Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Somalia: Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.Yugoslavia: Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.Bhutan: A kingdom in the eastern Himalayas on the northeast border of India, bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Assam, on the south by Assam and West Bengal, and on the west by Sikkim and Tibet. From 1720 to 1970 it was under Chinese or Indian domination. In 1971 it became a member of the United Nations. The name comes from the Sanskrit bhota, the name for Tibet, + anta, end, with reference to its location at the southern extremity of Tibet. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p144 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p64)War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.AfghanistanMyanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Relief Work: Assistance, such as money, food, or shelter, given to the needy, aged, or victims of disaster. It is usually granted on a temporary basis. (From The American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.CambodiaBosnia-Herzegovina: A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).LebanonParasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Macedonia (Republic): Formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, comprising the Yugoslav section of the region of Macedonia. It was made a constituent republic in the 1946 constitution. It became independent on 8 February 1994 and was recognized as The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia by the United States Board on Geographic Names 16 February 1994.Algeria: A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.LaosBurundi: A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.Eritrea: A country of eastern Africa, west of the Red Sea, bordered west and northwest by SUDAN, and south by ETHIOPIA. Its capital is Asmara.IraqUnited Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

*  Eritrea: Refugees and Responsibility

In Shimelba Refugee Camp, in northern Ethiopia, the UNHCR compound is open only a few hours per week, as impervious to refugees ... there were almost 210,000 refugees from Eritrea in that year, of whom only 2,500 benefited from UNHCR refugee resettlement ... but also of the structural failure of the international refugee system to find sustainable solutions for long-term refugees. ... Some refugees get sick of waiting - who wouldn't? - and take their chances. But the routes to escape are toxic. If they make it ...
africafocus.org/docs11/er1105.php

*  IKEA Unveils Solar-Powered Flat Pack Shelters for Easily Deployable Emergency Housing | Inhabitat - Green Design, Innovation,...

... flat packed shelter with solar power for displaced refugees. ... and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR) ... We have been building refugee shelters since 1965, and there are shelters we erected in 1967 for Palestinian refugees for UNWRA ... Prior to the IKEA collaboration, the UNCHR was only able to provide tents or converted mass-shelters for the influx of refugees ... Five people can sleep comfortably inside, which is twice the size of the regulation refugee tent. The best part, the homes have ...
https://inhabitat.com/ikeas-solar-powered-flat-pack-refugee-shelters-offer-easily-deployable-emergency-housing/

*  TRAINING: Supporting Immigrant & Refugee Children & Families - LAWRENCE Tickets, Fri, Mar 21, 2014 at 9:00 AM | Eventbrite

Refugee Children & Families - LAWRENCE - Friday, March 21, 2014 at Asian Center of Merrimack Valley, Lawrence, MA. Find event ... Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee Advocacy Coalition presents TRAINING: Supporting Immigrant & ... TRAINING: Supporting Immigrant & Refugee Children & Families - LAWRENCE. Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee Advocacy Coalition ... Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee Advocacy Coalition. RSVP via links below. For questions, contact:. Leah Muse-Orlinoff. 617- ...
https://eventbrite.com/e/training-supporting-immigrant-refugee-children-families-lawrence-tickets-10317601223

*  Medical treatments available to asylum seekers in Germany - THE AFRICAN COURIER

Refugees can then look for a specific doctor (who is certified for the treatment of refugees), who decides on the treatment or ... All refugees arriving in Germany have a right to medical aid. However, the facilities and services they can access are limited ... When refugees first enter Germany, doctors examine them for communicable diseases. For this purpose, experts carry out an x-ray ... This is valid for the entire duration of the asylum seekers' stay in the reception centres and in central refugee shelters of ...
theafricancourier.de/living-in-germany/medical-treatments-available-to-asylum-seekers-in-germany/

*  Access to primary health care services by community-based asylum seekers | The Medical Journal of Australia

We greatly appreciate the assistance of the staff at the Asylum Seekers Centre and the NSW Refugee Health Service. In ... and health care practitioners and staff from the Asylum Seekers Centre and the NSW Refugee Health Service. ... comparison with refugees and immigrants. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1998; 97: 175-181. ... 17. Queensland Refugee Health Service. Service plan. Brisbane: Queensland Health, 2008. http://www.health.qld.gov.au/ ...
https://mja.com.au/journal/2011/195/4/access-primary-health-care-services-community-based-asylum-seekers

*  The Politics of Migrant Health Care: A Comparative Study of Mexican Immigrants and Indochinese Refugees by Rubén G. Rumbaut ::...

