Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Parental Leave: The authorized absence from work of either parent prior to and after the birth of their child. It includes also absence because of the illness of a child or at the time of the adoption of a child. It does not include leave for care of siblings, parents, or other family members: for this FAMILY LEAVE is available.Work Capacity Evaluation: Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.Family Leave: The authorized absence from work of a family member to attend the illness or participate in the care of a parent, a sibling, or other family member. For the care of a parent for a child or for pre- or postnatal leave of a parent, PARENTAL LEAVE is available.Absenteeism: Chronic absence from work or other duty.Sick Sinus Syndrome: A condition caused by dysfunctions related to the SINOATRIAL NODE including impulse generation (CARDIAC SINUS ARREST) and impulse conduction (SINOATRIAL EXIT BLOCK). It is characterized by persistent BRADYCARDIA, chronic ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and failure to resume sinus rhythm following CARDIOVERSION. This syndrome can be congenital or acquired, particularly after surgical correction for heart defects.Rehabilitation, Vocational: Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.Pensions: Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.Return to Work: Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Insurance, Disability: Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)SwedenEmployment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Nurses' Aides: Allied health personnel who assist the professional nurse in routine duties.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Sick Building Syndrome: A group of symptoms that are two- to three-fold more common in those who work in large, energy-efficient buildings, associated with an increased frequency of headaches, lethargy, and dry skin. Clinical manifestations include hypersensitivity pneumonitis (ALVEOLITIS, EXTRINSIC ALLERGIC); allergic rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL); ASTHMA; infections, skin eruptions, and mucous membrane irritation syndromes. Current usage tends to be less restrictive with regard to the type of building and delineation of complaints. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Work: Productive or purposeful activities.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.NorwayBurnout, Professional: An excessive stress reaction to one's occupational or professional environment. It is manifested by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion coupled with a sense of frustration and failure.Personnel Downsizing: Reducing staff to cut costs or to achieve greater efficiency.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Neck Pain: Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Job Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Euthyroid Sick Syndromes: Conditions of abnormal THYROID HORMONES release in patients with apparently normal THYROID GLAND during severe systemic illness, physical TRAUMA, and psychiatric disturbances. It can be caused by the loss of endogenous hypothalamic input or by exogenous drug effects. The most common abnormality results in low T3 THYROID HORMONE with progressive decrease in THYROXINE; (T4) and TSH. Elevated T4 with normal T3 may be seen in diseases in which THYROXINE-BINDING GLOBULIN synthesis and release are increased.Efficiency: Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Musculoskeletal Pain: Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Social Work, Psychiatric: Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Housekeeping: The care and management of property.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Work Schedule Tolerance: Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.Guilt: Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.Employer Health Costs: That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.DenmarkSomatoform Disorders: Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)FinlandPhysical Therapists: Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Personnel Management: Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Occupational Therapy: Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.Joint DiseasesRegression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Personnel Turnover: A change or shift in personnel due to reorganization, resignation, or discharge.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Quarantine: Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Semiconductors: Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.Slovenia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Professional Autonomy: The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular: A thyroid neoplasm of mixed papillary and follicular arrangement. Its biological behavior and prognosis is the same as that of a papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1271)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Retirement: The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.Ventilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.GermanyHuman Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Chronic Pain: Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.BelgiumClinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.

*  Sick Leave Banks | Human Resources | UMass Amherst

Sick Leave Banks. University Sick Leave Banks (SLB) have been established to secure income for members who are on an approved, ... are members of the Sick Leave Bank;. * have approved sick leave due to a non-work related disability (illness or injury); or to ... PSU/MTA Sick Leave Bank (SLB). The PSU/MTA SLB is intended to provide paid leave time to members who:. *are absent from work ... MSP Sick Leave Bank (SLB). MSP SLB Parental Leave Application Process. Upon request, the following MSP-represented employees ...
umass.edu/humres/sick-leave-banks

*  Attendance on Demand Releases White Paper on Paid Sick Leave

announces the release of a white paper discussing the new paid sick leave legislation ... Some paid sick leave laws include "carve-outs" which can exclude certain types of employees from paid sick leave. Companies can ... announces the release of a white paper discussing the new paid sick leave legislation that is sweeping the nation. Paid sick ... HR departments need to be aware of four common obligations most paid sick leave laws contain: accrual and usage rules, sick ...
prweb.com/releases/2015/01/prweb12446370.htm

*  Sick leave | Leave | UNISON National

Most members will need to take sick leave at some point in their working lives. ... Sick leave is defined as a period of absence from work due to health. ... Sick leave. Who is entitled to sick pay?. Generally, if you are employed in the UK you are entitled to statutory sick pay when ... Do I need a sick note to take sick leave?. Initially, no. Your employer can request that you obtain a sick note from the eighth ...
https://unison.org.uk/get-help/knowledge/leave/sick-leave/

*  SHRM: Rhode Island Paid-Sick-Leave Bill Is Too Inflexible

... and Safe Families and Workplaces Act would require private employers in the state to give workers up to 56 hours of paid sick ... leave each year. If enacted, this legislation would hurt employers' ability to be competitive. ... Leave Policy: Vacation Accrual While on Leave Leave Benefits: PTO: Can we require an employee to use paid time off (PTO) if he ... Under the bill, employees in the state would accrue a minimum of one hour of paid sick and 'safe' leave for every 30 hours ...
https://shrm.org/resourcesandtools/legal-and-compliance/state-and-local-updates/pages/rhode-island-paid-sick-leave-bill-is-too-inflexible.aspx

*  USA/MTA Sick Leave Bank Application | Human Resources | UMass Amherst

... sick leave, personal leave, comp time, and all but ten days of accrued vacation leave prior to drawing from the Bank. The Sick ... USA/MTA Sick Leave Bank Application. USA_MTA Leave and SLB application 032817.pdf ... Article 10 Sick Leave Bank of the USA/MTA Bargaining Contract states that, if approved, a member may draw upon the Bank five (5 ... Leave Bank Committee considers applications for paid time beyond those accruals based on information provided by the employee ...
umass.edu/humres/usamta-sick-leave-bank-application

*  Embattled president ends sick leave - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk

