Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Information Systems: A system for the collection and/or processing of data from various sources, and using the information for policy making and management of health services. It could be paper-based or electronic. (From,,contentMDK:22239824~menuPK:376799~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:376793,00.html. Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Information Science: The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.Bibliography of Medicine: A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.Information Management: Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Nursing Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers applied to the field of nursing.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Health Information Management: Management of the acquisition, organization, retrieval, and dissemination of health information.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Medical Informatics Applications: Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.United StatesDelivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.

*  Public health informatics - Wikipedia
... ... ... The bulk of the work of public health informatics in the United States, as with public health generally, takes place at the ... It is one of the subdomains of health informatics. Public health informatics is defined as the use of computers, clinical ...
*  Disease Surveillance: A Public Health Informatics Approach | Biostatistics | General & Introductory Statistics | Subjects |...
... and Occupational Health at McGill University. His research interests include public health informatics and surveillance systems ... He is the Director of the JHU/APL Center of Excellence in Public Health Informatics. David L. Buckeridge, MD, PhD, is Assistant ... Disease Surveillance: A Public Health Informatics Approach. Joseph S. Lombardo, David L. Buckeridge ... essential reading for those learning about public health disease surveillance and for statisticians working with public health ...
*  0 Best Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist jobs in Wichita, KS (Hiring Now!) | Simply Hired
New Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist careers in Wichita, KS are added daily on The low-stress way to ... find your next Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist job opportunity is on Simply Hired. There are over 0 Public Health ... 0 Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist jobs available in Wichita, KS. See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get ... Informatics Gis Specialist careers in Wichita, KS waiting for you to apply! ...
*  PPT - Public Health Informatics PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 7b19e-YTIxY
Health Alert Network (HAN) Epidemic Information Exchange (Epi-X) ... - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash ... PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATICS: - PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATICS: Challenges for Schools of Public Health. Ron Brookmeyer ... HEALTH ... PUBLIC HEALTH DIVISION Office of the State Public Health Director - Title: Public Health Orientation for Local Public Health ... Public Health Informatics. 1. Public Health Informatics*Rita Kukafka, DrPH, MA *Department of Biomedical Informatics, College ...
*  Health Administration Jobs in Chicago, IL - Chicago Health Administration Jobs |
Find all the information you need to land a Health Administration job in Chicago, Illinois and build a career. ... Illinois Health Administration jobs and career resources on Monster. ... PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATICS SPECIALIST City of Chicago Chicago, IL 1 day ago. ... Health Administration Jobs in Chicago, Illinois 327 Chicago, IL Health Administration jobs found on Monster. 327 jobs ...,-il.aspx
*  Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists
... which is where public health informatics comes in. Public health informatics is ultimately about transforming health-related ... public health and health care systems, planning and management to promote health, policy in public health, leadership, ... Ken Scott is an Applied Public Health Informatics Fellow at Denver Public Health. He received his PhD from the University of ... I am currently a fellow working at Denver Public Health through the Applied Public Health Informatics Fellowship (APHIF) ...
*  Evaluation of a Computer-Based System Using Cell Phones for HIV People in Peru - Full Text View -
Public Health. Public Health Informatics. Randomized. Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials. Randomized Controlled Trials. ... Health Informatics. Health behavior. Information Technology. Internet. Intervention. Medication. Patient Satisfaction. Patient ... Primary Purpose: Health Services Research. Official Title:. Evaluation of a Computer-Based System Using Cell Phones for HIV ...
*  Pyrrolizidine alkaloid - Wikipedia
Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. 5 (1): e167. PMC 3692817 . 23., ... Of concern is the health risk associated with the use of medicinal herbs that contain PAs, notably borage leaf, comfrey and ... A Potential Threat to Health". J. Agric. Food Chem. 50 (10): 2719-2730. doi:10.1021/jf0114482. "Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Food ...
*  Use of Computers to Prevent Metabolic Syndrome - Full Text View -
Center for Public Health informatics, AIPH. Recruiting. Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, India, 751002 Contact: Shruti Mehta, PGDHHM ... Further study details as provided by Ashish Joshi, Asian Institute of Public Health:. Primary Outcome Measures: *Frequency of ... Despite the clinical and public health importance of this phenomenon, not enough work has been carried out so far to study and ... Ashish Joshi, Assistant Professor, Asian Institute of Public Health. Identifier:. NCT01713465 History of ...
*  Medical identification tag - Wikipedia
Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. 4 (1). doi:10.5210/ojphi.v4i1.4011. ISSN 1947-2579. Retrieved 8 October 2017. ... "A Review of Automatic Patient Identification Options for Public Health Care Centers with Restricted Budgets". ... Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 620. ISBN 1416066837. Retrieved 8 October 2017. Venes, Donald (2017). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical ... Where applicable and provided, the wearer's national health service user number can enable access to a more detailed case ...
*  Practical Predictive Analytics and Decisioning Systems for Medicine - 1st Edition
Consumer Health Kiosks. *Patient Monitoring Systems. *Public Health Informatics. *Medical Imaging. *Clinical Research ... Health Start-Ups and Established Technology Firms Contributing to Health Care. *Technology Trends That Impact Health and ... 21st Century Health Care and Wellness: Getting the Health Care Delivery System That Meets Global Needs: Cost-Effective, ... and served in various capacities in the health research industry, including: CEO of National Health Economics and Research Corp ...
*  Browsing Harvard Medical School by Title
Fine, Andrew; Nizet, Victor; Mandl, Kenneth (Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 2013) ... Richardson, Eugene T.; Bailor Barrie, Mohamed; Daniel Kelly, J.; Dibba, Yusupha; Koedoyoma, Songor; Farmer, Paul E. (Health and ... Bisphenol A and Reproductive Health: Update of Experimental and Human Evidence, 2007-2013 ... Environmental Health Perspectives, 2014) Link to Published Version ...
