Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Schools: Educational institutions.Oral Hemorrhage: Bleeding from the blood vessels of the mouth, which may occur as a result of injuries to the mouth, accidents in oral surgery, or diseases of the gums.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Tooth Avulsion: Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)First Aid: Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Hinduism: A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.United StatesSocial Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Tooth Fractures: Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Sedentary Lifestyle: Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.Resistance Training: A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.CaliforniaCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Education, Nursing, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform nurses of recent advances in their fields.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Physical Endurance: The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Physical Conditioning, Animal: Diet modification and physical exercise to improve the ability of animals to perform physical activities.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Physical Therapy Specialty: The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.

*  Physical Education and Training

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*  Academic: Physical education and training Ebooks

... buy and download Physical education and training ebooks from our Academic section for your eReader at great prices. ... Research Methods in Physical Education and Youth Sportby Kathleen Armour; Doune Macdonald. Taylor and Francis 2012; US$ 59.95 ... Physical Education: Teachers' Lives And Careersby Kathleen R. Armour; Robyn L. Jones. Taylor and Francis 2002; US$ 62.95 ... Pedagogical Cases in Physical Education and Youth Sportby Kathleen Armour. Taylor and Francis 2014; US$ 54.95 ...
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*  Academic: Physical education and training Ebooks

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*  Top Western Australia Undergraduate Sports / Physical Education Teaching / Training Courses, Universities and Colleges

Physical Education Teaching / Training Schools, Colleges and Universities. ... Training courses in Western Australia? Hotcourses India offer free guidance and admission service on best Western Australia ... 1 Undergraduate course in Sports / Physical Education Teaching / Training are offered by 1 institution in Western Australia 0 { ... One-stop shop for Indian students interested in overseas education Enroll at one of our trusted Uni partners from Australia, US ...
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*  Council on Law Enforcement Education and Training - Physical Test for Safe Participation

... on the CLEET approved physical assessment test. The purpose of this test is to ensure the applicant is in sufficient physical ... The physical assessment test will be referred to as the "Test for Safe Participation" or "The Test." ... Any applicant who fails to achieve a minimum of 70% on the physical assessment test will not be admitted into the basic academy ... The Test for Safe Participation will be administered at the K.O. Rayburn Training Center in Ada, Oklahoma. Two testing dates ...
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*  European Inclusive Physical Education Training

... and associated current deficiencies in initial and continued physical education teacher training to deal with same. The purpose ... which general PE teachers can face in inclusive physical education, and related professional competencies, which teachers ... framework for teacher preparation programs in light of presented barriers and facilitators of inclusive physical education. We ... We will discuss the possibilities and limitations related to the theoretical principles, practical training and practicum ...
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*  Physical education and training--Social aspects

... Information about the Resource. Schema.org Name(s): Controlled Heading ...
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*  GCSE PE methods of training - Mindmap in GCSE Physical Education

See all Physical Education resources »See all Participation in physical activity resources ». ... Methods of training*Interval training*Involves alternating between periods of hard exercise and rest. ... Weight training*Uses weights to provide resistance to the muscles.. *It improves muscular strength (high weight, low reps), ... Fartlek training*Involves varying your speed and the type of terrain over which you run, walk, cycle or ski. ...
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*  Principles of Training - Revision Cards in GCSE Physical Education

The exercise must match the physical demands of the sport. * Analyse the relative importance of components for the exercise to ... Less likely to get bored of training if methods and venues are changed/altered ... Wanting to improve for a particular sport means you will need appropriate training ...
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*  Aerobic and Anaerobic Training - Revision Cards in GCSE Physical Education

Aerobic Training. All of the living cells in your body need energy. Normally the body converts glucose into energy using oxygen ... During physical activity, your muscles are working harder and so need more energy than normal. That means they need to be ... Anaerobic Training. If your body can't supply the oxygen needed, your muscles release energy without using oxygen. ... Home > GCSE > Physical Education > Aerobic and Anaerobic Training Aerobic and Anaerobic Training. ...
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*  Circuit training cards one - Document in All Levels Physical Education

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*  Capital University of Physical Education and Sports Chinese Training Program (1 year) Program | Apply Online | CUCAS