Ukraine's president will return today from sick leave that sparked speculation that he was taking himself out of action in ... Embattled president ends sick leave. Opposition supporters at a rally in Independence Square, Kiev (AP). ... During Mr Yanukovych's sick leave, a sense of stasis set in and neither side showed signs of movement. But his return to work ... Mr Yanukovych's sick leave was announced on Thursday, with his office saying he had an acute respiratory illness. But some ...
belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/world-news/embattled-president-ends-sick-leave-29974160.html

*  Paid sick leave: Number of annual days by service requirement Standard Errors

Paid sick leave: Number of annual days by service requirement Standard Errors. Table 35. Standard errors for paid sick leave: ... 2Employees eligible for paid sick leave but who have not fulfilled the minimum service requirement are included as receiving 0 ...
https://bls.gov/ncs/ebs/benefits/2010/ownership/govt/table38b.htm

*  AFSCME Extension of Sick leave Procedures Memo | Human Resources | UMass Amherst

AFSCME Extension of Sick leave Procedures Memo. ESL Article 12 web.pdf ...
umass.edu/humres/afscme-extension-sick-leave-procedures-memo

*  Cuomo signs bill expanding sick leave for 9/11 workers - SFGate

Cuomo signs bill expanding sick leave for 9/11 workers. Published 7:26 pm, Monday, September 11, 2017 ... Andrew Cuomo on Monday, eligible workers will get unlimited paid sick leave at 100 percent of their regular salary dating back ... www.sfgate.com/news/article/Cuomo-signs-bill-expanding-sick-leave-for-9-11-12190015.php ... conditions after working at the World Trade Center site following the 9/11 terror attack are getting unlimited sick leave. ...
sfgate.com/news/article/Cuomo-signs-bill-expanding-sick-leave-for-9-11-12190015.php

*  North West tops sick leave table - Manchester Evening News

WORKERS in the North West have taken more sick leave than any other British employees. ... North West tops sick leave table. WORKERS in the North West have taken more sick leave than any other British employees. ... WORKERS in the North West have taken more sick leave than any other British employees. Around 12 per cent of the region's ... Jakki Stubbington of Benenden Healthcare said: 'Most workers will need to take sick leave at some time and in most cases it ...
manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/north-west-tops-sick-leave-1081261

*  Procedure 4-8: Sick Leave | San Jacinto College

Employees must take the amount of sick leave that corresponds with the assigned work schedule for that day.. The sick leave benefit for the first year of employment is prorated as of the first day of employment.. At the end of the fiscal year, any remaining personal business leave will be rolled into the sick leave balance. Personal business leave is intended for use in cases when an employee needs to be off of work, but the absence is not covered under sick leave.. Transfer of Sick Leave:. An employee of an institution of higher education or public education in Texas who is hired by San Jacinto College may transfer his or her unused accumulated sick leave to the College. The amount of transferred leave is limited to the accumulated balance at the former ...
sanjac.edu/procedure-4-8-sick-leave

*  sick leave | Stutheit Kalin

Starting in January 2014 employers located within the city of Portland who employ more than 6 workers are required to give their employees paid sick time off. The new law, called the Protected Sick Time Ordinance, states that for every 30 hours an employee works that employee will accrue one hour of paid sick leave. The employee can then use this time during the year. The employer must allow the employee to accrue this leave time for up to 40 hours per calendar year. The law only applies to employees who have worked at least 240 hours within the city of Portland's boundaries. The sick leave can be used to treat an employee's own mental or physical health condition or the health condition of a family member. No proof of illness such as a doctor's note is required in order for the employee to take the sick leave time. According to the city of Portland the ...
portlandemploymentattorney.com/tag/sick-leave/

*  Sick Leave Bank

The PGCEA Sick Leave Bank is a supplemental leave system designed for Unit 1 employees which issue payment for qualifying incapacitating personal illnesses
pgcea.org/leave-of-absence/sick-leave-bank/

*  Vacation and Sick Leave - FindLaw

The law does not require employers to offer vacation time and sick leave to employees. Nevertheless, many employers provide these benefits to full-time workers as a
smallbusiness.findlaw.com/employment-law-and-human-resources/vacation-and-sick-leave.html

*  Advocates and workers rally in Portland in support of mandatory paid sick leave - Bangor Daily News

The Labor Day rally and march kicked off a campaign that aims to require all employers in Maine's largest city to provide earned paid sick leave for employees.
bangordailynews.com/2017/09/04/news/portland/advocates-and-workers-rally-in-portland-in-support-of-mandatory-paid-sick-leave/

*  Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter Vetoes Paid Sick Leave Bill « CBS Philly

Mayor Nutter says the economy factored into his decision to veto a bill that would have mandated many businesses in the city give paid sick leave to workers.
philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2011/06/29/mayor-nutter-vetoes-paid-sick-leave-bill/

*  Hospital meals driven 15 miles by private taxi - Deadline News

The information was revealed by an anonymous employee at the hospital, who spoke out to a local paper, calling it a "ludicrous waste of money.". He said: "The chef at St Margaret's Hospital has been on sick leave for six months, so hospital management have started sending meals from PRI twice a day, seven days a week, using a taxi.. "They're using taxis instead of just replacing staff and it is a ludicrous waste of money. If you've ever been on a night out, you'll know the cost of using a taxi.. "There were millions of pounds spent on Perth's Murray Royal Hospital, but they didn't put a kitchen in there either. Meals are prepared at PRI and transported.. "The NHS has no problem in replacing middle management, but they won't replace kitchen staff, which makes it harder for everyone.. "It's farcical what money is being spent on.". Eben Wilson, director of Taxpayer Scotland hit out at the move, saying: "Once again we see how NHS planning can go terribly wrong.. "No doubt this ...
deadlinenews.co.uk/2015/11/13/hospital-meals-driven-15-miles-by-private-taxi/

*  Working While Sick | Family Values @ Work

More than 40 million American workers get no paid sick leave. They have to work when ill or take unpaid sick days, which can lead to financial hardship, or
familyvaluesatwork.org/converted/press-clips/working-while-sick

*  Unpacking holiday leave for sick staff - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk

The issue of whether a worker who is off sick is entitled to paid annual leave has been clarified somewhat by a decision of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) in January 2009.
belfasttelegraph.co.uk/business/analysis/help-advice/unpacking-holiday-leave-for-sick-staff-28467894.html

