Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Information Systems: A system for the collection and/or processing of data from various sources, and using the information for policy making and management of health services. It could be paper-based or electronic. (From http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTHEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/EXTHSD/0,,contentMDK:22239824~menuPK:376799~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:376793,00.html. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/systems/en/)Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Information Science: The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.Bibliography of Medicine: A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.Information Management: Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Nursing Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers applied to the field of nursing.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Health Information Management: Management of the acquisition, organization, retrieval, and dissemination of health information.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Medical Informatics Applications: Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.United StatesDelivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.

*  Devising an Indicator to Detect Mid-Term Abortions in Dairy Cattle: A First Step Towards Syndromic Surveillance of Abortive...
Bovine abortion surveillance is essential for human and animal health because it plays an important role in the early warning ... of potential human or veterinary public-health threats which require effective public health action" [13]. Syndromic ... Intelligence and Security Informatics: Biosurveillance Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2007. pp. 91-102. ... Framework for evaluating public health surveillance systems for early detection of outbreaks: recommendations from the CDC ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0119012
*  Public Health Informatics Competencies | CDC
... list of performance competencies for public health informaticians that define the discipline of public health informatics, ... and provide a framework for public health informatics training and career development. ... describe the skills of two different levels of practicing public health informaticians, ... The CDC-Public Health Informatics Competencies is a comprehensive ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/informaticscompetencies/
*  public health informatics Leadership | AMIA
... and other informatics professionals who rely on data to connect people, information, and technology. ... Public Health Informatics Resources View More. * Webinar: Population Health Management Systems - What are they and how can they ... Proceedings: Current Issues in Population Health Informatics for Healthcare and Public Health ... 2014-07-21-Electronic-Public-Health-Case-Reporting-Is-There-a-Path-Forward.pdf ...
  https://www.amia.org/programs/working-groups/public-health-informatics/leadership
*  Grants Target Public Health Informatics | Information Management
4.37 million in grants to fund four new Centers of Excellence in Public Health Informatics ... public health knowledge. The goal is to address decision support needs for public health professionals engaged in disease ... Harvard Pilgrim will study personally controlled health records and social networks, and electronic support for public health ... public health to the point of care via information technology and enhancing basic infrastructure to support public health. One ...
  https://www.information-management.com/news/grants-target-public-health-informatics
*  Biohealthmatics.com - Public Health Informatics.
If you plan on looking for a job or advertising a job in the Public Health informatics sector, you can have total confidence in ... At Biohealthmatics.com, we are your one stop shop for all your Public Health informatics career needs. We believe in making ... We have the most complete information of Public Health informatics careers available on the Internet. ... Nobody understands Public Health informatics more than Biohealthmatics.com! ...
  http://www.biohealthmatics.com/healthinformatics/publichealth_informatics/pubhinfo.aspx
*  Public health informatics - Wikipedia
... www.jhsph.edu/departments/health-policy-and-management/certificates/public-health-informatics/what-is-health-informatics.html ... www.jhsph.edu/departments/health-policy-and-management/certificates/public-health-informatics/what-is-health-informatics.html. ... The bulk of the work of public health informatics in the United States, as with public health generally, takes place at the ... It is one of the subdomains of health informatics. Public health informatics is defined as the use of computers, clinical ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_health_informatics
*  Disease Surveillance: A Public Health Informatics Approach | Biostatistics | General & Introductory Statistics | Subjects |...
... and Occupational Health at McGill University. His research interests include public health informatics and surveillance systems ... He is the Director of the JHU/APL Center of Excellence in Public Health Informatics. David L. Buckeridge, MD, PhD, is Assistant ... Disease Surveillance: A Public Health Informatics Approach. Joseph S. Lombardo, David L. Buckeridge ... essential reading for those learning about public health disease surveillance and for statisticians working with public health ...
  https://www.wiley.com/en-us/Disease+Surveillance%3A+A+Public+Health+Informatics+Approach-p-9780470068120
*  Public Health Informatics and Information Systems (ebook) by Patrick W. O'Carroll | 9780387227450
Marcus Tullius Cicero Improvements in the health status of communities depend on effective public health and healthcare i ... download and read Public Health Informatics and Information Systems ebook online in PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, ... The Context for Public Health InformaticsChapter 1. Introduction to Public Health Informatics Patrick O'Carroll, MD, MPH, ... Evaluation for Public Health Informatics Deborah Lewis, EdD, RN, MPHChapter 13. Ethics, Information Technology, and Public ...
  https://www.ebooks.com/219391/public-health-informatics-and-information-systems/o-carroll-patrick-w-ross-d-a-hinman-a-r-yasnoff-wi/
*  Online Programs | MPH in Public Health Informatics | University of Illinois
... to help public health professionals become experts in the systematic application of information technology to public health ... UIC s online master s degree and online certificate program in Public Health Informatics (PHI) are designed ...
  http://www.online.uillinois.edu/catalog/ProgramDetail.asp?tab=4&ProgramID=319
*  0 Best Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist jobs in Wichita, KS (Hiring Now!) | Simply Hired
New Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist careers in Wichita, KS are added daily on SimplyHired.com. The low-stress way to ... find your next Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist job opportunity is on Simply Hired. There are over 0 Public Health ... 0 Public Health Informatics Gis Specialist jobs available in Wichita, KS. See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get ... Informatics Gis Specialist careers in Wichita, KS waiting for you to apply! ...
  https://www.simplyhired.com/k-public-health-informatics-gis-specialist-l-wichita-ks-jobs.html
*  PPT - Public Health Informatics PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 7b19e-YTIxY
Health Alert Network (HAN) Epidemic Information Exchange (Epi-X) ... - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash ... PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATICS: - PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATICS: Challenges for Schools of Public Health. Ron Brookmeyer ... HEALTH ... PUBLIC HEALTH DIVISION Office of the State Public Health Director - Title: Public Health Orientation for Local Public Health ... Public Health Informatics. 1. Public Health Informatics*Rita Kukafka, DrPH, MA *Department of Biomedical Informatics, College ...
  http://www.powershow.com/view/7b19e-YTIxY/Public_Health_Informatics_powerpoint_ppt_presentation
*  Transportation | Public Health Informatics Conference
The Metropolitan Transit Authority (MARTA) operates Atlanta's local public transportation system. MARTA's Airport Station is ...
