No data available that match "Risk"



*  YRBSS | Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System | Data | Adolescent and School Health | CDC
... monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and ... The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading ... The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) ... Registries of Programs Effective in Reducing Youth Risk ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/index.htm
*  Is Our Microbiome a Predictor of Cardiac Risk - Mayo Clinic
... and their risk of cardiovascular disease. Investigators will look at inflammatory markers in the blood and also look at the ...
  http://www.mayo.edu/research/clinical-trials/cls-20112004
*  ImprovingBirth Coalition - Free Documents & Downloads
The surgical procedure poses short- and long-term health risks to mothers and infants, and a scarred uterus poses risks to all ... CIMS Fact Sheet: The Risks of Cesarean Section & Expectant Mother's Checklist Cesarean section is the most common major ... Despite modern techniques, induction of labor still introduces considerable risk compared with natural onset of labor, and many ...
  http://www.motherfriendly.org/Downloads/csec-fact-sheet.pdf
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Application of Citizen Science Risk Communication Tools in a Vulnerable Urban Community
... customized portal as a risk communication tool by allowing residents to educate themselves as to the potential risks from ... but most were below risk-based residential soil screening levels. Results were conveyed to residents via an educational, risk- ... customized portal as a risk communication tool by allowing residents to educate themselves as to the potential risks from ... but most were below risk-based residential soil screening levels. Results were conveyed to residents via an educational, risk- ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/13/1/11
*  Just 30 minutes of mobile use a day could triple cancer risk - NZ Herald
Using a mobile phone for more than half an hour a day over five years can triple the risk of developing certain types of brain ... The largest study to date on the risks of mobile phone use, the 2010 Interphone study, found no raised risk of brain tumours ... Using a mobile phone for more than half an hour a day over five years can triple the risk of developing certain types of brain ... Just 30 minutes of mobile use a day could triple cancer risk 14 May, 2014 4:27pm 3 minutes to read ...
  http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=11254837
*  Risk Management Solutions | Thomson Reuters
Thomson Reuters Risk Management Solutions - for the trusted answers that help you anticipate, mitigate and act on risk with ... Risk Management Solutions Navigation * Risk Solutions * Customer & Third Party Risk *Anti-Money Laundering ... Manage enterprise risk, corporate governance, customer and third party risk, regulatory compliance and financial risk ... Thomson Reuters Risk Management Solutions - for the trusted answers that help you anticipate, mitigate and act on risk with ...
  https://risk.thomsonreuters.com/en.html
*  Health Risks of Smoking Tobacco
Higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. *Increased risk for age-related macular degeneration, which can cause blindness ... Increased risk of peptic ulcers. Many of the health problems linked to smoking can steal away a person's quality of life long ... This increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.. Smoking can cause or worsen poor blood flow to the arms ... Health Risks of Smoking Tobacco. About half of all Americans who keep smoking will die because of the habit. Each year more ...
  https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/tobacco-and-cancer/health-risks-of-smoking-tobacco.html
*  Newsroom | UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
Nearly 100 legislative staff participated in an Aug. 28 seminar on health care reform, organized by the Center and UCLA Government and Community Relations. The event, 'Understanding the Affordable Care Act: Seminar for Legislative Staff,' was held at the California Community Foundation in downtown Los Angeles and was specifically tailored to the needs of constituent services and health policy staff of the California delegation. Center Director Gerald Kominski, as well as Shana Alex Lavarreda, who directs the Center's Health Insurance Studies Program, and Dylan Roby, who directs the Center's Health Economics and Evaluation Research Program, helped legislative staff prepare for the questions they will receive from their constituents -- individuals and businesses -- as the Affordable Care Act is implemented in coming months. Cynthia Carmona, the director of government and external affairs for the Community Clinic Association of LA County, joined the panel to discuss the safety-net role clinics will ...
  http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/newsroom/Pages/Special-Events.aspx
*  Cannabis use may increase risk for opioid abuse
To assess associations between cannabis use and change in risk for incident nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use ... To assess associations between cannabis use and change in risk for incident nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use ... was associated with a substantially increased risk of nonmedical prescription opioid use at 3-year follow-up," the researchers ... was associated with a substantially increased risk of nonmedical prescription opioid use at 3-year follow-up," the researchers ...
  https://www.healio.com/psychiatry/substance-use-disorders/news/online/%7B3b5608a3-11e8-4a5c-b5f9-c9331db39534%7D/cannabis-use-may-increase-risk-for-opioid-abuse
*  Tail Risk
A form of portfolio risk that arises when the possibility that an investment will move more than three standard deviations from ... What is 'Tail Risk'. Tail risk is a form of portfolio risk that arises when the possibility that an investment will move more ... Tail risks include events that have a small probability of occurring and occur at the ends of a normal distribution curve. ... Hedging against tail risk aims to enhance returns over the long-term, but investors must assume short-term costs. Investors may ...
  https://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tailrisk.asp
*  Credit Risk
... Raymond J. Saulnier. Chapter in NBER book Industrial Banking Companies and Their Credit Practices (1940), Raymond ...
  http://www.nber.org/chapters/c5009
*  Disaster Risk Reduction
... Background. Commitment to address the world's increasing vulnerability and exposure to disaster risk ... MORNING SESSION: ADDRESSING URBAN RISK THROUGH PUBLIC INVESTMENT. No country is immune from the risk of a disaster, regardless ... Barbara Carby (PhD), Director of the UWI Disaster Risk Reduction *Applying ecosystem-based approaches for disaster risk ... Development efforts are increasingly at risk. Underlying risk drivers, such as poor urban governance, lack of proper urban ...
  http://www.un.org/en/ga/president/66/Issues/drr/disasterrisk.shtml
*  Risk management whartonpaper
