Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.United StatesEvidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Policy: A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.

*  policy making

2017 the Regents of the University of Michigan. ICPSR is part of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan ...
icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/thesaurus/entry?topic=subject&entry=policy making

*  Bureaucrats Making Net Policy May Not Understand the Medium | WIRED

Bureaucrats Making Net Policy May Not Understand the Medium. Some computer industry officials fear that bureaucrats negotiating ... It makes sense that the people making the decisions know the medium they're negotiating,' said Russ Kennedy, manager of ... The people making the laws are older but the people affected by the computer revolution are younger,' Young said. 'We're going ... Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our user agreement (effective 3/21/12) and privacy policy (effective 3/21/12). ...

*  Morsy building Egypt's policy as he goes - CNN

... is to a degree making his foreign policy as he goes. Beijing and Tehran have been his first big forays and he is already making ... is to a degree making his foreign policy as he goes. Beijing and Tehran have been his first big forays and he is already making ... President Mohamed Morsy is to a degree making his foreign policy as he goes ... They must build security in that area, thwart jihadists, offer the tribes better services and jobs, even use the territory to ...

*  Push for Sunshine on Policymaking Boards - WSJ

... an ethics breach that allows officials on some powerful panels make decisions without any sunlight on potential conflicts of ... New York City is failing to comply with a state law mandating that it require unpaid members of policymaking boards and ... New York City is failing to comply with a state law mandating that it require unpaid members of policymaking boards and ... commissions to file financial-disclosure statements, an ethics breach that allows officials on some powerful panels to make ...

*  Building Permits | Policies | CSUSM | CSUSM

... building permit process. No building or structure shall be erected, constructed, enlarged, repaired, moved, improved, removed, ... In the event of disputes over interpretation of the Trustees' mechanical policy, the full CSU Mechanical Review Board will make ... When requesting work that falls within the parameters of the campus' Building Permits Policy, the requestor should be aware ... Building Permits. Definition:. The California State University is responsible for the enforcement of building codes on ...

*  Mending manufacturing | Economic Policy Institute

... manufacturing was a policy-induced crisis that warrants policy solutions. For too long, dollar and trade policies have hurt ... Many of manufacturing's current woes are policy-induced (a more detailed account of the policy failures that have led to this ... Every dollar of manufacturing final output represents about 70 cents of production value-added created by the manufacturing ... Mending manufacturing. Reversing poor policy decisions is the only way to end current crisis. by Josh Bivens, Robert Scott, and ...

*  How Foreign Policy is Made - Kurt London - Google Books

Made.html?id=dd-OAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareHow Foreign Policy is Made. ... About Google Books - Privacy Policy - Terms of Service - Blog - Information for Publishers - Report an issue - Help - Sitemap ... of Nations Marshall Plan matters means ment military Minindel mission Nazi parliamentary party peace policy formulation policy ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/How_Foreign_Policy_is_Made.html?id=dd-OAAAAMAAJ ...
https://books.google.com/books?id=dd-OAAAAMAAJ&q=Foreign Minister&dq=related:UOM39015015815122&lr=&source=gbs_word_cloud_r&hl=en

*  Governance and political consumerism in Finnish energy policy-making

In order to influence energy policy-making, citizens consider their own consumption choices more useful than voting in ... perceptions of the power structure underlying Finnish energy policy-making. Secondly, we analysed the role of civil society in ... the innermost core of the influence structure of Finland's energy policy-making today comprises only the Cabinet and Parliament ... addressing the question whether Finns feel that they can influence energy policy-making as citizens through general elections ( ...

*  Making Illinois taxes more family friendly | Economic Policy Institute

Making Minnesota Taxes More Family Friendly. EPI Issue Brief. Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute. ... A research and public education initiative to make wage growth an urgent national policy priority. ... Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute and Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. ... Making Illinois taxes more family friendly. by Max B. Sawicky. With the federal budget projected to run surpluses adding up to ...

*  Create a Site Policy for Call Detail Recording

Follow these steps to create a new call detail recording (CDR) policy for a site. ... In Select a Site, click the site to which the policy is to be applied and click OK. ... Create a Site Policy for Call Detail Recording Create a Site Policy for Quality of Experience ...