*  Why I've realised it was selfish to leave having children until my 40s | Daily Mail Online

Barbara, now 55, had her daughters Thea and Izzy when she was 40 and 45. Her husband, Peter, was aged 48 and 54. Now she wishes they hadn't left parenthood so late.
dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2850987/Why-ve-realised-selfish-leave-having-children-40s-Barbara-used-believe-older-women-better-mothers-age-catches-says-couldn-t-wrong.html

Sick leave: Sick leave (or paid sick days or sick pay) is time off from work that workers can use to stay home to address their health and safety needs without losing pay. Paid sick leave is a statutory requirement in many nations around the world.Swedish Social Insurance Agency: The Swedish Social Insurance Agency () is a government agency in Sweden that administers social insurance in Sweden.Natural experiment: A natural experiment is an empirical study in which individuals (or clusters of individuals) exposed to the experimental and control conditions are determined by nature or by other factors outside the control of the investigators, yet the process governing the exposures arguably resembles random assignment. Thus, natural experiments are observational studies and are not controlled in the traditional sense of a randomized experiment.Sick sinus syndromeFlorida Division of Vocational Rehabilitation: Florida Division of Vocational Rehabilitation is a federal-state program in the U.S.Pensioner: A pensioner is a person who collects a pension, most commonly because of a retirement from the workforce. This is a term typically used in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Australia where someone of pensionable age may also be referred to as an 'old age pensioner', or OAP.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Meredith EatonClimate change in Sweden: The issue of climate change has received significant public and political attention in Sweden and the mitigation of its effects has been high on the agenda of the two latest Governments of Sweden, the previous Cabinet of Göran Persson (-2006) and the current Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006-). Sweden aims for an energy supply system with zero net atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.Andrea Arntzen: Carla Andrea Arntzen (29 August 1875 – 13 April 1958) was a Norwegian nursing teacher, and co-founder of the Norwegian Nurses' Union.Netherlands national rollball team: Vishwaraj JadejaBasic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.Indoor bioaerosol: Indoor bioaerosol is bioaerosol in an indoor environment. Bioaerosols are natural or artificial particles of biological (microbial, plant, or animal) origin suspended in the air.Low back painHospital of Southern Norway: [[Sørlandet Hospital Arendal, seen from the north.|thumb|200px]]Appeal to accomplishment: Appeal to accomplishment is a genetic fallacy wherein Person A challenges a thesis put forward by Person B because Person B has not accomplished similar feats or accomplished as many feats as Person C or Person A.International Disability and Development Consortium: The International Disability and Development Consortium (IDDC) is a global consortium of disability and development related organisations. The aim of IDDC is to promote inclusive development internationally, with a special focus on promoting human rights for all disabled people living in economically poor communities in lower and middle-income countries.Avijit Lahiri: Avijit Lahiri is a researcher in cardiology[http://www.journals.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Job satisfaction: Job satisfaction or employee satisfaction has been defined in many different ways. Some believe it is simply how content an individual is with his or her job, in other words, whether or not they like the job or individual aspects or facets of jobs, such as nature of work or supervision.Euthyroid sick syndromeSupplemental Security Income: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled.(SSA "Supplemental Security Income (SSI)" p.Rehetobel: Rehetobel is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland.Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation: The Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation (ONCC) was established for the development, administration, and evaluation of a program for certification in oncology nursing. Incorporated in 1984 and governed by a board of directors, ONCC is the certifying body for oncology nursing and meets standards established by the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification and the National Commission for Certifying Agencies.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingMultiple disabilitiesJournal of Musculoskeletal Pain: The Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain is a quarterly Peer review-peer-reviewed medical journal covering research on chronic muscle and bone pain, including fibromyalgia, myofascial pain, and other types of musculoskeletal pain. It is published by Informa Healthcare.Occupational Medicine (journal): Occupational Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering occupational medicine, including occupational health psychology and organizational psychology that is published eight times per year by Oxford University Press. It covers "work-related injury and illness, accident and illness prevention, health promotion, occupational disease, health education, the establishment and implementation of health and safety standards, monitoring of the work environment, and the management of recognized hazards".Sandra Sully (songwriter): Sandra Sully is a songwriter who co-wrote Bobby Womack's "If You Think You're Lonely Now". BMI Website, Songwriter Sandra Sully In 2006 she was credited as a co-writer of Mariah Carey's Grammy Award–winning song "We Belong Together" which incorporated part of "If You're Think You're Lonely Now".Hands of a Working Man: "Hands of a Working Man" is a song written by D. Vincent Williams and Jim Collins, and recorded by American country music artist Ty Herndon.Mental disorderSelf-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Shift work: Shift work is an employment practice designed to make use of, or provide service across, all 24 hours of the clock each day of the week (abbreviated as 24/7). The practice typically sees the day divided into shifts, set periods of time during which different groups of workers perform their duties.Vincible ignorance: Vincible ignorance is, in Catholic ethics, a moral or doctrinal matter that could have been removed by diligence reasonable to the circumstances. It contrasts with invincible ignorance, which can not be removed at all, or only by supererogatory efforts (i.Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences (Aarhus University): The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences is a faculty of Aarhus University. The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences became a reality after Aarhus University was divided into four new main academic areas which came into effect on 1 January 2011.Australia–Finland relations: Australia–Finland relations are foreign relations between the Australia and Finland. Diplomatic relations were established on 31 May 1949.Car tuningCross-training (business)Stressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Occupational therapy in SeychellesRegression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Office of Workers' Compensation Programs: The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who experience work-related injury or occupational disease.http://www.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.QuarantineOrganic semiconductor: An organic semiconductor is an organic material with semiconductor properties, that is, with an electrical conductivity between that of insulators and that of metals. Single molecules, oligomers, and organic polymers can be semiconductive.List of birds of Slovenia: This is a list of the bird species recorded in Slovenia. The avifauna of Slovenia include a total of 376 species, of which four have been introduced by humans and five are rare or accidental.Avoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.Anglican Retirement Villages, Diocese of Sydney: Anglican Retirement Villages, Diocese of Sydney (ARV) is a not-for-profit public benevolent institution formed in 1959. This inception date places ARV as one of the founding entities of the social service now referred to as retirement or seniors living.Exhaust systemIncremental cost-effectiveness ratio: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) is a statistic used in cost-effectiveness analysis to summarise the cost-effectiveness of a health care intervention. It is defined by the difference in cost between two possible interventions, divided by the difference in their effect.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:DenplanBaden, Lower Saxony: Baden is a town near Bremen, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is known to Africanists and Phoneticians as the place where Diedrich Hermann Westermann was born and died.Human factors and ergonomics: Human factors and ergonomics (HF&E), also known as comfort design, functional design, and user-friendly systems,Ergonomics in Thesaurus.com is the practice of designing products, systems or processes to take proper account of the interaction between them and the people who use them.Chronic painPain scale: A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features. Pain scales are based on self-report, observational (behavioral), or physiological data.Meridian of Antwerp: The meridan of Antwerp is one of several prime meridians that have been used for geographic referencing. It is running through the city of Antwerp, in Flanders, Belgium, and forming the 0° longitude upon which some Belgian maps were based.Pavement life-cycle cost analysis: In September 1998, the United States Department of Transportation (DoT) introduced risk analysis, a probabilistic approach to account for the uncertainty of the inputs of the cost/benefit evaluation of pavement projects, into its decision-making policies. The traditional (deterministic) approach did not consider the variability of inputs.