  http://phiconference.org/travel-information/transportation/
*  Health Informatics in the Public Health 3.0 Era: Intelligen... : Journal of Public Health Management and Practice
Health Informatics in the Public Health 3.0 Era: Intelligence for the Chief Health Strategists. DeSalvo, Karen MD, MPH, MSc; ... This commentary discusses health informatics in the Public Health 3.0 era and the role of chief health strategists to leverage ... Health Informatics in the Public Health 3.0 Era: Intelligence for the Chief Health Strategists ... What is "public" about public health: lessons from Michigan. Am J Public Health. 2016;106(7):1171-1172.. * Cited Here... ...
  https://journals.lww.com/jphmp/Fulltext/2016/11001/Health_Informatics_in_the_Public_Health_3_0_Era__.1.aspx
*  Masters in Health Informatics | Informatics in Public Health | Health Informatics Career Guide
... major areas of application for health informatics:. Consumer Health Informatics. Consumer health informatics studies health ... Public Health Informatics. The information gleaned from analyzing massive troves of public health data improves our ability to ... The Application of Informatics: Consumer Health, Public Health, Clinical Support, Research and Translation. The study of health ... The Triple Aim of Health Informatics: Patient Care, Population Health and Cost Control. Health informatics is broad, ...
  http://www.publichealthonline.org/health-informatics/
*  Health Administration Jobs in Chicago, IL - Chicago Health Administration Jobs | Monster.com
Find all the information you need to land a Health Administration job in Chicago, Illinois and build a career. ... Illinois Health Administration jobs and career resources on Monster. ... PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATICS SPECIALIST City of Chicago Chicago, IL 1 day ago. ... Health Administration Jobs in Chicago, Illinois 327 Chicago, IL Health Administration jobs found on Monster. 327 jobs ...
  https://www.monster.com/jobs/q-health-administration-jobs-l-chicago,-il.aspx
*  Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists
... which is where public health informatics comes in. Public health informatics is ultimately about transforming health-related ... public health and health care systems, planning and management to promote health, policy in public health, leadership, ... Ken Scott is an Applied Public Health Informatics Fellow at Denver Public Health. He received his PhD from the University of ... I am currently a fellow working at Denver Public Health through the Applied Public Health Informatics Fellowship (APHIF) ...
  http://www.cste.org/blogpost/1084057/CSTE-Features?tag=fellowship
*  Biomedical Informatics Courses
This course will highlight the history, current and future use of informatics in public health settings, and give students an ... Synopsis: ​Introduction to the emerging and critical field of public health informatics. ... Synopsis: Health Analytics is the science of analyzing health data for knowledge discovery and decision making. The sheer ... and public health. Recommended course work in computer science, statistics, anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology. ...
  https://medicine.osu.edu/bmi/education/bmi_courses/pages/index.aspx
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Using a Relational Database to Index Infectious Disease Information
Medical and public health professionals could use such a database as a decision-support software tool. ... This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health Informatics) View Full-Text , Download PDF [101 KB, uploaded 19 June ... Keywords: decision support; relational database; infectious diseases; public health informatics; early detection; differential ... public health informatics; early detection; differential diagnosis; indexing information; knowledge mapping ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/7/5/2177
*  Evaluation of a Computer-Based System Using Cell Phones for HIV People in Peru - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Public Health. Public Health Informatics. Randomized. Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials. Randomized Controlled Trials. ... Health Informatics. Health behavior. Information Technology. Internet. Intervention. Medication. Patient Satisfaction. Patient ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01118767?term=%22+April+24%2C++2010%22%3A%22+May+24%2C++2010%22%5BFIRST-RECEIVED-DATE%5DAND+HIV%5BCONDITION%5D&rank=3
*  Evaluation of a Computer-Based System Using Cell Phones for HIV People in Peru - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Public Health. Public Health Informatics. Randomized. Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials. Randomized Controlled Trials. ... Health Informatics. Health behavior. Information Technology. Internet. Intervention. Medication. Patient Satisfaction. Patient ... Primary Purpose: Health Services Research. Official Title:. Evaluation of a Computer-Based System Using Cell Phones for HIV ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01118767?order=580
*  Pyrrolizidine alkaloid - Wikipedia
Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. 5 (1): e167. PMC 3692817 . 23. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/stories/Ethiopia.html, ... Of concern is the health risk associated with the use of medicinal herbs that contain PAs, notably borage leaf, comfrey and ... A Potential Threat to Health". J. Agric. Food Chem. 50 (10): 2719-2730. doi:10.1021/jf0114482. "Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Food ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrrolizidine_alkaloid
*  Use of Computers to Prevent Metabolic Syndrome - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Center for Public Health informatics, AIPH. Recruiting. Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, India, 751002 Contact: Shruti Mehta, PGDHHM ... Further study details as provided by Ashish Joshi, Asian Institute of Public Health:. Primary Outcome Measures: *Frequency of ... Despite the clinical and public health importance of this phenomenon, not enough work has been carried out so far to study and ... Ashish Joshi, Assistant Professor, Asian Institute of Public Health. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:. NCT01713465 History of ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01713465
*  Search of: syndrome - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
Center for Public Health informatics, AIPH. Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, India. 15. NCT03358823. Enrolling by invitation. Study on the ... comorbidities and changes in general health. 1659. All. Child, Adult, Senior. NCT02379702. METSAR-II. June 2014. November 2014 ... To download the XML for all public study records in our database; See Downloading All Study Content for Analysis ... The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Houston, Texas, United States ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=syndrome&show_down=Y
*  JMIR-Using the Internet for Health-Related Activities: Findings From a National Probability Sample | Atkinson | Journal of...
1Department of Public and Community Health, Public Health Informatics Research Laboratory, University of Maryland, College Park ... Evaluating new health information technologies: expanding the frontiers of health care delivery and health promotion. Stud ... Health status has been associated with health-related Internet use in previous studies [3,10], but these studies have reported ... J Health Comm Jul-Sep;7(4):309-24. .. *Morahan-Martin JM. How internet users find, evaluate, and use online health information ...
  http://www.jmir.org/2009/1/e4/
*  Brian C. Sauer, PhD, MS - Faculty Details - U of U School of Medicine - | University of Utah
Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. OJPHI, 5(1).. *Sauer, BC, He Tao, Nebeker JR (04/30/2013). SAS® Tools for ... Expanding Collaborations to Chart a New Course in Public Health Surveillance - San Diego, CA, December 4-5, 2012 - Oral ... Am J Health Syst Pharm, 69(6), 455, 460-1.. *Hall GC, Sauer B, Bourke A, Brown JS, Reynolds MW, LoCasale R (2012). Guidelines ... May 2008) [Abstract]. Value In Health, 11(3), A185. *LaFleur J, Ghate S, Sauer B (05/2008). Updating the RxRisk-V measure: ...
  http://medicine.utah.edu/faculty/mddetail.php?facultyID=u0431211

