Pharmacies: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Pharmacy: The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Schools, Pharmacy: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.Community Pharmacy Services: Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Pharmacy Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the receiving, storing, and distribution of pharmaceutical supplies.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Legislation, Pharmacy: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Pharmaceutical Services: Total pharmaceutical services provided by qualified PHARMACISTS. In addition to the preparation and distribution of medical products, they may include consultative services provided to agencies and institutions which do not have a qualified pharmacist.Pharmacists: Those persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Pharmacists' Aides: Persons who perform certain functions under the supervision of the pharmacist.Pharmacy Administration: The business and managerial aspects of pharmacy in its broadest sense.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Licensure, Pharmacy: The granting of a license to practice pharmacy.Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical pharmacy services.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Ethics, Pharmacy: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the pharmacist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the pharmacist in health care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Student Health Services: Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.Internship, Nonmedical: Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in fields other than medicine or dentistry, e.g., pharmacology, nutrition, nursing, etc.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Insurance, Pharmaceutical Services: Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.Pharmacy Residencies: Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in the practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Nonprescription Drugs: Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee: An advisory group composed primarily of staff physicians and the pharmacist which serves as the communication link between the medical staff and the pharmacy department.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.United StatesSocieties, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Schools: Educational institutions.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Syringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Drug Information Services: Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Insurance Claim Review: Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Students, Premedical: Individuals enrolled in a preparatory course for medical school.Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Prescription Drugs: Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Student Dropouts: Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.Drugs, Generic: Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Electronic Prescribing: The use of COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS to store and transmit medical PRESCRIPTIONS.Drug Utilization Review: Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Medication Errors: Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Fees, Pharmaceutical: Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist's professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Cultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Group Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Patient Care: The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision.Pharmaceutical Services, Online: Pharmacy services accessed via electronic means.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Economics, Pharmaceutical: Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Vocational Guidance: Systematic efforts to assist individuals in selecting an occupation or suitable employment on the basis of aptitude, education, etc.Role Playing: The adopting or performing the role of another significant individual in order to gain insight into the behavior of that person.Medication Adherence: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.ManikinsDental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Self Medication: The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.International Educational Exchange: The exchange of students or professional personnel between countries done under the auspices of an organization for the purpose of further education.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.College Admission Test: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.Drug Therapy: The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Prescription Fees: The charge levied on the consumer for drugs or therapy prescribed under written order of a physician or other health professional.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Drug Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Drug Compounding: The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Remedial Teaching: Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.Needle-Exchange Programs: Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.CaliforniaUnited States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.NebraskaAdolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.IndianaCost Sharing: Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Medicare Part D: A stand-alone drug plan offered by insurers and other private companies to beneficiaries that receive their Medicare Part A and/or B benefits through the Original Medicare Plan. It includes Medicare Private Fee-for-Service Plans that do not offer prescription drug coverage and Medicare Cost Plans offering Medicare prescription drug coverage. The plan was enacted as the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 with coverage beginning January 1, 2006.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Medication Systems, Hospital: Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).TennesseeSelf-Evaluation Programs: Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Computer Literacy: Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.IllinoisLeadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.HumanitiesPrivate Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Rho Chi Student Researcher of the Month | School of PharmacyThe School of Pharmacy Student Researcher of the Month was established by the Rho Chi Alpha Gamma Chapter to highlight the ... was established by the Rho Chi Alpha Gamma Chapter to highlight the research activities of students in the Doctor of Pharmacy ... UConn School of Pharmacy. 69 North Eagleville Road, Unit 3092. Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3092 ... The School of Pharmacy Student Researcher of the Month ...
UPS - Canadian Association of Pharmacy Students and Interns (CAPSI)Developed to promote and represent the interests of Canadian pharmacy students before organized bodies in pharmacy, other ... Developed to promote and represent the interests of Canadian pharmacy students before organized bodies in pharmacy, other ... Canadian Association of Pharmacy Students and Interns (CAPSI). ... Canadian Association of Pharmacy Students and Interns (CAPSI). ... CAPSI also serves to prepare them as professionals ready and willing to provide the best health care possible within pharmacy's ...
