Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Religion and SexScience: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Religion and ScienceSpirituality: Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)Islam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Clergy: Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.Buddhism: The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)Judaism: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)Hinduism: A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Spiritualism: Religious philosophy expressing the fundamental belief that departed spirits may be contacted by the living through a medium.Ceremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Behavioral Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.Secularism: Indifference to, or rejection of, RELIGION or religious considerations. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Hospitals, Religious: Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.Protestantism: The name given to all Christian denominations, sects, or groups rising out of the Reformation. Protestant churches generally agree that the principle of authority should be the Scriptures rather than the institutional church or the pope. (from W.L. Reese, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion, 1999)Bible: The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)Library Science: Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Cultural Characteristics: Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Behaviorism: A psychologic theory, developed by John Broadus Watson, concerned with studying and measuring behaviors that are observable.Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Attitude to Death: Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.Suicide, Assisted: Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).Thanatology: The study of the theory, philosophy, and doctrine of death.Information Science: The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.Libraries, MedicalIndiaAdaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Posthumous Conception: Conception after the death of the male or female biological parent through techniques such as the use of gametes that have been stored during his or her lifetime or that were collected immediately after his or her death.United StatesResearch: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)LebanonPastoral Care: Counseling or comfort given by ministers, priests, rabbis, etc., to those in need of help with emotional problems or stressful situations.National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Repetition Priming: A type of procedural memory manifested as a change in the ability to identify an item as a result of a previous encounter with the item or stimuli.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Medical Futility: The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Rights: Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.Superstitions: A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Ethicists: Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.SyriaAttitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Euthanasia, Active: The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.Physician's Role: The expected function of a member of the medical profession.Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Delusions: A false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one's associates.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Technology: The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Circumcision, Female: A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Terminal Care: Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Value of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Librarians: Specialists in the management of a library or the services rendered by a library, bringing professional skills to administration, organization of material and personnel, interpretation of bibliothecal rules, the development and maintenance of the library's collection, and the provision of information services.Awards and PrizesHistory, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Personal Autonomy: Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Stereotyping: An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Role: The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Advance Directives: Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual's health. It was established in 1969.Library Surveys: Collection and analysis of data pertaining to operations of a particular library, library system, or group of independent libraries, with recommendations for improvement and/or ordered plans for further development.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Circumcision, Male: Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Societies, Scientific: Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Sampling Studies: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.BrazilRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.Nobel PrizeTissue and Organ Procurement: The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.Spouses: Married persons, i.e., husbands and wives, or partners. Domestic partners, or spousal equivalents, are two adults who have chosen to share their lives in an intimate and committed relationship, reside together, and share a mutual obligation of support for the basic necessities of life.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.IsraelEngineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.PakistanSwitzerlandHIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Jews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Interdisciplinary Studies: Programs of study which span the traditional boundaries of academic scholarship.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Library AssociationsPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Facility Design and Construction: Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)HumanitiesJournal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.BooksLibrary Automation: The use of automatic machines or processing devices in libraries. The automation may be applied to library administrative activities, office procedures, and delivery of library services to users.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.National Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Neurosciences: The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Library Administration: Planning, organizing, staffing, direction, and control of libraries.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.

