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*  The Genetic Basis of Plant Physiological Processes : John King : 9780195048575
The Genetic Basis of Plant Physiological Processes by John King, 9780195048575, available at Book Depository with free delivery ... This book shows how the study of fundamental plant physiological processes is being advanced through the science of genetics. ... Plant Physiology Table of contents. MUTANTS AFFECTING PLANT NUTRITION AND METABOLISM: Mutants affecting water relatios and ... 4, 1993 'Although the author states that his objective is not to provide a complete account of plant physiological genetics, ...
  https://www.bookdepository.com/Genetic-Basis-Plant-Physiological-Processes-John-King/9780195048575
*  Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology | SpringerLink
... a group of plants considered by those wh ... Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology. Toward a Synthesis ... It was also a time at which it seemed that numerical methods in plant ecology could be used to delineate significant processes ... 2.Department of Plant BiologyCarnegie Institution of WashingtonStanfordUSA. *3.School of BotanyUniversity of New South Wales ... Melde Pflanzenphysiologie Pflanzenökologie biology ecology ecosystem physiology plant physiology Authors and affiliations. *C. ...
  https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-642-67637-6
*  Radiation Processed Carrageenan Improves Plant Growth, Physiological Activities, and Alkaloids Production in Catharanthus...
Radiation Processed Carrageenan Improves Plant Growth, Physiological Activities, and Alkaloids Production in Catharanthus ... physiological activities, and production of anticancer alkaloids in C. roseus at 120 and 150 days after planting (DAP). Foliar ... has been proven as plant growth promoting substance for a number of medicinal and agricultural plants. Considering the ... 1Plant Physiology Section, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002, India. 2College of Arts and ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/abot/2015/150474/abs/
*  Effect of Ecdysterone on Morphological and Physiological Processes in Plants, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology | 10.1023/B...
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of ... "Effect of Ecdysterone on Morphological and Physiological Processes in Plants, ... Effect of Ecdysterone on Morphological and Physiological Processes in Plants Golovatskaya, I. 2004-10-18 00:00:00 In order to ... Effect of Ecdysterone on Morphological and Physiological Processes in Plants. Golovatskaya, I. ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-ecdysterone-on-morphological-and-physiological-processes-in-zQWngWoUrk
*  Exploring transcriptional signalling mediated by OsWRKY13, a potential regulator of multiple physiological processes in rice |...
AP2/EREBP genes and six of the seven differentially expressed MYB genes were suppressed by in OsWRKY13-activated plants. A ... elements of OsWRKY13-influenced genes were analyzed using the whole genome expression profiling of OsWRKY13-activated plants ... These plants were inoculated with Xoo strain PXO61 at booting stage. Ten plants showed significantly increased susceptibility ( ... Exploring transcriptional signalling mediated by OsWRKY13, a potential regulator of multiple physiological processes in rice. ...
  https://0-bmcplantbiol-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1471-2229-9-74
*  Register of Ecological Models: TRESTLE
MODULE 5. Key plant physiological processes are numerically described, which determine the production of new leaf area and ... plant physiological processes, 6. the TRESTLE data-base, collating species-specific variables required as model inputs. MODULE ... energy-water-carbon-nitrogen cycles with a description of the key physiological processes operating within the plant, embedded ... The following processes are calculated at the daily time step, as are their dependencies on fluctuations in different ...
  http://ecobas.org/www-server/rem/mdb/trestle.html
*  Plants & Ultraviolet Light | Garden Guides
Ultraviolet light can also do damage to the plant's physiological processes. UV-B radiation reduces the amount of pollen that ... When plants are hit with ultraviolet light, this event triggers the plant's defense mechanisms. The plant then becomes more ... the plant is able to release, according to Plant Cell. The UV-B also reduces the biomass of the plant. These plants also ... The ultraviolet light tricks the plant into thinking that it is wounded, which occurs when the plant is being feed on by ...
