Sex Workers: People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.Prostitution: The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.Condoms: A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Unsafe Sex: Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.Safe Sex: Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.IndiaSex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Collective Bargaining: The process of negotiation between representatives of an employee organization, association or union, and representatives of the employer.Condoms, Female: A soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath, closed at one end, with flexible rings at both ends. The device is inserted into the vagina by compressing the inner ring and pushing it in. Properly positioned, the ring at the closed end covers the cervix, and the sheath lines the walls of the vagina. The outer ring remains outside the vagina, covering the labia. (Med Lett Drugs Ther 1993 Dec 24;35(12):123)MexicoPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Transvestism: Disorder characterized by recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving cross-dressing in a heterosexual male. The fantasies, urges, or behaviors cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other areas of functioning. (from APA, DSM-IV, 1994)Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral: Viral diseases which are transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.Syphilis: A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.MoscowCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Transsexualism: Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Homosexuality, Male: Sexual attraction or relationship between males.Gonorrhea: Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Sex: The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.CambodiaNegotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Benin: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)Madagascar: One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)Transgendered Persons: Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Cote d'Ivoire: A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.PhilippinesMetallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial: Bacterial diseases transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.Dominican Republic: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)Power (Psychology): The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.VietnamHealth Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Chlamydia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.Sex Chromosomes: The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)HIV Seropositivity: Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Healthy Worker Effect: Phenomenon of workers' usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Voluntary Programs: Programs in which participation is not required.HIV: Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Sex Determination Processes: The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Vaginal Douching: The washing of the VAGINA cavity or surface with a solution. Agents or drugs can be added to the irrigation solution.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Trichomonas Infections: Infections in birds and mammals produced by various species of Trichomonas.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.PeruCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Nonoxynol: Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.AIDS Serodiagnosis: Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.ParaguayCervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.BangladeshZimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.HIV Seroprevalence: Studies of the number of cases where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is present in a specific population at a designated time. The presence in a given individual is determined by the finding of HIV antibodies in the serum (HIV SEROPOSITIVITY).Social Stigma: A perceived attribute that is deeply discrediting and is considered to be a violation of social norms.Sex Differentiation: The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Bhutan: A kingdom in the eastern Himalayas on the northeast border of India, bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Assam, on the south by Assam and West Bengal, and on the west by Sikkim and Tibet. From 1720 to 1970 it was under Chinese or Indian domination. In 1971 it became a member of the United Nations. The name comes from the Sanskrit bhota, the name for Tibet, + anta, end, with reference to its location at the southern extremity of Tibet. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p144 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p64)Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.HIV Seronegativity: Immune status consisting of non-production of HIV antibodies, as determined by various serological tests.Cities: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.Sex Attractants: Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Herpes Genitalis: Infection of the genitals (GENITALIA) with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in either the males or the females.Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.HIV-1: The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.Contraceptive Devices, Female: Contraceptive devices used by females.Herpesvirus 2, Human: A species of SIMPLEXVIRUS associated with genital infections (HERPES GENITALIS). It is transmitted by sexual intercourse and close personal contact.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Sampling Studies: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Personnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Sex Determination Analysis: Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.Heterosexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the opposite SEX.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Vaginal Creams, Foams, and Jellies: Medicated dosage forms for topical application in the vagina. A cream is a semisolid emulsion containing suspended or dissolved medication; a foam is a dispersion of a gas in a medicated liquid resulting in a light, frothy mass; a jelly is a colloidal semisolid mass of a water soluble medicated material, usually translucent.Chlamydia trachomatis: Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Drug Users: People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Work Schedule Tolerance: Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.Uterine Cervicitis: Inflammation of the UTERINE CERVIX.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Disorders of Sex Development: In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Community Networks: Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.Genitalia, Female: The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Uterine Cervical Diseases: Pathological processes of the UTERINE CERVIX.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Central AmericaMultivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.LaosConstruction Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of building.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Venereology: A branch of medicine which deals with sexually transmitted disease.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Capital Financing: Institutional funding for facilities and for equipment which becomes a part of the assets of the institution.Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).NepalSocial Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Yugoslavia: Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).Vaginosis, Bacterial: Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.LondonTrichomonas Vaginitis: Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.BelgiumRubber: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.Reproductive Tract Infections: Infections of the genital tract in females or males. They can be caused by endogenous, iatrogenic, or sexually transmitted organisms.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.PakistanNeisseria gonorrhoeae: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria primarily found in purulent venereal discharges. It is the causative agent of GONORRHEA.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Noise, Occupational: Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.Mycoplasma genitalium: A species of gram-negative bacteria originally isolated from urethral specimens of patients with non-gonoccocal URETHRITIS. In primates it exists in parasitic association with ciliated EPITHELIAL CELLS in the genital and respiratory tracts.Pneumoconiosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.BrazilMaximum Allowable Concentration: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.United StatesAmphetamine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of amphetamines.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.AfricaSenegal: A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.Sex Preselection: Methods for controlling genetic SEX of offspring.MiningEmployment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from patients to health professionals or health care workers. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Gammapapillomavirus: A genus of DNA viruses in the family PAPILLOMAVIRIDAE, which cause cutaneous lesions in humans. They are histologically distinguishable by intracytoplasmic INCLUSION BODIES which are species specific.Asbestos: Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.Epidemics: Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.Coke: A residue of coal, left after dry (destructive) distillation, used as a fuel.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)

