Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Retraction of Publication as Topic: Authors' withdrawal or disavowal of their participation in performing research or writing the results of their study.Plagiarism: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.United States Office of Research Integrity: An office of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE organized in June 1992 to promote research integrity and investigate misconduct in research supported by the Public Health Service. It consolidates the Office of Scientific Integrity of the National Institutes of Health and the Office of Scientific Integrity Review in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health.Duplicate Publication as Topic: Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.Ethics, Nursing: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.Societies, Nursing: Societies whose membership is limited to nurses.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Military Psychiatry: Branch of psychiatry concerned with problems related to the prevention, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of mental or emotional disorders of Armed Forces personnel.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Clinical Nursing Research: Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.

*  Federal Register :: Findings of Scientific Misconduct

Integrity Adjudications Panel of the HHS Departmental Appeals Board issued a ruling upholding the scientific misconduct finding ...
https://federalregister.gov/documents/1999/03/12/99-6077/findings-of-scientific-misconduct

*  Federal Register :: Findings of Scientific Misconduct

... has made a final finding of scientific misconduct in the following case: Samar N. Roy, Ph.D., New York Blood Center: Based on a ...
https://federalregister.gov/documents/1999/01/27/99-1798/findings-of-scientific-misconduct

*  Federal Register :: Findings of Scientific Misconduct

Notice is hereby given that the Office of Research Integrity has made final findings of scientific misconduct in the following ...
https://federalregister.gov/documents/1995/07/11/95-16961/findings-of-scientific-misconduct

*  Recent Articles | Scientific Misconduct And Ecology | The Scientist Magazine®| Page 2

tags: scientific misconduct x ecology x The Scientist. » scientific misconduct and ecology ...
the-scientist.com/?articles.list/tagNo/1607,7/tags/scientific-misconduct,ecology/pageNo/2/

*  How to resolve ethical dilemmas related to authorship, copyright and scientific misconduct : EASE

How to resolve ethical dilemmas related to authorship, copyright and scientific misconduct. The resources in this module are ... How to resolve ethical dilemmas related to authorship, copyright and scientific misconduct. ... EASE Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English ... Dante's inferno: seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them ...
https://ease.org.uk/publications/ease-toolkit-authors/how-to-resolve-ethical-dilemmas-related-to-authorship-copyright-and-scientific-misconduct/

*  Investigating Scientific Misconduct and the Hendrik Schoen Affair: A Unique Life Experience - Events Calendar - Iowa State...

Investigating Scientific Misconduct and the Hendrik Schoen Affair: A Unique Life Experience. « Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May. Jun. ... Without question one of the most dramatic examples of scientific misconduct in recent memory was the actions by Hendrik Schoen ...
event.iastate.edu/event/19859

*  scientific misconduct

... scientific misconduct, Society, technology , Leave a reply Scientific misconduct debate: The idea is getting traction.. Posted ... Tag Archives: scientific misconduct. Fire the editor.. Posted on January 13, 2013. by francesscientist ... scientific misconduct , Leave a reply Search. Follow Blog via Email. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive ... We have all wondered about the debate over scientific misconduct and the utter lack of accountability demanded by the 'system ...
https://francesscientist.wordpress.com/tag/scientific-misconduct/

*  Scientific Misconduct in Cardiovascular Research - CARDIOVASCULAR OMICS RESEARCH

He has been dismissed on October 6, 2016 following investigation of scientific misconduct. ...
cardiovascularresearch.tbiscientific.com/scientific-misconduct/

*  Scientific misconduct at USGS lab affects Arizona | wryheat

Posted in Energy, Geology, Politics and tagged government, scientific misconduct, USGS on July 13, 2016. by wryheat2. Post ... Mis-conduct by two U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) officials led to the "suspicious" shutdown of a federal scientific lab in ... Scientific misconduct at USGS lab affects Arizona. According to an Inspector General report published June 15, 2016, the ... The initial incident involved scientific misconduct that began in 1996 and continued undiscovered until 2008. The second ...
https://wryheat.wordpress.com/2016/07/13/scientific-misconduct-at-usgs-lab-affects-arizona/

*  Responsible conduct of research

Scientific misconduct. How big is the problem ? Why is it there ? How do you prevent it ?. ... Aarhus University now has a policy for responsible conduct of research as well as a new code of practice to ensure scientific ... Aarhus University's code of practice to ensure scientific integrity and responsible conduct of research at Aarhus University ...
au.dk/en/research/responsible-conduct-of-research/?b=1614%252C%2520083&cHash=a33d2cb7d1a64ed7acfedea01168c816

*  The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary: Enstrom Cleared of Scientific Misconduct Charges; American Cancer...

