Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Suicide, Assisted: Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).Genes, Transgenic, Suicide: Genes that are used transgenically, i.e., via GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES to induce CELL DEATH.Suicidal Ideation: A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.Firearms: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.Self-Injurious Behavior: Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.Poisoning: A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Asphyxia: A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Gas PoisoningRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Attitude to Death: Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.Drug Overdose: Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.Famous PersonsCoroners and Medical Examiners: Physicians appointed to investigate all cases of sudden or violent death.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Toxic asphyxiation due to the displacement of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin by carbon monoxide.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.AccidentsGanciclovir: An ACYCLOVIR analog that is a potent inhibitor of the Herpesvirus family including cytomegalovirus. Ganciclovir is used to treat complications from AIDS-associated cytomegalovirus infections.Euthanasia, Active: The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Thymidine Kinase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP and thymidine to ADP and thymidine 5'-phosphate. Deoxyuridine can also act as an acceptor and dGTP as a donor. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.7.1.21.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Cytosine Deaminase: An enzyme which catalyzes the deamination of CYTOSINE resulting in the formation of URACIL. It can also act on 5-methylcytosine to form THYMIDINE.Euthanasia, Active, Voluntary: Active euthanasia of a patient at the patient's request and/or with the patient's consent.Right to Die: The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.United StatesWalesBereavement: Refers to the whole process of grieving and mourning and is associated with a deep sense of loss and sadness.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Genetic Therapy: Techniques and strategies which include the use of coding sequences and other conventional or radical means to transform or modify cells for the purpose of treating or reversing disease conditions.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Railroads: Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.

*  WHO | Suicide data

Suicide is among the three leading causes of death among those aged 15-44 years in some countries, and the second leading cause ... Suicide is a global phenomenon; in fact, 78% of suicides occurred in low- and middle-income countries in 2015. Suicide ... Suicide attempt surveillance. Manual for suicide attempt surveillance. Improved surveillance and monitoring of suicide attempts ... Close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year, which is one person every 40 seconds. Many more attempt suicide. Suicide ...
who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/en/

*  Minnesota nurse appeals conviction in assisted suicide case

The high court, however, upheld part of the law that makes it a crime to assist someone's suicide, and attorneys for both sides ... Evidence at that trial showed Melchert-Dinkel was obsessed with suicide and sought out depressed people online, posing as a ... He provided Nadia Kajouji with what she needed to commit suicide. … He dissuaded Drybrough from using other methods, such as ... Prosecutors in Minnesota argued Friday that a former nurse should be convicted of assisting suicide for sending emails and ...
twincities.com/2014/08/07/minnesota-nurse-appeals-conviction-in-assisted-suicide-case/

*  Army Combats Suicides with Nose Spray - The Military Wire

With Army suicides on the rise, 38 in the month of July, leadership is willing to test new science in order to buy time before ... Suicides in our military jumped 80 percent from 2004 to 2008 and this year alone the numbers have soared 18% over the previous ... Army Combats Suicides with Nose Spray. By Michael Schindler on August 21, 2012 at 9:02 AM ... General Lloyd Austin III, the vice chief of staff of the Army, readily admits that suicide is the toughest enemy he has fought ...
blog.seattlepi.com/militarywire/2012/08/21/army-combats-suicides-with-nose-spray/

*  Assisted suicide | Define Assisted suicide at Dictionary.com

... suicide facilitated by another person, especially a physician, who organizes the logistics of the suicide, as by providing the ... suicide facilitated by another person, especially a physician, who organizes the logistics of the suicide, as by providing the ... The stigmatized legacy of assisted suicide also may be a factor in the decline of geriatric suicides. ... Tony Scott's Death a Reminder of the Quiet Scourge of Elderly Suicide Eliza Shapiro August 19, 2012 ...
dictionary.com/browse/assisted-suicide

*  Suppressed Paxil Suicide and Stimulation Data Released | Psychiatric Drug Facts

Peter Breggin 03/06/2006 Press Release March 6, 2006 Suppressed Paxil Suicide Data Released Expert Calls for Drug Companies to ... the number of suicide attempts on the antidepressant Paxil was under-reported and the number of suicide attempts on placebo was ... Suppressed Paxil Suicide Data Released. Expert Calls for Drug Companies to Publish Safety and Efficacy Data ...
https://breggin.com/suppressed-paxil-suicide-and-stimulation-data-released/

*  The effect of genetic variation of the serotonin 1B receptor gene on impulsive aggressive behavior and suicide - Zouk - 2007 -...