*  Dr. Jayne Goes to AMIA-Tuesday | HIStalk
There was also some buzz today about changes to the clinical pathway for board certification in Clinical Informatics. I had a ... The research base for public health informatics is increasing. The presentation shifted to global health informatics with ... I started the morning with a panel, "Looking Back and Moving Forward: A Review of Public Health Informatics." Neither of these ... Public health applications aren't just about MU anymore. This year there was a rise in use of mobile solutions, patient portals ...
*  Neil F. Abernethy - Department of Health Services. Graduate Degree (PhD, MPH, MS, MHA) and Certificate Programs at the...
Public Health Informatics standards, epidemic models, and molecular epidemiology in the context of global health; scientific ... Department of Health Services. Contact Us / Intranet / Privacy / Terms ... PhD Stanford University, 2005 (Biomedical Informatics) BS North Carolina State University, 1993 (Applied Math, Biochemistry) ... Eval Health Prof. 2014 Mar;37(1):83-97. doi: 10.1177/0163278713500984. Epub 2013 Sep 23. PMID: 24064429 PMCID: PMC4012871. ...
*  Program Faculty - - PhD Program in Health Services Research - ( Doctoral training in Public Health ) - at the University of...
Public Health Informatics standards, epidemic models, and molecular epidemiology in the context of global health; scientific ... Health economics; health workforce; health insurance; comparative health systems. Emmanuela Gakidou, PhD, MSc. Adjunct ... health administration; human rights; epidemiology; patient safety; public health information; international health. James D. ... Impact evaluation studies; health systems reforms; health inequalities and health of the poor; measurement of adult mortality ...
*  NIH Exploratory/Developmental Research Grant Program (Parent R21) |
... public health informatics, translational informatics, bioinformatics, consumer health informatics and information sciences. NLM ... Clinical and Public Health Informatics. Dr. Hua-Chuan Sim. Phone: 301.594.4882. FAX: 301.402.2952 Email: ... National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) Rina Das, PhD. Phone: 301-496-3996. Email: dasr2@mail.nih. ... The National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) will accept investigator-initiated exploratory/ ...
*  GAO-08-328R, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Changes in Obligations and Activities before and after Fiscal Year...
... the National Center for Public Health Informatics and the National Center for Health Marketing. (Encl. I contains CDC's ... Occupational Safety and Health: * Global Health: * Public Health Improvement and Leadership: * Preventive Health and Health ... Occupational Safety and Health: * Preventive Health and Health Service Block Grant: * Public Health Improvement: * Building and ... Its functions were moved into ITSO, OCIO, MISO, and the National Center for Public Health Informatics. [End of table] ...
*  Alumni | HealthMap
She is a CDC/CSTE Applied Public Health Informatics Fellow at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. ... He is interested in the development of methods and applications in public health informatics. ... She is a master's student in the Global Health and Population department at Harvard School of Public Health, and is completing ... She received her veterinary degree from Cornell University and MPH in Global Health at Harvard School of Public Health. Her ...
*  SaTScan - Bibliography
Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 9:e115, 2017. [view]. go to top of page ... Health and Place, 8:191-199, 2002.. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Analysis of birth defect data in the ... Public Health Reports, 121:133-9, 2006. Pearl DL, Louie M, Chui L, Dore K, Grimsrud KM, Leedell D, Martin SW, Michel P, Svenson ... Public Health Reports, 2010, 125:111-120.. Viñas M, Tuduri E, Galar A, Yih WK, Pichel M, Stelling J, Brengi S, Della Gaspera A ...
*  The Best Online Colleges in Illinois | The Best Schools
Master's degree options include patient safety leadership and public health informatics. Doctoral degree offerings include ... Online master's degree options include business and public health. Online doctoral degree offerings include education, while ... The school is also one of the founding members of the Big Ten Conference and it is the second-oldest public university in all ... public health in leadership. Certificate programs include assistive technology and bioinformatics.. Resources online students ...
*  Enhancing Time-Series Detection Algorithms for Automated Biosurveillance - Volume 15, Number 4-April 2009 - Emerging Infectious...
BioSense is a US national system that uses data from health information systems for automated disease surveillance. We studied ... Dr Tokars is an acting branch chief in the National Center for Public Health Informatics, CDC. He works primarily on the ... Klompas M, Lazarus R, Daniel J, Haney GA, Campion FX, Kruskal BA, Electronic medical record support for public health (ESP): ... Buehler JW, Hopkins RS, Overhage JM, Sosin DM, Tong V; CDC Working Group. Framework for evaluating public health surveillance ...
*  William Foege - Wikipedia
Public health informatics and information systems. Berlin: Springer. pp. v-vii. ISBN 0-387-95474-0. OCLC 133157982. Foege WH; ... Upon reading a lecture on priorities in public health by Thomas Huckle Weller, Foege entered the Master of Public Health ... Emory University Global Health Institute Professor Emeritus, Rollins School of Public Health Health Policy Fellow, The Carter ... American Public Health Association, 1993 Frank A. Calderone Prize, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, 1996 Honorary ...
*  Global radiology - Wikipedia
"Bridging radiology and public health: the emerging field of radiologic public health informatics". Journal of the American ... Similar to the fields of public health and global health, global radiology draws on and encourages collaboration with ... "Global Health Initiative". Retrieved 2015-06-06. Wood, Mary F. (October 2014). "Global health imaging ... According to the World Health Organization, one half to two-thirds of the global population lacks access to radiological ...
*  Informaticopia: 03/01/2010 - 04/01/2010
Nursing Informatics * Technologies as Agents of Change * Informatics in Primary Care * Public Health Informatics * Ethics and ... Health Informatics: International Perspectives is the working theme for the 2011 international conference. Health informatics ... Health Informatics in Developing Countries * Initiatives in International Health Informatics * National & International ... check out the Health Informatics & elearning swicki at Links. Previous. *This blog has moved ...
*  News - Zhe He, iSchool at Florida State University
... was accepted by Online Journal of Public Health Informatics *5/7/14: Received "Outstanding Student Leader Award 2013-14" at New ... 03/21/2017: Our panel proposal "Advancing Health Informatics Education and Health IT Workforce Development through ... 11/30/2015: I have been awarded Amazon AWS Education and Research Grant to support my research in health informatics! The grant ... 04/15/15: Selected into Editorial Committee of MEDINFO 2015 (The 15th World Congress on Health and Biomedical Informatics) ...