Essence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics): Essence is the United States Department of Defense's Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Essence's goal is to monitor health data as it becomes available and discover epidemics and similar health concerns before they move out of control.Translational bioinformatics: Translational Bioinformatics (TBI) is an emerging field in the study of health informatics, focused on the convergence of molecular bioinformatics, biostatistics, statistical genetics, and clinical informatics. Its focus is on applying informatics methodology to the increasing amount of biomedical and genomic data to formulate knowledge and medical tools, which can be utilized by scientists, clinicians, and patients.WebAIMPublic Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Relevance: Relevance is the concept of one topic being connected to another topic in a way that makes it useful to consider the first topic when considering the second. The concept of relevance is studied in many different fields, including cognitive sciences, logic, and library and information science.Theory of Motivated Information Management: Theory of Motivated Information Management or TMIM, is a social-psychological framework that examines the relationship between information management and uncertainty. The theory posits that individuals are “motivated to manage their uncertainty levels when they perceive a discrepancy between the level of uncertainty they have about an important issue and the level of uncertainty they want” (Guerrero et al.HealthConnect: HealthConnect has been Australia’s change management strategy to transition from paper-based and legacy digital health records towards electronic health records planned system of electronic health records.Atlantic University: Atlantic University is private, distance education institution of higher and continuing education in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It is associated with Edgar Cayce's Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.Dr. Ezekiel R. Dumke College of Health Professions: The Dr. Ezekiel R.William M. Laffan: William MacKay Laffan (1848–1909) was the publisher and editor of the New York Sun in the final years of the 19th century and the first years of the 20th,Comment on his death in the New York Times, November 20, 1909. Accessed 29 March 2010.Emergency Digital Information Service: Emergency Digital Information Service (EDIS) is a wireless datacast based emergency and disaster information service operated by the State of California Governor's Office of Emergency Services. In operation since 1990 the system was upgraded in 1999 to support image and sound capabilities via satellite broadcast.International Committee on Aeronautical Fatigue and Structural IntegrityInternet organizations: This is a list of Internet organizations, or organizations that play or played a key role in the evolution of the Internet by developing recommendations, standards, and technology; deploying infrastructure and services; and addressing other major issues.Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Global Health Delivery Project

(1/367) The potential for research-based information in public health: identifying unrecognised information needs.

