*  Khat Trade Rules in Somalia

Before Somalia's government collapsed in 1991, Maryann Ali was an elementary school teacher who spent her days giving fifth- ... WAJID, Somalia -- Before Somalia's government collapsed in 1991, Maryann Ali was an elementary school teacher who spent her ... In Somalia, opponents call the habit a national epidemic and say men who use the drug neglect their families by spending huge ... Somalia, a country of more than 8 million ruled by warlords, has the highest percentage of khat users in the world, researchers ...
washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/15/AR2006041500666.html

*  Somalia | Ethnologue

The number of individual languages listed for Somalia is 13. All are living languages. Of these, 10 are indigenous and 3 are ... The number of individual languages listed for Somalia is 13. All are living languages. Of these, 10 are indigenous and 3 are ... Information about the language situation in Somalia ...
https://ethnologue.com/country/SO

*  somalia in 2020 by (abdirahman) - YouTube

Somalia--The beauty; before, present; and the future - Duration: 2:55. TaharkaX 83,004 views ... Ami on the Street: America or Somalia - you might be surprised - Duration: 4:30. Ami Horowitz 592,045 views ... Mogadishu Somalia 1980 Up to 2010 - Duration: 6:02. Mahammed Abdulrashid 144,762 views ... 50 Cent oo Soomaaliya ka dagay - Rapper 50 Cent visits Somalia - Duration: 2:23. Somali Multimedia 171,375 views ...
https://youtube.com/watch?v=E0ckRKt82Bs&feature=related

*  Containing Chaos: Somalia Today : NPR

Somalia has suffered from decades of civil war. Now, African Union troops are there trying to protect a weak, U.S.-backed ... Containing Chaos: Somalia Today Somalia has suffered from decades of civil war. Now, African Union troops are there trying to ...
npr.org/series/130385071/containing-chaos-somalia-today/archive?date=3-31-1998

*  Somalia News ยป Topix

US forces increase Somalia airstrikes amid uncertainty over future ... News for Somalia continually updated from thousands of sources on the web : ... Somalia: How Aid in Cash, Not Goods, Averted a Famine in Somalia Monday Sep 11 , AllAfrica.com , ... Somalia News. News on Somalia continually updated from thousands of sources around the net. ...
topix.com/world/somalia

*  Somalia's slim hope

I think this Somalia thing is a waste of time for all the countries involved in peace talks,why can't we let the war lords just ... Somalia is an existing country and Somalis are the smartest people in the region. Both Ethiopia and Kenya working togather to ... What indications have you picked up from the new Obama administration that it views Somalia as a priority? And without a US ... The first reason to feel any hint of optimism is that Ethiopian troops, who invaded Somalia in December 2006, are now leaving. ...
blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/2009/02/10/somalias-slim-hope/

*  U.S. Secretly Backing Warlords in Somalia

... troops withdrew from Somalia following a disastrous military intervention, officials of Somalia's interim government and some U ... U.S. Secretly Backing Warlords in Somalia. "If the real problem is Somalia, then what have we done to change the situation ... Many people here say they feel that the United States has ignored Somalia since the failed 1993 military intervention. Today ... inside Somalia? Are we funding schools, health care or helping establish an effective government?" Dagne said. "We have a ...
washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/05/16/AR2006051601625_3.html

*  Sufi militia vies for power in Somalia

... is battling the notorious Al Shabab for territory in Somalia. The group is a relatively recent player in the country's ... Sufi militia vies for power in Somalia. Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama'a, a moderate Sufi militia, is battling the notorious Al Shabab for ... territory in Somalia. The group is a relatively recent player in the country's longstanding turbulence, and some hope it will ... ":"Sufi militia vies for power in Somalia", "stillURL":"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/photo/2010/05/26/ ...
washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/video/2010/05/26/VI2010052605459.html

*  Somalia Hires First Six Female Prosecutors

MOGADISHU, SOMALIA - In a nation long marred by conflict, corruption and impunity, Somalia's government is hoping to rebuild ... Somalia has a long way to go to rebuild its justice system, but experts say that the addition of the new prosecutors is a major ... Somalia's justice system now has at least 17 prosecutors. Plans are underway to deploy at least one in every region of the ... After the fall of President Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991, Somalia's court system stopped working. And with no rule of law for ...
https://voanews.com/a/somalia-hires-first-six-female-prosecutors/2848621.html