Essence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics): Essence is the United States Department of Defense's Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Essence's goal is to monitor health data as it becomes available and discover epidemics and similar health concerns before they move out of control.Translational bioinformatics: Translational Bioinformatics (TBI) is an emerging field in the study of health informatics, focused on the convergence of molecular bioinformatics, biostatistics, statistical genetics, and clinical informatics. Its focus is on applying informatics methodology to the increasing amount of biomedical and genomic data to formulate knowledge and medical tools, which can be utilized by scientists, clinicians, and patients.WebAIMPublic Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Relevance: Relevance is the concept of one topic being connected to another topic in a way that makes it useful to consider the first topic when considering the second. The concept of relevance is studied in many different fields, including cognitive sciences, logic, and library and information science.Theory of Motivated Information Management: Theory of Motivated Information Management or TMIM, is a social-psychological framework that examines the relationship between information management and uncertainty. The theory posits that individuals are “motivated to manage their uncertainty levels when they perceive a discrepancy between the level of uncertainty they have about an important issue and the level of uncertainty they want” (Guerrero et al.HealthConnect: HealthConnect has been Australia’s change management strategy to transition from paper-based and legacy digital health records towards electronic health records planned system of electronic health records.Atlantic University: Atlantic University is private, distance education institution of higher and continuing education in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It is associated with Edgar Cayce's Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.Dr. Ezekiel R. Dumke College of Health Professions: The Dr. Ezekiel R.William M. Laffan: William MacKay Laffan (1848–1909) was the publisher and editor of the New York Sun in the final years of the 19th century and the first years of the 20th,Comment on his death in the New York Times, November 20, 1909. Accessed 29 March 2010.Emergency Digital Information Service: Emergency Digital Information Service (EDIS) is a wireless datacast based emergency and disaster information service operated by the State of California Governor's Office of Emergency Services. In operation since 1990 the system was upgraded in 1999 to support image and sound capabilities via satellite broadcast.International Committee on Aeronautical Fatigue and Structural IntegrityInternet organizations: This is a list of Internet organizations, or organizations that play or played a key role in the evolution of the Internet by developing recommendations, standards, and technology; deploying infrastructure and services; and addressing other major issues.Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Global Health Delivery Project

(1/367) The potential for research-based information in public health: identifying unrecognised information needs.

