### No data available that match "Q-Sort"

##### weather **sort** - spain - weatheronline

weather

http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/weather/maps/current?ART=tabelle&TYP=niederschlag&LANG=en&UP=0&WMO=08936&CONT=euro&NOREGION=1&PLZ=_____&PLNZ=_____&CEL=C&LEVEL=100&R=310&CEL=C**Sort**- Spain - WeatherOnline. Weather forecast up to 14 days including temperature, weather condition and precipitation ...##### Flashcards: Color **Sort** - blue | abcteach

Fourteen pictures (eight to a page) of things that are blue to use in a color

https://www.abcteach.com/documents/flashcards-color-sort-blue-29446**sort**activity. ...##### RE: Dynamic **sort** algorithm selection

...

http://www.perlmonks.org/index.pl?node_id=41695**sort**$subname @a; print @**sorted**; $subname = 'alpha'; @**sorted**=**sort**$subname @a; print @**sorted**; ... eval '@**sorted**=**sort**' . $subname . ' @unsorted';. But that's icky, so try not to do that. ... in reply to Dynamic**sort**algorithm selection. This does actually work the way you expected, set up some subs with known names, ... sub ascii {$a cmp $b} sub alpha {lc($a) cmp lc($b)} @a = qw(a A b B D d c C); $subname = 'ascii'; @**sorted**= ...##### RE: Dynamic **sort** algorithm selection

You can pass

http://www.perlmonks.org/index.pl?node_id=41698**sort**a reference to a subroutine. This is safer and cleaner and faster than using the name of the sub. my $sortref ... in reply to Dynamic**sort**algorithm selection. That should work just fine as you have it (and has worked that way as far back as ... 5.004, at least). You can have the name of the subroutine in the scalar passed to**sort**. Not only that, but you can go one ...##### Re: [PATCH v3] tag: support --**sort**=

... Junio C Hamano Tue, 25 Feb 2014 09:43:44 -0800 ...

https://www.mail-archive.com/git@vger.kernel.org/msg44289.html##### **Sorting** out the Eagles' concerns

... Updated: August 31, 2010 - 10:19 AM EDT * ...

http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/moving_the_chains/Sorting_out_the_Eagles_concerns.html##### SparkNotes: Insertion **Sort**: The Insertion **Sort** Algorithm

... s Insertion

http://www.sparknotes.com/cs/sorting/insert/section1/**Sort**. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Insertion**Sort**and what it means. Perfect ... A summary of The Insertion**Sort**Algorithm in ' ... The best case for insertion**sort**is on a**sorted**list where it ... Home → SparkNotes → Computer Science Study Guides → Insertion**Sort**→ The Insertion**Sort**Algorithm ... That is, the first element will already be**sorted**, the first two will already be**sorted**, the first three, and so on. In this ...##### Tutor] **sorting** algorithm

But if the list is partially

https://mail.python.org/pipermail/tutor/2010-March/074989.html**sorted**, ,, your present scheme will end sooner. And if it's fully**sorted**, it'll ,, only take one ... while**sort**_(list_) is True: ,,,**sort**_(list_) ,,, ,,, I found this to be a great exercise. In doing the exercise, I got ,,, ... might not have wanted to use the built-in**sort**. The best one is for ,, educational purposes. I've done my own**sort**for various ... In a bubble**sort**, if you double the size of ,, the array, you quadruple the number of comparisons and swaps. It's ,, order N- ...##### Sunday Morning Talk Show Thread...(**sort** of)

... ROCKLOBSTER Posted on 02/03/2013 8:13:28 AM PST by ROCKLOBSTER ...

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2984880/posts?page=16##### GNU Coreutils '**sort**' Text Utility Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

... Solution:. Updates are available. Please see the references ...

https://www.securityfocus.com/bid/57492/solution##### **Sorting** Algorithm Breaks Giga-**sort** Barrier - Slashdot

Although GPUs are often assumed to be poorly suited for algorithms like

https://developers.slashdot.org/submission/1320188/sorting-algorithm-breaks-giga-sort-barrier?sdsrc=rel**sorting**, their results are several times faster than ... Researchers at the University of Virginia have recently open sourced an algorithm capable of**sorting**at a rate of one billion ( ... Submission + -**Sorting**Algorithm Breaks Giga-**sort**Barrier (google.com) 2 Submitted by Anonymous Coward on Sunday August 29, ... Although GPUs are often assumed to be poorly suited for algorithms like**sorting**, their results are several times faster than ...##### Simulating cellular **sorting** processes

... 07.03.2017. A plant or an animal cell uses numerous processes to

http://www.innovations-report.com/html/reports/life-sciences/simulating-cellular-sorting-processes.html**sort**and assemble tiny ... To make it slightly more complicated, one could initially**sort**the bricks by their color and then build objects that are either ... Publication: Kang Han, Dennis Go, Thomas Tigges, Khosrow Rahimi, Alexander J. C. Kuehne, Andreas Walther, "Social Self-**Sorting**... This way, the microgels can self-**sort**, self-assemble and disassemble at the push of a button. ...##### Buffered Scrolling Grid example and **sort** bug