  https://www.gardenguides.com/132133-plants-ultraviolet-light.html
*  Leaf Responses to the Environment and Extrapolation to Larger Scales | SpringerLink
... of the major biomes of the world depends on the conversion of CO2and photons of solar radiation to carbohydrates by the process ... Osmond, C.B., Björkman, O. and Anderson, D.J. (1980). Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology. Toward a Synthesis with ... In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology. Physiological Plant Ecology II, ed. O. Lange, P.S. Nobel, C.B. Osmond and H. Ziegler. Vol ... Larcher, W. (1980). Physiological Plant Ecology. 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4615-2816-6_4
*  Productivity and Environment | SpringerLink
There is little doubt that the survival of an autotrophic plant is based on its ability to maintain a positive carbon balance ... In: Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology. Ecological Studies (Analysis and Synthesis), vol 36. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg ... 2.Department of Plant BiologyCarnegie Institution of WashingtonStanfordUSA. *3.School of BotanyUniversity of New South Wales ... There is little doubt that the survival of an autotrophic plant is based on its ability to maintain a positive carbon balance ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-67637-6_10
*  CONSTANS Imparts DNA Sequence Specificity to the Histone Fold NF-YB/NF-YC Dimer | Plant Cell
NF-Y subunits have been implicated in a plethora of physiological plant processes. Specifically, there is well established ... Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant Cell Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the Plant Cell web ... C) Expression of At-NF-YC9 transgenes in transgenic plants. Protein expression in the plant lines used for the flowering time ... 2013). CCAAT-box binding transcription factors in plants: Y so many? Trends Plant Sci. 18: 157-166. ...
  http://www.plantcell.org/content/29/6/1516
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Mechanisms of Heat Stress Tolerance in Plants | HTML
Plant responses to HT vary with the degree and duration of HT and the plant type. HT is now a major concern for crop production ... and whole plant levels and describes various approaches being taken to enhance thermotolerance in plants. ... Plant survival under HT stress depends on the ability to perceive the HT stimulus, generate and transmit the signal, and ... Plants possess a number of adaptive, avoidance, or acclimation mechanisms to cope with HT situations. In addition, major ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/5/9643/htm
*  Hydrogen isotope biogeochemistry - Wikipedia
Plant water can be used to characterize other plant physiological processes that affect the hydrologic cycle; for example, leaf ... These cellular processes promote the exchange between organic H and H2O within the plant tissues leading to around 158‰ of D- ... A comparison of soil water and plant xylem water δD can be used to infer the depth at which plant roots get water from the soil ... Plant leaf waxes for more details] Sugars The relative global abundance of D in plants is in the following order: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_isotope_biogeochemistry
*  University of Wyoming | Office of the Registrar | Rangeland Ecology and Watershed Management
Rangeland Plant Ecophysiology. 3. Examines plant physiological processes that have application to ecological and land ... Poisonous Plants and Plant Toxins. 3. Plants poisonous to livestock in Wyoming and the Mountain West; identification, ecology, ... Plant Ecophysiology/Plant Form and Function. 4. Integration of basic vascular plant anatomy, morphology, physiology within the ... Topics include carbon assimilation, water relations, mineral nutrition as applied to plant distributions, plant and system ...
  http://www.uwyo.edu/registrar/university_catalog/rewm.html
*  An algal photoenzyme converts fatty acids to hydrocarbons | Science
Integrating circadian dynamics with physiological processes in plants. Nat. Rev. Genet. 16, 598-610 (2015). doi:10.1038/nrg3976 ... Ultrafast catalytic processes in enzymes. Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 11, 174-181 (2007). doi:10.1016/j.cbpa.2007.02.034pmid: ... ATP binding turns plant cryptochrome into an efficient natural photoswitch. Sci. Rep. 4, 5175 (2014). doi:10.1038/srep05175pmid ... C. variabilis and C. reinhardtii FAP did not group with the plant clade but instead belonged to a separate clade that contained ...
  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/357/6354/903.full
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... that isotope composition analysis for transition elements could become an empirical tool to study plant physiological processes ... In high Zn treatment, Zn could compete with Ni during the uptake process, which reduced Ni concentration in plants and ... CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is an adaptor protein involving in a variety of physiological and disease processes. Renal ... All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) exerts various effects on physiological processes such as cell growth, differentiation, ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Rong+Liang
*  Frontiers | Nitric Oxide (NO) in Plant Heat Stress Tolerance: Current Knowledge and Perspectives | Plant Science
... is gaining increasing attention from plant science community due to its involvement in resistance to various plant stress ... Several lines of evidence indicate NO as a key signaling molecule in mediating various plant responses such as photosynthesis, ... Although progress is underway, much work remains to define the functional relevance of this molecule in plant heat tolerance. ... Several lines of evidence indicate NO as a key signaling molecule in mediating various plant responses such as photosynthesis, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2017.01582/full
*  Nonlinear temperature effects indicate severe damages to U.S. crop yields under climate change | PNAS
These studies emphasize the dynamic physiological process of plant growth, seed formation, and yield. The process is understood ... Plants use CO2 as an input in the photosynthesis process, so increasing CO2 levels might spur plant growth and yields. Yield ... History of ant-plant relationships. Using phylogenetic analysis, researchers report that ants used plants for food and nesting ... In practice, northern regions tend to plant later than southern regions, and planting dates may vary from year-to-year ...