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether there is a potential for greater use of research-based information in public health practice in a local setting. Secondly, if research-based information is relevant, to explore the extent to which this generates questioning behaviour. DESIGN: Qualitative study using focus group discussions, observation and interviews. SETTING: Public health practices in Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 52 public health practitioners. RESULTS: In general, the public health practitioners had a positive attitude towards research-based information, but believed that they had few cases requiring this type of information. They did say, however, that there might be a potential for greater use. During five focus groups and six observation days we identified 28 questions/cases where it would have been appropriate to seek out research evidence according to our definition. Three of the public health practitioners identified three of these 28 cases as questions for which research-based information could have been relevant. This gap is interpreted as representing unrecognised information needs. CONCLUSIONS: There is an unrealised potential in public health practice for more frequent and extensive use of research-based information. The practitioners did not appear to reflect on the need for scientific information when faced with new cases and few questions of this type were generated.  (+info)

(2/367) A case-control study of autism and mumps-measles-rubella vaccination using the general practice research database: design and methodology.

BACKGROUND: An association between mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccination and the onset of symptoms typical of autism has recently been suggested. This has led to considerable concern about the safety of the vaccine. METHODS: A matched case-control study using data derived form the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database. Children with a possible diagnosis of autism will be identified from their electronic health records. All diagnoses will be validated by a detailed review of hospital letters and by using information derived from a parental questionnaire. Ten controls per case will be selected from the database. Conditional logistic regression will be used to assess the association between MMR vaccination and autism. In addition case series analyses will be undertaken to estimate the relative incidence of onset of autism in defined time intervals after vaccination. The study is funded by the United Kingdom Medical Research Council. DISCUSSION: Electronic health databases offer tremendous opportunities for evaluating the adverse effects of vaccines. However there is much scope for bias and confounding. The rigorous validation of all diagnoses and the collection of additional information by parental questionnaire in this study are essential to minimise the possibility of misleading results.  (+info)

(3/367) Using automated medical records for rapid identification of illness syndromes (syndromic surveillance): the example of lower respiratory infection.

BACKGROUND: Gaps in disease surveillance capacity, particularly for emerging infections and bioterrorist attack, highlight a need for efficient, real time identification of diseases. METHODS: We studied automated records from 1996 through 1999 of approximately 250,000 health plan members in greater Boston. RESULTS: We identified 152,435 lower respiratory infection illness visits, comprising 106,670 episodes during 1,143,208 person-years. Three diagnoses, cough (ICD9CM 786.2), pneumonia not otherwise specified (ICD9CM 486) and acute bronchitis (ICD9CM 466.0) accounted for 91% of these visits, with expected age and sex distributions. Variation of weekly occurrences corresponded closely to national pneumonia and influenza mortality data. There was substantial variation in geographic location of the cases. CONCLUSION: This information complements existing surveillance programs by assessing the large majority of episodes of illness for which no etiologic agents are identified. Additional advantages include: a) sensitivity, uniformity and efficiency, since detection of events does not depend on clinicians' to actively report diagnoses, b) timeliness, the data are available within a day of the clinical event; and c) ease of integration into automated surveillance systems. These features facilitate early detection of conditions of public health importance, including regularly occurring events like seasonal respiratory illness, as well as unusual occurrences, such as a bioterrorist attack that first manifests as respiratory symptoms. These methods should also be applicable to other infectious and non-infectious conditions. Knowledge of disease patterns in real time may also help clinicians to manage patients, and assist health plan administrators in allocating resources efficiently.  (+info)

(4/367) Conceptual framework of public health surveillance and action and its application in health sector reform.