Efforts to address the health care problems of undocumented migrants and refugees have typically lacked reliable information ... Immigration, Refugee & Citizenship Law eJournal. Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this topic ... The Politics of Migrant Health Care: A Comparative Study of Mexican Immigrants and Indochinese Refugees. RG Rumbaut, et al., ... The study is based on comprehensive surveys of large samples of Mexican immigrants and Indochinese refugees; nearly 3,000 in- ...
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2076394

*  Syrian Refugees

Refugees Tense Ahead of Trump Executive Order. A draft of the executive order suggests a 120-day suspension of the U.S. refugee ... Refugee Orchestra Project Brings Musicians to New York. "I hope to demonstrate just how many refugees are around us each day ... Meet the Syrian Refugees Who Terrify Donald Trump. In Baltimore, Syrian refugees are living proof of Donald Trump's limited ... Most Refugees Have Fled From 10 Conflicts: Report. The responsibility of hosting refugees hasn't been shared evenly, a new ...
newsweek.com/topic/syrian-refugees

*  Asheville, North Carolina! You are next! Federal refugee contractor has come to town « Refugee Resettlement Watch

... the International Rescue Committee to be the among the new sites for placement of mostly Middle Eastern and African refugees. ... This whole idea of bringing refugees to USA is insane!!! Why are they refugees and why not make their homes in the Middle East ... Refugee Admission numbers for FY2017. January 20, 2017 (Inauguration Day), refugee admissions for FY2017 stood at 30,122. Trump ... Muslim refugees, Pockets of Resistance, Refugee Resettlement Program, Resettlement cities, Taxpayer goodies, The Opposition, ...
https://refugeeresettlementwatch.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/ashville-north-carolina-you-are-next-federal-refugee-contractor-has-come-to-town/

*  Refworld | Population groups / Ashkaelian

Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a ... Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC) 1. *Organization for Security and Co-operation in ...
refworld.org/topic/50ffbce5307/50ffbce536a.html

*  Labor Archive - KALW - page 2

Refugees with minors in their families get five years of free services, including health care, but refugees without kids only ... To make that approach work, they rely on refugees like Azin Izadifar. She's now doing outreach to other Iranian refugees in the ... Doctor Loren Krane is a psychologist working with refugees. He says refugees like Izadifar often don't seek therapy because of ... Many Middle Eastern refugees are Iraqis who have fled war-related violence. But in the past decade, the largest number of ...
blog.sfgate.com/kalw/category/labor/page/2/

*  Refworld | Population groups / Africans

Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a ... Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada 8. *Council of Europe: European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI ...
refworld.org/topic/50ffbce5307/50ffbce5322.html

*  the brain police: The Death Of Stalinism In Bohemia

Groupe Coordination Aude Mali assists refugees from Timbuctu with their basic survival needs in the refugee camp in Djibo, ...
thebrainpolice.blogspot.com/2011/10/death-of-stalinism-in-bohemia.html

*  Agreement on Resettlement of the Population Groups Uprooted by the Armed Conflict - Wikisource, the free online library

Commissioner for Refugees and the agreement of 8 October 1992 between the Government and the Standing Committees of Refugees, ... refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons, either dispersed or in groups, including popular resistance groups. ...
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Agreement_on_Resettlement_of_the_Population_Groups_Uprooted_by_the_Armed_Conflict

