*  Social Values, Employment and Human Development: beyond economic utilitarianism | Human Development Reports

For instance, the 2013 World Development Report treats the 'social value' of jobs as the individual value of a job (presumably ... The utilitarian argument that the social value of employment is more or less imputed by its monetary market value is ... social value' arguably needs to be anchored in a more nuanced sociological understanding, such as the social nature of basic ... The social value of employment has been recognised within this revived attention, bringing the theme close to the heart of the ...


DELIVERING SOCIAL VALUE. Contributing to social and economic development in the regions where we have operations is essential ... In addition to the value we create through our core business activities, we undertake targeted community and enterprise ...

*  Work Hours, Social Value of Leisure and Globalisation

... due to social interactions). The latter are modelled by allowing a worker's marginal utility of leisure to be increasing in the ... "Work Hours, Social Value of Leisure and Globalisation," Working Papers 10-4, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, ... "Work Hours, Social Value of Leisure and Globalisation," SIRE Discussion Papers 2010-08, Scottish Institute for Research in ... "Work hours, social value of leisure and globalisation," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal ...

(1/851) Excess capacity: markets regulation, and values.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the conceptual bases for the conflicting views of excess capacity in healthcare markets and their application in the context of today's turbulent environment. STUDY SETTING: The policy and research literature of the past three decades. STUDY DESIGN: The theoretical perspectives of alternative economic schools of thought are used to support different policy positions with regard to excess capacity. Changes in these policy positions over time are linked to changes in the economic and political environment of the period. The social values implied by this history are articulated. DATA COLLECTION: Standard library search procedures are used to identify relevant literature. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Alternative policy views of excess capacity in healthcare markets rely on differing theoretical foundations. Changes in the context in which policy decisions are made over time affect the dominant theoretical framework and, therefore, the dominant policy view of excess capacity. CONCLUSIONS: In the 1990s, multiple perspectives of optimal capacity still exist. However, our evolving history suggests a set of persistent values that should guide future policy in this area.  (+info)

(2/851) Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications.

A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food.  (+info)

(3/851) Do case studies mislead about the nature of reality?

This paper attempts a partial, critical look at the construction and use of case studies in ethics education. It argues that the authors and users of case studies are often insufficiently aware of the literary nature of these artefacts: this may lead to some confusion between fiction and reality. Issues of the nature of the genre, the fictional, story-constructing aspect of case studies, the nature of authorship, and the purposes and uses of case studies as "texts" are outlined and discussed. The paper concludes with some critical questions that can be applied to the construction and use of case studies in the light of the foregoing analysis.  (+info)

(4/851) Do studies of the nature of cases mislead about the reality of cases? A response to Pattison et al.

This article questions whether many are misled by current case studies. Three broad types of style of case study are described. A stark style, based on medical case studies, a fictionalised style in reaction, and a personal statement made in discussion groups by an original protagonist. Only the second type fits Pattison's category. Language remains an important issue, but to be examined as the case is lived in discussion rather than as a potentially reductionist study of the case as text.  (+info)

(5/851) How physician executives and clinicians perceive ethical issues in Saudi Arabian hospitals.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians regarding ethical issues in Saudi Arabian hospitals and the attributes that might lead to the existence of these ethical issues. DESIGN: Self-completion questionnaire administered from February to July 1997. SETTING: Different health regions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 457 physicians (317 clinicians and 140 physician executives) from several hospitals in various regions across the kingdom. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians regarding the existence of various ethical issues in their hospitals. The vast majority of physician executives did not perceive that seven of the eight issues addressed by the study were ethical concerns in their hospitals. However, the majority of the clinicians perceived that six of the same eight issues were ethical considerations in their hospitals. Statistically significant differences in the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians were observed in only three out of eight attributes that might possibly lead to the existence of ethical issues. The most significant attribute that was perceived to result in ethical issues was that of hospitals having a multinational staff. CONCLUSION: The study calls for the formulation of a code of ethics that will address specifically the physicians who work in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. As a more immediate initiative, it is recommended that seminars and workshops be conducted to provide physicians with an opportunity to discuss the ethical dilemmas they face in their medical practice.  (+info)

(6/851) Health outcomes and managed care: discussing the hidden issues.