BACKGROUND: Because both public health surveillance and action are crucial, the authors initiated meetings at regional and national levels to assess and reform surveillance and action systems. These meetings emphasized improved epidemic preparedness, epidemic response, and highlighted standardized assessment and reform. METHODS: To standardize assessments, the authors designed a conceptual framework for surveillance and action that categorized the framework into eight core and four support activities, measured with indicators. RESULTS: In application, country-level reformers measure both the presence and performance of the six core activities comprising public health surveillance (detection, registration, reporting, confirmation, analyses, and feedback) and acute (epidemic-type) and planned (management-type) responses composing the two core activities of public health action. Four support activities - communications, supervision, training, and resource provision - enable these eight core processes. National, multiple systems can then be concurrently assessed at each level for effectiveness, technical efficiency, and cost. CONCLUSIONS: This approach permits a cost analysis, highlights areas amenable to integration, and provides focused intervention. The final public health model becomes a district-focused, action-oriented integration of core and support activities with enhanced effectiveness, technical efficiency, and cost savings. This reform approach leads to sustained capacity development by an empowerment strategy defined as facilitated, process-oriented action steps transforming staff and the system.  (+info)

(5/367) Assessment of the infectious diseases surveillance system of the Republic of Armenia: an example of surveillance in the Republics of the former Soviet Union.

BACKGROUND: Before 1991, the infectious diseases surveillance systems (IDSS) of the former Soviet Union (FSU) were centrally planned in Moscow. The dissolution of the FSU resulted in economic stresses on public health infrastructure. At the request of seven FSU Ministries of Health, we performed assessments of the IDSS designed to guide reform. The assessment of the Armenian infectious diseases surveillance system (AIDSS) is presented here as a prototype. DISCUSSION: We performed qualitative assessments using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for evaluating surveillance systems. Until 1996, the AIDSS collected aggregate and case-based data on 64 infectious diseases. It collected information on diseases of low pathogenicity (e.g., pediculosis) and those with no public health intervention (e.g., infectious mononucleosis). The specificity was poor because of the lack of case definitions. Most cases were investigated using a lengthy, non-disease-specific case-report form Armenian public health officials analyzed data descriptively and reported data upward from the local to national level, with little feedback. Information was not shared across vertical programs. Reform should focus on enhancing usefulness, efficiency, and effectiveness by reducing the quantity of data collected and revising reporting procedures and information types; improving the quality, analyses, and use of data at different levels; reducing system operations costs; and improving communications to reporting sources. These recommendations are generalizable to other FSU republics. SUMMARY: The AIDSS was complex and sensitive, yet costly and inefficient. The flexibility, representativeness, and timeliness were good because of a comprehensive health-care system and compulsory reporting. Some data were questionable and some had no utility.  (+info)

(6/367) Verbal autopsy of 48 000 adult deaths attributable to medical causes in Chennai (formerly Madras), India.

BACKGROUND: In the city of Chennai, India, registration of the fact of death is almost complete but the cause of death is often inadequately recorded on the death certificate. A special verbal autopsy (VA) study of 48 000 adult deaths in Chennai during 1995-97 was conducted to arrive at the probable underlying cause of death and to measure cause specific mortality rates for Chennai. METHODS: Trained non-medical graduates with at least 15 years of formal education interviewed the surviving family members or an associate of the deceased to write a report on the complaints, symptoms, signs, duration and treatment details of illness prior to death. Each report was reviewed centrally by two physicians independently. The reliability was assessed by comparing deaths attributed to cancer by VA with records in Vital Statistics Department and Chennai Cancer Registry. RESULTS: The VA reduced the proportion of deaths attributed to unspecified medical causes and unknown causes from 37% to 7% in early adult life and middle age (25-69 yrs) and has yielded fewer unspecified causes (only 10%) than the death certificate. The sensitivity of VA to identify cancer was 94% in the age group 25-69. CONCLUSION: VA is practicable for deaths in early adult life or middle age and is of more limited value in old age. A systematic program of VA of a representative sample of deaths could assign broad causes not only to deaths in childhood (as has previously been established) but also to deaths in early adult life and middle age.  (+info)

(7/367) The healthcare cost and utilization project: an overview.

DATABASE: . Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP)-a family of databases including the State Inpatient Databases (SID), the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), and the outpatient databases State Ambulatory Surgery Data (SASD) and State Emergency Department Data (SEDD). DESCRIPTION: Multistate, inpatient (SID, NIS, KID) and outpatient (SASD, SEDD) discharge records on insured and uninsured patients. SOURCE: Partnership between the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and public and private statewide data organizations. AVAILABLE DATA: Selected data elements from inpatient and outpatient discharge records, including patient demographic, clinical, disposition and diagnostic/procedural information; hospital identification (ID); facility charges; and other facility information. DATA YEARS AVAILABLE: Varies by database: NIS 1988-2000; SID 1995-2000; KID 1997 and 2000; SASD 1995-2000; and SEDD in pilot phase. Future data years anticipated for all datasets and back years for SID and SASD. UNITS OF ANALYSIS: Patient (in states with encrypted patient identification), physician, market, and state. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: Quality assessment, use and cost of hospital services, medical treatment variations, use of ambulatory surgery services, diffusion of medical technology, impact of health policy changes, access to care (inference), study of rare illness or procedures, small area variations, and care of special populations. STRENGTHS: Largest collection of all-payer, uniform, state-based inpatient and ambulatory surgery administrative data. LIMITATIONS: Lacks clinical detail (e.g., stage of disease, vital statistics) and laboratory and pharmacy data. Ability to track patients across time and setting varies by state. ACCESS TO DATA: Access available to all users who sign and abide by the Data Use Agreement. Application kits available at HCUPnet, an on-line interactive query tool, allows access to data without purchase (www.ahrq. gov/data/hcup/hcupnet.htm).  (+info)

(8/367) Investigation of multistate foodborne disease outbreaks.

