Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Hospitals, Private: A class of hospitals that includes profit or not-for-profit hospitals that are controlled by a legal entity other than a government agency. (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed)Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Public-Private Sector Partnerships: An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Entrepreneurship: The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Hospitals, Public: Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Hospitals, Voluntary: Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Hospitals, Proprietary: Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.IndiaHealth Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.United StatesInterinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Pharmacies: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.Health Facilities, Proprietary: Health care institutions operated by private groups or corporations for a profit.Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Healthcare Financing: Methods of generating, allocating, and using financial resources in healthcare systems.Drugs, Essential: Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Contraceptive Agents: Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.National Health Insurance, United StatesCompetitive Bidding: Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Acupuncture: The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.CambodiaEmployee Incentive Plans: Programs designed by management to motivate employees to work more efficiently with increased productivity, and greater employee satisfaction.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Artemisinins: A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Hospitals, Veterans: Hospitals providing medical care to veterans of wars.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Rwanda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.PakistanWorld Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Sri LankaVietnamBrazilOrganizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Foreign Medical Graduates: Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Zambia: A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Lactones: Cyclic esters of hydroxy carboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure. Large cyclic lactones of over a dozen atoms are MACROLIDES.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Risk Adjustment: The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)Great BritainHospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Nursing, Private Duty: The practice of nursing by a registered or licensed nurse to care for a specific patient in a health facility or in the home.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Power (Psychology): The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.AfricaOutcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Malawi: A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Drug Combinations: Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.

*  ADP: Private Sector Add 158,000 Jobs

Private-sector jobs in the U.S. rose 158,000 last month, according to payroll processor ADP. Jobless claims, meanwhile, fell by ... ADP: Private Sector Add 158,000 Jobs. 11/1/2012 11:21AM Private-sector jobs in the U.S. rose 158,000 last month, according to ... The Greta Garbo of Private Banking. 9/23/2017 12:01AM Martha Henderson has quietly built a $10 billion unit at the bank trusted ... is the private payrolls ... the peony with this checkered history with them in terms of how close they get ... to the jobs ...
wsj.com/video/adp-private-sector-add-158000-jobs/225FF3ED-3F10-4058-9158-984AA0A51D73.html?mod=BOL_article_full_video

*  Inflation pushes up private sector pay increases - Telegraph

Private sector employers are coming under increasing pressure to offer inflation-busting pay rises to staff as the economy ... Inflation pushes up private sector pay increases. Private sector employers are coming under increasing pressure to offer ... However, one in 10 companies are still pushing through pay freezes and the typical pay rise in the private sector was 2pc in ... The typical pay award for public sector staff fell to 0.8pc in the latest study, down from 1pc in the three months to April, ...
telegraph.co.uk/finance/jobs/7864341/Inflation-pushes-up-private-sector-pay-increases.html

*  DSGE is useless in the private sector.

... macroeconomic models have failed the market test and are never used in private industry even though a model ... ... Noah Smith extends the point in two ways, one by rebutting academics' most common excuse for why the private sector shuns these ... And that's, I think, what you see in the private sector's rejection of DSGE modeling. Even in the academic work, the models ... modeling that the private sector shuns, not just the freshwater variety. ...
slate.com/blogs/moneybox/2014/01/10/dsge_is_useless_in_the_private_sector.html?wpisrc=burger_bar

*  Public vs. Private Sector

The private sector covers health through private insurance ... Public and Private Sector Communications. ... example, ... Private Vs Public Sector Unions. Private Vs Public Sector Unions. Assume that you are a Human Resources. professional within ... Private sector subcontracting to privatization in the public sector. ... the whole contract with a good profit to the private ... Supply Chain Management - Private vs. Public Sector. Supply Chain Management - Private vs. Public Sector. Differentiate between ...
https://brainmass.com/business/finance/public-vs-private-sector-572954

*  Can informal health entrepreneurs help increase access to health services in rural areas? | Private Sector Development