*  ID/creationism
That isn't science, Pat, it's simply religion looking for intellectual cred by donning a lab coat. ... Well of course, Pat! Science is about discovery, and developing new theories to supplant old ones when the evidence calls for ... Science had to figure it out first, before you could take credit for her." I also had to fill her in on background history of ... I thought science was supposed to be based off evidence and fact, not wishful thinking that some great event might have caused ...
*  Evolution vs. Creation - Best of New Orleans - Discussion on Topix
High school senior Zack Kopplin is leading the fight to repeal the Louisiana Science Education Act of 2008. Join the discussion ... Of course, all bad stuff is because people don't pay enough attention to YOUR religion... ... 6. Evolutionary supports are ... evos prattle on about philosophy and hubris on an evolution/creation debating thread and avoiding any discussing science.. I'l ...
*  The Cabbages of Doom: No place for Creationism in state-funded UK schools
... religion (26) reptiles (3) restaurant (13) review (102) robots (1) rock (9) rugby (1) running (1) science (190) science fiction ... Engaging young people with science: a science capital approach 2 weeks ago ... James McInerney's Science Exploratorium Origins of major archaeal clades correspond to gene acquisitions from bacteria 2 years ... Bioinformatics is just like bench science and should be treated as such. A bad workman blames his tools. A bad life scientist ...
*  Dinosaur-Bird Flap Ruffles Feathers
It doesn't stop people whose religion compels them to misrepresent science, but we have the fossil record our models of ... Science isn't about 'worship'. You blatantly misstate what science does, then you wonder why we question your competence in the ... KEYWORDS: bambiraptor; cretaceous; dinosaur; dinosaurs; godsgravesglyphs; hitchcock; paleontology; science; theropods; triassic ... This is unfortunate and the reasons for it have nothing to do with science. We have the fossil record our models of evolution ...
*  Citizen MD [American Medical Association op-ed against Intelligent Design]
What were Galileo Galilei's conflicts with the Roman Catholic Church? It was not a simple conflict between science and religion ... There is no such thing as consensus science. If it's consensus, it isn't science. If it's science, it isn't consensus. Period. ... Rather it was a conflict between Copernican science and Aristotelian science which had become Church tradition. Galileo ... In the classroom of my youth, one nun taught creationism in religion class while another taught evolution in science, and never ...
*  Portal:History of science/Article/22 - Wikipedia
... often portrayed in the mass media in the broader context of the culture wars or a supposed dispute between religion and science ... Retrieved from "" ...
*  Bill "The Science Guy" Nye Says Creationism Is Not Appropriate For Children - Slashdot
The Science Guy') in which he challenges the low level of acceptance of evolution, particularly in the United States. He does ... "its my religion". His purpose is not to decry religion, but to defend science, evolution specifically as it is the target of ... I think the thought process is less "don't let religion get into science" and more "think rationally about scientific matters ... You failed science class didn't you?. Science is about creating theories and working to prove or disprove them. Scientists ...
*  Sandwalk: Mutation and Intelligent Design Creationism
Science reveals where religion conceals. Where religion purports to explain, it actually resorts to tautology. To assert that " ... The Sandwalk is the path behind the home of Charles Darwin where he used to walk every day, thinking about science. You can see ... 1. Currently at L'Institut d'Histoire et de Philosophie des Sciences et des Techniques at the Université de Paris. ... Furthermore, they know full well that "social Darwinism" is evil-by using "Darwinism" to describe modern science they conjure ...
*  Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses - Wikipedia
Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in English and ... Studies in Religion / Sciences Religieuses is abstracted and indexed in: Arts and Humanities Citation Index Current Contents/ ... established 1971 and is currently published by SAGE Publications on behalf of the Canadian Corporation for Studies in Religion ... Studies Religious and Theological Abstracts Theology Digest Official website Canadian Corporation for Studies in Religion. ...
*  Physics and Physicists: Science-Religion Forum
Northwestern Oklahoma State University is hosting its 4th Science and Religion forum this coming weekend.. Well, first of all, ...
*  Muslim Views on Religion, Science and Popular Culture | Pew Research Center
Religion and Science. Most Muslims do not believe there is an inherent tension between religion and science. In just two of the ... The World's Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society. Chapter 7: Religion, Science and Popular Culture. The survey asked Muslims ... In the Southeast Asian countries surveyed, fewer than a third of Muslims say there is a tension between religion and science. ... In the South Asian countries surveyed, Muslims' opinions about the compatibility of science and religion differ considerably. ...
*  Religion and Science - Bertrand Russell - Google Books
... offers a brief yet insightful study of the conflicts between science and traditional religion during the last four centuries. ... This classic is sure to interest all readers of philosophy and religion, as well as those interested in Russell's thought and ... In turn, he identifies where similar debates between modern science and the Church still exist today. Michael Ruse's new ... introduction brings these conflicts between science and theology up to date, focusing on issues arising after World War II. ...
*  Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival - Wikipedia
Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival, the first of The Science Network's annual Beyond Belief symposia, held ... The Templeton foundation has funded numerous conferences intended to "smooth over the differences between science and religion ... science needs to take on an evangelical role, vying with religion as teller of the greatest story ever told." The event was ... "a free-for-all on science and religion," which seemed at times like "the founding convention for a political party built on a ...,_Religion,_Reason_and_Survival
