*  Personal Autonomy - Tractatus Vitae

Personal Autonomy. June 23, 2013. June 24, 2013. by ddmatta, posted in Uncategorized ...
https://davidmatta.wordpress.com/2013/06/23/personal-autonomy/

*  The Informed Consent of Beaumont's Patient

Informed consent is the fundamental ethical and legal doctrine that protects the patient's rights of personal autonomy and ...
https://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/780247

*  Foerster H. von (1989) The Need of Perception for the Perception of Needs [1714]

From personal communication with Margaret Naeser and John Lilly. For related information see M. A. Naeser and J. C. Lilly, "The ... Ethics stipulates at least one other being whose autonomy is its essential attribute. ... that autonomy and self-determination are the crucial attributes of living things. There are, of course, those who say that this ...
univie.ac.at/constructivism/archive/fulltexts/1714.html

*  Personal Autonomy | Wex Legal Dictionary / Encyclopedia | LII / Legal Information Institute

This personal autonomy has grown into a 'liberty' protected by the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment. However, this ... a general right to personal autonomy has yet to take hold beyond limited circumstances. ... personal autonomyThe right of privacy has evolved to protect the freedom of individuals to choose whether or not to perform ... Personal Autonomy. right of privacy: personal autonomy. The right of privacy has evolved to protect the freedom of individuals ...
https://law.cornell.edu/wex/Personal_Autonomy

*  Personal Autonomy Is Evaporating. Should We Care? | Big Think

It will certainly be a world of sharply reduced personal autonomy.. Autonomy is often described as personal self-government, or ... So in 2014 the focus of this blog is shifting to the question of personal autonomy-what is it? is it worth saving? if we can't ... And so all these developments mean the scope of personal autonomy-the range of choices you are expected to make for yourself-is ... Personal Growth. Mind & Brain. Sex & Relationships. Technology & Innovation. Culture & Religion. Politics & Current Affairs. ...
bigthink.com/Mind-Matters/personal-autonomy-is-evaportating-should-we-care

*  Personal Autonomy Archives - Page 70 of 112 - No Longer Quivering

Copyright 2008-2017, Patheos. All rights reserved ...
patheos.com/blogs/nolongerquivering/category/quiverfull-hot-topics/quiverfull-criticism/issues/personal-autonomy/page/70/

*  Can Glucksberg Survive Lawrence? Another Look at the End of Life and Personal Autonomy by Yale Kamisar :: SSRN

Can Glucksberg Survive Lawrence? Another Look at the End of Life and Personal Autonomy. Michigan Law Review, Vol. 106, June ... Kamisar, Yale, Can Glucksberg Survive Lawrence? Another Look at the End of Life and Personal Autonomy. Michigan Law Review, Vol ...
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1025645

*  The Personal Autonomy Experiment - Garden Gorilla

The Personal Autonomy Experiment posted 6 Jul 2011, 03:21 by Tony Carroll Mark and Dawn are The Personal Autonomy Experiment ... The Personal Autonomy Experiment is an enterprise that uses our skills, knowledge and resources to establish a sustainable, ... Perhaps a much better term is "Personal Autonomy"; a state of self-reliance without the need to accept the authority of others. ...
gardengorilla.co.uk/sff2011/thepersonalautonomyexperiment

*  Does mental disorder involve loss of personal autonomy? : Autonomy and Mental Disorder - oi

This disruption of the states of the self could be described as a loss of autonomy as authenticity, but in our view this is ... This is mainly because the idea of autonomy as authenticity is itself problematic, quite possibly irredeemably so. But it is ... This idea of freedom to act is central to the political meaning of autonomy. Liberal political philosophy seeks to safeguard ... psychological and political meanings of autonomy. Several main points relevant to this question have been identified. First, ...
oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/med/9780199595426.003.0022