However, the private sector is highly fragmented and the quality of services varies widely. Private health markets consist of ... eight were to the public sector and 70 to untrained private sector providers. ... a large proportion of health services is provided by the private sector, including services to the poor. ... households can access on average 7.5 private providers, 0.6 public providers and 3.04 public paramedical staff. Of those ...
blogs.worldbank.org/psd/comment/3130

*  Unions and Efficiency in Private Sector Construction: Further Evidence

Unions and Efficiency in Private Sector Construction: Further Evidence. Steven G. Allen. NBER Working Paper No. 2254. Issued in ... Published: Allen, Steven G. "Unions and Efficiency in Private Sector Construction: Further Evidence," Industrial Relations, ... construction in the early 1970's have found productivity to be higher for union than nonunion contractors in the private sector ...
nber.org/papers/w2254

*  ADP: Private Sector Employment Rose by 118,000 in November

The private sector created 118,000 jobs in November, primarily thanks to service-related jobs, a number that missed ... The private sector created 118,000 jobs in November, primarily thanks to service-related jobs, a number that missed ... ADP: Private Sector Employment Rose by 118,000 in November. Jeff Cox , @JeffCoxCNBCcom ... ADP Private Payrolls Up 118,000 in November 4:49 PM ET Wed, 5 Dec 2012. ...
https://cnbc.com/id/100279059

*  A Fruitful Combination: Private Funding, Public Know-How | | Research Highlights | Research | SNU

"I learned that the age of the public sector is fading away and the age of the private sector is coming. That is, medical ... This joint private-public venture fuses entrepreneurial ambition to academic know-how: Dr. Seo and his colleagues have made ... A Fruitful Combination: Private Funding, Public Know-How Mar. 24, 2008. 9355. ... Taking advantage of new regulations under Korean law that permitted joint public-private efforts, Professor Seo and his ...
useoul.edu/research/highlights?page=45

*  Private sector adds 179K jobs in May: ADP - MarketWatch

WASHINGTON (MarketWatch) -- Private-sector hiring slowed down in May, as employers added 179,000 jobs, Automatic Data ... Economists polled by Dow Jones Newswires had expected a May gain of 210,000 private-sector jobs, compared with an originally ... Read the full story: Private sector adds fewest jobs in four months ... which will be released Friday and covers government jobs in addition to the private sector. Economists polled by MarketWatch ...
marketwatch.com/story/private-sector-adds-179k-jobs-in-may-adp-2014-06-04-8911918?siteid=rss

*  Private Sector | UNDP

UNDP's collaboration with the private sector can take various forms:. *Facilitate discussions between public and private sector ... Private companies join UNDP's effort against Ebola. New York -- Private sector organizations have stepped up their support to ... "In UNDP and the broader UN system, we are keen to see even greater engagement of the private sector in human and sustainable ... As such, the private sector is an important strategic partner for UNDP in achieving its vision to help countries eradicate ...
undp.org/content/undp/en/home/partners/private_sector.html

*  Private Sector Should Stop Marketing Unhealthy Foods to Children, Urges Secretary-General in Message to Meeting on Non...

Private Sector Should Stop Marketing Unhealthy Foods to Children, Urges. Secretary-General in Message to Meeting on Non- ... We also called on civil society and the private sector to help us implement new policies, so the scale of the problem would not ... Private Sector Should Stop Marketing Unhealthy Foods to Children, Urges Secretary-General in Message to Meeting on Non- ... Private Sector Should Stop Marketing Unhealthy Foods to Children, Urges Secretary-General in Message to Meeting on Non- ...
un.org/press/en/2014/sgsm16013.doc.htm

*  Private Sector @ IUCN | UICN

Private Sector @ IUCN. Thu, 03 Dec 2009 IUCN's Business and Biodiversity Programme organized a four day event "Private Sector ... The event brought together IUCN staff working with the private sector and representatives from businesses interacting with IUCN ... There were 26 participants from the private sector, representing the following organizations: CEMEX, Danone, Ecosecurities, EDF ... perspectives from the private sector on options for a post 2010 target for biodiversity conservation, and inputs on strategic ...
https://iucn.org/es/node/4971