... credit risk, counterparty risk, liquidity risk, operational risk,and legal risks. Here, we will discuss each of the risks ... Both aggregate risk methodologies presume that the time dimensions of all risks can be viewed as equivalent. A trading risk is ... In fact, systematic risk can be thought of as undiversifiable risk.All investors assume this type of risk, whenever assets ... Systematic risk is the risk of asset value change associated with systematic factors. It is sometimesreferred to as market risk ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/krupashankarnj/risk-management-whartonpaper
*  Risk Management
... Newsletter The Risk Management newsletter provides timely news about current issues and recent ... Risk Management Policies, Guidelines, and Model Plans Emergency Preparedness Award Training *Wilderness First Aid ...
  https://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/HealthandSafety/RiskManagement.aspx
*  Risk Shocks
We refer to this measure of volatility as 'risk'. We find that fluctuations in risk are the most important shock driving the ... "Risk aversion in the Eurozone," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 39-56. *Jonathan Benchimol, 2012. "Risk ... "Risk aversion in the Eurozone," Post-Print hal-01165965, HAL. * Julio Carrillo & Celine Poilly, 2013. "How do financial ... "Bank and Sovereign Risk Interdependence in the Euro Area," CEPR Discussion Papers 10485, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers. *Jaromir ...
  https://ideas.repec.org/r/nbr/nberwo/18682.html
*  TSE Risk Project
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy(TSE) Risk Project. Background. This project is the first real-world, large-scale effort ... The TSE Risk Website will focus on three main areas: Source Material, Processing, and End-Product Use. Each source, process, ... Authors who wish to make material available to the TSE Risk Website will use the Knowledge Annotator to mark-up their pages ... Java applets on the TSE Risk Website will access the knowledge base to dynamically change the page or respond to users' queries ...
  http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/fsrac/
*  Enterprise Risk Management
What is Risk?. While risk has a variety of meanings, within the realm of insurance and risk management, risk is an uncertainty ... Within these risks, we then work closely with the risk owners to assess the likelihood of the risks, the time frame of the ... Risk management is a defined set of coordinated activities to direct and control an organization with regard to risk. Risk ... These levels may include organization wide risks, project or process specific risks or strategic risks. ...
  https://www.nyu.edu/employees/resources-and-services/financelink/insurance-and-risk/enterprise-risk-management.html
*  Security and Risk Management
This Blog provides insights into the security and risk management solution, as well as technical details about specific IBM pr ... where you can read the perspectives from security and risk management experts. ... Welcome to the Security and Risk Management Blog, ... Welcome to the Security and Risk Management Blog, where you can ... This Blog provides insights into the security and risk management solution, as well as technical details about specific IBM pr ...
  https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/community/blogs/f2b0a06d-5460-4b2e-a380-64c07e473c53/tags/servicemanagementconnect?lang=es
*  Military Diet Plan: Is the 3-Day Military Diet Best for Weight Loss? - Dr. Axe
Current: Military Diet: Meal Plan, Potential Benefits & Risks Military Diet: Meal Plan, Potential Benefits & Risks. Dr. Axe on ...
  https://draxe.com/military-diet/
*  Risk and Compliance Solutions | IBM
Learn more about the risk and compliance solutions IBM offers including financial risk, regulatory compliance, fraud management ... Governance, risk and regulatory compliance. Gain an enterprise-wide view of risk and compliance. ... Transform risk and compliance with Watson and Promontory. Financial institutions are reeling under the pressure of an ... This combination enables you to make better informed decisions across end-to-end risk and compliance, from regulatory change ...
  https://www.ibm.com/industries/banking-financial-markets/risk-compliance
*  Risk Management Insights | SAS
The brightest minds in the business share valuable risk management insights in articles, videos and more. ... Explore hot topics and trends in risk management. ... Liquidity Risk Risk & Fraud. Beyond the very simple definition ... Liquidity Risk. Once upon a time, liquidity risk management got little more than lip service from banks. But the global ... But is liquidity risk management something to be embraced or feared? Find out what the experts are saying about liquidity risk ...
  https://www.sas.com/en_th/insights/risk-management.html
*  Risk's Rewards - CIO
"The risks are coming to find you. Your job is at risk. The only defence is to be part of the effort to manage them." ... Are you on board with enterprise risk management? You had better be. It's the future of how businesses will be run. ... the company's principal risk analyst, "or our enterprise risk management mind-set gives us insights that make us do better." ... Risk's Rewards. A good rule of thumb in IT is that the number of definitions for a concept rises proportionately to the ...
  https://www.cio.com.au/article/181713/risk_rewards/
*  Hipaa risk analysis-webinar - English
SISA had delivered a free webinar on Critical success factors in HIPAA Risk assessment on 7th May 2013. Check out SISA training ... Risk ProfilingRisk Score = f( Asset Value, LHOT, LOV)•Calculated after taking RiskEvaluation and Risk AcceptanceCriteria into ... 4. Agenda• Background• Definition• Formal Risk Analysis Process• Questions• Summary * 5. • Formal risk analysis (or risk ... 8. Common Misconceptions• Vulnerability Assessment = Risk Analysis• Risk Analysis = Audit• Risk Analysis does not require any ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/ajithsisa/hipaa-risk-analysiswebinar
*  At Risk | ENS
At Risk. Feared Pebble Mine Again Threatens Bristol Bay Salmon. VANCOUVER, British Columbia, Canada, May 12, 2017 (ENS) - The ... Wetlands Protected Worldwide to Reduce Disaster Risks. GLAND, Switzerland, February 2, 2017 (ENS) - Ten new Wetlands of ...
  http://ens-newswire.com/category/at-risk/page/2/
*  Risk Management Information System
STATE OF LOUISIANA DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT (ORM) REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS Replacement / Enhancement ... Risk Management Information System * 1. STATE OF LOUISIANA DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF RISK MANAGEMENT (ORM) REQUEST ... Only J. S. Thompson, Jr., State Risk Director of the Office of Risk Management, has the authority to officially respond to ... The system must be Public Risk Database Project (PRDP) / Public Entity 1.121 1 Risk Institute (PERI) compliant. 1.2 SECURITY ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/Mike97/risk-management-information-system

