Ascorbic Acid Deficiency: A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Cemeteries: Areas set apart as burial grounds.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.BooksScurvy: An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.Somalia: Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.Societies, Hospital: Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.L-Gulonolactone Oxidase: An enzyme involved in the metabolism of ASCORBIC ACID and aldarate. It catalyzes the oxidation of L-gulono-1,4-lactone to L-xylo-hex-3-ulonolactone.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Starvation: Lengthy and continuous deprivation of food. (Stedman, 25th ed)Guinea Pigs: A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.

*  Scurvy - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Scurvy is a nutritional disease caused by a diet deficient in vitamin C [Ascorbic acid] since the body is unable to synthesize ... How do you Prevent Scurvy?. Prevention of scurvy is easily achieved by taking 30-60 mg of Vitamin C daily.. Scurvy can be ... What is Scurvy?. Scurvy is a nutritional disease caused by a diet that lacks vitamin C [Ascorbic acid]. It is a condition ... Age-old Scurvy Diagnosed in a Baby on Only Almond Milk Diet. Scurvy is a rare disease caused by vitamin C deficiency that ...

*  Scott And Scurvy (Idle Words)

Scott and Scurvy Why did 19th century explorers forget the simple cure for scurvy?. No Evidence of Disease A cancer story with ... the whole ship's company were tainted with scurvy, and two died. This pattern of fresh meat preventing scurvy would be a ... but quickly sickened and died of something that closely resembled human scurvy. No one had seen scurvy in animals before. With ... or they could insist on pasteurization at the risk of scurvy. The prevaling theory of scurvy as bacterial poisoning clouded the ...

*  Scurvy | Memorial Hospital

Learn more about Scurvy at Memorial Hospital DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ... ... Scurvy may be suspected during a physical exam, based on an analysis of symptoms and diet. A doctor will order a blood test to ... Scurvy is a condition caused by an insufficient amount of vitamin C for a prolonged period of time. The condition causes ... The treatment for scurvy is simple and effective. To eliminate symptoms and make a full recovery, begin vitamin C replacement ...

*  Scurvy (Severe Vitamin C Deficiency) | Healthhype.com

What is scurvy?. Scurvy is a condition that arises with a severe lack of vitamin C in the diet. The deficiency of vitamin C ( ... How common is scurvy?. In this day and age, vitamin C deficiency is uncommon and scurvy is a very rare condition. However, in ... Home » Current Health Articles » Scurvy (Severe Vitamin C Deficiency). Scurvy (Severe Vitamin C Deficiency). Posted by Dr. ... Causes of Scurvy. Scurvy is a consequence of severe and prolonged deficiency of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). It mainly arises due ...

*  The History of Scurvy and Vitamin C | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians

The History of Scurvy and Vitamin C. Ann Intern Med. 1989;110:330. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-110-4-330_2 ...

*  Scurvy - Wikipedia

Scurvy or subclinical scurvy is caused by a deficiency of vitamin C. In modern Western societies, scurvy is rarely present in ... Deficiency causes scurvy in humans, and somewhat similar symptoms in other animals. In babies, scurvy is sometimes referred to ... In 1734, the Leiden-based physician Johann Bachstrom published a book on scurvy in which he stated, "scurvy is solely owing to ... Carpenter, K.J. (1986). The History of Scurvy and Vitamin C. Cambridge. Cegłowski, Maciej (7 March 2010). "Scott and Scurvy". ...

*  Scurvy weed - Wikipedia

Scurvy weed is a common name for several flowering plants and may refer to: Commelina cyanea, native to Australia Commelina ...

*  Those Scurvy Rascals - Wikipedia

Creators of Those Scurvy Rascals Entara: Owners of Those Scurvy Rascals Those Scurvy Rascals on IMDb. ... Those Scurvy Rascals is a children's animated series following the adventures of three underwear obsessed pirates. First aired ... those scurvy rascals! Pilot: Pant Island (2005) Pants Odyssey (2005) Pet Pants (2005) Pantartica (2005) The Great Pantcreas ...

*  RADD 2711 Lecture 7 Part 1 Summer 2011 - METABOLIC NUTRITIONAL& ENDOCRINE DISEASES Scurvy Acromegaly Hyperparathyroidism...