If I click on the Name column header to

https://www.sencha.com/forum/showthread.php?179809-Buffered-Scrolling-Grid-example-and-sort-bug&p=730887&viewfull=1**sort**the names: instead of getting '1 Tommy White' in the first row, I get '37 Tommy ... Filtering and**Sorting**are supported in 4.1.0RC1. But only in remote mode. Filtering or**sorting**the local 20, 30 or so rows of a ...**Sorting**/filtering buffered local data grid of 5,000 rows Here's a working example of**sorting**/filtering buffered local data in a ... it may be best to let the cache of the store manage this and let the server do the work of**sorting**/filtering. If the**sort**or ...##### **Sorting** algorithm - Wikipedia

Comb sortEdit. Main article: Comb

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sorting_algorithm**sort**. Comb**sort**is a relatively simple**sorting**algorithm based on bubble**sort**and originally ... Selection sortEdit. Main article: Selection**sort**. Selection**sort**is an in-place comparison**sort**. It has O(n2) complexity, ... Merge sortEdit. Main article: Merge**sort**. Merge**sort**takes advantage of the ease of merging already**sorted**lists into a new ... Radix sortEdit. Main article: Radix**sort**. Radix**sort**is an algorithm that**sorts**numbers by processing individual digits. n ...##### Patent US5878410 - File system **sort** order indexes - Google Patents

A view index of files

http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US5878410**sorted**by at least one property common to those files is provided. The view index may be synchronously or ... A system and method for returning a**sorted**result set of information corresponding to files in a file system that have ...**Sorting**apparatus and method. US20090216721 *. 26 Sep 2008. 27 Aug 2009. Pfu Limited. Image file**sorting**method, image file ... Lastly, the third field 56A1 in the triplet is a**sort**indicator, indicating whether the properties in the column are**sorted**in ...##### public data **sorted** by sau - Google Sheets

Quotes are not sourced from all markets and may be delayed up to 20 minutes. Information is provided 'as is' and solely for informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice.Disclaimer ...

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1KfanqrN5QBWrR4LSYgzKDb8oi_V0fLByy6ff5h5rTVM/edit?ref=inline##### **Sorting** out truth from the spin

Herewith, an effort to

http://www.tampabay.com/incoming/sorting-out-truth-from-the-spin/2187379**sort**out some often-repeated claims:. Q: Doesn't the decision apply to only a few forms of contraception ... Q: Won't the ruling allow religious claims for exemption from all**sorts**of other laws? ...##### **Sorting** out stroking sensations | EurekAlert! Science News

**sorting**-out-stroking-sensations Breaking News. * AI 'scientist' finds that toothpaste ingredient may help fight drug-resistant ...

**Sorting**out stroking sensations. California Institute of Technology. Journal. Nature. Funder. National Institutes of Health, ...

**Sorting**out stroking sensations Caltech biologists find individual neurons in the skin that react to massage ...

##### Re: New **sort**(1) feature -- **sort** by length

... , Eric Blake, 2009/07/17. *RE: New

http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-coreutils/2009-07/msg00148.html**sort**(1) feature --**sort**by length, Ethan Baldridge ... Re: New**sort**(1) feature --**sort**by length, Jim Meyering, 2009/07/24. *Re: New**sort**(1) feature --**sort**by length, Pádraig Brady ... Re: New**sort**(1) feature --**sort**by length, Pádraig Brady, 2009/07/17. *RE: New**sort**(1) feature --**sort**by length, Ethan ... Re: New**sort**(1) feature --**sort**by length, Ethan Baldridge ,= *[PATCH] doc: add a**sort**by line length example to**sort**info, ...##### Patent US6587203 - **Sort** stream stabilizer for flow cytometer - Google Patents

The flow cytometer operator determines the population to be

http://www.google.com/patents/US6587203?dq=7,682,496**sorted**during analysis by setting a user-defined**sort**region ... Apparatus, methods and processes for**sorting**particles and for providing sex-**sorted**animal sperm. ... Apparatus, methods and processes for**sorting**particles and for providing sex-**sorted**animal sperm. ... is stable and producing a stable**sort**stream. As used herein, a stable**sort**stream is one whose droplet break-off point, ...##### Company spotlight: **Sorted** - InternetRetailing

**Sorted**[IRDX

**SORT**] is a delivery technology company based in Manchester. There's a growing space between what customers expect ... The company asked

**Sorted**to help it to come up with a solution to improve its international returns process. Previously, once ...

**Sorted**software provides the retailer with access to a number of return carrier partners, whilst also providing a wealth of ... Customers:

**Sorted**Group have a growing client base of some of the biggest names in retail including Missguided, Lush and ...

##### Re: Algorithm Pop Quiz: **Sorting**

in reply to Algorithm Pop Quiz:

http://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=154260**Sorting**. Okay, here's my solution and it's -- horror of horrors -- a classic bubble**sort**. Since ... Everyone seemed to do the same**sort**of modified bubble**sort**, but they're more efficient than mine being self-contained and not ...**Sort**whatever's on the stack. # Yes, this is a bubble**sort**. Get over it. # Inputs: Stack depth on top of the stack # Outputs: ... I had already implemented PEEK and REPLACE (for other things I needed) writing a simple bubble**sort**wasn't too much of a bother ...##### snail invasion of a different **sort**

They've got the right shape, you can

http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/aquariumforum/showthread.php?t=110505&p=1134814**sort**of make out the stripe, and if they were anything else that would mean there are ... which I find**sort**of funny. What do you think? Assassins, or something else? ...##### **Sorting** water molecules

... (Nanowerk News) Not all water is equal at least not at the molecular level. There are two versions of ...

https://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology-news/newsid=37413.php##### Pumpkin **Sorting**: Line Up the Pumpkins By Size

