Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Foramen Ovale, Patent: A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.Heart Septal Defects, Atrial: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Embolism, Paradoxical: Blockage of an artery due to passage of a clot (THROMBUS) from a systemic vein to a systemic artery without its passing through the lung which acts as a filter to remove blood clots from entering the arterial circulation. Paradoxical embolism occurs when there is a defect that allows a clot to cross directly from the right to the left side of the heart as in the cases of ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECTS or open FORAMEN OVALE. Once in the arterial circulation, a clot can travel to the brain, block an artery, and cause a STROKE.Septal Occluder Device: A CATHETER-delivered implant used for closing abnormal holes in the cardiovascular system, especially HEART SEPTAL DEFECTS; or passageways intentionally made during cardiovascular surgical procedures.PatentsVascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Echocardiography, Transesophageal: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Review Literature as Topic: Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Urachus: An embryonic structure originating from the ALLANTOIS. It is a canal connecting the fetal URINARY BLADDER and the UMBILICUS. It is normally converted into a fibrous cord postnatally. When the canal fails to be filled and remains open (patent urachus), urine leaks through the umbilicus.Balloon Occlusion: Use of a balloon CATHETER to block the flow of blood through an artery or vein.Ductus Arteriosus: A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Benchmarking: Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Programmed Instruction as Topic: Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Infant, Premature: A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Ligation: Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.Rosaniline Dyes: Compounds that contain the triphenylmethane aniline structure found in rosaniline. Many of them have a characteristic magenta color and are used as COLORING AGENTS.Drugs, Generic: Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Cardiac Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart.Heart Aneurysm: A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.Foramen Ovale: An opening in the wall between the right and the left upper chambers (HEART ATRIA) of a fetal heart. Oval foramen normally closes soon after birth; when it fails to close the condition is called PATENT OVAL FORAMEN.Embolism: Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.Herbals as Topic: Works about books, articles or other publications on herbs or plants describing their medicinal value.Infant, Premature, DiseasesPolytetrafluoroethylene: Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.Valsalva Maneuver: Forced expiratory effort against a closed GLOTTIS.Saphenous Vein: The vein which drains the foot and leg.United StatesEndarteritis: Inflammation of the inner endothelial lining (TUNICA INTIMA) of an artery.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Femoral Vein: The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.Bookplates as Topic: Labels pasted in books to mark their ownership and sometimes to indicate their location in a library. Private bookplates are often ornate or artistic: simpler and smaller ones bearing merely the owner's name are called "book labels." They are usually pasted on the front endpaper of books. (From Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary and Reference Book, 4th rev ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Broadsides as Topic: Published pieces of paper or other material, usually printed on one side and intended to be read unfolded and usually intended to be posted, publicly distributed, or sold. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)Intracranial Embolism: Blocking of a blood vessel in the SKULL by an EMBOLUS which can be a blood clot (THROMBUS) or other undissolved material in the blood stream. Most emboli are of cardiac origin and are associated with HEART DISEASES. Other non-cardiac sources of emboli are usually associated with VASCULAR DISEASES.Heart Septal Defects: Abnormalities in any part of the HEART SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communication between the left and the right chambers of the heart. The abnormal blood flow inside the heart may be caused by defects in the ATRIAL SEPTUM, the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM, or both.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Echocardiography, Doppler, Color: Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image.Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals: BIOLOGIC PRODUCTS that are imitations but not exact replicas of innovator products.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Vena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Urachal Cyst: Cyst occurring in a persistent portion of the urachus, presenting as an extraperitoneal mass in the umbilical region. It is characterized by abdominal pain, and fever if infected. It may rupture, leading to peritonitis, or it may drain through the umbilicus.Testicular Hydrocele: Accumulation of serous fluid between the layers of membrane (tunica vaginalis) covering the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Popliteal Artery: The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical: Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Migraine with Aura: A subtype of migraine disorder, characterized by recurrent attacks of reversible neurological symptoms (aura) that precede or accompany the headache. Aura may include a combination of sensory disturbances, such as blurred VISION; HALLUCINATIONS; VERTIGO; NUMBNESS; and difficulty in concentrating and speaking. Aura is usually followed by features of the COMMON MIGRAINE, such as PHOTOPHOBIA; PHONOPHOBIA; and NAUSEA. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Webcasts as Topic: Transmission of live or pre-recorded audio or video content via connection or download from the INTERNET.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Mammary Arteries: Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Meta-Analysis as Topic: A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Indomethacin: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase necessary for the formation of prostaglandins and other autacoids. It also inhibits the motility of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.Lawyers: Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Polyethylene Terephthalates: Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Heart Septum: This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.Tibial Arteries: The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.Dehumanization: The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.Empirical Research: The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.Thrombosis: Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Heart Murmurs: Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Radiography, Interventional: Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)

