Quadriplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.Cerebral Palsy: A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Paraplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Muscle Spasticity: A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)Hemiplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
Long-term follow-up of pacing of the conditioned diaphragm in quadriplegia.... quadriplegia. The present study reports the long-term results of continuous diaphragmatic pacing. Twelve quadriplegia patients ... Quadriplegia / complications*. Respiratory Paralysis / etiology, therapy*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. ...
Medico-economical Impact of the Brindley Neurosurgical Technique in France - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.govQuadriplegia. Intervention ICMJE Device: Brindley technique (bladder system) Sacral posterior rhizotomies and implantation of ...
Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014... provides data on the Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia clinical ... Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014 - New Report Available. Fast Market Research recommends ' ... This report provides elemental information and data relating to the clinical trials on Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia. It includes ... Boston, MA -- (SBWIRE) -- 07/24/2014 -- GlobalData's clinical trial report, "Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia Global Clinical Trials ...
Sleep apnoea in patients with quadriplegia.... sleep disordered breathing in patients with quadriplegia. METHO.. ... Sleep apnoea in patients with quadriplegia.. Author(s): McEvoy ... sleep disordered breathing in patients with quadriplegia. METHODS: Forty representative quadriplegic patients (time since ...
Man With Quadriplegia Controls Robot Arm With Mind - SlashdotHe's had quadriplegia for seven years. The feat was accomplished using implanted ECoG electrodes and weeks of computer training ... Man With Quadriplegia Controls Robot Arm With Mind 70 Posted by Soulskill on Monday October 10, 2011 @10:16PM. from the give- ... He's had quadriplegia for seven years. The feat was accomplished using implanted ECoG electrodes and weeks of computer training ...
Hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia - definition of hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia by The Free Dictionaryhereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia synonyms, hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia pronunciation, hereditary amblyopia ... with quadriplegia translation, English dictionary definition of hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia. n. Dimness of vision, ... redirected from hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia). Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia. am·bly·o·pi·a. (ăm′ ... Hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia - definition of hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia by The Free Dictionary http://www ...
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Quadriplegia financial definition of quadriplegiaWhat is quadriplegia? Meaning of quadriplegia as a finance term. What does quadriplegia mean in finance? ... Definition of quadriplegia in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... redirected from quadriplegia). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to quadriplegia ... Quadriplegia financial definition of quadriplegia http://financial-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/quadriplegia. Printer ...
What are the major differences between paraplegia and quadriplegia - Answers on HealthTapElson on what are the major differences between paraplegia and quadriplegia: Paraplegia is paralysis of the legs (no movement ... What Are The Major Differences Between Paraplegia And Quadriplegia ... or feeling). Tetraplegia (quadriplegia is an older term) is paralysis of the arms and the legs. In both, a person has also lost ... Quadriplegia (Definition) Quadriplegia, is paralysis caused by illness or injury to a human that results in the partial or ...
Quadriplegia and Paraplegia | Lawnwood Medical Center & Heart Institute | Fort Pierce, FLLearn more about Quadriplegia and Paraplegia at Lawnwood Medical Center & Heart Institute DefinitionCausesRisk ... Quadriplegia and paraplegia are most often caused by spinal cord injuries. But, they can also be caused by diseases, such as:. ... Whether it is paraplegia or quadriplegia depends on the location along the spine where the injury occurs:. *Paraplegia-damage ... Factors that may increase your chance of quadriplegia and paraplegia include:. *Jobs or sports activities that increase your ...
Kinematic modeling of head-neck movements - IEEE Journals & MagazineThe motivation comes from our study of individuals with quadriplegia an ...
California Workers Comp Quadriplegia Tetraplegia Attorney | The Turley & Mara Law Firm, APLCCalifornia Workers Compensation Quadriplegia Attorney I Tetraplegia Lawyer I 619-234-2833. Best Rated San Diego Workers ...
Robust Intelligent Keyboard for Quadraplegic Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govQuadriplegia. Paralysis. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Signs and Symptoms. ClinicalTrials.gov processed ...
Repositorio da Producao Cientifica e Intelectual da Unicamp: Response of the arterial blood pressure of quadriplegic patients...Quadriplegia. Treadmill gait. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Body weight support. Blood pressure. Orthostatic ...
