*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: mtDNA distribution in European Russian populations

Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism in Russian Population form Five Oblasts of the European Part of Russia. I. Yu. Morozova et al.. ...

*  Fabergé dentures gave female aristocrat jaw dropping smile | The Times & The Sunday Times

No wonder Russia had a revolution: archaeologists digging near St Petersburg have discovered the body of an early 20th century ... the capital of Romanov Tsarist Russia. It had been ravaged by war, notably in the Nazi occupation during the siege of Leningrad ...

*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Y chromosomes from European part of Russia

Labels haplogroup, N1c, R1a, Russia, Y chromosome 1 comment:. Frequent Reader said... I love this blog, thanks for sharing.. - ... Boundaries and clines in the West Eurasian Y-chromosome landscape: Insights from the European part of Russia. Angela Fechner et ... The European part of Russia is situated in between these three regions; to determine if these differences reflect clines or ... we analyzed 12 Y-SNPs in 545 males from 12 populations from the European part of Russia. The majority of Russian Y chromosomes ...

*  Russia's Best Bet - The New York Times

And Russia is finally developing a political system that can begin to shape the direction of change instead of simply damming ... The truth is, being an unknown is not only a distinct political advantage in Russia, it was a necessity for Mr. Putin, who had ... Under his leadership Russia will not become France. The government will, however, reflect the Russian people's desire for a ... Russia's Best Bet. By BORIS NEMTSOV and IAN BREMMER. JAN. 5, 2000. ...

*  Russia - Wikitravel

Since then, Russia has struggled in its efforts to build a democratic political system and market economy to replace the strict ... A determined guerrilla conflict still plagues Russia in Chechnya. ... Map of Russia. Location Northern Asia (that part west of the ... Russia Day, 12 June (1990). Constitution adopted 12 December 1993. Legal system based on civil law system; judicial review of ... Russia hastens to delimit and demarcate boundary with Kazakhstan to limit illegal border activities; in 2002, Russia is the ...

*  Russia - Wikitravel

While geographically mostly in Asia, the bulk of Russia's population is concentrated in the European part, and culturally, ... Russia (Russian: Россия) [http://www.russiatourism.ru/en] is by far the largest country in the world, covering more than one- ... Russia can't be understood by mind,. Nor measured by common yardstick.. She has of herself a unique build:. Russia can only be ... The only exclave of Russia, the Kaliningrad oblast allows a gate for Russia to share borders with Poland and Lithuania, and is ...

*  Russia - Wikitravel

Modesty is a virtue in in Russia. Bragging about or showing off your wealth is incredibly impolite in Russia, as is asking ... Russia can't be understood by mind,. Nor measured by common yardstick.. She has of herself a unique build:. Russia can only be ... Upon leaving Russia, a lost migration card may result a nominal fine. Belarus is a special case because Russia and Belarus run ... Kaliningrad Oblast (often considered as a part of Northwestern Russia). The only exclave of Russia (an area not connected ...

*  Multimedia | Greenpeace Russia

Find multimedia and interactive features including audio slide shows, photos, special reports and video on climate, oceans, forests, toxics, peac and disarmarment, sustainable agriclture and more ...

*  Geology of Russia - Wikipedia

The orogens within Russia belong to the Baltic Shield, the Timanides, the Urals, the Altai Mountains, the Ural-Mongolian ... The European part of Russia is on the East European craton, at the heart of which is a complex of igneous and metamorphic rocks ... This is known as the Altai-Sayan orogen and is part of the belt present in Russia, along with the Transbaikalia and Primorje ... The European part of Russia lies on the East European platform, a region up to 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi) wide covered by more ...

*  Russia - Wikipedia

Russia at UCB Libraries GovPubs Russia from the BBC News Russia at Encyclopædia Britannica Key Development Forecasts for Russia ... Russia portal Europe portal Outline of Russia Consecration of Russia Index of Soviet Union-related articles "ВПН-2010". perepis ... "RUSSIA:Jehovah's Witnesses banned, property confiscated". "Russia Religion News". "Russia: Court Bans Jehovah's Witnesses". " ... "Voice of Russia" General information Russia at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Wikimedia Atlas of Russia Geographic data related to ...