*  As We Are: Sex Workers . Radio | OPB

As We Are: Sex Workers. by Julie Sabatier Follow OPB , April 15, 2009 9 a.m. , Updated: April 2, 2015 6:11 a.m. ...
opb.org/radio/programs/thinkoutloud/segment/we-are-sex-workers/

*  Sex workers rally in Brisbane | Green Left Weekly

... a peer-led rights and support organisation for sex workers. Twenty people wearing red, holding signs and displaying red ... Speaking out against Queensland's 17-year-old sex work laws and chanting, ... Sex workers and their allies rallied for law reform and an end to stigma in Brisbane on March 8. It was the first public rally ... someone you fuck is a sex worker.... but you might not know, because the stigma surrounding sex work means we don't know if ...
https://greenleft.org.au/content/sex-workers-rally-brisbane-0?mini=2017-09

*  International Sex Worker Rights Day | Scoop News

The day originated in 2001 when over 25 000 sex workers gathered in India for a sex worker festival. The organisers wanted to ... celebrate the lives of sex workers as well as highlight sex workers' determination ... ... The 3rd of March is International Sex Worker Rights Day. ... in lieu of not arresting sex workers or pick sex workers up and ... Sex worker groups across the world have subsequently celebrated 3 March as International Sex Workers' Rights Day.. The Sex ...
scoop.co.nz/stories/WO0603/S00007.htm

*  Social and Structural Factors Shaping High Rates of Incarceration among Sex Workers in a Canadian Setting | BC Centre for...

In light of the emphasis on enforcement-based approaches towards sex work, and the well-known negative impacts of these ... Social and Structural Factors Shaping High Rates of Incarceration among Sex Workers in a Canadian Setting. 2015 , J Urban ... Data were obtained from an open prospective community cohort of female and transgender women sex workers, known as An ... This prospective study found a very high prevalence and frequency of incarceration among women sex workers in Vancouver, Canada ...
cfenet.ubc.ca/publications/social-and-structural-factors-shaping-high-rates-incarceration-among-sex-workers

*  Unprotected Sex With Sex Worker - The Body

... unprotected sex with sex worker, with a wealth of fact sheets, expert advice, community perspective, the latest news/research, ... Unprotected sex with a sex worker. Scary as hell. Understand that if she has it, the chances are 20,000 to 1, that I will get ... unsafe sex practices of sex workers & legality?. Hi Dr Bob, Well done on all the great work you've done into HIV / AIDS - I am ... Protected Sex w/Sex Worker. Posted by Anonymous, 6 Replies. ...I made a huge mistake over a week ago by having protected ...
thebody.com/h/unprotected-sex-with-sex-worker.html/

*  Sex Workers Who Sued Relativity Media Press for Case to Be Heard - Variety

Four Texas sex workers have asked for clearance to proceed with their lawsuit charging that Relativity Media breached its ... Sex Workers Who Sued Relativity Media Press for Case to Be Heard. By James Rainey ... Four Texas sex workers have asked for clearance to proceed with their lawsuit charging that Relativity Media breached its ... Four Texas sex workers have asked for clearance to proceed with their lawsuit charging that Relativity Media breached its ...
variety.com/2016/biz/news/relativity-media-sex-workers-8-minutes-1201721226/

*  Category talk:Sex worker organizations - Wikipedia

WikiProject Sexuality / Sex work (Rated Category-class). SexualityWikipedia:WikiProject SexualityTemplate:WikiProject Sexology ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category_talk:Sex_worker_organizations&oldid=209833982" ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category_talk:Sex_worker_organizations

*  Sex workers embrace Obamacare - Nov. 1, 2013

Sex workers in the Bay Area hosted a registration drive for Obamacare and enrolled nearly 40 people ... Organized by "Siouxsie Q," a Bay Area sex worker, the event was meant to encourage other sex workers to enroll in the new ... Many of the sex workers at the event file W-2s for their legal work, whether it be a part-time job or sex work that falls ... workers can be particularly high risk and insurance is often out of reach. Many sex workers -- a broad term that can refer to a ...
money.cnn.com/2013/11/01/smallbusiness/sex-workers-obamacare/index.html?iid=s_mpm

