Schools: Educational institutions.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.School Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with health and nursing care given to primary and secondary school students by a registered nurse.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.United StatesSocioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Schools, Pharmacy: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Great BritainSex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.BrazilHealth Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Public Health Surveillance: The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)Schools, Nursing: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of nursing.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.IndiaElectronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Civil Defense: Preventive emergency measures and programs designed to protect the individual or community in times of hostile attack.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Student Dropouts: Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Communicable DiseasesAdolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.EnglandPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.New York CityAdministrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.

*  Masters in Public Health | MSc Public Health and Health Promotion

... a course designed to meet existing and emerging challenges in health. Enquire now, start January. ... Academic School. School of Health Sciences More Information:. Laura Binnie Course Leader 01224 263281 l.m.binnie@rgu.ac.uk ... What is Public Health? Information about Public Health on the NHS Health Careers website ... This course is suitable for those working in the key areas of health, public health, health improvement, health promotion, ...
rgu.ac.uk/health-professions/study-options/postgraduate/public-health-and-health-promotion/utm_campaign/Public-health/utm_source/Scotsman/utm_content/506/utm_medium/Newspaper

*  Program - School of Public Health

This is Public Health * What is Public Health? * When is your water clean enough to swim? ... School of Public Health, University of Alberta. 9:20. Opening remarks. (Salon A). Glen Abernethy, Minister of Health, ... School of Public Health Administered Awards * Al Rashid Educational Foundation Scholarship * Dawn Bucharski Graduate Award in ... Welcome to the School of Public Health at the University of Alberta. ...
https://ualberta.ca/public-health/about/academic-events/transforming-health-care/program

*  Research Excellence

School of Public Health Administered Awards * Al Rashid Educational Foundation Scholarship * Dawn Bucharski Graduate Award in ... Applied Public Health Chairs. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research-Institute of Population and Public Health in ... This is Public Health * What is Public Health? * When is your water clean enough to swim? ... The School of Public Health has an exceptional group of faculty members from various disciplines. Together, they are committed ...
https://ualberta.ca/public-health/research/research-excellence

*  Harvard University School of Public Health

... Vulnerability and Adaptation to Heat and Air Pollution in a Changing Climate. ... To mitigate the public health consequences of climate change we need to recognize the synergy due to concurrent changes in ... This is the first national study that will characterize the public health consequences of concurrent changes in exposure to ... Children's Environmental Health Supplements * Climate Change and Human Health Research * Centers, Interagency Collaborations, ...
https://niehs.nih.gov/research/supported/centers/climate/other/harvard/index.cfm

*  UNF - The Graduate School - Public Health

CEPH -- Council on Education for Public Health Curriculum and Requirements. Public Health Curriculum Epidemiology or Health ... and will possess skills and competencies necessary for public health practice in a wide range of public and private ... Master of Public Health Graduate Program Director & Advising Coordinator. Dr. Tammie Johnson ... The UNF MPH Program prepares students with a broad understanding of the core areas of public health combined with a focus on ...
unf.edu/TwoWings.aspx?dept=15032412136&lmenu=15032386007&left=15032434434&id=15032412819&LangType=1033&ekfxmen_noscript=1&ekfxmensel=e14f409f7_15032386007_15032386035

*  UNF - The Graduate School - Certificate Public Health

... understanding of the core areas of public health and skills necessary for public health practice in a wide range of public and ... Graduate Certificate in Public Health Graduate Program Director & Advising Coordinator. Dr. Tammie Johnson ... The Public Health Certificate (PHC) Program consists of five required courses. The PHC Program prepares participants with a ... The PHC is offered through the Master of Public Health (MPH) program. MPH faculty teach the required PHC courses, and students ...
https://unf.edu/TwoWings.aspx?dept=15032412136&hmenu=15032387248&lmenu=15032387250&left=15032434434&id=15032451953&ekfxmen_noscript=1&ekfxmensel=e14f409f7_15032387250_15032387255

*  Articles about Harvard School Of Public Health - latimes

Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Harvard School Of Public Health From The latimes ... Pete Wilson's dismissal of Paul Torrens of the UCLA School of Public Health and two other distinguished public health leaders ... The Harvard School of Public Health, departing from its usual mission of training doctors, said that it would join the ... The Harvard School of Public Health, departing from its usual mission of training doctors, said that it would join the ...
articles.latimes.com/keyword/harvard-school-of-public-health