(1/934) A chiropractic service arrangement for musculoskeletal complaints in industry: a pilot study.

Chiropractic services are commonly used by workers with musculoskeletal problems, especially low back and neck complaints. Research into the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this approach is, however, difficult to design without prior pilot studies. This study followed 32 workers with these complaints attending one such service and used five measures of outcome over a 6-month period. These measured pain (VAS), disability (FLP), quality of life (SF-36), perceived benefit and satisfaction with care. Additionally, sickness costs to the companies were recorded over two years encompassing the study period. Treatment utilization was also monitored. Over half the population were chronic sufferers. The effect sizes were large for pain and for seven out of eight dimensions of the SF-36 questionnaire at 6-month follow-up, although not for disability (FLP). High levels of satisfaction and perceived improvement were reported and sickness costs to the companies fell. However, the sample size in this pilot study was small and did not include controls. We would, therefore, recommend a full cost-effectiveness study incorporating a randomized trial in this area.  (+info)

(2/934) The impact of welfare reform on parents' ability to care for their children's health.

OBJECTIVES: Most of the national policy debate regarding welfare assumed that if middle-income mothers could balance work while caring for their children's health and development, mothers leaving welfare for work should be able to do so as well. Yet, previous research has not examined the conditions faced by mothers leaving welfare for work. METHODS: Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this study examined the availability of benefits that working parents commonly use to meet the health and developmental needs of their children; paid sick leave, vacation leave, and flexible hours. RESULTS: In comparison with mothers who had never received welfare, mothers who had been on Aid to Families with Dependent Children were more likely to be caring for at least 1 child with a chronic condition (37% vs 21%, respectively). Yet, they were more likely to lack sick leave for the entire time they worked (36% vs 20%) and less likely to receive other paid leave or flexibility. CONCLUSIONS: If current welfare recipients face similar conditions when they return to work, many will face working conditions that make it difficult or impossible to succeed in the labor force at the same time as meeting their children's health and developmental needs.  (+info)

(3/934) Prognosis of accidental low back pain at work.

Accidental low back pain at the workplace was classified into two groups; 177 cases of the organic type and 176 cases of the non-specific type. Concerning the recuperation period, the length of leave, and the amount of compensation for recuperation, medical cost and leave of absence, a comparison was made between two groups. Regarding age, sex, and the type of work, no difference was found between the organic and the non-specific groups. However, the non-specific group showed lower values than the organic one for the duration of recuperation and leave and the amount of compensation for medical cost and leave of absence. Multiple regression analysis showed that the difference in the type of low back pain had more influence on the duration and cost than that in sex and age. The prognosis of non-specific low back pain is better than that of organic one in terms of cost and duration.  (+info)

(4/934) Back pain prevalence in US industry and estimates of lost workdays.

OBJECTIVES: Back pain is the most common reason for filing workers' compensation claims and often causes lost workdays. Data from the 1988 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed to identify high-risk industries and to estimate the prevalence of work-related back pain and number of workdays lost. METHODS: Analyses included 30074 respondents who worked during the 12 months before the interview. A case patient was defined as a respondent who had back pain every day for a week or more during that period. RESULTS: The prevalence of lost-workday back pain was 4.6%, and individuals with work-related cases lost 101.8 million workdays owing to back pain. Male and female case patients lost about the same number of workdays. Industries in high-risk categories were also identified for future research and intervention, including those seldom studied. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides statistically reliable national estimates of the prevalence of back pain among workers and the enormous effect of this condition on American industry in terms of lost workdays.  (+info)

(5/934) Are risk factors for atherothrombotic disease associated with back pain sickness absence? The Whitehall II Study.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore the previously stated hypothesis that risk factors for atherothrombotic disease are associated with back pain. DESIGN: Prospective (mean of four years of follow up) and retrospective analyses using two main outcome measures: (a) short (< or = 7 days) and long (> 7 days) spells of sickness absence because of back pain reported separately in men and women; (b) consistency of effect across the resulting four duration of spell and sex cells. SETTING: 14 civil service departments in London. PARTICIPANTS: 3506 male and 1380 female white office-based civil servants, aged 35-55 years at baseline. MAIN RESULTS: In age adjusted models, low apo AI was associated with back pain across all four duration-sex cells and smoking was associated across three cells. Six factors were associated with back pain in two cells: low exercise and high BMI, waist-hip ratio, triglycerides, insulin and Lp(a). On full adjustment (for age, BMI, employment grade and back pain at baseline), each of these factors retained a statistically significant effect in at least one duration-sex cell. Triglycerides were associated with short and long spells of sickness absence because of back pain in men in fully adjusted models with rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) of 1.53 (1.1, 2.1) and 1.75 (1.0, 3.2) respectively. There was little or no evidence of association in age adjusted models with: fibrinogen, glucose tolerance, total cholesterol, apoB, hypertension, factor VII, von Willebrand factor, electrocardiographic evidence of coronary heart disease and reported angina. CONCLUSIONS: In this population of office workers, only modest support was found for an atherothrombotic component to back pain sickness absence. However, the young age of participants at baseline and the lack of distinction between different types of back pain are likely to bias the findings toward null. Further research is required to ascertain whether a population sub-group of atherothrombotic back pain can be identified.  (+info)