The U.S. food supply is characterized increasingly by centralized production and wide distribution of products, and more foodborne disease outbreaks are dispersed over broad geographic areas. Such outbreaks may present as a gradual, diffuse, and initially unapparent increase in sporadic cases. Recognition and reporting by clinicians and local public health officials and the ordering of laboratory tests by clinicians continue to be cornerstones of detecting all outbreaks. New methods--such as active laboratory-based surveillance, automated algorithms for detecting increases in infection rates, and molecular subtyping--facilitate detection of diffuse outbreaks. Routines have evolved for the investigation of multistate outbreaks; they are characterized by rapid communication between local, state, and federal public health officials; timely review of epidemiologic data by expert panels; collaboration on tracebacks with food safety regulatory agencies; and communication with the public and media. Rapid, efficient investigation of multistate outbreaks may result in control of acute public health emergencies, identification and correction of hazardous food production and processing practices, and consequent improvement in food safety.  (+info)

  • Workgroup
  • She is also a member of the Public Policy Committee and the Public Health Informatics Workgroup of the American Medical Informatics Association. (
  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC), and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) kicked off the FDASIA workgroup of the HITPC to provide stakeholder input into a report on a risk-based regulatory framework that promotes safety and innovation and reduces regulatory duplication, consistent with section 618 of FDASIA. (
  • This provision permitted the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to form a workgroup in order to obtain broad stakeholder input from across the health care, IT, patients and innovation spectrum. (
  • infectious diseases
  • Footnote Prior to the fiscal year 2005 organizational restructuring, CDC consisted of an Office of the Director and national centers that housed CDC's public health programs, including programs to reduce or prevent infectious diseases, cancer, birth defects, injuries, and other health problems. (
  • medical
  • It is also possible that a device carried by an unconscious person may not be their own, or not be up to date, with concomitant risks to health and legal liability of medical personnel. (
  • The University of Illinois at Chicago, a public university, established in 1982, operates one of the largest medical schools in the nation. (
  • He attended medical school at the University of Washington, where he became interested in public health while working "after school and on Saturdays" at the Seattle-King County Health Department. (
  • Similar to the fields of public health and global health, global radiology draws on and encourages collaboration with nonmedical specialties relevant to disease patterns and the provision of medical services, including economic development, biomedical technology, engineering and social sciences. (
  • Health information technology (HIT) was promoted for management and secure exchange of medical information among researchers, health care providers, and consumers. (
  • The school encompasses both a medical program, offering the doctor of medicine, and graduate programs, offering doctor of philosophy and master's degrees in several areas of biomedical science, clinical research, medical education, and medical informatics. (
  • Segun Toyin Dawodu (born October 13, 1960 in Nigeria) is currently an Attending Interventional Physiatrist with the WellSpan Health, and was previously an Associate Professor of Pain Medicine at Albany Medical College. (
  • He is a graduate of Medicine (MD) from University of Ibadan, Nigeria, of Law from University of London/Queen Mary (LL.B and LL.M), graduate of Medical Informatics (Master of Science) from Northwestern University and a graduate of the Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School with an MBA. (
  • He is board certified in the medical specialties of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Pain Medicine, Sports Medicine, Clinical informatics, Spinal Cord Injury Medicine and Electrodiagnostic Medicine. (
  • Health informatics tools include amongst others computers, clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems. (
  • In October 2011 American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), the organization overseeing the certification of specialist MDs in the United States, announced the creation of MD-only physician certification in clinical informatics. (
  • S. N. Roy is presently being survived by his son Subir Roy who is an MD, Obstetrician & Gynecologist, Reproductive Endocrinologist at the LAC+USC Medical Center, LA, and his daughter Sunanda R. McGarvey who works at the National Center of Public Health Informatics, CDC in Washington, DC. (
  • Based on an often-cited 2008 report on a small series of studies conducted at four sites that provide ambulatory care - three U.S. medical centers and one in the Netherlands - the use of electronic health records (EHRs) was viewed as the most promising tool for improving the overall quality, safety and efficiency of the health delivery system. (
  • According to an article published in the International Journal of Medical Informatics, health information sharing between patients and providers helps to improve diagnosis, promotes self care, and patients also know more information about their health. (
  • Studies in Europe evaluating electronic health information poses a threat to electronic medical records and exchange of personal information. (
  • Medical Informatics' is the application of computer technology to medicine such as health care, medical research and medical teaching. (
  • Associate Professor
  • In March 2002, he emigrated to Canada[citation needed] and since then has been senior scientist at the Centre for Global eHealth Innovation at the University Health Network[citation needed] (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), and associate professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation at the University of Toronto. (
