*  Dartmouth study provides first evidence of common brain code for space, time, distance | EurekAlert! Science News
... time and social distances. The results may help to determine whether we care enough to act: Is something happening here, now, ... Our brains use distance to understand time and social connectedness. This mapping function may have a particularly important ... More in Social & Behavior. * Nature or nurture? Innate social behaviors in the mouse brain California Institute of Technology ... "In other words, there is a common neural code for space, time and social distance. Near, now and dear (friends) activate one ...
*  Social distance - Wikipedia
Bogardus Social Distance Scale Social Distance Corollary Karakayali, Nedim. 2009. "Social Distance and Affective Orientations ... normative social distance differs from affective social distance, because it conceives social distance is conceived as a non- ... Normative social distance: A second approach views social distance as a normative category. Normative social distance refers to ... social distance is conceptualized in several different ways. Affective social distance: One widespread conception of social ...
*  Social Distance Corollary - Wikipedia
First, social distance is a continuum going from "just like me" to "not at all like me." Second, social distance reflects the ... the notion of social distance was enshrined as the "social distance corollary" (Meirick, 2005). According to Perloff's review ( ... social distance corollary is "the notion that self-other disparities grow in magnitude with increases in perceived distance ... close distance; and Third person, remote distance. In other words, Brosius and Engel varied psychological distance and found ...
*  Social distancing - Wikipedia
"Flu Pandemic Mitigation - Social Distancing" Glass RJ, Glass LM, Beyeler WE, Min HJ. "Targeted Social Distancing Designs for ... Social Distancing Fact Sheet "Information about Social Distancing," Santa Clara Public Health Department. "Interim Pre-Pandemic ... The objective of social distancing is to reduce the probability of contact between persons carrying an infection, and others ... Social distancing is a term applied to certain nonpharmaceutical infection control actions that are taken by public health ...
*  Bogardus social distance scale - Wikipedia
For Bogardus, social distance is a function of affective distance between the members of two groups: ''[i]n social distance ... "Social Distance and Affective Orientations." Sociological Forum, vol. 23, n.3, pp. 538-562, 2009. Bogardus, Emory S., Social ... "Updating the Bogardus social distance studies: a new national survey". The Social Science Journal. 42 (2): 257-271. doi:10.1016 ... The Bogardus social distance scale is a psychological testing scale created by Emory S. Bogardus to empirically measure ...
*  Health & Prevention: Social Distancing Guidelines (for workplace communicable disease outbreaks)
... may implement these social distancing guidelines to minimize the spread of the influenza and other communicable diseases among ...
*  Determining your Social Distance Group Plan - Social Distancing
Personal Social Distancing. *Personal Social Distancing Defined. *Examples of Personal Social Distancing,. *A social distance ... Determining your Social Distance Group Plan. Determining your Social Distance Group Plan. Social Distance Group and Plan ... The purpose of social distancing is to reduce the spread of influenza to lessen the impact of the pandemic on society and ... What is the name of your Social Distance Group? _____________________________. What parameters determined the formation of this ...
*  Distance learning Social Care training
Find the Distance learning Social Care training you are looking for on Emagister, the most comprehensive online guide to ... All the Distance learning Social Care training you need in one directory. ... Distance Learning ...Meeting the Common Induction Standards working with Adults in Social Care Settings This is a generic ... Distance Learning ... FOR SOCIAL CARE INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS AND NVQs IN CARE. Course Syllabus - What is a Sharp? - What ...
*  Distance Learning | Education | Social Sciences