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether there is a potential for greater use of research-based information in public health practice in a local setting. Secondly, if research-based information is relevant, to explore the extent to which this generates questioning behaviour. DESIGN: Qualitative study using focus group discussions, observation and interviews. SETTING: Public health practices in Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 52 public health practitioners. RESULTS: In general, the public health practitioners had a positive attitude towards research-based information, but believed that they had few cases requiring this type of information. They did say, however, that there might be a potential for greater use. During five focus groups and six observation days we identified 28 questions/cases where it would have been appropriate to seek out research evidence according to our definition. Three of the public health practitioners identified three of these 28 cases as questions for which research-based information could have been relevant. This gap is interpreted as representing unrecognised information needs. CONCLUSIONS: There is an unrealised potential in public health practice for more frequent and extensive use of research-based information. The practitioners did not appear to reflect on the need for scientific information when faced with new cases and few questions of this type were generated.  (+info)

(2/367) A case-control study of autism and mumps-measles-rubella vaccination using the general practice research database: design and methodology.

BACKGROUND: An association between mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccination and the onset of symptoms typical of autism has recently been suggested. This has led to considerable concern about the safety of the vaccine. METHODS: A matched case-control study using data derived form the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database. Children with a possible diagnosis of autism will be identified from their electronic health records. All diagnoses will be validated by a detailed review of hospital letters and by using information derived from a parental questionnaire. Ten controls per case will be selected from the database. Conditional logistic regression will be used to assess the association between MMR vaccination and autism. In addition case series analyses will be undertaken to estimate the relative incidence of onset of autism in defined time intervals after vaccination. The study is funded by the United Kingdom Medical Research Council. DISCUSSION: Electronic health databases offer tremendous opportunities for evaluating the adverse effects of vaccines. However there is much scope for bias and confounding. The rigorous validation of all diagnoses and the collection of additional information by parental questionnaire in this study are essential to minimise the possibility of misleading results.  (+info)

(3/367) Using automated medical records for rapid identification of illness syndromes (syndromic surveillance): the example of lower respiratory infection.

BACKGROUND: Gaps in disease surveillance capacity, particularly for emerging infections and bioterrorist attack, highlight a need for efficient, real time identification of diseases. METHODS: We studied automated records from 1996 through 1999 of approximately 250,000 health plan members in greater Boston. RESULTS: We identified 152,435 lower respiratory infection illness visits, comprising 106,670 episodes during 1,143,208 person-years. Three diagnoses, cough (ICD9CM 786.2), pneumonia not otherwise specified (ICD9CM 486) and acute bronchitis (ICD9CM 466.0) accounted for 91% of these visits, with expected age and sex distributions. Variation of weekly occurrences corresponded closely to national pneumonia and influenza mortality data. There was substantial variation in geographic location of the cases. CONCLUSION: This information complements existing surveillance programs by assessing the large majority of episodes of illness for which no etiologic agents are identified. Additional advantages include: a) sensitivity, uniformity and efficiency, since detection of events does not depend on clinicians' to actively report diagnoses, b) timeliness, the data are available within a day of the clinical event; and c) ease of integration into automated surveillance systems. These features facilitate early detection of conditions of public health importance, including regularly occurring events like seasonal respiratory illness, as well as unusual occurrences, such as a bioterrorist attack that first manifests as respiratory symptoms. These methods should also be applicable to other infectious and non-infectious conditions. Knowledge of disease patterns in real time may also help clinicians to manage patients, and assist health plan administrators in allocating resources efficiently.  (+info)

(4/367) Conceptual framework of public health surveillance and action and its application in health sector reform.

BACKGROUND: Because both public health surveillance and action are crucial, the authors initiated meetings at regional and national levels to assess and reform surveillance and action systems. These meetings emphasized improved epidemic preparedness, epidemic response, and highlighted standardized assessment and reform. METHODS: To standardize assessments, the authors designed a conceptual framework for surveillance and action that categorized the framework into eight core and four support activities, measured with indicators. RESULTS: In application, country-level reformers measure both the presence and performance of the six core activities comprising public health surveillance (detection, registration, reporting, confirmation, analyses, and feedback) and acute (epidemic-type) and planned (management-type) responses composing the two core activities of public health action. Four support activities - communications, supervision, training, and resource provision - enable these eight core processes. National, multiple systems can then be concurrently assessed at each level for effectiveness, technical efficiency, and cost. CONCLUSIONS: This approach permits a cost analysis, highlights areas amenable to integration, and provides focused intervention. The final public health model becomes a district-focused, action-oriented integration of core and support activities with enhanced effectiveness, technical efficiency, and cost savings. This reform approach leads to sustained capacity development by an empowerment strategy defined as facilitated, process-oriented action steps transforming staff and the system.  (+info)

(5/367) Assessment of the infectious diseases surveillance system of the Republic of Armenia: an example of surveillance in the Republics of the former Soviet Union.