*  High Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency Among Refugees

... prompting calls for refugees to be routinely screened for the problem soon after they arrive. ... A high prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency among refugees, ... High Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency Among Refugees. by ... A high prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency among refugees, prompting calls for refugees to be routinely screened for the ... "Screening for vitamin B12 is not currently part of the standard health check for refugees entering Australia, but based on the ...
medindia.net/news/high-prevalence-of-vitamin-b12-deficiency-among-refugees-115358-1.htm

*  OHCHR | Cyprus Homepage

Refugee Conventions. Note: OHCHR is not responsible for the content of external links.. ...
ohchr.org/EN/Countries/ENACARegion/Pages/CYIndex.aspx

*  OHCHR | Mozambique Links

The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide ... Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. ... Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ...
ohchr.org/EN/Countries/AfricaRegion/Pages/MZlinks.aspx

*  Refworld | Population groups / Ewe

Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a ... 26 September 2003 , Publisher: Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada , Document type: Query Responses ... 26 September 2003 , Publisher: Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada , Document type: Query Responses ... 17 September 2002 , Publisher: Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada , Document type: Query Responses ...
refworld.org/topic/50ffbce5307/50ffbce5469.html

*  Refworld | Population groups / Burakumin

Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a ... November 2016 , Publisher: UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) , Document type: Research, Background and Discussion ...
refworld.org/topic/50ffbce5307/50ffbce53ee.html

*  Unconventional Refugees by Elizabeth Keyes :: SSRN

Refugees are a flash point for political divisions in the United States and abroad. The enormous personal, moral, and legal ... "unconventional refugees." The Refugee Convention's principle of non-refoulement (or non-return to the persecuting country) ... Refugees are a flash point for political divisions in the United States and abroad. The enormous personal, moral, and legal ... Immigration, Refugee & Citizenship Law eJournal. Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this topic ...
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2925522

*  Social Innovation Solution Competition - Ballard Center for Economic Self-Reliance - BYU Marriott School of Business

How is this related to refugees?. Numerous BYU students are interested in helping refugees. They also have a variety of ... He set up one-on-one meetings between a handful of refugees and Parisians and found that these regular meetings helped refugees ... Refugees are often unable to assimilate into new countries as they'd like because they lack a local network and don't have ... All of the refugees in this initial group gained confidence, developed friendships, and found jobs to match their skill set. ...
https://marriottschool.byu.edu/ballard/get-involved/competitions/case-competition

*  Refworld | Population groups / Afro-Colombians

Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a ... New Zealand: Refugee Status Appeals Authority 1. *Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC) ... Colombia: UN refugee agency urges civilian safety amid rising displacement in country's western region 13 May 2016 , Publisher ...
refworld.org/topic/50ffbce5307/50ffbce5325.html

*  The Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases and Refugee Health Network of Australia recommendations for health assessment...

Since then, the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching Australia has increased substantially (17 555 refugees in 2015- ... A report prepared for the Department of Human Services by the Victorian Refugee Health Network. Brunswick: Victorian Refugee ... 15. Johnston V, Smith L, Roydhouse H. The health of newly arrived refugees to the Top End of Australia: results of a clinical ... 27. Redditt VJ, Janakiram P, Graziano D, Rashid M. Health status of newly arrived refugees in Toronto, Ont: part 1: infectious ...
https://mja.com.au/journal/2017/206/7/australasian-society-infectious-diseases-and-refugee-health-network-australia

*  Palestinian refugees : NPR

Palestinian refugees
npr.org/tags/167545089/palestinian-refugees/archive?date=10-31-2011

*  Refugees - LLRX

Category «Refugees». Guide to International Refugee Law Resources on the Web. By Elisa Mason, 05 Mar 2009 This updated research ... Subjects: Features, Human Rights, International Legal Research, Refugees Features - Review of Annotated Refugee Convention: ... Features - Update to Guide to Country Research for Refugee Status Determination. By Elisa Mason, 18 Mar 2002 Update to Guide to ... Subjects: Book Reviews, Features, International Legal Research, Refugees ...
https://llrx.com/category/legal-research/comparative-foreign-law/refugees/