R.T. Webb, P. Qin, H. Stevens, J. Shaw, L. Appleby, P.B. Mortensen, National study of suicide method in violent criminal ... The effect of genetic variation of the serotonin 1B receptor gene on impulsive aggressive behavior and suicide†. Authors. *. ... The A-161T locus, which seems to impact 5-HT1B transcription, could play a role in suicide predisposition by means of mediating ... McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Douglas Hospital Research Center, McGill University, 6875 LaSalle Blvd., Montreal QC H4H 1R3 ...
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajmg.b.30521/full

*  Bonaduce Attempts Suicide On Reality Tv Show | Contactmusic.com

... because it features scenes of him attempting suicide. The ginger-haired former child star is seen slashing... ... and he had no idea he'd go so far as to attempt suicide on the show. ... because it features scenes of him attempting suicide. ... Bonaduce Attempts Suicide On Reality Tv Show. By World ...
contactmusic.com/danny-bonaduce/news/bonaduce-attempts-suicide-on-reality-tv-show

*  The Masked AMHP: What's the Point of Mental Hospitals? Suicide and Suicide Prevention

Indeed, it was a criminal offence in the UK to commit, or attempt to commit suicide until as recently as 1961, when the Suicide ... The Suicide Act, while decriminalising suicide, also created the offence of aiding, abetting, encouraging or procuring the ... The Christian Church regarded suicide as a sin, to the extent that people who committed suicide could not be buried in ... A further document, National Suicide Prevention Strategy for England, published in 2002, made it clear that suicide was seen as ...
https://themaskedamhp.blogspot.com/2012/06/whats-point-of-mental-hospitals-suicide.html

*  Aug.: Advocates rally around Pa. assisted suicide case - StarTribune.com

woman in assisted suicide case; allegedly gave morphine to dad, 93. By MARYCLAIRE DALE Associated Press ... While Oregon, Washington, Montana and Vermont allow at least some types of assisted suicide, and another half-dozen states have ... she is just the latest person caught in the crosshairs of the nation's assisted-suicide debate. ... when a judge in Schuylkill County upheld the assisted suicide charge. ...
startribune.com/aug-advocates-rally-around-pa-assisted-suicide-case/220107161/

*  The lived experiences of late-adolescent female suicide survivors: 'A part of me died'

Feigelman, W. & Gorman, B.S., 2008, 'Assessing the effects of peer suicide on youth suicide', Suicide and Life-Threatening ... Helen, M., 2002, Coping with suicide, Sheldon Press, London. [ Links ]. Henley, S.H.A., 1984, 'Bereavement following suicide: A ... Hauser, M.J., 1987, 'Special aspects of grief after a suicide', in E.J. Dunne, J.L. McIntosh & K. Dunne-Maxim (eds.), Suicide ... Webb, N.B., 1986, 'Before and after suicide: A preventive outreach program for colleges', Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior ...
scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2071-97362010000100006

*  Brain Circuits May Reveal Which Young People Are Likely to Commit Suicide - Neuroscience News

... and as many as one in five people with the disorder may die by suicide. In studies of adults who made suicide attempts, ... "Suicide is a leading cause of death of adolescents and young adults, and we can't move on this issue fast enough," said Hilary ... Brain Circuits May Reveal Which Young People Are Likely to Commit Suicide. Neuroscience News. February 2, 2017. ... "The identification of brain circuits involved in risk for suicide can lead to new ways to identify who is most at risk and ...
neurosciencenews.com/teen-suicide-neural-network-6043/

*  Caspiann Suicide - Suicide Girl of the Day

... By GuySpeed Editors December 4, 2012 1:00 PM , GuySpeed ...
z94.com/caspiann-suicide-girl-free-pics/