*  Private Sector Quotes - BrainyQuote

Private Sector Quotes from BrainyQuote, an extensive collection of quotations by famous authors, celebrities, and newsmakers. ... The public and private sector will continue to play a very important role. The private sector in our country has very ample ... The private sector is the key player in cyber security. Private sector companies are the primary victims of cyber intrusions. ... Jobs in the information technology sector, for example, pay 85 percent more than the private sector average. William J. Clinton ...
https://brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/private_sector.html

*  private sector | FreedomWorks

The Obama administration is fond of reminding the American public that private sector jobs have grown by 4.1% over the past 28 ... Though private sector jobs have been growing, as the President claims, this is the slowest recovery in American history. ...
freedomworks.org/tags/private-sector

*  Private sector graduates | The Mercury

While private education in the school sector enjoys a very favourable reputation, some fly-by-nights in the tertiary sector ... Private sector enterprise and its efficiencies need to be exploited by government, for by doing so more of the gaps will be ... Private sector graduates. The Mercury / 23 May 2012, 11:49am / Andrew Layman, Layman's View ... This is particularly true, I believe, in the FET sector, where there seems to be a deliberate marginalisation of private ...
https://iol.co.za/mercury/private-sector-graduates-1302912

*  private sector healthcare | Oxfam International

A new privately-run hospital supported by the World Bank's private sector arm, the IFC, is threatening to bankrupt the health ... Unregulated and unaccountable: how the private health care sector in India is putting women's lives at risk. 6 February 2013 ... due to under-investment in healthcare by the Indian government and the proliferation of private for-profit clinics. ...
https://oxfam.org/en/cultivons/category/freetags/private-sector-healthcare

*  Private sector cuts jobs in March | Reuters

Private employers unexpectedly shed jobs in March, dampening hopes about the strength of the recovery two days before the more ... was for a rise of 40,000 private-sector jobs this month. U.S. stocks were down following the ADP data and quarter-end profit- ... U.S. private employers cut 23,000 jobs in March, missing expectations for an increase in jobs, but the decline was slightly ... NEW YORK (Reuters) - Private employers unexpectedly shed jobs in March, dampening hopes about the strength of the recovery two ...
reuters.com/article/us-usa-economy-employment-adp/private-sector-cuts-jobs-in-march-idUSTRE62U2CU20100331

*  UNHCR - Associate Private Sector Partnerships Officer

http://www.unhcr.org/59cb7dac4.pdf#zoom= ...
unhcr.org/admin/jobs/59cb7dac4/associate-private-sector-partnerships-officer.html

*  AdviceUK | Private Sector

AdviceUK Consulting provides consulting services tailored to the private sector. Whether you are in financial services, ...
adviceuk.org.uk/products-and-services/consultancy/private-sector/

*  Finance & Private Sector Research - Datasets

Presents indicators of the size of the SME sector across 76 countries. ...
econ.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/EXTRESEARCH/EXTPROGRAMS/EXTFINRES/0,,contentMDK:20367320~menuPK:713352~pagePK:64168182~piPK:64168060~theSitePK:478060,00.html

*  Millions to see private sector pensions reduced - Telegraph

Millions of people with private sector retirement schemes are likely to see their pensions reduced by as much as 25 per cent ... Millions to see private sector pensions reduced. Millions of people with private sector retirement schemes are likely to see ... However, he added: "This looks like a sensible change which will align public and private sector pensions and generally reduce ... It follows the Chancellor's announcement in the emergency Budget that most public sector pensions would be linked to CPI, which ...
telegraph.co.uk/finance/personalfinance/pensions/7880179/Millions-to-see-private-sector-pensions-reduced.html

*  PRIVATE SECTOR; Basses Wild! - The New York Times

Business Day , PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR; Basses Wild!. By JANE WOLFE. NOV. 21, 1999. ... Lee and Ramona Bass, perhaps the most private members of a very private family, support more down-to-earth, even down-home, ... Bass, the zoo co-chair since 1989, was convinced that if run with private funds, it could thrive. Her recent $12 million came ...
nytimes.com/1999/11/21/business/private-sector-basses-wild.html?src=pm

