*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Further Evidence for Staphylococcal Food Poisoning Outbreaks Caused by egc-Encoded Enterotoxins
The relevance of newly described enterotoxins in outbreaks of staphylococcal food poisoning is controversially discussed. ... provide further evidence that newly-described staphylococcal enterotoxins are likely to cause staphylococcal food poisoning in ... and SEO cause staphylococcal food poisoning. We investigated two outbreaks registered with the Swiss Federal Office of Public ... and seo linked to typical signs of staphylococcal food poisoning were isolated. The outbreaks were caused by consumption of raw ...
*  Staphylococcal food poisoning | definition of staphylococcal food poisoning by Medical dictionary
... staphylococcal food poisoning explanation free. What is staphylococcal food poisoning? Meaning of staphylococcal food poisoning ... Looking for online definition of staphylococcal food poisoning in the Medical Dictionary? ... staphylococcal food poisoning. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. staphylococcal food poisoning. Poisoning ... Staphylococcal food poisoning , definition of staphylococcal food poisoning by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
*  Outbreak of Staphylococcal food poisoning due to SEA-producing Staphylococcus aureus - Zurich Open Repository and Archive
This is one of only a few studies that were able to link a staphylococcal food poisoning outbreak to its source. ... This is one of only a few studies that were able to link a staphylococcal food poisoning outbreak to its source. ... Outbreak of Staphylococcal food poisoning due to SEA-producing Staphylococcus aureus. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 10(9): ... 05 Vetsuisse Faculty , Institute of Food Safety and Hygiene. Dewey Decimal Classification:. 570 Life sciences; biology 610 ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Infectious Diseases: Bacterial: Staphylococcal: Food Poisoning
The toxin produced by Staphylococcal bacteria growing in food produces a type of foodborne illness. ... The toxin produced by Staphylococcal bacteria growing in food produces a type of foodborne illness. ... Staphylococcus aureus: A Problem When Food Is Left Out Too Long Fact sheet about this cause of foodborn illness and steps to ...
*  Causes & Symptoms
Organisms multiply in food left at room temperature.. Staphylococcal food poisoning. Staphylococcal enterotoxin (produced ... Perfringens food poisoning. Clostridium perfringens. Symptoms: Abdominal pain and diarrhea, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. ... Food becomes contaminated when a human carrier does not wash hands and then handles liquid or food that is not thoroughly ... May be transmitted by uncooked foods that become contaminated while growing or after cooking by infected food handlers. Cool, ...
*  Staphylococcal enteritis - Wikipedia
Keep kitchens and food-serving areas clean and sanitized. Finally, as most staphylococcal food poisoning are the result of food ... "Disease Listing, Staphylococcal Food Poisoning, General Info CDC Bacterial, Mycotic Diseases". Centers for Disease Control and ... "CDC - Staphylococcal Food Poisoning - NCZVED". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 7 June 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2012. ... For the detection of Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning which can lead to staphylococcal enteritis a stool culture may be ...
*  Staphylococci Ppt | Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus | Diseases And Disorders
STAPHYLOCOCCAL FOOD POISONING      foods contaminated with toxins most common way: contact with food workers who carry the ... Staph food poisoning      The illness is mild recover after one to three days Supportive treatment Antibiotics are not ... FOOD INTAKE WAS LIMITED, DUE TO NAUSEA NAD VOMITING. SHE NOTICED RASHES ON HER ABDOMEN, AND HER PERINEAL AREA WAS PAINFUL. ... Staphylococcal exfoliative toxin B has been shown to specifically cleave desmoglein 1, a cadherin that is found in desmosomes ...
*  PAHO Publications Catalog :: Books :: Browse by Subject :: Veterinary Health :: Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to...
Staphylococcal Food Poisoning. Streptococcosis. Tetanus. Tick-borne Relapsing Fever. Tularemia. Zoonotic Tuberculosis. PART II ... Food Poisoning Caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Glanders. Infection Caused by Capnocytophaga canimorsus and C. cynodegmi. ... Clostridial Food Poisoning. Clostridial Wound Infection. Colibacillosis. Corynebacteriosis. Dermatophilosis. Diseases Caused by ... Intersectoral Coordination Between Health & Agriculture: Zoonoses, Food Safety and Foot-and-Mouth Disease. ...
*  Is a Staph Infection Contagious?
Staphylococcal food poisoning produces symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration. These symptoms usually come on ... Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The symptoms for food poisoning are *fever, ... However, those staph organisms that cause food poisoning do so by producing a toxin; the toxin is not contagious but may occur ... Dehydration associated with food poisoning. If any of the above symptoms or signs are severe, the person should be brought to ...
*  Liosta de ghalair thógálacha - Vicipéid
Staphylococcal food poisoning. Géineas Staphylococcus. Staphylococcal infection. Géineas Staphylococcus. Strongyloidiasis. ...
*  Iraq and Iran Kiss and Make up to Deliver Death to America
Naturally occurring staphylococcal food poisoning cases would not present with pulmonary symptoms. SEB intoxication tends to ... SEB is one of the pyrogenic toxins that commonly causes food poisoning in humans after the toxin is produced in improperly ... SEB has caused countless endemic cases of food poisoning. Often these cases have been clustered, due to common source exposure ... It may become necessary to distinguish nerve agent and/or atropine poisoning from botulinum intoxication. Nerve agent poisoning ...
*  Staphylococcus aureus - Wikipedia
For staphylococcal food poisoning, phage typing can be performed to determine whether the staphylococci recovered from the food ... S. aureus is also responsible for food poisoning. It is capable of generating toxins that produce food poisoning in the human ... "Staphylococcal Food Poisoning". cdc.gov. hhs.gov. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016. "Staphylococcus." Foodsafety.gov, ... "Staphylococcal Food Poisoning." Food Safety, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4 Oct. 2016, https://www.cdc.gov/ ...