Finnigan lcq mat classic for microbial peptide map? - SharedProteomicsin the sake of student project of course - i'm a member of students scientific circle in the lab which is focused mainly on ... My name is Dorian and i am IVth year Pharmacy student. Lately i have become interested in proteomics (and its applications in ... pharmacy and diagnostics). Unfortunately, there is no subject called 'proteomics' at my university, and what is more painful, ...
Pharmacy Students | USF HealthPharmacy Students. Incoming Pharmacy Students. Incoming Pharmacy students for the Academic Year 2017-2018, prior to beginning ... Current Pharmacy Students. Immunization/Vaccination records on file in the Medical Health Administration Office can be obtained ...
Tier One Scholarship Benefits Pharmacy Students - University of HoustonTier One Scholarship Benefits Pharmacy Students. March 11, 2013 - The Tier One Scholarship is evolving to become more flexible ... "Besides hospital pharmacy, which I'm interested in, I also want to take a look at maybe independent pharmacies and see how ... Scholar Jennie Do enrolled in the College of Pharmacy in Fall 2012 and is sure that it is where she is supposed to be. Do is ... "The reason I came into pharmacy school was because I had a teacher who I was really close to and he was suffering from an ...
PPA Raises Money to Benefit Pharmacy Students | Duquesne UniversityPPA Raises Money to Benefit Pharmacy Students. March 18, 2015 Pharmacy Times. More than 300 pharmacy students, technicians, and ... The foundation also recently awarded grants of up to $1000 each to 5 students for their studies of innovative and best pharmacy ... One competition that the PPA hosted at its conference is the Know Pain, Know Gain program, where pharmacy students participate ... www.pharmacytimes.com/careers-news/Pharmacist-Association-Raises-Money-to-Benefit-Pharmacy-Students?utm_source=GoogleNews&utm_ ...
Chemistry for Pharmacy Students av Satyajit Sarker (Heftet) | Tanum nettbokhandelChemistry for Pharmacy Students (Heftet) av forfatter Satyajit Sarker. Pris kr 689. ... Chemistry for Pharmacy Students is a student-friendly introduction to the key areas of chemistry required by all pharmacy and ... Chemistry for Pharmacy Students (Heftet). General, Organic and Natural Product Chemistry. Forfatter:. Satyajit Sarker og Lutfun ... Chemistry for Pharmacy Students. "This book has succeeded in covering the basic chemistry essentials required by the ...
Attorneys to perform mock trial for AU pharmacy students | Columbus Ledger-EnquirerA mock trial will be presented to incoming pharmacy students at Auburn University on Friday. ...
Perceived stress and quality of life of pharmacy students in University of Ghana10000 0004 1937 1485grid.8652.9Department of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health ... and coping mechanisms among Doctor of Pharmacy Students. Pharmacy. 2015;3(4):344-354. doi: 10.3390/pharmacy3040344. [Cross Ref] ... Pharmacy students demonstrate comparatively higher prevalence of stress than students of the other health professions which ... A comparison study of perceived stress and quality of life among Master of Pharmacy and non-pharmacy master's students. Pharm ...
Pharmacy students to learn vital cultural, communication and clinical skills on new degree course : Press release archive :...The new Pharmacy masters, will teach students the cultural, communication and clinical skills they need in order to broaden ... Pharmacy students to learn vital cultural, communication and clinical skills on new degree course. ... Taught by world-leading experts, students will graduate with a Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) degree - the only qualification in ... We want our students, who will be taught by world-leading experts, to learn and experience first-hand the vital cultural, ...
School of Pharmacy - Prospective Students - Application CycleApplication is available to students. September. Latest PCAT test date for students to meet application deadline www.pcatweb. ... Application Cycle (School of Pharmacy). The School of Pharmacy does not have rolling admissions. However, you are strongly ... Each year, the SIUE School of Pharmacy adheres to the following admission cycle:. Beginning June 1. ... Criteria Performance Requirements Technical Standards Applying to the School Frequently Asked Questions Transfer Students ...
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College of Pharmacy Dean of StudentsDean of Students. Welcome!. Pharmacy students at the Medical University of South Carolina are part of a close-knit community ... MUSC College of Pharmacy Reopens September 13. Classes resume at the MUSC College of Pharmacy and the MUSC campus of the South ... The College of Pharmacy at the Medical University of South Carolina provides a premier pharmacy education leveraging the ... College of Pharmacy. 843-792-8451. firstname.lastname@example.org. Faye Ratliff. Student Services Program Coordinator II. 843-792-6647. ...