*  Topic: patent articles on Engadget

Amazon patent reveals its drone-deploying flying warehouse plan Amazon apparently wants to deploy delivery drones from flying ... A recently published patent shows the company has at least considered it. ... A three-judge panel unanimously agreed to throw out a two-year-old iTunes patent ruling. ... IBM somehow got a patent for an Out-Of-Office email system ... Snap buys key patent to secure the future of its geofilters By ...
https://engadget.com/tag/patent/page/3/

*  Topic: patent+applications articles on Engadget

IBM may be the king of patents, and Apple's patent applications grace these pages rather frequently... ... Apple's carrier ranking patent application hints at global iPhone Apple may be hard at work creating the one phone to rule them ... Apple patents workflow sharing using NFC, because it's never too late Two things that are guaranteed to mess with your brain: ... Cher Wang: HTC will grab as many patents as it can HTC co-founder and chair Cher Wang has said that her company plans to ...
https://engadget.com/tag/patent applications/

*  Topic: patent+battle articles on Engadget

Microsoft moves logistics center out of Germany, blames Motorola patent battle It may be a mere thorn in the foot of a giant ...
https://engadget.com/tag/patent battle/

*  Topic: patent+deal articles on Engadget

Rovi lands Google Fiber patent license deal, keeps program guides flowing Rovi considers itself the master of TV program guides ... Facebook paying Microsoft $550 million for 650 patents, Ballmer clicks 'like' Microsoft has agreed to sell on around 650 ... Would it be ironic if Android developers did an end-run around Microsoft patents by using Microsof... ...
https://engadget.com/tag/patent deal/

*  Patents Course Topic

Posted in Commercialization, Feature Post, IP Course Topic, Patents, Patents Course Topic, Technology Comments: 0 ... Music Course Topic, Patents, Patents Course Topic, Trademarks Comments: 0 ... Posted in Feature Post, IP, Jurisdiction, Patentability, Patents, Patents Course Topic Comments 2 ... About a year ago, Thomson-Reuters released their second report on the nation's patent prowess, suggesting that China's patent ...
iposgoode.ca/category/patents-course-topic/

*  Topic: OLED+Patent articles on Engadget

Samsung and LG decide to settle OLED patent dispute behind closed doors ...
https://engadget.com/tag/OLED Patent/

*  Topic: invalidated+patent articles on Engadget

European Patent Office invalidates IPCom 3G patent, gives good news to Nokia and HTC ...
https://engadget.com/tag/invalidated patent/

*  Topic: rubber+banding+patent articles on Engadget

Apple wins injunction against Motorola in Germany over 'rubber-banding' patent Hope and pray all you want, but the patent wars ...
https://engadget.com/tag/rubber banding patent/

*  Core77.com • View topic - Rounded cube patent dispute (Polaroid vs GoPro)

Design patents, unlike utility patents, do have classes. So while a cube may have been patented for D2 (Apparel and ... Seems like usual patent trolling - because there are many subtle differences such as the radii in only one direction on the ... Re: Rounded cube patent dispute (Polaroid vs GoPro). by Dan Lewis » November 4th, 2015, 3:43 pm ... Re: Rounded cube patent dispute (Polaroid vs GoPro). by Cyberdemon » November 4th, 2015, 1:20 pm ...
boards.core77.com/viewtopic.php?f=33&t=33010

*  CyberAngler • View topic - Abingdon Resident Recently Received Lure Patent

I pursued the patent with the attorneys until we achieved the issue. A utility patent covers the design as well as the use of ... My husband Stephen, who is a mechanical engineer, did all of the drawings for the U.S. patent,' Lowe said. 'That saved us a lot ... In fact, Moore just received a United States utility patent on a spinner bait. The name of Moore's lure is Doublewired. 'I've ... Abingdon Resident Recently Received Lure Patent. Post and discuss general fishing news and press releases from fishing related ...
cyberangler.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=27&t=3095

*  Linux Format forums • View topic - At Last a little patent sanity.....