Scurvy SCURVY AKA: Barlow's Disease (Infantile Scurvy) Hypovitaminosis C Associated with long-term deficiency of vitamin C ... if diet compromised SCURVY Latent period - 4 months Spontaneous hemorrhage - capillary fragility SCURVY CLINICAL FINDINGS: ... Normal (vitamin C) = RDA = 75mg - adult females 90mg - adult males 10mg to prevent scurvy 1/2c orange juice = 62mg SCURVY ... Final Skel Rad A Exam Metabolic, Nutritional and Endocrine Diseases - Scurvy, Acromeg ...

*  SCURVY ONLINE DESCRIPTION

New Technology for Diagnosis of Scurvy. *'New Definitions of Scurvy Affect Everyone'. 'pericorneal vasculature'. 24% of Adults ... Infantile scurvy. Infantile scurvy is uncommon before age 7 months, and clinical and radiographic manifestations rarely occur ... Hyperkeratosis, corkscrew hair, and sicca syndrome are typically observed in adult scurvy but rarely occur in infantile scurvy ... 1920: Scurvy, Past. and Present. (all the symptoms of alleged SBS--bleeding, bruising, bone disease and fractures, sudden death ...

*  Palaeopathology and Scurvy - Scottish Soldiers Project: Research Blog

Scurvy. Unlike most animals, humans are unable to make their own Vitamin C, and so they must get all the Vitamin C they need ... The presence of scurvy is something that we are hoping to explore further using biochemical markers of the disease. ... Early symptoms of scurvy include tiredness and lethargy, with pain and weakness in the muscles and bones. Weakened blood ... In today's post we are going to look at scurvy, which is something we think some of the soldiers may have suffered from. ...

*  Scorbutus - Scurvy symptoms and signs | Nutrition, deficiency & diseases

The typical scurvy symptoms and signs include general weakness, painful joints and muscles, hemorrhage of gums and mucous ... Scurvy disease pictures - corkscrew hair condition (enlarge). Signs and symptoms of scurvy. *tiredness ... Home › Nutritional deficiency › Scurvy Signs and symptoms. The typical scurvy symptoms and signs include general weakness, ... All these scurvy signs and symptoms can be reversed by taking food rich in vitamin C and by taking ascorbic acid supplements. . ...

*  scurvy tunes: review: wilson on the mass extinction

scurvy tunes. writ in anger.. This be the news. like it or not. ...

*  Scurvy Fleet Disciplinary Board Proceedings - Page 2 - FSM Discussion

The path of the righteous man is beset on all sides by the inequities of the selfish and the tyranny of evil men. Blessed is he who in the name of charity and goodwill shepherds the weak through the valley of darkness, for he is truly his brother's keeper and the finder of lost children. And I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who attempt to poison and destroy my brothers. And you will know my name is the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon thee ...

*  Tips for Health: Osteoporosis Is Scurvy of the Bone, Not Calcium Deficiency

On this picture we can see a calcified breast artery as a result of a treatment of hypertension. By taking such drug for high blood pressure, a thiazide diuretic, the body retains calcium and releases from potassium and magnesium. These calcification may occur throughout the whole body not just in the breasts, but can also be avoided ...

*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Nutritional and Metabolic Disorders: Vitamins and Minerals: Scurvy

Scurvy may be the oldest known dietary deficiency disease. A shortage of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) in the diet causes pain in ... Scurvy Isn't Cool Explains why teenagers are at risk, signs and symptoms, and why ascorbic acid is important. Includes pictures ... Scurvy may be the oldest known dietary deficiency disease. A shortage of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) in the diet causes pain in ... NHS Choices: Scurvy Information on this condition caused by a vitamin C deficiency in the diet including symptoms, diagnosis, ...

*  The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house - Page 57 - FSM Discussion

The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. Arrr, I be a pirate!. ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ...

*  The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house - Page 61 - FSM Discussion

Lissen hup, ye scurvy lubbers!. Oi finks as we should reeche a con-since-us on thee hofishal pyrate drinke ov choyce fer 2013. ... The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. Arrr, I be a pirate!. ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ... Re: The Scurvy Dog - Yer first drink be on the house. * Quote ...

*  Diet And Nutrition Specialists/ Dietician / Nutritionists in India - Starting with alphabet E

Scurvy. Scurvy is a nutritional disease caused by a diet deficient in vitamin C [Ascorbic acid] since the body is unable to ...

*  Glossary of Veterinary Terms | petMD

scurvy. The term used to indicate a deficiency of Vitamin C. sebaceous cyst. A sac of fat; cysts are enclosed ...