*  UNHCR - Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia

http://www.unhcr.org/441688920.pdf#zoom=95 ...
unhcr.org/441688920.html

*  New Faction Emerges On Somalia's Battleground - tribunedigital-orlandosentinel

MOGADISHU, Somalia - Fighting has broken out in southern Somalia between militiamen of a new faction and forces loyal to Hussein Aidid, one of Somalia's most powerful faction leaders, a witness said
articles.orlandosentinel.com/1999-07-27/news/9907270131_1_somalia-mogadishu-witness

*  Somalia - Country Profile - Somaliland - Puntland - Horn of Africa

Somalia facts: Official web sites of Somalia, links and information on Somalia's art, culture, geography, history, travel and tourism, cities, the capital city, airlines, embassies, tourist boards and newspapers.
nationsonline.org/oneworld/somalia.htm

*  Our Moral Obligations in Somalia

By Michael Shank. When pundits and politicos in Washington think of Somalia, the first thing they likely think of is al-Shabaab, the violent rebel group that sprung from the military wing of the Islamic Courts Union that once ran the country. That's especially true in light of last week's news that Doctors without Borders is pulling out of Somalia after 20-plus years in the country, due to an increase in violent attacks. That's also likely what the Department of Homeland Security was thinking when they detained me for questioning at JFK Airport after I returned from Somalia last week.. The al-Shabaab fit nicely into the characteristics of the West's war on terrorism as well as the conservative's narrative about Islam and violence. But there is much that is misunderstood about this movement and the country that is trying to quell it.. First, al-Shabaab, which means "youth" in Arabic, is largely made up of young persons who were previously unemployed, aimless ...
michaelshank.tv/our-moral-obligations-in-somalia/

*  MADNESS ARCHIVE: Expert: Ethiopia's invasion of Somalia 'a disastrous miscalculation'

The Ethiopian-backed transitional government, led by President Abdullahi Yusuf and Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi, is entangled in a serious political dispute that has largely divided an already weak government.. Furthermore, military conflict in relatively quiet northern Somalia has placed the Ethiopian government is a difficult position where it has to choose between two of its loyal clients, the breakaway Somaliland republic and the Puntland regional autonomy.. "Somaliland is feeling very isolated," Dr. Weinstein says. Somaliland troops ousted Puntland security forces from the disputed town of Las Anod earlier this month.. Thousands of residents have led Las Anod fearing armed reprisal after Puntland President Mohamud "Adde" Muse vowed to retake the town by military force.. Dr. Weinstein linked Somaliland's military incursion into Las Anod as being propelled by the need to reach colonial-era boundaries it claims as the basis for declaring independence from Somalia.. ...
abema62.blogspot.com/2007/10/expert-ethiopias-invasion-of-somalia.html

*  Articles about United States Armed Forces Somalia - latimes

United States Armed Forces Somalia News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about United States Armed Forces Somalia From The latimes
articles.latimes.com/keyword/united-states-armed-forces-somalia

*  Somalia: Malaysia to Send Troops to Somalia On Humanitarian Mission - allAfrica.com

Malaysia will send troops to Somalia as part of a humanitarian mission following prolonged drought in the country, says Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein.
allafrica.com/stories/201703200197.html

*  Provider Guide for "What are Mammograms and Breast Cancer?" A slideshow narrated in Somali - EthnoMed

This project was initiated by Kirkwood Shy, MD, MPH, University of Washington Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, in response to data from Harborview Medical Center's primary care clinics indicating that Somali patients have disproportionately low rates of screening mammography. In October 2013, staff from EthnoMed commenced development of a culturally-tailored video-slideshow narrated in the Somali language for Somali women. The slideshow, narrated in the Somali language, was developed as a tool to educate Somali women on mammograms and breast cancer. It addresses common barriers to mammography for Somali women as identified through group discussions, interviews, and published literature. This slideshow presentation is intended to be shown during clinic visits and facilitate dialogue between clinicians and Somali patients about mammograms and breast cancer. Data about screening rates for African-born women in Washington State and nationally are not available primarily since data for ...
ethnomed.org/patient-education/cancer/breast-cancer/provider-guide-what-are-mammograms-and-breast-cancer-a-slideshow-narrated-in-somali