At Last a little patent sanity...... by wyliecoyoteuk » Wed Jul 11, 2012 8:44 am ... At Last a little patent sanity...... Discussion topics, Linux related - not requests for help. ... Red face for apple as UK court rules slide to unlock patent invalid ...
https://linuxformat.com/forums/viewtopic.php?p=106880

*  Debate Topic: R: Public health concerns justify government violation of pharmaceutical patents. | Debate.org

Public health concerns justify government violation of pharmaceutical patents. ... Eventually, patents expire and then we all get cheap generic drugs. Everyone wins in the end.. If you eliminate the patent/ ... Pharmaceutical patent- a patent granted by the government referring to either pharmaceutical drugs or the related medical ... Government violation of pharmaceutical patents- government action whereby patents are infringed upon or revoked. My value is ...
debate.org/debates/R-Public-health-concerns-justify-government-violation-of-pharmaceutical-patents./1/

*  Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wayback Machine

United States Patent and Trademark Office documents contributed by Think Computer Foundation.. Topic: U.S Patent. ...
https://archive.org/

*  School Learning Objects - The University of Nottingham

Patents. This resource examines the topic of patents, of particular relevance to medicine and pharmacology. A patent is a legal ... This learning resource 'Dying in Hospital' addresses the topic of the hospital as a place of death for frail older people and ... This learning resource 'Every death is Different' addresses the topic of the hospital as a place of death for frail older ... title that provides an inventor exclusive property rights to their invention for the length of the patent period.. Healthcare ( ...
nottingham.ac.uk/helm/resources/learning-objects/rlo-school.aspx

*  Director's Forum: A Blog from USPTO's Leadership

U.S. Patent. In 2016, the USPTO convened two roundtables and issued a request for public comments on the topic of patent ... As a Primary Patent Examiner at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), I am responsible for delivering high quality and ... Through the Patent Pro Bono Program and the hard work of patent pro bono practitioners, we look forward to assisting even more ... Regional patent pro bono programs not only support local inventors, but are also a way for patent practitioners to give back to ...
https://uspto.gov/blog/

*  Ideas Are Easy... Execution Is Difficult | Techdirt

Here's a though, why don't you read through some patents on a topic you do understand and see what you think about the reduce ... Bad patents (obvious or overly broad patents or both). Patent trolls who take advantage of bad patents. Patent thicket (when ... The correlation with patents is what struck me. Patents make a lot more sense *if all you have is the idea*. If you have the ... A patent is not just some random idea, as seems to be portrayed here in Mikebob land. Patents are supposed to be novel & non ...
https://techdirt.com/articles/20080514/0336421112.shtml

*  RNA Silences Mutant Genes - CBS News

They're publishing papers, filing for patents and organizing scientific conferences dedicated solely to the topic. Even ...
https://cbsnews.com/news/rna-silences-mutant-genes/

*  Topic: design%20patent articles on Engadget

Apple snags broader design patent for the MacBook Air's wedge shape It's not the first design patent related to the MacBook Air ... Apple granted new patent for original iPad design We already know what some of you are thinking, but that doesn't change the ... Apple awarded glass-on-metal trackpad design patent The next time you sit down at an aluminum unibody MacBook and glide your ... Microsoft licensed design patents at issue in Apple v. Samsung, Surface lovers breathe sigh of relief ...
https://engadget.com/tag/design patent/

*  Inventing a Better Patent System - The New York Times

Congress should add five amendments to existing statutes that would improve patent processing, reduce lawsuits and speed up the ... GARY LOCKE, the secretary of commerce, has urged Congress to overhaul the nation's patent law by the end of the year. Although ... One root of the problem is that patent examiners, many of whom are young or lack practical experience, are not qualified to ... Third, under today's system, interested parties can challenge a patent after it is granted in two ways: in court or in an ...
nytimes.com/2009/11/17/opinion/17pozen.html?_r=0

*  Topic: slim+ps3 articles on Engadget

Sony patents new Cell-based PS2 emulator At first glance, we thought this all sounded a little too familiar: as you know, some ...
https://engadget.com/tag/slim ps3/