*  Diseases - Runnels County TXGenWeb

Scurvy - Lack of vitamin C. Symptoms of weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under skin. Septic - Infected, a condition of ... Morphew Scurvy - Blisters on the body. Mortification - Gangrene of necrotic tissue. Myelitis - Inflammation of the spine. ...

*  Life on the gold fields (Example) - MindMeister

Scurvy. 7.5.1. Vitamin C deficiency is the cause of scurvy. 8. Shopping. 8.1. Small shops or buisnesses. 8.1.1. Food. 8.1.2. ...

*  11 Incredible Benefits of Potatoes | Organic Facts

Treat Scurvy. The vitamin C present in potatoes can help prevent this disease, caused by a deficiency of vitamin C. It is ...

*  DoctorYourself.com - Klenner Vitamin C Paper

Scurvy historically the target; today's goal of high blood levels to cope with self-induced abuses and physiological traumas.. ... Here it represents frank scurvy from vitamin C deficiency. The pathology being "Capillary fragility".[66] Burns.. A new ... We found that every diabetic not taking supplemental vitamin C could be classified as having sub-clinical scurvy. For this ... In 1960 and again in 1966, in papers delivered before the Tri-State Medical Society, I called attention to the "scurvy" levels ...

*  Health Benefits of Amchur or Mango Powder | Healthy Eating

Prevents and Treats Scurvy. Amchur has a reasonable amount of vitamin C which can prove helpful in the healing of scurvy, a ... You could consume one part of mango powder with two parts of jaggery to treat scurvy. ...

Bleeding on probing: [periodontal probe] at left, and Nabers probe on the right.Ippolito de' MediciAscorbic acidDiscoverer 23List of cemeteries in Estonia: This is a list of cemeteries in Estonia.Arthur Wilson (Royal Navy officer)Blue Peter Book Award: The Blue Peter Book Awards are a set of literary awards for children's books conferred by the BBC television programme Blue Peter. They were inaugurated in 2000 for books published in 1999.Transport in Somalia: Transport in Somalia refers to the transportation networks and modes of transport in effect in Somalia. They include highways, airports and seaports, in addition to various forms of public and private vehicular, maritime and aerial transportation.Newington Green Unitarian ChurchEnlightenment Intensive: An Enlightenment Intensive is a group retreat designed to enable a spiritual enlightenment experience within a relatively short time. Devised by Americans Charles (1929–2007) and Ava Berner in the 1960s,http://www.Oxidase: An oxidase is any enzyme that catalyzes an oxidation-reduction reaction, especially one involving molecular oxygen (O2) as the electron acceptor. In reactions involving donation of a hydrogen atom, oxygen is reduced to water (H2O) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).MultivitaminIndian Famine Codes: The Indian Famine Codes, developed by the colonial British in the 1880s, were one of the earliest famine scales. The Famine Codes defined three levels of food insecurity: near-scarcity, scarcity, and famine.A. N. Hartley: Annie Norah Hartley (1902 – 1994), usually known simply as Norah Hartley, was a dog breeder and the first female board member of the Kennel Club.

(1/75) Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans.

The current recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin C for adult nonsmoking men and women is 60 mg/d, which is based on a mean requirement of 46 mg/d to prevent the deficiency disease scurvy. However, recent scientific evidence indicates that an increased intake of vitamin C is associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and cataract, probably through antioxidant mechanisms. It is likely that the amount of vitamin C required to prevent scurvy is not sufficient to optimally protect against these diseases. Because the RDA is defined as "the average daily dietary intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all healthy individuals in a group," it is appropriate to reevaluate the RDA for vitamin C. Therefore, we reviewed the biochemical, clinical, and epidemiologic evidence to date for a role of vitamin C in chronic disease prevention. The totality of the reviewed data suggests that an intake of 90-100 mg vitamin C/d is required for optimum reduction of chronic disease risk in nonsmoking men and women. This amount is about twice the amount on which the current RDA for vitamin C is based, suggesting a new RDA of 120 mg vitamin C/d.  (+info)

(2/75) Antiscorbutic activity of ascorbic acid phosphate in the rhesus monkey and the guinea pig.

