Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.United StatesCompetency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Behavioral Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).North CarolinaHealth Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Integrative Medicine: The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Self Psychology: Psychoanalytic theory focusing on interpretation of behavior in reference to self. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Terms, 1994) This elaboration of the psychoanalytic concepts of narcissism and the self, was developed by Heinz Kohut, and stresses the importance of the self-awareness of excessive needs for approval and self-gratification.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.General Practice: Patient-based medical care provided across age and gender or specialty boundaries.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.Great BritainNational Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Oman: A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Maternal-Fetal Relations: The bond or lack thereof between a pregnant woman and her FETUS.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Practice Management, Medical: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Interdisciplinary Communication: Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Evidence-Based Practice: A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.EnglandRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.JapanOccupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Public Health Surveillance: The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Practice (Psychology): Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)IndiaHealth Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Brazil
Journal of Public Health Management and PracticeThe November/December issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, focusing on the public health aspects of ... A Focus on Public Health Practice' described this theme:. By focusing on actual practice, JPHMP will facilitate the sharing on ... Journal of Public Health Management & Practice has launched its first collection, Quality Improvement, which contains two great ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.. ...
Notice to Readers: Self-Study Course: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice, Third EditionPublic Health Practice, Third Edition. The introductory self-study course, Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice ... Displaying Public Health Data, Public Health Surveillance, and Investigating an Outbreak. Continuing education credits are ... The course is designed for public health professionals at the state and local level who have, or expect to have, responsibility ... A printed copy of the course can be ordered from the Public Health Foundation at http://bookstore.phf.org, or at telephone, 877 ...
Epidemiology for Public Health Practice 3rd edition (9780763731700) - Textbooks.comBuy Epidemiology for Public Health Practice 3rd edition (9780763731700) by Robert H. Friis and Thomas A. Sellers for up to 90% ... Epidemiology for Public Health Practice Textbooks , Buy Textbooks , Medicine Textbooks , Epidemiology Textbooks. ... Related materials to Epidemiology for Public Health Practice 3rd Edition >. Infectious Diseases I Chart Size: Pocket - edition ... Now in its third edition, Epidemiology for Public Health Practice has become a favorite textbook for undergraduate and graduate ...
Articles by Robert G. Brooks : Journal of Public Health Management and PracticeAligning Public Health Financing With Essential Public Health Service Functions and National Public Health Performance ... Roles of Local Public Health Agencies Within the State Public Health System. Beitsch, Leslie M.; Grigg, Meade; Menachemi, Nir; ... state and local health department financing with the 10 essential public health service categories and national public health ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.. ...
Public Health Science and Nursing Practice: | BiggerBooksRent or buy Public Health Science and Nursing Practice: Caring for Populations - 9780803621992 ... Public Health Science and Nursing Practice: Caring for Populations. , by Savage, Christine ...
Journal of Public Health Management & Practice | September/October 2017 Vol.23 Issue 5 | NursingCenter... and Practice provides practical information applicable to the design and implementation of public health p... ... Journal of Public Health Management & Practice. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice. September/October 2017 Volume ... High Turnover Among State Health Officials/Public Health Directors: Implications for the Public's Health Paul K. Halverson DrPH ... Service Learning in Public Health: Exploring the Benefit to Host Agencies in CDC's Public Health Associate Program Corinne J. ...
Reducing Visual Health Disparities in At‐Risk Community Heal... : Journal of Public Health Management and Practice... have an impressive record of addressing health disparities through c ... Reducing Visual Health Disparities in At‐Risk Community Health Center Populations Journal of Public Health Management and ... Supporting Collaboration Between Mental Health and Public Health * Health Department Activities Regarding Nonmotorized Small‐ ... Journal of Public Health Management & Practice: November/December 2009 - Volume 15 - Issue 6 - p 529-534 ...
School of Public Health Wins National 'Promising Practice' Award for Public Health Worker Training Plans | Office of News &...School of Public Health Wins National 'Promising Practice' Award for Public Health Worker Training Plans November 4, 2013 ... will formally recognize public health educators from the University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health and Health ... At the American Public Health Association's (APHA) annual meeting in Boston this week, the federal Health Resources and ... nurses and other public health professionals. She says WMPHTC plans to become a recognized training center for community health ...