Al-Waleed (camp): Al-Waleed () is a makeshift Palestinian refugee camp in Iraq, near the border with Syria and the al-Tanf Crossing, and not far from the border with Jordan. It was set up in 2006 by Palestinian refugees stranded at the Iraqi-Syrian border The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has two field staff stationed in the camp.Transport in Somalia: Transport in Somalia refers to the transportation networks and modes of transport in effect in Somalia. They include highways, airports and seaports, in addition to various forms of public and private vehicular, maritime and aerial transportation.Yugoslavia at the 1972 Summer Paralympics: The Republic of Yugoslavia sent a delegation to compete at the 1972 Summer Paralympics in Heidelberg, West Germany. They sent twenty two competitors, fifteen male and seven female.Program for Torture VictimsMilitary history of BhutanList of military conflicts spanning multiple wars: Early histories of a war typically describe the war as it was declared by the states involved. It is not uncommon for later historians to group together a series of wars over a long period or spread over several theaters as part of a broader conflict or strategic campaign.Council of Ministers (Afghanistan): The Council of Ministers was the governmental organ in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and later the Republic of Afghanistan. The leader of the Council of Ministers chose ministers for the different ministeral posts in the country.List of hospitals in Mandalay: This is a list of hospitals in Mandalay, Myanmar.Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories are characterized by severe water shortage and are highly influenced by the Israeli occupation. The water resources of Palestine are fully controlled by Israel and the division of groundwater is subject to provisions in the Oslo II Accord.Microhyla berdmoreiTransport in South Sudan: == Highways ==Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator: December 1991List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.Inequality within immigrant families in the United States: Inequality within immigrant families refers to instances in which members of the same family have differing access to resources. Much literature focuses on inequality between families, but inequality often exists within families as well.Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre: Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre (PTWRC) is a wildlife centre located roughly by road south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The centre was established in 1995 and with an area of over 6,000 acres of protected regenerating forest, this is the largest zoo in Cambodia.Christian tattooing in Bosnia and HerzegovinaBeit Beirut: Beit Beirut (; literally "the house of Beirut") is a museum and urban cultural center that was scheduled to open in 2013 in Beirut's Ashrafieh neighborhood. The cultural center is in the restored Barakat building, also known as the "Yellow house", a historic landmark designed by Youssef Aftimus.Parasitic disease: A parasitic disease is an infectious disease caused or transmitted by a parasite. Many parasites do not cause diseases.List of birds of the Republic of Macedonia: This is a list of the bird species recorded in Macedonia. The avifauna of the Republic of Macedonia include a total of 335 species, none of which are introduced, accidental or endemic.List of butterflies of Algeria: This is a list of butterflies of Algeria. About 121 species are known from Algeria.Health in Laos: Healthcare in Laos was poor in the early 1990s. Although diets are not grossly inadequate, chronic moderate vitamin and protein deficiencies are common, particularly among upland ethnic groups.Health in Burundi: Following independence, the World Health Organization (WHO) assisted in the organization of public health services and the training of sanitarians and public health nurses for Burundi. Students from Burundi received medical training at universities in France and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Dehab FaytingaDamage to Baghdad during the Iraq War: The city of Baghdad suffered significant damage during the Iraq War.Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition: The Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition was adopted by governments attending the 1974 World Food Conference. In it, states recognised that it is the common purpose of all nations to eliminate hunger and malnutrition.Oneirology: Oneirology (; from Greek [oneiron, "dream"; and -λογία], ["the study of") is the scientific study of [[dream]s. Current research seeks correlations between dreaming and current knowledge about the functions of the brain, as well as understanding of how the brain works during dreaming as pertains to memory formation and mental disorders.National Arab American Medical Association: United States

(1/603) Health policy development in wartime: establishing the Baito health system in Tigray, Ethiopia.