*  Policy Making, Power and Politics (GOVT6316) - Courses - The University of Sydney

This unit focuses on the nature of public policy and the processes by which it is produced. Relevant issues are common to all nation states, although they take specific forms in each individual country. First, the unit takes an overview of public policy - dealing with basic themes such as 'What is policy?' through to different approaches to understanding the policy process. These include policy cycles, rationality, interest groups, institutions, and socio-economic interests. Second, it maps out and examines the main components of public policy making: actors, institutions and policy instruments. Third, it focuses on aspects of policy-making processes which often attract a high level of attention from analysts. These include problem definition, agenda setting, decision-taking, policy implementation, policy ...

*  Seven Steps of Policy Making by Amanda Ross on Prezi

Policy Making Process Determination of a policy's accomplishments, consequences, and shortcomings Policy Evaluation Recognition This involves not only recognizing that an issue exists, but also studying the problem and its causes in detail. This stage involves determining how aware the public is of the issue, deciding who will participate in fixing it, and considering what means are available to accomplish a solution. Answers to such questions often help policy makers gauge which policy changes, if any, are needed to address the identified problem. The agenda can be set by the public, special interest groups, or government officials. In 2007 Pennsylvania announced a new standard of food safety aimed to prevent "mislabeling" of food products, especially "misleading" labels. An administrative agency, the state's department of agriculture, targeted dairy food as the problem. Specifically, milk produced or sold ...

*  EUA's Input to EU Policy Making

Universities are crucial for the future of Europe: they create knowledge, foster innovation, critical thinking, tolerance and open minds and provide the high-level skills and innovative thinking on which Europe's future economic, social and cultural development depends. Universities strive for the long-term in addition to assuming new tasks, focusing increasingly on providing solutions to current problems in response to the growing expectations of society. They educate the global citizens of tomorrow, are motors for the economy and provide the optimal creative environment for the talented young researchers that Europe needs.. Looking to the future, universities are proactively responding to the rapid changes in the environment within which they operate; these include the impact of globalisation and new technologies on both teaching and research; and increased pressure on financial resources at a time when student numbers continue to grow, as do the costs of research. The importance of EU ...

*  Pathways to Policy: Nutrition and Food Environment<...

Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) was an initiative of the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer that aimed to reduce the risk of cancer and chronic disease through the implementation of evidence-based program and policy interventions. Four projects focused on creating healthier food environments and increasing healthy eating through 260 new policies or policy changes.. The following report describes the lessons learned (i.e. "Pathways to Policy") from these projects and can inform the development of healthy public policy in jurisdictions across Canada:. ...

*  Economist's View: Plosser: Macro Models and Monetary Policy Analysis

Charles Plosser, President of the Philadelphia Fed, explains the limitations of DSGE models, particularly models of the New Keynesian variety used for policy analysis. (He doesn't reject the DSGE methodology, and that will disappoint some, but he does raise good...

*  Crossover Research Roadmap - Policy-Making 2.0

Graph visualization of: The Crossover Global Research Roadmap illustrates how new tools and methodologies can help improving public policies; it illustrates real life case studies and identifies the key research challenges for the future research programmes.

*  Jan Smuts House Library | General

SAIIA is a non-governmental research institute focused on South Africa's and Africa's international relations. We provide analysis, promote dialogue and contribute to African policy making in a dynamic global context.

Chronic care: Chronic care refers to medical care which addresses pre-existing or long term illness, as opposed to acute care which is concerned with short term or severe illness of brief duration. Chronic medical conditions include asthma, diabetes, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, congestive heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver, hypertension and depression.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.European Union climate and energy package: The European plan on climate change consists of a range of measures adopted by the members of the European Union to fight against climate change. The plan was launched in March 2007, and after months of tough negotiations between the member countries, it was adopted by the European Parliament on December 2008.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Bestbets: BestBETS (Best Evidence Topic Reports) is a system designed by emergency physicians at Manchester Royal Infirmary, UK. It was conceived as a way of allowing busy clinicians to solve real clinical problems using published evidence.The Final Decision: The Final Decision is an episode from season 1 of the animated TV series X-Men Animated Series.Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development: The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development (ENVI) is a standing committee in the Canadian House of Commons.

