Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Nuclear Power Plants: Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Nuclear power accident that occurred following the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake of March 11, 2011 in the northern region of Japan.Cesium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.Coal: A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.Soil Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in soil, which exhibit radioactivity.Radioactive Pollutants: Radioactive substances which act as pollutants. They include chemicals whose radiation is released via radioactive waste, nuclear accidents, fallout from nuclear explosions, and the like.Radiation Monitoring: The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.Radioactive Hazard Release: Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Food Contamination, RadioactiveChernobyl Nuclear Accident: April 25th -26th, 1986 nuclear power accident that occurred at Chernobyl in the former USSR (Ukraine) located 80 miles north of Kiev.UkraineAir Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in air, which exhibit radioactivity.Water Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in water or bodies of water, which exhibit radioactivity.Tsunamis: Series of ocean waves produced by geologic events or underwater LANDSLIDES. These waves can travel at speeds averaging 450 (and up to 600) miles per hour in the open ocean.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Nuclear Reactors: Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Coal Ash: Residue generated from combustion of coal or petroleum.Radioactive Fallout: The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Earthquakes: Sudden slips on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slips, or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the earth. Faults are fractures along which the blocks of EARTH crust on either side have moved relative to one another parallel to the fracture.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Air Pollution, RadioactivePlant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Republic of BelarusAir Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Arcidae: A family of ark shell mollusks, in the class BIVALVIA. They have soft bodies with platelike GILLS enclosed within two shells hinged together.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Leukemia, Radiation-Induced: Leukemia produced by exposure to IONIZING RADIATION or NON-IONIZING RADIATION.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Particulate Matter: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Plant Cells: Basic functional unit of plants.Salmoniformes: An order of fish comprising salmons, trouts, whitefish, graylings, and other families. They are both marine and freshwater fish, found in all oceans and are quite numerous in the Northern Hemisphere. (From Nelson: Fishes of the World)Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)JapanGenome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced: Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Radioisotopes: Isotopes that exhibit radioactivity and undergo radioactive decay. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Emergency Responders: Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.Nostoc commune: A form species of spore-producing CYANOBACTERIA, in the family Nostocaceae, order Nostocales. It is an important source of fixed NITROGEN in nutrient-depleted soils. When wet, it appears as a jelly-like mass.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Toxicity Tests: An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Polycyclic Compounds: Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Plant Immunity: The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.

*  Aerial tilt shot of Power plant treatment pools ~ Clip #78132687

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*  Coal Fired Power Companies and Suppliers for the Chemical and Pharmaceuticals industry serving Slovakia | Environmental XPRT

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*  Newswire & Press Release / Metso to Supply Biomass Power Plant for V rnamo Energi for Doubling Green Electricity Production -...

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*  AP sources: Obama to limit carbon at power plants

... plan to combat climate change will include the first-ever regulations to limit carbon dioxide emissions from existing power ... plants, as well as increased production of renewable energy on public lands and federally assisted housing, environmental ... The Capitol Dome is seen behind the Capitol Power Plant in Washington, Monday, June 24, 2013. The plant provides power to ... And the rules for existing power plants will almost certainly face legal challenges in court. The Supreme Court has upheld the ...

*  Water pollution from coal - SourceWatch

... power plants must limit how much barium is dumped into nearby waterways, despite being commonly found in power plant waste and ... Thermal pollution from coal plants is the degradation of water quality by power plants and industrial manufacturers - when ... Power plants can also potentially harm fish eggs, larvae, and other aquatic biota in their early stages, as they require ... Coal-fired power plants are the largest human-caused source of sulfur dioxide, a pollutant gas that contributes to the ...

*  Clock is ticking, slowly, on rules for coal-fired power plants - latimes

... the Dickerson power plant has stood sentry over small villages, crop fields and horse farms for more ... Clock is ticking, slowly, on rules for coal-fired power plants. The fate of many coal-fired power plants may rest on how boldly ... "Carbon reduction at power plants has to be addressed but in a very sensitive way," said William K. Reilly, EPA administrator ... The majority of new power plants burn natural gas. But letting the market follow its current course is not enough for the U.S. ...

*  A river basin-based model of advanced power plant cooling technologies for mitigating water management challenges<...

Stillwell, AS, Clayton, ME, Webber, ME, Allen, DT & Webster, M 2010, A river basin-based model of advanced power plant cooling ... Stillwell AS, Clayton ME, Webber ME, Allen DT, Webster M. A river basin-based model of advanced power plant cooling ... Thermoelectric power plants require large volumes of water for cooling, which can introduce drought vulnerability and compete ... N2 - Thermoelectric power plants require large volumes of water for cooling, which can introduce drought vulnerability and ...