Mbarara 2009: Fantastic Pharmacy Students!One of the Second Year Pharmacy students came to see me this week, to tell me that the students were arranging a farewell tea ... We got presented with certificates from the Pharmacy Students Association and the Medical Students Association, to recognise ... At the start of the tea party, some of the students did speeches to thank Jason and I for our efforts in the pharmacy ... rolling out the Learning Management System for pharmacy students, and many other things. The speeches were moving, and often ...
Graduate Students | School of PharmacyUConn School of Pharmacy. 69 North Eagleville Road, Unit 3092. Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3092 ...
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science: students looki - Kolekcije Europeane... students looking through microscopes in a laboratory. Photograph, c. 1933. ... Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science: students looking through microscopes in a laboratory. Photograph, c. 1933. ...
Pharma-ACU - Online Portal for Pharmacy Students & Staff in Ahram Canadian UniversityOnline Portal for Pharmacy Students & Staff in Ahram Canadian University ... Online Portal for Pharmacy Students & Staff in Ahram Canadian University. Menu. Skip to content *Home ...
Pharmacy Technician Students Receive $500 Tuition Assistance | Continuing EducationPharmacy Technician Students Receive $500 Tuition Assistance. by John Ridgeway , Aug 31, 2017 , Uncategorized , ... This acclaimed program specializes in preparing students for the national Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination. ... We have many exciting new programs for Fall 2017, and one that really stands out is our Pharmacy Technician Program.. ...
3.9 lakh students in Maharashtra to take MH-CET for engineering, pharmacy courses today | mumbai news | Hindustan Times3.9 lakh students in Maharashtra to take MH-CET for engineering, pharmacy courses today. Officials from the Directorate of ... Students who clear this exam, which will be conducted across 1,110 centres in the state, will be eligible for admissions to ... Students who clear this exam, which will be conducted across 1,110 centres in the state, will be eligible for admissions to ... "JEE has negative marking and the syllabus is vast, so it is possible that many students chose to appear for CET over the other ...
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Useful Linksquick link resources for students, Student Conduct Code,Academic Misconduct,Emergency Preparedness and Safety,Health and ... Current Gatton Pharmacy Students. Bill Gatton College of Pharmacy. Pharmacy , Current Students , Useful Links ... Bill Gatton College of Pharmacy. Maple Avenue, Bldg. 7. PO Box 70414 , Johnson City, TN 37614. 423-439-6338 ...
OPA | Students - NewsVital information including current pharmacy news, continuing education opportunities, OPA activities and links to other ... pharmacy resources can be found within these pages. ... Pharmacy Students. News. Ohio Research/Innovative Forums and ... Governor Kasich signs four pharmacy bills into law!. Governor Kasich signs bill tackling pharmacy tech registration, controlled ... August Legislative Update- HB 49: Ohio's Budget Bill & Pharmacy Issues. HB 49: Ohio's Budget Bill and Pharmacy Issues ...
Our students are equipped to contribute to the profession. | South Carolina College of PharmacyKennedy Pharmacy Innovation Center. Center for Cell Death Injury and Regeneration. Center for Drug Discovery. Palmetto Poison ... Clinical Pharmacy and Outcomes Sciences. Department of Drug Discovery and Biomedical Sciences. Experiential Education. ...
Pine Ridge Indian ReservationPosted in College of Pharmacy, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Service Learning & Medical Missions Pharmacy Students Embark on ... Six students from the Belmont University School of Pharmacy and myself, Dr. Mark Chirico will leave for Pine Ridge, SD on May ... Posted in College of Pharmacy, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Service Learning & Medical Missions So much more. Posted on May ... Posted in College of Pharmacy, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Service Learning & Medical Missions Our family. Posted on May 23 ...