This paper documents health experiences and the public health activities of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF). The paper provides background data about Tigray and the emergence of its struggle for a democratic Ethiopia. The origins of the armed struggle are described, as well as the impact of the conflict on local health systems and health status. The health-related activities and public health strategies of the TPLF are described and critiqued in some detail, particular attention is focused on the development of the baito system, the emergent local government structures kindled by the TPLF as a means of promoting local democracy, accountability, and social and economic development. Important issues arise from this brief case-study, such as how emerging health systems operating in wartime can ensure that not only are basic curative services maintained, but preventive and public health services are developed. Documenting the experiences of Tigray helps identify constraints and possibilities for assisting health systems to adapt and cope with ongoing conflict, and raises possibilities that in their aftermath they leave something which can be built upon and further developed. It appears that promoting effective local government may be an important means of promoting primary health care.  (+info)

(2/603) Detection of poliovirus circulation by environmental surveillance in the absence of clinical cases in Israel and the Palestinian authority.

The global eradication of poliomyelitis, believed to be achievable around the year 2000, relies on strategies which include high routine immunization coverage and mass vaccination campaigns, along with continuous monitoring of wild-type virus circulation by using the laboratory-based acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance. Israel and the Palestinian Authority are located in a geographical region in which poliovirus is still endemic but have been free of poliomyelitis since 1988 as a result of intensive immunization programs and mass vaccination campaigns. To monitor the wild-type virus circulation, environmental surveillance of sewage samples collected monthly from 25 to 30 sites across the country was implemented in 1989 and AFP surveillance began in 1994. The sewage samples were processed in the laboratory with a double-selective tissue culture system, which enabled economical processing of large number of samples. Between 1989 and 1997, 2,294 samples were processed, and wild-type poliovirus was isolated from 17 of them in four clusters, termed "silent outbreaks," in September 1990 (type 3), between May and September 1991 (type 1), between October 1994 and June 1995 (type 1), and in December 1996 (type 1). Fifteen of the 17 positive samples were collected in the Gaza Strip, 1 was collected in the West Bank, and 1 was collected in the Israeli city of Ashdod, located close to the Gaza Strip. The AFP surveillance system failed to detect the circulating wild-type viruses. These findings further emphasize the important role that environmental surveillance can play in monitoring the eradication of polioviruses.  (+info)

(3/603) Challenge of Goodness II: new humanitarian technology, developed in croatia and bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991-1995, and applied and evaluated in Kosovo 1999.

This paper presents improvements of the humanitarian proposals of the Challenge of Goodness project published earlier (1). In 1999 Kosovo crisis, these proposals were checked in practice. The priority was again on the practical intervention - helping people directly - to prevent, stop, and ease suffering. Kosovo experience also prompted us to modify the concept of the Challenge of Goodness. It should include research and education (1. redefinition of health, 2. confronting genocide, 3. university studies and education, and 4. collecting experience); evaluation (1. Red Cross forum, 2. organization and technology assessment, 3. Open Hand - Experience of Good People); activities in different stages of war or conflict in: 1. prevention (right to a home, Hate Watch, early warning), 2. duration (refugee camps, prisoners-of-war camps, global hospital, minorities), 3. end of conflict (planned, organized, and evaluated protection), 4. post conflict (remaini ng and abandoned populations, prisoners of war and missing persons, civilian participation, return, and renewal). Effectiveness of humanitarian intervention may be performed by politicians, soldiers, humanitarian workers, and volunteers, but the responsibility lies on science. Science must objectively collect data, develop hypotheses, check them in practice, allow education, and be the force of good, upon which everybody can rely. Never since the World War II has anybody in Europe suffered in war and conflict so much as peoples in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. We should search for the meaning of their suffering, and develop new knowledge and technology of peace.  (+info)

(4/603) Lessons on humanitarian assistance.

Conflict almost completely destroyed Rwanda's infrastructure in 1994. Natural disasters, as well as disasters caused by humans, have severely challenged humanitarian aid available within the country. In this study, we have analysed the experiences of nongovernmental organizations since the summer of 1994 to evaluate how these difficulties may be overcome. One of the problems identified has been restrictions on the ability to introduce effective health planning due to the poor quality of available local information. The implementation of effective plans that show due consideration to the environment and society is clearly necessary. Effective monitoring and detailed observation are identified as being essential to the continuity of existing humanitarian assistance.  (+info)

(5/603) Measles in Vietnamese refugee children in Hong Kong.

