*  physalis
A definition of the medical term "physalis" is presented. Physalis refers to a large vacuole present in the cell of certain ...
*  Plants Profile for Physalis (groundcherry)
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Physalis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 29 species of Physalis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles ...
*  Physalis foetens PFAF Plant Database
Physalis foetens is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and ... Physalis acutifolia. Sharp-Leaf Ground Cherry. 2. 0. Physalis alkekengi. Winter Cherry, Strawberry groundcherry,Ground Cherry, ... Physalis hederaefolia cordifolia. Ground Cherry. 2. 0. Physalis heterophylla. Clammy Ground Cherry, Rowell's groundcherry. 3. 1 ... Physalis peruviana. Goldenberry, Peruvian groundcherry. 5. 1. Physalis philadelphica. Wild Tomatillo, Mexican groundcherry. 4. ...
*  UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for PHYSALIS philadelphica
Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Physalis philadelphica Retrieve dichotomous key for Physalis Overlay ... PHYSALIS. GROUND-CHERRY. Annual or rhizomed per; hairs sometimes branched. Leaves sometimes ± opposite, entire to pinnately ...
*  Physalis crassifolia Yellow nightshade groundcherry PFAF Plant Database
Physalis crassifolia is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). It is frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male ... Physalis acutifolia. Sharp-Leaf Ground Cherry. 2. 0. Physalis alkekengi. Winter Cherry, Strawberry groundcherry,Ground Cherry, ... Physalis hederaefolia cordifolia. Ground Cherry. 2. 0. Physalis heterophylla. Clammy Ground Cherry, Rowell's groundcherry. 3. 1 ... Physalis peruviana. Goldenberry, Peruvian groundcherry. 5. 1. Physalis philadelphica. Wild Tomatillo, Mexican groundcherry. 4. ...
*  Physalis in Flora of China @ efloras.org
Physalis angulata Linnaeus*Physalis cordata Miller*Physalis minima Linnaeus*Physalis peruviana Linnaeus*Physalis philadelphica ... Physalis alkekengi Linnaeus*Physalis alkekengi var. alkekengi *Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii (Masters) Makino* ... 9. Physalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 182. 1753. 酸浆属 suan jiang shu Herbs annual or perennial, glabrous or pubescent with simple ... 2 Physalis minima. +. Corolla more than 10 mm; anthers more than 2 mm; fruiting calyx 2 cm or more, ribs smooth, glabrous; ...
*  Cape Gooseberry - Physalis peruviana - Seeds
Physalis minima. Sunberry. Physalis peruviana. Cape Gooseberry. Physalis pruinosa. Ground Cherry. Solanum aviculare. Kangaroo ... Physalis peruviana. a.k.a. Ground Cherry, Golden Berry Small orange fruit similar in size and shape to a cherry tomato. The ... Physalis alkekengi. Chinese Lantern. Physalis angulata. Mullaca. Physalis costomatl. Cotztomatl. Physalis ixocarpa. Tomatillo. ...
*  Moth takes advantage of defensive compounds in Physalis fruits
Physalis: A plant with promising properties. Plants of the genus Physalis, also known as ground cherries, have a long history ... Further reports about: , Chemical Ecology , Max Planck Institute , Max-Planck-Institut , Physalis , immune system , insect , ... Heliothis subflexa larvae feed exclusively on Physalis fruits, and it is the only Heliothis species to do so. Physalis fruits ... Chemical Ecology »Max Planck Institute »Max-Planck-Institut »Physalis »immune system »insect »larvae ...
*  Jepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Physalis longifolia
Next taxon: Physalis philadelphica. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2012, Physalis ... Physalis longifolia. Family: Solanaceae. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Genus: Physalis. View Description. Dichotomous Key ... Genus: Physalis. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Common Name: GROUND-CHERRY. Habit: Annual from taproot or perennial herb ... Physalis longifolia Nutt.. WAIF. Habit: Perennial herb 2--6 dm; hairs simple, few, appressed. Leaf: 4--7 cm, lanceolate to +- ...
*  Physalis alkekengi - Plant Finder
Physalis alkekengi, commonly called Chinese lantern, is an herbaceous perennial of the nightshade family that grows in an ...
*  Acute and Subchronic Toxic Effects of the Fruits of Physalis peruviana L.
Physalis pubescens L. is grown in Artvin region, Physalis alkekengi L. is grown in the regions of Kutahya, Antalya, Bitlis, ... Acute and Subchronic Toxic Effects of the Fruits of Physalis peruviana L.. Basak Ozlem Perk,1 Sinem Ilgin,1 Ozlem Atli,1 Hale ... S. T. Fang, J. K. Liu, and B. Li, "A novel 1,10-seco withanolide from Physalis peruviana," Journal of Asian Natural Products ... S.-T. Fang, B. Li, and J.-K. Liu, "Two new withanolides from Physalis peruviana," Helvetica Chimica Acta, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. ...
*  physalis - oi
Analysis of Major Withanolides in Physalis longifolia Nutt. by HPLC-PDA Cape Gooseberry [Physalis peruviana L.] Calyces ... Physalis floridana Cell Number Regulator1 encodes a cell membrane-anchored modulator of cell cycle and negatively controls ... Activity of physalins purified from Physalis angulata in in vitro and in vivo models of cutaneous leishmaniasis ... Fruit of the herbaceous perennial Chinese lantern Physalis peruviana, P. pubescens, or P. edulis, resembling a small cherry, ...
*  Physalis viscosa: info from PIER (PIER species info)