*  Cedar Bay Cogeneration Plant - SourceWatch

The plant had been under a long-term contract to supply power to FP&L since 1998. FP&L is looking to buy the plant for $520.5 ... Cedar Bay Cogeneration Plant is a 292-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station owned and operated by PG&E near Jacksonville, ... "FPL looks to acquire coal-fired power plant in Jacksonville - and then shut it down," Jacksonville Business Journal, Mar 6, ... coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution is formed from a combination of soot, acid droplets, and heavy metals formed ...

*  Dover Municipal Power Plant - SourceWatch

Dover Municipal Light & Power Plant is a coal-fired power station owned and operated by the City of Dover, Ohio. ... The NRG Dover plant began operating in 1983, and sells wholesale power on the regional PJM grid, as well as provide industrial ... 4 Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Dover Municipal Power Plant *4.1 Table 1: Death and disease ... Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Dover Municipal Power Plant. Type of Impact. Annual ...

*  BG&E files request seeking proposals for power plant Utility must now ask for competitive bids - tribunedigital-baltimoresun

Following an order to give other companies a chance to build power plants, Baltimore Gas and Electric Co. filed this week with ... Following an order to give other companies a chance to build power plants, Baltimore Gas and Electric Co. filed this week with ... BG&E traditionally has built its own power plants.. The May ruling also has thrown into question whether an earlier contract ... BG&E files request seeking proposals for power plant Utility must now ask for competitive bids. ...

*  Sierra Club sues DTE over coal-fired power plants

and two subsidiaries over emissions from their coal-fired power plants.The Sierra Club contends that four of the company's ... and two subsidiaries over emissions from their coal-fired power plants.. The Sierra Club contends that four of the company's ... Clair and Trenton Channel plants. It says they threaten human health by emitting mercury, soot, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen ... DTE spokesman John Austerberry said the plants comply with applicable state and federal emission regulations and have required ...

*  US Labor Department's OSHA fines US Minerals facility in Illinois $396,000 for 28 violations, including exposure to hazardous...

The company manufactures abrasive blasting and roofing materials from slag produced at coal-fired power plants. In September, ...

*  The New Federal Cross-State Air Pollution Rule - Environmental Leader

According to the USEPA, CSAPR will, by 2014, reduce SO2 emissions from target power plants by 73% and NOx by 54% (2005 baseline ... On July 6, 2011, the USEPA finalized a rule intended to reduce emissions from power plants of fine particulate matter and ... 1, 2012, and will require 27 states to regulate power plant emissions that are normally transported to and affect other states. ... many of which are in attainment with ozone NAAQS and have little reason to stringently regulate emissions from power plants, a ...

*  Historic Limits on Toxic Mercury Become Final - National Wildlife Federation

... pollution standards will result in the first national limits on amount of mercury spewing from the nation's coal-fired power ... Over 20 years in the making, the new pollution limits on power plants will cut mercury emissions by 91 percent, while also ... Mercury Pollution from Coal-fired Power Plants Factsheet (pdf) Not only fish-eating wildlife are at risk--high levels of ... The updating of older power plants with modern air pollution control technology will support 46,000 new short-term construction ...

*  Earth Island Journal | Earth Island Institute

Toxic Poisons From Coal-Fired Power Plants Routinely Dumped Into US Waters, Says Report. In the absence of any effective ... released an eye popping new report highlighting the public health threats of toxic water pollution from coal-fired power plants ... pollution limit, coal plants have become by far the largest source of toxic water pollution. Waterkeeper Alliance Today a ...

*  Sandow Station - SourceWatch

The plant generates electricity for two aluminum smelters and a strip-mining operation that supplies lignite coal for the power ... for an estimated $330 million to install a new coal-fired power plant at its aluminum production facility in Rockdale, Texas ... "U. S. Announces Clean Air Act Coal-fired Power Plant Settlement with Alcoa - Settlement Will Reduce Nitrogen Oxide and Sulfur ... quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[2] Fine ...

*  Malicious virus shuttered power plant: DHS, page 2

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*  RWE eyes more savings at power plants - paper | Reuters

... in response to falling electricity wholesaleprices and low utilisation of power plants, a German newspaperreported on Monday. ... in response to falling electricity wholesale prices and low utilisation of power plants, a German newspaper reported on Monday ... The company has introduced a new 500 million euro cost cutting programme, dubbed RWE Neo, for its power stations division, ...

*  EPA rules Ariz. power plants must upgrade

Arizona should use all of this power for Arizona only! Let California build their own power plants. Palo Verde could pick up ... The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency met a deadline Thursday on a plan to control emissions from three Arizona power plants ... The Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station power plant located in Tonopah, Arizona,is about 45 miles west of central Phoenix. It ... power plants must upgrade. http://www.bensonnews-sun.com ^ , november 18, 2012 Posted on 11/18/2012 7:47:15 PM PST by lowbridge ...