(6/934) Longitudinal, population-based study of self reported alcohol habits, high levels of sickness absence, and disability pensions.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relation between self reported hazardous drinking on the one hand and high sickness absence and/or disability pensions in both sexes on the other hand. DESIGN: The study is based on data from a health survey, Stockholm Health of the Population Study, conducted in 1984. The mailed questionnaire covered alcohol consumption. Three different measures of alcohol habits were used: usual alcohol consumption, consumption during the previous week, and answers to the four CAGE questions on problem drinking. Information from the health survey and data from a subsequent health examination were related to information from the National Swedish Social Insurance Board for the year 1984 and the years 1986 to 1991 concerning sick leave and disability pensioning. SETTING: Four primary health care districts in Stockholm County. PARTICIPANTS: The study group included persons who were aged 20 to 52 years in 1984, who answered the questionnaire (by mail or by telephone), and who participated in the health examination. The study group comprised 985 women and 870 men fulfilling the criteria for inclusion out of 6217 subjects aged 18 years and over randomly drawn. MAIN RESULTS: In both sexes, a consistent pattern of increased sickness absence was seen for high consumers and for those with indications of problem drinking. In most comparisons, a clearly increased relative risk, although not always statistically significant, for an average of at least 60 sick days per year or for a disability pension during follow up was found. In multivariate analysis, controlling for age, socioeconomic group, smoking habits, and self reported health, a small reduction in the relative risks was found, suggesting that these factors could explain only a small part of the relative risks. The risks for abstainers were higher than for low and moderate consumers. CONCLUSIONS: The effects of alcohol on subsequent high levels of sickness absence five to seven years after baseline as well as on the occurrence of disability pensions suggested that there is an effect on working incapacity independent of baseline health status, smoking, and socioeconomic group.  (+info)

(7/934) Relation between indicators for quality of occupational rehabilitation of employees with low back pain.

OBJECTIVES: To assess if the implementation of guidelines for occupational rehabilitation of patients with low back pain by means of process variables--a set of objective criteria for technical performance and continuity of care--led to a better outcome in clinical and return to work variables. METHODS: The study group consisted of 59 patients with at least 10 days of sick leave because of low back pain. Univariate analyses as well as multiple logistic regression and Cox's regression analyses were performed to assess the relation between quality of care and outcome. RESULTS: Process indicators for technical competence, continuity of care, and total performance were all significantly related to satisfaction of employees. Continuity of care and total performance were significantly related to working status at 3 months, and time to return to work. None of the process indicators was related to pain or disability after 3 months follow up. Satisfaction was not related to any of the other outcome variables. This indicates that if guidelines for occupational rehabilitation are met, outcome is better. CONCLUSION: Quality of the process of care was related to outcome. Interventions of occupational physicians need improvement in the areas of continuity of care and communication with treating physicians. The effectiveness of an improved intervention should be studied in a subsequent randomised clinical trial.  (+info)

(8/934) Follow up investigation of workers in synthetic fibre plants with humidifier disease and work related asthma.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and sociomedical outcome in patients with various clinical manifestations of humidifier disease and work related asthma after removal from further exposure. METHODS: Follow up investigation (range 1-13 years) of respiratory symptoms, spirometry, airway responsiveness, sickness absence, and working situation in patients with (I) humidifier fever (n = 12), (II) obstructive type of humidifier lung (n = 8), (III) restrictive type of humidifier lung (n = 4), and (IV) work related asthma (n = 22). All patients were working at departments in synthetic fibre plants with microbiological exposure from contaminated humidification systems or exposure to small particles (< 1 micron) of oil mist. RESULTS: At follow up patients with work related asthma were less often symptom free (37%, 7/19) than patients with humidifier disease (I, II, III) (67%, 16/24). Mean forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of patients with obstructive impairment had been increased significantly at follow up but still remained below the predicted value. Mean forced vital capacity (FVC) of patients with initially restrictive impairment had returned to normal values at follow up. Airway hyperresponsiveness at diagnosis persisted in patients with obstructive impairment (II + IV 14/17, but disappeared in patients with humidifier fever (3/3) and restrictive type of humidifier lung (2/2). In patients with obstructive impairment (II + IV), FVC and FEV1 at diagnosis were negatively associated with the duration between onset of symptoms and diagnosis and the number of years of exposure. Those with positive pre-employment history of respiratory disease had a lower FEV1 at diagnosis. Sickness absence due to respiratory symptoms decreased in all groups of patients after removal from further exposure, but this was most impressive in patients with the humidifier lung (II, III) and patients with work related asthma (IV). At follow up 83% of the patients were still at work at the same production site, whereas 11% received a disability pension because of respiratory disease. CONCLUSION: In patients with work related respiratory disease caused by exposure from contaminated humidification systems or oil mist, removal from further exposure resulted in clinical improvement, although, especially in those with obstructive impairment, signs persisted. Because of the possibility of transferring patients to exposure-free departments most patients could be kept at work.  (+info)



accrue sick


  • SLB members do not accrue sick or vacation time while drawing from the SLB. (umass.edu)
  • SLB members do not accrue sick or vacation time while drawing from the SLB.The PSU/MTA SLB Guidelines provide an overview of SLB eligibility and qualifying circumstances. (umass.edu)
  • The Society for Human Resource Management website features a sick leave for employee and family member policy sample that describes the purpose of the policy, how employees accrue sick leave and how an employee may use accrued sick leave. (reference.com)