*  harvard school of public health | Tag | PBS NewsHour

According to a new study, less than 2 percent of hospitals have a comprehensive electronic health record system in place, and ...
pbs.org/newshour/tag/harvard-school-of-public-health/

*  School of Public Health and Health Sciences | UMass Amherst

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umass.edu/sphhs/calendar-node-field-date/day/2014-02-10?field_event_type_tid_1=All&page=1

*  Sarah F. Poissant | School of Public Health and Health Sciences

The UMass Amherst faculty profile page for Sarah F. Poissant, Associate Professor of Communication Disorders.
umass.edu/sphhs/person/faculty/sarah-f-poissant

*  Aline C. Gubrium | School of Public Health and Health Sciences

"Realizing reproductive health equity needs more than LARC." American Journal of Public Health, Accepted September 2015. ... Global Public Health 2016, 11(5-6).. Fiddian-Green A., Gubrium A, Peterson J. "Puerto Rican Latina youth coming out to talk ... Gubrium A, Hill A, Flicker S. A situated practice of ethics for participatory visual and digital methods in public health ... I am a trained and experienced facilitator of digital storytelling workshops and use the process in public health research, ...
umass.edu/sphhs/person/faculty/aline-c-gubrium

*  Syllabi - School of Public Health

PubH 6078: Public Health Policy as a Prevention Strategy. *PubH 6100: Topics in Public Health: Design Thinking: An Innovative ... PubH 3601: Maternal and Child Health Global Public Health Issues. *PubH 3905/6905-001: Nutrition for Health Promotion and ... PubH 6636: Qualitative Research Methods in Public Health Practice. *PubH 6638: Excel® and Access® skills in public health ... PubH 3601: Maternal and Child Health Global Public Health Issues. *PubH 3955/6955:Using Policy to Address Child and Adolescent ...
sph.umn.edu/academics/syllabi/

*  History - School of Public Health

The Seven Countries Study changed the face of public health and how we think about diet, exercise and disease. It added to the ... In 1958, the university became the first school in the country to officially declare epidemiology to be a graduate school ... of epidemiology began in 1922 as an elective course offered by the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. In the ... Also in 1958, the school's most widely known "first" began: a unique population comparison of diet, risk factors, and rates of ...
sph.umn.edu/academics/divisions/epich/history/

*  News Releases - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe ... Public Affairs Media Contact for the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: Tim Parsons at 410-955-7619 or tmparson@ ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Public Health:. On the Inside. Our exclusive podcast about public health practice. ...
https://jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2012/index.html

*  Sommer Scholars - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ... In the footsteps of earlier public health leaders, Alfred Sommer followed remarkable scientific insight with perseverance and ...
https://jhsph.edu/admissions/scholarships/institutional-scholarships/sommer-scholars/scholars/index.html?scholars=325&type=new

*  Zilber School receives national accreditation | Zilber School of Public Health

Zilber School of Public Health received national accreditation this week from the Council on Education for Public Health, ... The graduate-level Zilber School joins 56 other accredited schools of public health in the United States, a list that includes ... Zilber School faculty members have made important contributions to urban public health, from creating programs that combat high ... The school offers a master of public health degree with five concentrations and three doctoral degrees. ...
uwm.edu/publichealth/zilber-school-receives-national-accreditation/

*  News Archive | School of Public Health and Health Sciences | UMass Amherst

The University of Massachusetts School of Public Health and Health Sciences is searching to fill a tenure track Assistant ... whose methodological work is inspired by pressing problems in public health. ... He will lead a community-based participatory research program in support of African-American men's health and skills for coping ... and community service in support of an emerging Center for Advancing Community Health Equity, as well as mentoring graduate and ...
umass.edu/sphhs/news-events/news-archive?field_newsdate_value[value]=&og_group_ref_target_id=All

*  Mentor Program - School of Public Health

The School of Public Health boasts the largest mentor program of any school of public health, serving approximately 475 ... In 2014, Minnesota Business Magazine awarded the School of Public Health Mentor Program with its Leaders in Health Care honor ... Our mentor program connects public health students to public health professionals to help with career and professional ... "We're shaping the future of public health," says longtime mentor Gary Greenfield, a family planning grants manager at the ...
sph.umn.edu/current/mentor/