*  Bank for India's sex workers | Reuters.com

A bank in India is helping sex workers save their money for a brighter future.} ... Bank for India's sex workers. Monday, December 17, 2007 - 01:59. Dec 17 - A bank in India is helping sex workers save their ... in.reuters.com/video/2007/12/17/bank-for-indias-sex-workers?videoId=72790&videoChannel=2. ...
in.reuters.com/video/2007/12/17/bank-for-indias-sex-workers?videoId=72790

*  sex workers News - China Real Time Report - WSJ

Report: Accused Sex Workers Beaten by Police in China. *. May 14, 2013 7:36 pm HKT. ... Sex Worker Detained After Rally. *. Aug 3, 2010 7:20 pm HKT. ...
https://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/tag/sex-workers/

*  Vancouver Sex Worker Beaten, Dragged

Vancouver police are hunting for a man suspected of beating a sex trade worker who was tied up and dragged by a van.Police say ... downtown eastside sex workersvancouver prostitutesVancouver Prostitutionvancouver sex worker attackedVancouver Sex Workers ... VANCOUVER - Vancouver police are hunting for a man suspected of beating a sex trade worker who was tied up and dragged by a van ... MORE:British ColumbiacpDowntown East Sidedowntown east side prostitutesdowntown east side sex workersdowntown eastsidedowntown ...
huffingtonpost.ca/2013/03/05/vancouver-sex-worker-beaten-dragged_n_2812880.html?ir=Crime

*  Regular clients of sex workers want real love, ...

... a new study has found that men who become regular clients of sex workers often develop feelings of romance and love. ... While it is commonly believed that men who pay for sex are attempting to avoid emotional commitment, ... sex-kitten. .net - March 23, 2016 5:35 AM In Australia, where sex work is legal, a Gold Coast sex worker has been advertising ... Sex Work About sex work and help for sex workers, which includes escorts, professional service providers, erotica authors, ...
scoop.it/t/sex-work/p/3995190912/2013/01/18/regular-clients-of-sex-workers-want-real-love-affection

*  U.S. HIV/AIDS policy sidelines sex workers - UPI.com

This has hurt sex workers; the people who could most benefit from U.S. foreign aid and are best placed to turn the tide of the ... Sex workers are some of the people most at risk for HIV, AIDS and violence. But U.S. funding restrictions have worked against ... For example, sex workers in South Africa, who are very much at risk of contracting HIV, have been prevented from sharing health ... But the restrictions have nevertheless, in reality, led to the denial of services for sex workers in some places, in part ...
https://upi.com/Health_News/2012/08/03/US-HIVAIDS-policy-sidelines-sex-workers/WEN-9591344025493/?spt=hs&or=hn

*  Mass wedding in Indian 'village of sex workers'

VADIA, India - Eight young women whose mothers are sex workers were married in a so-called "village of prostitutes" in India on ... Women from Vadia village have worked in the sex trade for generations and the marriage ceremony was an attempt to break the ...
https://rawstory.com/2012/03/mass-wedding-in-indian-village-of-sex-workers/

*  SWOP Denver - Happy International Sex Worker's Day! | Facebook

Happy International Sex Worker's Day!
https://facebook.com/swopdenver/posts/2036769336341232

*  Over 10 Million Sex Workers Estimated in China | The Epoch Times

A recent commentary from Hong Kong's Oriental Daily News suggests that there are at least 10 million sex workers in China today ... In some areas, the police use arrest as a form of punishment for the "misses," another term for female sex workers in China, ... Sex workers wait for clients near the Xining Railway Station in Xining, China. (China Photos/Getty Images) ... There is currently no attempt at safe sex education when police arrest and jail prostitutes and their customers when enforcing ...
https://theepochtimes.com/over-10-million-sex-workers-estimated-in-china_1732160.html

*  Australia's Mining Boom Creates Demand For Sex Workers | WLRN

The sex industry here is mostly legal, and it has boomed alongside the thriving mining industry. Sex workers from around the ... Australia's Mining Boom Creates Demand For Sex Workers By editor • Jan 6, 2013 ... Langtrees charges clients a basic rate of $400 an hour, split evenly between the sex worker and the house. Kenworthy says she ... Supporters of the Scarlet Alliance Australian Sex Workers Association demand better legal protections at a rally outside the ...
wlrn.org/post/australias-mining-boom-creates-demand-sex-workers

*  'Migrant sex workers welcome': UK protesters demand closure of deportee detention facility - RT...