Rhesus monkeys fed an ascorbic acid-free, purified liquid diet, developed scurvy in 70 to 105 days as evidenced by loss of weight, anemia, bleeding gums, inflamed palate, diarrhea, and inability to stand. Oral administration of either 10 mg/kg body weight of ascorbic acid or an equimolar amount of the magnesium salt of 1-ascorbic acid phosphate cured all symptoms of scurvy. Similarly, oral administration of 1-ascorbic acid phosphate cured all symptoms of scurvy in the guinea pig and resulted in liver ascorbate levels equal to those of animals feed ascorbic acid. It is concluded that ascorbic acid phosphate is a readily available source of ascorbic acid activity in vivo.  (+info)

(3/75) Infant feeding in the 20th century: formula and beikost.

The early years of the 20th century were notable for improvements in general sanitation, dairying practices and milk handling. Most infants were breast-fed, often with some formula feeding as well. Availability of the home icebox permitted safe storage of milk and infant formula, and by the 1920s, feeding of orange juice and cod liver oil greatly decreased the incidence of scurvy and rickets. Use of evaporated milk for formula preparation decreased bacterial contamination and curd tension of infant formulas. From 1930 through the 1960s, breast-feeding declined and cow's milk and beikost were introduced into the diet at earlier and earlier ages. Although commercially prepared formulas, including iron-fortified formulas replaced home-prepared formulas, few infants were breast-fed or formula fed after 4-6 mo of age. Iron deficiency was prevalent. From 1970 through 1999, a resurgence of breast-feeding was associated with a prolongation of formula feeding and an increase in usage of iron-fortified formulas. By the end of the century, formula feeding of older infants had largely replaced feeding of fresh cow's milk and the prevalence of iron deficiency had greatly decreased.  (+info)

(4/75) Ascorbate and phagocyte function.

Scorbutic guinea pig neutrophils (PMN) were found to produce H2O2 and kill Staphylococcus aureus as well as control PMN, suggesting that ascorbate does not contribute significantly to phagocyte H2O2 production or bacterial killing. Total and reduced ascorbate contents of human PMN was observed to fall upon phagocytosis, whereas dehydroascorbate increased to a lesser extent. These observations are consistent with the view that ascorbate constitutes a functional part of the PMN's redox-active components and may thus function to protect cell constituents from denaturation by the oxidants produced during phagocytosis.  (+info)

(5/75) Will an orange a day keep the doctor away?

An 80 year old man, who relied on a home based meals-on-wheels service was admitted to hospital with non-specific symptoms, but had clinical and biochemical evidence of scurvy. Subsequently, all new admissions (n=37) to the department over a three week period were assessed for evidence of undernutrition. It was found that 73% had hypovitaminosis C, with 30% having concentrations suggestive of scurvy. There were no significant associations between level of vitamin C and type of accommodation, food provision, or age. The commonest symptom associated with vitamin C deficiency was anorexia, but overall, there was a paucity of clinical signs associated with vitamin C deficiency. The possible associations of vitamin C deficiency in the elderly are discussed.  (+info)

(6/75) Bioavailability of a series of novel acylated ascorbic acid derivatives, 6-O-acyl-2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acids, as an ascorbic acid supplement in rats and guinea pigs.

The bioavailability of a series of novel acylated ascorbic acid derivatives, 6-O-acyl-2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acids (6-Acyl-AA-2G), as an ascorbic acid (AA) supplement was investigated in rats and guinea pigs. Oral administration of 6-Acyl-AA-2G to rats resulted in an increase in the plasma AA level. However, the intact form was not detectable in the plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography, indicating its hydrolysis through the process of absorption. After an intravenous injection to rats of 6-Octa-AA-2G as a representative derivative, the intact form rapidly disappeared from the plasma, being followed by a prolonged and marked elevation of the plasma AA level. Various tissue homogenates from guinea pigs were examined for their releasing activity of AA, 2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid (AA-2G) and 6-O-acyl-AA from 6-Acyl-AA-2G. High activity was observed in the small intestine. These hydrolytic activities to AA and 6-O-acyl-AA were completely inhibited by castanospermine, an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, and AA-2G was observed as the only resulting hydrolysate, suggesting the participation of alpha-glucosidase and esterase in the in vivo hydrolysis of 6-Acyl-AA-2G. 6-Octa-AA-2G was found to exhibit an obvious therapeutic effect in scorbutic guinea pigs from its repeated oral administration. These results indicate that 6-Acyl-AA-2G is a readily available source of AA activity in vivo, and may be useful as an effective pharmacological agent and as a promising food additive.  (+info)

(7/75) James Lind's Treatise of the Scurvy (1753).