*  Creative Minority Report: Transgenderism is Worse for Your Health than Soda or Smoking

But they argue that the high suicide rate and the low life-expectancy as well as the drug and alcohol abuse rate is not their ...
creativeminorityreport.com/2016/05/transgenderism-is-worse-for-your-health.html

*  Implementing Evidence-Based Suicide Prevention Training in Communities: Implications for Quality Improvement | RAND

Suicide prevention trainings are implemented to equip the public's ability to intervene with those who are at-risk, but their ... Suicide prevention trainings are implemented to equip the public's ability to intervene with those who are at-risk, but their ... Implementing Evidence-Based Suicide Prevention Training in Communities. Implications for Quality Improvement. Published in: ... We collected participant data (N=2006) from over 127 Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST) training workshops ...
https://rand.org/pubs/external_publications/EP50967.html

*  Suicide on Spotify

Listen to Suicide now.. Listen to Suicide in full in the Spotify app ... the profound influence of Suicide on a generation of younger bands was readily apparent. When Suicide returned in 2002 with ... Suicide had been a part of the performing arts scene in New York City's Lower East Side in the early/mid-'70s New York Dolls ... Ironically, the '90s proved to be a decade of vindication for Suicide with the rise of industrial dance music, Chicago's Wax ...
https://open.spotify.com/artist/6uVeWolwyRDrT84lLsaZyW

*  A Longitudinal Study of Predictors of Suicide Attempts Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth | SpringerLink

Suicide attempt history was the strongest predictor of prospective suicide attempts. Participants who previously attempted ... Predicting the suicide attempts of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 35, 646-660.PubMed ... Suicide and suicide risk in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations: Review and recommendations. Journal of ... Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 37, 527-537.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10508-012-0013-9

*  Family Practice International: Family Practice International - American Family Physician

Environmental factors that increase risk of suicide include access to the means of suicide, social isolation, unemployment and ... Preventing Suicide in a Family Practice. (Canada-Canadian Family Physician, November 1999, p. 2656.) A Canadian review ... Up to two thirds of persons who commit suicide contact their family physician in the month prior to their death; psychiatric ... The strongest predictor of suicide risk is a previous attempt. Older age (especially for men), depression, substance abuse, ...
aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1881.html

*  Middle school survey: sex, fear and suicide attempts - The Washington Post

... weigh sobering resultsDCPS officials weigh sobering resultsChancellor Kaya Henderson and other officials say the suicide ... According to OSSE, self-reporting of attempted suicide by D.C. students has been consistently double the national average of ... and of an online culture in which stories and images of teen suicide are readily accessible. ...
https://washingtonpost.com/blogs/dc-schools-insider/post/middle-school-survey-sex-fear-and-suicide-attempts/2011/09/27/gIQAKwz92K_blog.html?tid=sm_twitter_washingtonpost

*  EnviroLink Forum • View topic - On suicide.

2.1 Ancient and Classical Views of Suicide. Philosophical discourse about suicide stretches back at least to the time of Plato ... suicide,' even though most of the ancient city-states criminalized self-killing.. Plato explicitly discussed suicide in two ... He concludes that suicide is somehow a wrong to the state. _________________. With friends like Guido, you will not have ... As far as suicide goes, we've endured countless ideations and a couple of full-blown attempts along the journey. Having to care ...
envirolink.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=178034

*  Dental college student commits suicide

A girl student of a dental college allegedly committed suicide on Monday by hanging herself from a ceiling fan in her hostel ... This is the fourth case of suicide in this college over the past few years. In 2008, two students had committed suicide in ... Paonta (Himachal Pradesh): A girl student of a dental college allegedly committed suicide on Monday by hanging herself from a ... On April 14, 2008, 20-year-old Krishna Negi, hailing from Shimla, committed suicide, following which a case was registered ...
https://ndtv.com/cities/dental-college-student-commits-suicide-573387

*  Attempted Suicide at Harvard T Station | News | The Harvard Crimson

Attempted Suicide at Harvard T Station. By Nan Ni, CRIMSON STAFF WRITER. February 21, 2007 ... but managed to survive in what police are calling an attempted suicide. According to Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority ...
thecrimson.com/article/2007/2/21/attempted-suicide-at-harvard-t-station/

