Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Object Attachment: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.Sociometric Techniques: Methods for quantitatively assessing and measuring interpersonal and group relationships.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Social Isolation: The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Hierarchy, Social: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Risk Adjustment: The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Social Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Social Desirability: A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.Social Identification: The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Psychology, Social: The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Social Conformity: Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.Social Participation: Involvement in community activities or programs.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.

*  Psychosocial Adjustment and the Meaning of Social Support for Visually Impaired Adolescents (Online) - AFB Press Store -...
... from a nationwide study conducted at the University of Amsterdam into the psychosocial adjustment and the meaning of social ... The findings indicate that social support, especially the support of peers, is important to adolescents with visual impairments ... Psychosocial Adjustment and the Meaning of Social Support for Visually Impaired Adolescents, Online, This article presents ... Description of Psychosocial Adjustment and the Meaning of Social Support for Visually Impaired Adolescents This article ...
*  Search Results - - 555 Results - Digital Library
The Relationship between Creativity and Factors Associated with Personal and Social Adjustment Description: The present study ... Increasing the Social Interaction in a Fifth-Grade Class: a Sociometric Study Description: The purpose of this study is to ... Creativity as Related to Social Perception, Anxiety and Self-concept Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate ... Description: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between two of the most important indices of adjustment: ...
*  Addiction Housing Case Management for Homeless Veterans - Full Text View -
Social Adjustment. Additional relevant MeSH terms: Disease. Substance-Related Disorders. Mental Disorders. Psychotic Disorders ... Functional status was measured by Medical, Employment, Family/Social, and Legal Composite Scores (range 0 to 1 with higher ...
*  Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms - Full Text View -
Social Adjustment Scale. *Global Assessment Functioning. *MOS SF-36, quality of life. *Dropout. *complete the trial. ...
*  Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2008: Transition: Post-Secondary, Employment & Community | National Rehabilitation Information...
Social Adjustment/Behavior. *Social Networks/Services/Skills/Support. *Special Education/Needs/Students ... Results indicated that the majority of schools offer functional curricula, social skills training, and a variety of school- ... The program uses mentors to provide role models, increase social support, and teach valuable skills. Jump Start students, ... ABSTRACT: Article arguing that a civil rights model of disability serves better than a social constructivist model when ...
*  Internet Intervention for Diabetes Distress - Full Text View -
Work and Social Adjustment [ Time Frame: At the end of treatment (week 8) ]. Work and Social Adjustment (WASA; Mundt, Marks, ... It looks at how the disorder impairs the patient's ability to function day to day on five dimensions: work, social life, home ...
*  Autistic Traits in Children With and Without ADHD | Articles | Pediatrics
Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents. SES - socioeconomic status. WISC-R - Wechsler Intelligence Scale for ... The Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA): testing of a new semistructured interview. J Am Acad ... Psychosocial functioning was assessed by using the Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA).21 Using ... Social Functioning. Both ADHD groups had a significantly higher prevalence of social disability as defined by the SAICA (all P ...
*  Search of: Inventory | 'Depression' - List Results -
Social Adjustment Scale - Self-report (SAS- SR). *(and 2 more...). 188. Female. Child, Adult, Senior. NCT01182363. H28906. ... Duke Social Support Index. 132. All. 18 Years to 85 Years (Adult, Senior). NCT01208428. Pro00026533. April 2011. July 2014. ... Change from baseline in Social Problem Solving Inventory-Revised Short Form (SPSI-RS) ...
*  Expanding the Reach and Impact of Consumer e-Health Tools - Appendix 3. Chapter 3 Literature Review Summary (Part 2)
Depression, anxiety, work, and social adjustment Intervention group showed significantly greater improvement in depression and ... Social norm interventions appear to be more effective for those who drink for social reasons.. ... System usage, patient outcomes, social support, information needs, participation in health care, quality of life Used CHESS 155 ... Perceived drinking norms, drinking behavior, social reasons for drinking Intervention had small effects on drinking and medium ...
*  Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2010: Sexuality, Intimacy & Disability | National Rehabilitation Information Center
Social Adjustment/Attitudes/Bias/Influences/Theories. *Socialization. *Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI). *Stereotyping ... The Social Construction of Hopelessness: Chronicity and the Rise of Therapeutic Failure in the Social History of People with ... A. Social and sexual relationships: In social relationships adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy were less active ... Presents sources of social evidence that support the myth of asexuality including personal narratives of people with ...
*  Health Benefits of Yoga - International Association of Yoga Therapists (IAYT)
Social adjustment increases Anxiety and depression decrease Hostility decreases Psychomotor functions improve: ... British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, June 1979, 18:219-226. ...
*  Search of: 'Depression, Postpartum' [DISEASE] - List Results -