Migrant sex workers welcome': UK protesters demand closure of deportee detention facility Published time: 14 May, 2017 00:50 ... Among the crowd, prominent signs included "No human is illegal," "Queers against borders," and "Migrant sex workers welcome ... and the decriminalization of sex work, both issues related to Yarl's Wood. ...
https://rt.com/uk/388283-yarls-wood-protest-detention/

*  Vice gang conned Romanian women to Liverpool to become sex workers - Liverpool Echo

Vice gang conned Romanian women to Liverpool to become sex workers. Man and two women to be sentenced after police bust ... Two women and a man are set to be sentenced for tricking women into travelling to Liverpool to become sex workers. ... "When they were in the airport they were informed by Ms Berki and Ms Timos they were in fact to work in the sex industry. ... WirralPervert snared by paedophile hunters wanted sex with four-year-old boy. Shaun Parrott, whose username was 'Bimale Rape Me ...
liverpoolecho.co.uk/news/liverpool-news/vice-gang-conned-romanian-women-12233079

*  Alcohol Harm Reduction Intervention Among Female Sex Workers in Mombasa, Kenya - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Female sex worker, defined as a woman who self reports exchange of any type of sex including oral, anal, and vaginal sex for ... Female sex workers will be recruited from three APHIA drop-in centers in Mombasa district, Kenya who serve more than 15,000 ... The main study objective is to investigate whether female sex workers (FSWs) at drop-in centers in Mombasa, Kenya, who report ... This is a longitudinal intervention study among female sex workers affiliated with the APHIA II program, who have harmful or ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01756469?order=72

*  The Awareness Center, Inc. (International Jewish Coaltion Against Sexual Assault): The Cruelest Crime - Sexual Abuse Of...

The Awareness Center believes ALL survivors of sex crimes should be given yellow ribbons to wear proudly.. Survivors of sexual ... Chris had been a dental assistant and volunteer poverty worker in Appalachia before she met Peter Butter in church and married ... The only sex I was having was with them." he says at Alpha House. "I knew I was doing wrong, but I couldn't stop myself.". ... "I couldn't live without the sex. I couldn't imagine my life without it," Bob says. "A kid could walk past me right now and my ...
theawarenesscenter.blogspot.com/1984/12/the-cruelest-crime-sexual-abuse-of.html

*  Gingrich: Left-wing double standard is gigantic; Sekulow on possible Ukrainian election interference | Fox News

We already know that the part about the coverage that they have on him with sex actions is supposed to be true. They have said ... HANNITY: So you have the Ukraine issue, where a real meeting took place with a real DNC worker, operative, whatever position ... We will protect our workers, promote our industry, and be proud of our history because we will put America first. ...
foxnews.com/transcript/2017/07/17/gingrich-left-wing-double-standard-is-gigantic-sekulow-on-possible-ukrainian-election-interference.html

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20043021 - Winter season, frequent hand washing, and irritant patch test reactions to...

... by patch testing and exogenous factors such as season and hand washing for their association with IHD in health care workers. ... is common in health care workers. Objective: We studied endogenous irritant contact dermatitis threshold ... Results: Positive patch testing to low-concentration SLS was associated with IHD (P = 0.0310) after adjusting for age, sex, ... Background: Irritant hand dermatitis (IHD) is common in health care workers. Objective: We studied endogenous irritant contact ...
https://cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20043021.html

*  MentalHealthCE Course Page: secBCS21

Anxiety doesn't discriminate against age, sex, religion, race, or any other related demographics. It affects people differently ... CE for Psychologist, Social Worker, Counselor, & MFT!!. Section 21 Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Toxic Worry Question 21 , ...
mentalhealthce.com/courses/contentBCS/secBCS21.html

*  Experimental AIDS Vaccine Delivers Good News - ABC News

... not just high-risk groups like intravenous drug users or sex workers, Kim added. ...
abcnews.go.com/Health/Healthday/experimental-aids-vaccine-delivers-good-news/story?id=8663801&page=2