*  Joe Stack IRS Suicide Pilot Conspiracy , page 3

A professional suicide note investigator commenting on typical suicide notes. Stack's note contains multiple references to ... Olsson's experience found that faked suicide notes reflected society's preconceptions about suicide victims being weak and ... As I stated earlier, Stack never mentioned his family in the suicide note. That fact alone is mind blowing. How many people ... This thread talks specifically if there's a conspiracy behind Joe Stack's IRS Suicide. Question to Mods: Isn't posting a link ...
abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread544834/pg3&mem=

*  Modeling 5-HT1A Receptor Transduction Pathways in Suicide - AFSP

If you are in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or contact the Crisis Text ... Home » Our Work » Research » Research Grants » Modeling 5-HT1A Receptor Transduction Pathways in Suicide ... Modeling 5-HT1A Receptor Transduction Pathways in Suicide. Thomas Franke, M.D., Ph.D., New York University School of Medicine. ... He will test the importance and relevance of brain and behavioral changes to depression and suicide, as well as to resilience ...
https://afsp.org/our-work/research/research-grants/modeling-5-ht1a-receptor-transduction-pathways-in-suicide/

*  Suicide Slum - Wikipedia

Suicide Slum is also the site of The Ace o' Clubs, a bar owned by Superman supporting character Bibbo Bibbowski.[4] The human ... Suicide Slum is featured in DC Universe Online. The Ace O'Clubs, Metropolis Shipyards, and Steelworks are located here and can ... Suicide Slum (official name Southside) is a notorious fictional slum in publications from DC Comics. The area was first ... Southside,[3] also known as The Simon Project (in the Post-Crisis) continuity, and most notably, Suicide Slum, has been at ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide_Slum

*  Suicide

A distinction is made between suicide while of sound mind (la-da'at) - to which alone these restrictions apply and suicide ... The Midrash, which regards suicide as rare (Gen. R. 82:8), includes the prohibition of suicide ('self-strangulation') in the ... Other cases of suicide - such as the mass suicide in York in 1190 - which were motivated by either a desire to avoid forced ... who committed suicide out of fear of punishment. The suicides were granted the full respects due to the dead. The moral which ...
jewishvirtuallibrary.org/suicide

