Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Salmonella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.Salmonella typhimurium: A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.Salmonella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Salmonella enterica: A subgenus of Salmonella containing several medically important serotypes. The habitat for the majority of strains is warm-blooded animals.Salmonella Infections, Animal: Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Salmonella enteritidis: A serotype of Salmonella enterica which is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in man and other animals.Salmonella typhi: A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA which is the etiologic agent of TYPHOID FEVER.Salmonella Phages: Viruses whose host is Salmonella. A frequently encountered Salmonella phage is BACTERIOPHAGE P22.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.

*  Multiple-Serotype Salmonella Gastroenteritis Outbreak After a Reception --- Connecticut, 2009

In September 2009, the Connecticut Department of Public Health (DPH) identified an outbreak of Salmonella gastroenteritis among attendees at a reception. A case-control study and environmental and laboratory investigations were conducted. Nine case-patients and 14 control subjects were identified. Potato salad consumption was strongly associated with illness (odds ratio [OR] = 84.0). During the investigation, food service workers were observed to have bare-handed contact with ready-to-eat food. Five case-patients and one asymptomatic food service worker had stool samples positive for Salmonella species. Two Salmonella serotypes were identified, Salmonella enterica serovar Schwarzengrund and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium variant O:5--, including coinfection in one case-patient and one food service worker. The isolates of each respective serotype (S. ...
https://cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5934a1.htm

*  Investigation Announcement: Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Enteritidis Infections Linked to Alfalfa Sprouts and Spicy...

Investigation Announcement: Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Enteritidis Infections Linked to Alfalfa Sprouts and Spicy Sprouts
https://cdc.gov/salmonella/sprouts-enteritidis0611/062611/index.html

*  Investigation Announcement: Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Enteritidis Infections Linked to Alfalfa Sprouts and Spicy...

Investigation Announcement: Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Enteritidis Infections Linked to Alfalfa Sprouts and Spicy Sprouts
https://cdc.gov/salmonella/sprouts-enteritidis0611/070611/index.html

*  UK Food Law News (02-107)

Two outbreaks of an unusual strain of salmonella (Enteritidis PT 14b) have led the Food Standards Agency to re-emphasise its advice to food businesses about only using properly cooked or pasteurised egg. Over 150 people have been taken ill since early September in the South East and North West of England and one person in Cheshire died last weekend. The symptoms are diarrhoea, vomiting and fever.. The Agency is also stressing the need for good hygiene practice in the handling and use of ordinary eggs on the premises.. Efforts have been made to identify the source or sources of the outbreaks by local Environmental Health Officers and the Public Health Laboratory Service, centring on London and Cheshire. This work is still underway. A common thread in both outbreaks relates to the use and handling of ordinary eggs by a local food business in each of the outbreak areas. It has long been known that some eggs may be contaminated with the ...
reading.ac.uk/foodlaw/news/uk-02107.htm

*  Creamy Peanut Butter Tart with Picture

Creamy Peanut Butter Tart. printed from melskitchencafe.com. *Note: The unbelievable greatness of this dessert lies in the smoothness of the peanut butter filling. I used my Blendtec blender to combine the filling ingredients. If you don't have a blender, try a food processor or even a handheld mixer. Just make sure to process or whip long enough to create a very smooth, light and fluffy filling.. *Serves 6-8. INGREDIENTS:. 9-10 rectangle graham crackers, crushed into fine crumbs (about 1 sleeve of graham crackers). 6 tablespoons butter, melted. 3 ounces milk or semisweet chocolate, finely chopped. 1 1/2 cups heavy cream, divided. 3/4 cup creamy peanut butter. 4 ounces cream cheese, softened. 1/3 cup sweetened condensed milk. DIRECTIONS:. In a medium bowl, combine the graham cracker crumbs and the butter. Mix until combined. Place the crumbs in a 9- or 10-inch tart pan or pie plate. Press the crumbs evenly over the bottom and up the sides of the pan. Refrigerate while proceeding with the ...
https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=1cMCaKqH8OohUbIt1Oos0tQC_HMwkSCTnju5TdMB-awk