Physalis viscosa: info from PIER from the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/). ... Other Latin names: Physalis curassavica L.; Physalis fuscomaculata Dunal. Common name(s): [more details]. English: grape ground ... Physalis viscosa L., Solanaceae Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES. ... Spanish: physalis Habit: herb. Description: 'Erect to decumbent, subdichotomously ± branched, perennial herb, (5) 14-40 cm high ...
*  Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Physalis Alkekengi var. franchetii and Its Main Constituents
Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii (Solanaceae) is a herb widely used in popular medicine for its antifebrile and ... Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Physalis Alkekengi var. franchetii and Its Main Constituents. Zunpeng Shu,1 ... L. Qiu, F. Zhao, Z.-H. Jiang et al., "Steroids and flavonoids from Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii and their inhibitory ... N. B. Pinto, T. C. Morais, K. M. B. Carvalho et al., "Topical anti-inflammatory potential of Physalin E from Physalis angulata ...
*  physalis | Sesquiotica
A kind of physalis related to the Chinese lantern (there are several kinds of physalis, all looking pretty lantern-like) is ... physalis. Posted on February 3, 2014 , 1 Comment I was tasting a lovely recioto yesterday and I was trying to think of exactly ... But the formal name for it is physalis.. That's an obviously Greek-derived word, with the ph and the y and the is ending. It ... One response to "physalis" * Paula. , February 5, 2014 at 2:04 pm , Reply ...
*  Evaluation Of In Vitro Antidiabetic Efficacy Of Physalis Angulata Fruit Extracts
Antidiabetic activities of Physalis angulata fruit extracts were evaluated using inhibition of alpha amylase and alpha ... Conclusion: From the data obtained in the current studies, it was observed that the fruit extracts of Physalis angulata showed ... Evaluation of in vitro antidiabetic efficacy of physalis angulata fruit extracts. 5th World Congress on Diabetes & Metabolism. ... The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro anti-diabetic activity of the methanolic extract of Physalis ...
*  Physalis - Wikipedia
small-flowered groundcherry Physalis clarionensis Physalis cordata Mill. - heart-leaved groundcherry Physalis coztomatl Moc. & ... dwarf groundcherry Physalis subglabrata Nutt. - smooth groundcherry Physalis subulata Rydb. - Chihuahuan groundcherry Physalis ... Carpenter's groundcherry Physalis caudella Standl. - southwestern groundcherry Physalis chenopodifolia Physalis cinerascens ( ... common groundcherry, long-leaved groundcherry Physalis longiloba Physalis mimulus Physalis minima L. - pygmy groundcherry, ...
*  Physalis angustifolia - Wikipedia
Physalis angustifolia, the coastal groundcherry, is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family. It is native to the ... "Physalis angustifolia". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America ...
*  Physalis (software) - Wikipedia
Physalis is a project to build software that allows users to run a service framework (OSGi-like) on top of Microsoft .NET ...
*  Physalis viscosa - Wikipedia
Physalis viscosa is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family known by many common names, including starhair ... "Physalis viscosa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 31 January 2016. "BSBI List 2007". ...
*  Physalis crassifolia - Wikipedia
Physalis crassifolia. NatureServe. 2012. Physalis crassifolia. The Jepson Manual eFlora 2012. CalPhotos. ... Physalis crassifolia is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family known by the common names yellow nightshade ...
*  Physalis alkekengi - Wikipedia
Physalis alkekengi seed fossils are known from Miocene of Siberia, Pliocene of Europe and Pleistocene of Germany. Physalis ... "Physalis alkekengi". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2015-10-01. "1. Physalis alkekengi ... Like a number of other species in the genus Physalis, it contains a wide variety of physalins. When isolated from the plant, ... Physalis alkekengi (bladder cherry, Chinese lantern, Japanese-lantern, strawberry groundcherry, or winter cherry;) is a ...
*  Physalis acutifolia - Wikipedia
Physalis acutifolia is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family known by the common names sharpleaf groundcherry ... "Physalis acutifolia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 31 January 2016. "BSBI List 2007 ...
*  Physalis angulata - Wikipedia
Physalis angulata (USDA) Physalis angulata in West African plants - A Photo Guide. "Physalis angulata L". Atlas of Living ... Physalis angulata is an erect, herbaceous, annual plant belonging to the nightshade family Solanaceae. It reproduces by seed. ... It is related to, but not to be confused with Physalis peruviana, the Cape gooseberry, a fruit native to, and cultivated in the ... "Physalis angulata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...
*  Physalis longifolia - Wikipedia
"Physalis longifolia". The Jepson eFlora. Berkeley: Jepson Herbarium, University of California. 2013. "Physalis longifolia". ... Physalis longifolia Nutt., and Related Physalis Species: A Review" (pdf). Economic Botany. 66 (3): 298-310. doi:10.1007/s12231- ... Physalis longifolia, known by the common names common groundcherry, longleaf groundcherry, and wild tomatillo, is a species of ... The Zuni people referred to the plant and its relative Physalis hederifolia as Ke'tsitokia, and probably used them in similar ...