Battery of Neuropsychological Tests and Social Adjustment Scale. 14. Female. 18 Years to 36 Years (Adult). NCT01452321. 0588/07 ... Measure of perceived social support measured by Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) ... Change from baseline in social anxiety symptoms on the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms Social Anxiety Scale (IDAS ... Measure of psycho social risk assessment according to Adapted antenatal Risk Questionnaire (ANRQ) ...
*  Adolescence - Biological, Psychological, & Sociological Deve by Taylor Braxton on Prezi
Bagley, C., & Bolitho, F. (2001, January 1). Ethnicities and social adjustment in Canadian adolescents - Springer. Retrieved ... Social Work is consistent with the acceptance of the strengths and empowerment perspectives. Social workers try to minimize all ... Ethnicity- the fact of state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.. Social and ... capacities and even social status, whereas boys of the same age will cite their abilities, their talents and their social ...
*  Search of: Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | 'Hearing Disorders' - List Results -
Social Adjustment Scale Self-Report (SAS-SR) Score. 40. All. 60 Years to 99 Years (Adult, Senior). NCT03321006. 7540. August 15 ... The Berkman-Syme Social Network Index aggregated into a single score. 40. All. 50 Years to 90 Years (Adult, Senior). ...
*  Review of the guidelines of the Brazilian Medical Association for the treatment of depression (Full version)
... social stress/small social adjustment;141,147 and 9)life events.148 ... Social adjustment in dysthymia, double depression and episodic major depression. J Affect Disord. 1996;37(2-3):91-101. [ Links ... social withdrawal, and slowed speech.45 Evidence of other naturalistic studies shows that the impairment of the social and ... Social functioning in chronic depression: effect of 6 weeks of antidepressant treatment. Psychiatry Res. 1998;25:213-22. [ ...
*  Plus it
Capital at home and at school: effects on child social adjustment.J Marriage Fam2001; 63:32-47. ... The family as a basic unit in health and medical care: a social-behavioral overview.Soc Sci Med1974; 8:495-519. ... Families are important social contexts within which illness occurs, lingers, or resolves. Families share the same lifestyle and ... Our study provides empirical support for regarding families as important social contexts for use of health care. Illnesses at ...
*  The Urantia Book/Paper 70 - Wikisource, the free online library
The constant necessity for national defense creates many new and ad- vanced social adjustments. Society, today, enjoys the ... when social levels petrify, the enhancement of social stability is purchased by diminishment of personal initiative. Social ... 2. THE SOCIAL VALUE OF WAR In past ages a fierce war would institute social changes and facilitate the adoption of new ideas ... 8. SOCIAL CLASSES The mental and physical inequality of human beings insures that social classes will appear. The only worlds ...
*  Management of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders | FROM THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS | Pediatrics
Gold N. Depression and social adjustment in siblings of boys with autism. J Autism Dev Disord.1993;23 :147- 163. ... A social skills curriculum should target responding to the social overtures of other children and adults, initiating social ... 10 Social skills groups, social stories, visual cueing, social games, video modeling, scripts, peer-mediated techniques, and ... The use of social stories as a preventative behavioral intervention in a home setting with a child with autism. J Posit Behav ...
*  Publications of Bernard F. Fuemmeler
FUEMMELER, B (2002). Survivors of childhood brain tumors : behavioral, emotional, and social adjustment. Clin Psychol Rev, 22(4 ... and Social Adjustment. Clinical Psychology Review, 22, 547 - 585. . *Fuemmeler, BF; Taylor, LA; Jr, AEM; Brown, RT (2002). Risk ... Brown, RT; Fuemmeler, B; Anderson, D; Jamieson, S; Simonian, S; Hall, RK; Brescia, F (2007). Adjustment of children and their ... Brown, RT, Fuemmeler, BF, Anderson, D, Jamieson, S, Simonian, S, Brescia, F. Adjustment of children and their mothers with ...
*  Indmedica - Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Mishra S. Social adjustment in old age. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Punjab University: Chandigarh; 1976. ... A medico-social study of aged persons. A Thesis for MD (P and SM). AIIMS New Delhi; 1975. ... Contributory factors for higher loneliness in females were loss of companion, illiteracy, less social contacts and maltreatment ... The aged persons should be involved in social activities to avoid loneliness among them. ...
*  The Dumbing Down of America is Reflected on HP | HubPages
Just think of that social adjustment in the last 30 years. Where education is held in disdain rather than respect. ... Anyway, am in agreement with 'HP' and 'FB' along with social media may be dumbing down information. But, I also noticed social ... United States Political & Social Issues. Andrew Carnegie, Henry Frick, US Steel and The Homestead Strike. by Nathan Bernardo. 2 ... This is a political social hub, keep that in mind please.. Far from my writing that reflects what my life is basically about I ...
*  Bipolar disorder, testosterone administration, and homicide: a case report.
Homicide is a major public health and social concern in the United States. Studies have found higher rates of psychiatric ... Next Document: The Work and Social Adjustment Scale: Reliability, Sensitivity, and Value.. ... Homicide is a major public health and social concern in the United States. Studies have found higher rates of psychiatric ...
*  Anxiety with Phentermine
Sensitivity and Impairment Scale (OASIS); Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS); Credibility/Expectancy Questionnaire; Rand- ... HIV Prevention for HIV-Negative Men Via Reduction of Social Anxiety. Conditions: Social Anxiety. ; Substance Use. ... Behavioral: Reduction of social Anxiety. & substance use in gay/bi men. Outcome Measures: Instances of unprotected anal ... Disorder; Social Anxiety. Disorder. Interventions: Other: Attentional Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT) - Active; Other: ...

Genetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.List of awards and nominations received by Genesis: The following list includes all the awards and nominations received by the English rock band Genesis. This does not include any awards or nominations received for solo works or other group activities.Avoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.Interpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).BrexpiprazoleCognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is derived from both the cognitive and behavioral schools of psychology and focuses on the alteration of thoughts and actions with the goal of treating various disorders. The cognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders emphasizes the minimization of negative thoughts about body image and the act of eating, and attempts to alter negative and harmful behaviors that are involved in and perpetuate eating disorders.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.David Budescu: David Budescu is a psychologist and academic. He is the Anne Anastasi Professor of Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology at Fordham University.Religion and schizophrenia: == Background ==Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Relative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Fritz Heider: Fritz Heider (February 19, 1896 – January 2, 1988)American Psychologist., "Fritz Heider (1896 - 1988)".Urban Services Department: Urban Services Department () was a government department in Hong Kong. It carried out the policies and managed the facilities of the former Urban Council.Brendan Gahan: Brendan Gahan is an American social media marketer, public speaker, and YouTube marketing expert. He is the former Director of Social Media for the creative agency Mekanism where he was responsible for creating viral campaigns for clients including Pepsi, Virgin Mobile, Axe, and 20th Century Fox.Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies: Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies refer collectively to the genealogies of the pre-Viking Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Britain. These trace the royal families through legendary kings and heroes and usually an eponymous ancestor of their clan, and in most cases converge on the god-hero of the Anglo-Saxon peoples, Woden.Vinnytsia Institute of Economics and Social Sciences: Vinnytsia Institute of Economics and Social Sciences – structural unit of Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine” (OIUHD “Ukraina”).Okurigana: are kana] suffixes following [[kanji stems in Japanese written words. They serve two purposes: to inflect adjectives and verbs, and to force a particular kanji to mean a specific idea and be read a certain way.Social history of England: The social history of England evidences many social changes the centuries. These major social changes have affected England both internally and in its relationship with other nations.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Swadeshi Jagaran Manch: The Swadeshi Jagaran Manch or SJM is an economic wing of Sangh Parivar that again took the tool of Swadeshi advocated in India before its independence to destabilize the British Empire. SJM took to the promotion of Swadeshi (indigenous) industries and culture as a dote against LPG.Adjustment disorderSupplemental Security Income: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled.(SSA "Supplemental Security Income (SSI)" p.Freiwirtschaft: (German for "free economy") is an economic idea founded by Silvio Gesell in 1916. He called it (natural economic order).List of social psychology theoriesSunshine Social Welfare Foundation: Sunshine Social Welfare Foundation (Chinese: 陽光社會福利基金會) is a charity established in 1981 in Taiwan to provide comprehensive services for burn survivors and people with facial disfigurement.Injustice Society