*  Lessons from the 2008 salmonella outbreak - latimes

During the salmonella outbreak of 2008 and 2009 nine people died, 166 were hospitalized and more than 700 fell ill. Authorities ultimately traced the contamination of Salmonella Typhimurium back to
articles.latimes.com/2011/aug/17/news/la-heb-salmonella-peanuts-20110817

*  Criminal Investigation Launched in Salmonella Outbreak - ABC News

The Food and Drug Administration said Friday that its criminal division and the Department of Justice are investigating the Georgia peanut processing plant that is linked to a widespread salmonella outbreak.
abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=6770594&page=2

*  Torquay cafe closes its doors because of suspected salmonella outbreak - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

The Department of Health is investigating whether poor food handling caused a suspected salmonella outbreak at a popular cafe at Torquay, on the surf coast.
abc.net.au/news/2014-02-13/torquay-cafe-closes-its-doors-because-of-suspected-salmonella-o/5258730

*  Timeline of the Salmonella Outbreak - ABC News

Timeline: Track the chain of events in a widespread salmonella outbreak that has led to the recall of more than 1,550 peanut products.
abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=6837291&page=3

*  New Salmonella Outbreak Leaves Health Officials Stumped

Shortly after facing one of the largest salmonella outbreaks ever in the United States, health officials are investigating another spate of cases around the country.
findingdulcinea.com/news/health/2009/jan/New-Salmonella-Outbreak-Leaves-Health-Officials-Stumped.html

*  Salmonella Outbreak Raises a Red Flag

The ongoing salmonella outbreak has sickened hundreds of people and played a part in eight deaths, and that's the good news, experts tell MSNBC. The strain in question responds to the standard treatment,... Health News Summaries. | Newser
newser.com/story/49223/salmonella-outbreak-raises-a-red-flag.html

*  Molecular fingerprinting defines a strain of Salmonella enterica serotype Anatum responsible for an international outbreak...

Molecular fingerprinting defines a strain of Salmonella enterica serotype Anatum responsible for an international outbreak associated with formula-dried milk - Volume 121 Issue 2 - E. J. THRELFALL, L. R. WARD, M. D. HAMPTON, A. M. RIDLEY, B. ROWE, D. ROBERTS, R. J. GILBERT, P. VAN SOMEREN, P. G. WALL, P. GRIMONT
https://cambridge.org/core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection/article/molecular-fingerprinting-defines-a-strain-of-salmonella-enterica-serotype-anatum-responsible-for-an-international-outbreak-associated-with-formuladried-milk/44CEDA363D6FBBDF332E7C238AC22BD0

*  Difference Between Peanut Butter and Sunflower Butter | Difference Between

Peanut Butter vs. Sunflower Butter Peanut butter is a popular and tasty food paste made from dried and roasted ground peanuts that is either sold in the two
differencebetween.net/object/comparisons-of-food-items/difference-between-peanut-butter-and-sunflower-butter/

*  Kellogg recalls peanut butter products - UPI.com

Kellogg Co. Saturday said it is recalling some products containing peanut butter that 'have the potential' to be linked to a U.S. Salmonella outbreak.
https://upi.com/Business_News/2009/01/17/Kellogg-recalls-peanut-butter-products/UPI-33721232235067/?rel=44181291665986

*  Feds link Framingham pharmacy drug to nationwide outbreak

Federal regulators confirmed Wednesday the presence of a fungus in an unopened vial of steroids from the Framingham pharmacy at the center of a nationwide meningitis outbreak that matches the type found in most of the sick patients.
wcvb.com/article/feds-link-framingham-pharmacy-drug-to-meningitis-outbreak-1/8174642

*  Sprout-linked Salmonella outbreak sickens 6 more | CIDRAP

(CIDRAP News) The number of people sickened in a 10-state Salmonella Newport outbreak linked to alfalfa sprouts has risen to 28, and officials are continuing their probe at a California processor identified earlier in the traceback investigation, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said yesterday.
cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2010/05/sprout-linked-salmonella-outbreak-sickens-6-more

*  North Carolina's Fourth Salmonella Outbreak in 2012 Leads to Another Salmonella Lawsuit