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Genovese Drug Stores: Genovese Drug Stores was a pharmacy chain located in the New York City-Long Island area of the United States, including northern New Jersey, along with Fairfield County, Connecticut and Hartford County, Connecticut. It was acquired by Eckerd in 1998.Cigarette smoking among college students: The rates of college students smoking in the United States have fluctuated for the past twenty years. Majority of lifelong smokers begin smoking habits before the age of 24, which makes the college years a crucial time in the study of cigarette consumption.Nuclear pharmacy: Nuclear Pharmacy involves a lot of preparation of radioactive materials that will be used to diagnose and treat specific diseases. It was the first pharmacy specialty established in 1978 by the Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties.Leiden International Medical Student ConferenceGeneric Pharmaceutical Price Decay: Generic Pharmaceutical Price Decay is what happens (in the UK) once the originator brand has lost its patent exclusivity (patent expiry) and generic versions of the originator brand have been launched.Applied Economics, 2004, 36, 731–73, The price premium of generic to brand-names and pharmaceutical price index, Ying KonNHH Dept.Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Antenor Orrego Private UniversityProfessional student: The term Professional student has two uses in the university setting:KamaladalamGraphic facilitation: Graphic Facilitation is the use of large scale imagery to lead groups and individuals towards a goal. The method is used in various processes such as meetings, seminars, workshops and conferences.Dentistry in the United States: The practice of dentistry in the United States is overseen by several agencies including the American Dental Association, the Commission on Dental Accreditation and the regional boards. Ultimate licensure is the responsibility of individual states.Medication Administration Record: A Medication Administration Record or MAR (eMAR for electronic versions) is the report that serves as a legal record of the drugs administered to a patient at a facility by a health care professional. The MAR is a part of a patient's permanent record on their medical chart.John Smoke JohnsonClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Brooks College of Health: The Brooks College of Health is a college at the University of North Florida. About 1,900 students are enrolled in the school,http://www.DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research: Divya Jyoti (DJ) College of Dental Sciences and Research is a dental college located in Modinagar in the nagar panchayat of Niwari in Ghaziabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The founder and chairman is Ajit Singh Jassar.Becky JamesAlexander Walker (physiologist): Alexander Walker (1779—1852) was a Scottish physiologist, aesthetician, encyclopaedist, translator, novelist, and journalist.Kiten (program)Oncology benefit managementPharmacy residency: Pharmacy Residency is education a pharmacist can pursue beyond the degree required for licensing as a pharmacist (in the United States of America: PharmD).ExploreLearning: Explore Learning is a Charlottesville, Virginia-based company which operates a large library of interactive online simulations for mathematics and science education in grades 3–12. These simulations are called Gizmos.List of medical schools in the United KingdomStandard evaluation frameworkBehavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.PimpleUpsilon Phi Delta: Upsilon Phi Delta (ΥΦΔ) is the national academic honor society for students in healthcare administration in the United States. The organization was formed in 1965 to further the profession of health administration and the professional competence and dedication of its members.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies: International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS) was established on March 2, 1985 in Washington, D.C.St. Vrain Valley School DistrictSyringeAtlantic University: Atlantic University is private, distance education institution of higher and continuing education in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It is associated with Edgar Cayce's Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.Immaculate perception: The expression immaculate perception has been used in various senses by various philosophers.Dental Schools Council: The Dental Schools Council represents the interests of UK dental schools as it relates to national health, wealth, knowledge acquisition through teaching, research, and the profession of dentistry.Universities UK http://www.Nihon UniversityNencki Institute of Experimental Biology: The Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology is a Polish scientific research organization and a part of Polish Academy of Sciences headquartered in Warsaw, Poland. Founded in 1918, it is a leading institution in the country in the field of neurobiology, molecular biology and biochemistry.General Educational Development: Ged}}Copayment: A copayment or copay is a fixed payment for a covered service, paid when an individual receives service. In the United States, copayment is a payment defined in an insurance policy and paid by an insured person each time a medical service is accessed.VII Photo Agency: VII is an international photo agency wholly owned and governed by its membership.Iranian National Formulary: The Iranian National Formulary (INF) has more than 2,300 molecules registered at the Iran's Ministry of Health, including various strengths and dosage forms. The standards regarding pharmaceutical products in Iran are determined and modified by the Pharmacopeia Council.National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories: National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL).History of communication studies: Various aspects of communication have been the subject