Lind is revered as the first doctor to conduct systematic clinical trials of potential cures for scurvy-trials in which oranges and lemons came out as decisive winners. The following paper argues that our modern understanding of scurvy and vitamin C has hindered our understanding of Lind's own conception of his work and of the place within it of his clinical trials. Lind conceived of scurvy not as a disease of dietary deficiency, but of faulty digestion. In the full context of his Treatise of the Scurvy, and of his own medical practice, the seeming decisiveness of the trials fades, to be replaced by a sense of Lind's bafflement at the nature of the disease to which he had devoted his career.  (+info)

(8/75) An unusual presentation of scurvy following head injury.

We report an unusual clinical presentation of scurvy in a one and half year old child. The child presented with abrupt onset of peri-orbital ecchymoses and scalp hemorrhage following head injury. The child also had a history of temper tantrums and head banging. Our case did not have any of the typical clinical features of scurvy. The diagnosis was eventually confirmed radiologically and by observing a dramatic response to vitamin C therapy. It is important to remember that scurvy can present atypically i.e. without bleeding gums, painful limbs, pseudo-paralysis or scorbutic rosary. Scurvy should be kept as a differential diagnosis in a young child presenting with bleeding manifestations. Taking a detailed dietary history is of utmost importance in pediatric practice.  (+info)



symptoms

  • The symptoms of scurvy do not necessarily occur in a regular order, but generally the first sign is an inflamed, swollen condition of the gums. (idlewords.com)
  • Scurvy may be suspected during a physical exam, based on an analysis of symptoms and diet. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • The signs and symptoms associated with scurvy are largely due to the impaired synthesis of collagen. (healthhype.com)
  • Scurvy is a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C. Early symptoms include weakness, feeling tired, and sore arms and legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1920: Scurvy, Past and Present (all the symptoms of alleged SBS--bleeding, bruising, bone disease and fractures, sudden death) Entire book online Read this and you will know more about Vit. (legaljustice4john.com)
  • Symptoms and signs of scurvy may be remembered by the 4 Hs: hemorrhage, hyperkeratosis, hypochondriasis, and hematologic abnormalities. (legaljustice4john.com)
  • At the time, the cause of their symptoms was unknown - it wasn't until James Lind carried out his experiments in the mid eighteenth century that it was proved that scurvy could be cured with the juice of citrus fruits. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Because children and infants are still growing, they are more likely to develop scurvy than adults, they will develop symptoms more quickly, and the effect on their bones is more severe. (dur.ac.uk)
  • The typical scurvy symptoms and signs include general weakness, painful joints and muscles, hemorrhage of gums and mucous membranes, anemia, livid spots on the legs and corkscrew hair. (blogspot.com)
  • The main symptoms of scorbutus (scurvy) are the reduced ability to produce and maintain collagen, which is very much required for the connective tissue fibres, bone matrix, cartilaginous tissues, dentin and the cementing substance of the vascular endothelium. (blogspot.com)
  • In children there may be painful swelling in the legs followed by nausea, diarrhea and fever as scurvy (scorbutus) signs and symptoms. (blogspot.com)
  • Scurvy symptoms and signs like bleeding of the conjunctiva in the eyes, dryness of eyes and blurring of vision may be encountered. (blogspot.com)
  • The manifestations of scurvy vary from person to person and many of the symptoms listed below may be experienced. (blogspot.com)
  • All these scurvy signs and symptoms can be reversed by taking food rich in vitamin C and by taking ascorbic acid supplements. (blogspot.com)
  • In humans, vitamin C deficiency compromises collagen synthesis, contributing to the more severe symptoms of scurvy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The time frame for onset of symptoms of scurvy in unstressed adults on a completely vitamin C free diet, however, may range from one month to more than six months, depending on previous loading of vitamin C. Notable human dietary studies of experimentally induced scurvy have been conducted on conscientious objectors during World War II in Britain and on Iowa state prisoners in the late 1960s to the 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • These studies both found that all obvious symptoms of scurvy previously induced by an experimental scorbutic diet with extremely low vitamin C content could be completely reversed by additional vitamin C supplementation of only 10 mg a day. (wikipedia.org)

cause of scurvy

  • And it would only be through blind luck that the actual cause of scurvy would be rediscovered, and vitamin C finally isolated, in 1932. (idlewords.com)

infantile scurvy

  • Virtually all commercially available baby formulas contain added vitamin C, preventing infantile scurvy. (wikipedia.org)

