the European Economic and Monetary Union would ... Sweden has achieved an enviable standard of living with its combination of free-market capitalism and extensive welfare ... Timber, hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Sweden's ...
  https://www.forbes.com/places/sweden/
*  Sweden - OECD
Mobile phone calls lowest in Finland, Netherlands and Sweden, says OECD report Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden have the ...
  http://www.oecd.org/internet/bycountry/sweden/
*  Sweden
Check out all Red Hat events taking place in Sweden and the other Nordic countries. ...
  https://www.redhat.com/it/global/sweden
*  Sweden
Experience open source and explore your curiosity at Red Hat Summit 2018 by joining the Red Hat Nordic group trip to San Francisco! This year the Red Hat Summit takes place May 8-10. Come along! ...
  https://www.redhat.com/pt-br/global/sweden
*  GS1 Sweden - Wikipedia
GS1 Sweden (earlier EAN Sweden) is part of GS1 international (earlier EAN international). GS1 international is a worldwide ... Sweden has all numbers starting with 73, 730-739, so all products marked with a 73-code is probably coming from Sweden ... GS1 Sweden has today 9,000 customers. GS1 Sweden is also responsible to give EAN codes to Swedish companies. ... As a member of GS1 international, GS1 Sweden is representing GS1 in Sweden and also listening to the voice of Swedish companies ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GS1_Sweden
*  Sweden | Hosted
Latest Sweden News. Rape trial starts of man at center of Nobel scandal. Sep. 19, 2018 9:40 AM EDT ... STOCKHOLM (AP) - Sweden has become the latest European country to have its political order shaken by a backlash against large- ... The foreign ministry and China's embassy in Stockholm have asked Sweden to investigate the case but have yet to hear back, ... Sweden's ruling party hits election low as far right grows. Sep. 10, 2018 3:10 AM EDT ...
  https://hosted.ap.org/kentuckytoday/tags/sweden
*  Sweden
... everything you need for studying or teaching Sweden. ... Immediately download the Sweden summary, chapter-by-chapter ... Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Konungariket Sverige CAPITAL: Stockholm FLAG: The national flag, dating from 1569 and employing a blue ... Sweden Sweden is greatly influenced by its geography. Approximately 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) long and 500 kilometers (300 ... Sweden POPULATION 8,876,744CHURCH OF SWEDEN 84 percentOTHER CHRISTIAN 5.2 percentISLAM 2 percentOTHER 8.8 percent Country ...
  http://www.bookrags.com/Sweden/
*  IEA - Sweden
Sweden has, as of end 2013, signed contracts for 67 individual CDM projects and 2 JI projects. All the CDM projects are being ... and Sweden's scope to influence their activities. Up to and including the 2013 budget year, the Riksdag has approved ...
  http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/sweden/name-22834-en.php
*  IEA - Sweden
The energy audit support scheme is directed towards companies which use at least 500 MWh per year of energy, i.e. relatively energy-intensive companies. The support covers 50% of the cost of the energy audit, up to maximum of SEK 30 000. The government decided to introduce the support in December 2009. Applications are to be sent to the Swedish Energy Agency before the energy audit takes place and the support is paid to the company following completion of the energy audit and when suggestions for measures to be taken are in place. The measures will then be followed up a few years after the energy audit. ...
  http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/sweden/name-24733-en.php?s=dHlwZT1lZSZzdGF0dXM9T2s,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9lbmVyZ3llZmZpY2llbmN5LyI-RW5lcmd5IEVmZmljaWVuY3k8L2E-PC9uYXY-
*  IEA - Sweden
The Fuels Act (SFS 2011:319) came into force in May 2011 and implements Article 7a of the Fuel Quality Directive. The Act entails that fuel suppliers have to decrease GHG emissions from supplied fuels with 6 % until 2020, compared to fossil fuels in 2010. Fuel suppliers have to deliver annual reports to the Swedish Energy Agency on the origin and GHG emissions of the supplied fuels.. Detailed regulations in the Fuel Quality Directive, e.g. concerning calculation methods of the decrease in GHG emissions, are yet to be established at EU level. ...
  http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/sweden/name-47929-en.php?s=dHlwZT1yZSZzdGF0dXM9T2s,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9yZW5ld2FibGVlbmVyZ3kvIj5SZW5ld2FibGUgRW5lcmd5PC9hPjwvbmF2Pg,,
*  IEA - Sweden
Physical planning measures are primarily governed by the Planning and Building Act (PBA). Many such measures, as well as major infrastructure projects regulated by the Roads Act and the Railway Construction Act, are also subject to some of the provisions of the Environmental Code. Growing attention has been paid to the impact of development of the built environment on energy and transport demand, and to the need for greater coordination of infrastructure, transport and settlement planning. The Government Bill proposing a new Planning and Building Act also emphasized the important role municipal spatial planning has to play in addressing climate change, and the need for physical planning to be better coordinated with infrastructure planning.. The earlier PBA did not include an express requirement to take climate into account, other than its provision that planning and siting decisions were to be taken with due consideration for the risks of accidents, flooding and erosion. The new Act (SFS ...
  http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/sweden/name-50530-en.php?s=dHlwZT1jYyZzdGF0dXM9T2s,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9jbGltYXRlY2hhbmdlLyI-Q2xpbWF0ZSBDaGFuZ2U8L2E-PC9uYXY-