Man with quadriplegia employs injury bridging technologies to move again-just by thinking... March 28, 2017. ... Kochevar, who was paralyzed below his shoulders in a bicycling accident, is believed to be the first person with quadriplegia ... When asked, people with quadriplegia say their first priority is to scratch an itch, feed themselves or perform other simple ...
Quadriplegia and Paraplegia | Regional Medical CenterLearn more about Quadriplegia and Paraplegia at Regional Medical Center of San Jose DefinitionCausesRisk ... Quadriplegia and paraplegia are most often caused by spinal cord injuries. But, they can also be caused by diseases, such as:. ... Whether it is paraplegia or quadriplegia depends on the location along the spine where the injury occurs:. *Paraplegia-damage ... Factors that may increase your chance of quadriplegia and paraplegia include:. *Jobs or sports activities that increase your ...
Autonomic dysreflexia and quadriplegia- patient question | allnursesAutonomic dysreflexia and quadriplegia- patient question by alexisbmosley Views: 4,604 Comments: 6 ...
Upper-limb surgery in tetraplegia: Upper-limb surgery in tetraplegia includes a number of surgical interventions that can help improve the quality of life of a patient with tetraplegia.Gross Motor Function Classification System: The Gross Motor Function Classification System or GMFCS is a 5 level clinical classification system that describes the gross motor function of people with cerebral palsy on the basis of self-initiated movement abilities. Particular emphasis in creating and maintaining the GMFCS scale rests on evaluating sitting, walking, and wheeled mobility.Rehabilitation in spinal cord injury: When treating a person with a spinal cord injury, repairing the damage created by injury is the ultimate goal. By using a variety of treatments, greater improvements are achieved, and, therefore, treatment should not be limited to one method.List of people with paraplegia: This is a list of people who have or had paraplegia.Cervical fractureAlternating hemiplegia of childhood: Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disorder of uncertain etiology, though growing evidence strongly supports mutation of the ATP1A3 gene as the primary cause of this disease.2.
(1/745) Disabling injuries of the cervical spine in Argentine rugby over the last 20 years.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of disabling injuries to the cervical spine in rugby in Argentina. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases reported to the Medical Committee of the Argentine Rugby Union (UAR) and Rugby Amistad Foundation was carried out including a follow up by phone. Cumulative binomial distribution, chi 2 test, Fisher test, and comparison of proportions were used to analyse relative incidence and risk of injury by position and by phase of play (Epi Info 6, Version 6.04a). RESULTS: Eighteen cases of disabling injury to the cervical spine were recorded from 1977 to 1997 (0.9 cases per year). The forwards (14 cases) were more prone to disabling injury of the cervical spine than the backs (four cases) (p = 0.03). Hookers (9/18) were at highest risk of injury (p < 0.01). The most frequent cervical injuries occurred at the 4th, 5th, and 6th vertebrae. Seventeen of the injuries occurred during match play. Set scrums were responsible for most of the injuries (11/18) but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.44). The mean age of the injured players was 22. Tetraplegia was initially found in all cases. Physical rehabilitation has been limited to the proximal muscles of the upper limbs, except for two cases of complete recovery. One death, on the seventh day after injury, was reported. CONCLUSIONS: The forwards suffered a higher number of injuries than the backs and this difference was statistically significant. The chance of injury for hookers was statistically higher than for the rest of the players and it was particularly linked to scrummaging. However, the number of injuries incurred in scrums was not statistically different from the number incurred in other phases of play. (+info)
(2/745) Energy cost of propulsion in standard and ultralight wheelchairs in people with spinal cord injuries.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Wheelchair- and subject-related factors influence the efficiency of wheelchair propulsion. The purpose of this study was to compare wheelchair propulsion in ultralight and standard wheelchairs in people with different levels of spinal cord injury. SUBJECTS: Seventy-four subjects (mean age=26.2 years, SD=7.14, range=17-50) with spinal cord injury resulting in motor loss (30 with tetraplegia and 44 with paraplegia) were studied. METHOD: Each subject propelled standard and ultralight wheelchairs around an outdoor track at self-selected speeds, while data were collected at 4 predetermined intervals. Speed, distance traveled, and oxygen cost (VO2 mL/kg/m) were compared by wheelchair, group, and over time, using a Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: In the ultralight wheelchair, speed and distance traveled were greater for both subjects with paraplegia and subjects with tetraplegia, whereas VO2 was less only for subjects with paraplegia. Subjects with paraplegia propelled faster and farther than did subjects with tetraplegia. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The ultralight wheelchair improved the efficiency of propulsion in the tested subjects. Subjects with tetraplegia, especially at the C6 level, are limited in their ability to propel a wheelchair. (+info)
(3/745) Heart rate during exercise with leg vascular occlusion in spinal cord-injured humans.