*  Russia traditional wood structures1 - English

Russia traditional wood_structures1 * 1. Lake Onega is the second largest lake in Europe, it covers 3,757 square miles and has ... It Russian Church built in the 14this one of the most popular tourist century is located heredestinations in Russia and ... 1,000 Islands.Kizhi is an island on Lake Onega Fifty rivers enter into Lake Onegain the Republic of Karelia , Russia and it is ...

*  Category:Roads in Russia - Wikipedia

Pages in category "Roads in Russia". The following 71 pages are in this category, out of 71 total. This list may not reflect ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Roads_in_Russia&oldid=762428300" ...

*  French invasion of Russia - Wikipedia

The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 (Russian: Отечественная война 1812 года ... Russia viewed this as against its interests and as a potential launching-point for an invasion of Russia.[24] In 1811 Russian ... Napoleon's invasion of Russia is better known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 (Russian Отечественная война 1812 года, ... In Tilsit, Russia swore eternal alliance in France and war in England. It violates its oaths today. Russia is pulled by its ...

*  Russia, Turkey Beckon - WSJ

The party for emerging European stocks shows few signs of fizzling out in 2008 as the lure of low valuations and strong earnings growth supports the view that the good times can roll on.

*  Russia! magazine - Wikipedia

As of 2009, Russia! magazine is published online and likely to resume print edition in 2011. Russia! magazine was founded in ... Russia! magazine is an English-language publication about Russia, published quarterly by US-based company Press Release Group. ... It was distributed in the US, UK and Russia. Design and art-direction of the first issue of the magazine was done by Art. ... The magazine is distributed in the US, UK, Sweden, Russia and around the world. It is sold in Barnes & Noble stores, Borders ...

*  Dimitrovgrad, Russia - Wikipedia

Russia Kuznetsk, Russia Obninsk, Russia Qayraqqum, Tajikistan Drohobych, Ukraine Trading house of Korobov Drama Theatre. ... "Dimitrovgrad , Russia , Britannica.com". britannica.com. Retrieved January 8, 2017. IBP, I. (2009). Russia Automobile Industry ... At the 2016 Bandy World Championship the quarterfinal between Russia and the United States was played in Dimitrovgrad at ... Димитровград 04.02.2016 DJI Phantom Pro - YouTube , Short video from above of the quarterfinal between Russia and USA". youtube ...

*  232 Russia - Wikipedia

232 Russia is a large Main belt asteroid. It is classified as a C-type asteroid and is probably composed of primitive ... "232 Russia". JPL Small-Body Database. NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 12 May 2016. Torno, Steven; Lemke Oliver, ... It was discovered by Johann Palisa on 31 January 1883 in Vienna and was named after the country of Russia. Photometric ... The Asteroid Orbital Elements Database Minor Planet Discovery Circumstances 232 Russia at the JPL Small-Body Database Discovery ...

*  Forward, Russia! - Wikipedia

It later merged into the Republican Party of Russia. Boris Fyodorov, 50, Dies; Guided Reforms in Russia The New York Times, 21 ... Forward, Russia! was an electoral bloc and political movement led by Boris Fyodorov during the 1995 State Duma election . ...

*  Aksha, Russia - Wikipedia

1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics ... Russia, located at the confluence of the Aksha and Onon Rivers, 169 kilometers (105 mi) south of Chita. Population: 3,941 (2010 ... All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись ... Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities-Administrative ...

*  Russia iron - Wikipedia

Russia iron or Russian iron refers to a type of sheet iron produced in Russia during the 19th and early 20th century. This iron ... This sheet-iron was used in Russia for stove flues and for roofing, among other tasks. Exported in quantity to the United ... "Russia Iron". Narrowgauge.iform.com.au. 1998-03-24. Retrieved 2013-10-24. Osborn, Henry Stafford (1869). The Metallurgy of Iron ... Much effort was expended on attempting to duplicate Russia iron in the United States, with varying degrees of success. In The ...

*  Vivat Russia! - Wikipedia

"Vivat Russia!" tournament 2009 History of "Vivat Russia!" IOT at the official site Dancesport in Russia "Vivat Russia!" ... "Vivat Russia!" IOT official web site Results of "Vivat Russia!" International Tournament 2011 at DSFR site "Vivat Russia!" IOT ... "Vivat Russia!" is also an official rating tournament of the Dance Sport Federation of Russia. Couples that take part in this ... History of "Vivat Russia!" IOT at the official site Table of results of "Vivat Russia!" Tournaments at the official site ...