The latest round of debate began last autumn when the chief executive of the American Cancer Society, John Seffrin, wrote a letter to the University of California's board of regents arguing that tobacco funding should be banned. In the 12 October letter, Seffrin argued that tobacco-funded front groups "publicized misleading results" while giving "the false implication" that the society had endorsed the study. He cited Enstrom's BMJ article in particular, alleging that Enstrom "ignored" complaints of "fundamental methodological problems". ... Wyatt Hume, provost at the University of California's president's office, wrote to Seffrin saying that the university "takes allegations of scientific misconduct extremely seriously". If there is "specific information in support of an allegation of scientific misconduct against Enstrom", he wrote, he would relay it to officials at the Los Angeles campus so that they "can pursue the matter further". ...
tobaccoanalysis.blogspot.com/2007/03/enstrom-cleared-of-scientific.html

*  Responsible conduct of research

Aarhus University now has a policy for responsible conduct of research as well as a new code of practice to ensure scientific integrity and responsible conduct of research. The university-wide policy and code of conduct have been developed on the basis of international recommendations for the area and the new Danish guidelines in the Danish Code of Conduct for Research Integrity. It means that Aarhus University now has 1. A university-wide policy on research integrity 2. Clear and precise discipline-specific standards for responsible conduct of research 3. Training in responsible conduct of research at all levels 4. A clear procedure for handling suspicion of breach of responsible conduct of research 5. Special advisers on research integrity at each faculty who provide staff and students with confidential, professional advice regarding questions of responsible conduct of research and basic principles of research ethics, including suspicions of breach of responsible conduct of research. This ...
au.dk/en/research/responsible-conduct-of-research/

*  Scientific Misconduct Blog

... - About all manner of pharmaceutical scientific misconduct, bad science, and related curious incidents. If you're not outraged, you're not paying attention. ... Actonel Eastell Blumsohn dispute P&G Procter
scientific-misconduct.blogspot.com

*  Scientific Journals Notified Following Research Misconduct Investigation - UConn Today

An extensive research misconduct investigation has led the University of Connecticut Health Center to send letters of notification to 11 scientific journals that had published studies conducted by a member of its faculty. Dipak K. Das, Ph.D., a professor in the Department of Surgery and director of the Cardiovascular Research Center, was at the center of a far-reaching, three-year investigation process that examined more than seven years of activity in Das's lab.. "We have a responsibility to correct the scientific record and inform peer researchers across the country," said Philip Austin, interim vice president for health affairs.. The investigation was sparked by an anonymous allegation of research irregularities in 2008. The comprehensive report, which totals approximately 60,000 pages, concludes that Das is guilty of 145 counts of fabrication and falsification of data. Inquiries are currently underway involving former members of Das's lab; no findings ...
today.uconn.edu/2012/01/scientific-journals-notified-following-research-misconduct-investigation/

*  Impact of Social Sciences - Is scientific misconduct increasing? Retraction rates may present more questions than answers.

Drawing on the research from his recent study into rising retraction rates R. Grant Steen argues retractions alone may be a poor surrogate measure of scientific misconduct. Science cultures are shifting to become more aware of certain "crimes" and publishing cultures may also be more willing to take immediate action. Nevertheless, there is reason to suspect that misconduct may really be increasing in prevalence and it is important to consider how best the community can measure and address this.. My colleagues, Drs. Arturo Casadevall and Ferric Fang, and I recently published a PLoS ONE study that asks, "Why has the number of scientific retractions increased?" We analyzed 2,047 retractions that had been indexed in PubMed prior to May, 2012, with a particular focus on how long it took to retract flawed articles. We sought insight into whether the recent increase in retractions reflects "an increase in the publication rate of flawed articles or ...
blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2013/07/25/is-scientific-misconduct-increasing/