Climate change in Sweden: The issue of climate change has received significant public and political attention in Sweden and the mitigation of its effects has been high on the agenda of the two latest Governments of Sweden, the previous Cabinet of Göran Persson (-2006) and the current Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006-). Sweden aims for an energy supply system with zero net atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.GuksiDisease registry: Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals. Registries are different from indexes in that they contain more extensive data.GA²LENIncidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences (Aarhus University): The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences is a faculty of Aarhus University. The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences became a reality after Aarhus University was divided into four new main academic areas which came into effect on 1 January 2011.Hospital of Southern Norway: [[Sørlandet Hospital Arendal, seen from the north.|thumb|200px]]High-level radioactive waste management: High-level radioactive waste management concerns management and disposal of highly radioactive materials created during production of nuclear power and nuclear weapons. Radioactive waste contains a mixture of short-lived and long-lived nuclides, as well as non-radioactive nuclides.Australia–Finland relations: Australia–Finland relations are foreign relations between the Australia and Finland. Diplomatic relations were established on 31 May 1949.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.

(1/5980) Respiratory symptoms and long-term risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and other causes in Swedish men.

BACKGROUND: Depressed respiratory function and respiratory symptoms are associated with impaired survival. The present study was undertaken to assess the relation between respiratory symptoms and mortality from cardiovascular causes, cancer and all causes in a large population of middle-aged men. METHODS: Prospective population study of 6442 men aged 51-59 at baseline, free of clinical angina pectoris and prior myocardial infarction. RESULTS: During 16 years there were 1804 deaths (786 from cardiovascular disease, 608 from cancer, 103 from pulmonary disease and 307 from any other cause). Men with effort-related breathlessness had increased risk of dying from all of the examined diseases. After adjustment for age, smoking habit and other risk factors, the relative risk (RR) associated with breathlessness of dying from coronary disease was 1.43 (95% CI : 1.16-1.77), from stroke 1.77 (95% CI: 1.07-2.93), from any cardiovascular disease 1.48 (95% CI : 1.24-1.76), cancer 1.36 (95% CI : 1.11-1.67) and from any cause 1.62 (95% CI: 1.44-1.81). An independent effect of breathlessness on cardiovascular death, cancer death and mortality from all causes was found in life-time non-smokers, and also if men with chest pain not considered to be angina were excluded. An independent effect was also found if all deaths during the first half of the follow-up were excluded. Men with cough and phlegm, without breathlessness, also had an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and cancer, but after adjustment for smoking and other risk factors this was no longer significant. However, a slightly elevated independent risk of dying from any cause was found (RR = 1.18 [95% CI: 1.02-1.36]). CONCLUSION: A positive response to a simple question about effort related breathlessness predicted subsequent mortality from several causes during a follow-up period of 16 years, independently of smoking and other risk factors.  (+info)

(2/5980) Socioeconomic inequalities and disability pension in middle-aged men.

BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively. With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease.  (+info)

(3/5980) Oral contraceptive use: interview data versus pharmacy records.

BACKGROUND: If women tend to forget and underreport their past oral contraceptive (OC) use, but the recall among cases is enhanced by the presence of disease, recall bias may explain some reported health effects of OC use. METHODS: Two different sources of information on lifetime OC use were compared for 427 (84%) of a community-based sample of 511 women aged 20-34: (i) structured interviews, using a life event calendar and picture display as memory aids, and (ii) a register of all prescriptions dispensed by pharmacies in the county since 1970. RESULTS: Interview data and pharmacy records showed high levels of agreement for any OC use, current use, time since first and last use, total duration of use, and for duration of use in different 'time windows'. But there was a tendency to under-report specific kinds of OC used in the past. CONCLUSION: Underreporting of OC use among non-cases would usually introduce little or no bias (as compared to pharmacy records) for this kind of interview and women. However, it may be preferable to use interviews for current OC use, and pharmacy records for specific kinds of OC used in the past.  (+info)

(4/5980) Economic consequences of the progression of rheumatoid arthritis in Sweden.