*  Putin's Russia - Wikipedia

Putin's Russia is a political commentary book by the late Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya about life in modern Russia. ... Politkovskaya argues that Russia still has aspects of a police state or mafia state, under the leadership of Vladimir Putin. In ... She describes particular areas in Russia dominated and operating under insensitive companies or cold oligarchs that resemble ... War Politkovskaya, Anna; translated by Arch Tait (2004). Putin's Russia. Harvill. ISBN 0-8050-7930-0. Mercer, Martha (2007-01- ...

*  Kyra, Russia - Wikipedia

1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics ... Russia, located on the Kyra River near the Russian-Mongolian border. Population: 4,563 (2010 Census); 4,654 (2002 Census); ... All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись ... Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities-Administrative ...

*  Cosmopolitan Russia - Wikipedia

It is the first international women's magazine published in the post-Soviet period in Russia. Cosmopolitan Russia was ... Cosmopolitan Russia is published by Fashion Press on a monthly basis. The owners of Fashion Press are Sanoma and Hearst. The ... In 2005 Cosmopolitan Russia sold 1,000,000 copies and was acknowledged by the Guinness Book of Records as the magazine with the ... "Russia blocks sale of Russian Cosmopolitan, Esquire". The Moscow Times. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2016. Simon Kuper (10 ...

*  Isit, Russia - Wikipedia

Russia. It is located 256 kilometers (159 mi) from Pokrovsk, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of ... Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 22 January 2013. "Climate Normals for Isit". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ...

Pulse St. Petersburg: Pulse St. Petersburg is a monthly entertainment magazine published in English and Russian.Catherine of Austria, Lady of Coucy: Catherine of Austria also known as Katharina von Habsburg (9 February 1320 – 28 September 1349) was the oldest daughter of Leopold I, Duke of Austria and his wife Catherine of Savoy. She was a member of the House of Habsburg by birth and married the Lord of Coucy.Indigenous peoples of SiberiaRazvilka, Moscow Oblast: Razvilka () is a rural locality (a settlement) in Leninsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located in the "green forests and parks space" surrounding the city of Moscow, on the Kashira Highway. Population: Postal code: 142717.Hinduism in Belarus: Hinduism in Belarus has a very small following. There are three main Hindu groups in country.Tadas Karosas: Tadas Karosas (born 1963 in Vilnius) is a businessman, serial entrepreneur, the founder and developer of e-commerce enterprises,the owner of holding company "LTk Capital", the founder and owner of restaurants chain "Čili Holdings".Hinduism in Ukraine: Hinduism is a minority religion in Ukraine.Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseAnna Reid: Anna Reid (born 1965) is a journalist and author whose work focuses primarily on the history of Eastern Europe.India–Kazakhstan relations: Indian–Kazakhstani relations are foreign relations between India and Kazakhstan. Diplomatic relations have increased in significance in the 21st century after initially remaining passive in the 1990s.Iran–Uzbekistan relations: Iran–Uzbekistan relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the two Middle-eastern countries, Uzbekistan and Iran, which have deep cultural and historical ties between them. Both countries are members of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).France and the Commonwealth of Nations: Relations between France and the Commonwealth of Nations have undergone successive periods of change since the Commonwealth's creation.

(1/960) Genome reduction in a hemiclonal frog Rana esculenta from radioactively contaminated areas.

A decrease in genome size was found in the hemiclonal hybridogenetic frog Rana esculenta (R. ridibunda x R. lessonae) from areas of radioactive contamination that resulted from the Chernobyl fallout. This genome reduction was of up to 4% and correlated with the background level of gamma-radiation (linear regression corresponded on average to -0.4% per doubling of radiation level). No change in genome size was observed in the coexisting parental species R. lessonae. There was no correlation between genome size and body mass in R. esculenta froglets, which have metamorphosed in the year of the study. The hemiclonal forms may become a suitable object for study on biological significance of individual DNA sequences (and of genome size as a whole) because mutant animals with deletions in a specified genome can arise after a low radiation dose. The proneness to genetic damage makes such forms also a prospective bioindicator of radioactive (and possibly other mutagenic) pollution with the effects of genetic damage conveniently and rapidly monitored by DNA flow cytometry.  (+info)

(2/960) Asthma mortality in Russia between 1980 and 1989.

