Programmed Instruction as Topic: Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Reinforcement, Verbal: Use of word stimulus to strengthen a response during learning.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Generalization (Psychology): The phenomenon of an organism's responding to all situations similar to one in which it has been conditioned.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Education of Intellectually Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.Programmed InstructionWriting: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.ManikinsEducation of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Nurses' InstructionEducation, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Role Playing: The adopting or performing the role of another significant individual in order to gain insight into the behavior of that person.Videodisc Recording: The storing of visual and usually sound signals on discs for later reproduction on a television screen or monitor.ReadingEducation, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Library Science: Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Answering Services: Communication services provided by a person or a machine to record and relay the message from the caller.Libraries, MedicalDentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Remedial Teaching: Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Eye Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Aptitude: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Set (Psychology): Readiness to think or respond in a predetermined way when confronted with a problem or stimulus situation.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.CD-ROM: An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.IllinoisEmergency Medical Service Communication Systems: The use of communication systems, such as telecommunication, to transmit emergency information to appropriate providers of health services.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Prescription Drugs: Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Sign Language: A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Pathology, Oral: A dental specialty concerned with pathology of the oral cavity.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)United StatesCommunication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Nonverbal Communication: Transmission of emotions, ideas, and attitudes between individuals in ways other than the spoken language.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.ComputersHealth Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Neuroanatomy: Study of the anatomy of the nervous system as a specialty or discipline.Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Psychology, Experimental: The branch of psychology which seeks to learn more about the fundamental causes of behavior by studying various psychologic phenomena in controlled experimental situations.Computer User Training: Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.Feedback, Psychological: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Medication Errors: Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.MEDLARS: A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations: A private, voluntary, not-for-profit organization which establishes standards for the operation of health facilities and services, conducts surveys, and awards accreditation.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Patient Discharge: The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.First Aid: Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.Librarians: Specialists in the management of a library or the services rendered by a library, bringing professional skills to administration, organization of material and personnel, interpretation of bibliothecal rules, the development and maintenance of the library's collection, and the provision of information services.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Practice (Psychology): Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Exhibits as Topic: Discussions, descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives: The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via exposure to light.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Retention (Psychology): The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.Mainstreaming (Education): Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Dentin-Bonding Agents: Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.Volition: Voluntary activity without external compulsion.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Dyslexia: A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Self-Evaluation Programs: Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.Imagery (Psychotherapy): The use of mental images produced by the imagination as a form of psychotherapy. It can be classified by the modality of its content: visual, verbal, auditory, olfactory, tactile, gustatory, or kinesthetic. Common themes derive from nature imagery (e.g., forests and mountains), water imagery (e.g., brooks and oceans), travel imagery, etc. Imagery is used in the treatment of mental disorders and in helping patients cope with other diseases. Imagery often forms a part of HYPNOSIS, of AUTOGENIC TRAINING, of RELAXATION TECHNIQUES, and of BEHAVIOR THERAPY. (From Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, vol. 4, pp29-30, 1994)Information Literacy: The ability to recognize when information is needed and to locate, evaluate, and use the needed information effectively.Suggestion: The uncritical acceptance of an idea or plan of action.Behavior Control: Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Curing Lights, Dental: Light sources used to activate polymerization of light-cured DENTAL CEMENTS and DENTAL RESINS. Degree of cure and bond strength depends on exposure time, wavelength, and intensity of the curing light.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Communication Barriers: Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Transfer (Psychology): Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Medical Record Administrators: Individuals professionally qualified in the management of patients' records. Duties may include planning, designing, and managing systems for patient administrative and clinical data, as well as patient medical records. The concept includes medical record technicians.TennesseeDental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Nebulizers and Vaporizers: Devices that cause a liquid or solid to be converted into an aerosol (spray) or a vapor. It is used in drug administration by inhalation, humidification of ambient air, and in certain analytical instruments.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Language Therapy: Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Association Learning: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Respiratory Therapy: Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.