You can check fees, curriculum, course highlights, entry requirements and apply Chinese Training Program (1 year) in CUPES ... Capital University of Physical Education and Sports Chinese Training Program (1 year) program is available for application on ... China University List > Capital University of Physical Education and Sports > Course List > Chinese Training Program ... Chinese Training Program. Non-degree The update time of this program is Jun 5 , 2017. The latest information is under ...
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*  Principles of training - Mindmap in A Level and IB Physical Education

ensures many of the principles of training are used in the training programme ... SPECIFICITY - training activity must reflect the demands of the sport.*the individual - each performer has a different rate of ... VARIENCE - training needs to be varied to prevent boredom and lack of motivation, helps prevent repetitive strain injuries ... Principles of Training*MRS VOP*MODERATION - a balance between too much and too littler ...
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*  Principles of training - Flashcards in A Level and IB Physical Education

Training should combine burn out exercises with very easy exercises. *Too much training can cause injury or fatigue, while too ... 1. What are the two ways in which the principle of specificity can be applied to training?. *To the individual, and to the ... 5. Why is gradual progression essential in training programmes?. *It allows time for recovery ... Home > A Level and IB > Physical Education > Principles of training Principles of training. ...
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*  British Library EThOS: The training of the primary school teacher to teach National Curriculum physical education.

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*  Adaptions to aerobic training - Revision Cards in A Level and IB Physical Education

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*  Capital University of Physical Education and Sports Short term Chinese Training Program (4 weeks) Program | Apply Online | CUCAS

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*  Software ideas - OLPC

Physical Education and Training. * Training program tracker (e.g. PyTrainer) (Idea added to Health Software.) ... Catholic Education; teaching children to read the bible on their XO's. I am mainly thinking of Haiti and South America to ... It shouldn't undermine their sales much, since children in Europe and North America prefer the physical toys to on-screen ... perhaps in exchange for some more advice on advances in constructionist education and activities. ...
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*  John Wiese | People, Biola University

... and Physical Education.. John enjoys volunteering his athletic training skills with the Southern California Seahorses USL ... In addition to overseeing the Athletic Departments's Athletic Training Program, John teaches sport medicine classes for the ...
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*  Athletic Training Program Documents | Louisiana College

Sophomores Clinical Evaluation: [ midterm | final ]
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*  Articles by NICHOLAS CUCUZZO : Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise

Physical training, lifestyle education, and coronary risk factors in obese girls. GUTIN, BERNARD; CUCUZZO, NICHOLAS; ISLAM, ...
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*  Elevation of cortisol and growth hormone levels in the course of further improvement of performance capacity in trained rowers.

Physical Education and Training. Sports / physiology*. Chemical. Reg. No./Substance: 50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 9002-72-6/Growth ... 24906929 - Impact of maternal physical activity during gestation on porcine fetal, neonatal, and a.... 23280269 - The home ...
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*  The difference in stiffness of the active plantarflexors between young and elderly human females.

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*  University of West Alabama - Wikipedia

Pruitt Hall is the location of the Physical Education and Athletic Training Department. There are a number of classrooms, ... "Normal training" was the term used at that time to describe teacher education that represented high school plus two years of ... "UWA a good partner in education". Demopolis Times. June 19, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2010.. [dead link] ... and the state board of education began awarding master's degrees in professional education under a new graduate division.[24] ...
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*  Oalib search