*  Star Trek (2009) / Headscratchers - TV Tropes

And this is the core sector of the Federation, the one with Earth and Vulcan in it. Why would there be large chunkos of ... Jimmy Stewart (yes, that Jimmy Stewart) went from Private to Colonel in four years, a rise that's considered extremely rapid. ... The starships nearby in the sector are the only starships you have available to respond to an emergency right away. ... in private. To the rest of the world he still maintained a cold facade like the other vulcans do and I don't think he'd be ...
tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Headscratchers/StarTrek2009

*  See more

Through our participation in trade associations, voluntary and public-private partnerships, we track developing climate change ... EPA also ranked us 15th in its top 20 largest green power purchasers within the sector. ... recognized Xerox as being among the nation's top purchasers of green power in the technology and telecom sector. Green power is ...
https://xerox.com/corporate-citizenship/2013/sustainability/environmental-impact/enna.html

*  HIV & AIDS Information :: HATIP #98, 21st December 2007 - Managing meningitis in people with HIV in resource-limited settings:...

... on dual therapy through the private health system as the ARV treatment was not yet available in the public health sector. ... guidelines on the management of cryptococcal meningitis preclude the provision of anti-fungal agents in the public sector free- ...
aidsmap.com/Managing-meningitis-in-people-with-HIV-in-resource-limited-settings-a-clinical-review/page/1256395/