Controlling Vice: Regulating Brothel Prostitution in St. Paul, 1865-1883: Controlling Vice is a book by Minnesotan author Joel Best, published in 1998. It is the story of the strategies that the Minnesota police officers enforced in attempts to regulate prostitution in the late nineteenth century.LifeStyles Condoms: LifeStyles Condoms is a brand of condom made by the Australian company Ansell Limited, previously known as Pacific Dunlop Limited.Management of HIV/AIDS: The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection. There are several classes of antiretroviral agents that act on different stages of the HIV life-cycle.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Disinhibition: In psychology, disinhibition is a lack of restraint manifested in disregard for social conventions, impulsivity, and poor risk assessment. Disinhibition affects motor, instinctual, emotional, cognitive, and perceptual aspects with signs and symptoms similar to the diagnostic criteria for mania.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityOld Portal de Mercaderes (Mexico City): Old Portal de Mercaderes in the historic center of Mexico City was and is the west side of the main plaza (otherwise known as the "Zócalo"). This side of the plaza has been occupied by commercial structures since the Spanish Conquest of Mexico in 1521.Katalonan: A Katalonan (also spelled Catalonan; Catulunan in Pampango) is a priest or priestess of the old Tagalog animistic religion. These priestesses were either female, or male transvestites.History of syphilis: The history of syphilis has been well studied, but the exact origin of syphilis is unknown. There are two primary hypotheses: one proposes that syphilis was carried to Europe from the Americas by the crew of Christopher Columbus, the other proposes that syphilis previously existed in Europe but went unrecognized.Kenya Pipeline CompanyRazvilka, Moscow Oblast: Razvilka () is a rural locality (a settlement) in Leninsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located in the "green forests and parks space" surrounding the city of Moscow, on the Kashira Highway. Population: Postal code: 142717.Friendship (NGO): Friendship is a French - Bangladeshi non-governmental organization that works with poor and marginalized communities in Bangladesh in remote chars and riverbanks in the North, poorer areas in Northeast, cyclone-prone areas in the South and most recently the hard-to-reach indigenous communities in the coastal belt of the country. It was established in Bangladesh in 2002 to provide basic services to the highly suffering inaccessible areas from climate changes impact.Office of Workers' Compensation Programs: The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who experience work-related injury or occupational disease.http://www.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Dysphoria: Dysphoria (from (dysphoros), δυσ-, difficult, and φέρειν, to bear) is a profound state of unease or dissatisfaction. In a psychiatric context, dysphoria may accompany depression, anxiety, or agitation.Nomad Rock: Nomad Rock () is an isolated rock in Bransfield Strait, 5 nautical miles (9 km) off the north coast of Trinity Peninsula and 9 nautical miles (17 km) northeast of Cape Legoupil. So named by United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee (UK-APC) because of confusion about the identity of geographic points along this coast, and because of the wandering of features and names on charts of this vicinity.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Gonorrhea: Clap}}QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre: Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre (PTWRC) is a wildlife centre located roughly by road south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The centre was established in 1995 and with an area of over 6,000 acres of protected regenerating forest, this is the largest zoo in Cambodia.Barry Dorn: Barry C. Dorn, M.Anti-abortion violence: Anti-abortion violence is violence committed against individuals and organizations that provide abortion. Incidents of violence have included destruction of property, in the form of vandalism; crimes against people, including kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, and murder; and crimes affecting both people and property, including arson and bombings.Mineral industry of Benin: The mineral industry, which is limited to the production of cement, clay, gold, sand, and gravel, does not play a significant role in the Benin's economy.Omayra Bermúdez-Lugo.Transport in Madagascar: == Railways ==Katherine Gillespie Sells: Katherine 'Kath' Gillespie Sells is a psychotherapist, writer, disability rights campaigner and LGBT rights campaigner from the United Kingdom. She founded REGARD, a national, volunteer run organisation of disabled lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and transgender people.Human rights abuses in the Vietnamese cashew industry: Vietnam is known as the world's largest cashew nut exporter with 37 per cent sharehttp://business.timesonline.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Pocket petList of birds of Ivory Coast: This is a list of the bird species recorded in Ivory Coast. The avifauna of Ivory Coast include a total of 758 species, of which one has been introduced by humans and nineteen are rare or accidental.Phoenix Petroleum Philippines, Inc.: Phoenix}}Metallurgy: Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. Metallurgy is also the technology of metals: the way in which science is applied to the production of metals, and the engineering of metal components for usage in products for consumers and manufacturers.Advanced Chemical Industries (ACI): ৳ 238 Million http://www.aci-bd.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.ArambiletInstitut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City: The Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City is a Vietnamese national institute initially created by the French in 1891 under the name Pasteur Institute - Sai Gon, in 1975 renamed the Institute of Epidemiology, and in 1991 given the current name.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Tobacco harm reduction: Tobacco harm reduction (THR) is a public health strategy to lower the health risks associated with using nicotine, as an example of the concept of harm reduction, a strategy for dealing with the abuse of other drugs. Smoking tobacco is widely acknowledged as a leading cause of illness and death.Chlamydia antibodies: Chlamydia antibodies are antibodies targeting bacteria of the Chlamydia genus, but it generally refers specifically to antibodies targeting Chlamydia trachomatis, which is the cause of Chlamydia infection in humans.HIV-positive people: HIV-positive people are people who have the human immunodeficiency virus HIV, the agent of the currently incurable disease AIDS.Mineral dust: Mineral dust is a term used to indicate atmospheric aerosols originated from the suspension of minerals constituting the soil, being composed of various oxides and carbonates. Human activities lead to 30% of the dust load in the atmosphere.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Suresh Jayakar: Suresh Dinakar Jayakar (21 September 1937, Bombay-21 January 1988) was an Indian biologist who pioneered in the use of quantitative approaches in genetics and biology.Standard evaluation frameworkDoffer: A doffer is someone who removes ("doffs") bobbins, pirns or spindles holding spun fiber such as cotton or wool from a spinning frame and replaces them with empty ones. Historically, spinners, doffers, and sweepers each had separate tasks that were required in the manufacture of spun textiles.Occupational fatality: An occupational fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force: The Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force (HKAPF, ) is established in 1914 as the Police Reserve unit, provides additional manpower to the Hong Kong Police Force, especially during emergencies and other incidents.Essex School of discourse analysis: The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.Illegal drug trade in Peru: The illegal drug trade in Peru includes the growing of coca and the shipment of cocaine to the United States. In an example of the balloon effect, dramatic falls in coca cultivation in the late 1990s saw cultivation move to Colombia.Nonoxynols: Nonoxynols also known as nonaethylene glycol or polyethylene glycol nonyl phenyl ether are mixtures of nonionic surfactants used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents or defoaming agents. The most commonly discussed compound nonoxynol-9 is a spermaticide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.Substance-related disorderIndonesia Trading Company: Indonesia Trading Company or ITC, known in Indonesia as PT Perusahaan Perdagangan Indonesia (Persero) or PPI, is the only Indonesian state-owned trading house. Its business is in export, import and distribution.Villa Elisa, Paraguay: Villa Elisa is a city in the Central Department of Paraguay on the outskirts of Asuncion. It was the only colony that was inhabited by Swedish people in Paraguay and today is one of the most important and active cities that are part of the Metropolitan Area of the capital.Economy of ChittagongZimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions: The Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions is the primary trade union federation in Zimbabwe. The general secretary of ZCTU is Wellington Chibebe and the president is Lovemore Matombo.Adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome: Adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome is a provisional name for a newly diagnosed immunodeficiency illness. The name is proposed in the first public study to identify the syndrome.Biocidal natural building material: A biocidal natural building material is a natural building material which has biocidal properties. The biocidal properties of biocidal natural building materials are inherent to the material, rather than being supplemented afterwards.Social stigma of obesity: The social stigma of obesity has created negative psychosocial impacts and has caused disadvantages for overweight and obese people. The social stigma often spans one's entire life, starting from a young age and lasting into adulthood.