(1/1316) Investigating fatigue of less than 6 months' duration. Guidelines for family physicians.

OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based systematic approach to assessment of adult patients who present to family physicians complaining of fatigue of less than 6 months' duration. The guidelines present investigative options, making explicit what should be considered in all cases and what should be considered only in specific situations. They aim to provide physicians with an approach that, to the extent possible, is based on evidence so that time and cost are minimized and detection and management of the cause of the fatigue are optimized. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1997 using the key words "family practice" and "fatigue." Articles about chronic fatigue syndrome were excluded. Articles with level 3 evidence were found, but no randomized trials, cohort studies, or case-control studies were found. Articles looking specifically at the epidemiology, demographics, investigations, and diagnoses of patients with fatigue were chosen. Articles based on studies at referral and specialty centres were given less weight than those based on studies in family physicians' offices. MAIN MESSAGE: Adherence to these guidelines will decrease the cost of investigating the symptom of fatigue and optimize diagnosis and management. This needs to be proved in practice, however, and with research that produces level 1 and 2 evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Adults presenting with fatigue of less than 6 months' duration should be assessed for psychosocial causes and should have a focused history and physical examination to determine whether further investigations should be done. The guidelines outline investigations to be considered. The elderly require special consideration. These guidelines have group validation, but they need to be tested by more physicians in various locations and types of practices.  (+info)

(2/1316) Admission and adjustment of residents in homes for the elderly.

This paper discusses the relationship between psychological variables, a brief cognitive measure and a behavioural rating scale, and the subsequent adjustment of a group of elderly people newly admitted to a social services home for the elderly. It shows that, in this sample, three groups can be identified: a fairly independent group of people who show no apparent deterioration in functioning during the first year of admission; a more dependent group who show loss of functioning during the same period; and a third group who show an immediate negative effect from admission, and who have a poor outcome. We comment on the lack of evidence in support of a general negative relocation effect, and on the value of the procedures used.  (+info)

(3/1316) Coping with refractory epilepsy.

We investigated the coping behaviour and its correlation with demographic and illness-related data, depression, locus of control and psychosocial adaptation in 40 patients with intractable epilepsy with primarily or secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Three standardized self-reporting questionnaires were applied, which are the Freiburg Questionnaire of Coping with Illness (FKV), the von Zerssen Depression Scale (D-S), and the IPC-questionnaire measuring generalized locus of control beliefs; the Social Interview Schedule (SIS), a semi-structured interview, was used to measure the psychosocial adaptation. Active, problem-focused and compliance strategies were predominantly used and regarded as most helpful. Hence, the epileptic patients use similar coping patterns reported in patients with other non life-threatening chronic diseases. The level of depression was moderate and in the range of other chronic somatic diseases. The use of coping patterns, which are regarded as maladaptive, was correlated with distinct depression, a small degree of internal locus of control beliefs and poor psychosocial adaption. These results indicate the possibility to improve psychosocial adjustment by supporting effective strategies.  (+info)

(4/1316) Technique evaluation of foster care in chronic psychiatric disorders.