Private healthcareJessie McPherson Private HospitalPrivatization in criminal justice: Privatization in criminal justice refers to a shift to private ownership and control of criminal justice services.Public-Private Investment Program for Legacy Assets: On March 23, 2009, the United States Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Federal Reserve, and the United States Treasury Department announced the Public-Private Investment Program for Legacy Assets. The program is designed to provide liquidity for so-called "toxic assets" on the balance sheets of financial institutions.Lucas paradox: In economics, the Lucas paradox or the Lucas puzzle is the observation that capital does not flow from developed countries to developing countries despite the fact that developing countries have lower levels of capital per worker.}}Global Health Delivery ProjectRajendra Mishra School of Engineering Entrepreneurship: Rajendra Mishra School of Engineering Entrepreneurship is the entrepreneurship school of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur which offers graduate and doctoral programs in entrepreneurship for engineers. The school also offers an option to all the undergraduate students of IIT Kharagpur to opt for an integrated dual degree course, which would offer them a master's degree in entrepreneurship apart from a bachelor's degree in the respective branch of engineering the student may be enrolled in.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Drumcondra Hospital: Drumcondra Hospital (originally, the Whitworth Fever Hospital, and from 1852 to 1893 the Whitworth General Hospital) was a voluntary hospital on Whitworth Road in Dublin, Ireland, that became part of the Rotunda Hospital in 1970.Friendship (NGO): Friendship is a French - Bangladeshi non-governmental organization that works with poor and marginalized communities in Bangladesh in remote chars and riverbanks in the North, poorer areas in Northeast, cyclone-prone areas in the South and most recently the hard-to-reach indigenous communities in the coastal belt of the country. It was established in Bangladesh in 2002 to provide basic services to the highly suffering inaccessible areas from climate changes impact.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Whitehall Study: The original Whitehall Study investigated social determinants of health, specifically the cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality rates among British male civil servants between the ages of 20 and 64. 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In 1978, the U.Companies OfficeGenovese Drug Stores: Genovese Drug Stores was a pharmacy chain located in the New York City-Long Island area of the United States, including northern New Jersey, along with Fairfield County, Connecticut and Hartford County, Connecticut. It was acquired by Eckerd in 1998.List of drugsList of companies listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange: The Oslo Stock Exchange (Norwegian: Oslo Børs) serves as the main market for trading in the shares of Norwegian companies. It opens at 9:00am and closes 4:30pm local time (CET).Hog Farm: Hog farm}}Social marketing: Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviors that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good. It seeks to integrate research, best practice, theory, audience and partnership insight, to inform the delivery of competition sensitive and segmented social change programs that are effective, efficient, equitable and sustainable.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Australian referendum, 1913 (Trade and Commerce): The Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) 1912 was an Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend Commonwealth legislative power in respect to trade and commerce.Chronic care: Chronic care refers to medical care which addresses pre-existing or long term illness, as opposed to acute care which is concerned with short term or severe illness of brief duration. Chronic medical conditions include asthma, diabetes, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, congestive heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver, hypertension and depression.List of largest employers: ==Largest public and private and Government employers in the world==The Burial Plot Bidding WarGuanyuan Jin: Dr. Guanyuan Jin 金观源, MD, C.Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre: Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre (PTWRC) is a wildlife centre located roughly by road south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The centre was established in 1995 and with an area of over 6,000 acres of protected regenerating forest, this is the largest zoo in Cambodia.Roll Back Malaria Partnership: The Roll Back Malaria Partnership (RBM Partnership) is the global framework for coordinated action against malaria. It forges consensus among key actors in malaria control, harmonises action and mobilises resources to fight malaria in endemic countries.DenplanStatute Law (Repeals) Act 1993: The Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993 (c 50) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.PfATP6: PfATP6, also known as PfSERCA or PfATPase6, is a calcium ATPase gene encoded by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. The protein is thought to be a P-type ATPase involved in calcium ion transport.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Pharmaceutical manufacturing: Drug manufacturing is the process of industrial-scale synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs by pharmaceutical companies. The process of drug manufacturing can be broken down into a series of unit operations, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and others.Canandaigua Veterans Hospital Historic DistrictDocument-centric collaboration: Document-centric collaboration is a new approach to working together on projects online which puts the document and its contents at the centre of the process.Poverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.Minati SenFederal Employees Health Benefits Program: The Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program is a system of "managed competition" through which employee health benefits are provided to civilian government employees and annuitants of the United States government.Maternal Health Task ForceToyota NZ engine: The Toyota NZ engine family is a straight-4 piston engine series. 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Founded by His Highness the Aga Khan, the hospital provides a broad range of secondary and tertiary care, including diagnosis of disease and team management of patient care.HIV/AIDS in South African townships: South Africa’s HIV/AIDS epidemic, which is among the most severe in the world, is concentrated in its townships, where many black South Africans live due to the lingering effects of the Group Areas Act. A 2010 study revealed that HIV/AIDS infection in South Africa is distinctly divided along racial lines: 13.List of Sri Lankan Moors: This is a List of Sri Lankan Moors, Arab traders who settled in Sri Lanka between the 8th and 15th centuries and now comprise 8% of the Sri Lankan population. They speak Tamil and Sinhalese and mainly live around the coastal areas of the island.Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City: The Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City is a Vietnamese national institute initially created by the French in 1891 under the name Pasteur Institute - Sai Gon, in 1975 renamed the Institute of Epidemiology, and in 1991 given the current name.University of Campinas

(1/875) Storage of cord blood attracts private-sector interest.

Storage of cord blood from their babies can cost parents several hundred dollars, and some private companies are already offering the service. Janis Hass reports that some Canadian specialists question the value of the banks.  (+info)

(2/875) Health expenditure and finance: who gets what?

The methods used in South Africa's first comprehensive review of health finance and expenditure are outlined. Special measures were adopted to make the process acceptable to all concerned during a period of profound political transition. The estimation of indicators of access to public sector resources for districts sorted by per capita income allowed the health care problems of disadvantaged communities to be highlighted.  (+info)

(3/875) The public/private mix and human resources for health.

