Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Cytochromes b: Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.DNA, Chloroplast: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.South AmericaEndangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Caves: Geological formations consisting of underground enclosures with access from the surface.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Zygophyllaceae: A plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida which is a small family of small trees and shrubs growing in arid and warm regions.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.North AmericaCentral AmericaMicrosatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Otters: Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.Mediterranean Islands: Scattered islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The chief islands are the Balearic Islands (belong to Spain; Majorca and Minorca are among these), Corsica (belongs to France), Crete (belongs to Greece), CYPRUS (a republic), the Cyclades, Dodecanese and Ionian Islands (belong to Greece), MALTA (a republic), Sardinia and SICILY (belong to Italy). (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p747)Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.LizardsTibet: An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.Murinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Saint Lucia: An independent state in the West Indies. Its capital is Castries. It was probably discovered by Columbus in 1502 and first settled by the English in 1605. Contended for by the French and English in the 17th century, it was regarded as neutral in 1748 but changed hands many times in the wars of the 19th century. It became a self-governing state in association with Great Britain in 1967 and achieved independence in 1979. Columbus named it for the day on which he discovered it, the feast of St. Lucy, a Sicilian virgin martyr. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1051 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p477)Pacific OceanIndian Ocean Islands: Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).Genes, Mitochondrial: Genes that are located on the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA. Mitochondrial inheritance is often referred to as maternal inheritance but should be differentiated from maternal inheritance that is transmitted chromosomally.EuropeArbacia: A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Arbaciidae. They have only one spheridium (stalked body) per ambulacral area (contains tube feet); most sea urchins have several spheridia per area.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Tigers: The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis: The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Northwestern United States: The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Triturus: A genus of aquatic newts in the Salamandridae family. During breeding season many Triturus males have a dorsal crest which also serves as an accessory respiratory organ. One of the common Triturus species is Triturus cristatus (crested newt).Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.Ranidae: The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.Panicum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).ShrewsIslands: Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Nested Genes: Genes whose entire sequences are contained within other genes.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)AfricaEcosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Atlantic OceanConservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Rotifera: A class of minute animals of the phylum Aschelminthes.Snails: Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.Isopoda: One of the largest orders of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 10,000 species. Like AMPHIPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Amphipoda, they possess abdominal pleopods (modified as gills) and their bodies are dorsoventrally flattened.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Passeriformes: A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.Electron Transport Complex IV: A multisubunit enzyme complex containing CYTOCHROME A GROUP; CYTOCHROME A3; two copper atoms; and 13 different protein subunits. It is the terminal oxidase complex of the RESPIRATORY CHAIN and collects electrons that are transferred from the reduced CYTOCHROME C GROUP and donates them to molecular OXYGEN, which is then reduced to water. The redox reaction is simultaneously coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the inner mitochondrial membrane.Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.Urodela: An order of the Amphibia class which includes salamanders and newts. They are characterized by usually having slim bodies and tails, four limbs of about equal size (except in Sirenidae), and a reduction in skull bones.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Mustelidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Ursidae: The family of carnivorous or omnivorous bears, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Indian Ocean: A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)ChileBiodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Ixodidae: A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Cichlids: Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Genetic Drift: The fluctuation of the ALLELE FREQUENCY from one generation to the next.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Phylogeny & Phylogeography of Mammals Lab - Institut de Biologia Evolutiva - CSIC UPF (UPF)Gecko phylogeography in the Western Indian Ocean region: the oldest clade of Ebenavia inunguis lives on the youngest island. ...
The Genealogical World of Phylogenetic Networks: Network thinking in phylogeography?It has always seemed odd that the tree model has been used in phylogeography at all, because there is no a priori reason to ... As phylogeography moves into the era of next-generation sequencing, the specter of reticulation at several levels - within loci ... Apparently, the world of phylogeography has now woken up:. Scott V. Edwards, Sally Potter, C. Jonathan Schmitt, Jason G. Bragg ... That phylogeography sits centrally in this process-oriented space emphasizes the importance of understanding interactions ...
Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Wise words on Y chromosome phylogeographyMaju wrote: "So people going from the coasts of the Arabian Sea to those of the Bay of Bengal probably took three different routes to cross India." The branches in C are unresolved and deeprooted. If your comment were true wouldn't we be able to discern these three divisions: and a gradual regional diversification in C with the Indian ones being closer to each other than they are to more distant ones? All branches of C are basically confined to separate regions. It seems in fact that C diversified early after a rapid expansion. It may have been through India, but there's no need to assume it was without more evidence. C5 and C* are actually as different from each other as are any other two Y-chromosome C haplogroups. Suggests they originated in two different regions. C* is actually found in island SE Asia and I've read a paper from some Indian scientists that it is found mostly in coastal regions of India. (Can't find the paper at the moment). ...
Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Balloux in Heredity on Mitochondrial PhylogeographyFrancois Balloux has some scathing criticism on mitochondrial phylogeography as it is currently practiced (doi: 10.1038/hdy. ...
Phylogeography of isolated freshwater three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus populations in the Adriatic Sea basin -...If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team ...
Phylogeography and population genetics of social parasitism in Myrmica antsPhylogeography and population genetics of social parasitism in Myrmica ants. en. dc.title.alternative. Viholaismuurahaisten ... Phylogeography and population genetics of social parasitism in Myrmica ants. Show simple item record ...
Phylogeography and Conservation Genetics of the Common Wall Lizard, Podarcis muralis, on Islands at Its Northern RangeWe sequenced a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene in 200 individuals of P. muralis to infer the phylogeography of ... In this study, we investigate the phylogeography and genetic structure of peripheral populations of the common European wall ... Phylogeography Is the Subject Area "Phylogeography" applicable to this article? Yes. No. ... 2015) Phylogeography and Conservation Genetics of the Common Wall Lizard, Podarcis muralis, on Islands at Its Northern Range. ...
Phylogeography of Bufo marinus from its natural and introduced ranges | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B:...Phylogeography of Bufo marinus from its natural and introduced ranges Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Phylogeography of Bufo marinus from its natural and introduced ranges. R.W. Slade, C. Moritz ...
The southwestern Indian Ocean as a potential marine evolutionary hotspot : perspectives from comparative phylogeography of reef...The southwestern Indian Ocean as a potential marine evolutionary hotspot : perspectives from comparative phylogeography of reef ... The southwestern Indian Ocean as a potential marine evolutionary hotspot : perspectives from comparative phylogeography of reef ... We created an analytical framework based on comparative phylogeography and coalescent methods to assess the dynamics of ... We analysed them by combining comparative phylogeography approaches, coalescent- based methods, molecular clocks and the ...
Bird migratory flyways influence the phylogeography of the invasive brine shrimp Artemia franciscana in its native American...Here we address the impact of bird migratory flyways on the population genetic structure and phylogeography of A. franciscana ... it had a significant historical role on the current species phylogeography, facilitating the colonisation of new aquatic ... geography and human introductions on the phylogeography and population genetic structure at a continental scale. A. ... Muñoz J, Amat F, Green AJ, Figuerola J, Gómez A. (2013) Bird migratory flyways influence the phylogeography of the invasive ...
The influence of pleistocene climatic changes and ocean currents on the phylogeography of the Southern African Barnacle,...The influence of pleistocene climatic changes and ocean currents on the phylogeography of the Southern African Barnacle, ... The Influence of pleistocene climatic changes and ocean currents on the phylogeography of the Southern African Barnacle, ...
Practical Course on Phylogeography - Training - CE3CIntroduction the Phylogeography, basic concepts and problems. Databases for population studies and types of data sets for ... Phylogeography is one of the recent scientific areas emergent from the dissemination of highthrouput technologies of sequencing ... description of statistical methods and principles necessary for understanding the analytical methods used in Phylogeography. ...
Published Research | Smithsonian's National ZooPhylogeography of a Widespread North American Migratory Songbird (Setophaga ruticilla). Colbeck, Gabriel J., Gibbs, H. Lisle, ... Marra, Peter P., Hobson, Keith and Webster, Michael S. Phylogeography of a Widespread North American Migratory Songbird ( ...
Continental-scale assessment of genetic diversity and population structure in quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) - Callahan -...Aspen populations in the south-western portion of the range are consistent with expectations for a historically stable edge, with low within-population diversity, significant geographical population structuring, and little evidence of northward expansion. Structuring within the south-western cluster may result from distinct gene pools separated during the Pleistocene and reunited following glacial retreat, similar to patterns found in other forest tree species in the western USA. In aspen, populations in the south-western portion of the species range are thought to be at particularly high risk of mortality with climate change. Our findings suggest that these same populations may be disproportionately valuable in terms of both evolutionary potential and conservation value. ...