*  Degrees and Certificates - Dornsife School of Public Health - Drexel University

Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) in Community Health and Prevention. Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) in Health Management and ... The Dornsife School of Public Health at Drexel University offers certificates, bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in all ... Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, Nesbitt Hall, 3215 Market St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, 267.359.6000, © All ... Explore our updated MPH curriculum, which provides skills to solve today's public health challenges, extensive practical ...
drexel.edu/dornsife/academics/degrees/

*  Partners and Affiliates - Dornsife School of Public Health - Drexel University

Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, Nesbitt Hall, 3215 Market St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, 267.359.6000, © All ...
drexel.edu/dornsife/global/partners-and-affiliates/

*  Nutrition Students Release 2013 Anthology | School of Public Health and Health Sciences

Students in the Nutrition Department have released 'Nutrition Matters: An anthology of articles by students in Writing in Nutrition.' Read the anthology here.
umass.edu/sphhs/news-events/nutrition-students-release-2013-anthology

*  Faculty - International Health - Departments - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ... Health Systems. Health Systems designs systems and implements equitable and cost-effective strategies for delivering health ... implementation and evaluation of social science-based public health interventions. ...
https://jhsph.edu/departments/international-health/faculty/

*  Environmental Health Academic Programs - School of Public Health

An Environmental Health degree addresses environmental and occupational health concerns as they relate to public health. ... Global Environmental Health. Examine global health from a public health perspective, including analyzing issues around water ... An Environmental Health degree addresses environmental and occupational health concerns as they relate to public health in ... residency program is a partnership of the School of Public Health's Division of Environmental Health Sciences and ...
sph.umn.edu/academics/divisions/enhs/degrees/

*  Michael Cappello, MD | Yale School of Public Health

Global Health; Infectious Disease Medicine Public Health Interests. Clinical Trials; Epidemiology Methods; Global Health; ... Yale School of Public Health 60 College Street P.O. Box 208034 New Haven CT 06520-8034 ... Africa, Western; Developing Countries; Ghana; Hookworm Infections; Malaria; Microbiology; Pediatrics; Public Health; Tropical ... Specialized Terms: global health; molecular parasitology; hookworm; malaria; vaccine development; maternal-child health; ...
medicine.yale.edu/ysph/about/contact/michael_cappello-2.profile

*  Josephine Hoh, PhD | Yale School of Public Health

Yale School of Public Health 60 College Street P.O. Box 208034 New Haven CT 06520-8034 ... Yale School of Public HealthPO Box 208034. 60 College Street. New Haven, CT 06520-8034 ... Laboratory of Epidemiology and Public Health (LEPH). 60 College Street, Ste Room 416 New Haven, CT 06510 View on map... ... If you select a health category rather than a specific study, doctors who have active studies in that area may contact you to ...
medicine.yale.edu/ysph/people/josephine_hoh-2.profile