There is evidence that mortality due to asthma has increased in a number of nations over the last two decades. This study was conducted to assess asthma mortality rates in Russia from 1980 to 1989. Data obtained were compared with figures from other countries. National asthma deaths were obtained from the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. Age- and sex-specific rates per 100,000 population per year were adjusted to the European population. Annual changes in mortality rates for the study period were estimated by linear regression analysis. Between 1980 and 1989, asthma mortality rates per 100,000 population per year increased from 3.7 to 5.3 in the total Russian population. Differences according to age and sex were observed. Asthma deaths increased with age and in most cases males showed higher death rates than females. There was a statistically significant annual increase in mortality rates for young males < 5 yrs of age and for adult males aged 35-64 yrs, as well as for females aged > or = 65 yrs. Asthma mortality rates in Russia between 1980 and 1989 may be considered moderate as compared with death rates reported for the same period in other countries.  (+info)

(3/960) Mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in Russians.

The article presents the results of the first regular study of Russian populations by sequencing the control region of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The sequenced region is the most variable on mtDNA molecule and is commonly used for population and evolutionary studies. Russians form one of the largest ethnic groups (more than 129 million). However, their genetic diversity had only been characterized with RFLP and biochemical markers, although there are already established mtDNA sequence databases for many ethnic groups of the world. We have obtained sequence data from 103 individuals living in three Russian regions: Kostroma, Kursk, and Rjazan. The sequenced fragment analyzed is 360 bp in length (positions from 16024 to 16383). Fifty nine nucleotide positions have been found polymorphic in Russians, among those were 57 transitions and two transversions. One individual is found having two insertions of two cytosines between positions 16184 and 16193. Among 64 different mitotypes identified in the study 52 were unique in these samples. The index of genetic diversity (Nei, 1987) for Russians is 0.96. This value is within the established range for European populations (0.93 to 0.98). Genetic distances calculated from our data show that Russians form a cluster with Germans, Bulgarians, Swedes, Estonians, and Volgo-Finns are more distant from Karelians and Finns, and much more differ from Turks and especially Mongolians.  (+info)

(4/960) Heart period and heart period variability during sleep on the MIR space station.

The long-term acclimation of cardiac rhythms to microgravity was studied in four astronauts aboard the Russian space station MIR during wakefulness and sleep. Sleep polygraphies were obtained between the third and the 30th day in space and, in addition, prior to mission on the ground. From each of the sleep polygraphies, beat-to-beat intervals of cardiac rhythms were determined. The response of heart period and heart period variability to the stimulus microgravity was tested during sleep across sleep stages and during waking. A lengthening of heart period by about 100 ms was found in space compared to measurements on the ground. The slowing of heart rate was more pronounced for non-REM sleep than for REM sleep. A systematic change in heart period in relation to the duration of the stay in space could not be detected. An analysis of heart period variability in the high frequency (respiratory sinus arrhythmia) band supports the hypothesis that the decrease of heart rate under microgravity is produced by an increase in parasympathetic activity. Testing the response of cardiac rhythms to microgravity across distinct behavioural states seems to be a powerful tool to investigate the cardiovascular system.  (+info)

(5/960) Cancer mortality in Russia and Ukraine: validity, competing risks and cohort effects.

BACKGROUND: The dramatic increase in mortality in Russia and Ukraine in the late 1980s and 1990s has been due to increases in certain causes of death, particularly cardiovascular disease and accidents and violence. In contrast, there has been a slight fall in mortality from cancer. METHODS: This paper presents an analysis of trends and patterns in cancer mortality and examines four possible explanations for its recent fall: changes in data collection; cohort effects; competing mortality from other causes of death; and improvements in health care. RESULTS: All contribute to some extent to the observed changes, with each affecting predominantly different age groups. There is evidence of a significant underrecording of cancer deaths among the elderly especially in rural areas and of significant changes in coding practices in the early 1990s. Competing mortality from cardiovascular diseases and accidents can explain some reduction in male deaths from cancer in middle age. Birth cohort effects can explain some reduction among males after early middle age and among females at all ages. The impact of changes in health care are more difficult to identify with certainty but there is evidence of reduced deaths from childhood leukaemia. IMPLICATIONS: Recent changes in mortality in Russia are complex and their understanding will require a multidisciplinary approach embracing demography, epidemiology and health services research.  (+info)

(6/960) Genetic diversity in the protective antigen gene of Bacillus anthracis.