OBJECTIVE: To develop a simulation model for analysis of the cost-effectiveness of treatments that affect the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The Markov model was developed on the basis of a Swedish cohort of 116 patients with early RA who were followed up for 5 years. The majority of patients had American College of Rheumatology (ACR) functional class II disease, and Markov states indicating disease severity were defined based on Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores. Costs were calculated from data on resource utilization and patients' work capacity. Utilities (preference weights for health states) were assessed using the EQ-5D (EuroQol) questionnaire. Hypothetical treatment interventions were simulated to illustrate the model. RESULTS: The cohort distribution among the 6 Markov states clearly showed the progression of the disease over 5 years of followup. Costs increased with increasing severity of the Markov states, and total costs over 5 years were higher for patients who were in more severe Markov states at diagnosis. Utilities correlated well with the Markov states, and the EQ-5D was able to discriminate between patients with different HAQ scores within ACR functional class II. CONCLUSION: The Markov model was able to assess disease progression and costs in RA. The model can therefore be a useful tool in calculating the cost-effectiveness of different interventions aimed at changing the progression of the disease.  (+info)

(5/5980) Evidence of space-time clustering of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in Sweden.

We have examined 645 recorded cases of childhood acute lymphatic leukaemia (ALL) in Sweden during 1973-89 to identify space-time clustering by using the close-pair method of Knox. The records included date of birth and of diagnosis as well as addresses at birth and at diagnosis. There was a significant excess of case pairs close in date of birth and place of birth in the 5- to 15-year age group.  (+info)

(6/5980) Immunologic proliferation marker Ki-S2 as prognostic indicator for lymph node-negative breast cancer.

BACKGROUND: Proper treatment of lymph node-negative breast cancer depends on an accurate prognosis. To improve prognostic models for this disease, we evaluated whether an immunohistochemical marker for proliferating cells, Ki-S2 (a monoclonal antibody that binds to a 100-kd nuclear protein expressed in S, G2, and M phases of the cell cycle), is an accurate indicator of prognosis. METHODS: We studied 371 Swedish women with lymph node-negative breast cancer; the median follow-up time was 95 months. The fraction of tumor cells in S phase was assessed by flow cytometry, and tumor cell proliferation was measured immunohistochemically with the monoclonal antibodies Ki-S2 and Ki-S5 (directed against the nuclear antigen Ki-67). A combined prognostic index was calculated on the basis of the S-phase fraction, progesterone receptor content, and tumor size. RESULTS: In multivariate analyses that did or did not (263 and 332 observations, respectively) include the S-phase fraction and the combined prognostic index, the Ki-S2 labeling index (percentage of antibody-stained tumor cell nuclei) emerged as the most statistically significant predictor of overall survival, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival (all two-sided P<.0001). In the risk group defined by a Ki-S2 labeling index of 10% or less, life expectancy was not statistically significantly different from that of age-matched women without breast cancer, whereas the group with a high Ki-S2 labeling index had an increased risk of mortality of up to 20-fold. CONCLUSIONS: Cellular proliferation is a major determinant of the biologic behavior of breast cancer. Prognosis is apparently best indicated by the percentage of cells in S through M phases of the cell cycle. Measurement of the Ki-S2 labeling index of a tumor sample may improve a clinician's ability to make an accurate prognosis and to identify patients with a low risk of recurrence who may not need adjuvant therapy.  (+info)

(7/5980) Is there a relationship between abdominal aortic aneurysms and alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency (PiZ)?