*  Topic: THX articles on Engadget

THX sues Apple over speaker patent Audio titan THX has filed a lawsuit against Apple, claiming that Cook and Co. infringed a ... Apple, THX work to resolve patent lawsuit This past March audio pioneers THX sued Apple in California's federal court for ...
https://engadget.com/tag/THX/?ncid=rss_semi

*  Topic: Everything+is+a+Remix articles on Engadget

Everything is a Remix' examines software patents In case you haven't seen it yet, the fourth episode of Kirby Ferguson's ' ...
https://engadget.com/tag/Everything is a Remix/

*  BioSolar Files National Phase Patents for Its Technology | AltEnergyMag

Joint Patent Application With University of California, Santa Barbara, Protects the Innovative Technology That Also Provides ... Off Topic. Home Technology. *How to Watch Netfix in Surround Sound. *Life of Luxury or Potential Security Hack?: The Truth ... BioSolar previously filed an international patent application under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) for the technology that ... This patent ensures that we not only protect our intellectual property, but that we control future licensing efforts that may ...
altenergymag.com/news/2016/02/23/biosolar-files-national-phase-patents-for-its-technology/22917/

*  Topic Index | Solid State Technology

Soitec announces end of patent lawsuit with SiGen. Wed, 3 Mar 2017 Soitec and Silicon Genesis Corporation (SiGen) have ... Soitec announces with withdrawal of Silicon Genesis' patent lawsuit. Mon, 5 May 2016 Silicon Genesis Corporation (SiGen) filed ... FemtoMetrix, a developer of non-destructive optical inspection systems, announced today that it has entered into a patent and ...
electroiq.com/topics/?slug=materials-2

*  Patent foramen ovale

... (PFO) is a congenital cardiac lesion that frequently persists into adulthood. Although most patients with ... This topic last updated: Jun 02, 2016. The content on the UpToDate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for ... Effect of medical treatment in stroke patients with patent foramen ovale: patent foramen ovale in Cryptogenic Stroke Study. ... Patent foramen ovale (PFO) was found in 25 to 30 percent of individuals in an autopsy study and in a community-based ...
https://uptodate.com/contents/patent-foramen-ovale