citrus fruits

  • The incidence of scurvy peaks in children aged 6-12 months who are fed a diet deficient in citrus fruits or vegetables as well as in elderly people. (medindia.net)
  • Now, I had been taught in school that scurvy had been conquered in 1747, when the Scottish physician James Lind proved in one of the first controlled medical experiments that citrus fruits were an effective cure for the disease. (idlewords.com)
  • He showed that the missing factor in scurvy was present in citrus fruits and tomatoes, also demonstrating that some dried milk preparations were anti-scorbutic and that pasteurization reduced this effect in fresh milk. (wikipedia.org)

vitamin

  • Today we know that scurvy is due solely to a deficiency in vitamin C, a compound essential to metabolism that the human body must obtain from food. (idlewords.com)
  • Scurvy is rapidly and completely cured by restoring vitamin C into the diet. (idlewords.com)
  • It takes up to six months for scurvy to develop in healthy people after vitamin C is removed from the diet, and only a tiny daily amount is enough to keep a person healthy. (idlewords.com)
  • Scurvy is a condition caused by an insufficient amount of vitamin C for a prolonged period of time. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • Scurvy is typically caused by a diet lacking in fruits and vegetables or foods fortified with vitamin C. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • Scurvy is a condition that arises with a severe lack of vitamin C in the diet. (healthhype.com)
  • It is important to note that scurvy arises only with a severe and prolonged deficiency of vitamin C and in some cases it can be serious enough to cause death. (healthhype.com)
  • In this day and age, vitamin C deficiency is uncommon and scurvy is a very rare condition. (healthhype.com)
  • Scurvy arises when a person's diet is deficient of vitamin C for about 3 months and the total body pool of vitamin C declines to levels below 350 mg. (healthhype.com)
  • The onset of scurvy depends on multiple factors - it can start within weeks after discontinuing or severely reducing vitamin C intake or it can occur within months thereafter. (healthhype.com)
  • Scurvy is a consequence of severe and prolonged deficiency of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). (healthhype.com)
  • Sometimes scurvy can arise as a consequence of increased vitamin C utilization or excretion despite the normal consumption of foods rich in vitamin C. (healthhype.com)
  • The History of Scurvy and Vitamin C. Ann Intern Med. (annals.org)
  • Typically, scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin C in the diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scurvy or subclinical scurvy is caused by a deficiency of vitamin C. In modern Western societies, scurvy is rarely present in adults, although infants and elderly people are affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scurvy can be prevented by a diet that includes vitamin C-rich foods such as bell peppers (sweet peppers), blackcurrants, broccoli, chili peppers, guava, kiwifruit, and parsley. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some fruits and vegetables not high in vitamin C may be pickled in lemon juice, which is high in vitamin C. Though redundant in the presence of a balanced diet, various nutritional supplements are available that provide ascorbic acid well in excess of that required to prevent scurvy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some animal products, including liver, Muktuk (whale skin), oysters, and parts of the central nervous system, including the adrenal medulla, brain, and spinal cord, contain large amounts of vitamin C, and can even be used to treat scurvy. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who do not eat enough Vitamin C for prolonged periods will develop scurvy. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Lack of vitamin C may further alter the metabolism and absorption of iron and folic acid and increase the anemia and cause scurvy jaundice. (blogspot.com)
  • Scurvy is a nutritional disease caused by a diet deficient in vitamin C [Ascorbic acid] since the body is unable to synthesize vitamin C. (medindia.net)
  • The disease scurvy is prevented and treated with vitamin C-containing foods or dietary supplements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scurvy is an avitaminosis resulting from lack of vitamin C, since without this vitamin, collagen made by the body is too unstable to perform its function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Men in the prison study developed the first signs of scurvy about four weeks after starting the vitamin C-free diet, whereas in the British study, six to eight months were required, possibly due to the pre-loading of this group with a 70 mg/day supplement for six weeks before the scorbutic diet was fed. (wikipedia.org)