No data available that match "Risk"



(1/13426) Surgery-related factors and local recurrence of Wilms tumor in National Wilms Tumor Study 4.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic factors for local recurrence in Wilms tumor. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Current therapy for Wilms tumor has evolved through four studies of the National Wilms Tumor Study Group. As adverse prognostic factors were identified, treatment of children with Wilms tumor has been tailored based on these factors. Two-year relapse-free survival of children in the fourth study (NWTS-4) exceeded 91%. Factors once of prognostic import for local recurrence may lose their significance as more effective therapeutic regimens are devised. METHODS: Children evaluated were drawn from the records of NWTS-4. A total of 2482 randomized or followed patients were identified. Local recurrence, defined as recurrence in the original tumor bed, retroperitoneum, or within the abdominal cavity or pelvis, occurred in 100 children. Using a nested case-control study design, 182 matched controls were selected. Factors were analyzed for their association with local failure. Relative risks and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, taking into account the matching. RESULTS: The largest relative risks for local recurrence were observed in patients with stage III disease, those with unfavorable histology (especially diffuse anaplasia), and those reported to have tumor spillage during surgery. Multiple regression analysis adjusting for the combined effects of histology, lymph node involvement, and age revealed that tumor spillage remained significant. The relative risk of local recurrence from spill was largest in children with stage II disease. The absence of lymph node biopsy was also associated with an increased relative risk of recurrence, which was largest in children with stage I disease. The survival of children after local recurrence is poor, with an average survival rate at 2 years after relapse of 43%. Survival was dependent on initial stage: those who received more therapy before relapse had a worse prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study has demonstrated that surgical rupture of the tumor must be prevented by the surgeon, because spills produce an increased risk of local relapse. Both local and diffuse spills produce this risk. Stage II children with local spill appear to require more aggressive therapy than that used in NWTS-4. The continued critical importance of lymph node sampling in conjunction with nephrectomy for Wilms tumor is also established. Absence of lymph node biopsy may result in understaging and inadequate treatment of the child and may produce an increased risk of local recurrence.  (+info)