*  James E. Enstrom in his own words - SourceWatch

In recent months the campaign against me has escalated because of the actions of activists who dislike my research and want me silenced. First, the Regents of the University of California are now considering a University-wide ban on tobacco industry funding, as summarized in a January 26, 2007 Science news article [5]. Hopefully, this ban will never be implemented because it would have a chilling effect on academic freedom and would make virtually impossible the type of research that I published in my BMJ paper. Second, the University had to conduct an investigation of "scientific misconduct" allegations against me contained in October 12, 2006 and January 24, 2007 letters from the ACS. Fortunately, a March 22, 2007 letter from the University about this investigation completely exonerated me and concluded that the ACS allegations "provide no evidence of scientific misconduct." This investigation was discussed in a March 30, 2007 commentary ...
sourcewatch.org/index.php/James_E._Enstrom_in_his_own_words

*  Surprise, surprise: Study says retraction notices often aren't honest about misconduct - Retraction Watch at Retraction Watch

The Office of Research Integrirty (ORI) and its dedicated scientists deserve credit for their efforts in pursuing these 208 HHS findihngs of research misconduct in its first two decades, with 127 retractions or corrections published for the 174 questioned papers, studied in Dr. Resnick's fine paper. No other agency can match this successful effort and public notification (all the ORI findings since 1992 have been pulblished in the NIH Guide and the Federal Register as well as on the ORI website) [the NSF OIG has not published the papers nor the names of the persons in its misconduct findings in its Semi-Annual Reports to Congress].. In my 17 years in ORI during this period, we always tried to require the respondent to submit an ORI-approved retraction letter to the editor (stating the name of the person whom ORI found to have falsified or fabricated the research, thus clearing the coauthors). We also notified the editor of our findings and our requirement for the retraction ...
retractionwatch.com/2012/09/05/surprise-surprise-study-says-retraction-notices-often-arent-honest-about-misconduct/

*  Imperial Tobacco - Wikipedia

Imperial Brands, anteriormente Imperial Tobacco, cuarta mayor compañía tabaquera del mundo inicialmente integrada en la British American Tobacco y escindida en 1911, comercializadora de las marcas de cigarillos: Davidoff West Drum R1 John Player Special Prima Bastos Excellence Route 66 Lambert & Butler Richmond Horizon Cabinet Embassy Regal Superkings Golden Virginia (tabaco de liar) Rizla (papel de liar) Fortuna Ducados Ducados rubio Brooklyn Nobel Coburn Farias Origenes Vegafina Bastos John Player King Size Gauloises Windsor Blue News Sitio web de Imperial Tobacco (en inglés) [1] (en español ...
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Tobacco

*  Scientific Misconduct | AHRP

Bernadine Healy, MD, a cardiologist, was the first woman Director of the National Institutes of Health (1991-1993); Dean of Ohio State University College of Medicine (1995-1999); President of the American Heart Association (1998-1999); Deputy Director of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and . . . Continue reading →. ...
ahrp.org/tag/scientific-misconduct/

*  scio10 preparation: A very brief proto-thought about civility. - Adventures in Ethics and Science

Oh, now you're getting into language. This is a common gambit for people who don't like it when what they say is criticized. Physioprof may have a far more, er, coarse style of addressing points of criticism, but frankly, I don't mind. We're all big people here. Grow a skin. I don't honestly think, either, that a whole lot of people younger than high school age are going to be reading this.. About 'anne', looking back in context at what he wrote:. " My humble advice is that if you really care about your science, you should (at a minimum) question your view that misconduct is a marginal issue.. My humble advice is that you pull your fucking head out of your fucking ass and look for some evidence beyond the obsessive ravings of a senile fuckwad that my "view [is] that misconduct is a marginal issue". You lose all credibility when you mindlessly vomit back up Rivshit's demented talking points.. My views of the prevalence of scientific ...
scienceblogs.com/ethicsandscience/2010/01/07/scio10-preparation-a-very-brie/