(1/1177) Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience.

OBJECTIVE: To document efforts on the part of public officials in California to soften the media campaign's attack on the tobacco industry and to analyse strategies to counter those efforts on the part of tobacco control advocates. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews with programme participants, direct observation, written materials, and media stories. In addition, internal documents were released by the state's Department of Health Services in response to requests made under the California Public Records Act by Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. Finally, a draft of the paper was circulated to 11 key players for their comments. RESULTS: In 1988 california voters enacted Proposition 99, an initiative that raised the tobacco tax by $0.25 and allocated 20% of the revenues to anti-tobacco education. A media campaign, which was part of the education programme, directly attacked the tobacco industry, exposing the media campaign to politically based efforts to shut it down or soften it. Through use of outsider strategies such as advertising, press conferences, and public meetings, programme advocates were able to counter the efforts to soften the campaign. CONCLUSION: Anti-tobacco media campaigns that expose industry manipulation are a key component of an effective tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of these campaigns, however, makes them a target for elimination by the tobacco industry. The experience from California demonstrates the need for continuing, aggressive intervention by nongovernmental organisations in order to maintain the quality of anti-tobacco media campaigns.  (+info)

(2/1177) Reforming the health sector in developing countries: the central role of policy analysis.

Policy analysis is an established discipline in the industrialized world, yet its application to developing countries has been limited. The health sector in particular appears to have been neglected. This is surprising because there is a well recognized crisis in health systems, and prescriptions abound of what health policy reforms countries should introduce. However, little attention has been paid to how countries should carry out reforms, much less who is likely to favour or resist such policies. This paper argues that much health policy wrongly focuses attention on the content of reform, and neglects the actors involved in policy reform (at the international, national sub-national levels), the processes contingent on developing and implementing change and the context within which policy is developed. Focus on policy content diverts attention from understanding the processes which explain why desired policy outcomes fail to emerge. The paper is organized in 4 sections. The first sets the scene, demonstrating how the shift from consensus to conflict in health policy established the need for a greater emphasis on policy analysis. The second section explores what is meant by policy analysis. The third investigates what other disciplines have written that help to develop a framework of analysis. And the final section suggests how policy analysis can be used not only to analyze the policy process, but also to plan.  (+info)

(3/1177) Whose policy is it anyway? International and national influences on health policy development in Uganda.

As national resources for health decline, so dependence on international resources to finance the capital and recurrent costs is increasing. This dependence, combined with an increasing emphasis on policy-based, as opposed to project-based, lending and grant-making has been accompanied by greater involvement of international actors in the formation of national health policy. This paper explores the process of health policy development in Uganda and examines how major donors are influencing and conflicting with national policy-making bodies. Focusing on two examples of user fees and drugs policies, it argues that while the content of international prescriptions to strengthen the health system may not be bad in itself, the process by which they are applied potentially threatens national sovereignty and weakens mechanisms for ensuring accountability. It concludes by proposing that in order to increase the sustainability of policy reforms, much greater emphasis should be placed on strengthening national capacity for policy analysis and research, building up policy networks and enhancing the quality of information available to the public concerning key policy changes.  (+info)

(4/1177) Overview: health financing reforms in Africa.


(5/1177) The fall and rise of cost sharing in Kenya: the impact of phased implementation.