*  Kenyan forces kill 31 al Shabaab militants in Somalia - statement | Reuters

Kenyan troops in Somalia killed 31 Islamist al Shabaab militants in a raid on two of their bases in the southern Somali region of Jubbaland, the Kenyan military said on Monday.
in.reuters.com/article/kenya-somalia-idINKBN16Y145

*  SOMALI YOUTH FOR PEACE: April 2012

About the Organization Lifeline Somalia initiative is an organization composed of young leaders of Somali origin, third and fourth generation born and living in diasporas, and those who migrated and settled in the west and Somali intellectuals men and women.. LSI is located in Eastland's part of Nairobi. Who decided to come up with unique peace forum to open new chapter in the history of Somalia free from tribalism and break all tribal barriers. LSI was started to meet the social needs of the young people living in the diasporas and those who are living in areas wholly affected by civil war and both physical and natural causes to negative effects on human lives. Lifeline Somalia initiative acts as a channel through which the governments and other organizations (local and international) can reach the communities for development and participation in Nation building as well as conducting Awareness concerning alarming issues like HIV/AIDS pandemic, violence, ...
somalipeacemaker.blogspot.com/2012/04/

*  SOMALI YOUTH FOR PEACE: June 2012

About the Organization Lifeline Somalia initiative is an organization composed of young leaders of Somali origin, third and fourth generation born and living in diasporas, and those who migrated and settled in the west and Somali intellectuals men and women.. LSI is located in Eastland's part of Nairobi. Who decided to come up with unique peace forum to open new chapter in the history of Somalia free from tribalism and break all tribal barriers. LSI was started to meet the social needs of the young people living in the diasporas and those who are living in areas wholly affected by civil war and both physical and natural causes to negative effects on human lives. Lifeline Somalia initiative acts as a channel through which the governments and other organizations (local and international) can reach the communities for development and participation in Nation building as well as conducting Awareness concerning alarming issues like HIV/AIDS pandemic, violence, ...
somalipeacemaker.blogspot.com/2012/06/

*  SOMALI YOUTH FOR PEACE: November 2011

About the Organization Lifeline Somalia initiative is an organization composed of young leaders of Somali origin, third and fourth generation born and living in diasporas, and those who migrated and settled in the west and Somali intellectuals men and women.. LSI is located in Eastland's part of Nairobi. Who decided to come up with unique peace forum to open new chapter in the history of Somalia free from tribalism and break all tribal barriers. LSI was started to meet the social needs of the young people living in the diasporas and those who are living in areas wholly affected by civil war and both physical and natural causes to negative effects on human lives. Lifeline Somalia initiative acts as a channel through which the governments and other organizations (local and international) can reach the communities for development and participation in Nation building as well as conducting Awareness concerning alarming issues like HIV/AIDS pandemic, violence, ...
somalipeacemaker.blogspot.com/2011/11/

*  From The Field: How We're Fighting Malnutrition In Somalia | WFP | United Nations World Food Programme - Fighting Hunger...

WFP nutritionist Marc Prost reports on how WFP is working to reduce levels of malnutrition among the many displaced people, especially pregnant women and children, in the Puntland region of northern Somalia.. ...
wfp.org/videos/wfp-nutrition-displaced-north-somalia-puntland

*  In Somalia, polio vaccines rejected over rumours spread by Islamic extremists | CTV News

Islamic extremist rebels are fighting a campaign in Somalia to administer a polio vaccine, charging that it contains the virus that causes AIDS or could make children sterile, a battle of words that is frustrating health workers.
ctvnews.ca/health/health-headlines/in-somalia-polio-vaccines-rejected-over-rumours-spread-by-islamic-extremists-1.1306774

*  Uganda military helicopters missing en route to Somalia | Reuters

A number of Ugandan military helicopters went missing in Kenyan airspace on Sunday on their way to Somalia to reinforce African Union peacekeeping forces battling al Shabaab rebels, the Ugandan military said.
reuters.com/article/us-uganda-helicopters-idUSBRE87B0NJ20120812

*  Military family adaptation to United Nations Operations in Somalia.