315.862.01 Public Health Informatics Certificate Practicum, 2012 4th term - Course Catalog - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of...Public Health Informatics Certificate Program with an integrated experience on the use of information technology in a health ... Public Health Informatics Certificate Practicum: Provides students in the ... 315.862.01 Public Health Informatics Certificate Practicum. Department:. Health Policy and Management Term:. 4th term. Credits: ... All Public Health Informatics Certificate requirements must be taken before or concurrently with the practicum. ...
Oxford Textbook of Zoonoses: Biology, Clinical Practice, and Public Health Control by Palmer, Stephen; Soulsby; Torgerson, Paul...1. Oxford Textbook of Zoonoses: Biology, Clinical Practice, and Public Health Control ISBN 10: 0198570023 ISBN 13: ... 3. Oxford Textbook of Zoonoses: Biology, Clinical Practice, and Public Health Control ISBN 10: 0198570023 ISBN 13: ... 2. Oxford Textbook of Zoonoses: Biology, Clinical Practice, and Public Health Control Stephen Palmer; Soulsby; Paul Torgerson; ... 4. Oxford Textbook of Zoonoses: Biology, Clinical Practice, and Public Health Control Palmer, Stephen, Soulsby, Torgerson, Pau ...
Principles and Practice of Public Health Surveillance - Lisa M. Lee; Steven M. Teutsch; Stephen B. Thacker; Michael E. St....... and use of health data. Surveillance provides information necessary for public health decision making and interventions. ... ongoing assessment of the health of a community, based on the collection, interpretation, ... You are here: Home Page , Medicine & Health , Public Health & Epidemiology , Public Health , Principles and Practice of Public ... Office of Public Health Practice. New York State Department of Health. Albany, NY. Ali Mokdad, PhD. Professor of Global Health ...
Registered Nurse Scope of Practice Laws | Public Health Law ResearchRegistered nurses (RNs) in the United States are licensed health care professionals who can perform medical exams and other ... This dataset identifies variations in state laws that govern the scope of practice for RNs. Specifically, it addresses what ... whether they are authorized to delegate medical activities to other health care professionals, what activities they can and ...
Contact Continuing Education - Continuing Education - Academics - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthPublic Health Practice & Training. Learn More. Hopkins Bloomberg Public Health Magazine. Summer Issue 2017 ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Office of International and Continuing Education. 615 N. Wolfe St., Ste. W1513 ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ...
The Dr. Lawrence Grossman Lectureship - Lectures Series - Academics - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthPublic Health Practice & Training. Learn More. Hopkins Bloomberg Public Health Magazine. Summer Issue 2017 ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ...
General Preventive Medicine Residency - Residency Programs - Academics - Johns Hopkins School of Public HealthPublic Health Practice & Training. Learn More. Home , Academics , Residency Programs , General Preventive Medicine Residency ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... The skills needed to discover and apply knowledge toward the protection of the public's health ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ...
Global Projects - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health | Culture-Quality-Collaborative (CQC) - Johns Hopkins...Public Health Practice & Training. Learn More. Hopkins Bloomberg Public Health Magazine. Summer Issue 2017 ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Home , Faculty , Global Projects - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health , Culture-Quality-Collaborative (CQC) - ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ...
About Anna BaetjerAnna Baetjer Society for Public Health Practice. * Mission Statement * About Anna Baetjer ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... After earning her doctoral degree, she joined the faculty of the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ...
A Dictionary of Public Health - John M. Last - Oxford University Press... of Public Health is an alphabetical listing of almost 5,000 words and phrases used in public health science and practice. It ... offers definitions, discussion, and an occasional brief commentary on the relevance of each term to people and their health. ... An invaluable desk reference for busy public health practitioners, The Dictionary ... You are here: Home Page , Medicine & Health , Public Health & Epidemiology , Public Health , A Dictionary of Public Health ...
Human Development and Public Services - Turning Research Into Practice: Health Reform in ChinaMuch of his recent work has been on health insurance, health financing, vulnerability and health shocks, and provider payment ... some limited reorganization and regulation of health providers; and some initiatives and extra spending for the public health ... Home , Data & Research , Research , Programs , Human Development an... , Turning Research Into Practice: Health R... ... Journal of Health Economics, 2008. 27(4): p. 990-1005.. 2. Wagstaff, A. and S. Yu, Do Health Sector Reforms Have Their Intended ...
A clinical practice guideline for treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update. A U.S. Public Health Service report. -...A clinical practice guideline for treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update. A U.S. Public Health Service report.. ... To summarize the U.S. Public Health Service guideline Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update, which provides ... Public Health Service. A consortium of eight governmental and nonprofit organizations sponsored the update. ... Clinical Practice Guideline Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence 2008 Update Panel, Liaisons, and Staff[Corporate Author]. ...