*  Essentials of accounting (Book, 1964) [WorldCat.org]

Programmed instructional materials. Programmed instruction. Additional Physical Format:. Online version:. Anthony, Robert N. ( ... schema:genre "Programmed instructional materials"@en ;. schema:inLanguage "en" ;. schema:isPartOf programed_text> ; # An Addison-Wesley programed text. schema: ... schema:name "An Addison-Wesley programed text" ;. ..
worldcat.org/title/essentials-of-accounting/oclc/254843

*  Patent US5025809 - Recording, digital stethoscope for identifying PCG signatures - Google Patents

Programmed instructions may be stored in EEROM 82. Again, audio output of the recorded phonocardiographic heart sounds of the ... Plug 26 in housing 20 provides means for transmitting recorded data from and instructions to stethoscope 10 through appropriate ... Computer/display unit 30 includes keyboard 32 for inputting data and controlling instructions into the computer. Keyboard 32 ... Additional identifying data and controlling instructions may be provided to microprocessor 90 through keyboard 32 and keyboard ...
google.com/patents/US5025809?dq=6,910,205

*  Books - Medicine - Terkko Navigator

Pharmacokinetics, Pharmaceutical Preparations, Programmed Instruction, sähkökirjat. Spruill, William J;Blouin, Robert A;DiPiro ... Pharmacy technicians, Pharmaceutical Services, Pharmacists' Aides, Pharmacy, Programmed Instruction, Examinations, Outlines and ...
https://terkko.helsinki.fi/pharmacology-and-pharmacotherapy/books

*  Patent US5601436 - Apparatus and method for generating and presenting an audiovisual lesson plan - Google Patents

Signal transmission system for transmitting programed information such as programed instruction. US4000510 *. Jun 2, 1975. Dec ... It can readily be appreciated that the command-entering system is programmed to await a numerical entry after the selection of ... System for control of a video storage means by a programmed processor. ... and remotely controlled in a programmed order predefined by the user. ...
google.com/patents/US5601436?dq=7,298,851

*  Patente US3508344 - Reversible concealed image device and method of use - Google Patentes

The combination described makes possible programmed instruction and testing materially to enhance the learning process and ... Upon evaporation of the water, the window becomes closed and the printed or written material on the underlying instruction or ... During this period, the user can see and receive instructions or immediate responses to his choices on curriculurn material, ... an opaque covering sheet 10 is obtained which is thin and highly flexible and capable of assembly over an instruction sheet 20 ...
google.es/patents/US3508344

*  Patent US7130688 - Pace counter isolation for cardiac resynchronization pacing - Google Patents

The controller 10 controls the overall operation of the device in accordance with programmed instructions stored in memory. The ... the pacing mode may be programmed to ignore the SCPP during the triggered pace. Alternatively, the mode may be programmed such ... This indicates that the LRL setting is inappropriately programmed in order for the pacing rate to be controlled by intrinsic ... Most pacemakers for treating bradycardia today are therefore programmed to operate synchronously in a so-called demand mode ...
google.com/patents/US7130688?dq=6175559

*  Memorial University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations 1

social sciences -- study and teaching (elementary) -- newfoundland and labrador social sciences -- programmed instruction ...
collections.mun.ca/cdm/search/collection/theses/searchterm/interaction/field/all/mode/any/conn/and/cosuppress/

*  Content Collection

... programmed instruction, and new school curricula prepared by experts in the disciplines. Now, the slogans are "excellence," " ... Designing Problem-Driven Instruction with Online Social Media. by Kay Kyeung-Ju Seo & Debra A. Pellegrino (eds.). reviwed by ... its focus is on a minimal level of instruction that will introduce the masses to the ubiquitous computer and enable them to ... classes for five years provides one of the longest-lived and most thoroughly-documented cases of web-enhanced instruction. We ...
tcrecord.org/ContentCollection.asp?cid=76

*  Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials - Wikisource, the free online...

materials for programmed instruction, which may be presented in kit form, with the corresponding printed materials, including ... materials for programmed instruction, which may be presented in kit form, with the corresponding printed materials, including ... Pursuant to UN Administrative Instruction ST/AI/189/Add.9/Rev.2 available in English only, these documents are in the public ...
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Protocol_to_the_Agreement_on_the_Importation_of_Educational,_Scientific_and_Cultural_Materials

*  Patent US6514189 - Centrifugal separation method for separating fluid components - Google Patents

The controller 89 may include a computer having programmed instructions provided by a ROM or RAM as is commonly known in the ... Brief Operating Instructions, Fresenius MT AS 104 blood cell separator, 4/6.90(OP).. ...
google.ca/patents/US6514189

*  The Dangers of Statin Drugs (Part 1 of 3)

... ensuring that the cells respond correctly to genetically programmed instruction. Thus statin drugs can lead to unpredictable ...
https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2004/07/21/amp/statin-drugs-part-four.aspx

*  Full text of "Commencement"

... and Forgetting which are a Function ol Time Needed to Reach Criterion in a Learning Program Using Programmed Instruction lor ... Awarded to • • Walter M. Washabaugh George M. Reiley Award to the member of the Flight Instruction Program showing the highest ... Virginia) Education - Industrial Art: An Experiment Using A Visual Method of Instruction Followed by Imita- tion to Teach ... Maryland) Education-Secondary: A Feasibility Study of Tutorial Type Computer Assisted Instruction in Selected Topics in High ...
archive.org/stream/commencement1972univ/commencement1972univ_djvu.txt