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*  Anpara Thermal Power Plant | Greenpeace India

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*  President Obama Speaks at Ubungo Symbion Power Plant | U.S. Agency for International Development

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*  GE to make advance turbines for Samalkot power plant: Obama | world | Hindustan Times

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*  Power Plant - Wikipedia

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Miljacka Hydroelectric Power Plant: 230px|thumb|right|Miljacka Hydroelectric Power Plant.Bataan Nuclear Power Plant: Bataan Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant, completed but never fueled, on Bataan Peninsula, west of Manila in the Philippines. It is located on a 3.Investigation Committee on the Accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations of Tokyo Electric Power Company: The Investigation Committee on the Accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations of Tokyo Electric Power Company was formed June 7, 2011 by the Japanese government as an independent body to investigate the March Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.Ito, Masami, "Official probe begins into nuclear disaster", Japan Times, 8 June 2011, p.Briquette: A briquette (or briquet) is a compressed block of coal dust"briquette, n. 2.List of nuclear and radiation accidents by death toll: There have been more than 20 nuclear and radiation accidents involving fatalities. These involved nuclear power plant accidents, nuclear submarine accidents, radiotherapy accidents and other mishaps.Plant perception (physiology): Plant perception is the ability of plants to sense and respond to the environment to adjust their morphology, physiology and phenotype accordingly. Other disciplines such as plant physiology, ecology and molecular biology are used to assess this ability.List of nuclides: This table of nuclides shows the 896 observed nuclides that either are stable or, if radioactive, have half-lives longer than one hour.Hinduism in Ukraine: Hinduism is a minority religion in Ukraine.Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System: The Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System is a tsunami warning system set up to provide warning to inhabitants of nations bordering the Indian Ocean of approaching tsunamis.Canna Leaf Roller: Cannas are largely free of pests, but in the USA plants sometimes fall victim the Canna Leaf Roller, which can actually be two different insects. Larva of the Brazilian skipper butterfly (Calpodes ethlius), also known as the Larger Canna Leaf Roller, cut the leaves and roll them over to live inside while pupating and eating the leaf.R4 nuclear reactor: R4 nuclear reactor was a nuclear reactor built at Marviken and the fourth nuclear reactor built in Sweden. It was heavy water moderated and intended for the dual role of 130MWe of power generation and also plutonium production.Phlogiston theory: The phlogiston theory is an obsolete scientific theory that postulated that a fire-like element called phlogiston is contained within combustible bodies and released during combustion. The name comes from the Ancient Greek [phlogistón (burning up), from φλόξ] phlóx (flame).Fly ash brick: Fly ash brick (FAB) is a building material, specifically masonry units, containing fly ash and water. Compressed at and cured for in a steam bath, then toughened with an air entrainment agent, the bricks last for more than cycles.List of nuclear weapons tests: Nuclear weapons testing according to the standard definition used in treaty language for the space/time requirement is:Endodermis: The endodermis is the central, innermost layer of cortex in some land plants. It is made of compact living cells surrounded by an outer ring of endodermal cells that are impregnated with hydrophobic substances (Casparian Strip) to restrict apoplastic flow of water to the inside.Earthquake: An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, which can be violent enough to destroy major buildings and kill thousands of people. The severity of the shaking can range from barely felt to violent enough to toss people around.Castle of Zorita de los Canes-Alcazaba de Zorita: The Castle of Zorita de los Canes-Alcazaba de Zorita (Spanish: Castillo de Zorita de los Canes-Alcazaba de Zorita) is a castle located in Zorita de los Canes, Spain. It was declared Bien de Interés Cultural in 1931.PhytomedicineHinduism in Belarus: Hinduism in Belarus has a very small following. There are three main Hindu groups in country.P-AnisidineMedicinal plants of the American West: Many plants that grow in the American West have use in traditional and herbal medicine.Revegetation: Revegetation is the process of replanting and rebuilding the soil of disturbed land. This may be a natural process produced by plant colonization and succession, or an artificial (manmade) wilderness engineering, accelerated process designed to repair damage to a landscape due to wildfire, mining, flood, or other cause.Air pollution: Air pollution is the introduction of particulates, biological molecules, or other harmful materials into Earth's atmosphere, causing diseases, death to humans, damage to other living organisms such as animals and food crops, or the natural or built environment. Air pollution may come from anthropogenic or natural sources.Particulates: Atmospheric particulate matter – also known as particulate matter (PM) or particulates – is microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in the Earth's atmosphere. The term aerosol commonly refers to the particulate/air mixture, as opposed to the particulate matter alone.HuchenPith: 250px|right|thumb|[[Elderberry shoot cut longitudinally to show the broad, solid pith (rough-textured, white) inside the wood (smooth, yellow-tinged). Scale in mm.Niigata UniversitySpaceflight radiation carcinogenesisGAI (Arabidopsis thaliana gene)Tropical Asia: Through a crop-based biodiversity, natural resources and animals (birds, fruits, and forests), Tropical Asia is economically and physiogeographically rich. There are 16 countries of Tropical Asia ranging in size from around 610 km² (Singapore) to 3,000,000 km² (India).List of radioactive isotopes by half-life: This is a list of radioactive isotopes ordered by half-life from shortest to longest.Aureusidin synthase: Aureusidin synthase (, AmAS1) is an enzyme with system name 2',4,4',6'-tetrahydroxychalcone 4'-O-beta-D-glucoside:oxygen oxidoreductase.World Trade Center Health Program: The World Trade Center Health Program (WTC Health Program) provides medical benefits to individuals affected by the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. The WTC Health Program was established by Title I of the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010 (Zadroga Act), P.Nostoc communeAutomatic exposure control: Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) is an X-ray exposure termination device. A medical radiography x-ray exposure is always initiated by a human operator.ToxicityHealth geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.South Asia Disaster Report: South Asia Disaster Report is a 2006 report by Duryog Nivaran, edited by Amjad Bhatti and others, and subtitled Tackling the Tides and Tremors. It looks at disasters affecting the South Asian region's "countries and communities (that) are connected to each other geologically, geographically and culturally".Evolution in Variable EnvironmentNicotiana glauca: Nicotiana glauca is a species of wild tobacco known by the common name tree tobacco. Its leaves are attached to the stalk by petioles (many other Nicotiana species have sessile leaves), and its leaves and stems are neither [nor sticky like Nicotiana tabacum].Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.