*  Toxin-mediated infections (toxic shock syndrome) - Renal and Urology News
TSST-1 and the staphylococcal enterotoxins (responsible for staphylococcal food poisoning) are considered superantigens. ... "Successful treatment of staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome with linezolid: A case report and in vitro evaluation of TSST-1 ... Any staphylococcal infection may be associated with toxic shock syndrome. Classically, staph TSS has been associated with ... Name of condition: Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome (staph TSS), streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (strep TSS), gas ...
*  Tracing and growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus in barbecue cheese production after product recall - Zurich Open...
Staphylococcal food poisoning is one of the most prevalent causes of foodborne intoxication worldwide. It is caused by ... Staphylococcal food poisoning is one of the most prevalent causes of foodborne intoxication worldwide. It is caused by ... aureus and decrease the risk of staphylococcal food poisoning without changing the traditional production process. To this end ... aureus and decrease the risk of staphylococcal food poisoning without changing the traditional production process. To this end ...
*  PPT - Newer Trends in Management of Acute Diarrhea in Children PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 3f2e1-NGVmZ
of food like Ciguatera or scromboid (scrombotoxin found in fish) *Staphylococcal food poisoning onset within hrs after eating ... Dietary causes - overfeeding, underfeeding, food allergy, food poisoning etc *Misc. causes - antibiotic associated, ... The majority of food borne illnesses are caused by staphylococcus aureus from contaminated food being allowed to stand, ... food poisoning, Rotavirus (?), Norwalk virus ... , PowerPoint PPT presentation , free to view ...
*  Medical Research and Cruise Ships
"Staphylococcal food poisoning on a cruise ship," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Jun 10 1983, 32(22):294-5.. Dannenberg ... "Staphylococcal food poisoning on a cruise ship," Epidemiology and Infection, Oct 1987, 99(2):349-53.. O'Mahony M, Noah ND, ... Staphylococcal food poisoning on a cruise ship," Journal of the American Medical Association, Jul 1 1983, 250(1):26.. " ... "Characterization of a variant strain of Norwalk virus from a food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis on a cruise ship in Hawaii ...
*  Curing and Smoking Meats for Home Food Preservation
Outbreak of Staphylococcal Food Poisoning Associated with Precooked Ham -- Florida, 1997 (CDC 1997b). ... of foods catalyzed by oxygen, such as rancidity. Many food spoilage and food poisoning organisms require oxygen for growth and ... Food Poisoning Organisms. Microorganisms are ubiquitous in foods. Some can be present and harmless. Others can be present and ... Cured/Smoked Food Spoilage. Not all microbial growth leads to food poisoning. Indeed, many organisms simply spoil cured and ...
*  Red Book, 30th Edition (2015) | AAP eBooks
Staphylococcal Food Poisoning. *. Page 715 Staphylococcal Infections. *. Page 732 Group A Streptococcal Infections ...
*  The Wolf Haters: November 2011
Staphylococcal food poisoning Staphylococcal infection Strongyloidiasis Syphilis Tetanus Tinea barbae. Tinea capitis Tinea ... Food poisoning by Clostridium perfringens Free-living amebic infection Fusobacterium infection Gas gangrene Geotrichosis ...
*  Diabetes Case Study: A New Perspective on Type 1 and Type 2
... staphylococcal food poisoning could be the most common type. B. The incubation period for staphylococcal food poisioning is a ... STAPHYLOCOCCAL FOOD POISONING. A. Modern microbiologists, however, have exonerated the ptomaines and placed the blame for most ... food poisonings on the Gram-positve bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. Today, staphylococcal food poisioning ranks as the second ... suppuration of wounds and food poisoning; see Further Comments at end of species description. B. In the presence of air, mainly ...
*  Raw milk - Wikipedia
Unpasteurised cheese in France is the major source of staphylococcal food poisoning. In Germany, packaged raw milk may be sold ... Norwegian Food Safety Authority (Norwegian) National Food Agency, Sweden (Swedish) Finnish Food Safety Authority (Swedish) ... "The Fight for Food Rights (Review of Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights: The Escalating Battle Over Who Decides What ... which are especially sought out and promoted by the health food and slow food movements. Shops are not permitted to sell ...
*  Search Results for 'Moving image'
Staphylococcal Food Poisoning -- etiology. Food Handling. 234. The price of survival Publisher:. [Washington, DC] : Public ...
*  Diseases of suspected chemical etiology and their prevention, principles of studies on (EHC 72, 1987)
... producing bacteria may infect foods and produce toxins, just prior to consumption. For example, staphylococcal food poisoning ... damaged or contaminated food grain or food material, to prevent the community from consuming such food, and alternative sources ... Some of these episodes have been explained as outbreaks of acute poisoning caused by the accidental contamination of food, for ... c) Pattern of illnesses in the affected area compared with control area; (d) Study of the original source of food and of food ...
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Enterotoxin causes staphylococcal food poisoning. Most radiologists sort the radiographic findings often precede the headache ... The food and drug use and can usually be dealt with surgically managed nec have an abnormality in the icu staff deal with fear ... nephrocalcinosis poisons ethylene glycol are cns depressants. ...
*  Elsevier: Côté: Clinical Veterinary Advisor, 3rd Edition · Deafness
Antidotes and Reversal Agents in Small Animal Poisoning. *Arrhythmias: ECG Characteristics. *Arrhythmias, Ventricular: Triggers ... Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcal Infections. *Metronidazole Toxicosis. *Microvascular Dysplasia, Hepatic. *Mitral/Tricuspid ... Diet- or Patient-Induced Adverse Reaction to Food. *Digoxin Toxicosis. *Dilated Cardiomyopathy ...