*  Science & Religion: A Symposium - Wikipedia
Relationship between religion and science Note To Original Edition in 1969 reprint edition of Science & Religion: A Symposium, ... Science & Religion: A Symposium (1931) is a book first published in 1931, consisting of a lightly edited transcription of ... In contrast to the 1920s conflicts between science and religion in the U.S. (e.g., the Scopes trial), 1920's Great Britain ... page v Reconciling Science and Religion: The Debate in Early-twentieth-century Britain, Peter J. Bowler, 2001, University of ...
*  Relationship between religion and science - Wikipedia
"Science and Religion". Encyclopedia of Religion p. 8182 quoted in Ted Peters, Science and Religion, Encyclopedia of Religion, p ... The USA's National Academy of Science supports the view that science and religion are independent. Science and religion are ... Science and Religion" doi:10.1126/science.277.5332.1589a Science 13 December 1957: Vol. 126. no. 3285, pp. 1225-29; "Science ... 10.1126/science.127.3310.1324 Science 23 February 2001: Vol. 291. no. 5508, pp. 1472-74; "PAPAL SCIENCE: Science and Religion ...
*  Zygon Center for Religion and Science - Wikipedia
Zygon Center for Religion and Science Official site Center for Advanced Study in Religion and Science (CASIRAS). ... Ian Barbour, one of the godfathers of religion and science study is a frequent guest also. Although sharing a name and various ... The Zygon Center for Religion and Science is a non-profit organization housed at the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago ... It also hosts a yearly seminar with changing topics entitled the "Advanced Seminar in Religion and Science." The center has ...
*  Science and Religion by Tash Tahir
Science and future science instructors need to learn the value of science from history and how religion played a major role in ... With this brief glimpse of history of science and religion we see that alone both science and religion are actually destructive ... Historically, religion and science have always been viewed as two completely different fields of study. Religion, based on ... Al-Azhar can be used as a cornerstone, to show that religion goes hand in hand with science and religion. Al-Azhar University ...
*  Apologetics Press - Evolution is Religion-Not Science [Part I]
... political science, and others.. Even further removed from operational science is so-called "origins science." Origins science ... This true science is referred to as "operational science." In recent years, the term "science" has been broadened to include ... Evolution is Religion-Not Science [Part I]. by Michael G. Houts, Ph.D.. ... National Academy of Sciences (1998), Teaching about Evolution and the Nature of Science (Washington, D.C.: National Academy ...
*  Relations of Science and Religion
Reprinted in Religion, Philosophy and Psychic Research (London: Routledge, 1953). The Present Relations of Science and Religion ... the sciences of ostensibly non-living matter, * the biological sciences, and * the sciences which deal with specifically human ... We can now ask ourselves how far, if at all, the various sciences are relevant to the truth of that religion. I must begin by ... I propose to take certain of the sciences; to state how they have been relevant to religion in the past; and to consider ...
*  Canadian life-support case pits religion vs science | Canada | Reuters
Medical science and religion clashed this week over whether to switch off life-support equipment that is keeping an 84-year-old ... Medical science and religion clashed this week over whether to switch off life-support equipment that is keeping an 84-year-old ... TORONTO (Reuters) - Medical science and religion clashed this week over whether to switch off life-support equipment that is ... The conflict, a medical ethicist said, is becoming increasingly common as science extends its ability to prolong life. ...
*  Cognitive science of religion - Wikipedia
Psychology of religion International Association for the Cognitive Science of Religion (IACSR) Issues in Science and Religion ... Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27, 713-770. Barrett, J.L. "Cognitive Science of Religion: What Is It and Why Is It?" Religion ... cognitive science of religion' in his article "Exploring the natural foundations of religion". Since 2000, cognitive science of ... a key concept within cognitive science of religion. The real beginning of cognitive science of religion can be dated to the ...
*  EnviroLink Forum • View topic - science or religion
Will science be mans ultimate friend or foe?. Will religion be likewise?. Or will they combine and reveal god?. The God that is ... Where ever you draw the line, you're not going to convince that science or religion overwhelms purely anecdotal personal ... God equals science and science equals God.. God lives in imagination and hope. To many people no God equals despair. ... God equals science and science equals God.. God lives in imagination and hope. To many people no God equals despair. ...
*  Political science of religion - Wikipedia
The political science of religion (also referred to as politicology of religion or politology of religion) is one of the ... "Has Political Science Overlooked Religion?" (PDF). Political Science and Politics. "Religion and Politics". Internet ... The political science of religion or politology of religion was established as an academic discipline in 1993 at the Faculty of ... The political science of religion is studied at almost all universities and political science departments in the United States ...
*  Issues in Science and Religion - Wikipedia
Issues in Science and Religion (1966). Part 2. Barbour, Ian. Issues in Science and Religion (1966). Part 3. Holmes Rolston III ... Issues in Science and Religion (1966), page 115 Barbour, Ian. Issues in Science and Religion (1966). Part 1. Barbour, Ian. ... The first part is concerned with the history of science and religion, the second with the methods of science and religion, and ... Relationship between religion and science List of science and religion scholars "The PBS Online Newhour May 28, 1999". ...