The combined effects of increasing demand for health services and declining real public resources have recently led many governments in the developing world to explore various health financing alternatives. Faced with a significant decline during the 1980s in its real per capita expenditures, the Kenya Ministry of Health (MOH) introduced a new cost sharing programme in December 1989. The programme was part of a comprehensive health financing strategy which also included social insurance, efficiency measures, and private sector development. Early implementation problems led to the suspension in September 1990 of the outpatient registration fee, the major revenue source at the time. In 1991, the Ministry initiated a programme of management improvement and gradual re-introduction of an outpatient fee, but this time as a treatment fee. The new programme was carried out in phases, beginning at the national and provincial levels and proceeding to the local level. The impact of these changes was assessed with national revenue collection reports, quality of care surveys in 6 purposively selected indicator districts, and time series analysis of monthly utilization in these same districts. In contrast to the significant fall in revenue experienced over the period of the initial programme, the later management improvements and fee adjustments resulted in steady increases in revenue. As a percentage of total non-staff expenditures, fiscal year 1993-1994 revenue is estimated to have been 37% at provincial general hospitals, 20% at smaller hospitals, and 21% at health centres. Roughly one third of total revenue is derived from national insurance claims. Quality of care measures, though in some respects improved with cost sharing, were in general somewhat mixed and inconsistent. The 1989 outpatient registration fee led to an average reduction in utilization of 27% at provincial hospitals, 45% at district hospitals, and 33% at health centres. In contrast, phased introduction of the outpatient treatment fee beginning in 1992, combined with somewhat broader exemptions, was associated with much smaller decreases in outpatient utilization. It is suggested that implementing user fees in phases by level of health facility is important to gain patient acceptance, to develop the requisite management systems, and to orient ministry staff to the new systems.  (+info)

(6/1177) Organisation of asthma care: what difference does it make? A systematic review of the literature.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of different forms of organisation (delivery) of asthma care. METHODS: A systematic review of the published evidence of effectiveness organisational methods of asthma management. Searches on computerised databases including Medline, CINAHL, and HELMIS, and relevant citations and letters to experts were used to identify relevant studies. RESULTS: 27 studies were identified that evaluated different organisational methods of delivery across both primary and secondary sectors, such as shared care, general practice asthma clinics, outpatient programmes, inpatient admissions policies, and the use of specialists. Only one third of the studies used a randomised controlled trial and many had small sample sizes. No conclusive evidence was found to favour any particular organisational form, although limited evidence would suggest that specialist care is better than general care and that shared care can be as effective as hospital led care. CONCLUSIONS: There is little good published research evaluating different ways of organising the delivery of asthma care. There is need for quality research on organisational methods of delivery of asthma care that could be used to inform policy makers, in particular examining whether patients treated by healthcare professional with expertise and interest in asthma will experience better outcomes.  (+info)

(7/1177) HMOs and the efficiency of healthcare delivery.

HMOs and other forms of managed care continue to grow rapidly and remain the centerpiece of this nation's policies for health system reform. Despite a growing public and legislative backlash at managed care, there is no comprehensive theory of HMOs to guide policymakers and analysts. It is not yet clear whether managed care improves society's allocation of resources to and within the health sector. After examining HMOs within the context of Coase's theory of the firm, I argue that HMOs share characteristics with collective goods. This framework, and the expanded agency role of physicians under managed care, is used to evaluate the equity and efficiency characteristics of a system of competing HMOs. Other concerns that are increasingly associated with managed care also are addressed.  (+info)

(8/1177) Eradicating guinea worm without wells: unrealized hopes of the Water Decade.

At the start of the United Nations International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade in the 1980s, guinea worm disease was targeted as the major indicator of the success of the Decade's efforts to promote safe water. By the late 1980s, most of the guinea worm endemic countries in Africa and South Asia had established guinea worm eradication programmes that included water supply as one of their main technical strategies. By surveying the water supply situation in Ifeloju Local Government Area (LGA) in Oyo State, Nigeria, in June 1996, as a case study, it was possible to determine the role that water supply has played in the eradication effort. Although two major agencies, the former Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure and UNICEF, provided hand dug and bore-hole wells respectively in many parts of the LGA, coverage of the smaller farm hamlets has been minor compared to efforts in the larger towns. This is ironic because the farm hamlets served as a reservoir for the disease in the 1980s, such that when the piped water system in the towns broke down, guinea worm was easily reintroduced into the towns. The survey of 188 ever-endemic hamlets with an estimated population of 23,556 found that 74.3% of the people still drink only pond water. Another 11.3% have wells that have become dysfunctional. Only 14.4% of this rural population has access' to functioning wells. Guinea worm was eliminated from 107 of the hamlets mainly by the use of cloth filters and chemical treatment of ponds. While this proves that it is possible to eradicate guinea worm, it fails to leave behind the legacy of reliable, safe water supplies that was the hope of the Water Decade.  (+info)


  • Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy . (repec.org)
  • Measuring international electricity integration: a comparative study of the power systems under the Nordic Council, MERCOSUR, and NAFTA ," Energy Policy , Elsevier, vol. 32(13), pages 1457-1475, September. (repec.org)
  • Econometric policy evaluation: A critique ," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy , Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 19-46, January. (repec.org)


  • The plight of the U.S. manufacturing sector has finally attracted notice from policy makers, most notably President Bush, who mentioned manufacturing prominently in a Labor Day address in Ohio. (epi.org)
  • Recent dovish comments from European Central Bank policy makers signal that it is strongly considering taking more action, but divining when or if the central bank will actually move is harder than ever, say experts. (wsj.com)
  • Answers to such questions often help policy makers gauge which policy changes, if any, are needed to address the identified problem. (prezi.com)


  • Policy Adoption The formal selection of public policies through the three branches This is the lengthy process of policy-making, because legislature or the chief executive must approve of this before any action is made. (prezi.com)
  • In 1983, the Legislature created a nonpartisan research organization, the Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP), with a mandate that includes identifying ways to improve outcomes for state residents. (pewtrusts.org)
  • In 2007, the Legislature also created the Evidence-Based Practice Institute, which offers training on evidence-based programs, and has worked with WSIPP to develop and standardize the meaning of "what works" in social policy areas. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Washington's Legislature frequently directs WSIPP to research what programs are effective in achieving policy goals across various human service areas. (pewtrusts.org)


  • Most EBP initiatives seem eminently sensible, testing a plausible policy under conditions that should provide meaningful information about its effectiveness. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • This approach allows us to quantify the trade-off between growth and inflation, to measure the efficiency of the actually applied fiscal policy and to get some plausible modifications that could foster policy efficiency in practice. (repec.org)


  • Budgeting Designate resources to provide for the proper implementation of policy Policies such as providing income security, require funding in order to be carried out. (prezi.com)


  • Because no parameters (other than the mandatory Identity parameter) were specified in the preceding command, the policies will use the default values for all its properties. (microsoft.com)

public policy

  • Because the sharp rise in legacy cost burdens is a direct result of the rapid job loss associated with the policy failure of allowing the dollar to become overvalued, public policy should offer manufacturing firms relief for these burdens. (epi.org)
  • This collection of lectures is a valuable resource for students interested in environmental studies and public policy. (bookdepository.com)
  • Unfortunately, this inevitable result says next to nothing about whether the basic income is a good public policy. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • At the zenith of recent public-policy research sits the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment, a randomized controlled trial that sought to establish the benefits of Medicaid coverage. (nationalaffairs.com)


  • Follow these steps to create a new call detail recording (CDR) policy for a site. (microsoft.com)


  • 2-what has congress done to assert its own role in this policy area? (payloadz.com)
  • Among the topics addressed are difficulties encountered in trying to fashion energy policy in the U.S. congress, the nature of energy policies and environmental polices, the challenges arising from regional conflict over energy policies, and the viability of deregulating electric power production. (bookdepository.com)

Foreign Policy Making

  • 1-Why is the president the dominant force in foreign policy making? (payloadz.com)


  • You can create mobility policies (at the site scope or the per-user scope) by using Windows PowerShell and the New-CsMobilityPolicy cmdlet. (microsoft.com)


  • It makes sense that the people making the decisions know the medium they're negotiating,' said Russ Kennedy, manager of government and industry relations for CompuServe. (wired.com)
  • New York City is failing to comply with a state law mandating that it require unpaid members of policymaking boards and commissions to file financial-disclosure statements, an ethics breach that allows officials on some powerful panels to make decisions without any sunlight on potential conflicts of interest. (wsj.com)
  • These top states-Washington followed by Utah and Minnesota, with Connecticut and Oregon tied for fourth-have consistently pursued key actions to incorporate evidence (findings from program evaluations and outcome analyses) into policy and budget decisions. (pewtrusts.org)


  • Each campus is under the direct administrative and operational control of a Building Official in the system wide office. (csusm.edu)


  • Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile , click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments. (repec.org)
  • In a new report , the Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative names Washington as one of five leading states in evidence-based policymaking. (pewtrusts.org)
  • The report assessed all states based on the presence and sophistication of these actions in four human service policy areas: behavioral health, child welfare, criminal justice, and juvenile justice. (pewtrusts.org)


  • Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our user agreement (effective 3/21/12) and privacy policy (effective 3/21/12). (wired.com)
  • In Select a Site , click the site to which the policy is to be applied and click OK . (microsoft.com)
  • In Name , specify a name for the new site policy. (microsoft.com)


  • Any policy initiative that does not address this overriding problem is wholly insufficient for the short-term resuscitation of the manufacturing sector and risks the health of the wider economy. (epi.org)
  • Because many eligible workers opted for early retirement as job prospects in manufacturing dried up, the problem of "legacy costs" (i.e., retiree pension and health benefits) has been exacerbated for manufacturing firms offering decent benefits. (epi.org)
  • Policy Making Process Determination of a policy's accomplishments, consequences, and shortcomings Policy Evaluation Recognition This involves not only recognizing that an issue exists, but also studying the problem and its causes in detail. (prezi.com)
  • Agenda Setting Government recognition that a problem is worthy of consideration for governmental action After the problem is recognized and defined, the policy must make its way to the attention of public officials to secure a place on an agenda. (prezi.com)
  • We propose to model policy making as a multicriteria problem and solve it using suitable multicriteria techniques in connection with some structural economic model to represent optimal policy making and to get useful policy recommendations. (repec.org)


  • Initiatives to aid workers in acquiring the skills needed in manufacturing. (epi.org)
  • Chief among these are initiatives to provide training programs to aid workers in manufacturing so that workers have the skills to fill the jobs that become available when the competitive position of U.S. manufacturers improves, allowing manufacturing firms to actually take advantage of new opportunities. (epi.org)

Energy Policy

  • The research task in the study was, firstly, to analyse citizens' perceptions of the power structure underlying Finnish energy policy-making. (repec.org)
  • Secondly, we analysed the role of civil society in the energy sector, addressing the question whether Finns feel that they can influence energy policy-making as citizens through general elections (civic participation) or as consumers via their own consumption choices (political consumerism). (repec.org)
  • According to the views expressed, the innermost core of the influence structure of Finland's energy policy-making today comprises only the Cabinet and Parliament, while the second circle is composed of energy-producer firms and big firms. (repec.org)
  • In order to influence energy policy-making, citizens consider their own consumption choices more useful than voting in elections or contacts with MPs, authorities and energy-producing companies. (repec.org)
  • What we call the nation's energy policy attempts to give direction to the production, use, transportation, and distribution of energy to help achieve an array of societal goals in the most compatible ways. (bookdepository.com)


  • The California State University is responsible for the enforcement of building codes on university property as approved by the California Building Commission (CBC). (csusm.edu)
  • At California State University San Marcos, the Deputy Building Official responsibilities are assigned to the Associate Vice President, Facilities Development & Management. (csusm.edu)
  • In order to comply with all relevant statues, regulations, laws, and standards, California State University San Marcos uses the following procedure to determine building code compliance requirements. (csusm.edu)
  • At California State University San Marcos, the following projects are exempt from building permit requirements, as well as any other projects determined by the Deputy Building Official. (csusm.edu)
  • In the short run, improving the state of the manufacturing industry requires alleviating the external pressures on manufacturing. (epi.org)


  • In this title, originally published in 1993, noted analysts provide insight into complex policy issues of significant importance. (bookdepository.com)


  • The few details that emerged indicated the contact group would be made up of four nations including fellow sunni states Saudi Arabia and Turkey, who like Egypt openly back the rebels in Syria, and shia Iran, the Syrian leader President Bashar al Assad's staunchest ally. (cnn.com)


  • The legislation passed is often incremental, with only marginal changes in an existing policy. (prezi.com)


  • In the left navigation bar, click Clients , and then click the Mobility Policy navigation button. (microsoft.com)
  • On the Mobility Policy page, click one of the existing mobility policies. (microsoft.com)


  • President Mohamed Morsy, by virtue of being in the post so briefly, is to a degree making his foreign policy as he goes. (cnn.com)
  • Acting on behalf of the Trustees, and under the authority of the Chancellor and the President, the Deputy Building Official develops and enforces the campus' building permit process. (csusm.edu)