*  smoking ban | FreedomWorks

Sin Taxes, Nanny States and the Rejection of Personal Autonomy. "http:\/\/www.freedomworks.org\/content\/sin-taxes-nanny-states ... Sin Taxes, Nanny States and the Rejection of Personal Autonomy. BY Jeff Reynolds ... A few weeks ago, as my state legislature was gearing up to steal more of our personal liberty pass sensible legislation that ...
freedomworks.org/tags/smoking-ban

*  Articles: Progressive Feudalism

Personal Autonomy. Under feudalism, the ruling class had few limits on its power and regarded the commoner classes as under ... Personal Autonomy. Under feudalism, the ruling class had few limits on its power and regarded the commoner classes as under ... Many spheres of life were devoid of personal autonomy. What one wore and where one worked was closely regulated, and in feudal ... Many spheres of life were devoid of personal autonomy. What one wore and where one worked was closely regulated, and in feudal ...
americanthinker.com/articles/2010/10/progressive_feudalism_1.html

*  Liberal Judaism (United Kingdom) - Wikipedia

... personal autonomy for the individual; a belief in a messianic era of harmony instead of a personal messiah; and rejection of ... who affirmed a personal God; an ongoing (or "progressive") revelation allowing all to form their own views of religiosity, ... were recast with a stress on the autonomy of the individual and ethical implications. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberal_Judaism_

*  mentally ill persons

Forcible medication and personal autonomy: the case of Charles Thomas Sell. Megan Quinlan. Boston University, USA. Boston Univ ...
https://labome.org/topics/persons/disabled/mentally-ill-persons-21474.html

*  Ireland | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2015

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 15 / 16. Discrimination in the workplace on the basis of gender or sexual ...
https://freedomhouse.org/node/46716

*  Equatorial Guinea

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 3 / 16. Freedom of movement is protected by law but restricted in practice through ...
https://freedomhouse.org/print/48014

*  Poland | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2015

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 14 / 16. Citizens enjoy freedom of travel and choice of residence, employment, and ...
https://freedomhouse.org/node/46776

*  Bangladesh | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2015

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 9 / 16. The ability to move within the country is relatively free, as is foreign ... Under the personal status laws affecting all religious communities, women have fewer marriage, divorce, and inheritance rights ... provisions governing personal status matters in Bangladesh. ...
https://freedomhouse.org/node/46644

*  Japan | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2015

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 14 / 16 (+1). Japanese are free to live, work, travel, and study where they wish. ...
https://freedomhouse.org/node/46720

*  Andorra | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2015

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 15 / 16. Citizens enjoy freedom of movement and have the right to own property. ... In May 2014, the government passed a new personal income tax law, set to go into effect in 2015. ...
https://freedomhouse.org/node/46634

*  Peru | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2015

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 10 / 16. Peru does not place formal restrictions on movement, but the frequency of ... While the TC is relatively independent, its autonomy has been subject to both setbacks and advances in recent years. A 2008 ...
https://freedomhouse.org/node/46774

*  PPT - Survivors of Hurricane Katrina: Losses, Hopes & Dreams of Displaced Older Adults PowerPoint Presentation - ID:2707415

Loss of Personal Autonomy Loss Due to Crime Loss of Contentment Jocelyn Augustino FEMA Photo ... Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / ...
slideserve.com/sydney/survivors-of-hurricane-katrina-losses-hopes-dreams-of-displaced-older-adults

*  Individual Autonomy and Genetic Choice - A Companion to Genethics - Clayton - Wiley Online Library

Issues Relating to Gene Selection and Personal Autonomy. *. Individual Autonomy in a Liberal Society ... Clayton, M. (2004) Individual Autonomy and Genetic Choice, in A Companion to Genethics (eds J. Burley and J. Harris), Blackwell ...
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470756423.ch14/summary?globalMessage=0

*  Insulin Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non- ... 31 It is also safe and effective to give patients autonomy to adjust insulin on their own. 32 Typically, insulin is increased ...
aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p183.html