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(1/18) Perceptions of science. The anatomical mission to Burma.

Until the 1830s, most Americans were unfamiliar with the images of anatomy. Then a small vanguard of reformers and missionaries began to preach, at home and around the world, that an identification with the images and concepts of anatomy was a crucial part of the civilizing process. In his essay, Sappol charts the changes in the perception of self that resulted from this anatomical evangelism. Today, as anatomical images abound in the arts and the media, we still believe that anatomical images show us our inner reality.  (+info)

(2/18) Why we think it is important to discuss intelligent design.

Belief in God and belief in the science of evolution are not mutually exclusive concepts. Thousands of scientists who believe in God are able to separately study and teach evolution. As scientists and parents, we owe it to our children to ensure that public school science curricula teach the science of evolution and not promote a particular religious faith or belief system.  (+info)

(3/18) Defending science education against intelligent design: a call to action.

We review here the current political landscape and our own efforts to address the attempts to undermine science education in Wisconsin. To mount an effective response, expertise in evolutionary biology and in the history of the public controversy is useful but not essential. However, entering the fray requires a minimal tool kit of information. Here, we summarize some of the scientific and legal history of this issue and list a series of actions that scientists can take to help facilitate good science education and an improved atmosphere for the scientific enterprise nationally. Finally, we provide some model legislation that has been introduced in Wisconsin to strengthen the teaching of science.  (+info)

(4/18) Science, medicine, and intercessory prayer.

Among the many recent attempts to demonstrate the medical benefits of religious activity, the methodologically strongest seem to be studies of the effects of distant intercessory prayer (IP). In these studies, patients are randomly assigned to receive standard care or standard care plus the prayers or "healing intentions" of distant intercessors. Most of the scientific community has dismissed such research, but cavalier rejection of studies of IP is unwise, because IP studies appear to conform to the standards of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and, as such, would have a significant advantage over observational investigations of associations between religious variables and health outcomes. As we demonstrate, however, studies of IP fail to meet the standards of RCTs in several critical respects. They fail to adequately measure and control exposure to prayer from others, which is likely to exceed IP and to vary widely from subject to subject, and whose magnitude is unknown. This supplemental prayer so greatly attenuates the differences between the treatment and control groups that sample sizes are too large to justify studies of IP. Further, IP studies generally do not specify the outcome variables, raising problems of multiple comparisons and Type 1 errors. Finally, these studies claim findings incompatible with current views of the physical universe and consciousness. Unless these problems are solved, studies of IP should not be conducted.  (+info)

(5/18) Cui bono? A review of breaking the spell: religion as a natural phenomenon by Daniel C. Dennett.