OBJECTIVE: To determine if the frequency of alpha 1AT deficiency (PiZ) is increased in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and, to investigate whether aneurysmal stiffness and other clinical characteristics differ in AAA patients with and without alpha 1AT deficiency. METHODS: We identified alpha 1AT-deficient individuals by a monoclonal-antibody ELISA technique, in 102 consecutive patients with AAA. Positive ELISA samples were further phenotyped by isoelectric focusing to differentiate between the heterozygosity (PiZ) and homozygosity (PiZZ) state. Aneurysmal diameter and stiffness was measured using echotracking sonography and blood pressure measurements. RESULTS: The frequency of heterozygous alpha 1AT deficiency (PiZ) in patients with AAA was similar to that in the general population (6.8% and 4.7%, respectively, p > 0.3). The frequency of popliteal and femoral aneurysm was similar in male PiZ-carriers and non-carriers with AAA, as were age at diagnosis of AAA, aneurysmal diameter, aneurysmal stiffness, and presence of factors that may be associated with AAA (i.e. smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and family history of AAA). Occurrence of ischaemic heart disease was more frequent in male non-PiZ-carriers than in male PiZ-carriers with AAA (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of alpha 1AT deficiency (PiZ) was not increased in our series of patients with AAA and patients in whom the two disorders coexisted did not appear to have different clinical characteristics except for the lower occurrence of ischaemic heart disease among the PiZ-carriers.  (+info)

(8/5980) Rotavirus G-type restriction, persistence, and herd type specificity in Swedish cattle herds.

G-typing of rotavirus strains enables the study of molecular epidemiology and gathering of information to promote disease prevention and control. Rotavirus strains in fecal specimens from neonatal calves in Swedish cattle herds were therefore characterized by using G1 to -4-, G6-, G8-, and G10-specific primers in reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. Fecal samples were collected from one dairy herd (herd A) for 4 consecutive years and from 41 beef and dairy herds (herd B) experiencing calf diarrhea outbreaks. Altogether, 1, 700 samples were analyzed by group A rotavirus enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and 98 rotavirus-positive specimens were selected for G-typing by RT-PCR. The effect of herd type, time, geographic region, and clinical symptoms on the G-type distribution was evaluated. Altogether (herds A and B), G10 was found in 59 (60. 2%) fecal specimens, G6 was found in 30 (30.6%) specimens, G3 was found in 1 (1.0%) specimen, and G8 was found in 1 (1.0%) specimen. Seven (7.1%) fecal specimens were not typeable. Herd type specificity in the G-type distribution was demonstrated in the herds in herd B. In the 6 beef suckler herds, only G6 was detected, while rotavirus strains from the 35 dairy herds were predominantly (54%) G10. The G-type distribution was restricted in herds A and B. Twenty-nine of 30 strains from herd A were characterized as G10. In the vast majority of herds in herd B, a single G-type was identified. The serotype G10 and the electropherotype persisted over time in herd A. No characteristic G-type variation in the geographic distribution of cattle herds in herd B was obvious. There was no difference in the G-type distributions between the strains from clinically and subclinically rotavirus-infected calves in dairy herd A. The results from this study strongly indicate a pronounced stability in the rotavirus G-type distribution in Swedish cattle herds, which emphasizes the importance of continuous preventive measures for control of neonatal calf diarrhea. A future bovine rotavirus vaccine in Sweden should contain G10 and G6 strains.  (+info)



  • Stockholm
  • BEIJING (AP) - China on Monday urged Sweden to respond to its complaints about the alleged mistreatment of a Chinese family removed by police from a hotel in Stockholm. (ap.org)
  • The foreign ministry and China's embassy in Stockholm have asked Sweden to investigate the case but have yet to hear back, ministry. (ap.org)
  • STOCKHOLM (AP) - Sweden has become the latest European country to have its political order shaken by a backlash against large-scale immigration, with voters giving a boost to a far-right party and weakening the more established ones. (ap.org)
  • Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Konungariket Sverige CAPITAL: Stockholm FLAG: The national flag, dating from 1569 and employing a blue and gold motif used as early as the mid-14th century, consists of a gold. (bookrags.com)
  • Swedish
  • As a member of GS1 international, GS1 Sweden is representing GS1 in Sweden and also listening to the voice of Swedish companies to develop the GS1 standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • GS1 Sweden is also responsible to give EAN codes to Swedish companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • HELSINKI (AP) - Swedish officials have officially confirmed the ruling Social Democratic Party won the most votes in the Sept. 9 general election despite a record low result and the far-right Sweden Democrats getting a big boost amid growing anti-immigration sentiment. (ap.org)
  • Swedish Americans Overview The Kingdom of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy that is located on the eastern half of the Scandinavian peninsula in Northern Europe. (bookrags.com)
  • Countries
  • Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden have the lowest prices for mobile phone calls among OECD countries, according to the latest OECD Communications Outlook. (oecd.org)
  • major
  • But already by 1916 the Gravendal Industries were overtaken by Hellefors AB (by this time a major player in central Sweden), which by that became the owner of the factories in Fredriksberg. (wikipedia.org)