(1/73) Enterotoxin production by coagulase-negative staphylococci in restaurant workers from Kuwait City may be a potential cause of food poisoning.

Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) were isolated from the hands of food handlers in 50 restaurants in Kuwait City and studied for the production of staphylococcal enterotoxins, toxic shock syndrome toxin-1, slime and resistance to antimicrobial agents. One or a combination of staphylococcal enterotoxins A, B or C were produced by 6% of the isolates, with the majority producing enterotoxin B. Toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 was detected in c. 7% of the isolates; 47% produced slime. In all, 21% of the isolates were resistant to tetracycline and 11.2% were resistant to propamidine isethionate and mercuric chloride. There was no correlation between slime and toxin production or between slime production and antibiotic resistance. The detection of enterotoxigenic CNS on food handlers suggests that such strains may contribute to food poisoning if food is contaminated by them and held in conditions that allow their growth and elaboration of the enterotoxins. It is recommended that enterotoxigenic CNS should not be ignored when investigating suspected cases of staphylococcal food poisoning.  (+info)

(2/73) Pyrogenic toxin superantigen site specificity in toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning in animals.

Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes express pyrogenic toxin superantigens (PTSAgs) that are associated with toxic shock syndrome (TSS) and staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP). Most PTSAgs cause TSS in deep-tissue infections, whereas only TSS toxin 1 (TSST-1) is associated with menstrual, vaginal TSS. In contrast, SFP has been linked only with staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs). Because of the differential abilities of PTSAgs to cause systemic or localized symptoms in a site-dependent manner, the present study was undertaken to assess the toxins' abilities to cross mucosal barriers. The activity of three PTSAgs when delivered orally, vaginally, or intravenously to rabbits and orally to monkeys was investigated. TSST-1 induced shock via all three routes in rabbits. Although active when administered intravenously, SEC1 and streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin A (SPEA) did not cause symptoms when administered orally or vaginally. Only SEC1 induced emesis in the monkey feeding assay. TSST-1, albeit less stable than SEC1 and SPEA to pepsin, induced diarrhea in monkeys. Our results may explain the unique association of TSST-1 with menstrual TSS and why SPEA is only rarely associated with TSS after pharyngitis, despite being highly associated with TSS after subcutaneous infections. Finally, our studies indicate that enterotoxicity in SFP is not the result of superantigenicity.  (+info)

(3/73) Comparison of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and coagulase gene restriction profile analysis techniques in the molecular typing of Staphylococcus aureus.