(1/284) A study of HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitude and behaviors among female sex workers in Shanghai China.

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(2/284) 'Relief of oppression': an organizing principle for researchers' obligations to participants in observational studies in the developing world.

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(3/284) Knowledge of HIV seropositivity is a predictor for initiation of illicit drug use: incidence of drug use initiation among female sex workers in a high HIV-prevalence area of China.

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(4/284) Anal sex, vaginal practices, and HIV incidence in female sex workers in urban Kenya: implications for the development of intravaginal HIV prevention methods.

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(5/284) A multilevel analysis of the impact of socio-structural and environmental influences on condom use among female sex workers.

 (+info)

(6/284) Prevalence and correlates of 'agua celeste' use among female sex workers who inject drugs in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

 (+info)

(7/284) HIV, STI prevalence and risk behaviours among women selling sex in Lahore, Pakistan.

 (+info)

(8/284) Interest in low-threshold employment among people who inject illicit drugs: implications for street disorder.

 (+info)



Female Sex Workers


  • In some areas, the police use arrest as a form of punishment for the "misses," another term for female sex workers in China, that the authorities had previously pretended not to exist. (theepochtimes.com)
  • The main study objective is to investigate whether female sex workers (FSWs) at drop-in centers in Mombasa, Kenya, who report harmful or hazardous alcohol intake and participate in a brief alcohol intervention (vs. those who participate in a nutrition intervention in the control group), will reduce their alcohol use and incidence of STIs, HIV, and sexual violence, as well as increase their condom use. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This is a longitudinal intervention study among female sex workers affiliated with the APHIA II program, who have harmful or hazardous alcohol use patterns. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Female sex workers will be recruited from three APHIA drop-in centers in Mombasa district, Kenya who serve more than 15,000 FSWs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of 212 Peruvian female sex workers (FSWs) were analyzed. (hindawi.com)
  • To address the perceived public health threat from the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in Peru, studies were conducted in the 1990s to characterize the sexual practices and prevalence of genital tract infections (GTIs-sexually transmitted infections and bacterial vaginosis) and HIV among female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients. (hindawi.com)

among female sex


  • increase sexual risk behaviors," explained the study authors, noting limited data on the prevalence of this practice among female sex worker s and its association with condom use and STD infection. (thebody.com)

South Africa


  • In South Africa, street based sex workers are constantly harassed and arrested under local by-laws. (scoop.co.nz)
  • For example, sex workers in South Africa, who are very much at risk of contracting HIV, have been prevented from sharing health information and anti-violence strategies as part of a PEPFAR-funded program and told that the anti-prostitution pledge is the reason for their exclusion. (upi.com)

India


  • Dec 17 - A bank in India is helping sex workers save their money for a brighter future. (reuters.com)
  • The day originated in 2001 when over 25 000 sex workers gathered in India for a sex worker festival. (scoop.co.nz)
  • VADIA, India - Eight young women whose mothers are sex workers were married in a so-called "village of prostitutes" in India on Sunday under a plan to save them from being pushed into the world's oldest profession. (rawstory.com)