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=Clinical Practice Guideline Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence 2008 Update Panel, Liaisons, and Staff[Corporate Author]
Centers & InstitutesPublic Health Practice & Training. Learn More. Hopkins Bloomberg Public Health Magazine. Summer Issue 2017 ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ... Education and Research Center for Occupational Safety and Health, Johns Hopkins * Eliminate Cardiovascular Health Disparities, ...
Vital Signs: Recent Trends in Stroke Death Rates - United States, 2000-2015 | MMWRConclusions and Implications for Public Health Practice: Prior declines in stroke death rates have not continued in recent ... Conclusions and Implications for Public Health Practice. The unfavorable changes in declines in stroke death rates identified ... Recent trends in cardiovascular mortality in the United States and public health goals. JAMA Cardiol 2016;1:594-9. CrossRef ... CDC grand rounds: a public health approach to detect and control hypertension. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016;65:1261-4. ...
PR and Public Health... and health insurers), it can affect public health practice and research in multiple ways. To prevent misconceptions, ... Public health authorities as covered health-care providers. A public health authority that conducts health care as part of its ... Public health authorities as health-care clearinghouses. Although unlikely, a public health authority might be a health-care ... Public health authorities include federal public health agencies (e.g., CDC, National Institutes of Health [NIH], Health ...
News Releases - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD ... Our exclusive podcast about public health practice.. Listen to ... Public Affairs Media Contact for the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: Tim Parsons at 410-955-7619 or tmparson@ ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... 02/17/12 Public Health Experts to Hold International Conference on Black Health in the Western Hemisphere ...
Samet Honored by PAHO for Contributions to Smoke-Free Environments - 2007 - Stories - News - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of...Public Health:. On the Inside. Our exclusive podcast about public health practice. ... Public Affairs media contacts for the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: Tim Parsons or Kenna Lowe at 410-955- ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Protecting Health, Saving Lives-Millions at a Time ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 ...
Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health: The Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health is one of the eight colleges of Georgia Southern University, located in Statesboro, Georgia, in the United States.The Complete Stevie Wonder: The Complete Stevie Wonder is a digital compilation featuring the work of Stevie Wonder. Released a week before the physical release of A Time to Love, the set comprises almost all of Wonder's officially released material, including single mixes, extended versions, remixes, and Workout Stevie Workout, a 1963 album which was shelved and replaced by With A Song In My Heart.Local Health BoardCompanies OfficeEssence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics): Essence is the United States Department of Defense's Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Essence's goal is to monitor health data as it becomes available and discover epidemics and similar health concerns before they move out of control.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Noreen M. Clark: Noreen M. Clark was the Myron E.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.ESCAIDEHealth policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Quantico (novel): Quantico is a 2005 science fiction/thriller novel by Greg Bear. The novel concerns a group of FBI agents trying to prevent a massive bioterrorist attack.State health agency: A state health agency (SHA), or state department of health, is a department or agency of the state governments of the United States focused on public health. The state secretary of health is a constitutional or at times a statutory official in several states of the United States.Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Upsilon Phi Delta: Upsilon Phi Delta (ΥΦΔ) is the national academic honor society for students in healthcare administration in the United States. The organization was formed in 1965 to further the profession of health administration and the professional competence and dedication of its members.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Bestbets: BestBETS (Best Evidence Topic Reports) is a system designed by emergency physicians at Manchester Royal Infirmary, UK. It was conceived as a way of allowing busy clinicians to solve real clinical problems using published evidence.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Steven Zeisel: Steven H. Zeisel, M.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Global Health Delivery ProjectNational Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.Halfdan T. MahlerSchool health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine: The Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal on ayurvedic medicine. It was established in 2010.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.National Clinical Guideline CentreSociety for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}United States Public Health ServiceThe Flash ChroniclesDocument-centric collaboration: Document-centric collaboration is a new approach to working together on projects online which puts the document and its contents at the centre of the process.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.Standard evaluation frameworkPsychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Energy in Oman: Energy in Oman describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Oman. Energy policy of Oman will describe the energy policy in the politics of Oman more in detail.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Essex School of discourse analysis: The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.Poverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.Vinnytsia Institute of Economics and Social Sciences: Vinnytsia Institute of Economics and Social Sciences – structural unit of Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine” (OIUHD “Ukraina”).
