*  Exploring Uses of Auxins
BACKGROUND: Learning more about how plants grow can help scientists find ways of controlling unwanted weeds. Scientists have found that growth hormones, like the ones that were studied in lab, can be artificially synthesized. A plant hormone (growth regulator) is defined as an organic substance produced by a plant that when acting in very small amounts regulates plant physiological processes. Three hormones have been isolated, auxins, gibberellins, and kinetin. We will only deal with auxins, which are the hormones that were discussed in lab.. Scientists have also found that larger amounts of hormones are toxic to plants and can kill certain plants with no adverse reaction to other plants. Some of the synthetic growth regulators affect certain types of plants more than others. Spraying an area with these growth regulators to affect only ...
  http://msnucleus.org/membership/html/k-6/lc/plants/6/lcp6_3a.html
*  Plant cell or cell line, per se, contains exogenous or foreign nucleic acid patent application class
MOLECULAR MARKERS OF PLANT EMBRYOGENESIS - The present invention relates generally to a molecular marker for a plant physiological process and more particularly for plant embryogenesis. The molecular marker is, in one form, a genetic sequence from a monocot plant such as but not limited to oil-palm plants. In another form, the molecular marker is a polypeptide encoded by said genetic sequence. More particularly, the molecular marker of the present invention enables embryogenic tissue to be detected in vitro. The early detection of embryogenic tissue enables non-embryogenic tissue to be discarded. The ability to detect embryogenesis facilitates maximization of embryogenic potential. The present invention further contemplates a molecular marker comprising in one form a sequence of nucleotides encoding an antioxidant or in another form a sequence of amino acids defining a polypeptide having antioxidant ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/class/000527160
*  19th week of 2010 patent applcation highlights part 45
MOLECULAR MARKERS OF PLANT EMBRYOGENESIS - The present invention relates generally to a molecular marker for a plant physiological process and more particularly for plant embryogenesis. The molecular marker is, in one form, a genetic sequence from a monocot plant such as but not limited to oil-palm plants. In another form, the molecular marker is a polypeptide encoded by said genetic sequence. More particularly, the molecular marker of the present invention enables embryogenic tissue to be detected in vitro. The early detection of embryogenic tissue enables non-embryogenic tissue to be discarded. The ability to detect embryogenesis facilitates maximization of embryogenic potential. The present invention further contemplates a molecular marker comprising in one form a sequence of nucleotides encoding an antioxidant or in another form a sequence of amino acids defining a polypeptide having antioxidant ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/hgl/05-13-10/05-13-10_45
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Functional Characterization of Cucumis metuliferus Proteinase Inhibitor Gene (CmSPI) in Potyviruses...
Proteinase inhibitors are ubiquitous proteins that block the active center or interact allosterically with proteinases and are involved in plant physiological processes and defense responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. The CmSPI gene identified from Cucumis metuliferus encodes a serine type PI (8 kDa) that belongs to potato I type family. To evaluate the effect of silencing CmSPI gene on Papaya ringspot virus resistance, RNA interference (RNAi) with an inter-space hairpin RNA (ihpRNA) construct was introduced into a PRSV-resistant C. metuliferus line. CmSPI was down-regulated in CmSPI RNAi transgenic lines in which synchronously PRSV symptoms were evident at 21 day post inoculation. Alternatively, heterogeneous expression of CmSPI in Nicotiana benthamiana was also conducted and showed that CmSPI can provide resistance to Potato virus Y, another member of Potyvirus, in transgenic N. benthamiana lines. This study demonstrated that CmSPI plays an important ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/7/7/3816
*  Wiley: Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 40, 2nd Edition, Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism - Michael Wink
This brand new Annual Plant Reviews volume is the second edition of the highly successful and well-received Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 2. This exciting new volume provides an up-to-date survey of the biochemistry and physiology of plant secondary metabolism. The volume commences with an overview of the biochemistry, physiology and function of secondary metabolism, followed by detailed reviews of the major groups of secondary metabolites: alkaloids and betalains, cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and nonprotein amino acids, phenyl propanoids and related phenolics, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides and saponins. A final chapter discusses the evolution of secondary metabolism.. This carefully compiled new edition brings together chapters from some of the world's leading experts in plant secondary metabolism. Completely revised and brought right up to date with much new information, this volume is an essential purchase for advanced students, ...
  http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1444347918.html
*  Treatment of carinal resections for primary pulmonary carcinoma]. - Semantic Scholar