*  Creation, Mutation, and Variation | The Institute for Creation Research

He is the senior author of several programmed instruction textbooks in biology. ...
icr.org/article/171/

*  Patent US6665687 - Composite user interface and search system for internet and multimedia ... - Google Patents

... and in implementing the search and navigation functions may be performed in whole or in part within the programmed instructions ... Controller 30 executes preprogrammed instructions constituting an operating system. In executing the instructions, controller ...
google.com/patents/US6665687?dq=7,752,326

*  Patent US20030003220 - Coating a medical appliance with a bubble jet printing head - Google Patents

The pre-programmed instructions or other retained data may be unique to each medical appliance and may account for the unique ... The computer readable medium storing instructions of claim 45. , the instructions when executed further comprising: instructing ... The storage media 36 may be in communication with the processor 32 and may be used to store and provide instructions for the ... The storage media 36 may also hold unique instruction sets for many different medical appliances or may be provided with a ...
google.com/patents/US20030003220?dq=6,666,377

*  Patent US6247040 - Method and structure for automated switching between multiple contexts in a ... - Google Patents

The methods may be implemented as programmed instructions within CPU 102, or, as shown, as custom circuits and logic within the ... one of ordinary skill may determine that particular functions may be implemented flexibly in programmed instructions within CPU ... When the programmed inactive context is swapped with the active context, the DMA will then begin operation on the new read or ... Any transfer request must be programmed into a context by the CPU 102 or the host channel interface 108 of the controller 101 ...
google.com.au/patents/US6247040

*  Molecular technique advances soybean rust resistanc... ( A new tool is available to select fo...)

New molecular robot can be programmed to follow instructions. 9. Molecular mechanism contributing to neuronal circuit formation ...
bio-medicine.org/biology-news-1/Molecular-technique-advances-soybean-rust-resistance-research-19322-1/

*  US Patent # 6,769,066. Method and apparatus for training a neural network model for use in computer network intrusion...

A computer-readable medium containing programmed instructions arranged to train a model for use in a computer network intrusion ... A computer-readable medium containing programmed instructions arranged to train a model for use in a computer network intrusion ... It can also store programming instructions and data, in the form of a message store in addition to other data and instructions ... the computer-readable medium including programmed instructions for: selecting a feature; retrieving a plurality of normal- ...
patents.com/us-6769066.html

*  Medtronic SynchroMed II Infusion Pumps

SynchroMed II is an implantable device that delivers medication into the intrathecal space according to instructions programmed ...
https://ashcraftandgerel.com/practice-areas/dangerouspharmaceuticals-and-medical-devices/medtronic-synchromed-ii-infusion-pumps/

*  Patent US20070238288 - Method for integrating a conformal ruthenium layer into copper metallization ... - Google Patents

... for holding instructions programmed according to the teachings of the invention and for containing data structures, tables, ... Such instructions may be read into the controller memory from another computer readable medium, such as a hard disk or a ... For example, the instructions may initially be carried on a magnetic disk of a remote computer. The remote computer can load ... In one embodiment of the invention, the controller 380 can be programmed through a program stored in the memory of the ...
google.com/patents/US20070238288?dq=6859936

*  The Miracle of the Human Genome | Meridian Magazine

Pratt The human genome contains the programmed codes of life which may be surprisingly ... In this example, the software is programmed to use instructions of the Intel Pentium chip. ... The human genome contains the programmed codes of life which may be surprisingly similar to modern computer programs. Now that ... One scientist said that for the first time we can now read "our own instruction book. Today, we celebrate the revelation of the ...
https://ldsmag.com/article-1-5465/

*  Hyperlipid: Adipotide and the Bad Fat

... and it is operating as it was genetically formed with the instructions programmed. ...
high-fat-nutrition.blogspot.com/2011/11/adipotide-and-bad-fat.html?showComment=1321951745547

*  Evolution is "Humanism Dressed Up in a Lab Coat"

"About that time, I got a copy in the mail of the first book I ever wrote, a programmed science instruction book called DNA: The ...
https://wayoflife.org/reports/evolution_is_humanism_dressed_up.html

*  Patent US20020140741 - Graphical user interface for procuring telecommunications services on-line - Google Patents