(2/13426) Role of schools in the transmission of measles in rural Senegal: implications for measles control in developing countries.

Patterns of measles transmission at school and at home were studied in 1995 in a rural area of Senegal with a high level of vaccination coverage. Among 209 case children with a median age of 8 years, there were no deaths, although the case fatality ratio has previously been 6-7% in this area. Forty percent of the case children had been vaccinated against measles; the proportion of vaccinated children was higher among secondary cases (47%) than among index cases (33%) (prevalence ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.76). Vaccinated index cases may have been less infectious than unvaccinated index cases, since they produced fewer clinical cases among exposed children (relative risk = 0.55, 95% CI 0.29-1.04). The secondary attack rate was lower in the schools than in the homes (relative risk = 0.31, 95% CI 0.20-0.49). The school outbreaks were protracted, with 4-5 generations of cases being seen in the two larger schools. Vaccine efficacy was found to be 57% (95% CI -23 to 85) in the schools and 74% (95% CI 62-82) in the residential compounds. Measles infection resulted in a mean of 3.8 days of absenteeism per case, though this did not appear to have an impact on the children's grades. Among the index cases, 56% of children were probably infected by neighbors in the community, and 7% were probably infected at health centers, 13% outside the community, and 24% in one of the three schools which had outbreaks during the epidemic. However, most of the school-related cases occurred at the beginning and therefore contributed to the general propagation of the epidemic. To prevent school outbreaks, it may be necessary to require vaccination prior to school entry and to revaccinate children in individual schools upon detection of cases of measles. Multidose measles vaccination schedules will be necessary to control measles in developing countries.  (+info)

(3/13426) Asthma visits to emergency rooms and soybean unloading in the harbors of Valencia and A Coruna, Spain.

Soybean unloading in the harbor of Barcelona, Spain, has been associated with large increases in the numbers of asthma patients treated in emergency departments between 1981 and 1987. In this study, the association between asthma and soybean unloading in two other Spanish cities, Valencia and A Coruna, was assessed. Asthma admissions were retrospectively identified for the period 1993-1995, and harbor activities were investigated in each location. Two approaches were used to assess the association between asthma and soybean unloading: One used unusual asthma days (days with an unusually high number of emergency room asthma visits) as an effect measure, and the other estimated the relative increase in the daily number of emergency room visits by autoregressive Poisson regression, adjusted for meteorologic variables, seasonality, and influenza incidence. No association between unusual asthma days and soya unloading was observed in either Valencia or A Coruna, except for one particular dock in Valencia. When the association between unloaded products and the daily number of emergency asthma visits was studied, a statistically significant association was observed for unloading of soya husk (relative risk = 1.50, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.94) and soybeans (relative risk = 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.59) in A Coruna. In Valencia, a statistical association was found only for the unloading of soybeans at two particular docks. Although these findings support the notion that asthma outbreaks are not a common hidden condition in most harbors where soybeans are unloaded, the weak associations reported are likely to be causal. Therefore, appropriate control measures should be implemented to avoid soybean dust emissions, particularly in harbors with populations living in the vicinity.  (+info)