... the Formative Physical Education Teachers participating in the in-service training courses of the Turkish National Education ... Job satisfaction levels of formative physical education teachers ?etin Yaman International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009, ... The aim of the present study is to find out the job satisfaction levels of Formative Physical Education Teachers.The universe ... One hundred and ninety seven Formative Physical Education Teachers, 47 of which female and 150 male, participated in the study ...
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Let's Move!: Let's Move! seeks to combat the epidemic of childhood obesity and encourage a healthy lifestyle through "a comprehensive, collaborative, and community-oriented initiative that addresses all of the various factors that lead to childhood obesity [.St. Vrain Valley School DistrictAnnual Fitness Test: In the British Army, the Annual Fitness Test is designed to assess soldiers' lower and upper body strength and endurance. The test was formally known as the Combat Fitness Test - and is still colloquially known by soldiers as the CFT.High-intensity interval training: High-intensity interval training (HIIT), also called high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) or sprint interval training (SIT), is an enhanced form of interval training, an exercise strategy alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods. HIIT is a form of cardiovascular exercise.Assunta LegnanteSchool health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Cigarette smoking among college students: The rates of college students smoking in the United States have fluctuated for the past twenty years. Majority of lifelong smokers begin smoking habits before the age of 24, which makes the college years a crucial time in the study of cigarette consumption.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Pet Emergency Management: == Concept and Background ==Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Dental subluxation: Dental subluxation is a traumatic injury in which the tooth has increased mobility (i.e.Standard evaluation frameworkWorship in Hinduism: Worship in Hinduism is an act of religious devotion usually directed to one or more Hindu deities. A sense of Bhakti or devotional love is generally invoked.KamaladalamClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Social marketing: Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviors that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good. It seeks to integrate research, best practice, theory, audience and partnership insight, to inform the delivery of competition sensitive and segmented social change programs that are effective, efficient, equitable and sustainable.Online patient education: Online Patient Education also known as Online Patient Engagement is a method of providing medical information and education to patients using Learning Management Systems delivered through the Internet.Evaluation of bariatric Centers of Excellence Web sites for functionality and efficacy.Vertical root fractureClassification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.Virtual trainingStrandpulling: Strandpulling is the general term for the practice of stretching steel springs, rubber cables or latex tubing, as a form of exercise and as a competitive sport, using a "chest expander", with many specific movements designed to target different muscles and provide progressive resistance usually, but not always, to the upper body.Antenor Orrego Private UniversityDJ College of Dental Sciences and Research: Divya Jyoti (DJ) College of Dental Sciences and Research is a dental college located in Modinagar in the nagar panchayat of Niwari in Ghaziabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The founder and chairman is Ajit Singh Jassar.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Select MedicalSan Diego County, California Probation: The San Diego County Probation Department is the body in San Diego County, California responsible for supervising convicted offenders in the community, either who are on probation, such as at the conclusion of their sentences, or while on community supervision orders.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Atlantic University: Atlantic University is private, distance education institution of higher and continuing education in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It is associated with Edgar Cayce's Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.Overweight PoochNihon UniversityPhysical strength: Strength (physics)}}Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Special education in the United Kingdom: 'Special Educational Needs' is an umbrella term for an aspect of UK school education focusing on students primarily with learning difficulties and/or disability. In school documents, it is abbreviated to 'SEN' / 'SEND' – these abbreviations are also used in Commonwealth countries such as Australia and Singapore.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.Kiten (program)Patricia MooreFull-body CT scan: A full-body scan is a scan of the patient's entire body as part of the diagnosis or treatment of illnesses. If computed tomography (CAT) scan technology is used, it is known as a full-body CT scan, though many medical imaging technologies can perform full-body scans.Fellowship (medicine): A fellowship is the period of medical training in the United States and Canada that a physician or dentist may undertake after completing a specialty training program (residency). During this time (usually more than one year), the physician is known as a fellow.Upsilon Phi Delta: Upsilon Phi Delta (ΥΦΔ) is the national academic honor society for students in healthcare administration in the United States. The organization was formed in 1965 to further the profession of health administration and the professional competence and dedication of its members.Leiden International Medical Student ConferencePostgraduate training in general dentistry: ==Australia==

(1/816) Glucose kinetics during prolonged exercise in highly trained human subjects: effect of glucose ingestion.

1. The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate whether glucose ingestion during prolonged exercise reduces whole body muscle glycogen oxidation, (2) to determine the extent to which glucose disappearing from the plasma is oxidized during exercise with and without carbohydrate ingestion and (3) to obtain an estimate of gluconeogenesis. 2. After an overnight fast, six well-trained cyclists exercised on three occasions for 120 min on a bicycle ergometer at 50 % maximum velocity of O2 uptake and ingested either water (Fast), or a 4 % glucose solution (Lo-Glu) or a 22 % glucose solution (Hi-Glu) during exercise. 3. Dual tracer infusion of [U-13C]-glucose and [6,6-2H2]-glucose was given to measure the rate of appearance (Ra) of glucose, muscle glycogen oxidation, glucose carbon recycling, metabolic clearance rate (MCR) and non-oxidative disposal of glucose. 4. Glucose ingestion markedly increased total Ra especially with Hi-Glu. After 120 min Ra and rate of disappearance (Rd) of glucose were 51-52 micromol kg-1 min-1 during Fast, 73-74 micromol kg-1 min-1 during Lo-Glu and 117-119 micromol kg-1 min-1 during Hi-Glu. The percentage of Rd oxidized was between 96 and 100 % in all trials. 5. Glycogen oxidation during exercise was not reduced by glucose ingestion. The vast majority of glucose disappearing from the plasma is oxidized and MCR increased markedly with glucose ingestion. Glucose carbon recycling was minimal suggesting that gluconeogenesis in these conditions is negligible.  (+info)