In this first known investigation of family responses to the absence of the active duty sponsor deployed to Somalia, 16 adults and 12 children repeatedly completed self-report measures of psychopathology and parenting attitudes. Stay-home parents reg
biomedsearch.com/nih/Military-family-adaptation-to-United/9183158.html

*  Somalia cyclone sweeps livestock, homes into ocean; at least 115 dead - CNN

Somalia appealed for international help after a cyclone hit the northern region this week, killing at least 115 people, and sweeping livestock and homes into the ocean.
edition.cnn.com/2013/11/15/world/africa/somalia-cyclone-deaths/index.html

*  Pirates hijack Indian vessel off coast of Somalia | Reuters

Pirates have hijacked an Indian commercial vessel off the coast of Somalia, the second attack in weeks after years without such seizures, industry and security sources said on Monday.
uk.reuters.com/article/uk-somalia-piracy-idUKKBN1750PR

*  Jeffrey Dach MD Measles Autism and Vaccination in Somalis in Minnesota - Jeffrey Dach MD

Canary in the Coal Mine. The Somali Migrant community in Minnesota is the canary in the coal mine regarding MMR vaccination and autism. Having the highest MMR vaccination rates for many years, the Somali community was also afflicted with the highest autism rates of any community. Notice the fact that for Somalis living in Somalia, autism is nonexistent. Clearly, there is some environmental factor in the US sparking the high autism rate for Somalis who immigrate to Minnesota. Somali mothers in Minnesota became concerned and began to decline the measles vaccination. Canary Image Courtesy of Share America Gov.. Boston Herald Wants to HANG YOU. To give you an idea of the type of inflammatory rhetoric found in the mainstream media, take a look at this Boston Herald editorial:. "These are the facts: Vaccines don't cause autism. Measles can kill. And lying to vulnerable people about the health and safety of their children ought to be a hanging offense." Boston Herald Editorial. With all due respect ...
truemedmd.com/2017/05/measles-autism-and-vaccination-in-somalis-in-minnesota/

*  From Somalia to Minnesota to Jihad

A man reared in Minneapolis is linked to Saturday's suicide attack in Mogadishu. He's not the first and, sadly, may not be the last Midwesterner to leave the country on a track to terrorism.
utne.com/politics/from-somalia-to-minnesota-to-jihad

*  As Standoff Continues, Somalia Permits Foreign Navies to Attack Pirates | PBS NewsHour

Six days after a Ukrainian freighter laden with military hardware was hijacked in the Indian Ocean, the Somali government said Wednesday that it will allow foreign navies to attack the Somali pirates behind the takeover.
pbs.org/newshour/updates/africa-july-dec08-pirates_10-10/

*  Somalia fundraiser at Uno-Latham - Table Hopping

Uno Chicago Grill in Latham will donate 20 percent of purchases made on Thursday, Nov. 15, using this coupon to the Extraordinary Project, a locally founded charity that is seeking to raise $1 million for Somalian children who have been affected by drought and famine in 2011 and 2012. The voucher may be used for lunch, dinner and takeout.. ...
blog.timesunion.com/tablehopping/34144/somalia-fundraiser-at-uno-latham/

*  The Voice Of Somaliland: Mr. President, Back Off From Your Self-Defeating Mission: And Reform Your Leadership and...

The considerable powers given to the Minister of Information (and other ministers) include even deciding on appeals from anyone whose writings have been turned down for publication by a newspaper's editor (Article 46). These ministerial powers over the press and publishers/printers/distributors etc, the compulsory registration of all press and publication activities, including the practice of the profession of journalism, and the extensive criminal sanctions which add to the existing array of criminal offences in the 1962 Somali Penal Code contrast sharply with the current Somaliland Press Law (2004), which contains no criminal sanctions and is based on codes of conduct. Unfortunately the Somaliland Government has repeatedly made clear its dissatisfaction with the current press Law and has used the Penal Code and extra-judicial powers to detain and imprison journalists. It is no surprise, therefore, that the Somaliland Government is not putting forward amendments of the current Press Law, but is ...
waridaad.blogspot.com/2007/03/mr-president-back-off-from-your-self.html

*  Britain pledges anti-piracy aid at key Somalia summit | Reuters

Britain will help boost radio communications on the Somali coast as part of efforts to combat rampant piracy along global shipping routes near the East African country, Prime Minister David Cameron said on Tuesday.
reuters.com/article/us-britain-somalia-conference-idUSBRE9460II20130507

(1/105) Analysis of mtDNA HVRII in several human populations using an immobilised SSO probe hybridisation assay.