*  Two more retractions for former US prof who altered dozens of images - Retraction Watch at Retraction Watch

The above article, published online on October 30, 2013, in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement among the authors, the journal's Editor in Chief, David Cohen, the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed due to the inappropriate duplication of several histological images in the article. The images affected were Fig. 3D, Fig. 4C, Fig. 5C, Fig. 6B, and Fig. 6F. In addition, errors involving the use of standard deviation versus standard error of the mean were made in some of the figures. Complete details of the investigation can be found in the U.S. Office of Research Integrity's report, accessible at http://retractionwatch.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Investigative-Report_1.pdf. There were no findings of culpable research misconduct made against any of the authors in relation to this article. The authors apologize to our colleagues and the scientific community ...
retractionwatch.com/2017/09/14/two-retractions-former-us-prof-altered-dozens-images/

*  New Scientist | AHRP

Richard Smith, MD. Former Editor British Medical Journal (BMJ), a founder member of the Committee on Publication Ethics, a trustee of the UK Research Integrity Office. Dr. Smith is a fervent critic of current research and publication practices. In a provocative recent . . . Continue reading →. ...
ahrp.org/tag/new-scientist/

*  Police Misconduct and Section 1983 for the Trial Attorney - OnDemand Webinar | Lorman Education Services

Police misconduct gets a lot of media coverage and everyone is talking about it. It will be a growing area of the law. Shouldn't you be involved and up to date? Section 1983 litigation is specialized and difficult to master.
lorman.com/training/police-misconduct-and-section-1983-for-the-trial-attorney

*  'I will not stand for it:' Obama on allegations of misconduct at VA hospitals | WGN...

He promised accountability and swift action, but he's not firing Veteran Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki - yet. President Barack Obama sought to tamp down increasing calls for firm action on a growing controversy involving fraudulent record-keeping that covered up excessive and sometimes deadly w...
wgntv.com/2014/05/21/i-will-not-stand-for-it-obama-on-allegations-of-misconduct-at-va-hospitals/

*  Thinking Anglicans: Bishop Peter Ball: An Abuse of Faith

An Abuse of Faith, the independent report by Dame Moira Gibb into the Church's handling of the Bishop Peter Ball case, has been published today. Peter Ball was convicted in 2015 of misconduct in public office and indecent assaults against teenagers and young men. The report was commissioned by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, following the conviction. In her foreword Dame Moira states:. "This report considers the serious sexual wrongdoing of Peter Ball, a bishop of the Church of England who abused many boys and men over a period of twenty years or more. That is shocking in itself but is compounded by the failure of the Church to respond appropriately to his misconduct, again over a period of many years. Ball's priority was to protect and promote himself and he maligned the abused. The Church colluded with that rather than seeking to help those he had harmed, or assuring itself of the safety of others.. We were asked to consider changes necessary to ensure that ...
thinkinganglicans.org.uk/archives/007590.html

*  EMA 6516 Crystallography and X-ray Diffraction

Florida International University is a community dedicated to generating and imparting knowledge through excellent teaching and research, the rigorous and respectful exchange of ideas, and community service. All students should respect the right of others to have an equitable opportunity to learn and honestly to demonstrate the quality of their learning. Therefore, all students are expected to adhere to a standard of academic conduct, which demonstrates respect for themselves, their fellow students, and the educational mission of the University. All students are deemed by the University to understand that if they are found responsible for academic misconduct, they will be subject to the Academic Misconduct procedures and sanctions, as outlined in the Student Handbook.. ...
web.eng.fiu.edu/~chenj/EML4911.htm

*  BSCT CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS - BOYKIN SPANIEL CLUB OF TEXAS

SECTION 2. Charges. An individual member may prefer charges against another individual member for alleged misconduct prejudicial to the best interests of the club. Written charges with specifications must be filed in duplicate with the Secretary together with a deposit of $500.00, which shall be forfeited if such charges are not sustained by the board following a hearing. Written charges must be filed within 10 days of the complainant's knowledge or witness of the alleged misconduct. The Secretary shall promptly send a copy of the charges to each member of the board or present them at a board meeting, and the board shall first consider whether the actions alleged in the charges, if proven, might constitute conduct prejudicial to the best interests of the club. If the board considers that the charges do not allege conduct which would be prejudicial to the best interests of the club, it may refuse to entertain jurisdiction. If the board entertains jurisdiction of the charges, ...
texasbrowndog.com/bsct-constitution-and-bylaws.html