DegreeFinders: A Distance Degree Information & Counseling Service. Information on distance education, distance learning degree ... Distance Learning Online Education Programs. Read our reviews of schools, colleges and universities that offer long distance ... Distance Education Clearinghouse. The Distance Education Clearinghouse is a comprehensive and widely recognized web site ... Natural Therapy courses by Distance Education. Health Schools Australia offer Distance Education courses in Natural Therapies, ...
*  On the psychology of cooperation in humans and other primates: combining the natural history and experimental evidence of...
Social distance to the partner further modifies the prosocial response, i.e. at a given point Xi, kin, reciprocating partners ... iii) Social distance. (I) In humans, all other things being equal, partners with whom the actor has a strong affiliative bond ... Finally, the social distance to the recipient should function as a modifier of the prosocial response. Thus, all other things ... In one-shot dictator games in which anonymity and large social distance are ensured as much as possible and the need of the ...
*  Difference between revisions of "Triggering interventions" - Eclipsepedia
Social Distancing Example. In the first example, we want to control an outbreak by implementing some sort of social distancing ... Now, let's say we want to only implement social distancing for a period of time. This is common since social distancing usually ... Implementing social distancing for only a period of time can be accomplished in STEM simply by modifying the predicate we just ... In the social distancing example above, a reduction of the transmission rate applied globally and equally in all regions. In ...
*  Difference between revisions of "Triggering interventions" - Eclipsepedia
Now, let's say we want to only implement social distancing for a period of time. This is common since social distancing usually ... Now, let's say we want to only implement social distancing for a period of time. This is common since social distancing ... Now, let's say we want to only implement social distancing for a period of time. This is common since social distancing ... Social Distancing Example. Basic Intervention. In the first example, we want to control an outbreak by implementing some sort ...
*  Fighting the Stigma of Addiction | DrugRehab.org
"We see very negative attitudes, a strong desire for social distance, high levels of discrimination and low support for policies ... Job Bias, Desire for Social Distance. Barry and her colleagues surveyed 709 Americans about their opinions toward drug ...
*  Women as a Minority Group - Helen Mayer Hacker
Social Distance Between Men and Women. One instrument of diagnostic value is the measurement of socialdistance between dominant ... And, although we have seenthat social distance exists between men and women, it is not to becompared with the social ... If womenexpressed less social distance to men than to women, should they thenbe classified sociologically as men? Perhaps no ... Social distance may be measured from the standpoint of theminority group or the dominant group with different results. In ...
*  What's new in the world of pandemic and avian flu?: December 2008
A small experiment was recently run in Japan to test how social distancing might be applied to public transportation during a ... Currently, expert guidance recommends 1-2 meters distance between each person (though there is little in the way of research to ... of their normal capacity to maintain 1 meter distance. This could have an additional effect on asking workplaces to stagger ... confirm these distances would be effective). In Japan they had a group of study participants use the train and remain 1 meter ...
*  Priming (psychology) - Wikipedia
Pashler, H.; Coburn, N.; Harris, C. R. (2012). "Priming of social distance? Failure to replicate effects on social and food ... with additional reports of failure to replicate this and other findings such as social-distance also reported. Priming is often ... In Handbook of Research Methods in Social Psychology. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1-39. CS1 maint: Multiple ... Bargh, John A.; Chen, Mark; Burrows, Laura (1996). "Automaticity of Social Behavior: Direct Effects of Trait Construct and ...
*  History of religion in the Netherlands - Wikipedia
The social distance grew. People read different newspapers; by the 1930s they listened to different radio programs. Catholic ... He was critical of the abuses within the Catholic Church and called for reform, but he kept his distance from Luther and ... "Changes in Choice of Spouse as an Indicator of a Society in a State of Transition: Woerden, 1830-1930," Historical Social ... The Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (Social and Cultural Planning Agency, SCP) expects the number of non-affiliated Dutch to be ...