FSWs


  • Moreover, as poor healthcare-seeking behavior can prolong the infectious period for curable STIs, transmission patterns may change quickly among FSWs who have unprotected sex, are new to this occupation, and/or are less accustomed to seeking and receiving medical services for STIs [ 10 , 11 ]. (hindawi.com)

prostitutes


  • The controversial attempts at safe sex education for prostitutes may help reduce the further spread of AIDS in China. (theepochtimes.com)
  • There is currently no attempt at safe sex education when police arrest and jail prostitutes and their customers when enforcing the existing laws against prostitution. (theepochtimes.com)

Rally


  • It was the first public rally held by Respect Inc, a peer-led rights and support organisation for sex workers. (greenleft.org.au)
  • One rally speaker, Jenny King, pointed out that because the current laws are so stringent, most sex workers in Queensland work illegally. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Rally-goers were angry that there is no priority for the laws to be reviewed and currently there is no mechanism to ensure that sex workers' voices are heard. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Supporters of the Scarlet Alliance Australian Sex Workers Association demand better legal protections at a rally outside the New South Wales Parliament in September. (wlrn.org)

work


  • This category is supported by the Sex work task force . (wikipedia.org)
  • Many sex workers -- a broad term that can refer to a number of services, including sexual massage, prostitution, and escort and dominatrix work -- consider themselves self-employed entrepreneurs who can't afford to purchase healthcare. (cnn.com)
  • Many of the sex workers at the event file W-2s for their legal work, whether it be a part-time job or sex work that falls within the law. (cnn.com)
  • Speaking out against Queensland's 17-year-old sex work laws and chanting, "Nothing about us without us," workers demanded the Labor state government consult with them to ensure legal changes that would decriminalise their work. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Under the current legislation, sex work is only permitted in a licensed brothel or by private workers working alone. (greenleft.org.au)
  • He also slammed the stigma surrounding sex work, explaining "someone you know, someone you love, someone you fuck is a sex worker. (greenleft.org.au)
  • LaShawn Harris illuminates the labor patterns and economic activity of three perennials within this kaleidoscope of underground industry: sex work, numbers running for gambling enterprises, and the supernatural consulting business. (scoop.it)
  • The Sexual Offences Act is the piece of legislation that criminalises sex work, but it is local by-laws that are used to arrest sex workers. (scoop.co.nz)
  • SWEAT and sex workers will work together to take a campaign to stop arrests forward," said Jayne Arnott, SWEAT Director. (scoop.co.nz)
  • HIV prevention programs, after all, should not be about promoting trafficking or sex work. (upi.com)
  • This has meant that organizations are no longer required to develop a separate policy against sex work. (upi.com)
  • The filing charges that, in order to induce the women to participate in the short-lived "8 Minutes," Relativity promised it "would provide them the ability to abandon sex work and would provide housing, medical and mental health care, educational, employment, legal and rehabilitation assistance. (variety.com)
  • The Greens scheduled the demonstration alongside the launch of their manifesto, which urged the end to migrant detention, and the decriminalization of sex work, both issues related to Yarl's Wood. (rt.com)
  • When they were in the airport they were informed by Ms Berki and Ms Timos they were in fact to work in the sex industry. (liverpoolecho.co.uk)

organizations


  • Services Withheld That vagueness has given some organizations an excuse to deprive sex workers of life-saving services. (upi.com)

population


  • What needs to be mentioned, however, is the ways in which U.S. AIDS policy inhibits a true spirit of togetherness when it comes to the critical population of sex workers. (upi.com)

arrest


  • SWEAT's research showed that police are verbally and physically abusing sex workers, including police pepper spraying sex workers after arrest when they are already in the back of the police van. (scoop.co.nz)

massage


  • It also makes it an offence for private workers to include the word "massage" in their advertisements - with a penalty including gaol time (not to mention the process of facing a magistrate, with the worker's real name and the suburb they live in liable to being published). (greenleft.org.au)
  • I made a huge mistake over a week ago by having protected vaginal intercourse with a sex worker at an Asian massage parlor. (thebody.com)

clients


  • Another speaker, Moose, denounced the provisions of the legislation that allow for entrapment - permitting police to pose as clients and have sex with workers to get evidence against them. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Our study shows that regular clients of a particular sex provider often come to experience feelings of deep affection, which can progress into an authentic love story," Milrod said. (scoop.it)
  • In this new study, Milrod and co-author Ronald Weitzer analyzed 2,442 postings on an online discussion board from a sex provider review site where more than a million clients of sex workers read and post about their experiences. (scoop.it)
  • Approximately one-third included a discussion about emotional intimacy between sex workers and their clients, many of whom expressed a desire to grow their relationships beyond the physical level in the form of sharing private feelings and mutual love. (scoop.it)
  • London: While it is commonly believed that men who pay for sex are attempting to avoid emotional commitment, a new study has found that men who become regular clients of sex workers often develop feelings of romance and love. (scoop.it)
  • Sex workers wait for clients near the Xining Railway Station in Xining, China. (theepochtimes.com)
  • Langtrees charges clients a basic rate of $400 an hour, split evenly between the sex worker and the house. (wlrn.org)