(1/37) Host-dependent requirement for the Potato leafroll virus 17-kda protein in virus movement.

The requirement for the 17-kDa protein (P17) of Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in virus movement was investigated in four plant species: potato (Solanum tuberosum), Physalis floridana, Nicotiana benthamiana, and N. clevelandii. Two PLRV P17 mutants were characterized, one that does not translate the P17 and another that expresses a P17 missing the first four amino acids. The P17 mutants were able to replicate and accumulate in agroinoculated leaves of potato and P. floridana, but they were unable to move into vascular tissues and initiate a systemic infection in these plants. In contrast, the P17 mutants were able to spread systemically from inoculated leaves in both Nicotiana spp., although the efficiency of infection was reduced relative to wild-type PLRV. Examination of virus distribution in N. benthamiana plants using tissue immunoblotting techniques revealed that the wild-type PLRV and P17 mutants followed a similar movement pathway out of the inoculated leaves. Virus first moved upward to the apical tissues and then downward. The P17 mutants, however, infected fewer phloem-associated cells, were slower than wild-type PLRV in moving out of the inoculated tissue and into apical tissues, and were unable to infect any mature leaves present on the plant at the time of inoculation.  (+info)

(2/37) Mutation of interfacial residues disrupts subunit folding and particle assembly of Physalis mottle tymovirus.

Virus-like particles (VLPs) serve as excellent model systems to identify the pathways of virus assembly. To gain insights into the assembly mechanisms of the Physalis mottle tymovirus (PhMV), six interfacial residues, identified based on the crystal structure of the native and recombinant capsids, were targeted for mutagenesis. The Q37E, Y67A, R68Q, D83A, I123A, and S145A mutants of the PhMV recombinant coat protein (rCP) expressed in Escherichia coli were soluble. However, except for the S145A mutant, which assembled into VLPs similar to that of wild type rCP capsids, all the other mutants failed to assemble into VLPs. Furthermore, the purified Q37E, Y67A, R68Q, D83A, and I123A rCP mutants existed essentially as partially folded monomers as revealed by sucrose density gradient analysis, circular dichroism, fluorescence, thermal, and urea denaturation studies. The rCP mutants locked into such conformations probably lack the structural signals/features that would allow them to assemble into capsids. Thus, the mutation of residues involved in inter-subunit interactions in PhMV disrupts both subunit folding and particle assembly.  (+info)

(3/37) Oral immunization of animals with transgenic cherry tomatillo expressing HBsAg.