*  Wiltshire worker guilty of misconduct | Community Care

She did not attend the hearing but said in a statement: "I have been negligent in some areas. However, I wholeheartedly believe that the public do not have to be protected from me. I have never hurt or abused a child, a parent or family member on any of my caseload.". ...
communitycare.co.uk/2007/01/17/wiltshire-worker-guilty-of-misconduct/

*  Hospital Where Beyonce Had Her Baby Gets Clean Chit from Health Officials

Hospital where Beyonce's baby was born is cleared of any misconduct by Health officials, since media reported that the facility went overboard with security and caused problem to other parents.
medindia.net/news/Hospital-Where-Beyonce-Had-Her-Baby-Gets-Clean-Chit-from-Health-Officials-96069-1.htm

*  Youngstown Diocese Responds to Allegations Made by Road to Recovery, by Linda M. Linonis, Vindicator, March 9, 2016

The diocese had no knowledge of Baker s misbehavior until it learned of the alleged abuse, Monsignor Zuraw said. In January 2013, letters from the bishop were sent to all students who attended JFK when Baker was a teacher, coach and trainer there seeking information on abuse. And in November 2013, questionnaires went to JFK teachers and staff asking questions on Baker s behavior and how it might have put youth in danger. The response was that nothing was observed ...
bishop-accountability.org/news2016/03_04/2016_03_09_Linonis_YoungstownDiocese.htm


(1/136) Office of Research Integrity: a reflection of disputes and misunderstandings.

Each year, the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) provides billions of dollars to support over 30,000 extramural research grants to more than 2,000 institutions in the U.S. and other countries. The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is responsible for protecting the integrity of the research supported by the grants awarded for the PHS extramural research program. One of its responsibilities includes monitoring investigations into alleged or suspected scientific misconduct by institutions that receive the PHS funds. However, not all of the alleged or suspected scientific misconduct meet the the PHS definition of scientific misconduct. Among the wide range of allegations that the ORI receives are those that are ultimately determined to be authorship disputes. This article will report on ORI's functions and review some of the commonly reported allegations that do not constitute scientific misconduct according to the PHS definition.  (+info)

(2/136) Fraud, misconduct or normal science in medical research--an empirical study of demarcation.

OBJECTIVES: To study and describe how a group of senior researchers and a group of postgraduate students perceived the so-called "grey zone" between normal scientific practice and obvious misconduct. DESIGN: A questionnaire concerning various practices including dishonesty and obvious misconduct. The answers were obtained by means of a visual analogue scale (VAS). The central (two quarters) of the VAS were designated as a grey zone. SETTING: A Swedish medical faculty. SURVEY SAMPLE: 30 senior researchers and 30 postgraduate students. RESULTS: Twenty of the senior researchers and 25 of the postgraduate students answered the questionnaire. In five cases out of 14 the senior researchers' median was found to be clearly within the interval of the grey zone, compared with three cases for the postgraduate students. Three examples of experienced misconduct were provided. Compared with postgraduate students, established researchers do not call for more research ethical guidelines and restrictions. CONCLUSION: Although the results indicate that consensus exists regarding certain obvious types of misconduct the response pattern also indicates that there is no general consensus on several procedures.  (+info)

(3/136) The scientist's world.

This paper describes the features of the world of science, and it compares that world briefly with that of politics and the law. It also discusses some "postmodern" trends in philosophy and sociology that have been undermining confidence in the objectivity of science and thus have contributed indirectly to public mistrust. The paper includes broader implications of interactions of government and science.  (+info)

(4/136) Publication ethics and the research assessment exercise: reflections on the troubled question of authorship.