industry


  • In the all-cash, off-the-books sex industry, workers can be particularly high risk and insurance is often out of reach. (cnn.com)
  • Facing a rapidly growing sex industry, China's present legal system is unable to eliminate prostitution. (theepochtimes.com)
  • The sex industry here is mostly legal, and it has boomed alongside the thriving mining industry. (wlrn.org)
  • However, residents have not shown a strong interest in scaling back the sex industry, says Courtney Trenwith, a reporter with the news website WA Today. (wlrn.org)
  • Critics of the bill say attempts to criminalize the sex industry will simply make it less safe. (wlrn.org)

AIDS


  • Sex workers are some of the people most at risk for HIV, AIDS and violence. (upi.com)
  • conducted by the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS found that 26% of Vancouver's up to 520 female commercial sex worker s and 17% of the city's injection drug users are HIV-positive, the Vancouver Sun reports. (thebody.com)

News


  • A recent commentary from Hong Kong's Oriental Daily News suggests that there are at least 10 million sex workers in China today. (theepochtimes.com)

legislation


  • As an example, she explained that despite Queensland Health having told the government that for hand jobs, it's safe to simply ensure that workers wash their hands afterwards, the legislation mandates that a condom or latex glove must be used. (greenleft.org.au)

another


  • Jolene," another sex worker who had already enrolled through the California exchange, was also on hand to talk users through the process. (cnn.com)
  • Street-based soliciting and working with another sex worker (very broadly defined) are crimes. (greenleft.org.au)

Police


  • VANCOUVER - Vancouver police are hunting for a man suspected of beating a sex trade worker who was tied up and dragged by a van. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Sex workers interviewed spoke of high levels of contact with the police and arrests as often as five times per month. (scoop.co.nz)
  • One sex worker described the continuous threat of arrests as a major stressor for her and spoke of feeling "hunted" by the police. (scoop.co.nz)
  • SWEAT believes that the police are abusing by-laws to indiscriminately target sex workers. (scoop.co.nz)
  • SWEAT has also received reports of incidents where police demand sexual services in lieu of not arresting sex workers or pick sex workers up and then drop them off in very remote areas. (scoop.co.nz)
  • SWEAT recognises that the police have every right to use by-laws to act in the interests of the public but they do not have the right to indiscriminately use by-laws merely to be seen to be cleaning sex workers off the streets. (scoop.co.nz)

reform


  • Sex workers and their allies rallied for law reform and an end to stigma in Brisbane on March 8. (greenleft.org.au)
  • The Sex Worker Education and Advocacy Taskforce (SWEAT) will celebrate the day with a group of sex workers and recommit ourselves to taking the law reform process forward. (scoop.co.nz)

despite


  • Despite good intentions, and in some places good effects, PEPFAR undermines effective programming with sex workers and contributes to their social isolation and poor health outcomes, especially as it relates to HIV and sexually transmitted infections. (upi.com)

trade


  • Women from Vadia village have worked in the sex trade for generations and the marriage ceremony was an attempt to break the cycle of exploitation, said Mittal Patel of VSSM. (rawstory.com)

Education


  • Find more from Sex Worker Education and Advocacy Taskforce on InfoPages. (scoop.co.nz)

Women


  • The women at the party recognize that taxpayers might not be enthusiastic about their dollars subsidizing healthcare for sex workers. (cnn.com)
  • Two women and a man are set to be sentenced for tricking women into travelling to Liverpool to become sex workers. (liverpoolecho.co.uk)

Human


  • I really do think access to healthcare should be a human right, and I've been so brainwashed to think it's such a privilege," a sex worker and activist known as "Maxine Holloway" said. (cnn.com)
  • Among the crowd, prominent signs included "No human is illegal," "Queers against borders," and "Migrant sex workers welcome here," as well as numerous banners protesting Brexit. (rt.com)

help


  • Four Texas sex workers have asked for clearance to proceed with their lawsuit charging that Relativity Media breached its promise to protect their identities and help them remake their lives after they participated in the company's reality television show "8 Minutes. (variety.com)

year


  • Sex workers interviewed by CNNMoney estimated this income to be less than $45,000 a year. (cnn.com)
  • Sex workers can earn $200,000 a year here - even more than the miners. (wlrn.org)

additional


  • The Affordable Care Act will cover contraception, screening for sexually transmitted infections, and violence counseling at no additional charge, which the sex workers said would make a big difference in their community. (cnn.com)

WORLD


  • Sex worker groups across the world have subsequently celebrated 3 March as International Sex Workers' Rights Day. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Sex workers from around the world have flocked to Western Australia, drawn to the big money earned by thousands of miners. (wlrn.org)