Bacillus anthracis is a gram-positive spore-forming bacterium that causes the disease anthrax. The anthrax toxin contains three components, including the protective antigen (PA), which binds to eucaryotic cell surface receptors and mediates the transport of toxins into the cell. In this study, the entire 2,294-nucleotide protective antigen gene (pag) was sequenced from 26 of the most diverse B. anthracis strains to identify potential variation in the toxin and to further our understanding of B. anthracis evolution. Five point mutations, three synonymous and two missense, were identified. These differences correspond to six different haploid types, which translate into three different amino acid sequences. The two amino acid changes were shown to be located in an area near a highly antigenic region critical to lethal factor binding. Nested primers were used to amplify and sequence this same region of pag from necropsy samples taken from victims of the 1979 Sverdlovsk incident. This investigation uncovered five different alleles among the strains present in the tissues, including two not seen in the 26-sample survey. One of these two alleles included a novel missense mutation, again located just adjacent to the highly antigenic region. Phylogenetic (cladistic) analysis of the pag corresponded with previous strain grouping based on chromosomal variation, suggesting that plasmid evolution in B. anthracis has occurred with little or no horizontal transfer between the different strains.  (+info)

(7/960) Problems of transition from tax-based system of health care finance to mandatory health insurance model in Russia.

This article examines three problems burdening the Russian system of health care finance in transition period: (a) unrealistic government promise to cover health care coverage too wide to be achieved with available resources; (b) inefficient management of health care delivery systems; and (c) lack in evidence of actual positive changes effected by the new players: mandatory health insurance carriers and funds. Radical reshaping of the health benefits promised by the government and introduction of patient co-payments are considered as a way to normalize public health sector finance and operations. Two alternative approaches to the reform of the existing eclectic system of health care management are available. Institutional preconditions for operational effectiveness of third-party purchasers of health services in public-financed health sector are defined.  (+info)

(8/960) Reflections on a painful transition: from socialized to insurance medicine in Russia.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia decided to replace its deeply flawed and under-funded system of socialized medicine by a scheme of health insurance that involved the decentralization of health services and of off-budget financing. Every enterprise would pay 3.6% of its salary fund into a Regional Health Insurance Fund, and the Fund would finance private insurance companies that would compete for clients. The non-working population would have its insurance premiums paid from the budgets of regions or municipalities. The transition from one system to another has been problematic and plagued with a variety of problems not the least of which is that the Russian economic structure is not geared to sustain an insurance system at the present time. The Russian case presents an instructive experiment with the premature introduction of a scheme touted as an "anti-model" to socialized medicine and geared to market and legal arrangements that are, as yet, largely non-existent. Under-funding of health services remains and leads to the polarization of the population into those few who can afford private care, and the vast majority for whom this care is difficult to obtain, or unobtainable. This has ominous political implications.  (+info)



Zabaykalsky Krai

  • 113.28694 Aksha (Russian: Акша) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Akshinsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Aksha and Onon Rivers, 169 kilometers (105 mi) south of Chita. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kyra (Russian: Кыра) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Kyrinsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located on the Kyra River near the Russian-Mongolian border. (wikipedia.org)

Moscow

  • Tula (Russian: Тула, IPA: [ˈtulə]) is an industrial city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast, Russia, located 193 kilometers (120 mi) south of Moscow, on the Upa River. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tula is home to: Tula State University Tula State Pedagogical University The Tula artillery and Engineering Institute A branch of the All Russia Economic and Finance Institute A branch of The Moscow Economics and Management Institute Since 1867, there has been a railway connection between Tula and Moscow. (wikipedia.org)