of study since ancient times, and the approach eventually developed into the academic discipline known today as communication studies.Life writing: Life writing is the recording of selves, memories, and experiences, whether one's own or another's. This applies to many genres and practices, under which can be found autobiography, biography, memoir, diaries, letters, testimonies, personal essays and, more recently, digital forms such as blogs and email.Prosection: A prosection is the dissection of a cadaver (human or animal) or part of a cadaver by an experienced anatomist in order to demonstrate for students anatomic structure."Prosection.Internet organizations: This is a list of Internet organizations, or organizations that play or played a key role in the evolution of the Internet by developing recommendations, standards, and technology; deploying infrastructure and services; and addressing other major issues.Australian referendum, 1913 (Trade and Commerce): The Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) 1912 was an Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend Commonwealth legislative power in respect to trade and commerce.USPS Post Office Box Lobby Recycling programThe Republican War on Science: The Republican War on Science is a 2005 book by Chris C. Mooney, an American journalist who focuses on the politics of science policy.The Art of Negative Thinking: The Art of Negative Thinking (Norwegian: Kunsten å tenke negativt) is a 2006 Norwegian black comedy film directed and written by Bård Breien. The storyline revolves around a man (played by Fridtjov Såheim) who is adjusting to life in a wheelchair, and the socializing group he is made to join.Document-centric collaboration: Document-centric collaboration is a new approach to working together on projects online which puts the document and its contents at the centre of the process.General Medicine Faculty of RostGMU (Rostov State Medical University): Rostov State Medical University, Faculty of General Medicine - Located in Rostov city center with 20 departments, each departments has its own clinics with numbers of beds.
(1/749) Evaluation of five full-text drug databases by pharmacy students, faculty, and librarians: do the groups agree?
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of five full-text drug databases as evaluated by medical librarians, pharmacy faculty, and pharmacy students at an academic health center. Study findings and recommendations are offered as guidance to librarians responsible for purchasing decisions. METHODS: Four pharmacy students, four pharmacy faculty members, and four medical librarians answered ten drug information questions using the databases AHFS Drug Information (STAT!Ref); DRUGDEX (Micromedex); eFacts (Drug Facts and Comparisons); Lexi-Drugs Online (Lexi-Comp); and the PDR Electronic Library (Micromedex). Participants noted whether each database contained answers to the questions and evaluated each database on ease of navigation, screen readability, overall satisfaction, and product recommendation. RESULTS: While each study group found that DRUGDEX provided the most direct answers to the ten questions, faculty members gave Lexi-Drugs the highest overall rating. Students favored eFacts. The faculty and students found the PDR least useful. Librarians ranked DRUGDEX the highest and AHFS the lowest. The comments of pharmacy faculty and students show that these groups preferred concise, easy-to-use sources; librarians focused on the comprehensiveness, layout, and supporting references of the databases. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the importance of consulting with primary clientele before purchasing databases. Although there are many online drug databases to consider, present findings offer strong support for eFacts, Lexi-Drugs, and DRUGDEX. (+info)
(2/749) A comparison of health professions student attitudes regarding tobacco curricula and interventionist roles.
Health care providers who feel prepared are more apt to assume tobacco interventionist roles; therefore, educational preparation is critical. A nonprobability sample of health professions students at an urban academic health center were asked to respond to a twenty-two-item survey eliciting demographic, behavioral, and tobacco-related attitudinal information. Frequency distributions were assessed with Pearson chi-square statistics. The overall response rate was 76.7 percent, and final sample size was 319. Current use of spit tobacco (ST) was 2.5 percent and current smoking 5.6 percent. In comparing current smokers to nonsmokers and current ST users to nonusers, we found that no differences in proportion agreeing with any of the five questions about attitudes and opinions were statistically significant at p-value 0.05. At least 70 percent of students from each of six health professions programs agreed it was their professional responsibility to help smokers quit, and at least 65 percent agreed to the same responsibility for helping ST users quit. The proportion agreeing that their programs had course content describing their role in helping patients quit tobacco use varied widely by program from 100 percent agreement among dental hygiene and pharmacy students to 14.6 percent of physical therapy students (p-value <0.001). When asked whether their program adequately prepared them to help smokers quit, agreement ranged from 100 percent among dental hygiene students to only 5.5 percent among physical therapy students (p-value <0.001). Almost 90 percent of dental hygiene students agreed that they were adequately trained to help ST users quit, but no other program had a percentage of agreement above 34 percent (p-value <0.001). Consistent and comprehensive multidisciplinary tobacco-related curricula could offer desirable standardization. (+info)
(3/749) Content of home pharmacies and self-medication practices in households of pharmacy and medical students in Zagreb, Croatia: findings in 2001 with a reference to 1977.