  https://www.pnas.org/content/106/37/15594
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Plant Biology, Issue 82, Plant, Plant Preparations, Plant Physiological Processes, Plant Pathology, micropreparation, ... Plants, Genetically Modified, DNA, Plant, RNA, Gene Targeting, Plant Physiological Processes, Genes, Gene gun, Gibson assembly ... Plants can then be placed in these soil treatments to determine the effect of plant-induced soil heterogeneity on plant ... Plant cell wall degrading enzymes (PCWDEs) are therefore important in a wide range of biotechnological processes from the ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/21179425/diversity-beetle-genes-encoding-novel-plant-cell-wall-degrading
*  UAEU Course Catalog
This course aims at studying the fundamental concepts of major plant physiological processes. It includes applications of plant ... plant-water relations and stomatal behavior, and physiological responses of plants to stressful environments including oxygen ... Plant Anatomy (BIOG470). This course aims at covering the major aspects of the internal structure of vascular plants, with an ... Plant Physiology (BIOG450). This course aims at studying the advances and applications of plant biochemistry and metabolism. It ...
  https://www.uaeu.ac.ae/en/catalog/courses/course_2902.shtml?id=BIOL463
*  This course attempts to provide an overview of environmental science: the interactions between humans and the environment, with...
This course aims at studying the fundamental concepts of major plant physiological processes. It includes applications of plant ... plant-water relations and stomatal behavior, and physiological responses of plants to stressful environments including oxygen ... Plant Anatomy (BIOG470). This course aims at covering the major aspects of the internal structure of vascular plants, with an ... Plant Physiology (BIOG450). This course aims at studying the advances and applications of plant biochemistry and metabolism. It ...
  https://www.uaeu.ac.ae/en/catalog/courses/course_2902.shtml?id=BIOE240
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Plant Biology, Issue 82, Plant, Plant Preparations, Plant Physiological Processes, Plant Pathology, micropreparation, ... Plants can then be placed in these soil treatments to determine the effect of plant-induced soil heterogeneity on plant ... The plant cuticle is a waxy outer covering on plants that has a primary role in water conservation, but is also an important ... Through this method we have produced plant material with a 4.4 atom%13C and 6.7 atom%15N uniform plant label, or material that ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/20700511/plant-species-loss-affects-life-history-traits-aphids-their
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Plant Biology, Issue 82, Plant, Plant Preparations, Plant Physiological Processes, Plant Pathology, micropreparation, ... Plants can then be placed in these soil treatments to determine the effect of plant-induced soil heterogeneity on plant ... Plant Physiological Phenomena, Ustilago maydis, needle injection inoculation, disease rating scale, plant-pathogen interactions ... The plant cuticle is a waxy outer covering on plants that has a primary role in water conservation, but is also an important ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/24205187/linking-plant-specialization-to-dependence-interactions-for-seed-set
*  Patent US5498533 - Control of growth and development of potato plants - Google Patents
Transgenic potato plants carrying sense nucleic acid constructs of pPCM-1, a cDNA clone of potato calmodulin, exhibit ... More particularly, a method of controlling growth and development of potato plants by increasing or decreasing the expression ... unexpected increased shoot and tuber growth, whereas plants carrying antisense nucleic acid constructs exhibit decreased shoot ... A method of controlling growth and development of plants is provided herein. ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5498533
*  isoprene | chemical compound | Britannica.com
... volatile liquid hydrocarbon obtained in processing petroleum or coal tar and used as a chemical raw material. The formula is C ... Isoprenoids play widely varying roles in the physiological processes of plants and animals. They also have a number of ... Many plant substances have formulas that are small multiples of C5H8. The formation of isoprene upon thermal decomposition of ... Isoprene, also called 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene, a colourless, volatile liquid hydrocarbon obtained in processing petroleum or ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/isoprene
*  Plant roots in the dark see light | EurekAlert! Science News
Roots can thus effectively adapt plant growth to the light conditions in the environment. ... that roots react directly to light which is transmitted from the shoot to the underground parts of Arabidopsis thaliana plants ... Light is first detected by photoreceptors in the shoot of a plant. Physiological processes in the plant are mediated by light ... Hence, these plants had "blind" roots. The scientists grew these modified plants along with control plants; their roots were in ...
  https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-11/mpif-pri110316.php

(1/35) Flux-based transport enhancement as a plausible unifying mechanism for auxin transport in meristem development.

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(2/35) Thigmomorphogenesis: a complex plant response to mechano-stimulation.