(2/816) High-resistance training and muscle metabolism during prolonged exercise.

To investigate the hypothesis that changes in muscle submaximal exercise metabolism would occur as a result of fiber hypertrophy, induced by high-resistance training (HRT), active but untrained males (age 20 +/- 0.7 yr; mean +/- SE) performed lower-limb weight training 3 days/wk for 12 wk using three sets of 6-8 repetitions maximal (RM)/day. Muscle metabolism was examined at different stages of training (4, 7, and 12 wk) using a two-stage continuous cycle test performed at the same absolute power output and duration (56.4 +/- 2.9 min) and representing 57 and 72% of pretraining peak aerobic power (VO2 peak). Compared with pretraining, at the end of exercise, HRT resulted in a higher (P < 0.05) phosphocreatine (PCr; 27.4 +/- 6. 7 vs. 38.0 +/- 1.9 mmol/kg dry wt), a lower lactate (38.9 +/- 8.5 vs. 24.4 +/- 6.1 mmol/kg dry wt), and a higher (P < 0.05) glycogen content (132 +/- 11 vs. 181 +/- 7.5 mmol glucosyl units/kg dry wt). The percent change from rest before and after training was 63 and 50% for PCr, 676 and 410% for lactate, and 60 and 43% for glycogen, respectively. These adaptations, which were observed only at 72% VO2 peak, occurred by 4 wk of training in the case of PCr and glycogen and before any changes in fiber cross-sectional area, capillarization, or oxidative potential. Fiber hypertrophy, observed at 7 and 12 wk of training, failed to potentiate the metabolic response. No effect of HRT was found on VO2 peak with training (41.2 +/- 2.9 vs. 41.0 +/- 2.1 ml. kg-1. min-1) or on the steady-state, submaximal exercise rate of oxygen consumption. It is concluded that the HRT results in muscle metabolic adaptations that occur independently of fiber hypertrophy.  (+info)

(3/816) Effects of moderate exercise training on plasma volume, baroreceptor sensitivity and orthostatic tolerance in healthy subjects.

The effect of physical training on an individual's ability to withstand an orthostatic stress is unclear. This study was undertaken to determine the effects on orthostatic tolerance in healthy volunteers of training at a level appropriate for unfit subjects and cardiorespiratory patients. In 11 asymptomatic, untrained subjects the following assessments were made: plasma volume by Evans Blue dye dilution and blood volume derived from haematocrit; carotid baroreceptor sensitivity from the slope of the regression of change in cardiac interval against pressure applied to a neck chamber; orthostatic tolerance as time to presyncope in a test of head-up tilting combined with lower body suction; exercise test relating heart rate to oxygen consumption. Subjects were then given a training schedule (5BX/XBX, Royal Canadian Air Force) involving 11-12 min of mixed exercises per day until an age/sex related 'target' was reached. Following training all subjects showed evidence of improved fitness, seen as decreases in heart rate at an oxygen uptake (Vo2) of 1.5 1 min-1 and in the elevation of the regression line between heart rate and Vo2. All also had increases in plasma and blood volumes and decreases in baroreceptor sensitivity. Seven of the subjects showed increases in orthostatic tolerance. Improvement in orthostatic tolerance was related to a low initial tolerance, and was associated with increases in plasma volume and decreases in baroreceptor sensitivity. These results show that moderate exercise training increases orthostatic tolerance in subjects who do not already have a high initial tolerance and suggest that training may be of value in the management of untrained patients with attacks of syncope due to orthostatic intolerance.  (+info)

(4/816) Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, and vocational status following a 12 month cardiac exercise rehabilitation programme.