(4/13426) Maternal second trimester serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha-soluble receptor p55 (sTNFp55) and subsequent risk of preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia is characterized by diffuse vascular endothelial dysfunction. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), which plays a key role in the cytokine network responsible for immunoregulation, is also known to contribute to endothelial dysfunction and other metabolic disturbances noted in preeclampsia. Results from cross-sectional studies and one longitudinal study indicate that TNF-alpha (or its soluble receptor, sTNFp55) is increased in the peripheral circulation and amniotic fluid of women with preeclampsia as compared with normotensive women. Between December 1993 and August 1994, prediagnostic sTNFp55 concentrations (a marker of excessive TNF-alpha release) were measured in 35 women with preeclampsia and 222 normotensive women to determine whether elevations precede the clinical manifestation of the disorder. Logistic regression procedures were used to calculate maximum likelihood estimates of odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Mean second trimester (15-22 weeks' gestation) serum sTNFp55 concentrations, measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, were 14.4% higher in preeclamptic women than in normotensive controls (716.6 pg/ml (standard deviation 193.6) vs. 626.4 pg/ml (standard deviation 158.0); p = 0.003). The relative risk of preeclampsia increased across successively higher quintiles of sTNFp55 (odds ratios were 1.0, 1.3, 2.1, and 3.7, with the lowest quintile used as the referent; p for trend = 0.007). After adjustment for maternal age, adiposity, and parity, the relative risk between extreme quintiles was 3.3 (95% confidence interval 0.8-13.4). These findings indicate that the level of TNF-alpha in maternal circulation is increased prior to the clinical manifestation of the disorder, and they are consistent with the hypothesized role of cytokines in mediating endothelial dysfunction and the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Further work is needed to identify modifiable risk factors for the excessive synthesis and release of TNF-alpha in pregnancy, and to assess whether lowering of TNF-alpha concentrations in pregnancy alters the incidence and severity of preeclampsia.  (+info)

(5/13426) Relation between obesity and breast cancer in young women.

This study was conducted to assess the relation between body size and risk of breast cancer among young women. A case-control study was conducted among women aged 21-45 years living in three counties in Washington State. Cases were women born after 1944 with invasive or in situ breast cancer that was diagnosed between January 1, 1983, and April 30, 1990. Controls were selected using random digit dialing and were frequency-matched to cases on the basis of age and county of residence. Interviews took place between 1986 and 1992. Body size was evaluated using indices from several different time periods. After adjustment for confounders, a decreased risk of breast cancer was found for women in the highest quintile of body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)2) as compared with the lowest quintile (for maximum lifetime body mass index, odds ratio = 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.51-0.94). Age modified the relation between body size and risk of breast cancer. The odds ratio for women in the highest quintile of maximum body mass index who were aged 21-35 years was 0.29 (95% CI 0.16-0.55), as compared with an odds ratio of 1.5 for women aged 36-45 years (95% CI 0.9-2.5) (p for interaction = 0.003). This study supports prior research showing a decreased risk of breast cancer associated with increased body size among premenopausal or young women. More detailed analysis in this study found a strong effect that was limited to the youngest age group (< or = 35 years).  (+info)

(6/13426) Why do short term workers have high mortality?

Increased mortality is often reported among workers in short term employment. This may indicate either a health-related selection process or the presence of different lifestyle or social conditions among short term workers. The authors studied these two aspects of short term employment among 16,404 Danish workers in the reinforced plastics industry who were hired between 1978 and 1985 and were followed to the end of 1988. Preemployment hospitalization histories for 1977-1984 were ascertained and were related to length of employment between 1978 and 1988. Workers who had been hospitalized prior to employment showed a 20% higher risk of early termination of employment than those never hospitalized (rate ratio (RR) = 1.20, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.16-1.29), and the risk increased with number of hospitalizations. For workers with two or more preemployment hospitalizations related to alcohol abuse or violence, the rate ratios for short term employment were 2.30 (95% CI 1.74-3.06) and 1.86 (95% CI 1.35-2.56), respectively. An unhealthy lifestyle may also be a determinant of short term employment. While it is possible in principle to adjust for lifestyle factors if proper data are collected, the health-related selection of workers requires careful consideration when choosing a reference group for comparative studies of cumulative occupational exposure.  (+info)

(7/13426) Epidemiology of drug-resistant tuberculosis in Texas.

During 1987-1996, over 22,000 tuberculosis cases were reported in Texas, at an average annual incidence rate of 12.5 cases per 100,000 population. Counties with the highest rates were located along the Mexico-Texas border and in northwestern Texas. Nine percent of cases were resistant to at least one of the five first-line antituberculosis drugs used for treatment. Almost 5 percent (4.6%) were resistant to isoniazid, either alone or in combination with other antibiotics; 2.3% were resistant to rifampin; and only 1.3% were resistant to both isoniazid and rifampin. Being a recurrent case, being foreign-born, being 20-39 years of age, and residing in a Mexico-Texas border county were independent risk factors for isoniazid resistance and rifampin resistance. Tuberculosis patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were more likely to have rifampin resistance and less likely to have isoniazid resistance than patients without HIV infection. Factors associated with multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis included a history of previous tuberculosis (relative risk (RR) = 4.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.5-6.8), non-US birth (RR = 2.69, 95% CI 2.1-3.5), age younger than 20 years (RR = 1.97, 95% CI 1.1-3.5), age 20-39 years (RR = 1.82, 95% CI 1.3-2.6), and residence in a Mexico-Texas border county (RR = 2.33, 95% CI 1.8-3.1).  (+info)