Teenage suicide in the United States: Teenage suicide in the United States remains comparatively high in the 15 to 24 age group with 10,000 suicides in this age range in 2004, making it the third leading cause of death for those aged 15 to 24. By comparison, suicide is the 11th leading cause of death for all those age 10 and over, with 33,289 suicides for all US citizens in 2006.Society for Old Age Rational Suicide: The Society for Old Age Rational Suicide (SOARS) is a group based in the United Kingdom concerned with choice at the end of life. It was established on December 10, 2009 (Human Rights Day) by Dr.Suicide gene: A suicide gene, in genetics, will cause a cell to kill itself through apoptosis. Activation of these genes can be due to many processes, but the main cellular "switch" to induce apoptosis is the p53 protein.Physics of firearms: From the viewpoint of physics (dynamics, to be exact), a firearm, as for most weapons, is a system for delivering maximum destructive energy to the target with minimum delivery of energy on the shooter. The momentum delivered to the target however cannot be any more than that (due to recoil) on the shooter.List of poisonings: This is a list of poisonings in chronological order of victim. It also includes confirmed attempted and fictional poisonings.Homicide: Homicide occurs when one human being causes the death of another human being. Homicides can be divided into many overlapping types, including murder, manslaughter, justifiable homicide, killing in war, euthanasia, and execution, depending on the circumstances of the death.Ballistic traumaPositional asphyxia: Positional asphyxia, also known as postural asphyxia, is a form of asphyxia which occurs when someone's position prevents the person from breathing adequately. Positional asphyxia may be a factor in a significant number of people who die suddenly during restraint by police, prison (corrections) officers or health care staff.Mental disorderHot water storage tank: A hot water storage tank (also called a hot water tank, thermal storage tank, hot water thermal storage unit, heat storage tank and hot water cylinder) is a water tank that is used for storing hot water for space heating or domestic use. A heavily insulated tank can retain heat for days.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Voluntary euthanasia: Voluntary euthanasia is the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. Voluntary euthanasia (VE) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) have been the focus of great controversy in recent years.Opioid overdose: .0, -Nicholas II of WerleChristine Maggiore: Christine Joy Maggiore (July 25, 1956 – December 27, 2008) was an HIV-positive activist and promoter of AIDS denialism (the belief that HIV is not the cause of AIDS). She was the founder of Alive & Well AIDS Alternatives, an organization which disputes the link between HIV and AIDS and urges HIV-positive pregnant women to avoid anti-HIV medication.Endothermic gas: Endothermic gas is a gas that inhibits or reverses oxidation on the surfaces it is in contact with. This gas is the product of incomplete combustion in a controlled environment.Rehetobel: Rehetobel is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland.BrexpiprazoleList of film accidents: This is intended to be a list of notable accidents which occurred during the shooting of films and television, such as cast or crew fatalities or serious accidents which plagued production. It is not intended to be a list of every minor injury an actor or stuntman suffered during filming.GanciclovirGroningen Protocol: The Groningen Protocol is a text created in September 2004 by Eduard Verhagen, the medical director of the department of pediatrics at the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG) in Groningen, the Netherlands. It contains directives with criteria under which physicians can perform "active ending of life on infants" (child euthanasia) without fear of legal prosecution.Thymidine kinaseYourLastRight.com: YourLastRight.com Limited is an Australian national non-profit organisation which lobbies for law reform to permit voluntary euthanasia in restricted circumstances.Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,North Wales Narrow Gauge RailwaysAge adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Bipolar disorderS32212: S32212 is a drug which is under preclinical investigation as a potential antidepressant medicine. It behaves as a selective, combined 5-HT2C receptor inverse agonist and α2-adrenergic receptor antagonist (at all three subtypes—α2A, α2B, and α2C) with additional 5-HT2A and, to a lesser extent, 5-HT2B receptor antagonistic properties, and lacks any apparent affinity for the monoamine reuptake transporters or for the α1-adrenergic, H1, or mACh receptors.List of railway stations in Sardinia: This is the list of the railway stations in Sardinia.

(1/2091) Simple and sensitive analysis of nereistoxin and its metabolites in human serum using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

A simple method for the analysis of nereistoxin and its metabolites in human serum using headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is developed. A vial containing a serum sample, 5M sodium hydroxide, and benzylacetone (internal standard) is heated to 70 degrees C, and an SPME fiber is exposed for 30 min in the headspace of the vial. The compounds extracted by the fiber are desorbed by exposing the fiber in the injection port of the GC-MS. The calibration curves show linearity in the range of 0.05-5.0 micrograms/mL for nereistoxin and N-methyl-N-(2-methylthio-1-methylthiomethyl)ethylamine, 0.01-5.0 micrograms/mL for S,S'-dimethyl dihydronereistoxin, and 0.5-10 micrograms/mL for 2-methylthio-1-methylthiomethylethylamine in serum. No interferences are found, and the analysis time is 50 min for one sample. In addition, this proposed method is applied to a patient who attempted suicide by ingesting Padan 4R, a herbicide. Padan 4R contains 4% cartap hydrochloride, which is an analogue of nereistoxin. Nereistoxin and its metabolites are detected in the serum samples collected from the patient during hospitalization. The concentration ranges of nereistoxin in the serum are 0.09-2.69 micrograms/mL.  (+info)

(2/2091) Characteristics and prognosis of alcoholic doctors.