OBJECTIVE: To examine and evaluate improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, and vocational status in postmyocardial infarction patients during and after a comprehensive 12 month exercise rehabilitation programme. SUBJECTS: The sample population comprised 124 patients with a clinical diagnosis of myocardial infarction (122 men and two women). INTERVENTIONS: 62 patients were randomly allocated to a regular weekly aerobic training programme, three times a week for 12 months, and compared with 62 matched controls who did not receive any formal exercise training. A five year follow up questionnaire/interview was subsequently conducted on this population to determine selected vocational/lifestyle changes. RESULTS: Significant improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (p < 0.01-0.001), psychological profiles (p < 0.05-0.001), and quality of life scores (p < 0.001) were recorded in the treatment population when compared with their matched controls. Although there were no significant differences in mortality, a larger percentage of the regular exercisers resumed full time employment and they returned to work earlier than the controls. Controls took lighter jobs, lost more time from work, and suffered more non-fatal reinfarctions (p < 0.05-0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Regularly supervised and prolonged aerobic exercise training improves cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological status, and quality of life. The trained population also had a reduction in morbidity following myocardial infarction, and significant improvement in vocational status over a five year follow up period.  (+info)

(5/816) Correlates of individual differences in body-composition changes resulting from physical training in obese children.

BACKGROUND: No studies have been reported in children that assess correlates of body-composition changes in response to a physical training intervention. OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis studied was that variation in diet and physical activity would explain a significant portion of the interindividual variation in the response of body composition to physical training. DESIGN: The participants were 71 obese children aged 7-11 y (22 boys, 49 girls; 31 whites, 40 blacks). Body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, physical activity by a 7-d recall interview, and diet by two, 2-d recalls. The children underwent 4 mo of physical training. RESULTS: The mean attendance was 4 d/wk, the mean (+/-SD) heart rate for the 40-min sessions was 157 +/- 7 beats/min, and the mean energy expenditure was 946 +/- 201 kJ/session. On average, the percentage body fat decreased significantly in the total group, and total mass, fat-free soft tissue, bone mineral content, and bone mineral density increased, but there was a good deal of individual variability. Multiple regression models indicated that in general, more frequent attendance, being a boy, lower energy intake, and more vigorous activity were associated with healthier body-composition changes with physical training. Ethnicity was not retained as a correlate of the change of any component of body composition. CONCLUSIONS: In obese children, age, vigorous activity, diet, and baseline percentage body fat together accounted for 25% of the variance in the change in percentage body fat with physical training.  (+info)

(6/816) Status of the year 2000 health goals for physical activity and fitness.

In Healthy People 2000, the national strategy for improving the health of the American people by the year 2000, lifestyle factors such as physical inactivity are major determinants of chronic disease and disability. Despite the documented benefits of exercise in enhancing health and reducing the risk of premature death, only 1 of the 13 physical activity and fitness objectives of Healthy People 2000 has been met or exceeded. Although progress toward 5 objectives for the year 2000 has been made, 3 objectives are actually farther from attainment. Coronary heart disease death rates (Objective 1.1) have declined, and the prevalence of overweight people (Objective 1.2) has increased. Overall physical activity in adults (Objectives 1.3 and 1.4) and strengthening and stretching activities in children (Objective 1.6) have increased, but reduction in the percentage of sedentary persons (Objective 1.5) has showed no change. The proportion of the population adopting sound dietary practices combined with regular physical activity to attain appropriate body weight (Objective 1.7) has declined. Even though participation in daily school physical education (Objective 1.8) has shown a decline during the past several years, students who are enrolled in physical education classes are spending more time performing physical activities (Objective 1.9). The proportion of work sites offering employer-sponsored physical activity and fitness programs (Objective 1.10) has increased substantially, surpassing the year 2000 goal. Data to update progress for increasing physical activity levels of children (Objectives 1.3-1.5), community exercise facilities (Objective 1.11), clinician counseling about physical activity (Objective 1.12), and improvement in personal self-care activities (Objective 1.13) are not yet available.  (+info)

(7/816) Quantitative examinations of internal representations for arm trajectory planning: minimum commanded torque change model.