Threeteen patients of lung cancer of center type underwent carinal resections in our department from January 1985 to December 1996. There were 3 patients, T3N2M0 and 10 patients, T4N2M0. Palliative resections were performed for 3 patients and radical resections, for 10 patients. Carinal resection with right pneumonectomy was done in 3 patients, part carinal resection with right pneumonectomy 6 patients, part carinal resection with left pneumonectomy 1 case, and part carinal resection with right sleeve upper and middle lobectomy 3 patients. There were no operative complications and deaths. The 3-year survival rate was 54% and the 5-year survival rates, 30%. One patient has survived for 8 years. The satisfied results of operative therapy were followed when no lymph node metastesis in mediastinum and mass could be resected.
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Treatment-of-carinal-resections-for-primary-pulmo-Ge-Zhao/2d0d4b8fba72baea937f134f73cc06121b81f19d
*  2015 Annual Plant Sale « Down To Earth Garden Club
The Down to Earth Garden Club will be holding its annual plant sale Friday, May 22 from 7:00 a.m.-5:30 p.m. and Saturday, May 23 from 7:45 a.m. until 12:30 p.m. The sale will be held at BMP Systems, Inc. 1263 Maple Ave. This near the intersection of Maple Ave. and Shaffer Road. We are a non-profit organization and all proceeds go to the upkeep of landscaping and gardens in the area.. Plants are sold by pot size and pots are measured at the center diameter. No plants will be held unless they are paid for and the group cannot be responsible for plants left overnight. All plants are grown locally and adapted to our climate. Most of them have been overwintered in the pots and have well developed root systems. Some few have been dug this spring but should thrive as they are being dug before they are in full growth. Number of each variety varies. There may be one or there may be many.. The plant list is tentative ...
  http://downtoearthgardenclub.org/2015/05/2015-annual-plant-sale/
*  Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Cell Separation and Adhesion - Jeremy A. Roberts, Zinnia Gonzalez-Carranza - Sciences formelles
Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Cell Separation and Adhesion : Cell separation is an important process that occurs throughout the life cycle of a plant. It enables the radicle to emerge from the germinating seed, vascular tissue to differentiate, sculpturing of leaves and flowers to take place, pollen to be shed from the mature anther, fruit to soften, senescent and non-functional organs to be lost, and seeds to be shed. In addition to its intrinsic
  http://www.youscribe.com/catalogue/livres/savoirs/sciences-formelles/annual-plant-reviews-plant-cell-separation-and-adhesion-2798213
*  Annual Plant Reviews, Cell Cycle Control and Plant Development : 9781281320339
Annual Plant Reviews, Cell Cycle Control and Plant Development, 9781281320339, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
  https://www.bookdepository.com/Annual-Plant-Reviews-Cell-Cycle-Control-Plant-Development/9781281320339
*  Frontmatter - Annual Plant Reviews Volume 32: Cell Cycle Control and Plant Development - Wiley Online Library
Inzé, D. (ed) (2007) Frontmatter, in Annual Plant Reviews Volume 32: Cell Cycle Control and Plant Development, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470988923.fmatter ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470988923.fmatter/summary
*  Earth's Internet & Natural Networking: April 2013
A healthy chaparral plant community is a mycorrhizal one. On the other hand, the weedy type annual plants generally come from a flood plain with it's bacterial system where most of the nutrients wash down from the higher locations and collect and settle on the valley floors. In the old days, weeds never really got a foothold on mountainous areas or foothills, but times have changed as these areas have become richer in nutrient content, no doubt as a result of various pollution components by mankind which have gradually accumulated over the decades to allow for this unnatural succession of invasive non-native annual plant community to take over. Not to mention the complete disappearance of the healthy mycorrhizal community which outcompetes weedy ruderals for nutrients that keeps the weeds in check. This is where I took it upon myself while working there to experiment with a portion of that Starlight Hill that I have revealed to you in any of the photos. ...
  http://creating-a-new-earth.blogspot.se/2013_04_01_archive.html
*  Download Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Hormone Signaling (Volume 24) by Peter Hedden, Stephen G. Thomas PDF - consultoria y Books
3b). , 1996). The CE1 motif, at least in maize, has been shown to be a target of the ERF/AP2-type transcription factor ABI4 (Fig. 3b) (Niu & Bate, 2002). ZmABI4 is probably the ortholog of ABI4 in Arabidopsis, as the former complements the abi4 mutant. , 2002). Important motifs for its proper regulation by ABA and drought are recognized by the MYC helix-loop-helix (CACATG) and MYB (TGGTTAG) classes of transcription factors. , 2003; Yamaguchi-Shinozaki & Shinozaki, 2005). , 1997) have produced a wealth of mutants affected in ABA responses. Recent evidence showed that ABA suppresses the hydrolytic activity of the Hϩ-ATPase, most likely by decreasing the phosphorylation of this proton pump, which in turn would have lower affinity for the binding of 14-3-3 proteins (Zhang, X. , 2004). There is no firm idea concerning the types of kinases and protein phosphatases that ensure the correct balance of the Hϩ-ATPase activity. , 2004), which are expressed in guard cells, might also be interesting to ...
  http://travelideas.es/pdf/annual-plant-reviews-plant-hormone-signaling-volume-24
*  Full-Sun Annual Plants | Home Guides | SF Gate
While many plants suffer from sunscald if exposed to prolonged periods of direct sunlight, some fare well in the sunshine. If you are looking for annuals that thrive in direct sun, you can choose ...
  http://homeguides.sfgate.com/fullsun-annual-plants-40106.html