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(3/35) Phytohormone-based activity mapping of insect herbivore-produced elicitors.

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(4/35) Joining forces: the interface of gravitropism and plastid protein import.

In flowering plants, gravity perception appears to involve the sedimentation of starch-filled plastids, called amyloplasts, within specialized cells (the statocytes) of shoots (endodermal cells) and roots (columella cells). Unfortunately, how the physical information derived from amyloplast sedimentation is converted into a biochemical signal that promotes organ gravitropic curvature remains largely unknown. Recent results suggest an involvement of the Translocon of the Outer Envelope of (Chloro)plastids (TOC) in early phases of gravity signal transduction within the statocytes. This review summarizes our current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms that govern gravity signal transduction in flowering plants and summarizes models that attempt to explain the contribution of TOC proteins in this important behavioral plant growth response to its mechanical environment.  (+info)

(5/35) The insect-trapping rim of Nepenthes pitchers: surface structure and function.

Carnivorous pitcher plants of the genus Nepenthes capture prey with a pitfall trap that relies on a micro-structured, slippery surface. The upper pitcher rim (peristome) is fully wettable and causes insects to slip by aquaplaning on a thin water film. The high wettability of the peristome is probably achieved by a combination of hydrophilic surface chemistry, surface roughness and the presence of hygroscopic nectar. Insect foot attachment could be prevented by the delayed drainage of the thin water film between the adhesive pad and the surface. Drainage should be faster for insects with a hairy adhesive system; however, they slip equally on the wet peristome. Therefore the stability of the water film against dewetting appears to be the key factor for aquaplaning. New experimental techniques may help to clarify the detailed function of the pitcher plant peristome and to explore its potential for biomimetic applications.  (+info)

(6/35) Techniques for technetium scintigraphy in plants.

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(7/35) Unraveling the paradoxes of plant hormone signaling integration.

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(8/35) Interactions between hemiparasitic plants and their hosts: the importance of organic carbon transfer.

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  • genes
  • To determine the putative transcriptional regulation mechanism of OsWRKY13, the putative cis -acting elements of OsWRKY13-influenced genes were analyzed using the whole genome expression profiling of OsWRKY13 -activated plants generated with the Affymetrix GeneChip Rice Genome Array. (beds.ac.uk)
  • all seven differentially expressed AP2/EREBP genes and six of the seven differentially expressed MYB genes were suppressed by in OsWRKY13 -activated plants. (beds.ac.uk)
  • H+ -ATPases in plants are expressed from a multigene subfamily, and Arabidopsis thaliana for instance, have 12 different H+ -ATPase genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach is called reverse genetics and it is a powerful and sensitive tool to study the function of genes and, when combined with studies in higher plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana, can be used to study molecular plant evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • growth
  • Radiation Processed Carrageenan Improves Plant Growth, Physiological Activities, and Alkaloids Production in Catharanthus roseus L. (hindawi.com)
  • Gamma-rays irradiated carrageenan (ICR) has been proven as plant growth promoting substance for a number of medicinal and agricultural plants. (hindawi.com)
  • Considering the importance of ICR as a promoter of plant growth and alkaloids production in C. roseus , a pot experiment was carried out to explore the effect of ICR on the plant growth, physiological activities, and production of anticancer alkaloids in C. roseus at 120 and 150 days after planting (DAP). (hindawi.com)
  • The regulation of growth processes was affected by a wide range of ECD concentrations (10-13-10-5 M), whereas some metabolic processes, such as the activation of α-amylase and the retardation of leaf yellowing, by a narrow range, that is, 10-9-10-7 M and 10-9-10-8 M, respectively. (deepdyve.com)
  • TRESTLE, Tree Response, Establishment and Succession in the Transient Landscape of Europe, is a modularised, process-based model of tree growth integrating energy-water-carbon-nitrogen cycles with a description of the key physiological processes operating within the plant, embedded into a community dynamics forest model of the gap-type. (ecobas.org)
  • Module B will cover advanced techniques in soil and water mineral analysis, collection and preservation of plant herbarium specimens, algal isolation and growth in liquid media. (uaeu.ac.ae)
  • The best time to take cuttings is when the plant is experiencing a flush of growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increases in atmospheric CO2 concentration affect how plants photosynthesise, resulting in increases in plant water use efficiency, enhanced photosynthetic capacity and increased growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • As water supply is critical for plant growth, it plays a key role in determining the distribution of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • They affect which tissues grow upward and which grow downward, leaf formation and stem growth, fruit development and ripening, plant longevity, and even plant death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hormones are vital to plant growth, and, lacking them, plants would be mostly a mass of undifferentiated cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant hormones affect gene expression and transcription levels, cellular division, and growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are naturally produced within plants, though very similar chemicals are produced by fungi and bacteria that can also affect plant growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • these manmade compounds are called Plant Growth Regulators or PGRs for short. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant hormones are not nutrients, but chemicals that in small amounts promote and influence the growth, development, and differentiation of cells and tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not all plant cells respond to hormones, but those cells that do are programmed to respond at specific points in their growth cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants need hormones at very specific times during plant growth and at specific locations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary metabolites are compounds that are directly involved in the growth and development of a plant whereas secondary metabolites are compounds produced in other metabolic pathways that, although important, are not essential to the functioning of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • survival