*  Online Debate: Novice Tournament R1: The United States should implement a system of Single Payer health care. | Debate.org

Patients will find a significant boost in personal liberty and autonomy under Single Payer. ... a) it better values autonomy It is important to adopt a system that respects autonomy. Autonomy is often compromised in health ... a) autonomy. In his rebuttal, Pro stated, "Thus, the status quo of HMOs, PPOs, and otherwise private insurance denotes managed ... Furthermore, he assumes that a Single Payer system will maximize autonomy, but this is not the case.. "But this leaves the ...
debate.org/debates/Novice-Tournament-R1-The-United-States-should-implement-a-system-of-Single-Payer-health-care./1/


(1/930) Legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon--the first year's experience.

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: On October 27, 1997, Oregon legalized physician-assisted suicide. We collected data on all terminally ill Oregon residents who received prescriptions for lethal medications under the Oregon Death with Dignity Act and who died in 1998. The data were obtained from physicians' reports, death certificates, and interviews with physicians. We compared persons who took lethal medications prescribed under the act with those who died from similar illnesses but did not receive prescriptions for lethal medications. RESULTS: Information on 23 persons who received prescriptions for lethal medications was reported to the Oregon Health Division; 15 died after taking the lethal medications, 6 died from underlying illnesses, and 2 were alive as of January 1, 1999. The median age of the 15 patients who died after taking lethal medications was 69 years; 8 were male, and all 15 were white. Thirteen of the 15 patients had cancer. The case patients and controls were similar with regard to sex, race, urban or rural residence, level of education, health insurance coverage, and hospice enrollment. No case patients or controls expressed concern about the financial impact of their illness. One case patient and 15 controls expressed concern about inadequate control of pain (P=0.10). The case patients were more likely than the controls to have never married (P=0.04) and were more likely to be concerned about loss of autonomy due to illness (P=0.01) and loss of control of bodily functions (P=0.02). At death, 21 percent of the case patients and 84 percent of the controls were completely disabled (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: During the first year of legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon, the decision to request and use a prescription for lethal medication was associated with concern about loss of autonomy or control of bodily functions, not with fear of intractable pain or concern about financial loss. In addition, we found that the choice of physician-assisted suicide was not associated with level of education or health insurance coverage.  (+info)

(2/930) Assessment of competence to complete advance directives: validation of a patient centred approach.

OBJECTIVE: To develop a patient centred approach for the assessment of competence to complete advance directives ("living wills") of elderly people with cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews. SETTING: Oxfordshire. SUBJECTS: 50 elderly volunteers living in the community, and 50 patients with dementia on first referral from primary care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychometric properties of competence assessment. RESULTS: This patient centred approach for assessing competence to complete advance directives can discriminate between elderly persons living in the community and elderly patients with dementia. The procedure has good interrater (r=0.95) and test-retest (r=0.97) reliability. Validity was examined by relating this approach with a global assessment of competence to complete an advance directive made by two of us (both specialising in old age psychiatry). The data were also used to determine the best threshold score for discriminating between those competent and those incompetent to complete an advance directive. CONCLUSION: A patient centred approach to assess competence to complete advance directives can be reliably and validly used in routine clinical practice.  (+info)

(3/930) Slippery slopes in flat countries--a response.

In response to the paper by Keown and Jochemsen in which the latest empirical data concerning euthanasia and other end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands is discussed, this paper discusses three points. The use of euthanasia in cases in which palliative care was a viable alternative may be taken as proof of a slippery slope. However, it could also be interpreted as an indication of a shift towards more autonomy-based end-of-life decisions. The cases of non-voluntary euthanasia are a serious problem in the Netherlands and they are only rarely justifiable. However, they do not prove the existence of a slippery slope. Persuading the physician to bring euthanasia cases to the knowledge of the authorities is a problem of any euthanasia policy. The Dutch notification procedure has recently been changed to reduce the underreporting of cases. However, many questions remain.  (+info)

(4/930) Relationships between various attitudes towards self-determination in health care with special reference to an advance directive.