The research assessment exercise (RAE) forms the basis for determining the funding of higher education institutions in the UK. Monies are distributed according to a range of performance criteria, the most important of which is "research outputs". Problems to do with publication misconduct, and in particular, issues of justice in attributing authorship, are endemic within the research community. It is here argued that the research assessment exercise currently makes no explicit attempt to address these concerns, and indeed, by focusing attention on research outputs, may actually be fostering such ethical problems.  (+info)

(5/136) Scientific dishonestry: European reflections.

Scientific dishonesty has attracted increased attention around the world during the past three to four decades. Europe became aware of the problem later than the USA, but has within the past 10 years created national control systems for all biomedical projects, not only those supported by public money. The prevalence of the problem can only be calculated indirectly by referring to population figures as denominators. Measured this way, figures from Denmark as a whole show: 1-2 cases referred/million inhabitants/year, 1 case treated/million inhabitants/year, 1 case of scientific dishonesty/million inhabitants/5 years. For Finland, 1-2 cases were referred/million inhabitants/1-2 years; for Norway, similar figures of 1/4 million inhabitants/year were calculated. Figures from the Danish national independent control body 1993-7 show the distribution of the types of cases that were charged, with numbers of confirmed cases in parentheses: fabrication, 2 (1); plagiarism, 3 (0); theft, 2 (0); ghost authorship, 2 (1); false methodological description, 3 (1); twisted statistics, 2 (0); suppression of existing data, 4 (0); unwarranted use of data, 4 (0); and authorship problems, 8 (1). This survey emphasises the need for national guidelines, an independent national control body, and initiatives for strong preventive actions.  (+info)

(6/136) Responsibility for truth in research.

For over half a century, cell cultures derived from animals and humans have served researchers in various fields. To this day, cross-contamination of cultures has plagued many researchers, often leading to mistaken results, retractions of results, cover-ups and some out-and-out falsification of data and results following inadvertent use of the wrong cells. Also, during years of examining cultures for purity we learned that many virologists were not too concerned about the specificity of the cultures they used to propagate the particular virus under study as long as the substrate (whatever it might have been) gave optimal virus yield. Polio virus propagates in primate cells, and much research has involved cells from man and various species of primates. In the 1950s a large number of chimpanzees were held in captivity in Africa for extensive studies of the efficacy of polio vaccine in production at the Wistar Institute in Philadelphia and elsewhere. Chimpanzee tissues, particularly kidneys, were thus readily available and could have also provided substrates for polio virus production, since little was known about the purity of substrates and little attention was paid to their specificity at that time.  (+info)

(7/136) A survey of newly appointed consultants' attitudes towards research fraud.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of, and attitudes towards, observed and personal research misconduct among newly appointed medical consultants. DESIGN: Questionnaire study. SETTING: Mersey region, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Medical consultants appointed between Jan 1995 and Jan 2000 in seven different hospital trusts (from lists provided by each hospital's personnel department). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reported observed misconduct, reported past personal misconduct and reported possible future misconduct. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-four replies were received (a response rate of 63.6%); 55.7% of respondents had observed some form of research misconduct; 5.7% of respondents admitted to past personal misconduct; 18% of respondents were either willing to commit or unsure about possible future research misconduct. Only 17% of the respondents reported having received any training in research ethics. Anaesthetists reported a lower incidence of observed research misconduct (33.3%) than the rest of the respondents (61.5%) (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: There is a higher prevalence of observed and possible future misconduct among newly appointed consultants in the UK than in the comparable study of biomedical trainees in California. Although there is a need for more extensive studies, this survey suggests that there is a real and potential problem of research misconduct in the UK.  (+info)

(8/136) Report of a case of cyberplagiarism--and reflections on detecting and preventing academic misconduct using the Internet.