From September 1991-January 1992, there was a measles epidemic in an established refugee camp for 7000 Vietnamese 'Boat People' living in Hong Kong. This 16 week outbreak occurred against a backdrop of poor uptake of measles vaccination and overcrowded living conditions. Two hundred and sixty-two children were affected (155 boys, 107 girls); 235 children (89.7 %) were < 2 years old, age range 5-39 months. Children age 6-11 months had the highest crude attack rate (AR) of 54.3%. The highest age specific crude AR was 83.8% in children aged 14 months. Measles complications affected 234 (89.3%) children. Sixty-six children (25.2%) were admitted to hospital. There were two deaths from pneumonia, giving a case fatality rate of 0.76%. Measles control in refugee camps continues to be a public health challenge.  (+info)

(6/603) Health status of and intervention for U.S.-bound Kosovar refugees--Fort Dix, New Jersey, May-July 1999.

In March 1999, as a result of armed conflict in the Kosovo province of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, approximately 860,000 ethnic Albanians sought refuge in neighboring Albania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), the Republic of Montenegro--Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina. As a result of massive refugee movement into FYROM, many nations, including the United States, accepted refugees for resettlement. Refugee processing centers were established in FYROM and the United States. In the United States, the Migration Health Assessment (MHA) of refugees was undertaken at Fort Dix, New Jersey (i.e., Operation Provide Refuge), in collaboration with the Office of Emergency Preparedness (OEP), Public Health Service, under the direction of the Office of Refugee Resettlement, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Assessments in Skopje, FYROM, were conducted by the International Organization for Migration. This report summarizes the results of collaboration between OEP and CDC to provide preventive health programs for 4045 Kosovar refugees at Fort Dix during a 10-week period, which found that the refugees were in good health and underscores the need for a tailored intervention program targeted at the health conditions of the specific population.  (+info)

(7/603) Nutritional status and mortality of refugee and resident children in a non-camp setting during conflict: follow up study in Guinea-Bissau.

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects on children of humanitarian aid agencies restricting help to refugee families (internally displaced people). DESIGN: Follow up study of 3 months. SETTING: Prabis peninsular outside Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, which has functioned as a refugee area for internally displaced people in the ongoing war, and the study area of the Bandim health project in Bissau. PARTICIPANTS: 422 children aged 9-23 months in 30 clusters. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mid-upper arm circumference and survival in relation to residence status. RESULTS: During the refugee situation all children deteriorated nutritionally, and mortality was high (3.0% in a 6 week period). Rice consumption was higher in families resident in Prabis than in refugees from Bissau but there was no difference in food expenditure. Nutritional status, measured by mid- upper arm circumference, was not associated with rice consumption levels in the family, and the decline in circumference was significantly worse for resident than for refugee children; the mid-upper arm circumference of refugee children increased faster than that of resident children. For resident children, mortality was 4.5 times higher (95% confidence interval 1.1 to 30.0) than for refugee children. Mortality for both resident and refugee children was 7.2 times higher (1.3 to 133.9) during the refugee's stay in Prabis compared with the period after the departure of the refugees. CONCLUSION: In a non-camp setting, residents may be more malnourished and have higher mortality than refugees. Major improvements in nutritional status and a reduction in mortality occurred in resident and refugee children as soon as refugees returned home despite the fact that there was no improvement in food availability.  (+info)

(8/603) The assessment of immigration status in health research.