We did a little pumpkin

http://www.pbs.org/parents/adventures-in-learning/2015/10/pumpkin-sorting-size/**sorting**to line up the pumpkins by size. ... Tips for pumpkin**sorting**:. I honestly thought this pumpkin ... It took a lot of finesse to get the line of pumpkins**sorted**just right from shortest to tallest, but they eventually got there. ... What you need to do pumpkin**sorting**:. *Pumpkins of various sizes. ... With my preschooler's help, he successfully counted that we had**sorted**12 pumpkins in our line. ...### No data available that match "Q-Sort"

(1/18)

**Exploring attitudes: the case for Q methodology.**

Attitudes are often referred to, researched and considered in the discipline of health education and health promotion. This paper highlights Q methodology as an appropriate and relevant means of exploring and studying attitudes within this field. It begins by discussing the difficulties in defining attitude and the problems inherent in attitude measurement. A brief history of Q methodology is given, followed by an explanation of what Q methodology is and the processes involved. This paper argues the case for the use of Q methodology when studying attitudes and justifies why Q methodology should particularly be selected in the study of attitudes within the health field. There are many reasons for this assertion which are explored throughout the paper. The principle one is that Q methodology is a more robust technique, than alternative methods, for the measurement of attitudes and subjective opinion. This paper concludes by proposing that Q methodology is taken up by researchers within health education and health promotion who are concerned with exploring attitudes and subjective opinion. (+info)

(2/18)

**Assessing adolescent personality pathology.**

BACKGROUND: Personality pathology constitutes a major form of psychopathology in adolescents. AIMS: To examine the reliability and validity of a Q-sort instrument for assessing adolescent personality pathology designed for clinically experienced informants. METHOD: A sample of 294 randomly selected psychiatrists and psychologists each provided data on a current patient, aged 14-18 years. Clinicians completed several measures, including the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure for Adolescents (SWAP-200-A). RESULTS: Factor analysis identified II dimensions of adolescent personality: psychopathology/malignant narcissism, dysphoria/inhibition, psychological health, histrionic sexualisation, schizotypy, sexual conflict, emotional dysregulation, anxious obsessionality, peer rejection, delinquent behaviour and attentional dysregulation. These correlated in predicted ways with a range of criterion variables, including measures of adaptive functioning, Axis II pathology, the Five Factor Model and the Child Behavior Checklist. CONCLUSIONS: The SWAP-200-A shows promise as an instrument for assessing personality pathology in adolescents. Trait dimensions such as delinquent behaviour and emotional dysregulation may prove useful additions to a classification of personality. (+info)

(3/18)

**Behavioral control and resiliency in the onset of alcohol and illicit drug use: a prospective study from preschool to adolescence.**

The developmental trajectories of behavioral control and resiliency from early childhood to adolescence and their effects on early onset of substance use were examined. Behavioral control is the tendency to express or contain one's impulses and behaviors. Resiliency is the ability to adapt flexibly one's characteristic level of control in response to the environment. Study participants were 514 children of alcoholics and matched controls from a longitudinal community sample (Time 1 age in years: M=4.32, SD=0.89). Children with slower rates of increase in behavioral control were more likely to use alcohol and other drugs in adolescence. Children with higher initial levels of resiliency were less likely to begin using alcohol. (+info)

(4/18)

**The relation of attachment security to adolescents' paternal and peer relationships, depression, and externalizing behavior.**

The relation of attachment security to multiple domains of psychosocial functioning was examined in a community sample of 167 early adolescents. Security of attachment organization, assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview, was linked to success in establishing autonomy while maintaining a sense of relatedness both with fathers and with peers, even after accounting for predictions from qualities of the mother-teen relationship. Growth curve analyses revealed links of insecurity to increasing patterns of externalizing behavior and higher and stable patterns of depressive symptoms across adolescence. Implications for a developing theory of the connections of the attachment system to multiple domains of functioning in adolescence are discussed. (+info)

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**Lifestyle-adjusted function: variation beyond BADL and IADL competencies.**

(+info)

(6/18)

**Personality subtypes of suicidal adults.**

(+info)

(7/18)

**Convergence of internal and external structure for the California Child Q-set.**

The language of personality traits includes single-word trait descriptors, and longer phrases or sentences. Evidence has accumulated that abstract, semantic relationships among single words have the same underlying structure as the empirical relationships when words are applied to individuals. The present study examines whether these two kinds of structure are also isomorphic for longer trait descriptors. Empirical descriptions and judgements of semantic similarity were collected among the descriptors comprising the California Child Q-set, or CCQ, and analysed with multidimensional scaling. Canonical correlation showed the solutions to be closely related to one another, and to independent sets of ratings available for the CCQ items. Informants' similarity judgements were not affected by the context in which they were made. The dominant dimensions of the solutions reproduce dimensions found previously for the single-word personality lexicon, indicating the two trait-descriptive languages to be closely parallel. (+info)

(8/18)

**Four different patterns of fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis patients: results of a Q-sort study.**

(+info)