(1/308) Genome reduction in a hemiclonal frog Rana esculenta from radioactively contaminated areas.

A decrease in genome size was found in the hemiclonal hybridogenetic frog Rana esculenta (R. ridibunda x R. lessonae) from areas of radioactive contamination that resulted from the Chernobyl fallout. This genome reduction was of up to 4% and correlated with the background level of gamma-radiation (linear regression corresponded on average to -0.4% per doubling of radiation level). No change in genome size was observed in the coexisting parental species R. lessonae. There was no correlation between genome size and body mass in R. esculenta froglets, which have metamorphosed in the year of the study. The hemiclonal forms may become a suitable object for study on biological significance of individual DNA sequences (and of genome size as a whole) because mutant animals with deletions in a specified genome can arise after a low radiation dose. The proneness to genetic damage makes such forms also a prospective bioindicator of radioactive (and possibly other mutagenic) pollution with the effects of genetic damage conveniently and rapidly monitored by DNA flow cytometry.  (+info)

(2/308) A comparison of the reproductive physiology of largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, collected from the Escambia and Blackwater Rivers in Florida.

Largemouth bass (LMB), Micropterus salmoides, were taken from the Escambia River (contaminated site) and the Blackwater River (reference site) near Pensacola, Florida. The Escambia River collection occurred downstream of the effluent from two identified point sources of pollution. These point sources included a coal-fired electric power plant and a chemical company. Conversely, the Blackwater River's headwaters and most of its length flow within a state park. Although there is some development on the lower part of the Blackwater River, fish were collected in the more pristine upper regions. Fish were captured by electroshocking and were maintained in aerated coolers. Physical measurements were obtained, blood was taken, and liver and gonads were removed. LMB plasma was assayed for the concentration of 17ss-estradiol (E2) and testosterone using validated radioimmunoassays. The presence of vitellogenin was determined by gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blotting using a monoclonal antibody validated for largemouth bass vitellogenin. No differences in plasma concentrations of E2 or testosterone were observed in females from the two sites. Similarly, males exhibited no difference in plasma E2. However, plasma testosterone was lower in the males from the contaminated site, as compared to the reference site. Vitellogenic males occurred only at the contaminated site. Additionally, liver mass was proportionately higher in males from the contaminated site, as compared to males from the reference site. These data suggest that reproductive steroid levels may have been altered by increased hepatic enzyme activity, and the presence of vitellogenic males indicates that an exogenous source of estrogen was present in the Escambia River.  (+info)

(3/308) Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and apoptosis in benign prostatic hyperplasia before and after the Chernobyl accident in Ukraine.