Indian trademark law: Indian trademark law statutorily protects trademarks as per the Trademark Act, 1999 and also under the common law remedy of passing off. Statutory protection of trademark is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, a government agency which reports to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.Atrial septal defectUnited States–Thailand Free Trade Agreement: President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra announced the intention to negotiate a US-Thailand free trade agreement on October 19, 2003 during President Bush's state visit to Thailand on the event of the APEC Leaders' meeting in Bangkok.Pinhole occluder: A pinhole occluder is an opaque disk with one or more small holes through it, used by ophthalmologists, orthoptists and optometrists to test visual acuity. The occluder is a simple way to focus light, as in a pinhole camera, temporarily removing the effects of refractive errors such as myopia.SCA Group: SCA Group (Social Care in Action) is a social enterprise health and social care organisation based in Southampton, Hampshire, England. It operates across the south coast of England.Transesophageal echocardiogramPharmaceutical manufacturing: Drug manufacturing is the process of industrial-scale synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs by pharmaceutical companies. The process of drug manufacturing can be broken down into a series of unit operations, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and others.British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease: The British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers six times a year in the field of Cardiovascular medicine. The journal's editors are Clifford J Bailey (Aston University), Ian Campbell (Victoria Hospital) and Christoph Schindler (Dresden University of Technology).International Congress on Sleep ApneaThe Oxford Textbook of Medicine: The Oxford Textbook of Medicine Warrell DA, Cox TM, Firth JD. (2010).Biotechnology Industry Organization: The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) is the largest trade organization to serve and represent the biotechnology industry in the United States and around the world.Anna Edney, "Biosciences Defy U.Allantois: Allantois (; plural allantoides or allantoises) is a sac-like structure that forms part of a developing amniote's conceptus (which consists of all embryonic and extra-embryonic tissues). It helps the embryo exchange gases and handle liquid waste.Ductus venosus: In the fetus, the ductus venosus (Arantius' duct after Julius Caesar Aranzihttp://www.whonamedit.AIP Conference Proceedings: AIP Conference Proceedings is a serial published by the American Institute of Physics since 1970. It publishes the proceedings from various conferences of physics societies.Rotational angiography: Rotational angiography is a medical imaging technique based on x-ray, that allows to acquire CT-like 3D volumes during hybrid surgery or during a catheter intervention using a fixed C-Arm. The fixed C-Arm thereby rotates around the patient and acquires a series of x-ray images that are then reconstructed through software algorithms into a 3D image.Bestbets: BestBETS (Best Evidence Topic Reports) is a system designed by emergency physicians at Manchester Royal Infirmary, UK. It was conceived as a way of allowing busy clinicians to solve real clinical problems using published evidence.International Committee on Aeronautical Fatigue and Structural IntegrityAndrew Dickson WhiteTemporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingFuchsineCopayment: A copayment or copay is a fixed payment for a covered service, paid when an individual receives service. In the United States, copayment is a payment defined in an insurance policy and paid by an insured person each time a medical service is accessed.AortographyPsychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Hybrid cardiac surgery: A hybrid cardiac surgical procedure in a narrow sense is defined as a procedure that combines a conventional surgical part (including a skin incision) with an interventional part, using some sort of catheter-based procedure guided by fluoroscopy (or other, e.g.Ventricular aneurysm: Ventricular aneurysms are one of the many complications that may occur after a heart attack (myocardial infarction). They usually arise from a patch of weakened tissue in a ventricular wall, which swells into a bubble filled with blood.Arterial embolismIbuprofenPolytetrafluoroethyleneAntonio Maria ValsalvaGiacomini vein: The Giacomini vein is a communicant vein between the great saphenous vein (GSV) and the small saphenous vein (SSV). It is named after the Italian anatomist Carlo Giacomini (1840-1898).List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Obliterating endarteritis: Obliterating endarteritis also called "obliterating arteritis" is severe proliferating endarteritis (inflammation of the intima or inner lining of an artery)http://www.merriam-webster.National Clinical Guideline CentreSystematic Protein Investigative Research EnvironmentFemoral vein: In the human body, the femoral vein is a blood vessel that accompanies the femoral artery in the femoral sheath. It begins at the adductor canal (also known as Hunter's canal) and is a continuation of the popliteal vein.HMS Australia (1886): HMS Australia was one of seven armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the mid-1880s. She was assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet in 1889 and remained there until 1893 when she returned home.A Mess of Blues: "A Mess Of Blues" is a song written by Doc Pomus and Mort Shuman that was originally recorded by Elvis Presley for RCA Records in 1960, reaching number 32 in the US charts and number 2 in the UK charts.Atrioventricular septal defectMulti-link suspension: __NOTOC__Vena contracta: frame|right|Vena contractaReditux: Reditux is the trade name of a non-comparable biologic (NCB) version of rituximab, an anti-CD20 antibody used in the treatment of certain lymphomas, leukaemias and rheumatoid arthritis.Online patient education: Online Patient Education also known as Online Patient Engagement is a method of providing medical information and education to patients using Learning Management Systems delivered through the Internet.Evaluation of bariatric Centers of Excellence Web sites for functionality and efficacy.Community-based clinical trial: Community-based clinical trials are clinical trials conducted directly through doctors and clinics rather than academic research facilities. They are designed to be administered through primary care physicians, community health centers and local outpatient facilities.List of kanji by stroke count: This Kanji index method groups together the kanji that are written with the same number of strokes. Currently, there are 2,186 individual kanji listed.Aortocaval compression syndrome: Aortocaval compression syndrome is compression of the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava by the gravid uterus when a pregnant woman lies on her back, i.e.Urachal cystHydrocele: A hydrocele (Br English: hydrocoele) denotes a pathological accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity.Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome: The popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a rather uncommon pathology, which results into claudication and chronic leg ischemia. The popliteal artery may be compressed behind the knee, due to congenital deformity of the muscles or tendon insertions of the popliteal fossa.Abdominal aura: Abdominal aura (also known as visceral aura and epigastric aura) is used to denote a type of somatosensory or somaesthetic aura that typically manifests itself as a rising epigastric sensation. The term is indebted to the Latin words abdomen (belly) and aura (wind, smell).Superficial vein: Superficial vein is a vein that is close to the surface of the body. This differs from deep veins that are far from the surface.List of podcasting companies: This is a list of notable podcast production and distribution companies. This includes both audio and video podcasts.Revision using distal inflow: Revision Using Distal Inflow (RUDI) is a surgical treatment for Dialysis-associated Steal Syndrome.List of companies listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange: The Oslo Stock Exchange (Norwegian: Oslo Børs) serves as the main market for trading in the shares of Norwegian companies. It opens at 9:00am and closes 4:30pm local time (CET).Dense artery sign: In medicine, the dense artery sign or hyperdense artery sign is a radiologic sign seen on computer tomography (CT) scans suggestive of early ischemic stroke. In earlier studies of medical imaging in patients with strokes, it was the earliest sign of ischemic stroke in a significant minority of cases.Esther InglisBeta encoder: A beta encoder is an analog to digital conversion (A/D) system in which a real number in the unit interval is represented by a finite representation of a sequence in base beta, with beta being a real number between 1 and 2. Beta encoders are an alternative to traditional approaches to pulse code modulation.Lawyer Lawyer