Feed-forward and feedback mechanisms are both important for control of the heart rate response to muscular exercise, but their origin and relative importance remain inadequately understood. To evaluate whether humoral mechanisms are of importance, the heart rate response to electrically induced cycling was studied in participants with spinal cord injury (SCI) and compared with that elicited during volitional cycling in able-bodied persons (C). During voluntary exercise at an oxygen uptake of approximately 1 l/min, heart rate increased from 66 +/- 4 to 86 +/- 4 (SE) beats/min in seven C, and during electrically induced exercise at a similar oxygen uptake in SCI it increased from 73 +/- 3 to 110 +/- 8 beats/min. In contrast, blood pressure increased only in C (from 88 +/- 3 to 99 +/- 4 mmHg), confirming that, during exercise, blood pressure control is dominated by peripheral neural feedback mechanisms. With vascular occlusion of the legs, the exercise-induced increase in heart rate was reduced or even eliminated in the electrically stimulated SCI. For C, heart rate tended to be lower than during exercise with free circulation to the legs. Release of the cuff elevated heart rate only in SCI. These data suggest that humoral feedback is of importance for the heart rate response to exercise and especially so when influence from the central nervous system and peripheral neural feedback from the working muscles are impaired or eliminated during electrically induced exercise in individuals with SCI. (+info)
(4/745) Lower motor neuron disease with accumulation of neurofilaments in a cat.
A young cat had signs of tetraparesis that progressed to tetraplegia within a few weeks. Clinically, there was lower motor neuron disease with areflexia and muscle atrophy in all limbs. Degeneration of the motor neurons in the spinal cord was seen on histological examination. Ultrastructurally, the degeneration of nerve cells was characterized by abnormal proliferation of neurofilaments. These findings were compared to other motor neuron diseases and neurofibrillary accumulations in man and animals. (+info)
(5/745) Airway hyperresponsiveness to ultrasonically nebulized distilled water in subjects with tetraplegia.
The majority of otherwise healthy subjects with chronic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) demonstrate airway hyperresponsiveness to aerosolized methacholine or histamine. The present study was performed to determine whether ultrasonically nebulized distilled water (UNDW) induces airway hyperresponsiveness and to further elucidate potential mechanisms in this population. Fifteen subjects with SCI, nine with tetraplegia (C4-7) and six with paraplegia (T9-L1), were initially exposed to UNDW for 30 s; spirometry was performed immediately and again 2 min after exposure. The challenge continued by progressively increasing exposure time until the forced expiratory volume in 1 s decreased 20% or more from baseline (PD20) or the maximal exposure time was reached. Five subjects responding to UNDW returned for a second challenge 30 min after inhalation of aerosolized ipratropium bromide (2.5 ml of a 0.6% solution). Eight of nine subjects with tetraplegia had significant bronchoconstrictor responses to UNDW (geometric mean PD20 = 7.76 +/- 7.67 ml), whereas none with paraplegia demonstrated a response (geometric mean PD20 = 24 ml). Five of the subjects with tetraplegia who initially responded to distilled water (geometric mean PD20 = 5.99 +/- 4.47 ml) were not responsive after pretreatment with ipratropium bromide (geometric mean PD20 = 24 ml). Findings that subjects with tetraplegia are hyperreactive to UNDW, a physicochemical agent, combined with previous observations of hyperreactivity to methacholine and histamine, suggest that overall airway hyperresponsiveness in these individuals is a nonspecific phenomenon similar to that observed in patients with asthma. The ability of ipratropium bromide to completely block UNDW-induced bronchoconstriction suggests that, in part, airway hyperresponsiveness in subjects with tetraplegia represents unopposed parasympathetic activity. (+info)
(6/745) Acute quadriplegic myopathy following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for breast cancer.
Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APSCT) is increasingly used in the treatment of breast cancer. We report a patient who experienced septic shock, and after treatment with antibiotics, high-dose corticosteroids and mechanical ventilation due to respiratory insufficiency, developed quadriplegia. Electroneurophysiological examination, as well as a muscle biopsy, showed a typical picture of acute quadriplegic myopathy with loss of thick filament proteins. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of this complication following APSCT. (+info)
(7/745) Correlation of canal encroachment with neurological deficit in tuberculosis of the spine.
CT scans of fifteen patients with tuberculosis of the spine without neurological deficit were analysed for canal encroachment. We calculated that up to 76% encroachment of the spinal canal by tubercular pathological tissue is compatible with undisturbed neural status. (+info)
(8/745) The para-articular ossifications in our paraplegics and tetraplegics: a survey of 704 patients.
The X-ray examination of 704 spinal cord injured patients have showed that in 20 per cent of the cases para-articular ossifications were present most frequently in the hips. They were less frequently found in non-traumatic and incomplete cases. No other clear relationship was found. (+info)
- Boston, MA -- ( SBWIRE ) -- 07/24/2014 -- GlobalData's clinical trial report, "Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014 provides data on the Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia clinical trial scenario. (sbwire.com)
- This report provides elemental information and data relating to the clinical trials on Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia. (sbwire.com)
- The databook offers a preliminary coverage of disease clinical trials by their phase, trial status, prominence of the sponsors and also provides briefing pertaining to the number of trials for the key drugs for treating Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia. (sbwire.com)
- This type of impairment is referred to as quadriplegia or tetraplegia. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Tetraplegia ( quadriplegia is an older term) is paralysis of the arms and the legs. (healthtap.com)
- What are the causes of spastic quadriplegia? (healthtap.com)
- The authors have previously shown that conditioning of the diaphragm for continuous bilateral pacing is a feasible and effective means of ventilation in patients with complete respiratory paralysis from high cervical (above C3) quadriplegia. (biomedsearch.com)
- They rapidly progressed to fulminant GBS with complete efferent nerve dysfunction resulting in flaccid quadriplegia , total areflexia, absent brainstem reflexes and respiratory paralysis. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Since these rulings went into effect, cervical spine injuries producing permanent quadriplegia (paralysis of both arms and both legs) underwent a dramatic decrease through the mid-80's. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Quadriplegia =weakness or paralysis of all 4 limbs. (healthtap.com)
- Some disabilities, such as some types of spinal cord injuries that cause paraplegia or quadriplegia , are associated with a progressive degenerative course that truncates worklife expectancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
- What's the main difference between paraplegia and quadriplegia, if any? (healthtap.com)
- Paraplegia is often not associated with mental retardation or epilepsy , while quadriplegia is almost always associated with both. (healthtap.com)
- Whats the different between paraplegia and quadriplegia? (healthtap.com)
- Quadriplegia and paraplegia are most often caused by spinal cord injuries. (lawnwoodmed.com)
- What is the difference between quadriplegia, and hemiplegia? (healthtap.com)
- Quadriplegia means that all four of a person's limbs are not functioning at full capacity, whereas in hemiplegia , only two are affected. (healthtap.com)
- Twelve quadriplegia patients underwent bilateral phrenic nerve pacemaker placement and diaphragm conditioning from 1981 to 1987. (biomedsearch.com)
- The man - who broke his neck when he was 17 and has incomplete quadriplegia , limited control of his arms and legs and drooping eyelids and facial features - was preparing to board a flight from Sydney to Melbourne when he was told that he was medically unfit to travel. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Quadriplegia means that all four limbs are involved. (healthtap.com)
- Abstract BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to establish the prevalence of, and the factors contributing towards, sleep disordered breathing in patients with quadriplegia. (omicsonline.org)
- Sleep apnoea in patients with quadriplegia. (omicsonline.org)
- Most patients with quadriplegia were either born with brain injury or acquired it due to injury or infection. (healthtap.com)
- There are huge possibilities for disabled people, people suffering from polio, quadriplegia and those who are elderly and wheelchair-bound. (thefreedictionary.com)