Five medically qualified women and 36 men who were being treated for alcoholism at a London postgraduate hospital were studied. Most were middle-aged and at an advanced stage of alcoholism. They had usually started drinking heavily in the wake of well-established drug dependence or other psychiatric disorder; as students or housemen; and in the armed forces. Thirty-six doctors were followed up for a mean of 63 months. Five doctors either killed themselves or died of cirrhosis, and nine persisted in almost continuous dependent drinking, while seven completely overcame their alcohol problem and 10 had only occasional relapses. Their prealcoholic careers had ranged from repeated failure to spectacular success, but of 29 doctors alive at follow-up only eight were practising satisfactorily.  (+info)

(3/2091) Use of the critical incident technique in primary care in the audit of deaths by suicide.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the usefulness of the critical incident technique in primary care to improve policy and practice to prevent cases of suicide. DESIGN: Inviting all primary care teams in County Durham with a patient who committed suicide between 1 June 1993 and 31 May 1994 to take part in a critical incident audit with an external facilitator. RESULTS: 49 cases of suicide were available for study, registered with 31 practices. 19 (61%) practices accounting for 27 (55%) cases agreed to take part. Case discussions showed areas where practice could be improved, but no substantive preventive measures were identified within primary care, which would reduce the number of people committing suicide. The wider social and economic context was thought to be more important. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the critical incident technique in primary care may have only a limited role in improving the management of people at risk from suicide. However, one of the potential strengths of this approach is to encourage reflection on practice in a difficult emotional area.  (+info)

(4/2091) Psychosocial correlates of health compromising behaviors among adolescents.

The objective of the present study was to examine psychosocial correlates of diverse health-compromising behaviors among adolescents of different ages. The study population included 123,132 adolescents in sixth, ninth and 12th grades. Psychosocial correlates of substance abuse, delinquency, suicide risk, sexual activity and unhealthy weight loss behaviors were examined. Risk-taking disposition was significantly associated with nearly every behavior across age and gender groups. Other consistent correlates included sexual abuse and family connectedness. Correlates of health-compromising behaviors tended to be consistent across age groups. However, stronger associations were noted between sexual abuse and substance use for younger adolescents, and risk-taking disposition and school achievement were stronger correlates for older youth. The results suggest the presence of both common and unique etiological factors for different health-compromising behaviors among youth. The results emphasize the importance of focusing on positive 'risk-taking' experiences for youth in prevention programs; being sensitive to possible sexual abuse experiences among both female and male adolescents in health-care consultations; integrating strategies for improved family connectedness into health promotion efforts; and making school relevant for all adolescents.  (+info)

(5/2091) Evaluation and treatment of patients with suicidal ideation.

Suicidal ideation is more common than completed suicide. Most persons who commit suicide have a psychiatric disorder at the time of death. Because many patients with psychiatric disorders are seen by family physicians and other primary care practitioners rather than by psychiatrists, it is important that these practitioners recognize the signs and symptoms of the psychiatric disorders (particularly alcohol abuse and major depression) that are associated with suicide. Although most patients with suicidal ideation do not ultimately commit suicide, the extent of suicidal ideation must be determined, including the presence of a suicide plan and the patient's means to commit suicide.  (+info)

(6/2091) Potential for suicide prevention in primary care? An analysis of factors associated with suicide.

BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) need to be aware of the risk factors for suicide. GP records may provide clues to identifying the relative importance of such risk factors. AIMS: To identify, in suicide cases and matched controls, the patterns of consultation, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illness, and recording of risk factors for suicide. To examine the usefulness of data routinely collected by GPs in computerized databases to investigate treatment of patients in general practice prior to suicide. METHOD: Case control study using GP records from the General Practice Research Database (GPRD). Three controls selected for each case, matched for age, sex, and duration of registration with practice. Information extracted of the prevalence of major disease; diagnosis of, and treatment, or referral for, mental illness; frequency of recording of recent life events; and consultations with the GP in the 12 months prior to death. RESULT: Of the 339 suicide cases recorded, 80% were male, which is similar to the national percentage for this age group. Females were more likely than males to have a history of mental illness and to have been diagnosed and treated for mental illness in the 12 months before death (59% versus 35%), and women were more likely to have previously attempted suicide (47% versus 27%). There was no significant difference between males and females in period of time since last contact with GP practice, but females consulted more frequently. Twenty-nine per cent of cases had not consulted their GP in the six months prior to death. In multivariate analysis, the following were identified as independent risk factors: history of attempted suicide; untreated serious mental illness (odds ratio > 20); recent (past 12 months) marital life event; alcohol abuse; frequent consultations with GP; and previous mental illness. Recording of life events by GPs was poor. CONCLUSIONS: Females at risk of suicide are more likely than males to have been diagnosed and treated for mental illness. It is likely that GPs are under-diagnosed and under-treating males at risk. Data from the GPRD give comparable results to those from other studies. The GPRD is a potentially useful tool for research into relatively uncommon events in general practice.  (+info)

(7/2091) A worldwide assessment of the frequency of suicide, suicide attempts, or psychiatric hospitalization after predictive testing for Huntington disease.