(1/795) Evaluation of a national surveillance unit.
AIM: The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) facilitates national active surveillance of uncommon childhood conditions. This study assessed whether it fulfilled its objectives and satisfied criteria established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for evaluating surveillance systems. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were sent to users of the system, individual studies were reviewed, and data were collected from independent sources. RESULTS: Seven hundred and sixty six clinicians, 48 investigators, and 15 public health professionals responded to the questionnaires. Clinicians reported that the APSU was useful, 33% saying information provided by the APSU informed or changed their clinical practice. Most (88%) reported that completing monthly report cards was not a burden. Impact on policy development was limited by suboptimal dissemination of information to public health professionals. Flexibility and timeliness were limited by design. Estimated sensitivity of APSU studies ranged from 92% (congenital rubella) to 31% (drowning/near drowning). Positive predictive value of notified cases was over 70% for most studies. CONCLUSION: The APSU fulfils most of its objectives and meets CDC criteria salient to these. Ways in which the APSU could be improved have been identified, as have methodological challenges and limitations in applying CDC guidelines to this type of unit. (+info)
(2/795) Nationwide implementation of guided supermarket tours in The Netherlands: a dissemination study.
The purpose of this study was to assess adoption, implementation and maintenance of a guided supermarket tour program of nutrition education by Dutch Public Health Services (PHSs), and the factors associated with program dissemination. A first questionnaire was sent to all 60 PHSs, and measured program adoption, perceived program attributes, and characteristics of the adopting organization and person. A second questionnaire was only sent to adopting PHSs, and measured extent and success of implementation, intentions to continue the program, and characteristics of the main implementing person. Of the 59 PHSs who responded, 30 adopted the program and 17 implemented it sufficiently. Perceived program complexity, social influence within the PHS toward program participation and existence of a separate health education department were predictors of adoption. Perceived program complexity was also a predictor of extent of implementation. The number of health educators within each PHS was a predictor of sufficient implementation. It was concluded that adoption and implementation of the program was reasonable, considering the limited dissemination strategy. Dissemination might have been more successful if the program had been less complex and required less effort, if positive social influence had been generated, and if specific attention had been given to PHSs without a separate health education department. (+info)
(3/795) Assessing public health capacity to support community-based heart health promotion: the Canadian Heart Health Initiative, Ontario Project (CHHIOP).
This paper presents initial findings of the Canadian Heart Health Initiative, Ontario Project (CHHIOP). CHHIOP has two primary objectives. The programmatic objective is to coordinate and refine a system for supporting effective, sustained community-based heart health activities. This paper addresses the scientific objective: to develop knowledge of factors that influence the development of predisposition and capacity to undertake community-based heart health activities in public health departments. A systems theory framework for an ecological approach to health promotion informs the conceptualization of the key constructs, measured using a two-stage longitudinal design which combines quantitative and qualitative methods. This paper reports the results of the first round of quantitative survey data collected from all health departments in Ontario (N = 42) and individuals within each health department involved in heart health promotion (n = 262). Results indicate low levels of implementation of heart health activities, both overall and for particular risk factors and settings. Levels of capacity are also generally low, yet predisposition to undertake heart health promotion activities is reportedly high. Analyses show that implementation is positively related to capacity but not predisposition, while predisposition and capacity are positively related. Overall, results suggest predisposition is a necessary but not sufficient condition for implementation to occur; capacity-related factors appear to be the primary constraint. These findings are used to inform strategies to address CHHIOP's programmatic objective. (+info)
(4/795) Integrated management of childhood illness: a summary of first experiences.
The strategy of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) aims to reduce child mortality and morbidity in developing countries by combining improved management of common childhood illnesses with proper nutrition and immunization. The strategy includes interventions to improve the skills of health workers, the health system, and family and community practices. This article describes the experience of the first countries to adopt and implement the IMCI interventions, the clinical guidelines dealing with the major causes of morbidity and mortality in children, and the training package on these guidelines for health workers in first-level health facilities. The most relevant lessons learned and how these lessons have served as a basis for developing a broader IMCI strategy are described. (+info)
(5/795) Evaluating the public health impact of health promotion interventions: the RE-AIM framework.