BACKGROUND: Before 1991, the infectious diseases surveillance systems (IDSS) of the former Soviet Union (FSU) were centrally planned in Moscow. The dissolution of the FSU resulted in economic stresses on public health infrastructure. At the request of seven FSU Ministries of Health, we performed assessments of the IDSS designed to guide reform. The assessment of the Armenian infectious diseases surveillance system (AIDSS) is presented here as a prototype. DISCUSSION: We performed qualitative assessments using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for evaluating surveillance systems. Until 1996, the AIDSS collected aggregate and case-based data on 64 infectious diseases. It collected information on diseases of low pathogenicity (e.g., pediculosis) and those with no public health intervention (e.g., infectious mononucleosis). The specificity was poor because of the lack of case definitions. Most cases were investigated using a lengthy, non-disease-specific case-report form Armenian public health officials analyzed data descriptively and reported data upward from the local to national level, with little feedback. Information was not shared across vertical programs. Reform should focus on enhancing usefulness, efficiency, and effectiveness by reducing the quantity of data collected and revising reporting procedures and information types; improving the quality, analyses, and use of data at different levels; reducing system operations costs; and improving communications to reporting sources. These recommendations are generalizable to other FSU republics. SUMMARY: The AIDSS was complex and sensitive, yet costly and inefficient. The flexibility, representativeness, and timeliness were good because of a comprehensive health-care system and compulsory reporting. Some data were questionable and some had no utility.  (+info)

(6/367) Verbal autopsy of 48 000 adult deaths attributable to medical causes in Chennai (formerly Madras), India.

BACKGROUND: In the city of Chennai, India, registration of the fact of death is almost complete but the cause of death is often inadequately recorded on the death certificate. A special verbal autopsy (VA) study of 48 000 adult deaths in Chennai during 1995-97 was conducted to arrive at the probable underlying cause of death and to measure cause specific mortality rates for Chennai. METHODS: Trained non-medical graduates with at least 15 years of formal education interviewed the surviving family members or an associate of the deceased to write a report on the complaints, symptoms, signs, duration and treatment details of illness prior to death. Each report was reviewed centrally by two physicians independently. The reliability was assessed by comparing deaths attributed to cancer by VA with records in Vital Statistics Department and Chennai Cancer Registry. RESULTS: The VA reduced the proportion of deaths attributed to unspecified medical causes and unknown causes from 37% to 7% in early adult life and middle age (25-69 yrs) and has yielded fewer unspecified causes (only 10%) than the death certificate. The sensitivity of VA to identify cancer was 94% in the age group 25-69. CONCLUSION: VA is practicable for deaths in early adult life or middle age and is of more limited value in old age. A systematic program of VA of a representative sample of deaths could assign broad causes not only to deaths in childhood (as has previously been established) but also to deaths in early adult life and middle age.  (+info)

(7/367) The healthcare cost and utilization project: an overview.

DATABASE: . Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP)-a family of databases including the State Inpatient Databases (SID), the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), and the outpatient databases State Ambulatory Surgery Data (SASD) and State Emergency Department Data (SEDD). DESCRIPTION: Multistate, inpatient (SID, NIS, KID) and outpatient (SASD, SEDD) discharge records on insured and uninsured patients. SOURCE: Partnership between the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and public and private statewide data organizations. AVAILABLE DATA: Selected data elements from inpatient and outpatient discharge records, including patient demographic, clinical, disposition and diagnostic/procedural information; hospital identification (ID); facility charges; and other facility information. DATA YEARS AVAILABLE: Varies by database: NIS 1988-2000; SID 1995-2000; KID 1997 and 2000; SASD 1995-2000; and SEDD in pilot phase. Future data years anticipated for all datasets and back years for SID and SASD. UNITS OF ANALYSIS: Patient (in states with encrypted patient identification), physician, market, and state. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: Quality assessment, use and cost of hospital services, medical treatment variations, use of ambulatory surgery services, diffusion of medical technology, impact of health policy changes, access to care (inference), study of rare illness or procedures, small area variations, and care of special populations. STRENGTHS: Largest collection of all-payer, uniform, state-based inpatient and ambulatory surgery administrative data. LIMITATIONS: Lacks clinical detail (e.g., stage of disease, vital statistics) and laboratory and pharmacy data. Ability to track patients across time and setting varies by state. ACCESS TO DATA: Access available to all users who sign and abide by the Data Use Agreement. Application kits available at www.ahrq.gov/data/hcup. HCUPnet, an on-line interactive query tool, allows access to data without purchase (www.ahrq. gov/data/hcup/hcupnet.htm).  (+info)

(8/367) Investigation of multistate foodborne disease outbreaks.