(8/13426) Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)



  • assess
  • To assess associations between cannabis use and change in risk for incident nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder at 3 years, researchers analyzed data from wave 1 (2001-2002) and wave 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. (healio.com)
  • This web site demonstrates some of the research being done to create a food safety resource that will serve both the general public and individuals who assess risk. (umd.edu)
  • Within these risks, we then work closely with the risk owners to assess the likelihood of the risks, the time frame of the consequences, the impact it may have on the university and the preparedness toward the risk. (nyu.edu)
  • Throughout each step of this process, it is important that risk managers work closely with the risk owners to gather accurate information regarding their risks, to appropriately assess the risk and then ensure that the necessary mitigation is being developed. (nyu.edu)
  • probability
  • Tail risks include events that have a small probability of occurring and occur at the ends of a normal distribution curve. (investopedia.com)
  • Risk perception is the subjective judgment people make about the severity and probability of a risk, and may vary person to person. (wikipedia.org)
  • This concept is more properly known as the 'Expectation Value' or 'Risk Factor' and is used to compare levels of risk) The probability or threat of quantifiable damage, injury, liability, loss, or any other negative occurrence that is caused by external or internal vulnerabilities, and that may be avoided through preemptive action. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reference needed) A risk is not an uncertainty (where neither the probability nor the mode of occurrence is known), a peril (cause of loss), or a hazard (something that makes the occurrence of a peril more likely or more severe). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the risk of developing cancer is estimated as the incremental probability of developing cancer over a lifetime as a result of exposure to potential carcinogens (cancer-causing substances). (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk can be seen as relating to the probability of uncertain future events. (wikipedia.org)
  • OHSAS (Occupational Health & Safety Advisory Services) defines risk as the combination of the probability of a hazard resulting in an adverse event, and the severity of the event. (wikipedia.org)
  • Producer's risk is the probability that a good product will be rejected as a bad product by the consumer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Or rejecting the lot of satisfactory quality is a risk faced by any producer, the probability of rejecting a lot under the sampling inspection plan is called Producer's risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, model risk is more and more prevalent in activities other than financial securities valuation, such as assigning consumer credit scores, real-time probability prediction of fraudulent credit card transactions, and computing the probability of air flight passenger being a terrorist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rotten Tomatoes
  • The episode received a rating of 82% with an average score of 6.37 out of 10 on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, with the site's consensus stating "The grimly entertaining 'Imminent Risk' powers past narrative weaknesses with a solid followup to its action-packed predecessor. (wikipedia.org)
  • derivatives
  • Cont and Deguest propose a method for computing model risk exposures in multi-asset equity derivatives and show that options which depend on the worst or best performances in a basket (so called rainbow option) are more exposed to model uncertainty than index options. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gennheimer investigates the model risk present in pricing basket default derivatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the context of derivative pricing Cont (2006) proposes a quantitative approach to measurement of model risk exposures in derivatives portfolios: first, a set of benchmark models is specified and calibrated to market prices of liquid instruments, then the target portfolio is priced under all benchmark models. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1996
  • Maximum Risk is a 1996 American action thriller film directed by Hong Kong director Ringo Lam in his American directorial debut, and starring Jean-Claude Van Damme and Natasha Henstridge. (wikipedia.org)
  • affects
  • Trading risk is divided into two general categories: (1) Systematic risk affects all securities in the same class and is linked to the overall capital-market system and therefore cannot be eliminated by diversification. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disaster Risk
  • Commitment to address the world's increasing vulnerability and exposure to disaster risk arises from a clear acknowledgment that the impact of climate change is resulting in more frequent, intense and geographically distributed hazards and that the world's increasing urbanization is concentrating economic and physical risk in densely populated cities. (un.org)
  • Disaster risk is increasing globally. (un.org)
  • Through the application of disaster risk reduction, quality and sustainability of public spending is enhanced and further contributes to social and economic development and building resilience. (un.org)
  • For Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs), the need to reduce disaster risk through adaptation to climate change and strengthening early warning systems forms a significant part of their national response, particularly given the often limited economic base (fisheries, tourism and single crops) and their high degree of overall exposure to disasters. (un.org)