*  Roots of annual plants: stress tolerance, nutrient absorption, genotype selection - Roots Lab - Penn State University
Este trabalho descreve sucintamente a potencialidade dos sistemas radiculares das plantas para a ciência agronômica considerando as crescentes limitações hídricas e nutricionais possíveis no cenário global atual e futuro. São detalhados conceitos teóricos sobre a funcionalidade da arquitetura da raiz, a importância de traços como os pelos radiculares e detalhes da anatomia, enfatizando a formação de aerênquimas diante de estresses ambientais, para plantas anuais, basicamente mono e dicotiledôneas. São diferenciados os tipos característicos de raízes desses tipos de plantas mostrando os ideótipos para a aquisição de água e nutrientes, notadamente fósforo e nitrogênio. É destacada a importância dos pelos radiculares para o aumento da área de absorção de fósforo das raízes, para a liberação de fósforo do solo, além da absorção de água. Os referidos detalhes anatômicos são as modificações ocorrentes nas células do córtex das raízes, formando aerênquimas ...
  http://plantscience.psu.edu/research/labs/roots/publications/overviews/roots-of-annual-plants-stress-tolerance-nutrient-acquisition-genotype-selection
*  Annuals & Biennials | Plants | PlantAdvice.co.uk
Annual plants complete their entire life cycle in one year, whereas Biennial plants complete their life cycle over two growing season.
  http://www.plantadvice.co.uk/plants/show_cat_plants.php?id=2&PrintFormat=yes
*  Annuals & Biennials | Plants | PlantAdvice.co.uk
Annual plants complete their entire life cycle in one year, whereas Biennial plants complete their life cycle over two growing season.
  http://www.plantadvice.co.uk/plants/show_cat_plants.php?id=2&page=7&sort=latin&PrintFormat=yes
*  Annuals & Biennials | Plants | PlantAdvice.co.uk
Annual plants complete their entire life cycle in one year, whereas Biennial plants complete their life cycle over two growing season.
  http://www.plantadvice.co.uk/plants/show_cat_plants.php?id=2&page=8&sort=latin&PrintFormat=yes
*  Einträge mit Organisationseinheit "10 Fachbereich Biologie | Plant Membrane Biophysics" - TUbiblio
In: Membrane transport in plants / ed. by Michael R. Blatt.- Oxford [u.a.] : Blackwell [u.a.], 2004.- XX, 372 S.- (Annual plant reviews ; 15).- ISBN 1-405-11803-2.- S. 279-293 ...
  http://tubiblio.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/view/divisions/fb10=5Fbotanik=7Emb.html
*  Plant Life: Corn
Corn (Zea mays) is a coarse, annual plant of the grass (Gramineae) family. It ranges in height from 3 to 15 feet and has a solid, jointed stalk, and long, narrow leaves. A stalk usually bears one to three cobs, which develop kernels of corn when fertilized. Corn no longer grows in the wild; it requires human help in removing and planting the kernels to ensure reproduction ...
  http://lifeofplant.blogspot.com/2011/05/corn.html
*  How to Increase Fruit Yields With Mulch | Home Guides | SF Gate
Mulching the area around any fruit-bearing plant -- trees, vines or annual plants -- conserves moisture and controls weeds. But fruit yield gets a boost from the application of mulch, as well. ...
  http://homeguides.sfgate.com/increase-fruit-yields-mulch-21505.html
*  OSU Trials: Best of the Best - Greenhouse Product News
I know many of you rely on university trials to plan for your upcoming season. So, following along with the trend I've been covering over the past several weeks, I'd like to share more top trial performers with you. Ohio State University recently announced its "Best of the Best" from its 2013 annual plant trials. These plants received a perfect score on all four evaluations taken over the summer. Here are some of this year's trial favorites. Perhaps they'll find their way into your production! If you'd like to learn more about OSU's trials, go to http://ohiofloriculture.osu.edu/cultivar-trials. Coleus 'Kong Jr. Scarlet' (Ball Ingenuity). ...
  http://gpnmag.com/2013/11/osu-trials-best-best/
*  Browsing Gwyddorau Biolegol, Amgylcheddol a Gwledig / Biological, Environmental & Rural Sciences by Title
Background and Aims Brachypodium distachyon is being widely investigated across the world as a model plant for temperate cereals. This annual plant has three cytotypes (2n = 10, 20, 30) that are still regarded as part of ...
  http://cadair.aber.ac.uk/dspace/handle/2160/500/browse?order=ASC&rpp=20&sort_by=1&etal=-1&offset=2007&type=title
*  Ceratocarpus | Article about Ceratocarpus by The Free Dictionary
Looking for Ceratocarpus? Find out information about Ceratocarpus. a genus of monoecious annual plants of the family Rubiaceae. The forked-branching, pubescent herbs measure 5-30 cm tall and usually form small, globose... Explanation of Ceratocarpus
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Ceratocarpus
*  ជំពូក​ទី​៥-ពន្ធុវិទ្យា និង បសិដ្ឋកម្មពូជ | Chouk Khmer
ដំណាំ​ស្រូវ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ពិនិត្យ​ដោយ បណ្ឌិត ម៉ែន សារុម ជំពូក​៥ ពន្ធុវិទ្យា និង បសិដ្ឋកម្ម​ពូជ ម៉ែន សារុម និង ពិត ខុនហ៊ែល ៥.១. ពន្ធុសាស្ត្រ​នៃ​ដំណាំ​ស្រូវ (Rice genetics) ស្រូវ​គឺជា​រុក្ខជាតិ​ឯកវត្ស (Annual plant) ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​ចាត់​ទៅ​ក្នុង​ក្រុម​ឯកពិជបត្ត​រុក្ខជាតិ (Monocotyledon) ឬ រុក្ខជាតិ​ដែល​មាន​ពន្លក​ស្លឹក​មួយ​នៅ​ក្នុង​គ្រាប់ និង​ជា​រុក្ខជាតិ​ដែល​ត្រូវការ​រយៈ​ពន្លឺ​ថ្ងៃ​ខ្លី ...
  https://choukhmer.wordpress.com/agriculture/rice-production-in-cambodia/rice-genetics-and-breeding/
*  Nikki's Gardening Blog: Heuchera's enemy No. 1
As well as using annual plants which are good for vibrant colour and grow very quickly, I add some perennials to give height and substance at the beginning of the season. The bonus of using perennials is that at the end of the season these can be moved into the garden beds in the autumn. ...
  http://nikkisgardeningblog.blogspot.com/2013/01/heuchera-and-hidden-pest.html