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and coagulase gene restriction profile (CRP) analysis techniques were used to analyze 71 Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from nine food-borne disease outbreaks. Twenty-two PFGE profiles and 11 CRPs were identified, with discrimination indices of 0.86 and 0.72, respectively. In addition, the variable regions of the coagulase genes of 39 isolates were sequenced and showed extensive identity, indicating that this is not an efficient alternative for the molecular typing of S. aureus.  (+info)

(4/73) Risk factors in causing outbreaks of food-borne illness originating in schoollunch facilities in Japan.

We reviewed records of all outbreaks of food-borne illnesses due to schoollunch in Japan from 1987 through 1996 to determine the risk factors causing these outbreaks. Major hazards in 269 outbreaks were Salmonella spp., Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Foods including uncooked or partially cooked items, salad or egg products presented a high risk in 62 outbreaks with confirmed food sources. Contaminated food items were involved in 29 incidents (46.8%); storage of foods for an extended period before serving in 29 incidents (46.8%), inadequate cooking and cross contamination in 21 incidents (33.9%) each; infected employees in nine incidents (14.5%).  (+info)

(5/73) Reassessment of the coagulase and thermostable nuclease tests as means of identifying Staphylococcus aureus.

A total of 91 enterotoxigenic strains of Staphylococcus auerus isolated from foods and tested for production of coagulase and thermostable nuclease and the ability to ferment glucose and mannitol showed, with the exception of four strains, a complete correlation among these properties. A similar correlation was observed with 103 cultures of S. aureus isolated from clinical material. In all instances, the coagulase reactions were sufficiently strong to be scored at either the 3+ or 4+ levels. Presumptive staphylococcal cultures isolated during routine examination of foods and yielding 2+ coagulase reactions or lower were invariably negative for thermostable nuclease production. It is suggested that the thermostable nuclease test be performed on cultures with doubtful coagulase reactions before classifying them as S. aureus.  (+info)

(6/73) An outbreak of community-acquired foodborne illness caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are increasingly community acquired. We investigated an outbreak in which a food handler, food specimen, and three ill patrons were culture positive for the same toxin-producing strain of MRSA. This is the first report of an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness caused by community-acquired MRSA.  (+info)

(7/73) Molecular subtyping of Staphylococcus aureus from an outbreak associated with a food handler.

On 6 May 2000, a staphylococcal food poisoning outbreak occurred at a high school, affecting 10 of the 356 students who attended the breakfast. Twenty-seven Staphylococcus aureus isolates, producing enterotoxin A (SEA), SEB-, or non-SEA-E, were recovered from 7 patients, 2 food handlers and left-overs. To investigate the outbreak, we genotyped the isolates by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and three PCR-based techniques: inter-IS256 PCR typing, protein A gene (spa) typing, and coagulase gene restriction profile (CRP) analysis. Our results show that PFGE was the most discriminatory technique, whereas the three PCR-based techniques were insufficient in the discriminatory power to distinguish the S. aureus isolates from the outbreak. Based on the enterotoxin-producing types and the results of genotyping, three distinct types of strains (A1111, B2221 and N3221) were designated. Both the A1111 and B2221 strains were found in the specimens from the patients and a hand lesion of a food handler, suggesting that the source of contamination for the outbreak was most likely originated from a food handler.  (+info)

(8/73) Occurrence of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus in food.

Gastroenteritis is one of the most frequent microbial diseases, which is caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with staphylococcal enterotoxins. In our study, the production of staphylococcal enterotoxins A, B (SEA, SEB) and the presence of respective staphylococcal enterotoxin genes were investigated in the field S. aureus isolates obtained from foods and food industry manufactures in East Slovakia. Radioimmunoassay (RIA), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and dot-blot hybridisation were used for examination. The ability to synthesise enterotoxins was found in 20 (39.2%) of the total number of 51 isolates. Production of SEA was recorded in 3 (5.9%), production of SEB in 12 (23.5%) and production SEA together with SEB in 5 (9.8%) staphylococcal isolates. Nine (47.4%) sheep cheese isolates of the total number of 19 produced enterotoxins, especially SEB (36.8%). S. aureus isolates from pasta were enterotoxigenic in 6 cases (33.3%). The synthesis of enterotoxins was not detected in Bryndza cheese and sausages isolates. One enterotoxigenic isolate was obtained from smears of technological equipment and 4 isolates from throat and nasal swabs. No differences in results were recorded between RIA and PCR as well as PCR and dot-blot hybridisation. Our results suggest that it is of special importance to follow the presence of enterotoxigenic S. aureus strains in foodstuffs, especially for protecting the consumers from food poisoning.  (+info)