The three requirements for a Darwinian evolutionary process are replication, variation and selection. Dennett (2006) discusses various theories of how these three processes, especially selection, may have operated in the evolution of religion. He believes that the origins of religion, like the origins of language and music, may be approached scientifically. He hopes that such investigations will open a dialog between science and religion leading to moderation of current religious extremism. One problem with Dennett's program, illustrating the difficulty of breaking away from creationist thinking, is Dennett's own failure to consider how Darwinian methods may be used to study evolution of behavioral patterns over the lifetime of individual organisms.  (+info)

(6/18) Scientists, bioethics and democracy: the Italian case and its meanings.

In June 2005, Italy held a referendum on repealing the law on medically assisted fertilization (Law 40/2004), which limits access to artificial reproduction to infertile couples, and prohibits the donation of gametes, the cryopreservation of embryos, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PDG), and research on human embryos. The referendum was invalidated, and the law remained unchanged. The Italian political e bioethical debate on assisted reproduction was manipulated by the Catholic Church, which distorted scientific data and issues at stake with the help of Catholic politicians and bioethicists. What happened in Italy shows that some perverse socio-cultural e political mechanisms are spreading the absurd and anti-historical view that scientific and technological advancements are threatening democracy and personal freedom. Scientists should not only contrast the political attempts at limiting freedom of scientific research, but also tell politicians, humanists and citizens that the invention of Western science with its view of scientific community as an "open society", contributed and still contributes, through scientific education, to the construction and maintaining of the moral and political values underlying Western democracies.  (+info)

(7/18) The threat from creationism to the rational teaching of biology.

Most biologists outside the USA and a few other countries, like Australia and Canada, are under the impression that the threat to the teaching of biology represented by creationism does not concern them directly. This is unfortunately no longer true: the recent growth of creationism, especially in its pseudo-scientific manifestation known as "intelligent design", has been obvious in several countries of Western Europe, especially the UK, Germany and Poland, and it is beginning to be noticeable in Brazil, and maybe elsewhere in Latin America. The problem is complicated by the fact that there are not just two possibilities, evolution and creationism, because creationism comes in various incompatible varieties. Turkey is now a major source of creationist propaganda outside the USA, and is especially significant in relation to its influence on Muslim populations in Europe. The time for biologists to address the creationist threat is now.  (+info)

(8/18) You say you want an evolution? A role for scientists in science education.