Charlotte, NC (PRWEB) June 11, 2012 -- The food poisoning attorneys at Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm, along with Ashville law firm Roberts & Stevens,
prweb.com/releases/2012/6/prweb9593630.htm

*  Amish Peanut Butter Spread Recipe

Feeds over an 100 this is an amish peanut butter spread they make and serve with bread in all there restaurants ; they also take this to there church gatherings, this is a delicious spread.
grouprecipes.com/48903/amish-peanut-butter-spread.html

*  Salmonella outbreak: No source confirmed - UPI.com

At least 93 people became sick with a strain of salmonella Bareilly in 19 states and the District of Columbia since January, U.S. health officials said.
upi.com/Health_News/2012/04/04/Salmonella-outbreak-No-source-confirmed/UPI-46011333577716/?rel=40971333777823

*  Papaya salmonella outbreak expands to 19 states - CNN

Thirty-two more salmonella cases, including 10 hospitalizations, linked to yellow Maradol papayas from Mexico have been reported, bringing the number of people affected to 141 across 19 states.
edition.cnn.com/2017/08/11/health/papaya-salmonella-outbreak/index.html

*  Cookies, peanut butter, commercially prepared, regular Nutrition

... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
bellaonline.com/nutrition/detail.asp?id=18185&qty=2

*  Peanut Butter Frosting

This luscious peanut butter frosting couldn't be easier to make -- set aside five minutes and some pantry items, and this dessert topper will be ready before you know it!
redbookmag.com/food-recipes/recipes/a26325/peanut-butter-frosting-4358/

*  Tainted steroids infect Nassau man | Newsday

A Nassau man who came down with septic arthritis has been confirmed as New York State's first case in the national outbreak of fungal illnesses
newsday.com/long-island/nassau/tainted-steroids-infect-nassau-man-1.4130665

*  Tomatoes called likely source in Salmonella outbreak | CIDRAP

Jul 22, 2003 (CIDRAP News) The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has contracted with the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) to conduct a thorough inventory of steps food processors can take to prevent intentional food contamination.
cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2004/07/tomatoes-called-likely-source-salmonella-outbreak

*  Consumers still shaken by salmonella outbreak - CBC News - Latest Canada, World, Entertainment and Business News

The tomato scare may be over, but it has taken a toll, costing the industry an estimated $100 million US and left millions of people with a new wariness about the safety of everyday foods.
cbc.ca/news/consumers-still-shaken-by-salmonella-outbreak-1.751740

(1/379) Feed deprivation affects crop environment and modulates Salmonella enteritidis colonization and invasion of leghorn hens.

Leghorn hens over 50 weeks of age were assigned to two treatment groups designated as either unmolted controls or molted. A forced molt was induced by a 9-day feed withdrawal, and each hen was challenged orally with 10(5) Salmonella enteritidis organisms on day 4 of feed withdrawal. On days 4 and 9 of molt, the numbers of lactobacilli and the concentrations of lactate, acetate, propionate, and butyrate, and total volatile fatty acids in the crops decreased while crop pH increased significantly (P < 0.05) in the molted hens compared to the controls. S. enteritidis crop and cecal colonization, in addition to spleen and liver invasion, increased significantly (P < 0.05) in the molted hens compared to the controls. The invasive phenotype of Salmonella spp. is complex and requires several virulence genes which are regulated by the transcriptional activator HilA. Samples of the crop contents from the molted and unmolted birds were pooled separately, centrifuged, and filter sterilized. The sterile crop contents were then used to measure the expression of hilA. By using a lacZY transcriptional fusion to the hilA gene in S. enteritidis, we found that hilA expression was 1.6- to 2.1-fold higher in the crop contents from molted birds than in those from control birds in vitro. The results of the study suggest that the changes in the microenvironment of the crop caused by feed deprivation are important regulators of S. enteritidis survival and influence the susceptibility of molted hens to S. enteritidis infections. Furthermore, our in vitro results on the expression of hilA suggest that the change in crop environment during feed withdrawal has the potential to significantly affect virulence by increasing the expression of genes necessary for intestinal invasion.  (+info)