The prevalence of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) in men who underwent surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) before and after the Chernobyl nuclear accident was studied. BPH samples were obtained by adenomectomy from 45 patients operated in 1984 before the accident (Group I), and 47 patients from the low contaminated Kiev City (Group II) and 76 from high contaminated area (Group III) operated between 1996 and 1998. Their BPH samples were examined histologically and immunohistochemically. The incidences of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and high grade PIN (HGPIN) were 15.5 and 11.1% in Group I, 29.8 and 14.9% in Grpoup II, and 35. 5 and 19.7% in Group III. The difference between the incidences of PIN in Group I and III is significant (p<0.02). There was increased apoptosis in areas of PIN in Group II and III as compared to Group I (p<0.001). Since apoptosis has been shown to be associated with ionizing radiation and it is now found to be associated with PIN in patients diagnosed after the Chernobyl nuclear accident, this suggests that long-term low dose internal ionizing radiation potentially may cause prostate cancer.  (+info)

(4/308) Juvenile hypothyroidism among two populations exposed to radioiodine.

We found an epidemic of juvenile hypothyroidism among a population of self-defined "downwinders" living near the Hanford nuclear facility located in southeast Washington State. The episode followed massive releases of 131I. Self-reported data on 60 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism (<20 years of age) among a group of 801 Hanford downwinders are presented, as well as data concerning the thyroid status of approximately 160,000 children exposed to radioiodine before 10 years of age as a result of the 26 April 1986 Chernobyl explosion in the former Soviet Union. These children were residents of five regions near Chernobyl. They were examined by standardized screening protocols over a period of 5 years from 1991 to 1996. They are a well-defined group of 10 samples. Fifty-six cases of hypothyroidism were found among boys and 92 among girls. Body burdens of 137Cs have been correlated with hypothyroidism prevalence rates. On the other hand, the group of juvenile (<20 years of age) Hanford downwinders is not a representative sample. Most of the 77 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism in the Hanford group were diagnosed from 1945 to 1970. However, the ratio of reported cases to the county population under 20 years of age is roughly correlated with officially estimated mean levels of cumulative thyroid 131I uptake in these counties, providing evidence that juvenile hypothyroidism was associated with radioiodine exposures. Because even subtle hypothyroidism may be of clinical significance in childhood and can be treated, it may be useful to screen for the condition in populations exposed to radioiodine fallout. Although radiation exposure is associated with hypothyroidism, its excess among fallout-exposed children has not been previously quantified.  (+info)

(5/308) Carotenoids, sexual signals and immune function in barn swallows from Chernobyl.

Carotenoids have been hypothesized to facilitate immune function and act as free-radical scavengers, thereby minimizing the frequency of mutations. Populations of animals exposed to higher levels of free radicals are thus expected to demonstrate reduced sexual coloration if use of carotenoids for free-radical scavenging is traded against use for sexual signals. The intensity of carotenoid-based sexual coloration was compared among three populations of barn swallows Hirundo rustica differing in exposure to radioactive contamination. Lymphocyte and immunoglobulin concentrations were depressed, whereas the heterophil:lymphocyte ratio, an index of stress, was enhanced in Chernobyl swallows compared to controls. Spleen size was reduced in Chernobyl compared to that of two control populations. Sexual coloration varied significantly among populations, with the size of a secondary sexual character (the length of the outermost tail feathers) being positively related to coloration in the two control populations, but not in the Chernobyl population. Thus the positive covariation between coloration and sexual signalling disappeared in the population subject to intense radioactive contamination. These findings suggest that the reliable signalling function of secondary sexual characters breaks down under extreme environmental conditions, no longer providing reliable information about the health status of males.  (+info)

(6/308) Radiation and mortality of workers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory: positive associations for doses received at older ages.

We examined associations between low-level exposure to ionizing radiation and mortality among 14,095 workers hired at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory between 1943 and 1972. Workers at the facility were individually monitored for external exposure to ionizing radiation and have been followed through 1990 to ascertain cause of death information. Positive associations were observed between low-level exposure to external ionizing radiation and mortality. These associations were larger for doses received after 45 years of age, larger under longer lag assumptions, and primarily due to cancer causes of death. All cancer mortality was estimated to increase 4.98% [standard error (SE) = 1.5] per 10-mSv cumulative dose received after age 45 under a 10-year lag, and 7.31% (SE = 2.2) per 10-mSv cumulative dose received after age 45 under a 20-year lag. Associations between radiation dose and lung cancer were of similar magnitude to associations between radiation dose and all cancers except lung cancer. Nonmalignant respiratory disease exhibited a positive association with cumulative radiation dose received after age 45, whereas ischemic heart disease exhibited no association with radiation dose. These findings suggest increases in cancer mortality associated with low-level external exposure to ionizing radiation and potentially greater sensitivity to the carcinogenic effects of ionizing radiation with older ages at exposure.  (+info)

(7/308) Childhood exposure due to the Chernobyl accident and thyroid cancer risk in contaminated areas of Belarus and Russia.