Several populations were typed for the hypervariable region II (HVRII) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region using immobilised sequence-specific oligonucleotide (SSO) probes. A total of 16 SSO probes was used to type 1081 individuals from eight different ethnic groups (African Americans, Somali, US Europeans, US Hispanics, Bosnians, Finns, Saami and Japanese). Data was compared with already published sequence data by analysis of principal components, genetic distances and analysis of the molecular variance (AMOVA). The analyses performed group the samples in several clusters according to their geographical origins. Most of the variability detected is assigned to differences between individuals and only 7% is assigned to differences among groups of populations within and between geographical regions. Several features are patent in the samples studied: Somali, as a representative East African population, seem to have experienced a detectable amount of Caucasoid maternal influence; different degrees of admixture in the US samples studied are detected; Finns and Saami belong to the European genetic landscape, although Saami present an outlier position attributable to a strong maternal founder effect. The technique used is a rapid and simple method to detect human variation in the mtDNA HVRII in a large number of samples, which might be useful in forensic and population genetic studies.  (+info)

(2/105) Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication during armed conflict--Somalia and southern Sudan, January 1998-June 1999.

In 1988, the Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) for the Eastern Mediterranean Region adopted a resolution to eliminate poliomyelitis from the region by 2000. Somalia and parts of southern Sudan have persons living in areas where there is ongoing armed conflict and poor infrastructure (e.g., health-care facilities, schools, roads, and power plants). Under these conditions, conducting National Immunization Days (NIDs) and acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is difficult. This report summarizes NIDs in Somalia during 1997 and 1998 and in southern Sudan during 1998 and 1999 and establishment of AFP surveillance in northern Somalia and southern Sudan.  (+info)

(3/105) Helicobacter pylori in immigrants from East Africa.

This study determines the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in a group of immigrants from East Africa with dyspepsia symptoms. Costs of treatment (including financial costs, adverse effects of treatment, and complexity of care) are compared for empiric treatment and treatment guided by serologic testing. Of the symptomatic patients, 93% had H. pylori antibodies. Empiric treatment of all patients with dyspepsia could reduce the cost of care by approximately half, with minimal risk to uninfected patients.  (+info)

(4/105) Tuberculosis diagnosed during pregnancy: a prospective study from London.

BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to characterise the presentation of tuberculosis in pregnancy and the difficulties in diagnosis in an area of the UK with a high incidence of tuberculosis. METHODS: A prospective case series was investigated at Northwick Park Hospital, a university affiliated district general hospital in Brent and Harrow health authority in north-west London which incorporates a regional infectious diseases unit. Patients diagnosed with tuberculosis over the study period were included if the onset of symptoms occurred during pregnancy. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were diagnosed during a 30 month period from December 1995 to May 1998 during which 9069 mothers were delivered, a prevalence of 143.3/100 000 deliveries. Symptoms began at a median of 22 weeks gestation (range 9-40 weeks). All patients were recent immigrants of Indian subcontinent or Somali origin and their median duration of residence in the UK was 31 months (range 1-72). Prevalence broken down for racial origin of mothers was 466.3/100 000 for mothers of black African origin and 239.1/100 000 for mothers of Indian origin. Nine of the 13 patients had extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Four patients with widely disseminated disease had a negative Mantoux response and five with localised disease had a strongly positive Mantoux response. HIV co-infection was absent. The median delay between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis was seven weeks (range 2-30). The response to standard treatment was excellent and all patients were cured. CONCLUSIONS: Tuberculosis occurring in pregnancy is common in recent immigrants. Diagnosis during pregnancy is delayed because the disease is frequently extrapulmonary with few symptoms.  (+info)

(5/105) Prevalence of serum antibodies against bloodborne and sexually transmitted agents in selected groups in Somalia.