(2/379) Combinations of intervention treatments resulting in 5-log10-unit reductions in numbers of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella typhimurium DT104 organisms in apple cider.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently mandated a warning statement on packaged fruit juices not treated to reduce target pathogen populations by 5 log10 units. This study describes combinations of intervention treatments that reduced concentrations of mixtures of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (strains ATCC 43895, C7927, and USDA-FSIS-380-94) or Salmonella typhimurium DT104 (DT104b, U302, and DT104) by 5 log10 units in apple cider with a pH of 3.3, 3.7, and 4.1. Treatments used were short-term storage at 4, 25, or 35 degrees C and/or freeze-thawing (48 h at -20 degrees C; 4 h at 4 degrees C) of cider with or without added organic acids (0.1% lactic acid, sorbic acid [SA], or propionic acid). Treatments more severe than those for S. typhimurium DT104 were always required to destroy E. coli O157:H7. In pH 3.3 apple cider, a 5-log10-unit reduction in E. coli O157:H7 cell numbers was achieved by freeze-thawing or 6-h 35 degrees C treatments. In pH 3.7 cider the 5-log10-unit reduction followed freeze-thawing combined with either 6 h at 4 degrees C, 2 h at 25 degrees C, or 1 h at 35 degrees C or 6 h at 35 degrees C alone. A 5-log10-unit reduction occurred in pH 4.1 cider after the following treatments: 6 h at 35 degrees C plus freeze-thawing, SA plus 12 h at 25 degrees C plus freeze-thawing, SA plus 6 h at 35 degrees C, and SA plus 4 h at 35 degrees C plus freeze-thawing. Yeast and mold counts did not increase significantly (P < 0.05) during the 6-h storage at 35 degrees C. Cider with no added organic acids treated with either 6 h at 35 degrees C, freeze-thawing or their combination was always preferred by consumers over pasteurized cider (P < 0.05). The simple, inexpensive intervention treatments described in the present work could produce safe apple cider without pasteurization and would not require the FDA-mandated warning statement.  (+info)

(3/379) Clinical and veterinary isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis defective in lipopolysaccharide O-chain polymerization.

Twelve human and chicken isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis belonging to phage types 4, 8, 13a, and 23 were characterized for variability in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) composition. Isolates were differentiated into two groups, i.e., those that lacked immunoreactive O-chain, termed rough isolates, and those that had immunoreactive O-chain, termed smooth isolates. Isolates within these groups could be further differentiated by LPS compositional differences as detected by gel electrophoresis and gas liquid chromatography of samples extracted with water, which yielded significantly more LPS in comparison to phenol-chloroform extraction. The rough isolates were of two types, the O-antigen synthesis mutants and the O-antigen polymerization (wzy) mutants. Smooth isolates were also of two types, one producing low-molecular-weight (LMW) LPS and the other producing high-molecular-weight (HMW) LPS. To determine the genetic basis for the O-chain variability of the smooth isolates, we analyzed the effects of a null mutation in the O-chain length determinant gene, wzz (cld) of serovar Typhimurium. This mutation results in a loss of HMW LPS; however, the LMW LPS of this mutant was longer and more glucosylated than that from clinical isolates of serovar Enteritidis. Cluster analysis of these data and of those from two previously characterized isogenic strains of serovar Enteritidis that had different virulence attributes indicated that glucosylation of HMW LPS (via oafR function) is variable and results in two types of HMW structures, one that is highly glucosylated and one that is minimally glucosylated. These results strongly indicate that naturally occurring variability in wzy, wzz, and oafR function can be used to subtype isolates of serovar Enteritidis during epidemiological investigations.  (+info)

(4/379) Outbreak of Salmonella serotype Muenchen infections associated with unpasteurized orange juice--United States and Canada, June 1999.