  • Key plant physiological processes are numerically described, which determine the production of new leaf area and woody tissue, and which influence the competition status of the individual species, thereby affecting the potential for survival. (ecobas.org)
  • There is little doubt that the survival of an autotrophic plant is based on its ability to maintain a positive carbon balance even under severe stress conditions, and also that its reproductive potential is dependent on its ability to gain carbon and energy by photosynthesis. (springer.com)
  • In the 1970s, however, new research showed that secondary plant metabolites play an indispensable role in the survival of the plant in its environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1996
  • 1996. An integrated biosphere model of land surface processes, terrestrial carbon balance, and vegetation dynamics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pathologie der Pflanzenzelle, 1937-39.Works by Küster that have translated into English: "Pathological plant anatomy", 1903 "Contribution to the Process of Leaf Fall", 1967 "Pathology of the plant cell": Part 1, 1975 "Pathology of Protoplasm (Pathology of the Plant Cell, Part 1)", 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • He had a second stint at CSIRO Division of Plant Industry during 1996-98, this time as a career fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biology
  • In the spring of 1969 a small meeting was convened at the CSIRO Riverina Laboratory, Deniliquin, New South Wales, to discuss the biology of the genus Atriplex, a group of plants considered by those who attended to be of profound importance both in relation to range management in the region and as a tool in physiological research. (springer.com)
  • This course aims at covering diverse topics including evolution, speciation, systematic, diversity of plants and animals, plant form and function, animal form and function, and conservation biology. (uaeu.ac.ae)
  • Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaing, School of Integrative Biology, Department of Plant Biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known for his research in the field of molecular biology of plants, Grover is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science academies namely the National Academy of Sciences, India, the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science Academy as well as the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • soils
  • It is a deterministic model operating at the daily time-step, and calculates: - soil water content - drainage rate - lateral flow for unsaturated and saturated layers - surface runoff - water loss through soil evaporation and plant transpiration for soils of known texture and under vegetational cover of known composition and structure, for both free-draining profiles and profiles overlying impermeable layers. (ecobas.org)
  • Soils can be collected from the zone of root influence (soils from the rhizosphere and directly adjacent to the rhizosphere) of plants in the field from conspecific and heterospecific plant species. (jove.com)
  • Important contributions from the medieval Muslim world include Ibn Wahshiyya's Nabatean Agriculture, Abū Ḥanīfa Dīnawarī's (828-896) the Book of Plants, and Ibn Bassal's The Classification of Soils. (wikipedia.org)
  • insights
  • Most take the form of a brief introduction followed by a discussion of the isolation and characterization of the mutants in question, and then by examples of how these mutants have been used to provide physiological insights. (bookdepository.com)
  • Nevertheless, deep insights into the functional intermediaries or signal transduction components associated with NO-mediated heat stress signaling are imperative to uncover their involvement in plant hormone induced feed-back regulations, ROS/NO balance, and stress induced gene transcription. (frontiersin.org)
  • Based on biologically realistic assumptions, theoretical ecologists are able to uncover novel, non-intuitive insights about natural processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • Although, progress is underway, much work remains to define the functional relevance of this molecule in plant heat tolerance. (frontiersin.org)
  • However, little is still known on the functional effect of these interactions on plant reproductive success. (jove.com)
  • Plant functional dependence on pollinators (all interactions pooled) can be estimated by comparing seed set with and without pollinators (i.e. bagging flowers to exclude them). (jove.com)
  • diversity
  • The major theme will be devoted to describe and analyze the molecules of life, cell structure and function, and plants/animals diversity, structure and function. (uaeu.ac.ae)
  • We used a grassland biodiversity experiment and measured the effects of two components of plant diversity, plant species richness and the presence of nitrogen-fixing legumes, on several life-history traits of naturally colonizing aphids and their primary and secondary parasitoids in the field. (jove.com)
  • Thus, life-history traits of organisms at higher trophic levels may be useful indicators of bottom-up effects of plant diversity on the biodiversity of consumers. (jove.com)
  • For ca. 30% of plant species in each community, we obtained the following specialization measures: (i) linkage level (number of interactions), (ii) diversity of interactions, and (iii) closeness centrality (a measure of how much a species is connected to other plants via shared pollinators). (jove.com)