Progress in public health and community-based interventions has been hampered by the lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework appropriate to such programs. Multilevel interventions that incorporate policy, environmental, and individual components should be evaluated with measurements suited to their settings, goals, and purpose. In this commentary, the authors propose a model (termed the RE-AIM model) for evaluating public health interventions that assesses 5 dimensions: reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance. These dimensions occur at multiple levels (e.g., individual, clinic or organization, community) and interact to determine the public health or population-based impact of a program or policy. The authors discuss issues in evaluating each of these dimensions and combining them to determine overall public health impact. Failure to adequately evaluate programs on all 5 dimensions can lead to a waste of resources, discontinuities between stages of research, and failure to improve public health to the limits of our capacity. The authors summarize strengths and limitations of the RE-AIM model and recommend areas for future research and application. (+info)
(6/795) Framework for program evaluation in public health.
Effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions by involving procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate. The framework guides public health professionals in their use of program evaluation. It is a practical, nonprescriptive tool, designed to summarize and organize essential elements of program evaluation. The framework comprises steps in program evaluation practice and standards for effective program evaluation. Adhering to the steps and standards of this framework will allow an understanding of each program's context and will improve how program evaluations are conceived and conducted. Furthermore, the framework encourages an approach to evaluation that is integrated with routine program operations. The emphasis is on practical, ongoing evaluation strategies that involve all program stakeholders, not just evaluation experts. Understanding and applying the elements of this framework can be a driving force for planning effective public health strategies, improving existing programs, and demonstrating the results of resource investments. (+info)
(7/795) Controlled management of public relations following a public health incident.
This paper describes the management of public relations following an outbreak of multidrug resistant TB at a London hospital. Eight patients were involved, all of the secondary cases occurred in HIV seropositive patients, and three cases died. The paper describes how the the Incident Committee undertook to recall contacts of the cases for screening, inform the general practitioners of all of the contacts about their patients' exposure, warn other organizations and professionals interested or involved in the management of HIV in the London area as to the nature of the incident, and establish a helpline, before informing a wider audience through the EPINET, Communicable Disease Report and national press. (+info)
(8/795) Evaluating computerized health information systems: hardware, software and human ware: experiences from the Northern Province, South Africa.
Despite enormous investment world-wide in computerized health information systems their overall benefits and costs have rarely been fully assessed. A major new initiative in South Africa provides the opportunity to evaluate the introduction of information technology from a global perspective and assess its impact on public health. The Northern Province is implementing a comprehensive integrated hospital information system (HIS) in all of its 42 hospitals. These include two mental health institutions, eight regional hospitals (two acting as a tertiary complex with teaching responsibilities) and 32 district hospitals. The overall goal of the HIS is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of health (and welfare) services through the creation and use of information, for clinical, administrative and monitoring purposes. This multi-site implementation is being undertaken as a single project at a cost of R130 million (which represents 2.5 per cent of the health and welfare budget on an annual basis). The implementation process commenced on 1 September 1998 with the introduction of the system into Mankweng Hospital as the pilot site and is to be completed in the year 2001. An evaluation programme has been designed to maximize the likelihood of success of the implementation phase (formative evaluation) as well as providing an overall assessment of its benefits and costs (summative evaluation). The evaluation was designed as a form of health technology assessment; the system will have to prove its worth (in terms of cost-effectiveness) relative to other interventions. This is more extensive than the traditional form of technical assessment of hardware and software functionality, and moves into assessing the day-to-day utility of the system, the clinical and managerial environment in which it is situated (humanware), and ultimately its effects on the quality of patient care and public health. In keeping with new South African legislation the evaluation process sought to involve as many stakeholders as possible at the same time as creating a methodologically rigorous study that lived within realistic resource limits. The design chosen for the summative assessment was a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 24 district hospitals will receive the HIS either early or late. This is the first attempt to carry out an RCT evaluation of a multi-site implementation of an HIS in the world. Within this design the evaluation will utilize a range of qualitative and quantitative techniques over varying time scales, each addressing specific aims of the evaluation programme. In addition, it will attempt to provide an overview of the general impact on people and organizations of introducing high-technology solutions into a relatively unprepared environment. The study should help to stimulate an evaluation culture in the health and welfare services in the Northern Province as well as building the capacity to undertake such evaluations in the future. (+info)