Russia's

  • Democratic Russia (Russian: Демократическая Россия, abbreviation: ДемРоссия DemRossiya) was the generic name for several political entities that played a transformative role in Russia's transition from Communist rule. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1) Democratic Russia Election Bloc, association of candidates and their supporters in the 1990 election for the Congress of People's Deputies (CPD), the equivalent of a parliament of RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic, Russia's official name within Soviet Union), and for the regional and municipal Soviets. (wikipedia.org)
  • While geographically mostly in Asia, the bulk of Russia's population is concentrated in the European part, and culturally, Russia is unmistakably European. (wikitravel.org)

world's

  • 100 The geology of Russia, the world's largest country, which extends over much of northern Eurasia, consists of several stable cratons and sedimentary platforms bounded by orogenic (mountain) belts. (wikipedia.org)

population

  • about 77% of the population live in European Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). (wikipedia.org)

Siberia

  • The FT travels to remote reaches of Siberia to see if Russia can make it work. (ft.com)

2016

  • At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people at the end of March 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the 2016 Bandy World Championship the quarterfinal between Russia and the United States was played in Dimitrovgrad at Stadium Stroitel (Строитель), as well as the group stage match between Netherlands and Germany in Division B. Artificial ice was supposed to be constructed for the occasion, which did not happen. (wikipedia.org)

bloc

  • 2) Democratic Russia Caucus, or faction, in CPD, formed from the core membership of the bloc upon the opening of the Congress in May 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • This coalition, under the name of Democratic Russia Parliamentary Bloc and other names, held sway in the Russian parliament until spring 1992. (wikipedia.org)
  • Democratic Russia caucuses or blocs were also formed in the spring of 1990 in regional and local Soviets by deputies that won their seats with the support of the DR Election Bloc. (wikipedia.org)

Putin

  • Politkovskaya argues that Russia still has aspects of a police state or mafia state, under the leadership of Vladimir Putin. (wikipedia.org)
  • CARACAS, Venezuela-Russia offered to help Venezuela set up its own space industry, including a satellite launch site, as Prime Minister Vladimir Putin made his first visit to the South American country on Friday. (wsj.com)
  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced the offer by Russia hours before Mr. Putin arrived, saying officials would discuss the possibility of setting up a 'satellite launcher and a factory. (wsj.com)

Communist

  • 3) Democratic Russia Movement (DRM), political organization formed by October 1990 by Democratic Russia MPs, their allies in the Soviet parliament, grassroots pro-democracy and/or anti-communist organizations and unaffiliated political personalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, Russia has struggled in its efforts to build a democratic political system and market economy to replace the strict social, political, and economic controls of the Communist period. (wikitravel.org)
  • Following a brief interim government headed by social democrat Alexander Kerensky, the Bolshevik faction of the Communist Party under Marxist Vladimir Lenin seized power, with the money provided by the German establishement, withdrew Russia from the war, and launched a purge of clerics, political dissidents, aristocrats, the bourgeoise, and the wealthy independent farmers. (wikitravel.org)

Russian Federation

  • Glory to Russia" Tournament, Russian Federation championships and contests have the same status. (wikipedia.org)

Urals

  • The orogens within Russia belong to the Baltic Shield, the Timanides, the Urals, the Altai Mountains, the Ural-Mongolian epipaleozoic orogen and the northwestern part of the Pacific orogeny. (wikipedia.org)

borders

  • The only exclave of Russia, the Kaliningrad oblast allows a gate for Russia to share borders with Poland and Lithuania , and is a key site for where the 2018 FIFA World Cup will be held. (wikitravel.org)

Ties

  • The event saw Russia and India announce deeper ties around civil use of nuclear energy and a plan to explore a gas pipeline between the two nations. (theregister.co.uk)

District

  • Isit (Russian: Исит) is a rural locality (a selo), the administrative centre of and one of two settlements, in addition to Nokhoroy, in Isitsky Rural Okrug of Khangalassky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biser (Russian: Усть-Цильма), is a rural settlement in Gornozavodsky District, Perm Krai, Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Naskuk in the Yupik language, meaning head of a ringed seal after a nearby hill) is a rural locality (a selo) in Chukotsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Korf (Russian: Корф) is a rural locality (a selo) and a port in Olyutorsky District of Koryak Okrug in Kamchatka Krai, Russia, located on a narrow sand spit opposite Tilichiki. (wikipedia.org)
  • Karelian: Kalevala) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Kalevalsky District in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. (wikipedia.org)