**algorithms**- Although GPUs are often assumed to be poorly suited for algorithms like sorting, their results are several times faster than the best known CPU-based sorting implementations. (slashdot.org)
- Among the authors of early sorting algorithms around 1951 was Betty Holberton (née Snyder), who worked on ENIAC and UNIVAC . (wikipedia.org)
- algorithms not based on comparisons, such as counting sort , can have better performance. (wikipedia.org)
- consider sorting a solved problem-asymptotically optimal algorithms have been known since the mid-20th century-useful new algorithms are still being invented, with the now widely used Timsort dating to 2002, and the library sort being first published in 2006. (wikipedia.org)
- For typical serial sorting algorithms good behavior is O( n log n ), with parallel sort in O(log 2 n ), and bad behavior is O( n 2 ). (wikipedia.org)
- Comparison-based sorting algorithms need at least Ω( n log n ) comparisons for most inputs. (wikipedia.org)
- Some algorithms are either recursive or non-recursive, while others may be both (e.g., merge sort). (wikipedia.org)
- stable sorting algorithms maintain the relative order of records with equal keys (i.e., values). (wikipedia.org)
- Stable sort algorithms sort identical elements in the same order that they appear in the input. (wikipedia.org)
- Stable sorting algorithms choose one of these, according to the following rule: if two items compare as equal, like the two 5 cards, then their relative order will be preserved, so that if one came before the other in the input, it will also come before the other in the output. (wikipedia.org)
- Tournament replacement selection sorts are used to gather the initial runs for external sorting algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
- If these requirements are not met, the performance of bucket sort will be dominated by the running time of nextSort, which is typically O ( n 2 ) {\displaystyle O(n^{2})} insertion sort, making bucket sort less optimal than O ( n log ( n ) ) {\displaystyle O(n\log(n))} comparison sort algorithms like Quicksort. (wikipedia.org)
- Whether radix sort is equally efficient, less efficient or more efficient than the best comparison-based algorithms depends on the details of the assumptions made. (wikipedia.org)
- Sometimes w is presented as a constant, which would make radix sort better (for sufficiently large n) than the best comparison-based sorting algorithms, which all perform O(n log n) comparisons to sort n keys. (wikipedia.org)
- This issue has implications for different sort algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
- Some common internal sorting algorithms include: Bubble Sort Insertion Sort Quick Sort Heap Sort Radix Sort Selection sort Consider a Bubblesort, where adjacent records are swapped in order to get them into the right order, so that records appear to "bubble" up and down through the dataspace. (wikipedia.org)
- On the other hand, some algorithms handle external sorting rather better. (wikipedia.org)
- Adaptive sorting is usually performed by modifying existing sorting algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
- Comparison-based sorting algorithms have traditionally dealt with achieving an optimal bound of O(n log n) when dealing with time complexity. (wikipedia.org)
- Thus, the performance of existing sort algorithms can be improved by taking into account the existing order in the input. (wikipedia.org)
- Any comparison-based quantum sorting algorithm would take at least Ω ( n log n ) {\displaystyle \Omega (n\log n)} steps, which is already achievable by classical algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
- However, in space-bounded sorts, quantum algorithms outperform their classical counterparts. (wikipedia.org)
- It is much less efficient on large lists than more advanced algorithms such as quicksort, heapsort, or merge sort. (wikipedia.org)
- However, insertion sort provides several advantages: Simple implementation: Jon Bentley shows a three-line C version, and a five-line optimized version Efficient for (quite) small data sets, much like other quadratic sorting algorithms More efficient in practice than most other simple quadratic (i.e. (wikipedia.org)

**merge**- In computer science, merge sort (also commonly spelled mergesort) is an efficient, general-purpose, comparison-based sorting algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- Conceptually, a merge sort works as follows: Divide the unsorted list into n sublists, each containing 1 element (a list of 1 element is considered sorted). (wikipedia.org)
- Repeatedly merge sublists to produce new sorted sublists until there is only 1 sublist remaining. (wikipedia.org)
- Example C-like code using indices for top down merge sort algorithm that recursively splits the list (called runs in this example) into sublists until sublist size is 1, then merges those sublists to produce a sorted list. (wikipedia.org)
- Pseudocode for top down merge sort algorithm which recursively divides the input list into smaller sublists until the sublists are trivially sorted, and then merges the sublists while returning up the call chain. (wikipedia.org)
- function merge_sort(list m) // Base case. (wikipedia.org)
- left := merge_sort(left) right := merge_sort(right) // Then merge the now-sorted sublists. (wikipedia.org)
- while left is not empty do append first(left) to result left := rest(left) while right is not empty do append first(right) to result right := rest(right) return result Pseudocode for bottom up merge sort algorithm which uses a small fixed size array of references to nodes, where array[i] is either a reference to a list of size 2 i or 0. (wikipedia.org)
- For example, consider a bottom-up merge sort. (wikipedia.org)
- This makes merge sort, on this class of inputs, take O(n (log n)2) time. (wikipedia.org)
- A Merge sort breaks the data up into chunks, sorts the chunks by some other algorithm (maybe bubblesort or Quick sort) and then recombines the chunks two by two so that each recombined chunk is in order. (wikipedia.org)
- Patience is a Virtue: Revisiting Merge and Sort on Modern Processors. (wikipedia.org)