  • Cognition and Culture
  • These included Rethinking Religion: Connecting Cognition and Culture and Bringing Ritual to Mind: Psychological Foundations of Cultural Forms by E. Thomas Lawson and Robert McCauley, Naturalness of Religious Ideas by Pascal Boyer, Inside the Cult and Arguments and Icons by Harvey Whitehouse, and Guthrie's book-length development of his earlier theories in Faces in the Clouds. (
  • 2001
  • Edward Grant: author of The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages (1996), God and Reason in the Middle Ages (2001), and Science and Religion, 400 B.C. to A.D. 1550: From Aristotle to Copernicus (2004) Nidhal Guessoum: author of Islam's Quantum Question: Reconciling Muslim Tradition and Modern Science (2010) John Habgood: author of Religion and Science (1964). (
  • The International Society for Science and Religion (ISSR) is a learned society established in 2001 for the purpose of the promotion of education through the support of inter-disciplinary learning and research in the fields of science and religion conducted where possible in an international and multi-faith context. (
  • Scientists
  • The event was conceived as a response to the efforts of the Templeton Foundation to reconcile science with religion, according to its underwriter Robert Zeps, who told an interviewer, "I am not anti-Templeton in the sense of funding scientists to say mean things about religion. (
  • The relationship between religion and science has been a subject of study since classical antiquity, addressed by philosophers, theologians, scientists, and others. (
  • Many scientists, philosophers, and theologians throughout history, such as Francisco Ayala, Kenneth R. Miller and Francis Collins, have seen compatibility or independence between religion and science. (
  • This rationalization allows us to conclude that scientists, without religion to satisfy their spiritual needs, would go insane. (
  • What scientists and theologians alike need to realize is that science is not disproving but rather affirming faith through the examination of the intrinsically perfect system, or phenomena, that was already present on earth when humans arrived. (
  • That particular approach to evolutionary explanations of human behaviour is particularly suitable to the cognitive byproduct explanation of religion that is most popular among cognitive scientists of religion. (
  • These theoretical commitments are not shared by all cognitive scientists of religion, however. (
  • Henry Margenau: co-author of Cosmos, Bios, Theos Scientists Reflect on Science, God, and the Origins of the Universe, Life, and Homo sapiens (1992) Alister McGrath: Andreas Idreos Professor of Science and Religion at the University of Oxford (2014-) Robert K. Merton: sociologist proposing the Merton Thesis E. A. Milne: author of Modern Cosmology and the Christian Idea of God (1952). (
  • Harman was at the time a tenured professor of Electrical Engineering and one of a number of leading Stanford scientists who concluded that the beliefs and methods of normal science had become self-limiting, and who developed a particular interest in the nature and role of consciousness. (
  • E5 Success factors More 288(44 phenomena and diversity Canadians on Additional outcomes investigating C. More pathways scientists on download is science a religion activities and Solutions with putrefaciens to Canada. (
  • In Science vs. Religion , Elaine Howard Ecklund investigates this unexamined assumption in the first systematic study of what scientists actually think and feel about religion. (
  • Ecklund reveals how scientists-believers and skeptics alike-are struggling to engage the increasing number of religious students in their classrooms and argues that many scientists are searching for "boundary pioneers" to cross the picket lines separating science and religion. (
  • The first was a group of scientists from the Committee on Science and Values of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. (
  • In 1954 the scientists accepted an invitation to present their views to the religious group at a seven-day conference on Religion in an Age of Science on Star Island. (
  • scholars
  • Events in Europe such as the Galileo affair, associated with the scientific revolution and the Age of Enlightenment, led scholars such as John William Draper to postulate a conflict thesis, holding that religion and science have been in conflict methodologically, factually and politically throughout history. (
  • The IACSR is an interdisciplinary association, including scholars from a wide variety of disciplines in the human, social, natural and health sciences that are interested in the academic, scientific study of religious phenomena. (
  • The spelling voodoo, once very common, is now generally avoided by Haitian practitioners and scholars when referring to the Haitian religion. (
  • centers
  • In 2006, Georgetown University established the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs as one of the first American university research centers devoted to issues surrounding the political science of religion. (
  • The book centers around vivid portraits of 10 representative men and women working in the natural and social sciences at top American research universities. (
  • disciplines
  • Science and religion are the two leading disciplines of thought that still look to truth as the essence of the human quest. (
  • The political science of religion (also referred to as politicology of religion or politology of religion) is one of the youngest disciplines in the political sciences that deals with a study of influence that religion has on politics and vice versa with a focus on the relationship between the subjects (actors) in politics in the narrow sense: government, political parties, pressure groups, and religious communities. (
  • Students will demonstrate an intellectual foundation in the historical, philosophical and theological issues that are relevant to the natural sciences, particularly where these disciplines interface with religious topics. (
  • beliefs
  • Most Buddhists today view science as complementary to their beliefs. (
  • In fact, there are a great many things that science alone can not explain and these missing pieces leave room for and necessitate religion and its subsequent beliefs. (
  • In origins science, the interpretation of evidence strongly depends on a person's religious beliefs. (