Cassin's finch - Wikipedia"Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60741-844--3 ...
TRACKING DISPERSAL ROUTES: PHYLOGEOGRAPHY OF THE ARCTIC‐ANTARCTIC DISJUNCT SEAWEED ACROSIPHONIA ARCTA (CHLOROPHYTA) - The...TRACKING DISPERSAL ROUTES: PHYLOGEOGRAPHY OF THE ARCTIC‐ANTARCTIC DISJUNCT SEAWEED ACROSIPHONIA ARCTA (CHLOROPHYTA) Journal ...
College of Life Sciences and Agriculture (COLSA) Grant Recipients | Hamel Center for Undergraduate ResearchTopic: Phylogeography of New England Cottontails. Jennifer Roloff, Nutritional Sciences. Faculty Mentor: Prof. Gale Carey, ...
Eastern Mediterranean Mobility in the Bronze and Early Iron Ages: Inferences from Ancient DNA of Pigs and Cattle | Scientific...Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication. Science 307, 1618-1621, doi:307/5715/1618 ... domestication and phylogeography of taurine and zebu cattle (Bos taurus and Bos indicus). Genetics 146, 1071-1086 (1997). ...
Wiley: Estimating Species Trees: Practical and Theoretical Aspects - L. Lacey Knowles, Laura S. KubatkoHer research areas include speciation, sexual selection, phylogeography, and evolutionary radiations. Dr. Knowles was recently ...
MolluscaPages 14-44 in: Molecular Systematics and Phylogeography of Mollusks. C. Lydeard and D. R. Lindberg, eds. Smithsonian ...
Review. Genetic mechanisms of speciation | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences2000 Phylogeography: the history and formation of species. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ...
Two waves of diversification in mammals and reptiles of Baja California revealed by hierarchical Bayesian analysis | Biology...2001 Comparative phylogeography as an integrative approach to historical biogeography J. Biogeogr 28 819-825. doi:10.1046/j. ... 2004 The burgeoning field of statistical phylogeography J. Evol. Biol 17 1-10. doi:10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00644.x. ... Phylogeography and systematics of the Peromyscus eremicus species group and the historical biogeography of North American warm ... 2000 PhylogeographyIn The history and formation of species Cambridge, MA:Harvard University Press. ...
Species delimitation and relationships: The dance of the seven veils - Zurich Open Repository and Archive... phylogeography; population genetics; speciation; species delimitation. ...
The ubiquitous mountain hare mitochondria: multiple introgressive hybridization in hares, genus Lepus | Philosophical...1998 Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe. Mol. Ecol. 7, 453-464. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x. ... 2001 Speciation, hybrid zones and phylogeography-or seeing genes in space and time. Mol. Ecol. 10, 537-549. doi:10.1046/j.1365- ... 2005 Hares on ice: phylogeography and historical demographics of Lepus arcticus, L. othus, and L. timidus (Mammalia: Lagomorpha ...
Surucucu - Wikipedia30 (1): 53-8. Consultado em 15 de novembro de 2016 Zamudio, Kelly R.; Greene, Harry W. (1997). «Phylogeography of the ... Consultado em 15 de novembro de 2016 Zamudio, Kelly R.; Greene, Harry W. (1997). «Phylogeography of the bushmaster (Lachesis ...