  • As stated in the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building resilience of nations, cities, and communities to disasters, disaster risk reduction is intrinsically part of sustainable development as it is about addressing the underlying risks to development, reducing vulnerability and thereby increasing resilience of nations, cities, and communities. (un.org)
  • To achieve this, public education on sustainable development broadly, and disaster risk reduction specifically, needs to be supported as a key instrument of accountability. (un.org)
  • Experiences from countries have shown that disaster risk reduction is most cost-effective when it is integrated from the beginning of the process, including in adaptation. (un.org)
  • The preparatory process of Rio+20 has identified 'disaster risk reduction and resilience' as one of the emerging issues in the context of sustainable development. (un.org)
  • This coincides with the growing desire of Member States to increase dialogue on innovative solutions to address the challenge of disaster risk. (un.org)
  • Against this background, it is very timely to hold an informal thematic debate on addressing disaster risk through public investment decisions. (un.org)
  • arises
  • Tail risk is a form of portfolio risk that arises when the possibility that an investment will move more than three standard deviations from the mean is greater than what is shown by a normal distribution . (investopedia.com)
  • B) RISK ATTRIBUTABLE TO FAULT OF EITHER PARTY: Any damage or loss which arises as a result of the fault or neglect of the seller or the buyer or their respective agents as the case may be shall be borne by that party at fault. (wikipedia.org)
  • hedge
  • Firms that had been performingwell suddenly announced large losses due to credit exposures that turned sour, interest rate positions taken,or derivative exposures that may or may not have been assumed to hedge balance sheet risk. (slideshare.net)
  • Hedge funds that trade these securities can be exposed to model risk when calculating monthly NAV for its investors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Institutional
  • In the context of development there are significant opportunities for all Member States to address risk through a new institutional framework for sustainable development. (un.org)
  • harm
  • Carrie makes her case to investigator Christine Lonas (Marin Hinkle), who has determined that Frannie is in imminent risk of further harm after the recent incident with Quinn. (wikipedia.org)
  • impacts
  • References to negative risk below should be read as also applying to positive impacts or opportunity (e.g. for "loss" read "loss or gain") unless the context precludes this interpretation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers
  • Researchers found that people who used mobiles for 15 hours per month on average had a two to three times greater risk of developing glioma and meningioma - the main types of brain tumour - compared with those who used their phone rarely. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • We report that cannabis use, even among adults with moderate to severe pain, was associated with a substantially increased risk of nonmedical prescription opioid use at 3-year follow-up," the researchers wrote. (healio.com)
  • market
  • Also called market risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also called non-market risk, extra-market risk or diversifiable risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frey (2000) presents a study of how market illiquidity is a source of model risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volume risk is a commodity risk which refers to the fact that a player in the commodity market has uncertain quantities of consumption or sourcing, i.e. production of the respective commodity. (wikipedia.org)
  • judgment
  • Burke regards failure to use a model (instead over-relying on expert judgment) as a type of model risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • organization
  • All activities in an organization involve risk. (nyu.edu)
  • Risks are also categorized throughout many levels at an organization depending upon their impact. (nyu.edu)
  • These levels may include organization wide risks, project or process specific risks or strategic risks. (nyu.edu)
  • Identifying risks early on allows for the organization to create mitigation strategies and achieve its goals. (nyu.edu)
  • change
  • Java applets on the TSE Risk Website will access the knowledge base to dynamically change the page or respond to users' queries. (umd.edu)
  • With the constant change of organizations, the knowledge we have of an organizations risks change as well. (nyu.edu)
  • context
  • In finance, model risk is the risk of loss resulting from using insufficiently accurate models to make decisions, originally and frequently in the context of valuing financial securities. (wikipedia.org)
  • producer
  • Marcio Alvarado, better known by his stage name Alvin Risk, is an American electronic music producer, singer and DJ from Washington, D.C. He has released music on OWSLA, Dim Mak, and Ministry of Sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • He has also released under the label Memory LTD. Risk is the brother of Painted Face, singer and producer Allie Alvarado. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • They include the risks of terrorist attack, biosecurity risks such as the invasion of pests, and extreme natural disasters such as major earthquakes. (wikipedia.org)
  • These risks, called operational risks, include the major events most likely to cause bank failure, such as massive internal fraud. (wikipedia.org)
  • definition
  • Many definitions of risk exist in common usage, however this definition was developed by an international committee representing over 30 countries and is based on the input of several thousand subject matter experts. (wikipedia.org)
  • quantitative
  • Risk shocks and housing supply: A quantitative analysis ," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control , Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 194-219. (repec.org)