*  Veil - Wikipedia
Murphy, R.F. (1964). Social Distance and the Veil. American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 66, No. 6, Part 1, pp. 1257-1274 ... have not been studied extensively but most likely include the maintenance of social distance and the communication of social ...
*  The Stranger (sociology) - Wikipedia
In comparison to other forms of social distance and difference (such as class, gender, and even ethnicity) the distance of the ... 143-50) Karakayali, Nedim (2009). "Social Distance and Affective Orientations". Sociological Forum. 24 (3): 538. doi:10.1111/j. ... Also, because of their distance from local factions, they might also be employed as arbitrators and even judges. The concept of ... "Human Migration and the Marginal Man." In On Social Control and Collective Behaviour: Selected Papers, Ralph H. Turner (ed.). ...
*  Clinical empathy - Wikipedia
A close patient-provider relationship threatens objectivity, therefore a social distance is expected to ensure professionalism ... Kadushin, Charles (1962-01-01). "Social Distance Between Client and Professional". American Journal of Sociology. 67 (5): 517- ... Detached concern, or clinical detachment, is the ability to distance oneself from the patient in order to serve the patient ... "Library Resource Finder: More Details for: Empathy : a social psychological approac". vufind.carli.illinois.edu. Retrieved 2016 ...
*  Rural tourism - Wikipedia
"Applying Social Distance to Voluntourism Research." Annals of Tourism Research 38.1 (2011): 309-13. Charnley, Susan. "From ... Additionally, ecotourism enhances social capital for both the host and tourist when engaging in social interaction and learning ... Both financial and social capital is placed in the indigenous community, driving further enhancements of the community ... "Social Enterprises in Tourism: An Exploratory Study of Operational Models and Success Factors." Journal of Sustainable Tourism ...
*  Frontiers | Power and Autistic Traits | Psychology
Magee, J. C., and Smith, P. K. (2013). The social distance theory of power. Pers. Soc. Psychol. Rev. 17, 158-186. doi: 10.1177/ ... Mehta, P. H., and Josephs, R. A. (2011). "Social endocrinology: hormones and social motivation," in Social motivation, ed. D. ... Lammers, J., Galinsky, A. D., Gordijn, E. H., and Otten, S. (2012). Power increases social distance. Soc. Psychol. Pers. Sci. 3 ... "independent of the kind of empathic skills involved in more intimate social relationships." And even with the social handicaps ...
*  Edoardo S. Biagioni -- Curriculum Vitae 2016
Distributed Anonymous Computation of Social Distance''. Short paper at the 13th Annual IEEE Consumer Communications & ... Distance and Asynchronous Teaching * The ICS 651 in the Spring of 2005 was mostly asynchronous, with a synchronous section that ... Asynchronous and Distance Communication over Digital Networks''. In ``Ergonomics and User Interfaces'', Volume I of the ... Asynchronous and Distance Communication over Digital Networks'', presented at HCI International '99, Munich, Germany, August ...
*  Distributed workforce - Wikipedia
This increases the social distance between them. Costs to grounding change The lack of one of these characteristics generally ... and the ways we manage distance in the work environment.The management of distance requires more than just technical artifacts ... In fact, techniques, social conventions and norms, organizational structures, and institutions are also required. In this ... People who had previously driven long distances to attend a meeting in their area began attending from their offices'. These ...
*  Citations | Research Hub | The Association of Religion Data Archives
Associated Search Terms: Social distance; Clergy; United Church of Canada; Students, undergraduate; Clergy image ... A Study of Role Perceptions as Indices of Social Distance between United Church of Canada Clergymen and United Church ... Social Movements & Religion. Interactively explore the role of religion within various social movements in the United States ... New York: Institute of Social and Religious Research. Associated Search Terms: Canada; United Church of Canada; Merger; ...