BACKGROUND: The Internet is an invaluable tool for researchers and certainly also a source of inspiration. However, never before has it been so easy to plagiarise the work of others by clipping together (copy & paste) an apparently original paper or review paper from paragraphs on several websites. Moreover, the threshold of stealing ideas, whether lifting paragraphs or perhaps even whole articles from the Internet, seems to be much lower than copying sections from books or articles. In this article, we shall use the term cyberplagarism to describe the case where someone, intentionally or inadvertently, is taking information, phrases, or thoughts from the World Wide Web (WWW) and using it in a scholarly article without attributing the origin. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate a case of cyberplagiarism and to discuss potential Methods using the Internet to detect scientific misconduct. This report was also written to stimulate debate and thought among journal editors about the use of state of the art technology to fight cyberplagiarism. METHODS: A case of a recent incident of cyberplagiarism, which occurred in the Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (JRCSEd), is reported. A systematic search of the Internet for informatics tools that help to identify plagiarism and duplicate publication was conducted. RESULTS: This is the first in-depth report of an incident where significant portions of a web article were lifted into a scholarly article without attribution. In detecting and demonstrating this incident, a tool at www.plagiarism.org, has proven to be particularly useful. The plagiarism report generated by this tool stated that more than one third (36%) of the JRCSEd article consisted of phrases that were directly copied from multiple websites, without giving attribution to this fact. CONCLUSIONS: Cyberplagiarism may be a widespread and increasing problem. Plagiarism could be easily detected by journal editors and peer-reviewers if informatics tools would be applied. There is a striking gap between what is technically possible and what is in widespread use. As a consequence of the case described in this report, JMIR has taken the lead in applying information technology to prevent and fight plagiarism by routinely checking new submissions for evidence of cyberplagiarism.  (+info)



idea is gaining


  • The once fringe idea is gaining traction among the scientific community. (the-scientist.com)

allegations


  • His Oct. 28 story on the National Institutes of Health investigation of allegations of misconduct in science in connection with Dr. Robert Gallo`s research on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) quoted extensively from that interview. (chicagotribune.com)
  • 5.4.4 Editorial Policy and Procedures for Detecting and Handling Allegations of Scientific Misconduct. (amamanualofstyle.com)

Findings


  • The clear import of this paragraph, because of the linkage of the investigation with the ``pattern of excess`` quote, is that the inquiry/investigation had made findings that caused me to conclude that there was scientific misconduct in Dr. Gallo`s laboratory and the National Cancer Institute. (chicagotribune.com)

fraud


  • plagiarism and scientific fraud. (ease.org.uk)
  • False positives: fraud and misconduct are threatening scientific research - well, psychology. (scienceblogs.com)

investigation


  • He has been dismissed on October 6, 2016 following investigation of scientific misconduct. (tbiscientific.com)

Laboratory


  • The transcript shows that the statement quoted by Mr. Crewdson was made in answering his questions about the management of Dr. Gallo`s laboratory and not about possible scientific misconduct. (chicagotribune.com)

research


  • Such policy should be embraced by every decent scientific journal because it affirms that the readers are intelligent scientists who will understand the limitations of the research work. (wordpress.com)
  • In addition, the journal commissioned at least three articles addressing different but related aspects of the rampant issues in contemporary scientific research. (wordpress.com)
  • Journals should not only concern themselves with the quality and validity of hypotheses, theories and data but they should also discuss how to improve the socio-economic framework of scientific research. (wordpress.com)
  • The manipulated data was "basic scientific research," said Westerman, who was a professional engineer for 24 years before entering politics, with degrees in agricultural and biological engineering. (wordpress.com)
  • Aarhus University now has a policy for responsible conduct of research as well as a new code of practice to ensure scientific integrity and responsible conduct of research. (au.dk)
  • Despite the notable absence of any of the scientific data needed to probe the validity of the research, Hwang's several claims were well received by the South Korean media and public, who were attracted by Hwang's claim of immeasurable economic prospect that his research was said to be promising. (wikipedia.org)

Recent


  • Without question one of the most dramatic examples of scientific misconduct in recent memory was the actions by Hendrik Schoen at Bell Laboratories. (iastate.edu)

national


  • The fraudulent data could bring into question the scientific justification of the land withdrawal, and the current political effort to establish a 1.8 million acre national monument in the region specifically to protect the area from impacts on water from uranium mining. (wordpress.com)

community


  • The analysts consistently calibrated equipment beyond what's typically allowed within the scientific community, which affected test outcomes, often altering data by as much as 20 percent, USGS spokeswoman Anne-Berry Wade previously told TheDCNF. (wordpress.com)