OBJECTIVE: This report examines methodological issues relating to immigrant health, definition of immigrant, the assessment of immigrant status, and sampling strategies with immigrant populations. METHODS: A literature review was conducted for the period 1977-98, utilizing various computer data bases to identify relevant studies. A total of 179 separate U.S.-based studies were reviewed. Twenty-two sample instruments and two revised versions of instruments for the assessment of immigration status were evaluated. RESULTS: In general, research relating to immigrants and their health has not attended to methodological issues inherent in such investigations. Instruments utilized to assess immigration status differ across studies, making cross-study comparisons difficult. Few studies have relied on probability sampling. Almost no data are available on field performance of instruments developed to assess immigration status. CONCLUSIONS: Development of an appropriate instrument requires consideration of the definition of immigrant to be used, the level of respondent knowledge to be presumed, the political and social climate that exists at the time of the survey administration, the populations and geographic locales with which the instrument will be utilized, the complexity of the instrument, and methods of the instrument administration. In view of the paucity of data pertaining to the field performance of instruments used to assess immigration status, any instrument considered for use must be field tested and revised appropriately before incorporation into a national survey. The appropriateness of any particular sampling strategy should be evaluated in the context of the field testing.  (+info)



High Commissi


  • William Brangham interviews Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, about its importance. (pbs.org)
  • Back in Hungary I spoke with people from the Hungarian Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees who had come from Budapest, they were conducting a count at the gate. (taize.fr)
  • The decision was made Wednesday after sharp disagreement between the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees and the Thai government. (voanews.com)

Syrian Refugees


  • Meanwhile, Kal Penn raised more than $500,000 for Syrian refugees. (newsweek.com)
  • In Baltimore, Syrian refugees are living proof of Donald Trump's limited immigration policies. (newsweek.com)
  • Syrian refugees and doctors both find it hard to participate in Turkey's medical system-so they've taken health care underground. (newsweek.com)
  • Since 2011, 243 Syrian refugees have resettled in Texas, making the state one of the main U.S. relocation sites. (newsweek.com)
  • Donald Trump Jr. has posted a message on Twitter likening Syrian refugees to a bowl of poisoned Skittles. (pbs.org)
  • A British charity has announced it will contribute £250,000 of emergency humanitarian aid in Lebanon where more than a million Syrian refugees are now thought to be living. (irishtimes.com)
  • Who are the Syrian refugees? (msnbc.com)

asylum


  • The lieutenant received monthly payments and lived in German asylum accommodation after registering as a refugee in Syria. (newsweek.com)
  • then Hungarian blue buses that will transport you to the refugee camp where you will be invited to file your application for asylum. (taize.fr)
  • According to the Treaty of Dublin that Hungary was trying more or less to respect, the asylum application must be made in the first country of the European Union where the refugee arrives. (taize.fr)
  • Refugees and asylum seekers can face a number of challenges as they make their lives in the UK, but there are lots of ways that you can offer support. (unhcr.org)
  • If you are interested in providing housing to asylum seekers whose claims have been refused, or to someone who has recently been granted refugee status, you can get in touch with NACCOM or Refugees at Home . (unhcr.org)
  • People often have misconceptions about refugees and asylum seekers and sometimes fail to recognise their huge contribution to the UK. (unhcr.org)

officials


  • United Nations officials said that at least 149 of the refugees had died from hunger, thirst or heat exhaustion, or from drowning or broken bones when they jumped from the small cargo ship Gob Wein after it grounded offshore Monday. (nytimes.com)
  • Thai officials accused some of the refugees of planning an attack on the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok. (voanews.com)
  • On Monday, Ukrainian officials said a refugee convoy of several vehicles was displaying white flags as it traveled through an area where intense fighting had taken place. (marketwatch.com)

camps


  • During the day of Saturday, September 12, the Hungarian authorities transported 4,500 people by bus to various refugee camps, compared to the numbers the people from the United Nations agency whispered in our ears at 10 pm: they had counted 11,000 passages! (taize.fr)
  • Interviews at three different refugee camps in recent days showed that anger over shelling in residential areas is hampering the Kiev government's efforts to win the trust of people in the east. (marketwatch.com)

Crisis


  • But as the refugee crisis continues (NB: it's a crisis for the refugees . (marieclaire.co.uk)

Hungary


  • As increasing numbers of refugees flee Syria and Libya in favour of mainland Europe, five friends in Hungary noticed that they were being locked out of the train station at night, even though it was their own form of shelter. (marieclaire.co.uk)
  • Ferenc, the father of a family who have lived in Taizé for several years to help welcome the young adults, went to meet refugees arriving by the tens of thousands in Hungary. (taize.fr)
  • It was the point of arrival and reception of refugees in Hungary. (taize.fr)