... the computer system 701 includes at least one computer readable medium or memory for holding instructions programmed according ... In such a scenario, the remote computer loads the instructions into main memory and sends the instructions, for example, over a ... The bus conveys the data to main memory, from which a processor retrieves and executes the instructions. The instructions ... 7) may be programmed to perform the functions performed by, for example, the devices 314 a and 316 a shown in FIG. 3. On the ...
google.com/patents/US20020140741?dq=6317900

*  Kim's take on Emotional Behavior Disorders: February 2010

Provide direct instruction, programmed learning, and precision teaching lessons. These will build students' self-confidence ... Come in go to your area and talk quietly with table partners until instruction begins. 12. How many students in the classroom ... Attention: Does the teacher gain the attention of the students prior to instruction? L M H A consistent and clear attention ... Unexpected intrusions are minimized with an emphasis on returning to instruction. 1 2 ~ 3 Down-time (including transitions) is ...
kimsebd.blogspot.com/2010/02/

Kiten (program)Reprimand: A reprimand is a severe, formal or official reproof. Reprimanding takes in different forms in different legal systems.Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Universal law of generalization: The universal law of generalization is a theory of cognition originally posited by Roger Shepard. According to it, the probability that a response to one stimulus will be generalized to another will be a function of the distance between the two stimuli.Life writing: Life writing is the recording of selves, memories, and experiences, whether one's own or another's. This applies to many genres and practices, under which can be found autobiography, biography, memoir, diaries, letters, testimonies, personal essays and, more recently, digital forms such as blogs and email.Slab serif: In typography, a slab serif (also called mechanistic, square serif, antique or Egyptian) typeface is a type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs. Serif terminals may be either blunt and angular (Rockwell), or rounded (Courier).Online patient education: Online Patient Education also known as Online Patient Engagement is a method of providing medical information and education to patients using Learning Management Systems delivered through the Internet.Evaluation of bariatric Centers of Excellence Web sites for functionality and efficacy.Virtual microscope: The Virtual Microscope project is an initiative to make micromorphology and behavior of some small organisms available online. Images are from Antarctica and the Baltic Sea and available at no cost.LaerdalInternational Deaf Education Association: The International Deaf Education Association (IDEA) is an organization focused on educating the deaf in Bohol, Philippines initiated by the United States Peace Corps, under the leadership of Dennis Drake. The organization is a non-profit establishment that provides education to the impoverished and neglected deaf and blind children in the Philippines.Murder of Robert Schwartz: The murder of Robert Schwartz occurred on December 8, 2001 in Leesburg, Virginia. The crime was orchestrated by his 20-year-old daughter, Clara Jane Schwartz, as part of a fantasy role-playing game.User operation prohibition: The user operation prohibition (abbreviated UOP) is a form of use restriction used on video DVD discs and Blu-ray discs. Most DVD players and Blu-ray players prohibit the viewer from performing a large majority of actions during sections of a DVD that are protected or restricted by this feature, and will display the no symbol or a message to that effect if any of these actions are attempted.Spalding MethodAlexander Walker (physiologist): Alexander Walker (1779—1852) was a Scottish physiologist, aesthetician, encyclopaedist, translator, novelist, and journalist.DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research: Divya Jyoti (DJ) College of Dental Sciences and Research is a dental college located in Modinagar in the nagar panchayat of Niwari in Ghaziabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The founder and chairman is Ajit Singh Jassar.Josse de Corte: [Court Altare S. Maria della Salute.Graphic facilitation: Graphic Facilitation is the use of large scale imagery to lead groups and individuals towards a goal. The method is used in various processes such as meetings, seminars, workshops and conferences.David S. Cafiso: David S. Cafiso (born 18 March 1952) is an American biochemist and a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Virginia.Realia (library science): Realia}}University of Sydney Library: The University of Sydney Library is the library system of the University of Sydney. According to its publications, it is the largest academic library in the southern hemisphere (circa 2005), with a print collection of over 5.Mexican ironwood carvings: Mexican ironwood carvings is a handcraft that began with the Seri indigenous people of the state of Sonora. The wood comes from Olneya tesota, a Sonora Desert tree commonly called ironwood (palo fierro in Spanish).Leiden International Medical Student ConferenceVideo tape tracking: In a video tape recorder, tracking is a calibration adjustment which ensures that the spinning playback head is properly aligned with the helical scan signal written onto the tape.Special education in the United Kingdom: 'Special Educational Needs' is an umbrella term for an aspect of UK school education focusing on students primarily with learning difficulties and/or disability. In school documents, it is abbreviated to 'SEN' / 'SEND' – these abbreviations are also used in Commonwealth countries such as Australia and Singapore.Prosection: A prosection is the dissection of a cadaver (human or animal) or part of a cadaver by an experienced anatomist in order to demonstrate for students anatomic