Causes

  • What are the Causes of Scurvy? (medindia.net)
  • Darkness, cold, and hard work are in Atkinson's opinion important causes of scurvy. (idlewords.com)

collagen

  • The scar tissue of the old wounds, which is made up of collagen, getting affected and the wounds opening up are indications of scurvy (scorbutus). (blogspot.com)

diseases

  • Scurvy is one of the accompanying diseases of malnutrition (other such micronutrient deficiencies are beriberi or pellagra) and thus is still widespread in areas of the world depending on external food aid. (wikipedia.org)

bone

  • Infants and children may have x-rays done to look for specific problems from scurvy, such as bone disease. (memorialhospitaljax.com)

dietary deficiency

  • Scurvy may be the oldest known dietary deficiency disease. (dmoztools.net)

uncommon

adults

  • Scurvy is rare in the United States and occurs most commonly in malnourished older adults and chronic alcoholics. (memorialhospitaljax.com)

clinical presentation

  • Iron absorption, immune function, the breakdown of cholesterol and formation of neurotransmitters are affected in scurvy thereby contributing to the clinical presentation. (healthhype.com)

infants

  • Over the course of fifty years, scurvy would return to torment not just Polar explorers, but thousands of infants born into wealthy European and American homes. (idlewords.com)
  • Scurvy is found more commonly in adult males and infants in the 6 to 12 month age group. (healthhype.com)

arise

  • Scurvy (scorbutus) may also arise due to dietary restrictions in illness, alcoholism or malabsorption. (blogspot.com)

choices

  • Although rare, there are also documented cases of scurvy due to poor dietary choices by people living in industrialized nations. (wikipedia.org)

acid

  • Atkinson inclined to Almroth Wright's theory that scurvy is due to an acid intoxication of the blood caused by bacteria. (idlewords.com)

experimental

  • In 1601 Captain Admiral James Lancaster unintentionally performed an experimental study of lemon juice as a preventive for scurvy. (wikipedia.org)

Treatment

juice

  • From that point on, we were told, the Royal Navy had required a daily dose of lime juice to be mixed in with sailors' grog, and scurvy ceased to be a problem on long ocean voyages. (idlewords.com)
  • Scott left a base abundantly stocked with fresh meat, fruits, apples, and lime juice, and headed out on the ice for five months with no protection against scurvy, all the while confident he was not at risk. (idlewords.com)

spots

  • Scurvy leads to the formation of brown spots on the skin, spongy gums, and bleeding from all mucous membranes. (wikipedia.org)

chest

  • pants on the poop deck, pants in the hold, pants in the chest where there should be gold, pants in the crows nest, pants at sea, and a big pair of pants where the sail should be- those scurvy rascals! (wikipedia.org)
  • In scurvy, breathlessness, rapid heart rate and chest pain may be experienced and may lead to heart failure. (blogspot.com)

help

  • During his voyages of exploration James Cook collected a number of plant species at various locations which were used to help ward off scurvy amongst his crew. (wikipedia.org)

treat

  • However, a better understanding of the pathophysiology has made scurvy easy to treat with simple measures like dietary modification and supplementation. (healthhype.com)

Nutrition

  • Alfred Fabian Hess (9 October 1875 in New York City - 5 December 1933) was an American physician known for his work on the role of nutrition in scurvy and rickets and for describing the Hess test. (wikipedia.org)

rare

people

  • There are rising numbers of scurvy cases in people from developed countries who are overweight and appear to be well fed. (medindia.net)

months

  • His fleet of four ships departed Torbay in southwest England on 21 April 1601, and scurvy began appearing in three of the ships by 1 August (4 months after sailing). (wikipedia.org)

foods

  • It has been known since antiquity that fresh foods in general, and lemons and oranges in particular, will cure scurvy. (idlewords.com)

particular

  • However, it is suspected that a particular metabolic disease - scurvy - may have been the cause of some of these lesions, particularly the active lesions seen in the adolescents. (dur.ac.uk)

cure

  • But in the second half of the nineteenth century, the cure for scurvy was lost. (idlewords.com)
  • An unfortunate series of accidents conspired with advances in technology to discredit the cure for scurvy. (idlewords.com)

Winter

  • The evergreen aneda (spelled either this way or as annedda by different 16th- to 17th-century sources) was used by Jacques Cartier and his men as a remedy against scurvy in the winter of 1535-1536. (wikipedia.org)

skin

  • Scurvy was first reported as far back as 1550 B.C. when it was discovered in sailors, who after long voyages developed bleeding gums, teeth problems, swelling in body, skin rash, joint pain and anemia. (medindia.net)

poor

  • As scurvy worsens there can be poor wound healing, personality changes, and finally death from infection or bleeding. (wikipedia.org)

look

  • In today's post we are going to look at scurvy, which is something we think some of the soldiers may have suffered from. (dur.ac.uk)