This paper examines the general question of the public/private mix in health care, with special emphasis on its implications for human resources. After a brief conceptual exercise to clarify these terms, we place the problem of human resources in the context of the growing complexity of health systems. We next move to an analysis of potential policy alternatives. Unfortunately, a lot of the public/private debate has looked only at the pragmatic aspects of such alternatives. Each of them, however, reflects a specific set of values--an ideology--that must be made explicit. For this reason, we outline the value assumptions of the four major principles to allocate resources for health care: purchasing power, poverty, socially perceived priority, and citizenship. Finally, the last section discusses some of the policy options that health care systems face today, with respect to the combinations of public and private financing and delivery of services. The conclusion is that we need to move away from false dichotomies and dilemmas as we search for creative ways of combining the best of the state and the market in order to replace polarized with pluralistic systems. The paper is based on a fundamental premise: The way we deal with the question of the public/private mix will largely determine the shape of health care in the next century.  (+info)

(4/875) The potential of health sector non-governmental organizations: policy options.

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have increasingly been promoted as alternative health care providers to the state, furthering the same goals but less hampered by government inefficiencies and resource constraints. However, the reality of NGO health care provision is more complex. Not only is the distinction between government and NGO providers sometimes difficult to determine because of their operational integration, but NGOs may also suffer from resource constraionts and management inefficiencies similar to those of government providers. Some registered NGOs operate as for-profit providers in practice. Policy development must reflect the strengths and weaknesses of NGOs in particular settings and should be built on NGO advantages over government in terms of resource mobilization, efficiency and/or quality. Policy development will always require a strong government presence in co-ordinating and regulating health care provision, and an NGO sector responsive to the policy goals of government.  (+info)

(5/875) The state of health planning in the '90s.

The art of health planning is relatively new in many developing countries and its record is not brilliant. However, for policy makers committed to sustainable health improvements and the principle of equity, it is an essential process, and in need of improvement rather than minimalization. The article argues that the possibility of planning playing a proper role in health care allocative decisions is increasingly being endangered by a number of developments. These include the increasing use of projects, inappropriate decentralization policies, and the increasing attention being given to NGOs. More serious is the rise of New Right thinking which is undermining the role of the State altogether in health care provision. The article discusses these developments and makes suggestions as to possible action needed to counteract them.  (+info)

(6/875) Efficiency and quality in the public and private sectors in Senegal.

It is often argued that the private sector is more efficient than the public sector in the production of health services, and that government reliance on private provision would help improve the efficiency and equity of public spending in health. A review of the literature, however, shows that there is little evidence to support these statements. A study of government and non-governmental facilities was undertaken in Senegal, taking into account case mix, input prices, and quality of care, to examine relative efficiency in the delivery of health services. The study revealed that private providers are highly heterogeneous, although they tend to offer better quality services. A specific and important group of providers--Catholic health posts--were shown to be significantly more efficient than public and other private facilities in the provision of curative and preventive ambulatory services at high levels of output. Policies to expand the role of the private sector need to take into account variations in types of providers, as well as evidence of both high and low quality among them. In terms of public sector efficiency, findings from the study affirm others that indicate drug policy reform to be one of the most important policy interventions that can simultaneously improve efficiency, quality and effectiveness of care. Relationships that this study identified between quality and efficiency suggest that strategies to improve quality can increase efficiency, raise demand for services, and thereby expand access.  (+info)

(7/875) The role of private medical practitioners and their interactions with public health services in Asian countries.

This paper aims to review the role of private practitioners and their interactions with public health services in developing countries, focusing largely on the Asian region. Evidence on the distribution of health facilities, manpower, health expenditures and utilization rates shows that private practitioners are significant health care providers in many Asian countries. Limited information has been published on interactions between public and private providers despite their co-existence. Issues related to enforcement of regulations, human resources, patient referrals and disease notifications, are examined.  (+info)

(8/875) Private payers of health care in Brazil: characteristics, costs and coverage.