  • systems
  • They play an important role in improving health and shaping health care systems and policy world-wide. (
  • Public health informatics and information systems. (
  • Clinical informaticians, also known as clinical informaticists, transform health care by analyzing, designing, implementing, and evaluating information and communication systems that enhance individual and population health outcomes, improve [patient] care, and strengthen the clinician-patient relationship. (
  • This article presents some history of use of geographic information and geographic information systems in public health application areas, provides some examples showing the utilization of GIS techniques in solving specific public health problems, and finally addresses several potential issues arising from increased use of these GIS techniques in the public health arena. (
  • It supports health information management across computerized systems and the secure exchange of health information between consumers, providers, payers, and quality monitors. (
  • For HIT, technology represents computers and communications attributes that can be networked to build systems for moving health information. (
  • programs
  • In fiscal year 2005, CDC, an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), completed its first major organizational restructuring in more than 25 years, known as the Futures Initiative, as part of its efforts to prioritize its strategies, programs, resources, and needs. (
  • Footnote In addition to its leadership and management levels, CDC has one organizational level- -consisting of the national center divisions, branches, and other units--that is primarily responsible for operating public health programs. (
  • Southern Illinois University Carbondale, a public research university, founded in 1869, provides roughly 300 degree programs. (
  • Growing interest in global health among radiology resident physicians has spurred some radiology residency programs to offer global health training. (
  • today's
  • When considering the state of antibiotic resistance proliferation in today's health care landscape, the words "The Bugs are Fighting Back! (
  • Today's public health problems are much larger in scope than those Dr. Snow faced, and researchers today depend on modern GIS and other computer mapping applications to assist in their analyses. (
  • technology
  • and others ) Since the beginning of the World Wide Web, public health agencies with sufficient information technology resources have been transitioning to web-based collection of public health data, and, more recently, to automated messaging of the same information. (
  • The academic component of global radiology involves the study of obstacles to obtaining access to imaging services and technology, and research on efforts to improve global health through radiology. (
  • The initiative was developed by the National Cancer Institute (part of the National Institutes of Health) and was maintained by the Center for Biomedical Informatics and Information Technology (CBIIT). (
  • It is a multidisciplinary field that uses health information technology (HIT) to improve health care via any combination of higher quality, higher efficiency (spurring lower cost and thus greater availability), and new opportunities. (
  • Clinicians collaborate with other health care and information technology professionals to develop health informatics tools which promote patient care that is safe, efficient, effective, timely, patient-centered, and equitable. (
  • Health information technology (HIT) is information technology applied to health and health care. (
  • Risk-based regulatory framework for health IT September 4, 2013 the Health IT Policy Committee (HITPC) accepted and approved recommendations from the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) working group for a risk-based regulatory framework for health information technology. (
  • HIMSS Good Informatics Practices-GIP is aligned with FDA risk-based regulatory framework for health information technology. (
  • care
  • To promote interoperability, the CDC has encouraged the adoption in public health data exchange of several standard vocabularies and messaging formats from the health care world. (
  • Since about 2005, the CDC has promoted the idea of the Public Health Information Network to facilitate the transmission of data from various partners in the health care industry and elsewhere (hospitals, clinical and environmental laboratories, doctors' practices, pharmacies) to local health agencies, then to state health agencies, and then to the CDC. (
  • Although this data references only acute care hospitals, antibiotic stewardship is needed across the health care spectrum. (
  • According to The Pew Charitable Trusts (PCT), common inappropriate uses of antibiotics in health care are for asthma, allergies, bronchitis, middle ear infections, influenza, viral pneumonia and viral upper respiratory infections. (
  • These workshops focused on the NHSN and Emerging Infectious Disease, which are an integral part of Louisiana's health care-associated infections activities. (
  • UPMC is considered a leading American health care provider, as its flagship facilities have ranked in the U.S. News & World Report "Honor Roll" of the approximately 15 to 20 best hospitals in America for over a decade. (
  • At the IOM, she directed studies on health insurance and access to care and provided testimony on children's coverage to the U.S. Senate Finance Committee and the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. (
  • Clinical informatics is concerned with the use of information in health care by and for clinicians. (
  • The FDA, ONC, and FCC actively participated in these discussions with stakeholders from across the health care, IT, patients and innovation spectrum. (
  • Evaluation of health care based on value enabled by the collection of de-identified price and quality information that can be compared. (
  • population
  • According to the World Health Organization, one half to two-thirds of the global population lacks access to radiological services due primarily to shortages in diagnostic equipment and trained personnel. (