St. Vrain Valley School DistrictPublic Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.NASN School Nurse: NASN School Nurse is an American bimonthly peer-reviewed nursing journal that covers the field of school nursing. The editor-in-chief is Cynthia Galemore.List of medical schools in the United KingdomLifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Global Health Delivery ProjectHealth policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health: The Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health is one of the eight colleges of Georgia Southern University, located in Statesboro, Georgia, in the United States.Dental Schools Council: The Dental Schools Council represents the interests of UK dental schools as it relates to national health, wealth, knowledge acquisition through teaching, research, and the profession of dentistry.Universities UK http://www.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Essence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics): Essence is the United States Department of Defense's Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Essence's goal is to monitor health data as it becomes available and discover epidemics and similar health concerns before they move out of control.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Halfdan T. MahlerUnited States Public Health ServiceGreat Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.Cigarette smoking among college students: The rates of college students smoking in the United States have fluctuated for the past twenty years. Majority of lifelong smokers begin smoking habits before the age of 24, which makes the college years a crucial time in the study of cigarette consumption.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Standard evaluation frameworkStrategic National Stockpile: The Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) is the United States' national repository of antibiotics, vaccines, chemical antidotes, antitoxins, and other critical medical equipment and supplies. In the event of a national emergency involving bioterrorism or a natural pandemic, the SNS has the capability to supplement and re-supply local health authorities that may be overwhelmed by the crisis, with response time as little as 12 hours.The Flash ChroniclesNational Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Women's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Sharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Minati SenBrian C. Bialiy: Brian C. Bialiy worked on and appeared in the award-winning documentary The Staten Island Catapult.Shabondama: is a Japanese nursery rhyme written by Ujō Noguchi in 1922. It is widely taught in Japanese nursery schools and kindergartens as a simple melody; it is also sometimes used in elementary school moral education courses, where students learn that it is a meditation on the death of a child.School meal programs in the United States: School meal programs in the United States provide school meals freely, or at a subsidized price, to the children of low income families. These free or reduced meals have the potential to increase household food security, which can improve children's health and expand their educational opportunities.Chronic care: Chronic care refers to medical care which addresses pre-existing or long term illness, as opposed to acute care which is concerned with short term or severe illness of brief duration. Chronic medical conditions include asthma, diabetes, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, congestive heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver, hypertension and depression.The Complete Stevie Wonder: The Complete Stevie Wonder is a digital compilation featuring the work of Stevie Wonder. Released a week before the physical release of A Time to Love, the set comprises almost all of Wonder's officially released material, including single mixes, extended versions, remixes, and Workout Stevie Workout, a 1963 album which was shelved and replaced by With A Song In My Heart.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Northeast Community Health CentreState health agency: A state health agency (SHA), or state department of health, is a department or agency of the state governments of the United States focused on public health. The state secretary of health is a constitutional or at times a statutory official in several states of the United States.Companies OfficeResource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.Local government areas of Scotland: Local government areas covering the whole of Scotland were first defined by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889. As currently defined, they are a result, for the most part, of the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.

(1/68) Ethics instruction at schools of public health in the United States. Association of Schools of Public Health Education Committee.

OBJECTIVES: A survey of US schools of public health was undertaken in 1996 and 1997 to obtain a general picture of public health ethics curricula. METHODS: An explanatory letter with a list of questions for discussion was sent to the deans of the accredited US schools of public health. The deans were asked that at least 1 individual at their school who "is most knowledgeable about ethics curricula" review the list of questions and complete an ethics survey contact form. RESULTS: Ethics instruction was required for all students at only 1 (4%) of the 24 schools surveyed, while 7 schools required ethics instruction for some students. Two of the schools had no ethics courses. Ethics instruction was required for all MPH students at 9 (38%) of the schools and for all doctoral students at 4 (17%) of the schools. Most of the schools (19 of 24, or 79%) offered short courses, seminar series, or invited lectures on ethical topics, and 23 (96%) included lectures on ethics topics in other courses such as health law. CONCLUSIONS: Training programs at US schools of public health vary greatly in how much attention is given to ethics instruction. Model curricula in public health ethics should be developed to help fill this gap.  (+info)

(2/68) Some trends in schools of public health.

Some of the recent changes in the schools of public health include: an increasing number of schools and of graduates; a decrease in both the awarding of the MPH degree as compared with other masters degrees, and the DrPH degree as compared with the PhD; a trend toward lengthening the time for achieving the MPH degree; an increase in part-time study for graduate degrees; institution of undergraduate programs and external masters degree programs; a thrust toward greater continuing education activities; and a broadened base for the student population in terms of the heterogeneity of professional backgrounds and prior experience, a wider age range with more younger students, more women students, fewer foreign students, and an increase in minority representation.  (+info)

(3/68) Public health training in Europe. Development of European masters degrees in public health.

BACKGROUND: Changing political and economic relations in Europe mean that there are new challenges for public health and public health training. There have been several attempts to develop training at the master's level in public health which is focused on meeting the new needs. These have failed due to being too inflexible to allow participation by schools of public health. METHODS: A project funded by the European Union involving public health trainers has developed a new approach which allows participating schools to retain their national differences and work within local rules and traditions, but which aims to introduce the European dimension into public health training. This paper reports the conclusions of this project. CONCLUSIONS: A network of schools wishing to develop European Master's degrees is being established and other schools offering good quality programmes will be able to join.  (+info)

(4/68) Public health training in Albania: long way toward a school of public health.