The private sector is the predominant provider of health care in Brazil, particularly for inpatient services, and financing is a mix of public (through a prospective reimbursement system) and private. Roughly a quarter of the population has private insurance coverage, reflecting rapid growth in the past decade fuelled by the crisis in the public reimbursement system and the perceived deterioration of publicly provided care. Four major forms of insurance exist: (1) prepaid group practice; (2) medical cooperatives, physician owned and operated preferred provider organizations; (3) company health plans where employers ensure employee access to services under various types of arrangements from direct provision to purchasing of private services; and (4) health indemnity insurance. Each type of plan includes a wide variety of subplans from basic individual/family coverage to comprehensive executive coverage. The paper discusses the characteristics, costs and utilization patterns of all types of privately financed care, as well as the major problems associated with private financing: the limited package of benefits and low payout ceilings, inadequate consumer information and virtually no regulation.  (+info)



payrolls


  • NEW YORK (Reuters) - Private employers unexpectedly shed jobs in March, dampening hopes about the strength of the recovery two days before the more closely watched government payrolls report. (reuters.com)
  • The unexpected drop in private employment did not convince economists to change their forecasts for March payrolls. (reuters.com)
  • This chart shows, in thousands, the amount of money in private sector payrolls over the past decade. (csmonitor.com)

employers


  • U.S. private employers cut 23,000 jobs in March, missing expectations for an increase in jobs, but the decline was slightly less than the losses in February, according to the data by a payroll processing company. (reuters.com)
  • Private sector employers are coming under increasing pressure to offer inflation-busting pay rises to staff as the economy picks up, new figures have shown. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The majority of public workers were also awarded a pay rise in the three months to May, with just two-fifths of public sector employers imposing pay freezes. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Private employers added 119,000 jobs last month, bringing the total employment level 1.70 percent above the level seen in April 2011. (csmonitor.com)
  • Today, private staffing and business services firm ADP released the latest installment of their National Employment Report indicating that the situation for private employment in the U.S. improved in April as private employers added 119,000 jobs in the month bringing the total employment level 1.70% above the level seen in April 2011. (csmonitor.com)

Engagement


  • The week opened with two days of intensive work with IUCN staff to build capacity and share experiences in working with the private sector, strengthen implementation of the IUCN Operational Guidelines for Private Sector Engagement, and to provide an opportunity for IUCN business and biodiversity focal points to network with each other. (iucn.org)
  • In UNDP and the broader UN system, we are keen to see even greater engagement of the private sector in human and sustainable development. (undp.org)
  • UNDP has projects related to private sector development or engagement in most of the about 170 countries and territories where we provide assistance. (undp.org)

climate change


  • The sessions covered issues such as linkages between business activities and the IUCN core and thematic programme areas (conserving biodiversity, climate change, energy, livelihoods and markets), perspectives from the private sector on options for a post 2010 target for biodiversity conservation, and inputs on strategic thinking for IUCN's work with the sectors of agriculture, mining, tourism and small and medium sized enterprises. (iucn.org)

jobs this month


  • The median of estimates from 35 economists surveyed by Reuters for the ADP Employer Services report, jointly developed with Macroeconomic Advisers LLC, was for a rise of 40,000 private-sector jobs this month. (reuters.com)
  • The private sector added 119,000 jobs this month. (csmonitor.com)

research


  • A private college is not considered a place of research, but this is not to say that it is not done there. (iol.co.za)

employment


  • Private sector employment increased during the month, the report said. (rttnews.com)

rise


  • While private education in the school sector enjoys a very favourable reputation, some fly-by-nights in the tertiary sector have given rise to some wariness about the value of private colleges, a wariness which may be shared by traditional universities which, even within their own ranks, are sometimes prone to chauvinism. (iol.co.za)
  • However, one in 10 companies are still pushing through pay freezes and the typical pay rise in the private sector was 2pc in the three months to May, the latest analysis by Income Data Services (IDS) has revealed. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The typical pay award for public sector staff fell to 0.8pc in the latest study, down from 1pc in the three months to April, and less than half the 2pc rise reported for the economy as whole. (telegraph.co.uk)