Poland

  • The official political aim of the campaign was to liberate Poland from the threat of Russia. (wikipedia.org)

refers

  • Russia iron or Russian iron refers to a type of sheet iron produced in Russia during the 19th and early 20th century. (wikipedia.org)

world

  • The magazine is distributed in the US, UK, Sweden, Russia and around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of high-temperature paints and the trend towards black-painted locomotives combined to reduce the demand for Russia iron by 1900, and little if any was imported after the beginning of World War I. Kits, Jerry (1997-01-31). (wikipedia.org)
  • A musical instrument, the Tula accordion, is named after the city, which is a center of manufacture for such instruments sold throughout Russia and the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the coldest places in all of Russia, even home to the coldest city in the world, Yakutsk . (wikitravel.org)
  • It Russian Church built in the 14this one of the most popular tourist century is located heredestinations in Russia and anUNESCO World Heritage Site. (slideshare.net)
  • This made Russia the ninth leading producer of fish, with 2.3 percent of the world total. (wikipedia.org)

share

  • This plan looks fanciful: India and Russia don't share a border so a pipeline would have to pass through either China, via the Himalayas, or through Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and the disputed zone of Kashmir. (theregister.co.uk)

city

  • Dimitrovgrad (Russian: Димитровгра́д), formerly Melekess (Мелекесс) until 1972, is a city in Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saratov city, Russia. (britannica.com)

sold

  • In 2005 Cosmopolitan Russia sold 1,000,000 copies and was acknowledged by the Guinness Book of Records as the magazine with the largest number of copies. (wikipedia.org)

help

region

  • The European part of Russia lies on the East European platform, a region up to 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi) wide covered by more than 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) of metamorphosed sediments dating back to the Riphean stage (middle to late Proterozoic, from 1,400 to 800 million years ago). (wikipedia.org)
  • Saratov , oblast (region), western Russia , in the basin of the middle Volga River , which bisects it north-south. (britannica.com)

Republic

  • 1. Lake Onega is the second largest lake in Europe, it covers 3,757 square miles and has 1,000 Islands.Kizhi is an island on Lake Onega Fifty rivers enter into Lake Onegain the Republic of Karelia , Russia and it is a valuable source forwith an ensemble of wooden fishing. (slideshare.net)

European

  • The European part of Russia is on the East European craton, at the heart of which is a complex of igneous and metamorphic rocks dating back to the Precambrian. (wikipedia.org)

political

  • Putin's Russia is a political commentary book by the late Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya about life in modern Russia. (wikipedia.org)

build

  • In 1712, Tula was visited by Peter the Great, who commissioned the Demidov blacksmiths to build the first armament factory in Russia. (wikipedia.org)

Asia

  • Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. (wikipedia.org)

name

  • The name Russia is derived from Rus', a medieval state populated mostly by the East Slavs. (wikipedia.org)

China

  • Muslim countries including Tunisia, Pakistan, and Indonesia were backed by Russia and China in their bid to call the extraordinary session of the 47-country council in Geneva. (rferl.org)
  • Indian prime minister Narendra Modi announced the commission at the conclusion of the BRICs summit, a get-together of leaders from Brazil, India, Russia and China. (theregister.co.uk)

English

  • magazine is an English-language publication about Russia, published quarterly by US-based company Press Release Group. (wikipedia.org)

Several

  • In Russia, the term covers also several kinds of fisheries classified as industrial, such as salmon, chars, whitefish, navaga, flounders and greenling fisheries in the Baltic, the Arctic and the Far Eastern Seas. (wikipedia.org)

River

  • The Kura (Russian: Кура) is a river in Stavropol Krai, Russia. (wikipedia.org)

edition

  • Cosmopolitan Russia is the Russian edition of Cosmopolitan magazine. (wikipedia.org)

known

  • One of the wealthiest regions, known for producing much of the resources Russia needs today and is named after vast Ural mountains. (wikitravel.org)

period

  • It is the first international women's magazine published in the post-Soviet period in Russia. (wikipedia.org)

Media

  • In June 2015 Sanoma Independent Media planned to sell the publisher of Cosmopolitan Russia, Fashion Press, to its partner Hearst Shkulev Media. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roads in Russia . (wikipedia.org)

long

  • Through a series of long marches Napoleon pushed the army rapidly through Western Russia in an attempt to bring the Russian army to battle, winning a number of minor engagements and a major battle at Smolensk in August. (wikipedia.org)