The thyroid dose due to 131I releases during the Chernobyl accident was reconstructed for children and adolescents in two cities and 2122 settlements in Belarus, and in one city and 607 settlements in the Bryansk district of the Russian Federation. In this area, which covers the two high contamination spots in the two countries following the accident, data on thyroid cancer incidence during the period 1991-1995 were analysed in the light of possible increased thyroid surveillance. Two methods of risk analysis were applied: Poisson regression with results for the single settlements and Monte Carlo (MC) calculations for results in larger areas or sub-populations. Best estimates of both methods agreed well. Poisson regression estimates of 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were considerably smaller than the MC results, which allow for extra-Poisson uncertainties due to reconstructed doses and the background thyroid cancer incidence. The excess absolute risk per unit thyroid dose (EARPD) for the birth cohort 1971-1985 by the MC analysis was 2.1 (95% CI 1.0-4.5) cases per 10(4) person-year Gy. The point estimate is lower by a factor of two than that observed in a pooled study of thyroid cancer risk after external exposures. The excess relative risk per unit thyroid dose was 23 (95% CI 8.6-82) Gy(-1). No significant differences between countries or cities and rural areas were found. In the lowest dose group of the settlements with an average thyroid dose of 0.05 Gy the risk was statistically significantly elevated. Dependencies of risks on age-at-exposure and on gender are consistent with findings after external exposures.  (+info)

(8/308) The transcription coactivator HTIF1 and a related protein are fused to the RET receptor tyrosine kinase in childhood papillary thyroid carcinomas.

Children exposed to radioactive iodine as a consequence of the Chernobyl reactor accident have an increased risk of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). The predominant molecular lesions in these tumors are rearrangements of the RET receptor tyrosine kinase (tk). Here we report on two novel types of RET rearrangement, PTC6 and 7, and describe the fusion products and the ret fused gene (rfg) proteins. Like the other rfg proteins identified so far they are ubiquitously expressed, not membrane-bound and contain coiled coil domains required for constitutive activation of the ret tk domain. In the PTC6 rearrangement the ret tk domain is fused to the aminoterminal part of the human transcription intermediary factor htif 1. In the PTC7 rearrangement the ret tk domain is fused to a novel protein that is strongly related to htif1. Like htif1 it contains a RBCC motif (ring finger, B boxes, coiled coil domain) located in the aminoterminal part and a phd finger and a bromodomain in the carboxyterminal part. Htif1 and related proteins are transcription coactivators for nuclear receptors, thus participating in controlling cellular development, differentiation and homeostasis. This is the first report on their involvement in human thyroid carcinogenesis.  (+info)


  • A Greenpeace radiation monitoring team checks for contamination levels around Fukushima city, 60km from the site of the triple meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. (greenpeace.org)
  • Following a major 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami which struck north-eastern Japan on 11 March 2011, the Fukushima nuclear power plants have experienced equipment failures which caused a series of explosions, fires, injuries to the plant workers and emergency responders and radiation releases. (ilo.org)
  • The status of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and its effects on the safety and health of the workers and the public are regularly updated on-line on the websites of the related national and international nuclear and health authorities and on the website of the operator of the Fukushima nuclear power plant. (ilo.org)
  • The terrible events recently in Japan have resulted in at least 15,000 deaths, of which those attributable to the overheating cores and hydrogen explosions at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant amount to… zero. (wordpress.com)
  • Leakage from evaporative condensation apparatus is seen inside the desalination facility at the tsunami-crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima prefecture, in this handout picture taken December 4, 2011. (reuters.com)
  • TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan declared its tsunami-stricken Fukushima nuclear power plant to be in cold shutdown on Friday, taking a major step to resolving the world's worst nuclear crisis in 25 years but some critics questioned whether the plant was really under control. (reuters.com)
  • The Fukushima Daiichi plant, 240 km (150 miles) northeast of Tokyo, was wrecked on March 11 by a huge earthquake and a towering tsunami which knocked out its cooling systems, triggering meltdowns, radiation leaks and mass evacuations. (reuters.com)
  • Here's the latest of our news bulletins from the ongoing crisis at Japan's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. (greenpeace.org)
  • The Investigation Committee on the Accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations, a government-appointed panel tasked with investigating the causes of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, released its final report today but urged the government to allow it to continue its investigation. (greenpeace.org)
  • Significantly, the report raises questions about the current state of safety at nuclear reactors across Japan , not just those at the Fukushima Daiichi plant, in spite of so-called "safety steps" taken since the disaster occurred. (greenpeace.org)
  • A major scandal began to unfold this week, as Build-Up, a TEPCO subcontractor, admitted that one of its foremen at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant ordered workers to cover dosimeters, equipment used to measure radiation doses, with lead in order to reduce the readings. (greenpeace.org)
  • Twelve workers were directly involved in this incident, but three refused and were ordered to leave the Fukushima Daiichi plant. (greenpeace.org)
  • A year after the nuclear crisis at the Fukushima Daiichi plant, Japan's government has done little to improve safety at nuclear plants around the country , and no reforms have been made to curb cronyism between the power industry and government regulators. (greenpeace.org)
  • The blast at the Fukushima Daiichi plant occurred outside the containment vessel and did not damage the nuclear reactor itself, which would cause radioactive material to leak out, a government spokesman Yukio Edano said. (go.com)
  • Contrary to initial reports of radiation levels rising around the Fukushima Daiichi plant after the blast, Edano said that radiation is decreasing and that the pressure inside the reactor is also dropping. (go.com)
  • An estimated 170,000 people surrounding the Fukushima Daiichi plant have been evacuated, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency. (go.com)
  • Japanese authorities told the International Atomic Energy Agency that they are preparing to distribute potassium iodide to residents in the area around both the Fukushima Daiichi and nearby Fukushima Daini plants. (go.com)
  • The Fukushima Daiichi plant, located about 170 miles northeast of Tokyo, was one of two run by the Tokyo Electric Power Co. whose cooling systems were damaged in the 8.9 earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan Friday. (go.com)
  • At least two reactors at the Daiichi plant and three at the Fukushima Daini plant which located about 10 miles away had damaged cooling systems, the Associated Press reported. (go.com)
  • Ryohei Shiomi with Japan's Nuclear Safety Commission said earlier that a meltdown was possible at the Fukushima Daiichi plant. (go.com)