AIM: To evaluate the content of household drug supplies and self-medication practice among medical and pharmacy students at Zagreb University in 2001, and to relate the findings to a previous survey in 1977. METHODS: A cross-sectional anonymous questionnaire-based survey included 287 students who inventoried drug supplies in their family households and interviewed the household members on drug keeping and self-medication practice. An identical methodology was used in 1977 (n=225). RESULTS: In 2001, healthcare professionals were present in 37% of the surveyed households (33% in 1977). At least one drug was found in every household. Drugs were kept at a designated place ("home pharmacy") in 68% of the households (65% in 1977). Drugs past expiry dates and/or with purpose unknown to the household members were reported in 27% of the households (32% in 1977). The most frequently found drugs were non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that were present in 97% of the households (93% in 1977), and were followed by antibiotics found in 46% of the households (40% in 1977). Self-medication of NSAIDs was practiced in 88% of the households in which they were found (95% in 1977), whereas self-medication of antibiotics was practiced in 37% of the households in which they were found (41% in 1977). CONCLUSION: Accumulation of drugs was common in the surveyed households. Self-medication of over-the-counter drugs was a routine practice, and self-medication of prescription drugs was practiced in many households. No major difference in this respect was found between the 2001 and 1977 surveys. (+info)
(4/749) Survey of the levels of satisfaction with pharmacy practice among third-year students in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido--influence of experience in voluntary training at a community pharmacy and plans after graduation.
Pharmacy practice, which is executed in the taught of pharmaceutical sciences in Japan, has been assessed and improved student questionnaires. The levels of student satisfaction with the practice are expected to be influenced by their plans after graduation and their experience of training in pharmacies. However, there are few reports analyzing the information in the questionnaires from these viewpoints. In this report, we surveyed the levels of satisfaction of 148 third-year students in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the Health Sciences University of Hokkaido using questionnaires and analyzed the influence of the students' background on the levels of satisfaction with pharmacy practice. Almost half of the students had received voluntary training in hospital and/or community pharmacies. Concerning plans after graduation, 36.5%, 27.7%, and 21.6% wanted to become community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and graduate students, respectively. More than 70% of the students were well satisfied with all the programs of practice. The levels of satisfaction with the overall practice and prescription analysis were significantly higher among students who had experienced training in pharmacies than among those who had not. Students who planned to become hospital pharmacists were more satisfied with manners seminars, one-dose package practice, and practice in a simulated pharmacy than the students who planned to enter the other field. Such surveys are useful for finding points for improvement and the development of new curricula when the assessment of pharmacy practice takes student background into consideration. (+info)
(5/749) Tobacco use and cessation counseling--global health professionals survey pilot study, 10 countries, 2005.
Tobacco use is projected to cause nearly 450 million deaths worldwide during the next 50 years. Health professionals can have a critical role in reducing tobacco use; even brief and simple advice from health professionals can substantially increase smoking cessation rates. Therefore, one of the strategies to reduce the number of smoking-related deaths is to encourage the involvement of health professionals in tobacco-use prevention and cessation counseling. Studies have collected information from health-profession students in various countries about their tobacco use and training as cessation counselors; however, no study has collected this information cross-nationally by using a consistent survey methodology. The World Health Organization (WHO), CDC, and the Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA) developed the Global Health Professionals Survey (GHPS) to collect data on tobacco use and cessation counseling among health-profession students in all WHO member states. This report summarizes findings from the GHPS Pilot Study, which consisted of 16 surveys conducted in 10 countries among third-year students in four health-profession disciplines (dentistry, medicine, nursing, and pharmacy) during the first quarter of 2005. The findings indicated that current cigarette smoking among these students was higher than 20% in seven of the 10 countries surveyed. Nevertheless, 87%-99% of the students surveyed believed they should have a role in counseling patients to quit smoking; only 5%-37% of these third-year students had actually received formal training in how to conduct such counseling. Schools for health professionals, public health organizations, and education officials should work together to design and implement training in smoking-cessation counseling for all health-profession students. (+info)
(6/749) Impact of end-user search training on pharmacy students: a four-year follow-up study.