Phylogeography: Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the contemporary geographic distributions of individuals. This is accomplished by considering the geographic distribution of individuals in light of the patterns associated with a gene genealogy.Health geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Haplogroup L0 (mtDNA)Genetic variation: right|thumbPanmixia: Panmixia (or panmixis) means random mating.King C and Stanfield W.DNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).Utiaritichthys: Utiaritichthys is a genus of serrasalmid found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins in tropical South America.Bungonia Caves: Bungonia Caves is the name given to a series of caves near the city of Goulburn, New South Wales Australia.Molecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Weathering: Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters. Weathering occurs in situ, roughly translated to: "with no movement" , and thus should not be confused with erosion, which involves the movement of rocks and minerals by agents such as water, ice, snow, wind, waves and gravity and then being transported and deposited in other locations.MECACAR: Operation MECACAR (currently known as MECACAR New Millennium) is a multi-national immunization program launched in 1995 by the World Health Organization to coordinate polio vaccination efforts (currently it is also used to coordinated measles and rubella vaccination efforts). The name of the operation was derived from the names of the regions participating in the operation: Eastern Mediterranean, Caucasus, Central Asian Republics and Russia.Pax MongolicaHyperparameter: In Bayesian statistics, a hyperparameter is a parameter of a prior distribution; the term is used to distinguish them from parameters of the model for the underlying system under analysis.Geolocation software: In computing, geolocation software is used to deduce the geolocation (geographic location) of another party. For example, on the Internet, one geolocation approach is to identify the subject party's IP address, then determine what country (including down to the city and post/ZIP code level), organization, or user the IP address has been assigned to, and finally, determine that party's location.American Medical Student AssociationAthletics at the 2002 Central American and Caribbean GamesMicrosatellite: A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times. Microsatellites occur at thousands of locations in the human genome and they are notable for their high mutation rate and high diversity in the population.Lontra, Minas GeraisAgioi Theodoroi (islands)Natural Park of El FondoMatrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Tokay gecko: The tokay gecko (Gekko gecko) is a nocturnal arboreal gecko, ranging from northeast India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, throughout Southeast Asia, Philippines to Indonesia and western New Guinea. Its native habitat is rainforest trees and cliffs, and it also frequently adapts to rural human habitations, roaming walls and ceilings at night in search of insect prey.In Secret Tibet: In Secret Tibet (In disguise amongst lamas, robbers, and wise men) is a travel book by author Theodore Illion, first published in English in 1937.Rhabdomys: Rhabdomys is a largely Southern African genus of muroid rodents slightly larger than house mice. They are known variously as Striped or Four-Striped mice or rats.Invasion of Guadeloupe (1794): The Invasion of Guadeloupe was a British attempt in 1794 to take and hold the island of Guadeloupe in the West Indies during the French Revolutionary Wars. The British had negotiated with the French planters, Ignace-Joseph-Philippe de Perpignan and Louis de Curt, who wished to gain British protection, as the French Constitutional Assembly was passing a law abolishing slavery.Tourism in Saint LuciaEcosystem of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre: The North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG) is the largest contiguous ecosystem on earth. In oceanography, a subtropical gyre is a ring-like system of ocean currents rotating clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere caused by the Coriolis Effect.Austrian colonization of Nicobar Islands: Austrian colonization of Nicobar Islands was a short-lived and unsuccessful attempt of Habsburg Monarchy to make Nicobar Islands (an island chain in the eastern Indian Ocean) their colony. The colony was established in 1778.GA²LENPink skunk clownfish: Amphiprion perideraion also known as the pink skunk clownfish or pink anemonefish, is a species of anemonefish from the skunk complex that is widespread from northern Australia through the Malay Archipelago and Melanesia. Like all anemonefishes it forms a symbiotic mutualism with sea anemones and is unaffected by the stinging tentacles of the host anemone.White tiger: The white tiger is a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger, which is reported in the wild from time to time in the Indian states of Assam, Bengal, Bihar, Sunderbans and especially in the former State of Rewa.McDougal, C.Salvia nemorosa: Salvia nemorosa (woodland sage, Balkan clary) is a hardy herbaceous perennial plant native to a wide area of central Europe and Western Asia.Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act of 1983Coles PhillipsPhyllodoce empetriformis: Phyllodoce empetriformis, the pink mountain-heather or pink mountain-heath, is found in mountainous regions of western North America in the Northwestern United States and Western Canada. Its southern range includes the Klamath Range in northern California and Oregon.Miss Asia Pacific 2005Green Croft and Langley MoorIndigenous peoples of SiberiaClinotarsus alticola: Clinotarsus alticola is a species of frog in the Ranidae family. Common names for this species include: Assam Hills frog, Annandale's frog, pointed-headed frog, palebrown stream frog, hill frog, point-nosed frog, and high-altitude frog.Panicum coloratum: Panicum coloratum is a species of grass known by the common names kleingrass, blue panicgrassPanicum coloratum. Tropical Forages.Zygodontomys brevicauda: Zygodontomys brevicauda, also known as the short-tailed zygodont,Musser and Carleton, 2005 short-tailed cane mouse,Delgado et al., 2008 or common cane mouse,Duff and Lawson, 2004 is a species of rodent in the genus Zygodontomys of tribe Oryzomyini.Pyrites Island: Pyrites Island () is the largest of three small islands lying northeast of Gam Point and forming the east side of Esther Harbor, off the north coast of King George Island in the South Shetland Islands. In 