  • It offers up the alternative notion of complexity, which bases the relationship between science and religion on changing circumstances where it is defined upon each particular historical situation and the actual beliefs and ideas of the scientific and religious figures involved. (
  • defines
  • Coyne defines science as "a collection of methods" which yield knowledge which may be rejected or confirmed via testing. (
  • incompatible
  • In Central Asia as well as Southern and Eastern Europe, no more than four-in-ten Muslims say religion and modernity are incompatible, including just 13% of Azerbaijani Muslims. (
  • With this definition in hand, he went on to argue that religion and science were inherently incompatible "because they have different methods of getting knowledge about reality, different ways of assessing the reliability of that knowledge, and, in the end, arrive at conflicting conclusions about the universe. (
  • evolution
  • Nevertheless, the American National Academy of Sciences has written that "the evidence for evolution can be fully compatible with religious faith", a view officially endorsed by many religious denominations globally. (
  • One of the greatest deceptions perpetrated by atheists and humanists is that the theory of evolution is somehow "science. (
  • The reality is that "evolution" has nothing to do with science, but is merely a tenet of certain false religions opposed to God. (
  • It is important for Christians to realize that evolution is simply another erroneous belief, and that they need not be intimidated into believing that the theory is supported by true science. (
  • This is the main reason it is important to realize that evolution is simply another false religion, and that the temptation people face when confronted with that religion is nothing new. (
  • The policy makers would have no problem if you relegated creation to religion classes, and limited yourself to evolution in the biology classes. (
  • They would not even have a problem if in addition to treating evolution in the biology classes you also treated it in religion classes. (
  • As far as the new policy makers are concerned, you could criticize evolution to your heart's content within a religion class. (
  • As far as the new policy makers are concerned, intellectual history has progressed far enough for everyone to realize that creation belongs to the realm of religion and evolution to the realm of science, and that the twain do not meet. (
  • faith
  • In just two of the 23 countries where the question was asked do more than half of Muslims say there is a conflict between faith and science. (
  • By a 57%-to-29% margin, most Afghan Muslims say there is no inherent tension between faith and science. (
  • Across the nations surveyed in Southern and Eastern Europe, more than a quarter of Muslims in each country believes there is an inherent tension between faith and science, including 57% in Albania. (
  • Religion, based on faith and an analytical, interpretative way of thinking whereas science is based upon observation, experimentation, and the if I can feel it then its real mentality. (
  • In these fast paced, electronic, always on the move times people may find religious faith and unity amongst men a little hard to accept when they are being bombarded with scientific facts proclaiming that there is no God nor need for religion. (
  • The Institute has published 17 Faraday Papers discussing various science and faith issues, which are available online in 12 different languages. (
  • Many others are what she calls "spiritual entrepreneurs," seeking creative ways to work with the tensions between science and faith outside the constraints of traditional religion. (
  • Ritual
  • In Haiti, practitioners occasionally use "Vodou" to refer to Haitian religion generically, but it is more common for practitioners to refer to themselves as those who "serve the spirits" (sèvitè) by participating in ritual ceremonies, usually called a "service to the loa" (sèvis lwa) or an "African service" (sèvis gine). (
  • deeper
  • My deeper engagement with the questions addressed in " Religion, Science, and Spirit " began in October 1962, as a doctoral student at the Stanford Business School. (
  • atheists
  • It is also important that Christians not become suspicious of science just because evolutionists and atheists falsely claim it supports their worldview. (
  • quarterly
  • In this download is science a, the Quarterly table( RW), and organizations from the whole system( AP) and proportional relationship( pp.) in a stress cognition transport field were verified to see the group and photochemistry of focus( objectively), significantly exactly as the co-creation of As JavaScript reactions during the reverse crime( drop) metabolism. (
  • modern
  • Of the populations surveyed in these regions, Turkish Muslims are the most closely divided on the issue: 38% say there is a conflict between religion and modern life, while 49% disagree. (
  • It was in the 17th century that the concept of "religion" received its modern shape despite the fact that ancient texts like the Bible, the Quran, and other sacred texts did not have a concept of religion in the original languages and neither did the people or the cultures in which these sacred texts were written. (
  • John Freely: author of Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World and Before Galileo: The Birth of Modern Science in Medieval Europe. (
  • Perhaps the author is right in regarding Dewey as the outstanding cause of the modern cleavage between science and religion. (
  • Modern science is all about agendas, speculation, making the facts fit the presupposition , none of which have anything to do with A. the Bible and B, real Science. (
  • Bible
  • It annoys me when people say the Bible isn't a science textbook -- as if that criteria means nothing but a science textbook can be taken as an accurate observation of anything scientific. (
  • It's especially annoying when few of the actual science textbooks in government schools are as dependable as the Bible, most having to be revised constantly due to mistakes by the writers and publishers. (
  • But even more annoying to me is when people try to change the Bible, or superimpose "facts" based on "science" which inevitably is short sighted, yet still adopted by the culture at large. (