  • Some time ago, the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) decided to build nuclear power plants in an earthquake zone. (wordpress.com)
  • One of the chief aims of the plant's operator, Tokyo Electric Power (Tepco), had been to bring the reactors to that state by the year-end. (reuters.com)
  • The water temperature in all three of the affected reactors fell below boiling point by September, but Tepco had said it would declare a state of cold shutdown only once it was satisfied that the temperatures and the amount of radiation emitted from the plant remained stable. (reuters.com)
  • An official advisory panel estimates Tepco may have to pay about 4.5 trillion yen ($57 billion) in compensation in the first two years after the nuclear crisis, and that it will cost 1.15 trillion yen to decommission the plant, though some experts put it at 4 trillion yen ($51 billion) or even more. (reuters.com)
  • Repeatedly, the authors said, TEPCO and government agencies perpetuated the so-called "nuclear safety myth," an idea that nuclear power plants are immune to large-scale natural disasters , and as a result, there is no need to even plan for them. (greenpeace.org)
  • Because the government and power utilities, including TEPCO, were biased by the safety myth, thinking they would never, ever face such a serious accident, they were unable to realize that such a crisis could occur in reality. (greenpeace.org)


  • DETROIT (AP) -- Environmentalists have filed a lawsuit against DTE Energy Co. and two subsidiaries over emissions from their coal-fired power plants. (yahoo.com)
  • The leftover waste of coal-fired power plants contains some really nasty and toxic materials - arsenic, lead, mercury, and more. (change.org)

nuclear reactor

  • On top of the nuclear reactor, a crack has been painted to demonstrate the fact that the power plant is old and not safe and should be closed by 2013, as agreed previously. (greenpeace.org)
  • The steel container protecting a nuclear reactor at a plant facing a possible meltdown was not damaged in an explosion that injured four workers and destroyed the exterior walls of the plant, a Japanese government spokesman said today. (go.com)


  • That provoked an angry response from senior local officials, Greenpeace and some reporters even as the Vienna-based U.N. nuclear agency welcomed "significant progress" at the plant. (reuters.com)
  • Thirty Greenpeace activists entered the Borssele nuclear power plant in Zeeland, Netherlands. (greenpeace.org)


  • ABSTRACTEnvironmental Regulations driven by the 1990 Clean Air Act require Power Plants to reduce NOx emissions. (environmental-expert.com)


  • Although new regulations have been proposed to protect reactors from earthquakes and tsunami, including building seawalls and installing vents to prevent hydrogen explosions, plant operators have put few into place. (greenpeace.org)


  • The plants are Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) - sort of giant nuclear kettles. (wordpress.com)
  • The risk of damage was increased as the heat of the core made it difficult to cool it with the seawater that the plant workers and emergency services were trying to dump on the reactors. (wordpress.com)


  • DTE spokesman John Austerberry said the plants comply with applicable state and federal emission regulations and have required pollution control systems. (yahoo.com)