Research Into Practice
- Turning Research Into Practice: Health R. (worldbank.org)
- Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. (lww.com)
- Contact Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. (lww.com)
- This current issue contains examples of new types of interventions holding promise for application to future population-based practice. (lww.com)
- Surveillance provides information necessary for public health decision making and interventions. (oup.com)
- To summarize the U.S. Public Health Service guideline Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update, which provides recommendations for clinical interventions and system changes to promote the treatment of tobacco dependence. (nih.gov)
Journal of Public Health Management
- The November/December issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice , focusing on the public health aspects of communicable diseases, emphasizes new initiatives at the cutting edge of prevention, surveillance, and control. (lww.com)
- Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. (lww.com)
- Journal of Public Health Management and Practice15(6):529-534, November/December 2009. (lww.com)
- Now in its third edition, Epidemiology for Public Health Practice has become a favorite textbook for undergraduate and graduate students new to epidemiology by providing a comprehensive look at all major topics, from study designs and descriptive epidemiology, to quantitative measures and terminology. (textbooks.com)
- This briefing is related to the ongoing work of the American Optometric Association's Community Health Center Committee to improve access to eye care for medically underserved populations, in conjunction with expert contributions from a leading authority in health policy and community health center programs. (lww.com)
- Epidemiologic speculations and research findings increasingly blaze across media headlines and heighten anxiety among the public. (textbooks.com)
- An added appendix that provides a guide to the critical appraisal of an epidemiologic/public health research article. (textbooks.com)
- Using HIV surveillance data for partner services improved this important function as compared to traditional partner notification efforts by health departments. (lww.com)
- The course is designed for public health professionals at the state and local level who have, or expect to have, responsibility for outbreak investigations or public health surveillance. (cdc.gov)
- it consists of six lessons: Introduction to Epidemiology, Summarizing Data, Measures of Risk, Displaying Public Health Data, Public Health Surveillance, and Investigating an Outbreak. (cdc.gov)
- Based largely on the experiences of the CDC, this text presents an organized approach to planning, developing, and implementing public health surveillance systems. (oup.com)
- Public health surveillance is the systematic, ongoing assessment of the health of a community, based on the collection, interpretation, and use of health data. (oup.com)
- In the third edition of Principles and Practice of Public Health Surveillance, the editors present an organized approach to planning, developing, and implementing public health surveillance systems in response to the rapidly changing field of public health. (oup.com)
- Substantially revised and expanded on, this edition continues to examine further the expansion of surveillance of disease and health determinants, as well as the recent advances in data management and informatics. (oup.com)
- Major sections of the book focus on bioresponse and preparedness, risk behaviors, and environmental exposure, while the ethical considerations and policy justification for public health surveillance are also explored. (oup.com)
- Drawing largely from the experience of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other experts in the field, this book provides an excellent framework that collectively improves the surveillance foundation of public health. (oup.com)
- It will continue to serve as the standard text in the field, an invaluable resource for public health students and the desk reference for public health practitioners. (oup.com)
- An invaluable desk reference for busy public health practitioners, The Dictionary of Public Health is an alphabetical listing of almost 5,000 words and phrases used in public health science and practice. (oup.com)
- Our mission is to prepare physicians in the theoretical, practical and clinical knowledge and skills essential for careers in the design, management and evaluation of population-based approaches to health. (jhsph.edu)
- The introductory self-study course, Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice, Third Edition, is now available online. (cdc.gov)
- Distinguishing itself from other texts with its accessible writing style and immediacy of information presented, the Third Edition has been extensively revised, with updated data and statistics essential to understanding the importance of epidemiology to public health. (textbooks.com)
- Coverage of specific content areas for applications of epidemiology, including a separate chapter on environmental health, molecular and genetic epidemiology, and psychosocial epidemiology. (textbooks.com)
- He is the former Regional Epidemiologist for Wales and was appointed to the Mansel Talbot Chair in Epidemiology and Public Health at the former University of Wales College of Medicine in 1998. (abebooks.com)
- In addition to being Head of Department of Epidemiology, Statistics and Public Health at Cardiff University, in April 2003, he joined the new UK Health Protection Agency initially as the founding director of the Chemical Hazards and Poisons Division and Director of the HPA's, Local and Regional Services. (abebooks.com)
- On 1st July 2010 Professor Palmer was been appointed Cardiff University's first Archie Cochrane Chair in Epidemiology and Public Heath. (abebooks.com)