AIM: To investigate the expression of recombinant HBsAg (rHBsAg) in transgenic cherry tomatillo in order to explore the feasibility of producing HBV oral vaccine with cherry tomatillo by animal immune tests. METHODS: The recombinant plant expression vector containing HBsAg gene was constructed. Mediated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens, HBsAg gene was transferred into cotyledons of cherry tomatillo. Transformed cherry tomatillos were obtained through hygromycin delay-selection. Integrated DNA in transgenic cherry tomatillo was confirmed by hygromycin resistance selection, Gus detection, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and dot blotting analysis. Antigenicity of rHBsAg was examined by ELISA and the immunogenicity of rHBsAg derived from transgenic cherry tomatillo tissues was confirmed by oral feed of transformed tissues to BALB/c mice primed with commercial HBV vaccines. Specific antibody titers in mice's serum were examined by ELISA every week. RESULTS: By far, 10 positive lines of transgenic cherry tomatillos containing HBsAg gene were obtained. Among different organs of the same transgenic cherry tomatillo, level of rHBsAg expressed in leaves was the highest with the yield up to 300ng/g fresh weight. And the rHBsAg expression level in fruits was about 10 ng/g fresh weight. In animal immune tests, oral delivery with transgenic tissues to mice primed with commercial vaccine instead of naive mice resulted in significant immune response. CONCLUSION: The result of this animal immune test indicated the rHBsAg derived from transgenic cherry tomatillo possessed normal immunogenicity. This work demonstrated the feasibility to generate oral immunogenic rHBsAg in transgenic cherry tomatillo, and would provide some experimental approach for the production of low-cost oral vaccines using transgenic cherry tomatillo in large scale.  (+info)

(4/37) Minor withanolides from Physalis philadelphica: structures, quinone reductase induction activities, and liquid chromatography (LC)-MS-MS investigation as artifacts.

As a result of a bioactivity-guided search for novel, plant-derived cancer chemopreventive agents, ixocarpalactone A (5) was isolated previously as a potent quinone reductase inducer from the leaves and stems of Physalis philadelphica. In the present study, this promising lead compound was reisolated in gram quantities for in vivo biological testing. During the course of this work, four additional minor new withanolides were also obtained and characterized, namely, 2,3-dihydro-3beta-methoxyixocarpalactone A (1), 2,3-dihydro-3beta-methoxyixocarpalactone B (2), 2,3-dihydroixocarpalactone B (3), and 4beta,7beta,20R-trihydroxy-1-oxowitha-2,5-dien-22,26-olide (4). However, compounds 1 and 2 were determined using liquid chromatography (LC)-MS-MS to be artifacts generated during the extraction and isolation procedure. Ixocarpalactone A was detected in the fresh fruits (tomatillos) of P. philadelphica by LC-MS-MS analysis at a concentration of 143+/-4.53 ppb.  (+info)

(5/37) Molluscicidal activity of Physalis angulata L. extracts and fractions on Biomphalaria tenagophila (d'Orbigny, 1835) under laboratory conditions.

The main objective of this research is to evaluate the molluscicide activity of Physalis angulata L. Biomphalaria tenagophila specimens under laboratory conditions. Extracts and fractions were supplied by the Laborat rio de Qu mica de Produtos Naturais, Farmanguinhos-Fiocruz. Experiments were performed according to the methodology described by the World Health Organization for molluscicide tests using the concentrations from 0.1 to 500 mg/l of the extracts, fractions and of a pool of physalins modified steroids present in this species. The results show that ethyl acetate and acetone extracts from the whole plant, the ethanolic extracts of the roots and the physalins pool from stems and leaves were active. Only the whole plant extracts were available in sufficient quantity for the determination of LD50 and LD90 values.  (+info)

(6/37) Trypanocidal constituents in plants 4. Withanolides from the aerial parts of Physalis angulata.

The constituents of the aerial parts of Physalis angulata (Solanaceae) were investigated based on the plant's trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent for Chagas' disease. Four new withanolides were isolated, along with six known ones, from the active fraction. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis. Trypanocidal activity against trypomastigotes, an infectious form of T. cruzi, was also estimated, as well as cytotoxic activity against human uterine carcinoma (HeLa) cells in vitro. Evaluation of trypanocidal activity using the colorimetric reagent Cell Counting Kit-8 was also examined.  (+info)

(7/37) Biochemical crypsis in the avoidance of natural enemies by an insect herbivore.