Prior to the implementation of predictive-testing programs for Huntington disease (HD), significant concern was raised concerning the likelihood of catastrophic events (CEs), particularly in those persons receiving an increased-risk result. We have investigated the frequency of CEs-that is, suicide, suicide attempt, and psychiatric hospitalization-after an HD predictive-testing result, through questionnaires sent to predictive-testing centers worldwide. A total of 44 persons (0.97%) in a cohort of 4,527 test participants had a CE: 5 successful suicides, 21 suicide attempts, and 18 hospitalizations for psychiatric reasons. All persons committing suicide had signs of HD, whereas 11 (52.4%) of 21 persons attempting suicide and 8 (44.4%) of 18 who had a psychiatric hospitalization were symptomatic. A total of 11 (84.6%) of 13 asymptomatic persons who experienced a CE during the first year after HD predictive testing received an increased-risk result. Factors associated with an increased risk of a CE included (a) a psychiatric history +info)

(8/2091) Suicide within 12 months of contact with mental health services: national clinical survey.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical circumstances in which psychiatric patients commit suicide. DESIGN: National clinical survey. SETTING: England and Wales. SUBJECTS: A two year sample of people who had committed suicide, in particular those who had been in contact with mental health services in the 12 months before death. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of suicides in people who had had recent contact with mental health services; proportion of suicides in inpatients; proportion of people committing suicide and timing of suicide within three months of hospital discharge; proportion receiving high priority under the care programme approach; proportion who were recently non-compliant and not attending. RESULTS: 10 040 suicides were notified to the study between April 1996 and March 1998, of whom 2370 (24%; 95% confidence interval 23% to 24%) had had contact with mental health services in the year before death. Data were obtained on 2177, a response rate of 92%. In general these subjects had broad social and clinical needs. Alcohol and drug misuse were common. 358 (16%; 15% to 18%) were psychiatric inpatients at the time of death, 21% (17% to 25%) of whom were under special observation. Difficulties in observing patients because of ward design and nursing shortages were both reported in around a quarter of inpatient suicides. 519 (24%; 22% to 26%) suicides occurred within three months of hospital discharge, the highest number occurring in the first week after discharge. 914 (43%; 40% to 44%) were in the highest priority category for community care. 488 (26% excluding people whose compliance was unknown; 24% to 28%) were non-compliant with drug treatment while 486 (28%; 26% to 30%) community patients had lost contact with services. Most people who committed suicide were thought to have been at no or low immediate risk at the final service contact. Mental health teams believed suicide could have been prevented in 423 (22%; 20% to 24%) cases. CONCLUSIONS: Several suicide prevention measures in mental health services are implied by these findings, including measures to improve compliance and prevent loss of contact with services. Inpatient facilities should remove structural difficulties in observing patients and fixtures that can be used in hanging. Prevention of suicide after discharge may require earlier follow up in the community. Better suicide prevention in psychiatric patients is likely to need measures to improve the safety of mental health services as a whole, rather than specific measures for people known to be at high risk.  (+info)



homicides


  • During the 13-year study, more than half of the gun-related deaths were homicides, while 38 percent were suicides and 6 percent were fatalities from accidental gun injuries, researchers report in Pediatrics. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • Although accidental firearm deaths among children declined from 2002 to 2014 and gun-related homicides decreased from 2007 to 2014, suicides surged 60 percent from 2007 to 2014, the analysis of national injury records found. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • During 2003--2009, 85.9% of drug overdose deaths were unintentional, 11.1% were suicides, 2.6% were of undetermined intent, and 0.4% were homicides or pending. (cdc.gov)