employers


  • Rhode Island's proposed Healthy and Safe Families and Workplaces Act would require private employers in the state to give workers up to 56 hours of paid sick leave each year. (shrm.org)
  • Should employers be forced to offer paid sick leave? (theweek.com)
  • Some employers say their workers abuse paid sick days, calling in sick on Mondays and Fridays in disproportionate numbers. (theweek.com)
  • Opponents argue that the price of paid sick days is too high for many employers to pay, especially during a recession. (womensenews.org)
  • In one advisory, the C.D.C. encouraged employers "to develop nonpunitive leave policies. (nytimes.com)
  • Employers who do not offer sick days are not prepared to offer them now, and they recognize that this may result in not achieving what they say they would like, which is that people who are sick stay home. (nytimes.com)
  • Sometimes you talk about legislation in the abstract, but this is making people begin to understand the problem," said Rosa DeLauro, Democrat of Connecticut and lead sponsor in the House of a bill, with more than 100 co-sponsors, that would require employers with 15 or more workers to provide seven paid sick days a year. (nytimes.com)
  • They say that employers already allow and even encourage sick employees to stay home. (nytimes.com)
  • The vast majority of employers provide paid leave of some sort," said Randel K. Johnson, senior vice president for labor at the United States Chamber of Commerce. (nytimes.com)
  • National and multi-jurisdiction employers are struggling to develop paid sick leave policies that meet all of the requirements of all of these laws. (lexology.com)
  • Voters there in 2006 approved mandatory, paid sick days for all employers. (seattlepi.com)

employees


  • Some paid sick leave laws include "carve-outs" which can exclude certain types of employees from paid sick leave. (prweb.com)
  • According to the bill's text , more than 40 percent of private-sector employees in Rhode Island don't have paid-sick-time benefits. (shrm.org)
  • Under the bill, employees in the state would accrue a minimum of one hour of paid sick and 'safe' leave for every 30 hours worked-up to 56 hours per year. (shrm.org)
  • 2 Employees eligible for paid sick leave but who have not fulfilled the minimum service requirement are included as receiving 0 days. (bls.gov)
  • NEW YORK (AP) - First responders and other state employees who developed health conditions after working at the World Trade Center site following the 9/11 terror attack are getting unlimited sick leave. (sfgate.com)
  • Cuomo's office says similar paid leave benefits are currently available for New York City police, fire, corrections and sanitation employees. (sfgate.com)
  • WORKERS in the North West have taken more sick leave than any other British employees. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
  • Last year, 32 percent of small businesses provided employees with paid sick leave, down from 39 percent in 2009. (theweek.com)
  • The percentage varies within industries and regions: For example, 82 percent of restaurant workers and 64 percent of retail employees in New York City do not get paid sick leave. (theweek.com)
  • The problem is only getting worse , with only 32 percent of small businesses (those with fewer than 50 employees) providing paid sick leave in 2011, down from 39 percent in 2009. (theweek.com)
  • As Chipotle's outbreaks of norovirus, E. coli and salmonella last year showed, the consequences of sick restaurant employees coming to work can be devastating. (buzzfeed.com)
  • We all need to commit today not to let this happen again: we must not allow employees to work when they are sick. (buzzfeed.com)
  • While a number of restaurant chains, such as Starbucks, offer employees some paid time off that they can use when ill, they do not have paid sick leave policy per se, except in states and cities that require it. (buzzfeed.com)
  • The chain said it offers three paid sick days a year, and in cases where exceptionally sick employees are sent home and told not to work for five days, they will still be paid. (buzzfeed.com)
  • In September, President Obama signed an Executive Order requiring federal contractors to allow their employees to earn up to seven days of paid sick leave per year, effective 2017. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Public health experts worried about the spread of the H1N1 flu are raising concerns that workers who deal with the public, like waiters and child care employees, are jeopardizing others by reporting to work sick because they do not get paid for days they miss for illness. (nytimes.com)
  • Despite such recommendations, some employees say they have no choice but to go to work sick. (nytimes.com)
  • A) Employees shall report their absence prior to or at the beginning of any period of sick leave use and daily thereafter, unless prearranged, and shall report all sick leave usage on the standard university form. (cwu.edu)

President Obama


  • In January, Connecticut became the first state in the country to require businesses to offer paid sick leave, and President Obama has proposed passing a nationwide mandate. (theweek.com)
  • Well before President Obama declared H1N1 a national emergency, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was emphasizing that businesses should adopt "flexible leave policies" to allow workers with the flu to stay home. (nytimes.com)

legislation


  • Attendance on Demand, Inc. announces the release of a white paper discussing the new paid sick leave legislation that is sweeping the nation. (prweb.com)
  • Norovirus is so pervasive in our industry, and it's because chains lobby through the NRA [National Restaurant Association] against paid sick leave legislation," she said. (buzzfeed.com)
  • 22 local jurisdictions including New York City, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and a few cities in New Jersey have enacted legislation or approved paid sick leave programs by voter referendum. (buzzfeed.com)
  • When he moves into the governor's mansion next month, Connecticut will be poised to become the first state to enact legislation allowing workers to earn paid sick days, according to the National Partnership for Women and Families in Washington, D.C. (womensenews.org)
  • Paid sick days laws have been passed in San Francisco, Milwaukee and Washington, D.C., but no state has passed similar legislation. (womensenews.org)
  • Many worker groups and women's groups have seized on the H1N1 pandemic to argue that Congress should enact legislation guaranteeing paid sick days. (nytimes.com)

Francisco


  • In addition to Connecticut, several cities require paid sick leave, including San Francisco, Milwaukee, and Washington, D.C. Massachusetts is also considering a mandate. (theweek.com)