  • The restoration of power to the plant remains critical to prevent against the possibility of an outright meltdown. (go.com)


  • With the blast of the French nuclear power plant a few weeks ago, safety of nuclear power plant designs has fallen under more scrutiny. (environmental-expert.com)


  • It is a government pre-condition for allowing about 80,000 residents evacuated from within a 20 km (12 mile) radius of the plant to go home. (reuters.com)
  • An evacuation order was expanded from a 10-kilometer to 20-kilometers radius around the plant. (go.com)


  • Water level, water flow and discharge are monitored at two inflows of the E.ON electricity power plan Franken I, using the OTT SLD, with horizontal Doppler-flow sensors. (environmental-expert.com)
  • In France, where 80% of electricity comes from nuclear power, protesters formed a human chain along the River Rhone. (greenpeace.org)

situation at the power

  • However, the situation at the power plant is potentially more serious if it is not controlled. (wordpress.com)


  • In making the much-anticipated announcement, Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda tried to draw a line under the most acute phase of the crisis and highlighted the next challenges: the clean-up and the safe dismantling of the plant, something the government says may take more than 30 years. (reuters.com)
  • Both Noda and his environment and nuclear crisis minister Goshi Hosono said that while the government still faced huge challenges, the situation at the plant was under control. (reuters.com)

radiation levels

  • A stable condition has been achieved," he added, noting radiation levels at the boundary of the plant could now be kept at low levels, even in the event of "unforeseeable incidents. (reuters.com)


  • In particular, it referenced a "lack of safety culture" and criticized the NSC for failing to fully explore issues around failed power sources at nuclear plants as far back as 1992. (greenpeace.org)
  • Stress tests designed to establish plants safety have been criticized for being too lax. (greenpeace.org)


  • In this paper we present a method to determine the power efficiency of ultraviolet (UV) disinfection plants and apply this to low pressure plants for drinking water. (environmental-expert.com)
  • In UV disinfection plants the water flow is regulated to ensure that microorganisms receive the necessary fluence for inactivation while passing through. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The lower the UVT of the water is, the less water may flow through the plant. (environmental-expert.com)
  • If you live near a coal-fired power plant, your drinking water may already be contaminated. (change.org)


  • The government has delayed declaration of cold shutdown conditions, one reason being to ensure that the situation at the plant was stable," Cobb said, adding that the evacuation zone should get progressively smaller as more of it was decontaminated. (reuters.com)
  • The Dutch government is reconsidering to keep the nuclear plant open after 2013. (greenpeace.org)
  • In addition, the report authors noted TEPCO's efforts to influence a government taskforce studying the effects of earthquakes on the nuclear plants. (greenpeace.org)


  • Caesium rapidly spreads through the environment and is absorbed by plants and animals which may be part of the human diet. (wordpress.com)
  • In Tokyo, 14,000 people formed a human chain around the Japanese Parliament, demanding an end to nuclear power. (greenpeace.org)


  • Is the Subject Area "Nuclear power" applicable to this article? (plos.org)


  • Application An operator of a coal fired power plant uses brown coal for the firing and therefore the production of energy. (environmental-expert.com)


  • The first anniversary of the tragedy resulting from the Japanese earthquake may seem an inappropriate time to suggest a reappraisal of the left's traditional hositlility to nuclear power. (wordpress.com)
  • Japanese TV images showed the crumbled remains of one of the plant building's walls with smoke emerging from the site. (go.com)


  • wet and laden with dust, primarily in Coal Fired Plants (Not usually a problem in Gas Fired. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Beránek added, the IAEA "even said that the main problem was how to restore public confidence [in nuclear power]-instead of looking into how to better protect people. (greenpeace.org)


  • When some workers balked at the order, the foreman threatened them with loss of their jobs at that plant and any other nuclear site, and they were eventually forced to leave the worksite. (greenpeace.org)


  • The U.S. and France have plans in place to distribute doses of potassium iodide to children who live in the vicinity of the plant in the event of a catastrophic radiation release. (go.com)


  • The Sierra Club contends that four of the company's plants in southeastern Michigan have committed a combined 1,400 violations of the federal Clean Air Act. (yahoo.com)
  • Please take action in support of the EPA rule for tough federal standards on coal-burning power plants to more safely dispose coal ash waste. (change.org)


  • OTT technologies for this project have been in use since 2009.Background The power plant Franken I in Nuremberg-Gebersdorf went on line already in 1913. (environmental-expert.com)


  • Approved for Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Transuranic Waste Disposal facility located in the Chihuahuan Desert, outside of Carlsbad, New Mexico. (environmental-expert.com)


  • Panelists faulted NISA for undermining efforts to establish broad evacuation plans out of concern for raising fears about nuclear power. (greenpeace.org)