(1/35) Flux-based transport enhancement as a plausible unifying mechanism for auxin transport in meristem development.

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(2/35) Thigmomorphogenesis: a complex plant response to mechano-stimulation.

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(3/35) Phytohormone-based activity mapping of insect herbivore-produced elicitors.

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(4/35) Joining forces: the interface of gravitropism and plastid protein import.

In flowering plants, gravity perception appears to involve the sedimentation of starch-filled plastids, called amyloplasts, within specialized cells (the statocytes) of shoots (endodermal cells) and roots (columella cells). Unfortunately, how the physical information derived from amyloplast sedimentation is converted into a biochemical signal that promotes organ gravitropic curvature remains largely unknown. Recent results suggest an involvement of the Translocon of the Outer Envelope of (Chloro)plastids (TOC) in early phases of gravity signal transduction within the statocytes. This review summarizes our current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms that govern gravity signal transduction in flowering plants and summarizes models that attempt to explain the contribution of TOC proteins in this important behavioral plant growth response to its mechanical environment.  (+info)

(5/35) The insect-trapping rim of Nepenthes pitchers: surface structure and function.

Carnivorous pitcher plants of the genus Nepenthes capture prey with a pitfall trap that relies on a micro-structured, slippery surface. The upper pitcher rim (peristome) is fully wettable and causes insects to slip by aquaplaning on a thin water film. The high wettability of the peristome is probably achieved by a combination of hydrophilic surface chemistry, surface roughness and the presence of hygroscopic nectar. Insect foot attachment could be prevented by the delayed drainage of the thin water film between the adhesive pad and the surface. Drainage should be faster for insects with a hairy adhesive system; however, they slip equally on the wet peristome. Therefore the stability of the water film against dewetting appears to be the key factor for aquaplaning. New experimental techniques may help to clarify the detailed function of the pitcher plant peristome and to explore its potential for biomimetic applications.  (+info)

(6/35) Techniques for technetium scintigraphy in plants.

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(7/35) Unraveling the paradoxes of plant hormone signaling integration.

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(8/35) Interactions between hemiparasitic plants and their hosts: the importance of organic carbon transfer.

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