days


  • Prior to drawing from the SLB a member must be out of work for ten work days and exhaust all accrued sick and personal time and all but ten days of accrued vacation time. (umass.edu)
  • After securing an approved leave and an approved PSU/MTA SLB application and prior to drawing from the SLB a member must first exhaust all accrued sick leave, all personal leave and all but ten (10) days of accrued vacation leave. (umass.edu)
  • If you earn over £112 per week and are incapable of working for more than four days in a row, you are entitled to Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) of £88.45 per week from the fourth working day on which you are unable to attend work. (unison.org.uk)
  • You are not entitled to SSP for the first three working days of your sick leave, but you will receive SSP from the fourth day onwards until you return to work. (unison.org.uk)
  • If you are on sick leave for four or more periods of four to seven days in a single year, your employer may wish to contact HM Revenue and Customs, who may, in turn, contact Medical Services. (unison.org.uk)
  • If you earn over £109 per week, are incapacitated for 4 or more days consecutively you are entitled to statutory Sick Pay of £86.70 per week from the fourth day of absence from work. (unison.org.uk)
  • The time would begin accruing at the start of employment, and workers would be able to start using accrued leave after 90 calendar days. (shrm.org)
  • Article 10 Sick Leave Bank of the USA/MTA Bargaining Contract states that, if approved, a member may draw upon the Bank five (5) working days after the exhaustion of the members' sick leave, personal leave, comp time, and all but ten days of accrued vacation leave prior to drawing from the Bank. (umass.edu)
  • Jakki Stubbington of Benenden Healthcare said: 'Most workers will need to take sick leave at some time and in most cases it will only usually last a few days, but as the research shows, some are taking off far more time, which can be costly to the employer. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
  • Nationwide, only two-thirds of American workers have access to paid sick leave, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics , but in the restaurant industry it is far lower: an estimated 90% of restaurant workers don't receive paid sick days, according to the ROC. (buzzfeed.com)
  • i) The employer must approve up to five days of accumulated sick leave each occurrence. (wa.gov)
  • In so doing, I gave up a salaried position with benefits, including paid sick days. (womensenews.org)
  • Our kids are in good overall health (knock on wood), and so far we haven't much missed the benefit of paid sick days. (womensenews.org)
  • Supporters should continue to make these arguments, panelists said, but they should also talk up the benefits that paid sick days provide to the national work force and economy. (womensenews.org)
  • For me, paid sick days equals more financial and job security. (womensenews.org)
  • Dan Malloy, Connecticut's new governor, understood all this during the campaign, calling paid sick days a basic right of all workers. (womensenews.org)
  • Tens of millions of people, or about 40 percent of all private-sector workers, do not receive paid sick days, and as a result many of them cannot afford to stay home when they are ill. (nytimes.com)
  • Even some companies that provide paid sick days have policies that make it difficult to call in sick, like giving demerits each time someone misses a day. (nytimes.com)
  • The temp agency that placed her does not offer her paid sick days. (nytimes.com)
  • Georges C. Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, a group of 30,000 public health professionals, said, "Providing workers with paid sick days is essential if we're going to get serious about the public health recommendations for swine flu - stay home until 24 hours after your fever is broken. (nytimes.com)
  • 2. An employee who seeks to take sick leave due to the deployment or return from deployment of a military spouse must provide their supervisor with notice within 5 business days of receiving official notice of an impending call or order to active duty or a leave from the deployment of the employee's intention to take leave. (cwu.edu)
  • As we have noted repeatedly, the patchwork challenge has nothing to do with the social question of whether there should or should not be paid sick days. (lexology.com)
  • A group that has been pushing for paid sick days for all workers in Seattle says it will reveal a new plan Tuesday at City Hall, one that has the support of some business owners. (seattlepi.com)
  • The Economic Opportunity Institute estimates nearly 200,000 workers in Seattle get no paid sick days. (seattlepi.com)

employer


  • This is the minimum legal amount your employer must pay you for up to 28 weeks of sick leave. (unison.org.uk)
  • You should inform your employer as soon as possible of your sick leave. (unison.org.uk)
  • Your employer can request that you obtain a sick note from the eighth day of your illness. (unison.org.uk)
  • The employer may require medical verification or certification of the reason for sick leave use in accordance with the employer's leave policy. (wa.gov)
  • An employer may require the request for leave under this section be supported by verification in accordance with WAC 357-31-730 . (wa.gov)
  • Ever since I first gave birth three and a half years ago, I have taken heavy advantage of paid sick leave benefits offered by my employer to manage everything from the seasonal flu to the croup to a fever-induced seizure. (womensenews.org)

statutory


  • Generally, if you are employed in the UK you are entitled to statutory sick pay when unable to work due to incapacity. (unison.org.uk)
  • There are limited circumstances in which you may still be entitled to statutory sick pay if you work abroad. (unison.org.uk)
  • What is the statutory level of sick pay? (reference.com)

employee


  • Additionally, the leave could be used when an employee's place of business or a child's school is closed due to a public health emergency or in some circumstances when the employee or a family member poses a threat of exposure to a communicable disease. (shrm.org)
  • The Sick Leave Bank Committee considers applications for paid time beyond those accruals based on information provided by the employee and their physician(s). (umass.edu)
  • WAC 357-31-130: When can an employee use accrued sick leave? (wa.gov)
  • The Web page also provides links to additional resources, information on limiting employee sick leave abuse and special policy considerations. (reference.com)
  • How do you write an employee sick leave policy? (reference.com)
  • Writing an employee sick leave policy starts with developing the terms of the policy. (reference.com)

illness


  • are absent from work due to a non-work related injury or illness where there is a reasonable expectation, based on medical documentation, of the member returning to the position held at the time a medical leave due to the illness or injury began. (umass.edu)
  • are absent from work due to parental leave or serious illness of a family household member. (umass.edu)
  • Mr Yanukovych's sick leave was announced on Thursday, with his office saying he had an acute respiratory illness. (belfasttelegraph.co.uk)
  • Chipotle is now raising awareness of the need for workers to stay home when sick and has tightened protocols for addressing illness in the restaurant. (buzzfeed.com)

time


  • need paid leave time until an approved application for Long-Term Disability Insurance benefit becomes effective. (umass.edu)
  • In order to comply with new laws, HR departments need to be aware of four common obligations most paid sick leave laws contain: accrual and usage rules, sick leave pay rates, "missed" work time provisions, and record keeping. (prweb.com)
  • If a company is unsure of the system it needs to track paid sick leave, chances are it comes down to a payroll or time and attendance system," said Beth Baerman, Director of Corporate Communications at Attendance on Demand, Inc. "A time and attendance system is a better fit for a proactive approach since payroll happens after sick time has already been used. (prweb.com)
  • Once you know your legal obligations, a time and attendance system can help with tracking paid sick leave. (prweb.com)
  • you are on sick leave for long periods of time. (unison.org.uk)
  • If the Rhode Island bill passes, the state would join only California in implementing both statewide paid family leave and paid sick time. (shrm.org)
  • The paid leave could also be used as 'safe time' for victims of domestic violence, sexual abuse or stalking. (shrm.org)
  • As for requesting time off, Fernandez responded that "flexibility with regards to scheduling, whether it's sick time or personal time. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Chipotle did not respond to emailed inquiries about whether paid sick leave was offered to all workers or only those who had been with the company for some time. (buzzfeed.com)
  • The hearing was told Ms Ashton was on sick leave for three months from June 27, 2006, and worked five shifts for the agency during that time. (walesonline.co.uk)