Plant-herbivore interactions provide well studied examples of coevolution, but little is known about how such interactions are influenced by the third trophic level. Here we show that larvae of the specialized lepidopteran herbivore Heliothis subflexa reduce their vulnerability to natural enemies through adaptation to a remarkable and previously unknown feature of their host plant, Physalis angulata: The fruits of this plant lack linolenic acid (LA), which is required for the development of most insects. By overcoming this nutritional deficiency, H. subflexa larvae achieve numerous advantages. First, they gain near-exclusive access to a food resource: we demonstrate that closely related Heliothis virescens larvae cannot develop on P. angulata fruit unless the fruit are treated with LA. Second, they reduce their vulnerability to enemies: LA is a key component of volicitin, an elicitor of plant-volatile-signaling defenses. We demonstrate that volicitin is absent in the oral secretions of fruit-feeding caterpillars, that the volatile profiles of plants induced by fruit feeding differ from those induced by leaf feeding or by feeding on LA-treated fruit, and that the former are far less attractive to female Cardiochiles nigriceps parasitoids. Finally, they render themselves nutritionally unsuitable as hosts for enemies that require LA for their own development: we show that C. nigriceps larvae fail to develop within the bodies of fruit-feeding caterpillars but do develop in caterpillars feeding on LA-treated fruit. Thus, H. subflexa larvae not only overcome a serious dietary deficiency but also reduce their vulnerability to natural enemies through a form of "biochemical crypsis."  (+info)

(8/37) Heterotopic expression of MPF2 is the key to the evolution of the Chinese lantern of Physalis, a morphological novelty in Solanaceae.

Morphological novelties arise through changes in development, but the underlying causes of such changes are largely unknown. In the genus Physalis, sepals resume growth after pollination to encapsulate the mature fruit, forming the "Chinese lantern," a trait also termed inflated-calyx syndrome (ICS). STMADS16, which encodes a MADS-box transcription factor, is expressed only in vegetative tissues in Solanum tuberosum. Its ortholog in Physalis pubescens, MPF2, is expressed in floral tissues. Knockdown of MPF2 function in Physalis by RNA interference (RNAi) reveals that MPF2 function is essential for the development of the ICS. The phenotypes of transgenic S. tuberosum plants that overexpress MPF2 or STMADS16 corroborate these findings: these plants display enlarged sepals. Although heterotopic expression of MPF2 is crucial for ICS, remarkably, fertilization is also required. Although the ICS is less prominent or absent in the knockdown transgenic plants, epidermal cells are larger, suggesting that MPF2 exerts its function by inhibiting cell elongation and promoting cell division. In addition, severely affected Physalis knockdown lines are male sterile. Thus, heterotopic expression of MPF2 in floral tissues is involved in two novel traits: expression of the ICS and control of male fertility. Sequence differences between the promoter regions of the MPF2 and STMADS16 genes perhaps reflect exposure to different selection pressures during evolution, and correlate with the observed differences in their expression patterns. In any case, the effects of heterotopic expression of MPF2 underline the importance of recruitment of preexisting transcription factors in the evolution of novel floral traits.  (+info)

  • fruits
  • Larvae of Heliothis subflexa could theoretically profit in two ways from Physalis fruits: First, withanolides display antibacterial and immune stimulant activity. (innovations-report.com)
  • In contrast to their close relative Heliothis virescens, a generalist that feeds on at least 14 different plant families but not on Physalis, Heliothis subflexa larvae feed exclusively on Physalis fruits, and it is the only Heliothis species to do so. (innovations-report.com)
  • Native to high-altitude, tropical Chile and Peru, where the fruits grow wild, physalis is locally eaten and frequently sold in markets in western South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • virginiana
  • A specific example of the aggressive capabilities of Physalis virginiana is its effect on soy bean production in Kentucky. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hybridization potential of Physalis virginiana has also been studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers believed that the increased hybridization of Physalis virginiana is possibly due to scarcity of Physalis virginiana pollen. (wikipedia.org)
  • One study done specifically on Physalis virginiana was intended to investigate the antibacterial potential of Physalis virginiana. (wikipedia.org)
  • The overall purpose of this study was to identify the chemical compounds of Physalis virginiana that could be used to make antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • fruit
  • Furthermore, the Physalis fruit is covered by a calyx that creates a so-called enemy-free space," concludes co-author Heiko Vogel. (innovations-report.com)
  • the typical Physalis fruit is similar to a firm tomato in texture, and like strawberries or pineapple in flavor, with a mild acidity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physalis fruit are rich in cryptoxanthin.The fruit can be used like the tomato. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some nations, such as Colombia, have a significant economic trade in Physalis fruit. (wikipedia.org)