**insertion sort**- To determine the average efficiency of insertion sort consider the number of times that the inner loop iterates. (sparknotes.com)
- Conceptually, the above pattern is caused by the sorted sublist that is built throughout the insertion sort algorithm. (sparknotes.com)
- Because the average case identified above locally sorts each sublist there is no arrangement of the aggregate data set that is significantly worse for insertion sort. (sparknotes.com)
- In the case where the data is already sorted, insertion sort won't have to do any shifting because the local sublist will already be sorted. (sparknotes.com)
- In this case, insertion sort will iterate once through the list, and, finding no elements out of order, will not shift any of the data around. (sparknotes.com)
- Keys are placed into each subarray using insertion sort. (wikipedia.org)
- if it collides with a key already in that position, insertion sort the key into place, moving keys greater than this key to the right by one to make a space for this key. (wikipedia.org)
- If each bucket is sorted using insertion sort, the sort can be shown to run in expected linear time (where the average is taken over all possible inputs). (wikipedia.org)
- Since there are n uniformly distributed elements sorted in to n buckets the probable number of inputs in each bucket follows a binomial distribution with E ( n i ) = 1 {\displaystyle E(n_{i})=1} and hence the entire bucket sort will be O ( n ) {\displaystyle O(n)} despite the repeated use of O ( n 2 ) {\displaystyle O(n^{2})} insertion sort. (wikipedia.org)
- as each key is added to its subarray, insertion sort is used to keep that subarray sorted, resulting in the entire array being in sorted order when ProxmapSort completes. (wikipedia.org)
- A classic example of an adaptive sorting algorithm is Straight Insertion Sort. (wikipedia.org)
- Using this measure of presortedness - being relative to the number of inversions - Straight Insertion Sort takes less time to sort the closer it is to being sorted. (wikipedia.org)
- Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. (wikipedia.org)
- i.e., can sort a list as it receives it When people manually sort cards in a bridge hand, most use a method that is similar to insertion sort. (wikipedia.org)
- Insertion sort iterates, consuming one input element each repetition, and growing a sorted output list. (wikipedia.org)
- At each iteration, insertion sort removes one element from the input data, finds the location it belongs within the sorted list, and inserts it there. (wikipedia.org)
- The most common variant of insertion sort, which operates on arrays, can be described as follows: Suppose there exists a function called Insert designed to insert a value into a sorted sequence at the beginning of an array. (wikipedia.org)
- To perform an insertion sort, begin at the left-most element of the array and invoke Insert to insert each element encountered into its correct position. (wikipedia.org)
- It is a sorting algorithm which is similar to insertion sort, except that moving an element to its proper place is accomplished by a series of swaps, as in bubble sort. (wikipedia.org)
- With this optimization, the gnome sort would become a variant of the insertion sort. (wikipedia.org)

**radix**- It is a form of bucket and radix sort. (wikipedia.org)
- However, it is often used as a subroutine in another sorting algorithm, radix sort, that can handle larger keys more efficiently. (wikipedia.org)
- In applications such as in radix sort, a bound on the maximum key value k will be known in advance, and can be assumed to be part of the input to the algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- Because of the application to radix sorting, it is important for counting sort to be a stable sort: if two items have the same key as each other, they should have the same relative position in the output as they did in the input. (wikipedia.org)
- It is a distribution sort, a generalization of pigeonhole sort, and is a cousin of radix sort in the most-to-least significant digit flavor. (wikipedia.org)
- In computer science, radix sort is a non-comparative integer sorting algorithm that sorts data with integer keys by grouping keys by the individual digits which share the same significant position and value. (wikipedia.org)
- A positional notation is required, but because integers can represent strings of characters (e.g., names or dates) and specially formatted floating point numbers, radix sort is not limited to integers. (wikipedia.org)
- Radix sort dates back as far as 1887 to the work of Herman Hollerith on tabulating machines. (wikipedia.org)
- Two classifications of radix sorts are least significant digit (LSD) radix sorts and most significant digit (MSD) radix sorts. (wikipedia.org)
- LSD radix sorts process the integer representations starting from the least digit and move towards the most significant digit. (wikipedia.org)
- MSD radix sorts work the other way around. (wikipedia.org)
- LSD radix sorts typically use the following sorting order: short keys come before longer keys, and keys of the same length are sorted lexicographically. (wikipedia.org)
- MSD radix sorts use lexicographic order, which is suitable for sorting strings, such as words, or fixed-length integer representations. (wikipedia.org)
- Radix sort complexity is O(wn) for n keys which are integers of word size w. (wikipedia.org)
- That would seem to make radix sort at most equally efficient as the best comparison-based sorts (and worse if keys are much longer than log n). (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] A Least significant digit (LSD) Radix sort is a fast stable sorting algorithm which can be used to sort keys in integer representation order. (wikipedia.org)
- The sequence in which digits are processed by an LSD radix sort is the opposite of the sequence in which digits are processed by a most significant digit (MSD) radix sort. (wikipedia.org)
- An LSD radix sort operates in O(nw) time, where n is the number of keys, and w is the average key length. (wikipedia.org)
- This kind of performance for variable-length keys can be achieved by grouping all of the keys that have the same length together and separately performing an LSD radix sort on each group of keys for each length, from shortest to longest, in order to avoid processing the whole list of keys on every sorting pass. (wikipedia.org)
- A radix sorting algorithm was originally used to sort punched cards in several passes. (wikipedia.org)
- A computer algorithm was invented for radix sort in 1954 at MIT by Harold H. Seward. (wikipedia.org)

**implementations**- Most implementations produce a stable sort, which means that the implementation preserves the input order of equal elements in the sorted output. (wikipedia.org)
- This is the case when bead sort is implemented without a mechanism to assist in finding empty spaces below the beads, such as in software implementations. (wikipedia.org)