Foster care received by 178 patients with chronic psychiatric disorders discharged from Hamilton Psychiatric Hospital in the years 1966 through 1969 was studied by technique evaluation. Residents were followed for 3 years by means of health records. The achievement of operational objectives of the program (Homes for Special Care) was compared with two types of outcome--emergency readmission to hospital and discharge to the community. Emergency readmission was associated with rural location of the foster home, inferior quality of the home operator and smaller size (i.e., fewer residents) of the home. Discharge to the community was more common among younger, female residents whose previous psychiatric hospitalization had been relatively brief. In general, prescription audit was not a fruitful way of evaluating quality of health care.  (+info)

(5/1316) Tay-Sachs screening: social and psychological impact.

Participants in two Tay-Sachs screening programs were generally satisifed with the organization of the tests and the results. There was no evidence of adverse impact on reproductive plans or interpersonal relations, and the respondents professed to believe in the value of screening. While the carriers discussed their condition freely with others and were no less favorable to the idea of screening than the noncarriers, about one-half of their number expressed discomfort in being told they were heterozygotes. These feelings were allayed by counseling, but there was evidence of some residual unease. It is suggested that this anxiety would be less prominent and more easily reduced if screening were done under conditions of ordinary primary medical care rather than outside the conventional system.  (+info)

(6/1316) Assessing the psychosocial consequences of epilepsy: a community-based study.

BACKGROUND: Few studies have measured, using validated scales, the psychosocial handicap of epilepsy in a general practice setting. AIM: To assess the prevalence of psychosocial problems associated with epilepsy. METHOD: A survey was undertaken of 309 subjects, with one or more non-febrile epileptic seizures, drawn from two general practices in the United Kingdom (UK). The outcome measures were the Subjective Handicap of Epilepsy Scale (SHE), the SF-36, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD). RESULTS: One-third of persons with active epilepsy were significantly handicapped by their condition. The severity of subjective handicap was related to seizure frequency and to the duration of remission of seizures. Between one-third and one-half of subjects scored as 'cases' on the HAD scale and on the mental health subscale of the SF-36. Only one-third of the psychiatric morbidity revealed by the questionnaires had been recognized by the general practitioner (GP). Scores on the SF-36 indicated that people with active seizures perceived themselves as significantly less healthy than those in remission, and that, for persons in remission, drug treatment had a detrimental effect on certain aspects of well-being. CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of seizures, even at low frequencies, is associated with psychosocial handicap, and this may remain covert in general practice.  (+info)

(7/1316) Follow-up of psychogenic, non-epileptic seizures: a pilot study - experience in a Dutch special centre for epilepsy.

A follow-up study was performed in 33 patients with proven (ictal EEG-CCTV) psychogenic, non-epileptic seizures (PNES). These patients received a questionnaire to evaluate seizures, treatment and rehabilitation. The response group consisted of 21 females (80% response) and seven males (100% response). Follow-up after diagnosis varied from 23-67 months. Seven patients (25%) reported that seizures had ceased and of the patients not seizure-free seven did report a seizure-free period after diagnosis of an average 6.7 months. Eight patients were on antiepileptic drugs again. Of 13 patients referred for psychotherapy, who also did receive treatment, six became free of seizures and seven did not. Of seven patients also referred, but who did not receive psychotherapy, all continued to have seizures. On a self-rating scale to compare "overall function" at the time of diagnosis and follow-up, 75% considered themselves to have "improved", but no improvement could be detected in psychosocial functioning.  (+info)

(8/1316) Building momentum: an ethnographic study of inner-city redevelopment.