(1/120) Public conceptions of mental illness: labels, causes, dangerousness, and social distance.

OBJECTIVES: The authors used nationwide survey data to characterize current public conceptions related to recognition of mental illness and perceived causes, dangerousness, and desired social distance. METHODS: Data were derived from a vignette experiment included in the 1996 General Social Survey. Respondents (n = 1444) were randomly assigned to 1 of 5 vignette conditions. Four vignettes described psychiatric disorders meeting diagnostic criteria, and the fifth depicted a "troubled person" with subclinical problems and worries. RESULTS: Results indicate that the majority of the public identifies schizophrenia (88%) and major depression (69%) as mental illnesses and that most report multicausal explanations combining stressful circumstances with biologic and genetic factors. Results also show, however, that smaller proportions associate alcohol (49%) or drug (44%) abuse with mental illness and that symptoms of mental illness remain strongly connected with public fears about potential violence and with a desire for limited social interaction. CONCLUSIONS: While there is reason for optimism in the public's recognition of mental illness and causal attributions, a strong stereotype of dangerousness and desire for social distance persist. These latter conceptions are likely to negatively affect people with mental illness.  (+info)

(2/120) A staff dialogue on a socially distanced patient: psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and caregivers.

Shortly before his death in 1995, Kenneth B. Schwartz, a cancer patient at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), founded The Kenneth B. Schwartz Center at MGH. The Schwartz Center is a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting and advancing compassionate health care delivery, which provides hope to the patient, support to caregivers, and encourages the healing process. The center sponsors the Schwartz Center Rounds, a monthly multidisciplinary forum where caregivers reflect on important psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and their caregivers, and gain insight and support from fellow staff members. The following case of an HIV-positive woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer during a twin pregnancy was discussed at the May, 1999 Schwartz Center Rounds. The patient was in drug rehabilitation having been dependent on crack cocaine, with a past history of syphilis and gonorrhea. She was single and her other children were in foster care. Initially she was suspicious and non-compliant. A plan was negotiated to biopsy the cervical lesion after cesarean section and with confirmation of malignancy she underwent radical surgery and subsequently radiotherapy. Despite the almost insurmountable social and educational distance between her and her caregivers, they managed to bond and facilitate care. Although there were compromises with which staff were uncomfortable, the relationship was maintained and continues.  (+info)

(3/120) Politically correct labels and schizophrenia: a rose by any other name?

This study investigated the role of politically correct labels in emotional reactions, attributions regarding illness, behavioral intentions, and knowledge of schizophrenia symptoms. Two samples, undergraduate students and community members, were asked to rate a target individual on various scales using one of four labels varying in "political correctness": consumer of mental health services, person with severe mental illness, person with schizophrenia, and schizophrenic. Results showed that the label "consumer of mental health services" was associated with less negative reactions and was considered to be reflective of a condition more likely to change relative to the other, less politically correct labels. However, this label did not result in greater behavioral intention to interact with persons with a psychiatric disorder. Furthermore, participants receiving this label identified fewer symptoms associated with DSM-IV criteria of schizophrenia and were more likely to attribute responsibility for the condition to the target person, relative to the other labels.  (+info)

(4/120) Prejudice, social distance, and familiarity with mental illness.

In this study, the paths between two prejudicial attitudes (authoritarianism and benevolence) and a proxy measure of behavioral discrimination (social distance) were examined in a sample drawn from the general public. Moreover, the effects of two person variables (familiarity with mental illness and ethnicity) on prejudice were examined in the path analysis. One hundred fifty-one research participants completed measures of prejudice toward, social distance from, and familiarity with mental illness. Goodness-of-fit indexes from path analyses supported our hypotheses. Social distance is influenced by both kinds of prejudice: authoritarianism (the belief that persons with mental illness cannot care for themselves, so a paternalistic health system must do so) and benevolence (the belief that persons with mental illness are innocent and childlike). These forms of prejudice, in turn, are influenced by the believers' familiarity with mental illness and their ethnicity. We also discuss how these findings might contribute to a fuller understanding of mental illness stigma.  (+info)

(5/120) Interpersonal control and expressed emotion in families of persons with schizophrenia: change over time.

This study examined communication patterns in 62 families of persons with schizophrenia, comparing families with relatives who were low expressed emotion (EE) at the beginning and end of a 2-year study, those who were high EE at the beginning and end, and those whose EE status changed. Interaction was coded with the Relational Control Coding System and analyzed as a Markov process. Dialogues in the stable low-EE and stable high-EE families were rather similar initially, and both groups showed increasing flexibility at year 1. However, at year 2, low-EE dyads showed increasingly complex structure and flexibility in control, but high-EE dyads showed simpler structure and rigidly controlling patterns. When EE status changed, so did the structure of the dialogues and the patterning of control. Although earlier research found more "tightly joined" systems in families of high-EE relatives, it may be that over time, these family members distance from each other and so are less connected. It is also possible that relatives who remain high EE despite intervention are a subset of high-EE relatives who need more support or different therapeutic approaches to maintain change.  (+info)

(6/120) Identity and search in social networks.