structure."Prosection.Temporal feedbackRvs Eyewear: RVS Eyewear was launched in 2006 as the first eyewear brand to be based out of Istanbul, Turkey. Its founder, Vidal Erkohen, founded this company with a goal of bringing back the quality and originality that was put into the eyewear of the past.Antenor Orrego Private UniversityVocabulary mismatch: Vocabulary mismatch is a common phenomenon in the usage of natural languages, occurring when different people name the same thing or concept differently.Migratory aptitude: Migratory aptitude is the relative ability of a migrating group to migrate in a rearrangement reaction. This can be affected by the leaving group (whichever gives a more stable carbocation)depends upon the electron density of the migrating group i.Atlantic University: Atlantic University is private, distance education institution of higher and continuing education in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It is associated with Edgar Cayce's Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.ExploreLearning: Explore Learning is a Charlottesville, Virginia-based company which operates a large library of interactive online simulations for mathematics and science education in grades 3–12. These simulations are called Gizmos.Spaced retrieval: Spaced retrieval, also known as expanded retrieval or uniform retrieval, is a learning technique, which requires users to rehearse information to be learned at different and increasing spaced intervals of time or a set uniform amount of time.Haslam, C.Footprints (poem): "Footprints", also known as "Footprints in the Sand", is a popular allegorical text written in prose.Cue stick: A cue stick (or simply cue, more specifically pool cue, snooker cue, or billiards cue), is an item of sporting equipment essential to the games of pool, snooker and carom billiards. It is used to strike a ball, usually the .Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology: The Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology is a Polish scientific research organization and a part of Polish Academy of Sciences headquartered in Warsaw, Poland. Founded in 1918, it is a leading institution in the country in the field of neurobiology, molecular biology and biochemistry.Task switching (psychology): Task switching, or set-shifting, is an executive function and a kind of cognitive flexibility that involves the ability to shift attention between one task and another. This ability allows a person to rapidly and efficiently adapt to different situations.Cassidy Live!KamaladalamCigarette smoking among college students: The rates of college students smoking in the United States have fluctuated for the past twenty years. Majority of lifelong smokers begin smoking habits before the age of 24, which makes the college years a crucial time in the study of cigarette consumption.Internet organizations: This is a list of Internet organizations, or organizations that play or played a key role in the evolution of the Internet by developing recommendations, standards, and technology; deploying infrastructure and services; and addressing other major issues.Southern Illinois University School of Dental Medicine: Southern Illinois University School of Dental Medicine is an academic unit of Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (SIUE) located in Alton, Illinois, USA, in the Greater St. Louis area.Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch SystemGary H. Posner: Gary H. Posner (born c.Reproductive life plan: A reproductive life plan is a plan for whether, when and how to have children. It includes personal goals, and states how to achieve them.Information hypothesis of conditioned reinforcementList of medical schools in the United KingdomKa'apor Sign Language: Urubu Sign Language (also known as Urubu–Ka'apor or Ka'apor Sign Language) is a village sign language used by the small community of Ka'apor people in the state of Maranhão. Linguist Jim Kakumasu observed in 1968 that the number of deaf people in the community was 7 out of a population of 500.Visual 1050Virtual trainingJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: The Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology is a peer-reviewed open access medical journal published on behalf of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. The journal publishes articles on the subject of dentistry, oral pathology, and maxillofacial surgery.The great imitator: The Great Imitator is a phrase used for medical conditions that feature nonspecific symptoms and may be confused with a number of other diseases.J.The Republican War on Science: The Republican War on Science is a 2005 book by Chris C. Mooney, an American journalist who focuses on the politics of science policy.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingDental Schools Council: The Dental Schools Council represents the interests of UK dental schools as it relates to national health, wealth, knowledge acquisition through teaching, research, and the profession of dentistry.Universities UK http://www.Index of physics articles (J): The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,History of communication studies: Various aspects of communication have been the subject of study since ancient times, and the approach eventually developed into the academic discipline known today as communication studies.Dyssemia: Dyssemia is a difficulty with receptive and/or expressive nonverbal communication. The word comes from the Greek roots dys (difficulty) and semia (signal).Standard evaluation frameworkCalculator: An electronic calculator is a small, portable electronic device used to perform both basic operations of arithmetic and complex mathematical operations.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Print permanence: Print permanence refers to the longevity of printed material, especially photographs, and preservation issues. Over time, the optical density, color balance, lustre, and other qualities of a print will degrade.