  • Phylogenetically controlled regression analyses revealed that, for the largest and most diverse coastal community, plants highly dependent on pollinators were the most generalists showing the highest number and diversity of interactions as well as occupying central positions in the network. (jove.com)
  • One common hypothesis among scientists is that the warmer an area is, the higher the plant diversity. (wikipedia.org)
  • affects
  • Because of the speed in which the UV-C protons affect the plants, they are usually the rays used to study the affects of UV light on plants. (gardenguides.com)
  • Increased CO2 has been implicated in 'vegetation thickening' which affects plant community structure and function. (wikipedia.org)
  • fungi
  • This article is about the P-type plasma membrane H+ -ATPase found in plants and fungi. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plasma membrane H+ -ATPase or proton pump creates the electrochemical gradients in the plasma membrane of plants, fungi, protists, and many prokaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • These two groups of P-type ATPases, although not from the same subfamily, seem to perform a complementary function in plants/fungi/protists and animal cells, namely the creation of an electrochemical gradient used as an energy source for secondary transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phytohormones are found not only in higher plants but in algae, showing similar functions, and in microorganisms, such as unicellular fungi and bacteria, but in these cases they play no hormonal or other immediate physiological role in the producing organism and can, thus, be regarded as secondary metabolites. (wikipedia.org)
  • ecosystem
  • Evaluation of ecosystem dynamics, plant geography and terrestrial carbon cycling in the LPJ Dynamic Global Vegetation Model. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because individual plants and therefore species can only function physiologically, and successfully complete their life cycles under specific environmental conditions (ideally within a subset of these), changes to climate are likely to have significant impacts on plants from the level of the individual right through to the level of the ecosystem or biome. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • Judging rangelands based on soil, plant and animal resources and applying science-based information to make management decisions. (uwyo.edu)
  • however biotic feedbacks such as plant-soil feedbacks (PSF) have large effects on plant performance, and create environmental heterogeneity that depends on the community composition. (jove.com)
  • Here, we describe a protocol for manipulating plant-induced soil heterogeneity. (jove.com)
  • Plants can then be placed in these soil treatments to determine the effect of plant-induced soil heterogeneity on plant performance. (jove.com)
  • DGVMs commonly simulate a variety of plant and soil physiological processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environment
  • All organisms inhabit a world full of sensory stimuli that determine their behavioral and physiological response to their environment. (jove.com)
  • As mentioned above in the History tab, secondary plant metabolites help the plant maintain an intricate balance with the environment, often adapting to match the environmental needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Ernst Küster (18 June 1874 in Breslau - 6 July 1953 in Gießen) was a German botanist known for his work in plant cell research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early research only succeeded as far as categorizing the secondary plant metabolites but did not give real insight into the actual function of the secondary plant metabolites. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there was still not much research being conducted into the functions of secondary plant metabolites until around the 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • medicinal
  • Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae) is a medicinal plant that produces indole alkaloids used in cancer chemotherapy. (hindawi.com)
  • Botany originated as herbalism, the study and use of plants for their medicinal properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans use quite a lot of these compounds, or the plants from which they originate, for medicinal and nutraceutical purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • Increased CO2 can also lead to increased Carbon : Nitrogen ratios in the leaves of plants or in other aspects of leaf chemistry, possibly changing herbivore nutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentrations
  • Both, emergence proportions and proportions of female parasitoids were lower in plots with legumes, where host plants had increased nitrogen concentrations. (jove.com)
  • Plasma membrane H+ -ATPases are found throughout the plant in all cell types investigated, but some cell types have much higher concentrations of H+ -ATPase than others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Changing climatic variables relevant to the function and distribution of plants include increasing CO2 concentrations, increasing global temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and changes in the pattern of 'extreme' weather events such as cyclones, fires or storms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant hormones are signal molecules produced within the plant, and occur in extremely low concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant hormones frequently regulate the concentrations of other plant hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants also move hormones around the plant diluting their concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • pests
  • Many chemical compounds have been identified that are produced by plants to protect them from pests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells
  • Plant cells produce hormones that affect even different regions of the cell producing the hormone. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variation potential (VP) (also called slow wave potential) is a hydraulically propagating electrical signal occurring exclusively in plant cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant hormones, which are secondary metabolites, are often used to regulate the metabolic activity within cells and oversee the overall development of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolites
  • The study of plant metabolites is thought to have started in the early 1800s when Friedrich Willhelm Serturner isolated morphine from opium poppy, and after that new discoveries were made rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before then, secondary plant metabolites were thought of as simply waste products. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most ground breaking ideas of this time argued that plant secondary metabolites evolved in relation to environmental conditions, and this indicated the high gene plasticity of secondary metabolites, but this theory was ignored for about half a century before gaining acceptance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant metabolites that color the plant are a good example of this, as the coloring of a plant can attract pollinators and also defend against attack by animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on their biosynthetic origins, plant secondary metabolites can be divided into three major groups: Flavonoids and allied phenolic and polyphenolic compounds, Terpenoids and Nitrogen-containing alkaloids and sulphur-containing compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless
  • These viruses do not replicate in their vector but nevertheless are moved readily from plant to plant by the adult whitefly by various means (reviewed by 2,6,7,9,10,11,17 ). (jove.com)
  • researchers
  • Researchers have found a direct correlation between leaf thickness and Relative Water Content (RWC) of plant leaves using the SG-1000 Leaf Sensor under field conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant science researchers and agronomists have utilized the SG-1000 Leaf Sensor for studying the relationship between water content and leaf cell turgidity potential and leaf thickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bailey-Serres and her researchers are investigating the molecular and physiological processes that enable plants to tolerate or survive stresses such as flooding or drought. (wikipedia.org)
  • temperature
  • In Plants and Temperature , ed. (springer.com)
  • These increases in photosynthesis and other physiological processes are driven by increased rates of chemical reactions and roughly a doubling of enzymatic product conversion rates for every 10 °C increase in temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • This hypothesis can be observed in nature, where higher plant biodiversity is often located at certain latitudes (which often correlates with a specific climate/temperature). (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • This review provides an overview on current status and discuss knowledge gaps in exploiting NO, thereby enhancing our understanding of the role of NO in plant heat tolerance. (frontiersin.org)
  • Understanding the importance of PSF for plant community assembly necessitates understanding of the role of heterogeneity in PSF, in addition to mean PSF effects. (jove.com)
  • Environmental conditions play a key role in defining the function and distribution of plants, in combination with other factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • organisms
  • This prediction is creating apprehension among scientists, as heat stress has known effects on the life processes of organisms, acting directly or through the modification of surrounding environmental components. (mdpi.com)
  • The consequences of plant species loss are rarely assessed in a multi-trophic context and especially effects on life-history traits of organisms at higher trophic levels have remained largely unstudied. (jove.com)
  • pollinators
  • Studies on pollination networks have provided valuable information on the number, frequency, distribution and identity of interactions between plants and pollinators. (jove.com)
  • Arabidopsis
  • For the plant counterpart, a crystal structure of the AHA2 PM H+ -ATPase from Arabidopsis thaliana has been obtained from 3D crystals with a resolution of 3.6 Å. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Our study demonstrates that cascading effects of plant species loss on higher trophic levels such as aphids, parasitoids and secondary parasitoids begin with changed life-history traits of these insects. (jove.com)
  • Our main goal in this study was thus to determine whether plant dependence on current insect interactions is related to plant specialization in a pollination network. (jove.com)
  • These gardens facilitated the academic study of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 19th and 20th centuries, new techniques were developed for the study of plants, including methods of optical microscopy and live cell imaging, electron microscopy, analysis of chromosome number, plant chemistry and the structure and function of enzymes and other proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bazzaz specialized in the study of plant community succession. (wikipedia.org)
  • A comparative study between modern representatives of the two lines can give an insight into the evolution of the mechanisms behind the complexity of modern plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early in the study of plant hormones, "phytohormone" was the commonly used term, but its use is less widely applied now. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cell
  • UV-C protons are very energetic and are very highly absorbed by the plants, so they can do a lot of damage very quickly, according to Plant Cell. (gardenguides.com)
  • Plant cell walls are a heterogeneous mixture of polysaccharides and proteins that require a range of different enzymes to degrade them. (jove.com)
  • Plant cell walls are also the primary source of cellulose, the most abundant and useful biopolymer on the planet. (jove.com)
  • Plant cell wall degrading enzymes (PCWDEs) are therefore important in a wide range of biotechnological processes from the production of biofuels and food to waste processing. (jove.com)
  • Her accomplishments include the pioneering of methods for profiling the "translatomes" of discrete cell-types of plants and identification of a homeostatic sensor of oxygen deprivation in plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variation potential, like an action potential, is a temporary change in the membrane potential of the plant cell by depolarization and consequent repolarization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant Cell Physiol 45:456-459. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pathology