AIM: To assess the needs for a school of public health in Albania, where health system has been going through difficult periods of transition after the collapse of the communist regime and its "Soviet" health system in 1991. METHOD: Review of the past and current state of public health training, as well as the evolution of the main institutions involved in public health training in Albania, in view of the recent attempts undertaken to establish a school of public health. RESULTS: Up to early 1990s, public health training in Albania involved mostly physicians and was based to a great extent on sanitary engineering approach. In the mid 1990s, the activities of the Department of Public Health of the Faculty of Medicine in Tirana focused on development of comprehensive public health training program. The aim of the current 2-year training program is to train public health specialists in a new fashion, in line with current international trends in the "new" public health. However, the size and the background of the faculty of the Department of Public Health (8 members, 7 physicians) is too limited and medically oriented. Since 1969, the Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology (later National Institute of Public Health) has been providing short-term (1-3 months) courses for hygienists, chemists, and microbiologists working at the district level. CONCLUSION: Only the establishment of a school of public health capable to train specialists according to international standards can meet the health needs of Albania.  (+info)

(5/68) Trust and collaboration in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.

High rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are sustained in communities by a relatively small group of people, referred to as the core of transmission. Definitions of the core vary but inevitably include people who are socially marginalized and who distrust people in authority, such as public health practitioners and university researchers. Having an effect on a marginalized group usually depends on effective collaboration with people they trust. Researchers from the University of North Carolina School of Public Health developed a trust-based collaboration with community members of a rural county in North Carolina to implement an STD prevention program that, in turn, relied on trust in local social networks. As part of the STD prevention demonstration project, the research team established a community resource group made up of local African Americans who helped design, implement, and evaluate the intervention. The group identified 21 women to whom others in the community turned for advice on sex and STDs. These women were trained as lay health advisors to disseminate information and skills for preventing STDs among their social networks. Through face-to-face structured interviews before and after the intervention, the authors measured improvements in STD treatment and prevention behaviors. The proportion of people practicing each of the targeted behaviors improved during the evaluation period. In addition to disseminating information through their own social networks, the lay health advisors demonstrated new skills and a desire to interact with local care providers to influence the provision of care for STDs for low-income African Americans in this county. Each participant in the collaboration played a role in establishing or building upon trust with others. These trusting relationships were critical for empowering a marginalized group at high risk for STDs.  (+info)

(6/68) A collaborative program between a school of public health and a local health department to increase HIV testing of pregnant women.

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a continuing medical education (CME) program that sought to increase HIV testing of women attending maternity clinics of the City of Houston Department of Health and Human Services (HDHHS). The CME program consisted of 14 training sessions given in 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2000. Educational objectives included increasing patient knowledge of HIV perinatal testing, increasing patient appreciation of the importance of HIV testing, and developing staff skills in educating and counseling women to accept HIV testing during pregnancy. METHODS: The CME program was based on assessment of clinician learning needs and an algorithm of the testing process, both jointly developed by faculty from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health and HDHHS personnel. The algorithm was also used to assess the care delivered. The CME was evaluated by examining changes in the percentage of women tested in the maternity clinics. RESULTS: In 1995, the year before the education program, 5.7% of women seen in the maternity clinics were tested for HIV. After the program began, testing rates rose to 64.2% in 1996, 65.5% in 1997, and 43.3% in 1998. Given the decline in testing in 1998, additional CME sessions were conducted in 1999-2000. The rate of testing rose to 62.3% in 1999 and 76.5% in 2000. CONCLUSION: Cooperative planning between university and health department personnel can create CME programs that alter provider behaviors and service delivery patterns to increase HIV testing. Outcomes need to be regularly monitored, however, to determine the need for maintenance or performance reinforcement.  (+info)

(7/68) Is a general women's health promotion program as effective as an HIV-intensive prevention program in reducing HIV risk among Hispanic women?