**Wikipedia**- https://sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cikli%C4%8Dno_sortiranje#Algoritam ^ "Cycle-Sort: A Linear Sorting Method", The Computer Journal (1990) 33 (4): 365-367. (wikipedia.org)

**bubble sort**- described was the Bubble sort algorithm. (python.org)
- Bubble sort was analyzed as early as 1956. (wikipedia.org)
- Exchange sorts include bubble sort and quicksort. (wikipedia.org)
- Comb sort improves on bubble sort. (wikipedia.org)
- The basic idea is to eliminate turtles, or small values near the end of the list, since in a bubble sort these slow the sorting down tremendously. (wikipedia.org)
- Rabbits, large values around the beginning of the list, do not pose a problem in bubble sort. (wikipedia.org)
- In bubble sort, when any two elements are compared, they always have a gap (distance from each other) of 1. (wikipedia.org)
- see below) and one pass of the aforementioned modified bubble sort is applied with that gap. (wikipedia.org)
- The final stage of the sort is thus equivalent to a bubble sort, but by this time most turtles have been dealt with, so a bubble sort will be efficient. (wikipedia.org)
- end if i := i + 1 end loop end loop end function Bubble sort, a generally slower algorithm, is the basis of comb sort. (wikipedia.org)
- Cocktail sort, or bidirectional bubble sort, is a variation of bubble sort that also addresses the problem of turtles, albeit less effectively. (wikipedia.org)

**2000**- Romain Sort is a French rugby league player who represented his country in the 2000 World Cup. (wikipedia.org)

**Optimal**- Optimal parallel sorting is O(log n ). (wikipedia.org)
- Cycle sort is an in-place, unstable sorting algorithm, a comparison sort that is theoretically optimal in terms of the total number of writes to the original array, unlike any other in-place sorting algorithm. (wikipedia.org)

**heapsort**- Selection sorts include shaker sort and heapsort. (wikipedia.org)
- Tournament sort is a variation of heapsort. (wikipedia.org)

**integer**- Researchers at the University of Virginia have recently open sourced an algorithm capable of sorting at a rate of one billion (integer) keys per second using a GPU. (slashdot.org)
- that is, it is an integer sorting algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- In the most general case, the input to counting sort consists of a collection of n items, each of which has a non-negative integer key whose maximum value is at most k. (wikipedia.org)
- This is possible because the key for a bead sort is always a positive integer and bead sort exploits its structure. (wikipedia.org)

**adaptive**- A sorting algorithm falls into the adaptive sort family if it takes advantage of existing order in its input. (wikipedia.org)
- Adaptive sort takes advantage of the existing order of the input to try to achieve better times, so that the time taken by the algorithm to sort is a smoothly growing function of the size of the sequence and the disorder in the sequence. (wikipedia.org)

**typically**- For expedience, the user typically desires the results of the query to be sorted in some fashion by the query engine, particularly when querying across a large set of documents. (google.co.uk)
- The Postman's sort is a variant of bucket sort that takes advantage of a hierarchical structure of elements, typically described by a set of attributes. (wikipedia.org)
- Sorting is typically done in-place, by iterating up the array, growing the sorted list behind it. (wikipedia.org)

**Shellsort**- The pattern of repeated sorting passes with decreasing gaps is similar to Shellsort, but in Shellsort the array is sorted completely each pass before going on to the next-smallest gap. (wikipedia.org)

**Efficient**- For problem instances in which the maximum key value is significantly smaller than the number of items, counting sort can be highly space-efficient, as the only storage it uses other than its input and output arrays is the Count array which uses space O(k). (wikipedia.org)

**implementation**- The following is an implementation of tournament sort in Haskell, based on Scheme code by Stepanov and Kershenbaum. (wikipedia.org)
- however, the implementation of this algorithm tends to be significantly slower in software and can only be used to sort lists of positive integers. (wikipedia.org)
- The following Python implementation performs cycle sort on an array, counting the number of writes to that array that were needed to sort it. (wikipedia.org)

**recursively**- Each bucket is then sorted individually, either using a different sorting algorithm, or by recursively applying the bucket sorting algorithm. (wikipedia.org)

**stable sort**- An example of stable sort on playing cards. (wikipedia.org)
- When the cards are sorted by rank with a stable sort, the two 5s must remain in the same order in the sorted output that they were originally in. (wikipedia.org)
- When they are sorted with a non-stable sort, the 5s may end up in the opposite order in the sorted output. (wikipedia.org)
- i.e., this is a stable sort. (wikipedia.org)

**operates**- The most common variant of bucket sort operates on a list of n numeric inputs between zero and some maximum value M and divides the value range into n buckets each of size M/n. (wikipedia.org)

**proxMap**- ProxmapSort, or Proxmap sort, is a sorting algorithm that works by partitioning an array of data items, or keys, into a number of "subarrays" (termed buckets, in similar sorts). (wikipedia.org)
- ProxmapSearch uses the proxMap array generated by a previously done ProxmapSort to find keys in the sorted array A2 in constant time. (wikipedia.org)
- ProxmapSort differs from bucket sorts in its use of the map key to place the data approximately where it belongs in sorted order, producing a "proxmap" - a proximity mapping - of the keys. (wikipedia.org)

**strings**- different functions can be used to translate the range of elements in A to subarrays, such as converting the letters A-Z to 0-25 or returning the first character (0-255) for sorting strings. (wikipedia.org)

**improves**- It improves upon the naive selection sort by using a priority queue to find the next element in the sort. (wikipedia.org)