  • factor
  • For example, according to Factor Analysis of Information Risk, risk is: the probable frequency and probable magnitude of future loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • In epidemiology it is typically defined to be the difference between the proportion of subjects in a population with a particular disease who were exposed to a specified risk factor and the proportion of subjects with that same disease who were not exposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • The Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (JIFSAN) is working to expand the knowledge and resources available to support risk analysis in the food safety area. (umd.edu)
  • The international compliance regime for banks, Basel II, requires that such risks be quantified using a mixture of statistical theory, such as extreme value theory, and scenario analysis conducted by internal committees of experts. (wikipedia.org)
  • general
  • In general, refinancing risk is only considered to be substantial for banks in cases of financial crisis, when borrowing funds, such as inter-bank deposits, may be extremely difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • The general rule is that unless otherwise agreed, risk passes with title. (wikipedia.org)
  • EXCEPTIONS TO THE GENERAL RULE: (A) RISK INCIDENTAL TO TRANSIT: The law provided that where the seller undertakes to make delivery of the goods to the buyer, risk attendant to the system of transportation or voyage contemplated will be borne by the buyer unless the parties agreed to the contrary. (wikipedia.org)
  • decisions
  • Rantala (2006) mentions that "In the face of model risk, rather than to base decisions on a single selected 'best' model, the modeller can base his inference on an entire set of models by using model averaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of insurable risk underlies nearly all insurance decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • potential
  • Aim 3 was to utilize our interactive, customized portal as a risk communication tool by allowing residents to educate themselves as to the potential risks from industrial sources in close proximity to their community. (mdpi.com)
  • below
  • The results demonstrated that eight metals (As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Mo, Se, Tl, Zn) occurred at statistically-significantly greater levels than natural background levels, but most were below risk-based residential soil screening levels. (mdpi.com)
  • constantly
  • It is difficult to define a level of risk, if any, especially as mobile phone technology is constantly evolving," the study conceded. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • Most large corporations and banks face this risk to some degree, as they may constantly borrow and repay loans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • The surgical procedure poses short- and long-term health risks to mothers and infants, and a scarred uterus poses risks to all future pregnancies and deliveries. (motherfriendly.org)
  • Values (such as physical health, social status, emotional well-being, or financial wealth) can be gained or lost when taking risk resulting from a given action or inaction, foreseen or unforeseen (planned or not planned). (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • Using a mobile phone for more than half an hour a day over five years can triple the risk of developing certain types of brain cancer, a French study suggests. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • Does inhaling affect the risk of cancer? (cancer.org)
  • They are at risk for lung cancer and other diseases caused by secondhand smoke . (cancer.org)
  • It was started in early 2005 by former technology executive Bill McBride (pseudonym Calculated Risk), with frequent posts by Doris Dungey (under the pseudonym Tanta) until her death on November 30, 2008 from ovarian cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • future
  • Pension funds are also subject to reinvestment risk especially with the short-term nature of cash investments there is always the risk that future proceeds will have to be reinvested at a lower interest rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • concept
  • However, the concept of tail risk suggests that the distribution of returns is not normal, but skewed, and has fatter tails. (investopedia.com)
  • increase
  • Detection Risk and quality of audit have an inverse relationship: if detection risk is high, lower the quality of audit and if detection risk is low, generally increase the quality of audit. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • The TSE Risk Website will focus on three main areas: Source Material, Processing, and End-Product Use. (umd.edu)
  • American
  • Imminent Risk" is the seventh episode of the sixth season of the American television drama series Homeland, and the 67th episode overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flight Risk is a street album by American rapper The Jacka, released on January 11, 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acceptable Risk is a 1995 novel by American author Robin Cook. (wikipedia.org)
  • state
  • Kevin Allison of "The State" presents RISK! (wikipedia.org)
  • The Marxology entry for Humor Risk and the SilentEra entry state that the leading lady could have been one of two other actresses, Esther Ralston or Helen Kane. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • The comparison found a higher risk among those who used their phone intensively, especially those who used it for their work, such as in the sales industry. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • Refinancing risk increases in periods of rising interest rates, when the borrower may not have sufficient income to afford the higher interest rate on a new loan. (wikipedia.org)
  • project
  • Risk is an uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has an effect on at least one [project] objective. (wikipedia.org)