business


  • IUCN's Business and Biodiversity Programme organized a four day event "Private Sector @ IUCN" from 19 - 22 October in its Head Quarters in Gland, Switzerland. (iucn.org)
  • The HSBC Hong Kong purchasing managers' index, a composite index assessing prevailing business conditions in the private sector economy, fell to 52 in March from 52.8 in February. (rttnews.com)

conditions


  • These are budget conditions that the private sector in much of the nation would kill for. (washingtonpost.com)

healthcare


  • New evidence revealed by Oxfam shows that women in India are being exploited and facing serious health problems, due to under-investment in healthcare by the Indian government and the proliferation of private for-profit clinics. (oxfam.org)

public sector


  • Mr Mulkearn said: "The public sector freeze has already begun and there is every prospect that some groups, such as local authority staff in England and Wales, will face a three-year pay freeze. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • However, public sector workers understood the need for pay restraint to save jobs, he said. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • It follows the Chancellor's announcement in the emergency Budget that most public sector pensions would be linked to CPI, which will also potentially save the Government millions of pounds. (telegraph.co.uk)

month


  • Private-sector jobs in the U.S. rose 158,000 last month, according to payroll processor ADP. (wsj.com)
  • On Thursday, ISM data is expected to show the U.S. manufacturing sector expanded in March for an eighth straight month, while ISM's report on Monday is forecast to show the vast services sector likely also grew. (reuters.com)

growth


  • Private sector plays an important role as an engine of economic growth and job creation in developing countries. (undp.org)
  • The publication highlights UNDP initiatives that promote private sector-led growth approaches that contribute to sustainable economic growth across sub-Saharan Africa. (undp.org)
  • Hong Kong private sector growth moderated in March as expansion in new orders and output slowed, a survey by Markit Economics revealed Thursday. (rttnews.com)

help


  • As such, the private sector is an important strategic partner for UNDP in achieving its vision to help countries eradicate poverty and reduce inequalities and exclusion within broader sustainable development. (undp.org)
  • This report takes an ecological approach to understanding barriers to poverty reduction and provides opportunities for the private sector actors to help tackle these barriers. (undp.org)

people


  • The group of MBA graduates at Mancosa represented a collection of mature people who are employed in either the public or the private sector, reflecting a market voice. (iol.co.za)
  • Millions of people with private sector retirement schemes are likely to see their pensions reduced by as much as 25 per cent after the Government announced plans to change the way they are calculated. (telegraph.co.uk)

provides


  • AdviceUK Consulting provides consulting services tailored to the private sector. (adviceuk.org.uk)

companies


  • What Oval International and the Management College of Southern Africa (Mancosa) have in common is that they are both Durban-based, private companies, and were established by local entrepreneurs who found the ways of exploiting the education sector for profit. (iol.co.za)

Model


  • I wrote in December about how "freshwater" macroeconomic models have failed the market test and are never used in private industry even though a model that actually did what these models purport to do would be extremely valuable. (slate.com)

staff


  • The event brought together IUCN staff working with the private sector and representatives from businesses interacting with IUCN. (iucn.org)

development


  • This is particularly true, I believe, in the FET sector, where there seems to be a deliberate marginalisation of private colleges to the detriment of the development of an appropriately skilled and educated workforce. (iol.co.za)

past


  • The Obama administration is fond of reminding the American public that private sector jobs have grown by 4.1% over the past 28 months. (freedomworks.org)

comes


Budget


  • A new privately-run hospital supported by the World Bank's private sector arm, the IFC, is threatening to bankrupt the health budget of Lesotho, one of the poorest and least-healthy countries in the world. (oxfam.org)

support


  • Lee and Ramona Bass, perhaps the most private members of a very private family, support more down-to-earth, even down-home, projects like parks and a zoo. (nytimes.com)

common


  • Noah Smith extends the point in two ways , one by rebutting academics' most common excuse for why the private sector shuns these models and the other by observing that it's actually all dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) modeling that the private sector shuns, not just the freshwater variety. (slate.com)

local


  • This toolkit is meant to enable UNDP Country Offices and their partners to develop supply chain linkages with local small and medium sized producers in agriculture sector. (undp.org)