Quantitative examinations of internal representations for arm trajectory planning: minimum commanded torque change model. A number of invariant features of multijoint planar reaching movements have been observed in measured hand trajectories. These features include roughly straight hand paths and bell-shaped speed profiles where the trajectory curvatures between transverse and radial movements have been found to be different. For quantitative and statistical investigations, we obtained a large amount of trajectory data within a wide range of the workspace in the horizontal and sagittal planes (400 trajectories for each subject). A pair of movements within the horizontal and sagittal planes was set to be equivalent in the elbow and shoulder flexion/extension. The trajectory curvatures of the corresponding pair in these planes were almost the same. Moreover, these curvatures can be accurately reproduced with a linear regression from the summation of rotations in the elbow and shoulder joints. This means that trajectory curvatures systematically depend on the movement location and direction represented in the intrinsic body coordinates. We then examined the following four candidates as planning spaces and the four corresponding computational models for trajectory planning. The candidates were as follows: the minimum hand jerk model in an extrinsic-kinematic space, the minimum angle jerk model in an intrinsic-kinematic space, the minimum torque change model in an intrinsic-dynamic-mechanical space, and the minimum commanded torque change model in an intrinsic-dynamic-neural space. The minimum commanded torque change model, which is proposed here as a computable version of the minimum motor command change model, reproduced actual trajectories best for curvature, position, velocity, acceleration, and torque. The model's prediction that the longer the duration of the movement the larger the trajectory curvature was also confirmed. Movements passing through via-points in the horizontal plane were also measured, and they converged to those predicted by the minimum commanded torque change model with training. Our results indicated that the brain may plan, and learn to plan, the optimal trajectory in the intrinsic coordinates considering arm and muscle dynamics and using representations for motor commands controlling muscle tensions.  (+info)

(8/816) Walking training for intermittent claudication in diabetes.

OBJECTIVE: Walking training (WT) is an established treatment for patients with intermittent claudication (IC). Abnormalities specific to diabetes, such as a relative preponderance of distal lesions and the contribution of microcirculatory disease, might well influence the results of WT. We compared changes in walking distance during WT in diabetic patients with those in nondiabetic control subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In consecutive patients with limiting IC and proven peripheral vascular disease, 33 patients with diabetes were compared with 136 control subjects during a half-year supervised WT program. Walking parameters were determined every 2 months, while vascular parameters were obtained at the start and end of the program. RESULTS: Of the 33 diabetic patients, 25 (76%) completed the program, as did 87 of the 136 (64%) control subjects. Thereafter, the symptom-free walking distance and the maximum walking distance (MWD) were significantly increased in diabetic patients from 142 +/- 30 to 339 +/- 57 m and from 266 +/- 39 to 603 +/- 52 m, respectively, and in control subjects from 126 +/- 8 to 400 +/- 39 m and from 292 +/- 18 to 628 +/- 36 m, respectively. The relative gain in MWD was 88% greater in those with diabetes. The vascular parameters were comparable for both groups before and after WT. CONCLUSIONS: WT is an effective treatment for IC, with a greater relative gain in diabetic patients.  (+info)



demands of the sport


  • SPECIFICITY - training activity must reflect the demands of the sport. (getrevising.co.uk)

practitioners


  • Pedagogical Cases in Physical Education and Youth Sport is a completely new kind of resource for students and practitioners working in physical education or youth sport. (ebooks.com)
  • Mentoring is a core element of any successful teacher education or coach education programme, with evidence suggesting that teachers and coaches who are mentored early in their careers are more likely to become effective practitioners. (ebooks.com)

SPECIFICITY


  • 1. What are the two ways in which the principle of specificity can be applied to training? (getrevising.co.uk)

PROGRESSION


Degrees


  • It provides specialized training for international students who want to learn Chinese culture and speak Chinese language as well as for those preparing for their bachelor's, master's or doctor's degrees. (cucas.edu.cn)