  • Beyond this immediate relief, turning the corner in manufacturing and ensuring that it once again becomes an important pillar in the larger economy will require more wide-ranging policies along a number of dimensions (identified in Weller, Scott, and Bivens (2003), forthcoming). (epi.org)


  • DBO approves and issues Building Permit. (csusm.edu)


  • Additionally, you can use the Set-CsMobilityPolicy cmdlet to modify any of your existing policies, including the global policy. (microsoft.com)


  • Funding for most policies is provided through the congressional budget process. (prezi.com)
  • For evidence to play a valuable role in the policymaking process, social scientists designing their research and policymakers using the results need a better understanding of what evidence provides - and what it cannot. (nationalaffairs.com)


  • Policy and power: A conceptual framework between the ‘old’ and ‘new’ policy idioms ," Policy Sciences , Springer;Society of Policy Sciences, vol. 37(3), pages 339-356, December. (repec.org)


  • To create policies that use different property values, include the appropriate parameter and parameter value. (microsoft.com)


  • Architect or engineer submits Building Permit Application to DBO with all approval letters. (csusm.edu)


  • By many voters the decision was considered a choice between two evils, but since ousting the Mubarak-era military chiefs, the lackluster anti-Morsy protest August 24 indicates most appear to want him to get on with the task of stabilizing the country and creating jobs. (cnn.com)
  • This rise in the dollar's value led to an increase of $408 billion in the manufacturing trade deficit from the first quarter of 1995 to the second quarter of 2003, displacing millions of workers from U.S. manufacturing jobs (Scott 2002). (epi.org)
  • Further, manufacturing has historically been a primary source for middle-class jobs characterized by decent wages and benefits, especially for workers without a college degree (still over 70% of the workforce). (epi.org)


  • This further threatens firms' solvency and the retirement security of manufacturing employees and retirees. (epi.org)


  • The overvalued U.S. dollar has been the single greatest contributor to the crisis in manufacturing. (epi.org)


  • Success will no doubt build his base come the next elections. (cnn.com)
  • Manufacturing fosters solid supply-and-demand growth, providing the base for durable economic growth for the wider economy. (epi.org)


  • Between January 1998 and August 2003, manufacturing employment dropped by three million, and its share of total gross domestic product (GDP) fell from 16.3% in 1998 to 13.9% in 2002. (epi.org)
  • Simply share this product with your friends and family and earn affiliate revenue for every purchase made. (payloadz.com)
  • you just share and make money! (payloadz.com)


  • The manufacturing sector occupies a special place in the U.S. economy. (epi.org)
  • By using a multiobjective approach combined with a Computable General Equilibrium model, we propose the concept of efficient policy and calculate the set of efficient policies for the Spanish economy in an empirical exercise. (repec.org)


  • This policy and any related procedures apply to all areas and members of the campus community, including all contractors/agents who do business with the university. (csusm.edu)
  • A General Equilibrium Model for Tax Policy Evaluation ," National Bureau of Economic Research Books , University of Chicago Press, edition 0, number 9780226036335, September. (repec.org)


  • A General Equilibrium Model for Tax Policy Evaluation ," NBER Books , National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number ball85-1, 01. (repec.org)


  • Since the 1990s, policymakers have used the results to inform program investments in numerous social policy areas, including behavioral health, child welfare, criminal justice, education, and juvenile justice. (pewtrusts.org)


  • It also means toughening future trade agreements (including labor and environmental standards) to protect the U.S. manufacturing sector from unfair foreign competition. (epi.org)


  • Washington is nationally recognized for its routine engagement in evidence-based policymaking. (pewtrusts.org)
  • What makes Washington stand out is how it leverages its internal research hubs such as WSIPP, which has been at the center of many of the state's evidence-based policymaking actions. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Washington state's long-term commitment to evidence-based policymaking serves as an exemplar for other states that want to replicate this approach and achieve better long-term outcomes for taxpayers. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Evidence-based policymaking" is the latest trend in expert government. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • Speaker of the House Paul Ryan and Senator Patty Murray even collaborated on the creation of an Evidence-Based Policymaking Commission that has won praise from both the Urban Institute and the Heritage Foundation. (nationalaffairs.com)