OBJECTIVES: One factor contributing to the decay of inner-city areas, and to consequent excess mortality, is the massive loss of housing. This report studied the effects of a redevelopment project on social functioning in an inner-city community. METHODS: This ethnographic study included the following elements: a longitudinal study of 10 families living in renovated housing, repeated observations and photographing of the street scene, focus groups, and informal interviews with area residents. The project was located in the Bradhurst section of Harlem in New York City and was focused on a redevelopment effort sponsored by local congregations. RESULTS: Those who were able to move into newly renovated housing found that their living conditions were greatly improved. Neighborhood revitalization lagged behind the rehabilitation of individual apartment houses. This uneven redevelopment was a visual and sensory reminder of "what had been." Residents missed the warmth and social support that existed in Harlem before its decline. CONCLUSIONS: Rebuilding damaged housing contributes greatly to the well-being of inner-city residents. The current pace and scope of rebuilding are insufficient to restore lost vitality.  (+info)

  • adolescents
  • This article presents research derived from a nationwide study conducted at the University of Amsterdam into the psychosocial adjustment and the meaning of social support for Dutch adolescents with visual impairments. (
  • The findings indicate that social support, especially the support of peers, is important to adolescents with visual impairments. (
  • More subtle determinant of group membership, such as shared interests and values, take precedence as adolescents develop more sophisticated, abstract cognitive functions (more here), which allow them to categorize individuals in more subtle ways and better interpret social interactions. (
  • Scale
  • The purpose of this revision was to standardize the test, account for sex differences in performance, achieve correlations with the Binet-Simon scale and the US Army test and estimate social capability and industrial aptitude. (
  • Negative
  • Negative social reactions or advice may be taken less notice of, and a person may be more caught up in their own thoughts and interpretations, often along a theme of feeling criticised. (
  • beliefs
  • 1 3 The propensity of some families to use more health services than others may be attributed to predisposing factors such as family composition, health beliefs, and social structure. (
  • There are also indications that individuals may hold certain beliefs about themselves, their internal states, and their social world (including striving to meet high standards despite it causing distress) that may make them vulnerable during changing mood states in the face of relevant life events. (
  • primary
  • During late adolescence, the organized clique structure typically dissolves into associated sets of couples, which then remain the primary social unit into and throughout adulthood. (
  • peers
  • Critics of unschooling see it as an extreme educational philosophy, with concerns that unschooled children will lack the social skills, structure, and motivation of their schooled peers, while proponents of unschooling say exactly the opposite is true: self-directed education in a natural environment better equips a child to handle the "real world. (
  • workers
  • Also known as NEDAwareness Week, it takes place during the last week of February, and is "a collective effort of primarily volunteers, including eating disorder professionals, health care providers, students, educators, social workers, and individuals committed to raising awareness of the dangers surrounding eating disorders and the need for early intervention and treatment. (
  • PhD, education in private clinical practice) by states, degrees and certifications are offered in fields such as psychiatric rehabilitation (MS, PhD), BA psychology (liberal arts, experimental/clinical/existential/community)to MA licensing is now more popular, BA (to PhD) mid-level program management, qualified civil service professionals, and social workers remain the mainstay of community admissions procedures (licensed by state, often generic training) in the US. (
  • early
  • And wherever and whenever the fabric of civilization becomes stressed by the complications of society's advancement, there is always an immediate and ruinous reversion to these early methods of violent adjustment of the irritations of human interassociations. (
  • groups
  • The major difference is that these reputation-based groups do not necessarily interact with each other, whereas members of a clique do interact with one another and have frequent social interactions. (
  • tradition
  • The individualisation hypothesis suggests that attitudes and behaviour are increasingly based on personal choice and are less dependent on tradition and social connections. (
  • develop
  • There is some indication that once mania has begun to develop, social stressors, including criticism from significant others, can further contribute. (
  • community
  • Theorists have differentiated types and levels of integration in special education as physical, functional, social, community and organizational. (
  • quality
  • Anders Gustavsson (ca. 1990) of Sweden has indicated that physical integration best describes the common use of the term "integration", with social integration the struggle for "equality and quality in life. (
  • popularity
  • This is evidence that there are two main forms of personal popularity that social psychology recognizes, sociometric popularity and perceived popularity. (