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether participants in an HIV-intensive prevention program and participants in a general women's health promotion program reported greater HIV risk-reduction than participants in a wait-list control group immediately following program participation and at three-month follow-up. METHODS: The authors studied 162 Hispanic women ages 18 to 35 years, most of them immigrants. Three-fourths of the sample (74%) reported earning less than $800 a month, 29% did not have a high school degree, and 90% had children. Data were gathered through surveys at baseline, at intervention completion, and at three-month follow-up. Information was collected on sociodemographics, HIV risk factors, and risk behaviors. Crude and adjusted (for demographics and dose) logistic regression analyses were used to assess program effects on participants' risk reduction. RESULTS: Crude logistic regression analyses reveal that both programs resulted in increased condom use at post-test and follow-up. Only participants in the HIV-intensive prevention program reported increased safer sex negotiation at post-test and follow-up, however, and only participants in the women's health promotion program reported increased HIV testing at post-test. CONCLUSION: Both interventions increased condom use. The HIV-intensive prevention program appeared to be more effective in promoting safer sex negotiation, and the women's health promotion program appeared more effective in promoting HIV testing. The findings suggest that both approaches may be viable ways to package HIV prevention for short-term behavior change in this population.  (+info)

(8/68) Low-income minority women at risk for cervical cancer: a process to improve adherence to follow-up recommendations.

OBJECTIVE: The Houston Department of Health and Human Services (HDHHS) has a centralized process for notifying and setting up follow-up appointments for women with abnormal Pap smears who are clients of HDHHS health centers. Faculty and a student from the University of Texas School of Public Health and HDHHS personnel jointly conducted a study to evaluate the process and performance of the system. METHODS: The study examined two subpopulations: women with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASCUS/LGSIL) and women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (HGSIL/AGCUS). A retrospective study was conducted of data on women attending eight HDHHS clinics during the period from February 1996 through August 2000. Records of 1,216 women referred for evaluation of abnormal Pap smears were reviewed. Process effectiveness was measured by the number of successful contacts made and the number of appointments set up. Performance was measured by compliance with referral appointments. Predictors included race/ethnicity, age, co-existence of a sexually transmitted disease, number of prior referrals, type of patient visit, and health center attended. RESULTS: HDHHS staff successfully notified 95.6% of women with ASCUS/LGSIL and 97.9% of women with HGSIL/AGCUS. Using performance criteria as outcome measures, high-risk women requiring targeted interventions were identified. Overall, 84.2% of women scheduled appointments. Among those with ASCUS/LGSIL, women identified as African American were 53% less likely to accept an appointment and 45% less likely to show up for the appointment than those identified as Hispanic or "other." Age and type of patient visit appeared to be significantly associated with patient compliance behavior. CONCLUSION: The study describes the effectiveness of a centralized patient follow-up process for women at risk for cervical cancer.  (+info)



nurses


  • The Region of Waterloo and the Ontario Nurses Association have reached a tentative agreement for public health nurses, who were prepared to strike Wednesday morning. (cbc.ca)
  • The Region of Waterloo and its public health nurses have reached a tentative contract agreement. (cbc.ca)
  • I have also participated in the interview process on a panel, & it is shocking how many nurses believe public health is primary care for the poor. (allnurses.com)
  • Easing the burden on health departments: a cost-effective method for public health nurses to increase private sector participation in the early and perioidc screening, diagnosis, and treatment program. (ehesp.fr)
  • Health departments and public health nurses (PHNs) bear a major burden conducting EPSDT screenings because many private physicians choose not to provide these services. (ehesp.fr)
  • Public health nurses (PHNs) often work for the public health department or in other public or governmental organizations. (wikihow.com)
  • Public health nurses work with individuals, families, and communities in a variety of settings. (wikihow.com)
  • Public health nurses earn on average about $53,000 per year. (wikihow.com)
  • Health Promotion Services/School Nurse Program provides consultation to school nurses, school nurse leaders, school administrators and the community regarding the health and safety of students. (ct.gov)
  • Professional development programs are periodically organized to further assist and support school nurses. (ct.gov)
  • Public health nurses are qualified and registered nurses who have chosen to undertake further training in order to specialise in areas such as health protection or sexual health. (qni.org.uk)
  • Public Health Nurses have additional training which means they play a vital role in promoting and protecting the public's health. (qni.org.uk)
  • Public health nurses are employed in a variety of settings including Public Health England, local authorities and the NHS. (qni.org.uk)