- Indeed, a recommendation is made for routine sharing of data by public health institutions and clinical care providers to target re-engaging patients who are lost to care in jurisdictions with universal HIV reporting. (lww.com)
- A clinical practice guideline for treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update. (nih.gov)
- Clinical Practice Guideline Treating Tobacco Use and Dependenc. (nih.gov)
- A commentary by John Beltrami and Erica Dunbar describes how in 2012 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention awarded 30 health departments funding to conduct high-impact non-research demonstration projects (known as Category C) that had to be consistent with the 2010-2015 National HIV/AIDS strategy. (lww.com)
- This article assesses the structure and function of local and district health agencies throughout the United States and compares the findings with those from a previous survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention a decade earlier. (lww.com)
- Community health centers (CHCs) have an impressive record of addressing health disparities through consistently delivering high-quality and affordable care in a culturally competent manner, while also producing cost savings to the nation's healthcare system. (lww.com)
- An estimated three million health center patients have risk factors for vision disorders and eye disease, yet a recent policy briefing survey conducted by The George Washington University reported that about 20 percent of centers provide on-site eye and vision care. (lww.com)
- James W. Hunt, Jr, MUA , is President and Chief Executive of the Massachusetts League of Community Health Centers, Boston. (lww.com)
- It can entail collaborating on a Poverty Assessment or a Public Expenditure Review (PER). (worldbank.org)
- The General Preventive Medicine Residency program at the Bloomberg School is a two-year training program that prepares physicians for leadership roles in public health. (jhsph.edu)
- Heffernan and others on the training center team will give a presentation at the APHA meeting, which attracts more than 13,000 physicians, nurses and other public health professionals. (umass.edu)
- Registered nurses (RNs) in the United States are licensed health care professionals who can perform medical exams and other duties, and who can supervise and delegate activities to other professionals, such as licensed practical nurses and unlicensed assistive personnel. (publichealthlawresearch.com)
- Specifically, it addresses what activities registered nurses are authorized to perform, whether they are authorized to delegate medical activities to other health care professionals, what activities they can and cannot delegate, who the RNs can delegate to, and what level of supervision is required for this delegation. (publichealthlawresearch.com)
- AMHERST, Mass. -- At the American Public Health Association's (APHA) annual meeting in Boston this week, the federal Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) will formally recognize public health educators from the University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health and Health Sciences (SPHHS) for their ground-breaking survey of public health needs in western Massachusetts and their creative plans to meet those needs. (umass.edu)
- Thus CHCs are optimally positioned to reduce visual health disparities and improve visual health outcomes by being included in the primary care services that they deliver. (lww.com)
- Remarkably, nearly all of these Category C health departments retained these enhanced activities after the federal funding ended. (lww.com)
- The article assesses the current status of quality improvement within local health departments and examines the characteristics associated with such quality improvement efforts. (lww.com)
- This article discusses the progress, pitfalls, and potential of a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach for assessing the quality improvement utilization in local health departments. (lww.com)
- It offers definitions, discussion, and an occasional brief commentary on the relevance of each term to people and their health. (oup.com)
- As JPHMP enters its 24th year of publication in 2018, the mission of this publication in bringing new advances to practice with a basis in evidence remains foremost. (lww.com)
- Provides students in the Public Health Informatics Certificate Program with an integrated experience on the use of information technology in a health sciences environment. (jhsph.edu)
- Each of these chapters have been updated for the second edition, and the book also includes new chapters on important public health topics such as interdisciplinary or policy issues as well as new chapters on emerging zoonoses such as SARS and other important emerging diseases and trends. (abebooks.com)
- Rituparna Pati, of the Spencer Cox Center for Health, Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, and colleagues report on another initiative to improve retention in care for persons with HIV . (lww.com)
- This summer, NACCHO , the de Beaumont Foundation , and the UPMC Center for Health Security are collaborating in the national release of the 2015 "Community Engagement for Public Health Emergency Preparedness" (CEPHEP) survey. (lww.com)
- Professors Stuart Chipkin and Dan Gerber, with Dawn Heffernan, director of the Western Massachusetts Public Health Training Center (WMPHTC), and several other UMass Amherst colleagues, recently received the national "Promising Practice" award from HRSA for their new 10-week, 60-hour pilot training plan and curriculum, expected to meet the requirements for the voluntary state certification program for community health workers in 2014. (umass.edu)
- She says WMPHTC plans to become a recognized training center for community health workers and has developed workshops and trainers to meet this goal. (umass.edu)
- SPHHS Dean Marjorie Aelion observes, "It's very exciting for our school and the training center to be among the elite schools of public health in the country and to be acknowledged for excellence in teaching, research and community outreach. (umass.edu)