Social networks have the surprising property of being "searchable": Ordinary people are capable of directing messages through their network of acquaintances to reach a specific but distant target person in only a few steps. We present a model that offers an explanation of social network searchability in terms of recognizable personal identities: sets of characteristics measured along a number of social dimensions. Our model defines a class of searchable networks and a method for searching them that may be applicable to many network search problems, including the location of data files in peer-to-peer networks, pages on the World Wide Web, and information in distributed databases.  (+info)

(7/120) Nutrition, infant behavior, and maternal characteristics: a pilot study in West Bengal, India.

Free activities and mother-child interaction in a standard setting were observed among undernourished and well-nourished children between the ages of 7 and 18 months in West Bengal. The undernourished boys showed less vigor in play activity, less attachment behavior toward the mother, especially in interaction across a distance, and maintained close physical contact with her more frequently than did the well-nourished boys. The mothers of the undernourished boys had lower scores in four of six measures of maternal behavior. Correlations between child and maternal scores revealed a high reciprocity in mother-child interaction for the well-nourished boys, but a lack of reciprocity for the undernourished boys. The developmental quotient and activity scores of the well- and undernourished boys were not different. However, the correlations between these and the maternal scores showed a divergent pattern of relationships for the two nutritional groups.  (+info)

(8/120) Reducing psychiatric stigma and discrimination: evaluation of educational interventions in UK secondary schools.

BACKGROUND: The persistent and disabling nature of psychiatric stigma has led to the establishment of global programmes to challenge the negative stereotypes and discriminatory responses that generate social disability, but these initiatives are rarely evaluated. AIMS: To assess the effectiveness of an intervention with young people aimed at increasing mental health literacy and challenging negative stereotypes associated with severe mental illness. METHOD: A total of 472 secondary school students attended two mental health awareness workshops and completed pre- and post-questionnaires detailing knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intentions. RESULTS: Young people use an extensive vocabulary of 270 different words and phrases to describe people with mental health problems: most were derogatory terms. Mean positive attitude scores rose significantly from 1.2 at baseline to 2.8 at 1-week follow-up and 2.3 at a 6-month follow-up. Changes were most marked for female students and those reporting personal contact with people with mental illness. CONCLUSIONS: Short educational workshops can produce positive changes in participants' reported attitudes towards people with mental health problems.  (+info)