The Alfred Taubman Medical Library at the University of Michigan has offered instruction in online literature searching to third-year pharmacy students as a component of the course "Drug Information and Scientific Literature Evaluation" since 1983. In the spring of 1989, a follow-up study was conducted to assess the impact of instruction on four classes of graduates. Of a pool of 151 graduates, 90 (60%) responded to a mailed questionnaire on their use of information and computerized literature searching. The respondents were divided into four subgroups: end-user searchers, users of intermediaries, end users who used intermediaries, and those who did not use computerized literature search systems. Seventy-two percent of the respondents used some type of computerized literature searching, and 42% performed their own searches. The four subgroups differed in general computer use, familiarity with MEDLINE search terminology, information use, reasons for using or not using literature searching, and characteristics of searches (i.e., type, time frame, amount, and frequency). Training in end-user search systems appears to have had an impact on the continued use of computerized literature searching several years after the formal educational program. (+info)
(7/749) Recruiting undergraduates to rural practice: what the students can tell us.
INTRODUCTION: There are still large gaps in the evidence base for the effectiveness of Australian undergraduate rural coursework and placements programs designed to increase the numbers of health graduates choosing rural practice. This article reports on an online survey conducted in 2004 of health science students at the University of Tasmania, Australia, designed as a part of a long-term study to test coursework interventions by tracking students' attitudes to, and experience of, rural practice from course entry to eventual practice. METHOD: All first and final year students in medicine, nursing and pharmacy in the Faculty of Health Science were invited to complete an online survey exploring the undergraduate experience of rural health. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 148 first year and 87 final year students, a response rate of 32.4% and 23.1% respectively. Over one-third (38.5%) of first years and 56.3% of final years indicated a general preference for rural life and practice and almost 90% expected to spend at least some of their career in rural practice. There was a statistically significant relationship between rural practice orientation and rural origin among first years, although this relationship was weaker among final years. Of first years, 82.4%, and 82.7% of final years appear to have made at least some commitment to a particular career path, and two-thirds to a particular practice environment. Rurally oriented first year students were significantly more committed to a career path than those without that orientation, although this did not hold for final years. When asked how much of their careers they expected to spend in capital city, rural, remote and/or overseas practice, both first and final year students' responses were notable for their spread. Few ruled rural or urban practice in or out entirely with most opting for middle range responses of 'most', 'about half' or 'part' of their career. Over half of both years expected to spend some time in remote practice and 75.1% of first years and 66.6% of final years some time in overseas practice. The factors rated most important in relation to career choice were those related directly to the realities of day-to-day professional practice--professional and peer support, work conditions and variety of work. Approximately three-quarters of those entering undergraduate education felt themselves to be at least 'somewhat informed' about rural practice but, apart from medical students, were little better informed by final year. The only perception of rural practice very widely shared (by more than 80% of respondents) was the possibility of developing better patient relations. Many of the other factors frequently identified as major issues in the rural practice literature--locality, flexibility, opportunities for further study, and spouse/partner and children's needs - while recognised by some, do not appear to loom large with undergraduates either in terms of career choice or perceptions of rural practice. Most final year students recalled receiving specific rural health training through rural placements and/or rural curriculum content. Overall recall of coursework was patchy, although placements were well-remembered and there was good support for increases in both. None of those who recalled undertaking rural coursework felt that it had influenced them towards a rural career and over two-thirds (n = 37, 69.8%) felt that this exposure had actually influenced them away from such a career. Three students reported that undertaking a rural placement influenced them towards, and 35 away from, a rural/remote career. CONCLUSION: The ultimate measure of the success of undergraduate interventions will be workforce changes over time. In the meantime more research is needed into undergraduate experience of rural health to provide the data needed for the careful design of coursework, detailed planning of the placement experience and long-term strategies to address those aspects of rural practice that are of most concern to these emerging health professionals. (+info)