1913–14, the rocky extremity of Gam Point and the adjoining islands to the northwest and southeast were named Esther, Pyritis (sic) or Pyritic Islands by Scottish geologist David Ferguson, who reported they were composed of pyrites and vein quartz.Timeline of historic inventionsDecoding methods: In coding theory, decoding is the process of translating received messages into codewords of a given code. There have been many common methods of mapping messages to codewords.List of rivers in Western Sahara: This is a list of rivers in Western Sahara. This list is arranged north to south by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name.MIM Pan-African Malaria Conference 2009EcosystemIn Memory of Celtic Frost: In Memory of... Celtic Frost is a Celtic Frost tribute album released in 1996.Meramec Conservation AreaBulloo-Bancannia drainage basin: The Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin is a drainage basin that covers part of western Queensland and New South Wales. It is adjacent to the much larger Lake Eyre basin.Osmoprotectant: Osmoprotectants or compatible solutes are small molecules that act as osmolytes and help organisms survive extreme osmotic stress. In plants, their accumulation can increase survival under stress e.Planorbella trivolvis: Planorbella trivolvis is a species of freshwater air-breathing snail, an aquatic pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Planorbidae, the ram's horn snails, or planorbids, which all have sinistral or left-coiling shells.Elephantopus scaber: Elephantopus scaber is a tropical species of flowering plant in the sunflower family. It is native to tropical Africa, Eastern Asia, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia.List of glaciers in the Antarctic: A-H: This is a list of glaciers in the Antarctic with a name starting with the letters A–H. This list does not include ice sheets, ice caps or ice fields, such as the Antarctic ice sheet, but includes glacial features that are defined by their flow, rather than general bodies of ice.Skylark launch tower: A Skylark tower is a tower used for the launch of earlier versions of Skylark rockets. As Skylark rockets have no guidance system and accelerate slowly, they require a safe launch tower with a height of at least 24 metres with a guidance system.Oxidative phosphorylation: Oxidative phosphorylation (or OXPHOS in short) is the metabolic pathway in which the mitochondria in cells use their structure, enzymes, and energy released by the oxidation of nutrients to reform ATP. Although the many forms of life on earth use a range of different nutrients, ATP is the molecule that supplies energy to metabolism.Respiratory system of gastropods: The respiratory system of gastropods varies greatly in form. These variations were once used as a basis for dividing the group into subclasses.Stubb Drainage WindmillWater supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories are characterized by severe water shortage and are highly influenced by the Israeli occupation. The water resources of Palestine are fully controlled by Israel and the division of groundwater is subject to provisions in the Oslo II Accord.Wolverine and the X-Men (toyline): The Wolverine and the X-Men toyline is a 3¾" action figure line manufactured by Hasbro. It is a tie-in to the Wolverine and the X-Men animated series and was released alongside the Marvel Universe toyline and X-Men Origins: Wolverine toyline as part of Hasbro's new 3¾" figure initiative for Marvel Comics characters, although this line has a much more animated style than the other two lines.Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseYamaha Grizzly 600: The Yamaha Grizzly is a large utility all-terrain vehicle manufactured by the Yamaha Motor Company. It has a 595cc four-stroke engine from the XT600.Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research: 140px|rightSouth Brother (Chagos Bank): South Brother, also known as Île du Sud, is a 23 ha coral island on the Great Chagos Bank atoll of the Chagos Archipelago in the British Indian Ocean Territory. It is one of the three islands in the Three Brothers group on the western side of the atoll, and forms part of the Chagos Archipelago strict nature reserve.List of tallest buildings in Chile: This is a list of the 10 tallest buildings in Chile including buildings that are under construction.Alliance for Zero Extinction: Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth."Zero Extinction - Home.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.Climate change in the United Kingdom: Climate change in the United Kingdom has been a subject of protests and controversies, and various policies have been developed to mitigate its effects. It is estimated to demand at least 80-85% emission reductions in the EU during 2008-2050 with reductions as soon as technically possible.Symmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Notropis: Notropis is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known commonly as eastern shiners.Haemaphysalis longicornis: Haemaphysalis longicornis is a species of tick. Lyme spirochetes and spotted fever group rickettsiae have been detected in H.List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Neolamprologus leleupi: Neolamprologus leleupi, also known as Lemon Cichlid, is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Tanganyika where it occurs throughout the lake. It is a recess-dweller, inhabiting cracks and crevices.Adalia bipunctata: Adalia bipunctata, commonly known as the two-spot ladybird, two-spotted ladybug or two-spotted lady beetle, is a carnivorous beetle of the family Coccinellidae that is found throughout the holarctic region. It is very common in western and central Europe.Australian National BL classWater Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area: Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area (French, Eau Agriculture Et Sante Et Milieu Tropical (E.A.Horseshoe bat: Horseshoe bats make up the bat family Rhinolophidae. In addition to the single living genus, Rhinolophus, one extinct genus, Palaeonycteris, has been recognized.Spatial ecology: Spatial ecology is a specialization in ecology and geography that is concerned with the identification of spatial patterns and their relationships to ecological phenomena. Ecological events can be explained through the detection of patterns at a given spatial scale: local, regional, or global.Microevolution: Microevolution is the change in allele frequencies that occur over time within a population.Microevolution: What is microevolution?Peat swamp forest: Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat.