The U.S. food supply is characterized increasingly by centralized production and wide distribution of products, and more foodborne disease outbreaks are dispersed over broad geographic areas. Such outbreaks may present as a gradual, diffuse, and initially unapparent increase in sporadic cases. Recognition and reporting by clinicians and local public health officials and the ordering of laboratory tests by clinicians continue to be cornerstones of detecting all outbreaks. New methods--such as active laboratory-based surveillance, automated algorithms for detecting increases in infection rates, and molecular subtyping--facilitate detection of diffuse outbreaks. Routines have evolved for the investigation of multistate outbreaks; they are characterized by rapid communication between local, state, and federal public health officials; timely review of epidemiologic data by expert panels; collaboration on tracebacks with food safety regulatory agencies; and communication with the public and media. Rapid, efficient investigation of multistate outbreaks may result in control of acute public health emergencies, identification and correction of hazardous food production and processing practices, and consequent improvement in food safety.  (+info)



  • surveillance
  • Modern public health practice has required the development and use of information technology to link together a variety of surveillance activities, development and use of standards that support public surveillance and the use of the Internet for the dissemination and generation of information. (biohealthmatics.com)
  • Responding to these issues, Disease Surveillance brings together fifteen eminent researchers in the fields of medicine, epidemiology, biostatistics, and medical informatics to define the necessary elements of an effective disease surveillance program, including research, development, implementation, and operations. (wiley.com)
  • The surveillance systems and techniques presented in the text are designed to best utilize modern technology, manage emerging public health threats, and adapt to environmental changes. (wiley.com)
  • Part One sets forth the informatics knowledge needed to implement a disease surveillance system, including a discussion of data sources currently used in syndromic surveillance systems. (wiley.com)
  • Part Two provides case studies of modern disease surveillance systems, including cases that highlight implementation and operational difficulties as well as the successes experienced by health departments in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia. (wiley.com)
  • Part Three addresses practical issues concerning the evaluation of disease surveillance systems and the education of future informatics and disease surveillance practitioners. (wiley.com)
  • This book's multidisciplinary approach is ideal for public health professionals who need to understand all the facets within a disease surveillance program and implement the technology needed to support surveillance activities. (wiley.com)
  • Individuals, care providers, and public health agencies can all benefit as we reshape public health through the adoption of new infor- tion systems, use of electronic methods for disease surveillance, and refor- tion of outmoded processes. (ebooks.com)
  • 1 Moreover, thanks to the Affordable Care Act, more than 90% of Americans now have health insurance, meaning we now have the opportunity to have a clinical record of our care experience that can support longitudinal follow-up and improved population-level surveillance. (lww.com)
  • In light of the vast problem of existing and emerging resistance, I chose to address surveillance of antibiotic prescribing practices and antibiotic threats as my project for my Informatics-Training in Place Program (I-TIPP) fellowship. (cste.org)
  • The infoveillance detects disease outbreaks quicker than traditional public health surveillance systems with the minimal cost involved, revealing the promising results for the future surveillance methodologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workgroup
  • She is also a member of the Public Policy Committee and the Public Health Informatics Workgroup of the American Medical Informatics Association. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC), and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) kicked off the FDASIA workgroup of the HITPC to provide stakeholder input into a report on a risk-based regulatory framework that promotes safety and innovation and reduces regulatory duplication, consistent with section 618 of FDASIA. (wikipedia.org)
  • This provision permitted the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to form a workgroup in order to obtain broad stakeholder input from across the health care, IT, patients and innovation spectrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • centers
  • The centers will be located at Harvard Pilgrim Health Care in Massachusetts, Indiana University, the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Utah. (information-management.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) held the government's first hybrid event on August 21-24, 2011, with the introduction of an immersive virtual version of the Public Health Informatics conference, (an in-person event held at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta hotel). (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on an often-cited 2008 report on a small series of studies conducted at four sites that provide ambulatory care - three U.S. medical centers and one in the Netherlands - the use of electronic health records (EHRs) was viewed as the most promising tool for improving the overall quality, safety and efficiency of the health delivery system. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • In March 2002, he emigrated to Canada[citation needed] and since then has been senior scientist at the Centre for Global eHealth Innovation at the University Health Network[citation needed] (Toronto, Ontario, Canada), and associate professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation at the University of Toronto. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • Health informatics may not trend on social media or make the front page the same way other high-tech medical advances like robot-assisted surgery or neuroprosthesis do, but its contributions are no less impactful. (publichealthonline.org)
  • Medical and public health professionals could use such a database as a decision-support software tool. (mdpi.com)