Charity


  • Alternatively, if you represent a community organisation or charity, you can now support resettled refugees through community sponsorship . (unhcr.org)

integrate


  • Founded by Becky John, WMYP is an initiative that not only helps refugee women earn money and integrate into UK society, but gives them the skills to find employment elsewhere in the future, too. (marieclaire.co.uk)

camp


  • Jewish refugees, part of the Brihah (the postwar mass flight of Jews from eastern Europe), in a crowded boxcar on the way to a displaced persons camp in the American occupation zone. (ushmm.org)
  • Three-year-old Limar, who was deafened in a bomb blast, stands in her home in the Badawi refugee camp in Lebanon. (irishtimes.com)
  • Hanady Rakhan (left) the mother of three-year-old Limar (centre) who was deafened in a bomb blast and Tasnim, in their home in the Badawi refugee camp in Lebanon. (irishtimes.com)
  • Limar in her home in the Badawi refugee camp in Lebanon. (irishtimes.com)
  • A general view of posters in the Badawi refugee camp in Lebanon. (irishtimes.com)
  • People gather at a temporary tent camp set up for Ukrainian refugees outside Donetsk, located in Russia's Rostov region near the Russian-Ukrainian border, August 18, 2014. (marketwatch.com)

million


  • An estimated 65 million people worldwide are considered refugees and migrants. (pbs.org)
  • Although the U.S. has promised to accept 20,000 out of the 4.5 million refugees, so far only a fraction have been admitted to the country. (printmag.com)

World


  • I hope to demonstrate just how many refugees are around us each day and what we bring to the world. (newsweek.com)

people


  • We've been moved by the large number of people generously offering to share their homes with refugees. (unhcr.org)

help


  • This updated research guide by Elisa Mason directs readers to some of the key texts and resources available on the Web that can help shed light on, and provide a context for, many of the issues currently being deliberated in the refugee law arena. (llrx.com)
  • In response to a public groundswell of support for refugees, the Home Office has launched the "Help Refugees in the UK" webpage to help ensure that support is focused on the goods and services that refugees need most. (unhcr.org)
  • The Home Office has more information about how you can help refugees here . (unhcr.org)

interviews


  • The IRC initiative is based on interviews with, quotes from, and photographs of refugees who continue to be at risk. (printmag.com)

status


  • Rossiiskaya gazeta' reported that they all have UN refugee status. (rferl.org)

make


  • The countries hosting the most refugees make up less than 2 percent of the global economy. (newsweek.com)
  • Find out more about how you can make a difference to refugees living in the UK. (unhcr.org)

often


  • One of his friends speculated that it could be from a migrant boat that had sunk - they were sailing off the coast of Malta, and desperate refugees often passed that way. (marieclaire.co.uk)

Border


  • We walked with Kristóf as far as the border with Serbia, going upstream against the flood of refugees. (taize.fr)
  • The government of Thailand plans to relocate 1,500 Burmese political refugees from Bangkok to the border. (voanews.com)
  • Under an agreement between the Thai government and the United Nations, Burmese dissidents in Bangkok are to be moved to a new refugee facility near the Thai-Burmese border. (voanews.com)

Europe


  • Pope tells refugees whose journey to Europe was cut off that they're 'not alone. (newsweek.com)

Years


  • Nikandra Kopcke, 28, launched Mazi Mas three years ago, after recognizing that for the majority of refugee women, simply getting to the UK isn't nearly enough. (marieclaire.co.uk)

family


  • Fast forward one year, and he's still at sea, rescuing as many refugees from the waves as he can, with his family is on board helping out. (marieclaire.co.uk)
  • 21-month-old Syrian refugee Omar Gharibt, pictured on the outskirts of Tripoli in Lebanon after his family fled their home in Syria when their house was destroyed and his uncle killed during fighting. (irishtimes.com)

Office


  • For more information on helping refugees in the UK, visit the Home Office website . (unhcr.org)