(1/1089) Genetic differentiation between resistance phenotypes in the phytophagous flea beetle, Phyllotreta nemorum.
(2/1089) Sharp phylogeographic breaks and patterns of genealogical concordance in the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana.
(3/1089) The diverse applications of cladistic analysis of molecular evolution, with special reference to nested clade analysis.
(4/1089) Introgression in peripheral populations and colonization shape the genetic structure of the coastal shrub Armeria pungens.
(5/1089) Seewis virus: phylogeography of a shrew-borne hantavirus in Siberia, Russia.
(6/1089) Mitochondrial DNA variation in the malaria vector Anopheles minimus across China, Thailand and Vietnam: evolutionary hypothesis, population structure and population history.
(7/1089) Disentangling phylogeography, polyploid evolution and taxonomy of a woodland herb (Veronica chamaedrys group, Plantaginaceae s.l.) in southeastern Europe.
(8/1089) Frequency of multiple paternity in the spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias in the western north Atlantic.
- In this study, we investigate the phylogeography and genetic structure of peripheral populations of the common European wall lizard, Podarcis muralis , on Jersey (Channel Islands, UK) and in the Chausey archipelago. (plos.org)
- We sequenced a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene in 200 individuals of P. muralis to infer the phylogeography of the island populations using Bayesian approaches. (plos.org)
- We created an analytical framework based on comparative phylogeography and coalescent methods to assess the dynamics of diversification and population persistence in the reef ecosystem of a little-studied region: the Southwestern Indian Ocean (SWIO). (up.ac.za)
- Short description of statistical methods and principles necessary for understanding the analytical methods used in Phylogeography. (ulisboa.pt)
- Here we address the impact of bird migratory flyways on the population genetic structure and phylogeography of A. franciscana in its native range in the Americas. (peerj.com)
- Furthermore, we performed Mantel tests and redundancy analyses (RDA) to test the role of flyways, geography and human introductions on the phylogeography and population genetic structure at a continental scale. (peerj.com)
- Phylogeography was conceived as some sort of connection between population biology and phylogenetics. (blogspot.pt)
- This combination of processes sets phylogeography apart from traditional population genetics and phylogenetics. (blogspot.pt)
- We analysed them by combining comparative phylogeography approaches, coalescent- based methods, molecular clocks and the concept of evolutionarily significant units (ESUs) to draw conclusions about the drivers of biodiversity in the region. (up.ac.za)
- We discuss a variety of forces generating reticulate patterns in phylogeography, including introgression, contact zones, and the potential selection-driven outliers on next-generation molecular markers. (blogspot.pt)
- Pages 14-44 in: Molecular Systematics and Phylogeography of Mollusks. (tolweb.org)
- Introduction the Phylogeography, basic concepts and problems. (ulisboa.pt)
- This genomic heterogeneity is profoundly influencing our basic concepts of phylogeography and phylogenetics, and indeed our views of speciation processes. (blogspot.pt)
- It has always seemed odd that the tree model has been used in phylogeography at all, because there is no a priori reason to expect within-species phylogenetic patterns to be tree-like. (blogspot.pt)
- instead, it had a significant historical role on the current species phylogeography, facilitating the colonisation of new aquatic environments as they become available along their main migratory flyways. (peerj.com)
- The Genealogical World of Phylogenetic Networks: Network thinking in phylogeography? (blogspot.pt)
- The role of horizontal gene flow in speciation and phylogeography, particularly for animal taxa, has long been championed by Michael L. Arnold (see the references). (blogspot.pt)