  • It is also possible that a device carried by an unconscious person may not be their own, or not be up to date, with concomitant risks to health and legal liability of medical personnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • He attended medical school at the University of Washington, where he became interested in public health while working "after school and on Saturdays" at the Seattle-King County Health Department. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similar to the fields of public health and global health, global radiology draws on and encourages collaboration with nonmedical specialties relevant to disease patterns and the provision of medical services, including economic development, biomedical technology, engineering and social sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health information technology (HIT) was promoted for management and secure exchange of medical information among researchers, health care providers, and consumers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trained in both political science and epidemiology, he has published in medical journals including Journal of the American Medical Association, JAMA Internal Medicine, American Journal of Public Health, and American Journal of Preventive Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The school encompasses both a medical program, offering the doctor of medicine, and graduate programs, offering doctor of philosophy and master's degrees in several areas of biomedical science, clinical research, medical education, and medical informatics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Segun Toyin Dawodu (born October 13, 1960 in Nigeria) is currently an Attending Interventional Physiatrist with the WellSpan Health, and was previously an Associate Professor of Pain Medicine at Albany Medical College. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is a graduate of Medicine (MD) from University of Ibadan, Nigeria, of Law from University of London/Queen Mary (LL.B and LL.M), graduate of Medical Informatics (Master of Science) from Northwestern University and a graduate of the Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School with an MBA. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is board certified in the medical specialties of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Pain Medicine, Sports Medicine, Clinical informatics, Spinal Cord Injury Medicine and Electrodiagnostic Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fellow of the American Academy of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine, Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health, Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, Member of the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management, and Member/Diplomate of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health informatics tools include amongst others computers, clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October 2011 American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), the organization overseeing the certification of specialist MDs in the United States, announced the creation of MD-only physician certification in clinical informatics. (wikipedia.org)
  • S. N. Roy is presently being survived by his son Subir Roy who is an MD, Obstetrician & Gynecologist, Reproductive Endocrinologist at the LAC+USC Medical Center, LA, and his daughter Sunanda R. McGarvey who works at the National Center of Public Health Informatics, CDC in Washington, DC. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to an article published in the International Journal of Medical Informatics, health information sharing between patients and providers helps to improve diagnosis, promotes self care, and patients also know more information about their health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies in Europe evaluating electronic health information poses a threat to electronic medical records and exchange of personal information. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical Informatics' is the application of computer technology to medicine such as health care, medical research and medical teaching. (wikipedia.org)
  • capacities
  • Yet, the work of the researchers in this issue of the Journal of Public Health Management & Practice has shown that while LHDs are increasing their capacities in receiving and storing primary health data electronically, 4 many gaps remain in order for LHDs to make the most of digitized health data. (lww.com)
  • researchers
  • Today's public health problems are much larger in scope than those Dr. Snow faced, and researchers today depend on modern GIS and other computer mapping applications to assist in their analyses. (wikipedia.org)
  • today's
  • When considering the state of antibiotic resistance proliferation in today's health care landscape, the words "The Bugs are Fighting Back! (cste.org)
  • Systems
  • History and Significance of Information Systems and Public Health John R. Lumpkin, MD, MPHChapter 3. (ebooks.com)
  • Health informatics is broad, encompassing everything from clinical documentation to system design and implementation to provider order entry systems. (publichealthonline.org)
  • 1998) Systems of Accountability: Implementing Children's Health Insurance Programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article presents some history of use of geographic information and geographic information systems in public health application areas, provides some examples showing the utilization of GIS techniques in solving specific public health problems, and finally addresses several potential issues arising from increased use of these GIS techniques in the public health arena. (wikipedia.org)
  • It supports health information management across computerized systems and the secure exchange of health information between consumers, providers, payers, and quality monitors. (wikipedia.org)
  • For HIT, technology represents computers and communications attributes that can be networked to build systems for moving health information. (wikipedia.org)
  • Informatics refers to the science of information, the practice of information processing, and the engineering of information systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coordinator
  • For example, seven out of 10 hospitals in the U.S. are now able to provide patients with the ability to access their own health information electronically-that's a nearly seven-fold increase since 2013, according to the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT. (publichealthonline.org)
  • technology
  • Indiana University will research bringing public health to the point of care via information technology and enhancing basic infrastructure to support public health. (information-management.com)
  • Public health informatics has been defined as the systematic application of information and computer science and technology to public health practice, research, and learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • and others ) Since the beginning of the World Wide Web, public health agencies with sufficient information technology resources have been transitioning to web-based collection of public health data, and, more recently, to automated messaging of the same information. (wikipedia.org)
  • The revolution in information technology challenges every sector of the health enterprise. (ebooks.com)
  • Ethics, Information Technology, and Public Health: Duties and Challenges in Computational Epidemiology Kenneth W. Goodman, PhD Part III. (ebooks.com)
  • Systematic application of information and computer science and technology to pubic health practice, research and learning. (powershow.com)
  • While just 10 years ago the health system largely relied on paper, today nearly all hospitals and three-fourths of office-based physicians are using certified electronic health records (EHRs), in part, as a result of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act of 2009. (lww.com)
  • But this new and quickly evolving digitally supported learning health system provides local health departments (LHDs) with an exciting opportunity to harness the power of data and technology in ways previously thought to be impossible. (lww.com)