**list**- It takes one iteration to build a sorted sublist of length 1, 2 iterations to build a sorted sublist of length two and finally n-1 iterations to build the final list. (sparknotes.com)
- In computer science , a sorting algorithm is an algorithm that puts elements of a list in a certain order . (wikipedia.org)
- This allows the possibility of multiple different correctly sorted versions of the original list. (wikipedia.org)
- it would not suffice to return only a sorted list of the key digits, separated from the items. (wikipedia.org)
- Then the gap is divided by the shrink factor again, the list is sorted with this new gap, and the process repeats until the gap is 1. (wikipedia.org)
- At this point, comb sort continues using a gap of 1 until the list is fully sorted. (wikipedia.org)
- This will be the sorted list. (wikipedia.org)
- A list of zero or one elements is sorted, by definition. (wikipedia.org)
- At each array-position, it checks the value there against the largest value in the sorted list (which happens to be next to it, in the previous array-position checked). (wikipedia.org)
- If smaller, it finds the correct position within the sorted list, shifts all the larger values up to make a space, and inserts into that correct position. (wikipedia.org)
- The average, or expected, running time is O(n2), but tends towards O(n) if the list is initially almost sorted. (wikipedia.org)
- The "current position" is highlighted in bold: The gnome sort may be optimized by introducing a variable to store the position before traversing back toward the beginning of the list. (wikipedia.org)
- 25 Adding up the beads in each column after turning the initial sums into the new rows gives the backwards 26 version of the sorted list, which is then turned around using list slicing. (wikipedia.org)
- To illustrate the idea of cycle sort, consider a list with distinct elements. (wikipedia.org)
- Given an element a, we can find the index at which it will occur in the sorted list by simply counting the number of elements in the entire list that are smaller than a. (wikipedia.org)
- Repeating this process for every element sorts the list, with a single writing operation if and only if an element is not already at its correct position. (wikipedia.org)

**histogram**- Another variant of bucket sort known as histogram sort or counting sort adds an initial pass that counts the number of elements that will fall into each bucket using a count array. (wikipedia.org)
- Before the sort, create a histogram, sorted by hash, counting the number of occurrences of each hash in the array. (wikipedia.org)

**subarray**- The name is short for computing a "proximity map," which indicates for each key K the beginning of a subarray where K will reside in the final sorted order. (wikipedia.org)
- Subarrays are sorted as the data comes in, not after all data has been placed into the subarray, as is typical in bucket sorting. (wikipedia.org)

**pigeonhole**- Like the Pigeonhole sort, bead sort is unusual in that in worst case it can perform faster than O(n log n), the fastest performance possible for a comparison sort in worst case. (wikipedia.org)

**data**- To determine whether there are any best or worst cases for the sort, we can examine the algorithm to find data sets that would behave differently from the average case with random data. (sparknotes.com)
- The nature of the sorting algorithm does however lend itself to perform more efficiently on certain data. (sparknotes.com)
- A comparison sort examines the data only by comparing two elements with a comparison operator. (wikipedia.org)
- When sorting some kinds of data, only part of the data is examined when determining the sort order. (wikipedia.org)
- An internal sort is any data sorting process that takes place entirely within the main memory of a computer. (wikipedia.org)
- This is possible whenever the data to be sorted is small enough to all be held in the main memory. (wikipedia.org)
- For sorting larger datasets, it may be necessary to hold only a chunk of data in memory at a time, since it won't all fit. (wikipedia.org)
- This approach minimises the number or reads and writes of data-chunks from disk, and is a popular external sort method. (wikipedia.org)

**comparisons**- Bucket sort can be implemented with comparisons and therefore can also be considered a comparison sort algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- In a sorting algorithm the first comparisons made satisfies the randomness condition, but as the sort progresses the keys compared are clearly not randomly chosen anymore. (wikipedia.org)

**1980**- In 1980 Recommended Records released a limited edition of Sort Of on LP, and the album was reissued on CD by Blueprint Records in 1999 with one bonus track. (wikipedia.org)
- Comb sort is a relatively simple sorting algorithm originally designed by Włodzimierz Dobosiewicz in 1980. (wikipedia.org)
- They went on to release Under en sort sol in 1980, a more experimental album, influenced in part by Joy Division, Pere Ubu and Television. (wikipedia.org)

**individually**- It is based on the idea that the permutation to be sorted can be factored into cycles, which can individually be rotated to give a sorted result. (wikipedia.org)

**passes**- Comb sort's passes do not completely sort the elements. (wikipedia.org)

**buckets**- Bucket sort, or bin sort, is a sorting algorithm that works by distributing the elements of an array into a number of buckets. (wikipedia.org)
- buckets[n-Here array is the array to be sorted and n is the number of buckets to use. (wikipedia.org)
- Note that for bucket sort to be O ( n ) {\displaystyle O(n)} on average, the number of buckets n must be equal to the length of the array being sorted, and the input array must be uniformly distributed across the range of possible bucket values. (wikipedia.org)
- Since keys are not compared against each other, sorting time is O(cn), where c depends on the size of the key and number of buckets. (wikipedia.org)

**subroutine**- You can have the name of the subroutine in the scalar passed to sort. (perlmonks.org)
- You can pass sort a reference to a subroutine. (perlmonks.org)