Too often the debate over health outcomes and managed care has glossed over a series of complex social, political, and ethical issues. Exciting advances in outcomes research have raised hopes for logical medical reform. However, science alone will not optimize our patients' health, since value judgements are necessary and integral parts of attempts to improve health outcomes within managed care organizations. Therefore, to form healthcare policy that is both fair and efficient, we must examine the fundamental values and ethical concerns that are imbedded in our efforts to shape care. We must openly discuss the hidden issues including: (1) trade-offs between standardization of care and provider-patient autonomy; (2) effects of financial incentives on physicians' professionalism; (3) opportunity costs inherent in the design of insurance plans; (4) responsibilities of managed care plans for the health of the public; (5) judicious and valid uses of data systems; and (6) the politics of uncertainty.  (+info)

(7/851) Appropriate and necessary healthcare: new language for a new era.

Conceptual and language changes are necessary to accompany the paradigm shift from fee-for-service medicine to managed care. Medical necessity is an inadequate and ambiguous term defined differently by providers, payers, patients, and legislators. The attempt by legislators in Minnesota to develop a universal standard benefits set for healthcare services strikingly underscores the need to define relevant terminology to accompany the transition to managed care. We suggest the term appropriate and necessary healthcare as a state-of-the-art term for the new era of managed care.  (+info)

(8/851) Sustainability of health care: a framework for analysis.

This paper introduces a conceptual framework which can be used to study the sustainability of health services in developing countries. A health service is considered sustainable when operated by an organizational system with the long-term ability to mobilize and allocate sufficient resources for activities that meet individual or public health needs. The framework includes three clusters: (1) contextual factors, which outline the task and general environment of the services; (2) an activity profile, which describes the services delivered and the activities carried out to deliver them; and (3) organizational capacity, which shows the carrying ability (capability) of the organization in broad terms. In this framework, health care provision is seen as an open system model where five main factors determine how inputs are converted to outputs, linking them through feedback loops. These factors are aims, technology, structure, culture and process. The framework has proven useful in analyzing factors critical to sustainability, and in describing structures and processes both in basic public services and in private not-for-profit services. It should also be tested on more complex systems, such as national health care.  (+info)


  • This is why the AfDB, in collaboration with the Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI)and Harmonization for Health in Africa (HHA), has taken a lead role in putting value for money, sustainability and accountability on the policy agenda across social sectors in Africa. (afdb.org)


  • It'll show you the total number of conversions,…and the monetary value of those conversions…that occur as a result from referrals from each network. (lynda.com)
  • The utilitarian argument that the social value of employment is more or less imputed by its monetary market value is particularly problematic in a world in which people are compelled to work and are not necessarily free to withdraw from a hypothesized labour market bargain, whether their compulsion is driven by absolute poverty or else by more nuanced social needs. (undp.org)


  • Values-based recruitment has the potential to unlock new pools of candidates to work in social care - essential if the sector is to meet rising demand for care and support in an increasingly competitive labour market. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • The relevant institutions often include taxation , social insurance , public health , public school , public services , labour law and regulation of markets , to ensure fair distribution of wealth , and equal opportunity . (wikipedia.org)
  • the preamble to establish the International Labour Organization recalled that "universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice. (wikipedia.org)


  • For instance, the 2013 World Development Report treats the 'social value' of jobs as the individual value of a job (presumably the wage) plus its various spillover effects, which can be negative, such as environmental costs, or positive, such as social identity, sense of fairness, or gender equality. (undp.org)
  • In 1993, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action treats social justice as a purpose of human rights education . (wikipedia.org)


  • If affordable and accessible schooling options are also available for mature students, spells of unemployment might encourage reskilling and result in increased social mobility, esteem and income. (undp.org)


  • Learn from The Good Care Group who profiled their existing workforce and found that their highest-performing care workers scored highly in areas of tenacity, resolve, self-discipline and emotional stability and resilience.They included these values and behaviours in their recruitment process and reduced their turnover. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • An even greater proportion believe social care workers are overlooked when politicians talk about the "public sector" workforce more generally. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • A workforce analysis for Community Care's campaign by Sue Balloch, professor of health and social policy at the University of Brighton, says that social care still remains far from being a central election issue. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • Balloch adds that, with women still making up most of the social care workforce, there is a skills crisis as an increasing number are tempted by better paid and lower pressure jobs in retail, leaving overseas and agency staff to fill the gaps. (communitycare.co.uk)


  • Thus it is common to ask acquaintances who are of higher economic or social status than oneself to be sponsors. (countrystudies.us)
  • Contributing to social and economic development in the regions where we have operations is essential to securing and maintaining our licence to operate. (sasol.com)
  • In addition to the value we create through our core business activities, we undertake targeted community and enterprise development initiatives to bring further socio-economic benefits to neighbouring communities and local economies. (sasol.com)
  • The relationships between social and economic values are hugely debated on empirical, theoretical, ideological and even epistemological grounds. (undp.org)
  • We might also question whether the processes that drive modern economic growth reinforce the social values of employment. (undp.org)
  • the class conflict that follows is what makes capitalism so dynamic, rather than a harmony between social and economic values. (undp.org)