  • In the most fundamental sense, health informatics is the process of making use of technology to organize and make sense out of data in a way that can actually improve patient care- and the outcome of that care. (publichealthonline.org)
  • The academic component of global radiology involves the study of obstacles to obtaining access to imaging services and technology, and research on efforts to improve global health through radiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The initiative was developed by the National Cancer Institute (part of the National Institutes of Health) and was maintained by the Center for Biomedical Informatics and Information Technology (CBIIT). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a multidisciplinary field that uses health information technology (HIT) to improve health care via any combination of higher quality, higher efficiency (spurring lower cost and thus greater availability), and new opportunities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinicians collaborate with other health care and information technology professionals to develop health informatics tools which promote patient care that is safe, efficient, effective, timely, patient-centered, and equitable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health informatics (PHI) is an emerging specialty which focuses on the application of information science and technology to public health practice and research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health information technology (HIT) is information technology applied to health and health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk-based regulatory framework for health IT September 4, 2013 the Health IT Policy Committee (HITPC) accepted and approved recommendations from the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) working group for a risk-based regulatory framework for health information technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • HIMSS Good Informatics Practices-GIP is aligned with FDA risk-based regulatory framework for health information technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professionals
  • Informatics Competencies for Public Health Professionals. (cdc.gov)
  • The goal is to address decision support needs for public health professionals engaged in disease control. (information-management.com)
  • Public health professionals explore the potential for prevention at all vulnerable points in the causal chains leading to disease, injury, or disability public health activities are not restricted to particular social, behavioral, or environmental contexts. (powershow.com)
  • She and her MediaVision partner, Charles Fulwood, collaborated on an online multimedia course on emergency preparedness communications for the Johns Hopkins Center for Public Health Preparedness, as well as a primer for health professionals on strategic communications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today the GIP peer-review and published modules are widely used as a tool for educating Health IT professionals. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • To promote interoperability, the CDC has encouraged the adoption in public health data exchange of several standard vocabularies and messaging formats from the health care world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since about 2005, the CDC has promoted the idea of the Public Health Information Network to facilitate the transmission of data from various partners in the health care industry and elsewhere (hospitals, clinical and environmental laboratories, doctors' practices, pharmacies) to local health agencies, then to state health agencies, and then to the CDC. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2 Looking forward, we can clearly envision a health care landscape where data are abundant and flowing and used to guide care delivery decisions-a learning health system described in our Nationwide Interoperability Roadmap. (lww.com)
  • Electronically accessible health care information can help empower local public health officers and their teams to serve as chief health strategists for their communities. (lww.com)
  • The online MS in Health Informatics gives you the skills to make informed, data-driven decisions that keep patients' health at the center of their care. (publichealthonline.org)
  • The Affordable Care Act has played an important roll in influencing the scope of health informatics and how it is used. (publichealthonline.org)
  • Although this data references only acute care hospitals, antibiotic stewardship is needed across the health care spectrum. (cste.org)
  • According to The Pew Charitable Trusts (PCT), common inappropriate uses of antibiotics in health care are for asthma, allergies, bronchitis, middle ear infections, influenza, viral pneumonia and viral upper respiratory infections. (cste.org)
  • These workshops focused on the NHSN and Emerging Infectious Disease, which are an integral part of Louisiana's health care-associated infections activities. (cste.org)
  • UPMC is considered a leading American health care provider, as its flagship facilities have ranked in the U.S. News & World Report "Honor Roll" of the approximately 15 to 20 best hospitals in America for over a decade. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the IOM, she directed studies on health insurance and access to care and provided testimony on children's coverage to the U.S. Senate Finance Committee and the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998) America's Children: Health Insurance and Access to Care. (wikipedia.org)
  • The FDA, ONC, and FCC actively participated in these discussions with stakeholders from across the health care, IT, patients and innovation spectrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evaluation of health care based on value enabled by the collection of de-identified price and quality information that can be compared. (wikipedia.org)
  • hospitals
  • Plans were made to house the Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy in a new building contiguous to the principal teaching hospitals and the Graduate School of Public Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Challenges
  • Three major challenges specific to population informatics are: Preserving privacy of the subjects of the data - due to increasing concerns of privacy and confidentiality sharing or exchanging sensitive data about the subjects across different organizations is often not allowed. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • Harvard Pilgrim will study personally controlled health records and social networks, and electronic support for public health to treat diabetes. (information-management.com)
  • At Barcamp events, all attendees are encouraged to share information and experiences of the event via public web channels including blogs, photo sharing, social bookmarking, Twitter, wikis, and IRC. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary goal of population informatics is to increase the understanding of social processes by developing and applying computationally intensive techniques to the social genome data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides population informatics, it also includes complex simulations of social phenomena. (wikipedia.org)