  • minimize
  • The objective of social distancing is to reduce the probability of contact between persons carrying an infection, and others who are not infected, so as to minimize disease transmission, morbidity and ultimately, mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the event of an influenza pandemic or other communicable disease situation, [Name of Company] may implement these social distancing guidelines to minimize the spread of the influenza and other communicable diseases among the staff. (shrm.org)
  • Minimize impact Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts Provide direct financial benefit for conservation Provide financial benefits and empowerment for local people Raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental, and social climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • It addresses the needs of the tourism businesses to minimize negative impacts and maximize positive impacts in all three parts of the community - social, economic, and environmental. (wikipedia.org)
  • gatherings
  • Some examples of social distancing used to control the spread of contagious illnesses include: school closure (proactive or reactive) workplace closure isolation (health care) quarantine cordon sanitaire protective sequestration cancellation of mass gatherings such as sports events, films or musical shows. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the 1918 flu pandemic, authorities in the US implemented school closures, bans on public gatherings, and other social distancing interventions in Philadelphia and in St. Louis, but in Philadelphia the delay of five days in initiating these measures allowed transmission rates to double three to five times, whereas a more immediate response in St. Louis was significant in reducing transmission there. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social gatherings. (weebly.com)
  • long
  • Read our reviews of schools, colleges and universities that offer long distance courses and online associate, bachelor's, master's, and MBA degrees. (einet.net)
  • Airborne precautions prevent transmission of infectious agents that remain infectious over long distances when suspended in the air (e.g., rubeola virus [measles], varicella virus [chickenpox], M. tuberculosis, and possibly SARS-CoV). (wikipedia.org)
  • people's
  • and inclusion within health and social care is vital to ensuring people's differences are valued and that people are treated equally and supported to take part. (emagister.co.uk)
  • widely
  • The Distance Education Clearinghouse is a comprehensive and widely recognized web site bringing together distance education information and related resources from Wisconsin, national and international sources. (einet.net)
  • measures
  • Examine the religious composition, religious freedoms, demographics and multiple social and political measures for 22 global regions and the world. (thearda.com)
  • Examine the religious composition, religious freedoms, demographics, constitutional clauses, survey findings and multiple social and political measures for 250 nations. (thearda.com)
  • spread
  • Historically, leper colonies and lazarettos were established as a means of preventing the spread of leprosy and other contagious diseases through social distancing, until transmission was understood and effective treatments were invented. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • The social distance questionnaires may not accurately measure what people actually would do if a member of another group sought to become a friend or neighbour. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, an individual who is estranged from his or her close family members may care less about whom they marry than about who is in his or her circle of close friends, and a respondent whose poor social skills and/or social anxiety limit the respondent's ability to initiate friendships may welcome anyone who comes the respondent's way despite that person's membership in a group disfavored by the respondent. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is the name of your Social Distance Group? (weebly.com)
  • Social distance to the partner further modifies the prosocial response, i.e. at a given point X i , kin, reciprocating partners or in-group members will generally elicit a higher prosocial response. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Common
  • Meeting the Common Induction Standards working with Adults in Social Care Settings This is a generic programme that meets the Skills for Care Common. (emagister.co.uk)
  • public
  • Social distancing (e.g. distributing face masks, closing public buildings) reduces the transmissibility of an outbreak, so changing the transmission rate in the disease makes sense. (eclipse.org)
  • include
  • Some ways social distance can be measured include: direct observation of people interacting, questionnaires, speeded decision making tasks, route planning exercises, or other social drawing tasks (see sociogram). (wikipedia.org)
  • ways
  • Considering the social distance phenomenon an aspect of Davison's (1983) third-person perception, Perloff (1993) articulated it as a complex variable including perceived similarity, familiarity, and identification, and pointed that there are at least two different ways to conceptualize social distance. (wikipedia.org)
  • New technologies are changing important aspects of how we live and work, and the ways we manage distance in the work environment.The management of distance requires more than just technical artifacts. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • The results supported the existence of this tendency, showing that the mean level of social distance has been decreasing comparing with the previous studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • It plays a role in social bonding, sexual reproduction in both sexes, and during and after childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dodd and Nehnevasja had no intention of restoring geometric distance to any kind of constitutive role in the social process. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Social distance is now even expanding beyond our planet as we send people into outer space on space missions and even personal trips to space. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Social Distance Corollary is a theory in communication research that concerns the tendency of people to perceive others to be more susceptible to media influence than they actually are. (wikipedia.org)
  • and moral disgust, which motivates people to avoid breaking social norms. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Internet users are encouraged to submit their responses here where the maintainer of this site has posted at least two papers that update research on social distance. (wikipedia.org)
  • He began his career as professor of Sociology and Director of the Social Science Research Section of the American University of Beirut. (wikipedia.org)
  • In: Sociology and Social Research Vol 38 (May-June 1954): pp. 287-292. (wikipedia.org)
  • close
  • Although "me" and "you" are put in one category, it is implied that some degree of distance exists between self and such close others as friends and lovers (Tsfati & Cohen, 2004). (wikipedia.org)
  • third
  • and Third person, remote distance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Investigating the third-person effect in regard to political identification, Duck, Hogg, and Terry (1995) found that perception of self-other differences in media vulnerability are influenced by the subjectively salient social relationship between self and other, and are governed by motivational needs, such as self-esteem, social-identity, and differentiation from others. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • Empathetic physicians share understanding with patients, which serves to benefit the patient in their physical, mental and social well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • support
  • We see very negative attitudes, a strong desire for social distance, high levels of discrimination and low support for policies that could improve access to treatment," Barry says of the poll results on drug addiction. (drugrehab.org)
  • the former can be expressed by its credibility, that is, the perceived social support at a given time and space. (wikipedia.org)