  • Values are the beliefs and views that people hold about what is right or wrong and good or bad. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • In this lesson, you will learn how the culture, attitudes, values and beliefs of consumers are the social factors that affect how marketers create a successful target marketing mix. (study.com)
  • Our farmer has asked Detective Lombardo to research consumers' culture, attitudes, values and beliefs to see how he could use that information to target his audience effectively with a marketing message. (study.com)


  • Values and behaviours-based recruitment and retention: find and keep people with the right values, behaviours and attitudes to work in adult social care and know what it means to provide quality care. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • Our values and behaviours-based recruitment and retention toolkit below, has guidance, suggestions and practical resources to help you find people with the right values, behaviours and attitudes. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • Establishing and communicating strong workplace values, and making sure that the values, behaviours and attitudes of the people you recruit match these, will help you to deliver high quality and consistent care and support. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • The right values, behaviours and attitudes are the raw materials for quality care and support - good induction, training and management will do the rest. (skillsforcare.org.uk)


  • A values-based approach to recruitment can help you improve staff performance and turnover. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • A study published by Skills for Care in April 2016, suggests that employers taking a values based approach to recruitment and retention are reaping the rewards. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • The social value of employment has been recognised within this revived attention, bringing the theme close to the heart of the human development approach. (undp.org)


  • Guided by FSG and a global network of funders, the Shared Value Initiative was created in 2012 to drive the adoption and implementation of shared value strategies by organizations around the world. (csrwire.com)


  • Among lowland Christian Filipinos, social organization continues to be marked primarily by personal alliance systems, that is, groupings composed of kin (real and ritual), grantors and recipients of favors, friends, and partners in commercial exchanges. (countrystudies.us)
  • In the later 20th century, social justice was made central to the philosophy of the social contract , primarily by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice (1971). (wikipedia.org)


  • The Example values and behaviours framework for adult social care describes some of the values and behaviours that are central to providing good quality care. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • If you already have a values and behaviours framework for your organisation, use this Values and behaviours mapping tool to map your workplace values and behaviours onto the example framework and see if there are any gaps. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • However, there is a danger of reducing the 'social' into a utilitarian framework. (undp.org)


  • This tension between productivity and social value can be observed today within increasingly complex and atomized factory systems of production and distribution, such as in the 'Walmartization' of retail stores across the globe. (undp.org)


  • The Center for Values and Social Policy in the Philosophy Department at the University of Colorado, Boulder is pleased to present the first annual RoME congress. (colorado.edu)


  • Like happiness, but unlike objective human development metrics, social values are inherently relative and subjective, such as the sense of security and dignity that people derive from work. (undp.org)
  • In order to foster and sustain progress in human development (education, health, social protection), African countries need to focus on results for the money that they spend on social services. (afdb.org)
  • [10] Hence, social justice is invoked today while reinterpreting historical figures such as Bartolomé de las Casas , in philosophical debates about differences among human beings, in efforts for gender, racial and social equality , for advocating justice for migrants , prisoners, the environment , and the physically and mentally disabled . (wikipedia.org)


  • Yet another content plugin for sharing articles into different social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, VKontakte. (joomla.org)


  • However, many policies that address unemployment have been controversial because, for example, they can often result in detrimental effects on peoples' dignity or social status by forcing them to accept substandard employment mismatched with their skill sets, or else by being used to discipline welfare recipients. (undp.org)
  • More than one-third of the public think social care will not exist as a separate discipline in five years' time, whoever wins the election. (communitycare.co.uk)


  • Work hours, social value of leisure and globalisation ," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics) , Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 317-326. (repec.org)
  • Work Hours, Social Value of Leisure and Globalisation ," Working Papers 10-4, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics. (repec.org)
  • Work Hours, Social Value of Leisure and Globalisation ," SIRE Discussion Papers 2010-08, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE). (repec.org)
  • Use the Values based recruitment and retention guide and planning poster to work with employees, people who need care and support, and their carers, to identify your workplace values and how they will be implemented across day to day activity. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • On the other hand, sufficient social security can allow the unemployed to avoid situations where they are forced to accept any work at any wage. (undp.org)