  • Health Data Insight (HDI) CiC is a social enterprise (community interest company), that researches and data mines NHS England figures to find population health and epidemiological or demographic insights for effective NHS treatments by public health informatics, headquartered in the east of Cambridge. (
  • The term was first used in August 2012 when the Population Informatics Research Group was founded at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (
  • The first Workshop on Population Informatics for Big Data was held at the ACM SIGKDD conference in Sydney, Australia, in August 2015. (
  • The primary goal of population informatics is to increase the understanding of social processes by developing and applying computationally intensive techniques to the social genome data. (
  • Besides population informatics, it also includes complex simulations of social phenomena. (
  • Often complex simulation models use results from population informatics to configure with real world parameters. (
  • The first Workshop on Population Informatics for Big Data was held at the ACM SIGKDD conference in Sydney, Australia, in 2015. (
  • Three major challenges specific to population informatics are: Preserving privacy of the subjects of the data - due to increasing concerns of privacy and confidentiality sharing or exchanging sensitive data about the subjects across different organizations is often not allowed. (
  • Management
  • However, questions have been raised concerning whether changing the budget reporting structure has made it difficult to compare obligations over time for leadership and management activities and for public health program activities. (
  • 2005). Global health leadership and management. (
  • Margo Edmunds is an American health policy researcher, strategy consultant, educator, and writer who began her clinical career in disease management at Johns Hopkins Hospital. (
  • hospitals
  • Plans were made to house the Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy in a new building contiguous to the principal teaching hospitals and the Graduate School of Public Health. (
  • work
  • The bulk of the work of public health informatics in the United States, as with public health generally, takes place at the state and local level, in the state departments of health and the county or parish departments of health. (
  • Despite the clinical and public health importance of this phenomenon, not enough work has been carried out so far to study and remedy this situation. (
  • Footnote Four of the six coordinating centers each manage the work of two or more specific national centers, while the other two coordinating centers each manage agencywide issues related to global health and terrorism preparedness and emergency response. (
  • Dr. Snow's work provides an indication of how a GIS could benefit public health investigations and other research. (
  • preparedness
  • She and her MediaVision partner, Charles Fulwood, collaborated on an online multimedia course on emergency preparedness communications for the Johns Hopkins Center for Public Health Preparedness, as well as a primer for health professionals on strategic communications. (
  • and also made several presentations at state, regional, and national conferences on public health preparedness. (
  • global health
  • I admit that global health is entirely outside my comfort zone, but was interested in learning more. (
  • The presentation shifted to global health informatics with presenter Jamie Pina, who explained that typically these are resource-constrained environments and are defined as "low- and middle-income countries" based on the World Bank definitions. (
  • There is generally a weak market for global health informatics products, so organizations typically use open source or homegrown tools. (
  • He did also mention the end of the current Ebola crisis as a notable event that solidified the need for attention to global health issues. (
  • When Foege was with the EIS, he was inspired by Alexander Langmuir to pursue global health, and spent a short time with the Peace Corps in India under Charles Snead Houston. (
  • Center
  • He is the Director of the JHU/APL Center of Excellence in Public Health Informatics. (
  • The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) will accept investigator-initiated exploratory/developmental projects (R21) for all program areas supported by the Center. (
  • Centers
  • February 25, 2008: The Honorable Henry A. Waxman: Chairman: Committee on Oversight and Government Reform: House of Representatives: Subject: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Changes in Obligations and Activities before and after Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Reorganization: Dear Mr. Chairman: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) mission is to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability. (
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) held the government's first hybrid event on August 21-24, 2011, with the introduction of an immersive virtual version of the Public Health Informatics conference, (an in-person event held at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta hotel). (
  • implement
  • Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Web-Site Content Helps Policymakers Implement the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP grant report, 2004) Steinhauer, Jennifer. (
  • patient
  • HIT initiatives mentioning caBIG were: NCI and the American Society of Clinical Oncology initiated a collaboration to create an oncology-specific electronic health record system using caBIG standards for interoperability and that will enable oncologists to manage patient information in an electronic format that accurately captures the specific interventional issues unique to oncology. (
  • The Nationwide Health Information Network was an initiative to share patient clinical data across geographically disparate sources and create electronically linked national health information exchange. (
  • social
  • At Barcamp events, all attendees are encouraged to share information and experiences of the event via public web channels including blogs, photo sharing, social bookmarking, Twitter, wikis, and IRC. (