Somalia has suffered from a civil war during the last 10 years. In this period the use of whole blood has increased at least twofold in Mogadishu, Somalia compared with pre-war. Screening possibilities are limited. Recent data concerning the prevalence of infections with blood-borne and sexually transmitted agents are not available from this country. To investigate the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1/2) and other blood-borne or sexually transmitted agents we tested a total of 256 serum samples collected in the summer of 1995 from blood donors, hospitalized children and adults in Mogadishu. The hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) carrier rate was 191%, 5.6% and 21.3 % among blood donors, hospitalized children and hospitalized adults, respectively. However, no children under 2 years of age were HbsAg positive. The overall presence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus (HCV) was 2.4% (6/256). In blood donors this was 0.6% (1/157). In none of the samples tested, antibodies against HIV 1 and 2 or human T-cell lymphotropic viruses (HTLV I and II) were detected. Our results indicate that, during the civil war in Somalia, no evidence of an increase of HIV infections was found. Our findings indicate that preventive measures in Somalia should focus mainly on prevention of HBV-infections. HBV-vaccine could be administered within the framework of the expanded programme on immunization, as none of the children less than 2 years of age were HbsAg positive.  (+info)

(6/105) Malaria, intestinal parasites, and schistosomiasis among Barawan Somali refugees resettling to the United States: a strategy to reduce morbidity and decrease the risk of imported infections.

In 1997, enhanced health assessments were performed for 390 (10%) of approximately 4,000 Barawan refugees resettling to the United States. Of the refugees who received enhanced assessments, 26 (7%) had malaria parasitemia and 128 (38%) had intestinal parasites, while only 2 (2%) had Schistosoma haematobium eggs in the urine. Mass therapy for malaria (a single oral dose of 25 mg/kg of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine) was given to all Barawan refugees 1-2 days before resettlement. Refugees >2 years of age and nonpregnant women received a single oral dose of 600 mg albendazole for intestinal parasite therapy. If mass therapy had not been provided, upon arrival in the United States an estimated 280 (7%) refugees would have had malaria infections and 1,500 (38%) would have had intestinal parasites. We conclude that enhanced health assessments provided rapid on-site assessment of parasite prevalence and helped decrease morbidity among Barawan refugees, as well as, the risk of imported infections.  (+info)

(7/105) A novel hepatitis C virus (HCV) subtype from Somalia and its classification into HCV clade 3.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) sequences from throughout the world have been grouped into six clades, based on recently proposed criteria. Here, the partial sequences and clade assignment are reported for three HCV isolates from chronic hepatitis C patients from Somalia, for whom conventional assays failed to identify the genotype. Phylogenetic analysis of the sequences of the core, envelope 1 and part of the non- structural 5b regions suggests that all three isolates belong to a distinct HCV genetic group, tentatively classified as subtype 3h. This novel HCV subtype shows the highest sequence similarity with HCV isolates from Indonesia. Despite the fact that these patients were infected with HCV clade 3, none of them responded to standard interferon treatment.  (+info)

(8/105) Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in a low-incidence country due to immigration from high-incidence areas.

Does immigration from a high-prevalence area contribute to an increased risk of tuberculosis in a low-incidence country? The tuberculosis incidence in Somalia is among the highest ever registered. Due to civil war and starvation, nearly half of all Somalis have been forced from their homes, causing significant migration to low-incidence countries. In Denmark, two-thirds of all tuberculosis patients are immigrants, half from Somalia. To determine the magnitude of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission between Somalis and Danes, we analyzed DNA fingerprint patterns of isolates collected in Denmark from 1992 to 1999, comprising >97% of all culture-positive patients (n = 3,320). Of these, 763 were Somalian immigrants, 55.2% of whom shared identical DNA fingerprint patterns; 74.9% of these were most likely infected before their arrival in Denmark, 23.3% were most likely infected in Denmark by other Somalis, and 1.8% were most likely infected by Danes. In the same period, only 0.9% of all Danish tuberculosis patients were most likely infected by Somalis. The Somalian immigrants in Denmark could be distributed into 35 different clusters with possible active transmission, of which 18 were retrieved among Somalis in the Netherlands. This indicated the existence of some internationally predominant Somalian strains causing clustering less likely to represent recent transmission. In conclusion, M. tuberculosis transmission among Somalis in Denmark is limited, and transmission between Somalis and Danes is nearly nonexistent. The higher transmission rates between nationalities found in the Netherlands do not apply to the situation in Denmark and not necessarily elsewhere, since many different factors may influence the magnitude of active transmission.  (+info)