  • In 1990 educated Filipinos were less likely to feel obligated to extend help (thereby not initiating an utang na loob relationship) than were rural dwellers among whom traditional values remained strong. (countrystudies.us)
  • Workplace values help employers to embed a positive workplace culture and support the process of recruiting and retaining people who understand the right and wrong ways of working. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • The first edition of this book, Value Based Management: The Corporate Response to the Shareholder Revolution was written to help explain the underpinnings of Value-Based Management. (indigo.ca)


  • We examine how openness interacts with the coordination of consumption-leisure decisions in determining the equilibrium working hours and wage rate when there are leisure externalities (e.g., due to social interactions). (repec.org)


  • Instead, the idea of 'social value' arguably needs to be anchored in a more nuanced sociological understanding, such as the social nature of basic needs. (undp.org)
  • Socrates (through Plato 's dialogue Crito ) is attributed with developing the idea of a social contract , whereby people ought to follow the rules of a society, and accept its burdens because they have accepted its benefits. (wikipedia.org)


  • On average 40-60% of public expenditure goes to social spending in Africa, which calls for improved governance, and voice and accountability in social spending. (afdb.org)


  • Before you can recruit people with the right values and behaviours, you need to identify and agree your own workplace values. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • In most developing countries that lack generalized social security, unemployment is generally a status that only relatively well-off people can afford. (undp.org)
  • Social justice assigns rights and duties in the institutions of society, which enables people to receive the basic benefits and burdens of cooperation. (wikipedia.org)


  • Nine out of 10 social care workers agree that media representation of social care damages morale in the sector and makes it more difficult to recruit and retain staff. (communitycare.co.uk)


  • Social justice is the concept of fair and just relation between the individual and society . (wikipedia.org)


  • It is the identical quality that makes good and social. (wikipedia.org)


  • Some observers believed that as Philippine society became more modernized and urban in orientation, utang na loob would become less important in the political and social systems. (countrystudies.us)
  • The African Development Bank (AfDB) is organizing a training session on Value for Money (VfM) with senior government officials and civil society organisations from Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Zambia on November 4-7 2013 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. (afdb.org)
  • In Western as well as in older Asian cultures , the concept of social justice has often referred to the process of ensuring that individuals fulfill their societal roles and receive what was their due from society. (wikipedia.org)


  • The 1990s can best be described as the decade of shareholder supremacy, with each firm trying to outdo the other in their allegiance to shareholder value creation, or as it cameto be known, Value-Based Management (VBM). (indigo.ca)


  • This is measured by the explicit and tacit terms for the distribution of wealth , opportunities for personal activity and social privileges . (wikipedia.org)


  • How a person behaves in a particular situation can provide evidence of their core values and whether these align with those of your organisation. (skillsforcare.org.uk)


  • Most politicians are ignorant about social care, according to three-quarters of the 3,000 social care workers surveyed by Community Care earlier this month as part of our election 2005 campaign. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • The image of social care in the media - with its focus on child protection failures, violent mental health patients and abuse in residential care - is also seen as being almost entirely negative. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • More than 70 per cent of social care workers think that the way politicians and the media talk about social care stigmatises service users, potentially putting them at risk. (communitycare.co.uk)


  • Essentially, this report's going to allow you…to quantify the value of social. (lynda.com)
  • Bearing these complexities in mind, it is nonetheless useful to focus on the conditions that might allow for sufficient and sustained social values of employment within development. (undp.org)


  • Workplace values are the guiding principles that are most important to an employer. (skillsforcare.org.uk)
  • Once you've identified and agreed your workplace values, it's important to have a process for embedding them. (skillsforcare.org.uk)


  • You'll find that by selecting Conversions…in the left hand navigation,…under the social drop down within…the acquisition reporting category. (lynda.com)


  • Think about how these values might apply to your organisational culture and the expectations you have of employees. (skillsforcare.org.uk)


  • Social organization generally follows a single pattern, although variations do occur, reflecting the influence of local traditions. (countrystudies.us)
  • There is a consensus that unemployment must be generally avoided not only because it is detrimental to incomes and demand, but also to dignity and social cohesion. (undp.org)


  • Narrator] The final report in the social…reporting window that I'd like to talk about…is our conversions report. (lynda.com)


  • You can read how national charity, Sense, introduced values based recruitment in their workplace here . (skillsforcare.org.uk)


  • The training is aimed at building capacity of key stakeholders to address inefficiencies in social spending in African countries. (afdb.org)


  • Still, beyond the nuclear family, Filipinos do not assume the same degree of support, loyalty, and trust that they assume for immediate family members for whom loyalty is nothing less than a social imperative. (countrystudies.us)


  • Adds AdsManager support to Social Crossposting component. (joomla.org)