During June 1999, Public Health-Seattle and King County (PHSKC) and the Washington state health department and the Oregon Health Division independently investigated clusters of diarrheal illness attributed to Salmonella serotype Muenchen infections in each state. Both clusters were associated with a commercially distributed unpasteurized orange juice traced to a single processor, which distributes widely in the United States. As of July 13, 207 confirmed cases associated with this outbreak have been reported by 15 states and two Canadian provinces; an additional 91 cases of S. Muenchen infection reported since June 1 are under investigation. This report summarizes the two state-based investigations and presents preliminary information about the outbreak in the other states and Canada.  (+info)

(5/379) An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium DT170 associated with kebab meat and yogurt relish.

During July 1995, an outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium definitive type (DT) 170, an unusual strain, occurred in South Wales. A case-control study found that illness was associated with eating kebabs (odds ratio undefined, P = 0.002), doner kebabs (odds ratio 7.9, 95 % confidence interval 1.5-20.5, P = 0.02) and kebabs with yoghurt based relish (odds ratio undefined, P = 0.009) but not with eating kebabs with mayonnaise-based relish (odds ratio 2.4, 95 % confidence interval 0.4-13.9, P = 0.53). Environmental investigations discovered a complex web of producers and wholesale suppliers. Kebab meat and yoghurt had been supplied to the two main implicated outlets by a single wholesaler. Samples of raw minced lamb and several environmental swabs taken at the wholesaler were positive for S. typhimurium DT170. Blood-stained, unsealed yoghurt pots were observed to be stored under a rack of raw lamb. Investigators of food poisoning outbreaks linked to takeaway food should consider cross-contaminated relishes and dressings as well as undercooked meat as potential vehicles of infection.  (+info)

(6/379) Outbreaks of salmonellosis associated with eating uncooked tomatoes: implications for public health. The Investigation Team.

Laboratory-based surveillance of salmonella isolates serotyped at four state health departments (Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin) led to the identification of multistate outbreaks of salmonella infections during 1990 (176 cases of S. javiana) and 1993 (100 cases of S. montevideo). Community-based case-control studies and product traceback implicated consumption of tomatoes from a single South Carolina tomato packer (Packer A) MOR 16.0; 95% CI2.1, 120.6; P < 0.0001 in 1990 and again in 1993 (MOR 5.7; 95 % CI 1.5, 21.9; P = 0.01) as the likely vehicle. Contamination likely occurred at the packing shed, where field grown tomatoes were dumped into a common water bath. These outbreaks represent part of a growing trend of large geographically dispersed outbreaks caused by sporadic or low-level contamination of widely distributed food items. Controlling contamination of agricultural commodities that are also ready-to-eat foods, particularly fruits and vegetables, presents a major challenge to industry, regulators and public health officials.  (+info)

(7/379) The Abuela Project: safe cheese workshops to reduce the incidence of Salmonella typhimurium from consumption of raw-milk fresh cheese.

OBJECTIVES: A multiagency intervention was implemented in Yakima County, Wash, to reduce the incidence of Salmonella serotype Typhimurium infections resulting from eating queso fresco (fresh cheese) made from raw milk, a traditional food in the Hispanic diet. METHODS: A pasteurized-milk queso fresco recipe with taste and texture acceptable to the Hispanic community was developed. Trained Hispanic volunteers conducted safe cheese workshops, which were attended by more than 225 persons. RESULTS: Workshop participants' acceptance of the new recipe was excellent and positive behavior changes were maintained over 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Educational interventions in Hispanic communities can reduce the incidence of Salmonella Typhimurium associated with eating queso fresco.  (+info)

(8/379) An international outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis associated with lasagne; lessons on the need for cross-national co-operation in investigating food-borne outbreaks.

We investigated an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis involving at least 19 British tourists returning from one hotel in another European country. A retrospective cohort study of 47 hotel guests identified lasagne as the most likely vehicle of transmission (RR 11.5; 95% CI 3.0-44.1; P < 0.0001). However, difficulties in information exchange and lack of formal mechanisms to agree on the aims of the cross-national investigation hampered efficient management of the outbreak. The factors leading to contamination of the food vehicle were not identified and therefore specific action to prevent reoccurrence could not be taken. There is need to develop protocols for cross-national investigations of outbreaks in Europe which should include specifying objectives, roles and responsibilities of investigators and control agencies, with formal reporting of the outcome of the investigation.  (+info)



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