Mogadishu


  • Weakened by internal divisions and financial constraints, the rebels have surrendered territory in the capital Mogadishu and central and southern Somalia where they are also battling Ethiopian forces. (reuters.com)
  • As I write this, the FBI has yet to confirm that Abdisalan Hussein Ali, a 22 year-old man born in Somalia and raised in Minneapolis, Minnesota, was one of two suicide bombers who killed at least 10 people in Mogadishu on October 29. (utne.com)
  • PARIS/MOGADISHU (Reuters) - France sent special forces into Somalia to rescue a secret agent but insurgents apparently killed their hostage during the raid along with a commando, Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said on Saturday. (reuters.com)
  • MOGADISHU/GAROWE/HARGEISA, SOMALIA, 24 April 2013 - The Somali authorities have launched today a new five-in-one-vaccine against several potentially fatal childhood diseases which could save thousands of young lives. (unicef.org)

Africa


  • It's Nervous Time as U.S. Troops Pull Out of Somalia : Africa: Most of the ground force will be gone by week's end. (latimes.com)
  • Southern Somalia is tipping into one of the worst humanitarian disasters to strike Africa in decades, but because of the myriad dangers here, aid organizations are struggling to bring in critically needed supplies and personnel to respond to the famine. (nytimes.com)
  • Paris has been concerned that various French hostages held in Africa would be at risk if it intervened militarily against the al Qaeda-allied fighters in Mali, but Le Drian said the Somalia raid was "totally unconnected" to the Mali operation. (reuters.com)

Famine


  • The militia is blamed for killing more than 50 U.N. peacekeepers and plaguing the effort to rescue Somalia from famine and civil war. (latimes.com)
  • U.S.-Led Convoy Reaches Baidoa, Center of Famine : Somalia: The heavily armed troops meet little resistance as they enter the city, where 60 people have been dying each day amid attacks on relief officials. (latimes.com)
  • Cholera epidemic in Somalia could quickly spread as thousands flee famine in the south, warns UN. (medindia.net)

2016


  • This situation is unacceptable and that's why GAVI and its donors have committed substantial funding to Somalia until 2016. (unicef.org)

conflict


  • After nearly three decades of continuous conflict, Somalia has a barely existent government with no public health system and 800,000 people driven into unsanitary settlements by drought and insecurity - perfect conditions for cholera to thrive. (allafrica.com)
  • Continued conflict in Somalia has resulted in the country having some of the worst health indicators in the world. (unicef.org)

troops


  • The first reason to feel any hint of optimism is that Ethiopian troops, who invaded Somalia in December 2006, are now leaving. (reuters.com)
  • Ugandan troops form the backbone of the African Union peacekeeping force (AMISOM) in Somalia. (reuters.com)
  • Al Shabaab struck the Ugandan capital Kampala in mid-2010 when suicide bombers from the al Qaeda-linked group killed more than 70 people who were watching soccer on television, in revenge for the presence of Ugandan troops in Somalia. (reuters.com)
  • A former Green Beret captain says U.S. commandos in Somalia routinely dressed in Canadian uniforms and passed themselves off as Canadian troops. (latimes.com)
  • Under pressure from the peacekeeping troops and Somali government forces, al Shabaab has lost many of its major urban strongholds in south-central Somalia since it launched a rebellion against the Western-backed government in 2007. (reuters.com)

1991


  • WAJID, Somalia -- Before Somalia's government collapsed in 1991, Maryann Ali was an elementary school teacher who spent her days giving fifth-graders geography and math lessons. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The last two years have been among the worst since Somalia descended into anarchy in 1991, with huge displacement of civilians, a massive humanitarian crisis and grave violations of human rights. (reuters.com)

Shabab


  • Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama'a, a moderate Sufi militia, is battling the notorious Al Shabab for territory in Somalia. (washingtonpost.com)

Reuters


  • KAMPALA (Reuters) - A number of Ugandan military helicopters went missing in Kenyan airspace on Sunday on their way to Somalia to reinforce African Union peacekeeping forces battling al Shabaab rebels, the Ugandan military said. (reuters.com)

epidemic


  • In Somalia, opponents call the habit a national epidemic and say men who use the drug neglect their families by spending huge amounts of cash and time on it. (washingtonpost.com)

decades


  • Somalia has suffered from decades of civil war. (npr.org)
  • Pirates, Islamists, refugees, anarchy, civil war - not much good news has come out of Somalia in the last couple of decades. (reuters.com)

raid


  • U.S. Rangers Seize Aidid's Top Assistant : Somalia: The raid comes after militiamen attack a U.N. convoy of Pakistanis, killing three and injuring seven. (latimes.com)