OBJECTIVES: The subject of patient self-determination in health care has gained broad interest because of the increasing number of incompetent patients. In an attempt to solve the problems related to doctors' decision making in such circumstances, advance directives have been developed. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between public attitudes towards patient autonomy and advance directives. SUBJECTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A stratified random sample of 600 adults in northern Sweden was surveyed by a questionnaire with a response rate of 78.2%. The subjects were asked about their wish for control of their health care, their concerns about health care, their treatment preferences in a life-threatening situation (both reversible and irreversible), and their attitudes towards the application of advance directives. RESULTS: Numerous relationships between various aspects of self-determination in health care (desire for control, fears of over-treatment, and choice of treatment level) in general and advance directives, in particular, were found. Those who wanted to have a say in their health care (about 94%) also mainly supported the use of an advance directive. CONCLUSIONS: The fact that almost 30% of the respondents were undecided concerning their personal use of advance directives points to a lack of knowledge and to the necessity of education of the public on these issues.  (+info)

(5/930) To tell the truth: disclosing the incentives and limits of managed care.

As managed care becomes more prevalent in the United States, concerns have arisen over the business practices of managed care companies. A particular concern is whether patients should be made aware of the financial incentives and treatment limits of their healthcare plan. At present, managed care organizations are not legally required to make such disclosures. However, such disclosures would be advisable for reasons of ethical fidelity, contractual clarity, and practical prudence. Physicians themselves may also have a fiduciary responsibility to discuss incentives and limits with their patients. Once the decision to disclose has been made, the managed care organization must draft a document that explains, clearly and honestly, limits of care in the plan and physician incentives that might restrict the care a patient receives.  (+info)

(6/930) Health outcomes and managed care: discussing the hidden issues.

Too often the debate over health outcomes and managed care has glossed over a series of complex social, political, and ethical issues. Exciting advances in outcomes research have raised hopes for logical medical reform. However, science alone will not optimize our patients' health, since value judgements are necessary and integral parts of attempts to improve health outcomes within managed care organizations. Therefore, to form healthcare policy that is both fair and efficient, we must examine the fundamental values and ethical concerns that are imbedded in our efforts to shape care. We must openly discuss the hidden issues including: (1) trade-offs between standardization of care and provider-patient autonomy; (2) effects of financial incentives on physicians' professionalism; (3) opportunity costs inherent in the design of insurance plans; (4) responsibilities of managed care plans for the health of the public; (5) judicious and valid uses of data systems; and (6) the politics of uncertainty.  (+info)

(7/930) Should we clone human beings? Cloning as a source of tissue for transplantation.

The most publicly justifiable application of human cloning, if there is one at all, is to provide self-compatible cells or tissues for medical use, especially transplantation. Some have argued that this raises no new ethical issues above those raised by any form of embryo experimentation. I argue that this research is less morally problematic than other embryo research. Indeed, it is not merely morally permissible but morally required that we employ cloning to produce embryos or fetuses for the sake of providing cells, tissues or even organs for therapy, followed by abortion of the embryo or fetus.  (+info)

(8/930) Persons and their copies.

Is cloning human beings morally wrong? The basis for the one serious objection to cloning is that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. I sketch a fragment of moral theory to make sense of the objection. I then outline several ways in which it might be claimed that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. In particular, I look at various ideas connected with autonomy. I conclude that there is no basis to the claim that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. I therefore reject the claim that cloning human beings is morally wrong.  (+info)



protects


  • Informed consent is the fundamental ethical and legal doctrine that protects the patient's rights of personal autonomy and bodily self- determination. (georgetown.edu)
  • The court's preference for a case-by-case approach to the right of privacy in as much as it protects personal autonomy, combined with ever-changing public opinion on the status of various relationships and activities, makes a succinct statement about the boundaries of the right of privacy nearly impossible. (cornell.edu)