Nursing


  • Please Take Our Nursing School Survey. (allnurses.com)
  • Did not enjoy acute care during nursing school so I'm absolutely thrilled to have the opportunity to interview for a PHN I position. (allnurses.com)
  • Welcome to Public Health Nursing! (allnurses.com)
  • Their job is to focus on the population as a whole by promoting and protecting health through knowledge from nursing, social and public health sciences. (wikihow.com)
  • Learn about the benefits and demands of public health nursing. (wikihow.com)
  • If you like working with people and helping them, then public health nursing could be a great choice for you. (wikihow.com)
  • If you like learning and sticking to a goal, public health nursing could be an excellent career decision for you. (wikihow.com)
  • If you plan to pursue a graduate degree in public health nursing, you may require additional coursework and practical training before you can begin. (wikihow.com)
  • Does public health nursing fit your personality? (wikihow.com)
  • The current outlook on job prospects in public health nursing is excellent and the average salary may afford you a comfortable lifestyle. (wikihow.com)
  • School nursing is a specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well-being, academic success, and life-long achievement of students. (ct.gov)

PHNs


  • Thus PHNs concerned about children's access to health care may have to encourage provision of EPSDT through the private sector. (ehesp.fr)

nurse


  • new grad here wondering if anyone has advice on what questions to expect for public health nurse interviews? (allnurses.com)
  • Although being a public health nurse requires a lot of work, it can be an incredibly rewarding profession if you like working with and helping people. (wikihow.com)
  • You'll need to have knowledge of being a clinical nurse as well as of public health and social sciences like sociology and psychology. (wikihow.com)
  • Before you take the plunge to become a public health nurse, you first need to consider your abilities and education. (wikihow.com)
  • Thinking about what you have to offer can help you decide the best path to pursue being a public health nurse. (wikihow.com)
  • One way to help you decide is to think about an experience you've had with a public health nurse. (wikihow.com)
  • Some communities allow persons with an associate's degree to work as a public health nurse. (wikihow.com)
  • Think about whether being a public health nurse will affect your lifestyle and even that of your family. (wikihow.com)
  • Don't forget you may have to repay substantial student loans, as becoming a nurse requires many years of school. (wikihow.com)
  • This can help ensure you not only understand the various aspects of being a nurse, but may also expedite furthering your education and career as a public health nurse. (wikihow.com)

policy


  • You may also require additional training in public health, public health policy, or health administration. (wikihow.com)

resources


  • Many libraries' collections are counted as part of the main university system library resources, and could therefore not specifically determine the precise medical school collections. (bestmastersdegrees.com)
  • The schools selected each possess distinct resources or collections of interest and assistance to medical students. (bestmastersdegrees.com)
  • The library's thorough resources, including its extensive print volumes, databases, e-journals, and portals, are available to members of the Yale community, and the Medical History Library reading room and Cushing Center are open to the public at specified times. (bestmastersdegrees.com)
  • Given scarce resources, health departments alone may be unable to meet the mandate for increased EPSDT services. (ehesp.fr)

Services


  • The program provides comprehensive health services to children from low-income families on Medicaid and has been shown to improve health and reduce health care costs. (ehesp.fr)
  • This consultation and technical assistance includes addressing the provisions of health services during the school day and the promotion of health and wellness activities that support student achievement. (ct.gov)
  • Results of the survey are used to develop an annual report on school health services in Connecticut. (ct.gov)
  • The Health Services Program Information Survey Reports can be downloaded for each year that the survey was conducted. (ct.gov)

improve


  • The national network to improve the health of vulnerable or marginalised groups in the community. (qni.org.uk)

people


  • This might be by promoting healthy lifestyles and reducing the likelihood of ill-health, supporting people who have long-term illness, or preventing illness through immunisations or screening interventions. (qni.org.uk)

enjoy


  • If you don't enjoy working with the public, then this is probably not the right job for you. (wikihow.com)

time


  • The list considered libraries with notable highlights, like accessibility, public access, length of time open, or environmental considerations. (bestmastersdegrees.com)
  • Remember that you will have to pay taxes and other fees for your salary, but that you will also get health benefits and vacation and sick time. (wikihow.com)

early


  • Built in 1941, the Yale School of Medicine's library dates back to the early 18th century when Elihu Yale donated the school's first medical texts. (bestmastersdegrees.com)