Somali


  • What's more, Allie Shah reports, "to date, the FBI has confirmed that two suicide bombers in Somalia came from Minnesota," which has the largest Somali population in the U.S. (over 60,000 according to the latest estimates). (utne.com)
  • It is crucial that this vaccine reaches every Somali child in the country," said Sikander Khan, UNICEF Somalia Representative. (unicef.org)

establish


  • A U.S.-backed plan calls for Somalia to establish a legitimate government accepted by fractious clans and for a new parliament and constituent assembly to replace institutions plagued by corruption and infighting. (reuters.com)

country


  • Somalia, a country of more than 8 million ruled by warlords, has the highest percentage of khat users in the world, researchers say. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The way Sheik Sharif Sheik Ahmed was elected president of Somalia - a title representing more hope than actual authority over the fractured country - inspires little confidence in itself. (reuters.com)
  • Somalia is the 71st GAVI-eligible country to introduce the Pentavalent vaccine - others include Afghanistan, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, East Timor, Pakistan or Yemen. (unicef.org)

Alliance


  • As a moderate Islamist himself and former chairman of the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC), an alliance that ruled southern Somalia for six months in 2006, he could be well placed to win over other Islamist elements outside the process and undercut support for the extremists of Al-Shabaab. (reuters.com)
  • First and foremost, Sheik Sharif and the international community have to make use of all intermediaries and back channels to reach out to the insurgent groups currently outside the Djibouti process, including Al-Shabaab, as well as the Asmara-based leaders of the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia. (reuters.com)
  • Somalia has one of the lowest immunization rates in the world," said Dr. Seth Berkley, CEO of the GAVI Alliance. (unicef.org)

officials


  • The country's senior law officials want the six women to pay special attention to crimes against women and children, which usually go unpunished in Somalia. (voanews.com)
  • At least 72 people, mostly children, have died in an outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea in southern Somalia this month, local officials said Tuesday. (medindia.net)

forces


  • The general who will command American and U.N. forces in Somalia is a square-jawed Marine whose face became a familiar sight to millions of television viewers during Operation Desert Storm. (latimes.com)

news


  • News on Somalia continually updated from thousands of sources around the net. (topix.com)
  • News agencies quoted retired Green Beret Capt. Dan Alvis as saying U.S. commandos in Somalia routinely masqueraded as Canadians. (latimes.com)

totally


  • The] WASH infrastructure in Somalia is totally collapsed due to the absence of the government," explained Hassan Ahmed Ali, a Water Sanitation and Hygiene expert with the Norwegian Refugee Council, a development agency. (allafrica.com)

Change


  • If the real problem is Somalia, then what have we done to change the situation inside Somalia? (washingtonpost.com)

health


  • Pentavalent vaccines will be delivered to the 425,000 child born each year in Somalia through existing health structures as well as community health workers at district level. (unicef.org)
  • Both Haemophilus influenzae type B and Hepatitis B are of public health importance," said Dr. Marthe Everard, World Health Organisation Representative in Somalia. (unicef.org)

report


  • Warlords control the khat trade and use the proceeds to buy weapons, which allows them to maintain control of their warring fiefdoms, according to a 2003 report of the United Nations Panel of Experts on Somalia. (washingtonpost.com)

nation


  • Somalia has a long way to go to rebuild its justice system, but experts say that the addition of the new prosecutors is a major step toward returning law and order to a strife-torn nation. (voanews.com)

children


  • More than 1.3 million doses of Pentavalent vaccine have been provided to Somalia for 2013 and will be used to immunize children under one year of age. (unicef.org)
  • It is the first time in 35 years that children in Somalia are being offered a vaccination that protects them against additional diseases apart from diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, measles, polio and tuberculosis which they already receive. (unicef.org)

major


  • Dozens of flights leave Nairobi's two major airports every day, transporting burlap sacks filled with khat to Somalia in a trade that is worth about $300,000 a day, according to Kenya's National Agency for the Campaign Against Drug Abuse. (washingtonpost.com)