- Providers might be encouraged to induce demand for more costly services, and patients might end up receiving care further up the provider ladder-an urban hospital instead of a rural health center. (worldbank.org)
- This is the only comprehensive dictionary of public health science and practice on the market. (oup.com)
- A printed copy of the course can be ordered from the Public Health Foundation at http://bookstore.phf.org , or at telephone, 877-252-1200 (United States) or 301-645-7773 (international). (cdc.gov)
- She was sought after as a consultant and served as an advisor to the National Research Council, the Industrial Health Foundation, the EPA, and the U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency. (jhsph.edu)
- This study describes the issues associated with addressing health disparities, improving visual health outcomes, and delivering high-quality and affordable care and comprehensive services at CHCs. (lww.com)
- Al Bashevkin, director of the Northern Berkshire Community Coalition in North Adams, says, "It would be really great if we could add health issues to our community outreach efforts, because let's face it, we do have some major health issues in our region. (umass.edu)
- They are increasingly important in public health issues. (abebooks.com)
- This book covers a unique balance of the most significant terms and phrases as well as specialized vocabulary related to the issues and trends in the multidisciplinary nature of public health. (oup.com)
- Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (cdc.gov)
- References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (cdc.gov)
- This study aims to assess the alignment of state and local health department financing with the 10 essential public health service categories and national public health performance standards. (lww.com)
- When in 2003 China's government asked the World Bank to study its rural health system and propose ideas for reforming it, the request probably seemed much like similar requests the Bank had received before, and which had resulted in two previous reports. (worldbank.org)
- You can read more about Anna Baetjer's amazing life in the fall 2001 issue of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Health Magazine . (jhsph.edu)
- Students already in degree seeking programs may use their required capstone/practicum to count towards their Informatics practicum as long as it is relevant to the field of Informatics. (jhsph.edu)
- This volume is a trusted resource for answers to questions that arise in the course of public health practice, whether in the office or in the field, in interactions with the public or with the media. (oup.com)
- Chipkin says many community outreach workers, both paid and volunteer, have little formal health care education, yet they are rich in experience helping individuals in high need/low resource communities. (umass.edu)
- Adam Wagstaff reflects below on his experience working with the East Asia Human Development (HD) group on health reform in China. (worldbank.org)
- After earning her doctoral degree, she joined the faculty of the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. (jhsph.edu)
- One thing it didn't do was to reduce the high-powered and perverse financial incentives that China's health care providers have faced since the 1980s when dwindling revenues forced local governments to allow them to earn revenues from charging patients. (worldbank.org)
- to improve community health. (lww.com)
- The UMass Amherst researchers point out that just as Massachusetts was a model for the federal Affordable Care Act, so too the Commonwealth is now a national model for addressing unmet training needs of community health workers who at present have little or no access to relevant public health education. (umass.edu)
- Fewer than 10 states now certify community health workers, says Heffernan, while Massachusetts is on the verge of identifying requirements and writing a state examination. (umass.edu)
- Promotores are community health workers in the Spanish-speaking community. (umass.edu)
- She points out, "We got this award because we have asked and continue to ask the people directly involved: 'What are the things you need to be trained effectively as a community health worker? (umass.edu)
- We want to introduce what we call core competencies for public health, most likely through a combination of online and in-class training, to transform the impact of community health workers from the individual level to the population level. (umass.edu)
- Gerber explains, "The old model used to be that community health workers were trained in categories by disease and their knowledge wasn't transferrable. (umass.edu)
- The new philosophy is, if we do this right, skills needed by a community health worker will be transferable from one case to another. (umass.edu)
- National Public Health Performance Standards: Workforce Development and Agency Effectiveness in Florida. (lww.com)
- A U.S. Public Health Service report. (nih.gov)
- An independent panel of 24 scientists and clinicians selected by the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality on behalf of the U.S. Public Health Service. (nih.gov)
- Covering all aspects of public health, this book serves as both a quick and handy reference tool and a vehicle for more leisurely browsing. (oup.com)
- All Public Health Informatics Certificate requirements must be taken before or concurrently with the practicum. (jhsph.edu)
- Students join an active work group and are supervised directly or indirectly by the practicum preceptor. (jhsph.edu)
- from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health in 1924. (jhsph.edu)
- Her interest in occupational health began with studies in the 1920s of the effects of high temperature and humidity on workers. (jhsph.edu)
- Reducing Visual Health Disparities in At‐Risk Community Heal. (lww.com)
- Pharmacy-public health collaborations of this type are reported in an article by Paul Gubbins. (lww.com)