Methods


  • This is the first research methods book to focus entirely on physical education and youth sport. (ebooks.com)

theoretical


  • We will discuss the possibilities and limitations related to the theoretical principles, practical training and practicum experiences working with persons with disabilities as part of EIPET module (introductory APA courses). (infona.pl)

sufficient


  • Autism is a puzzling disorder which to date has not been discussed in sufficient detail in most adapted physical education texts. (ebooks.com)
  • The purpose of this test is to ensure the applicant is in sufficient physical condition to safely participate and/or avoid unnecessary injury during basic law enforcement training. (ok.gov)

Harder


  • During physical activity, your muscles are working harder and so need more energy than normal. (getrevising.co.uk)

sport


  • Sport Pedagogy offers an essential starting point for anyone who cares about sport, education and young people. (ebooks.com)
  • For example a volleyball player uses the power training for that sport to help with fitness for long jump. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • In addition to overseeing the Athletic Departments's Athletic Training Program, John teaches sport medicine classes for the Department of Kinesiology, Health, and Physical Education. (biola.edu)

assessment


  • It describes autism and offers suggestions on assessment and programming for students with autism in adapted physical education/regular physical education classes. (ebooks.com)
  • In accordance with Title 70 O.S. § 3311.11, beginning November 1, 2009, any person who is employed as a peace officer within the State of Oklahoma and who is scheduled to attend the basic law enforcement certification academy conducted by CLEET shall, prior to admission, be required to provide proof of a score of a minimum of seventy percent (70%) on the CLEET approved physical assessment test. (ok.gov)
  • The physical assessment test will be referred to as the "Test for Safe Participation" or "The Test. (ok.gov)
  • Participants will be allowed a total of four (4) opportunities to pass the physical assessment test, with no more than two (2) attempts per testing day. (ok.gov)
  • Any applicant who fails to achieve a minimum of 70% on the physical assessment test will not be admitted into the basic academy. (ok.gov)

resistance


  • In his sequel, Convict Conditioning 2, Coach Wade takes us even deeper into the subtle nuances of training with the ultimate resistance tool: our bodies. (ebooks.com)

students


  • A comprehensive, practical and genuinely reader-friendly introduction to personal training for today's students in UK. (ebooks.com)
  • One-stop shop for Indian students interested in overseas education Enroll at one of our trusted Uni partners from Australia, US, UK and other countries Use our interactive tools to discover the right course and Uni in which to study Get ‪FREE‬ training from our experts to crack IELTS‬ & ‪TOEFL‬. (hotcoursesabroad.com)
  • Meegan S, MacPhail A. Irish physical educators' attitude toward teaching students with special educational needs. (infona.pl)
  • Courses include Chinese Character, Intensive Reading, Spoken Chinese, Listening Comprehension, Reading Comprehension, Writing and Overview of China and the like, with the goal of training and improving students' ability of using Chinese language. (cucas.edu.cn)

teacher


  • and associated current deficiencies in initial and continued physical education teacher training to deal with same. (infona.pl)
  • We will discuss the implication of functional map and competence framework for teacher preparation programs in light of presented barriers and facilitators of inclusive physical education. (infona.pl)
  • British Library EThOS: The training of the primary school teacher to teach National Curriculum physical education. (bl.uk)

share


  • Physical education and sports coaching share important pedagogical, practical and cultural terrain, and mentoring. (ebooks.com)

Sports


  • John enjoys volunteering his athletic training skills with the Southern California Seahorses USL soccer team as well as Justin Sports Medicine which covers professional rodeo in the region. (biola.edu)

Chinese


  • A special agency for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language is set up in School of International Education in CUPES. (cucas.edu.cn)

Careers


  • Explores the lives and careers of physical education teachers from two perspectives. (ebooks.com)

purpose


  • Participants shall come to the Multi-Purpose Room at the Training Center at the designated time to take the Test. (ok.gov)
  • The purpose of this article is to describe job specific functions, which general PE teachers can face in inclusive physical education, and related professional competencies, which teachers should acquire in their pre-service or in-service training. (infona.pl)

highest


  • Rated highest in student satisfaction amongst overseas education consultants in India. (hotcoursesabroad.com)

book


  • The accessibility of the text, and constant reference to ways of adapting suggestions to different situations, make this book particularly "user-friendly" and suitable for student-teachers in diverse settings' - European Physical. (ebooks.com)
  • This is the only book of its kind solely dedicated to physical strength. (ebooks.com)