  • The technique was invented by Professor Elsayed Elsayed Wagih in collaboration with Professor Jacqueline Fletcher of the Department of Plant Pathology, Noble Research Centre, Oklahoma State University, USA in 1993. (wikipedia.org)
  • tabac" was published in Physiological Plant Pathology (25, 55-69) and "Effect of tabtoxin on nitrogen metabolism" by J.G. Turner, R.R. Taha & J.M. Debbage was published in Physiologia Plantarum in 1986 (67, 649-653). (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • The number of species in the clade is low compared to the number in most other plant phyla. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a survival strategy exhibited by many plant species, which enables them to survive in climates where part of the year is unsuitable for growth, such as winter or dry seasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many plant species that exhibit dormancy have a biological clock that tells them when to slow activity and to prepare soft tissues for a period of freezing temperatures or water shortage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Satureja species are food plants for the larva of some Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). (wikipedia.org)
  • This phenomenon has been documented in over sixty plant species spanning a variety of plant types (from herb and grasses to shrubs and trees) and over a range of environmental conditions (from the Kalahari Desert to the Amazon Rainforest). (wikipedia.org)
  • Whether or not plants redistribute water through the soil layers can affect plant population dynamics, such as the facilitation of neighboring species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The increase in available daytime soil moisture can also offset low transpiration rates due to drought (see also drought rhizogenesis) or alleviate competition for water between competing plant species. (wikipedia.org)
  • cellular processes
  • The three main purposes of metabolism are the conversion of food/fuel to energy to run cellular processes, the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates, and the elimination of nitrogenous wastes. (wikipedia.org)
  • exhibit
  • In plants that exhibit hydraulic redistribution, there are xylem pathways from the taproots to the laterals, such that the absence or abundance of water at the laterals creates a pressure potential analogous to that of transpirational pull. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • The classification below is based upon a hierarchical structure based on cladistic analyses of morphological, anatomical, karyological, physiological and phytochemical data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical
  • In 1985, she worked in the al-Muthanna chemical plant near Baghdad, and later became chief production officer in al-Hakam (also spelled al-Hakum), Iraq's top-secret biological-warfare facility at the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • If the former, it's unclear if that's primarily a psychological issue (will-power is a limited resource) or if there are physiological reasons (e.g. decreased leptin levels depress metabolism and increase appetite). (soursaltybittersweet.com)
  • gymnosperms
  • He was the first to provide an accurate description of the embryonic sac in gymnosperms (such as conifers) and angiosperms (flowering plants), along with demonstrating double-fertilization in angiosperms. (wikipedia.org)
  • heart
  • Tissues with an donation ionic to an underlying plant may be at heart for olfactory facilities because of the muscle diagnosis itself or because of junctions that result from the information. (skansailclub.com)
  • support
  • The key identifying features of Austrolestes colensonis are the distinct blue markings on the males and green marking on females as well as the tendency for males to perch at right angles on the support plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • food
  • Plants absorb dissolved elements in soils, which are subsequently ingested by the herbivores and omnivores that eat them, and the elements move up the food chain. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Consistent with this, telomerase-immortalised cells continued to age (according to the epigenetic clock) without having been treated with any senescence inducers or DNA-damaging agents, re-affirming the independence of the process of epigenetic ageing from telomeres, cellular senescence, and the DNA damage response pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • near
  • Water redistributed to the near surface layers may also influence plant nutrient availability. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • Later, the technique was made quantitative by densitometry and successfully used to monitor peroxidase activity in virus infected plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • earth
  • The content of nitrogen, oxygen, and inert gases in air is virtually constant, since a constant concentration of oxygen-and in part nitrogen-is maintained by the plants of the earth. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • leaves
  • The trunk may be buried, so the leaves appear to be emerging from the ground and the plant appears to be a basal rosette. (wikipedia.org)
  • In brief, it states that movement of water through the plant depends on having a continuous column of water, from the roots to the leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • movement
  • For a visualization of this process, see "Hydraulic Redistribution Cartoon," Dawson Lab, UC Berkeley, CA Though often referred to as hydraulic lift, movement of water by the plant roots has been shown to occur in any direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The movement of this water can be explained by the theory of water transport through a plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • extremely
  • Though they are a minor component of the plant kingdom today, during the Jurassic period, they were extremely common. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Animal studies indicate that maternal zinc deficiency can upset both the sequencing and efficiency of the birth process. (wikipedia.org)