(8/749) Tobacco sales in pharmacies: time to quit.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the pharmacy profession's perceptions of tobacco sales in US pharmacies and explore whether a policy prohibiting sales of tobacco in pharmacies would alter adult consumer shopping behaviour. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN: In California, surveys were administered to 1168 licensed pharmacists and 1518 pharmacy students, and telephone interviews were conducted with 988 adult consumers. RESULTS: Most (58.1%) licensed pharmacists were strongly against sales of tobacco in pharmacies, 23.6% were against it, 16.7% were neutral, 1.2% were in favour of it, and 0.4% were strongly in favour of it. Pharmacists who were current tobacco users were more likely to be in favour of tobacco sales in pharmacies than were pharmacists who were current non-users (p < 0.005). Similar statistics were observed for pharmacy students. Most consumers (72.3%) disagreed with the statement, "I am in favour of tobacco products being sold in drugstores"; 82.6% stated that if the drugstore where they most commonly shopped were to stop selling tobacco products, they would shop there just as often, 14.2% would shop there more often, and 3.2% would shop there less often. CONCLUSION: Little professional or public support exists for tobacco sales in pharmacies. (+info)
Doctor of Pharm
- The scholarship program this year provided awards ranging from $1,000 to $20,000 to each pharmacy school's scholarship fund to assist pharmacy students working to achieve their professional Doctor of Pharmacy degree. (drugstorenews.com)
- Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree or equivalent experience required. (aftercollege.com)
College of Pharm
- Graduate of an accredited College of Pharmacy or nearing graduation. (aftercollege.com)
- Those students complete the last two years of their undergraduate and two additional years as graduate students in the pharmacy program. (ljworld.com)
- Their generous contributions for this year's scholarships further illustrate the unwavering commitment by retail pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industries to advancing patient care and pharmacy education by supporting the next generation of leaders in community pharmacy. (drugstorenews.com)
- Teach pharmacy students serving as interns in preparation for their graduation or licensure. (onetonline.org)
- This year, the NACDS Foundation provided scholarship assistance to each of the 126 accredited pharmacy schools and colleges in the nation. (drugstorenews.com)
- Will Lang, vice president of policy and advocacy at the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, said the economic impact of pharmacists is well-documented. (ljworld.com)
- KU is the only pharmacy school in the state and accepts transfers from other colleges and universities across the state. (ljworld.com)
- Previous outpatient or community pharmacy experience preferred. (aftercollege.com)
- PALM BEACH, Fla. - The National Association of Chain Drug Stores Foundation announced that $350,000 in scholarships were awarded through its 2012 pharmacy partners scholarship program. (drugstorenews.com)
- The 2012 NACDS Foundation pharmacy partners scholarship program was supported by a group of 29 benefactors, comprised of NACDS chain members and associate members. (drugstorenews.com)
- We cannot thank the benefactors enough for their support of the NACDS Foundation pharmacy partners scholarship program,' NACDS Foundation president Kathleen Jaeger said. (drugstorenews.com)
- So far, the House and Senate have taken opposite approaches on expansion of KU's pharmacy program. (ljworld.com)
- Leaders at Kansas University's School of Pharmacy are touting a new study that shows every dollar invested in pharmacy education not only creates more pharmacists but also generates a huge return for the state economy. (ljworld.com)
- 10,000 NACDS Foundation Scholarship awarded to St. John Fisher College Wegmans School of Pharmacy. (drugstorenews.com)
- A study at the University of Tennessee showed each dollar invested in that pharmacy school generated $27.90 for the Tennessee economy. (ljworld.com)
- The KU pharmacy school is asking the Legislature for $50 million in bonding authority and $1 million in planning funds to expand the school on the Lawrence campus and open a branch of the school in Wichita. (ljworld.com)
- Manage pharmacy operations, hiring or supervising staff, performing administrative duties, or buying or selling non-pharmaceutical merchandise. (onetonline.org)
- We are looking for you to be a part of our excellent staff of professionals in our Outpatient Pharmacy! (aftercollege.com)
- Mayo Clinic is located in the heart of downtown Rochester, Minnesota, a vibrant, friendly city that provides a highly livable environment for more than 34,000 Mayo staff and students. (aftercollege.com)
- Equivalent experience includes at least five years of relevant pharmacy practice. (aftercollege.com)
- If approved, the university would be able to enroll about 85 more pharmacy students between the two locations. (ljworld.com)