Committee


  • A prison nurse who worked for an agency while on sick leave was cautioned by a conduct committee today. (walesonline.co.uk)

parental


  • k) For qualifying absences under the Family and Medical Leave Act for parental leave for the purpose of bonding with his/her newborn, adoptive, or foster child in accordance with WAC 357-31-495 . (wa.gov)

workers


  • Under the bill, signed by Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo on Monday, eligible workers will get unlimited paid sick leave at 100 percent of their regular salary dating back to their diagnosis. (sfgate.com)
  • Around 12 per cent of the region's workers have taken more than three weeks off sick in the past year, according to new research today. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
  • Younger workers aged under 24 were more likely to be off sick. (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
  • With the lackluster economy deflating the profits of many small businesses, a growing number no longer offer their workers paid sick leave, according to a recent study . (theweek.com)
  • How many workers in the U.S. have paid sick leave? (theweek.com)
  • In the private sector, only 60 percent of workers get paid when they stay home sick. (theweek.com)
  • What's baffling is that companies - and restaurants in particular - haven't tried harder to keep sick workers home all along. (buzzfeed.com)
  • The lack of paid leave in an industry largely staffed by low-income workers creates a dangerous incentive. (buzzfeed.com)
  • In a nationwide survey of 4,323 restaurant workers conducted by the Restaurant Opportunities Center (ROC), a worker advocacy group, two out of three workers reported cooking, preparing, and serving food while sick. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Business owners had complained that requiring sick leave would be an economic hardship and could prevent them from hiring more workers or offering other benefits - like health insurance. (seattlepi.com)

Attendance


  • The practical challenge is the proliferation of leave and attendance laws and how they interact with each other. (lexology.com)

laws


  • We recommend speaking with legal counsel if there are any questions about any paid sick leave laws or if your company qualifies for exceptions or exemption," said Baerman. (prweb.com)
  • Although a number of cities have paid-sick-leave ordinances, only seven states have passed such laws . (shrm.org)

take


  • Injuries and illnesses at work do not affect your right to take sick leave or be paid sick pay. (unison.org.uk)
  • Do I need a sick note to take sick leave? (unison.org.uk)
  • There's no financial leeway to take even temporary leave of work and more often than not there's no sick pay. (womensenews.org)
  • If you're sick, they encourage you to stay home, but I couldn't afford to take off if I wasn't going to get paid," said Ms. Carter, 29, who said she stuck to her small work area to avoid spreading the flu. (nytimes.com)

policy


  • Companies can even be excused if they already provide paid sick leave as long as the company's policy meets the criteria within the law. (prweb.com)
  • The amount of sick leave allowed to be used must be addressed in the employer's leave policy in accordance with WAC 357-31-100 . (wa.gov)
  • Where can you find sick leave policy samples? (reference.com)
  • Sick leave policy samples are available at SHRM.org, HRCouncil.ca and CTAS.Tennessee.edu, as of 2015. (reference.com)
  • Additional sources for sick leave policy samples and examples include SMEToolkit.org and BusinessManagementDaily.com. (reference.com)
  • I'm going to do what I have to do, and I'm going into work even though I'm sick,'" said Robert Blendon, a professor of health policy at Harvard. (nytimes.com)
  • This is a very difficult issue for companies," said Nina G. Stillman, a lawyer with Morgan, Lewis & Bockius who advises companies on sick-leave policy. (nytimes.com)

year


  • Ms Ashton said in her letter she had been harassed for about a year, but most noticeably for the six months prior to her taking sick leave. (walesonline.co.uk)

related to work


  • What if I am on sick leave because of mental health issues related to work? (unison.org.uk)

voted to offer


  • Mr Yanukovych's sick leave was announced the morning after the parliament voted to offer amnesty to many of those arrested during protests on condition that demonstrators vacate some of the buildings they occupy in Kiev and government buildings elsewhere in the country. (belfasttelegraph.co.uk)

policies


  • Business Management Daily features two sample sick leave policies. (reference.com)

nurse


  • Mandy Pillar, a nurse in Kansas, said students were coming to school sick because their parents had to work. (nytimes.com)
  • Ms Ashton, from Llanelli, South Wales, said in a letter read to the hearing that she worked for Direct Nursing Services while she was off sick to prove to herself she was still a good nurse. (walesonline.co.uk)

available


  • A) When accrued paid sick leave has been exhausted under this section, approved absence will be charged to other available paid leave before charging absence to leave without pay. (cwu.edu)

Bank


  • The Sick Leave Bank is not intended as a substitute for Long-Term Disability Insurance protection. (umass.edu)

Companies


  • Paid sick leave administration is becoming a necessity for most companies. (prweb.com)
  • This white paper examines ways companies can streamline their sick leave strategy. (prweb.com)

taken


  • If accrued sick leave is not sufficient to cover an authorized absence, the balance of the absence shall be taken without pay. (cwu.edu)

business


  • Last July, Chipotle rolled out paid sick leave, a surprisingly rare benefit in the restaurant business. (buzzfeed.com)

members


  • University Sick Leave Banks (SLB) have been established to secure income for members who are on an approved, qualifying leave where there is a reasonable expectation that the member will return to perform the essential functions of his or her job. (umass.edu)

sense


  • During Mr Yanukovych's sick leave, a sense of stasis set in and neither side showed signs of movement. (belfasttelegraph.co.uk)

another


  • Bottom line: Businesses see paid sick leave as another cost, and if a mandate is enforced, it will invariably force them to cut back in other areas, whether it's health care, salaries, or even new hires. (theweek.com)

return


  • Ukraine's president will return today from sick leave that sparked speculation that he was taking himself out of action in preparation to step down - or for a crackdown on widespread anti-government protests. (belfasttelegraph.co.uk)