**however**- however, compared to counting sort, bucket sort requires linked lists, dynamic arrays or a large amount of preallocated memory to hold the sets of items within each bucket, whereas counting sort instead stores a single number (the count of items) per bucket. (wikipedia.org)

**order**- If it is desired that the result set be sorted, the process is even lengthier unless the documents are tested in an order that coincidentally matches the sort order (e.g., in alphabetical order). (google.co.uk)
- The first pass will compare pairs of random keys, but the last pass will compare keys that are very close in the sorting order. (wikipedia.org)
- If we then allow the beads to fall, the rows now represent the same integers in sorted order. (wikipedia.org)
- The array ends up sorted in the order of the hashes, so choosing a hash function that gives you the right ordering is important. (wikipedia.org)

**merges**- Tournament sorts may also be used in N-way merges. (wikipedia.org)

**input**- In some descriptions of counting sort, the input to be sorted is assumed to be more simply a sequence of integers itself, but this simplification does not accommodate many applications of counting sort. (wikipedia.org)
- This performance degradation is avoided in the original bucket sort algorithm by assuming that the input is generated by a random process that distributes elements uniformly over the interval [0,1). (wikipedia.org)
- It benefits from the presortedness in the input sequence - or a limited amount of disorder for various definitions of measures of disorder - and sorts faster. (wikipedia.org)
- In other words, the more presorted the input is, the faster it should be sorted. (wikipedia.org)
- In this sorting algorithm, we scan the input from left to right, repeatedly finding the position of the current item, and insert it into an array of previously sorted items. (wikipedia.org)

**Function**- The function has the side effect of overwriting the value stored immediately after the sorted sequence in the array. (wikipedia.org)

**example**- For example, in the card sorting example to the right, the cards are being sorted by their rank, and their suit is being ignored. (wikipedia.org)
- an example of how to extend sort. (gnu.org)
- Bead sort can be implemented with four general levels of complexity, among others: O(1): The beads are all moved simultaneously in the same time unit, as would be the case with the simple physical example above. (wikipedia.org)

**displaystyle**- Once a ProxmapSort is complete, ProxmapSearch can be used to find keys in the sorted array in O ( 1 ) {\displaystyle O(1)} time if the keys were well distributed during the sort. (wikipedia.org)

**array**- Let i be an index of A. Sort A's keys into array A2 of equal size. (wikipedia.org)
- add in new key } } Here A is the array to be sorted and the mapKey functions determines the number of subarrays to use. (wikipedia.org)
- Because counting sort uses key values as indexes into an array, it is not a comparison sort, and the Ω(n log n) lower bound for comparison sorting does not apply to it. (wikipedia.org)
- Finally, it loops over the items again, moving each item into its sorted position in the output array. (wikipedia.org)
- until whole array is sorted. (wikipedia.org)
- The resulting array after k iterations has the property where the first k + 1 entries are sorted ("+1" because the first entry is skipped). (wikipedia.org)
- Unlike nearly every other sort, items are never written elsewhere in the array simply to push them out of the way of the action. (wikipedia.org)
- Sort an array in place and return the number of writes. (wikipedia.org)

**case**- Ideal behavior for a serial sort is O( n ), but this is not possible in the average case. (wikipedia.org)
- That's fair - I find it more convenient to use sort -l in the case of sorting on the second key of a file, but a note in the docs about using awk's 'length' (which didn't occur to me at the time) would be good enough. (gnu.org)

**practice**- This is an attractive algorithm because nearly sorted sequences are common in practice. (wikipedia.org)

**element**- That is, the first element will already be sorted, the first two will already be sorted, the first three, and so on. (sparknotes.com)
- There's a small trick that if the new element being pushed into the queue is less than the last element added to the run, then the element's sort value is increased so it will be part of the next run. (wikipedia.org)
- The inner loop moves element A[i] to its correct place so that after the loop, the first i+2 elements are sorted. (wikipedia.org)

**Take**- If the results of the query comprise a large result set, the sorting process may take a substantial amount of time. (google.co.uk)

**initially**- To make it slightly more complicated, one could initially sort the bricks by their color and then build objects that are either blue, red, green or yellow. (innovations-report.com)

**keys**- If keys are "well distributed" among the subarrays, sorting occurs in linear time. (wikipedia.org)

**comprise**- Sort sol in the marsh near Tønder can occasionally comprise a formation with up to one million birds. (wikipedia.org)

**simple**- From the beginning of computing, the sorting problem has attracted a great deal of research, perhaps due to the complexity of solving it efficiently despite its simple, familiar statement. (wikipedia.org)

**runs**- A quantum sort is any sorting algorithm that runs on a quantum computer. (wikipedia.org)

**computer**- The invention relates generally to computer systems, and more particularly to a system and method for providing a sorted result set of files in a file system in response to a query. (google.co.uk)
- Bead sort, also called gravity sort, is a natural sorting algorithm, developed by Joshua J. Arulanandham, Cristian S. Calude and Michael J. Dinneen in 2002, and published in The Bulletin of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science. (wikipedia.org)

**different**- Researchers from the DWI - Leibniz Institute for Interactive Materials in Aachen and the University of Freiburg now developed a set of four different, micrometer-sized building blocks, which can self-sort and co-assemble into defined compositions and disassemble at the push of a button. (innovations-report.com)

**method**- A system and method for returning a sorted result set of information corresponding to files in a file system that have properties which match user query criteria. (google.co.uk)
- Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a system and method for rapidly providing a sorted result set of files in response to a query. (google.co.uk)