(1/276) Disease gene patents: overcoming unethical constraints on clinical laboratory medicine.

The rapidly growing number of disease gene patents--patents that claim all methods for diagnosis of a particular genetic condition--threatens the ability of physicians to provide medical care to their patients. In the past, patented diagnostic tests were made broadly available to the medical community in the form of test kits or licenses to use the patented test. Disease gene tests, however, are being monopolized by a small number of providers. Monopolization of medical testing services: (a) threatens to restrict research activities; (b) creates unacceptable conflicts of interest; (c) may reduce patient access to testing; (d) may lead to inequitable extensions of patent terms on tests and related discoveries; and (e) grants to patent holders the ability to dictate the standard of care for testing, and to otherwise interfere with the practice of medicine. Because of the risks raised by monopolization, amendment of the patent law to require compulsory licensing of physicians providing medical services is recommended.  (+info)

(2/276) Essential drugs in the new international economic environment.

Recent global developments in the regulation of trade and intellectual property rights threaten to hinder the access of populations in developing countries to essential drugs. The authors argue for state intervention in the health and pharmaceutical markets in order to guarantee equitable access to these products.  (+info)

(3/276) The future of molecular genetic testing.

The potential applications for genetic testing are immense, with most diseases having some aspect influenced by, if not directly caused by, changes in the genome of the patient. The translation of genetic information into medical applications will be influenced by our understanding of the human genome, technological advances, and social, ethical, and legal issues surrounding genetic testing. With time, new genetic information will be translated into clinical tests for the diagnosis of current illness and prediction of future disease risk, and will be used for the development of genetically directed therapies and preventive interventions. Most genetic testing will be highly automated, with only rare genetic disease tests performed manually. The challenge for the clinical genetic laboratory is to keep pace with this information explosion to provide state-of-the-art genetic testing and to ensure that the genetic test results are used in a morally, ethically, and socially responsible way.  (+info)

(4/276) Pharmaceutical policies in Canada: another example of federal-provincial discord.

Pharmaceutical policy in Canada is set at both the federal and provincial levels of government. The federal government is responsible for intellectual property rights of manufacturers (patents) and the initial approval and labelling of prescription drugs and for ensuring overall market competitiveness. The provincial government has responsibility and jurisdiction over the funding of all health care services, including pharmaceuticals. Various interactions between the pharmaceutical industry, the federal and provincial governments and consumers have shaped the current landscape for prescription drugs in Canada. One key failing of the system is that the federal government is almost completely insulated from the impact of its policies because, although it regulates drug prices, it does not buy any drugs. In contrast, provincial governments have no jurisdiction over market competitiveness or pricing, yet end up paying for most of the drug expenditures incurred.  (+info)

(5/276) Effect of multiple-source entry on price competition after patent expiration in the pharmaceutical industry.

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of multiple-source drug entry on price competition after patent expiration in the pharmaceutical industry. DATA SOURCES: Originators and their multiple-source drugs selected from the 35 chemical entities whose patents expired from 1984 through 1987. Data were obtained from various primary and secondary sources for the patents' expiration dates, sales volume and units sold, and characteristics of drugs in the sample markets. STUDY DESIGN: The study was designed to determine significant factors using the study model developed under the assumption that the off-patented market is an imperfectly segmented market. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: After patent expiration, the originators' prices continued to increase, while the price of multiple-source drugs decreased significantly over time. By the fourth year after patent expiration, originators' sales had decreased 12 percent in dollars and 30 percent in quantity. Multiple-source drugs increased their sales twofold in dollars and threefold in quantity, and possessed about one-fourth (in dollars) and half (in quantity) of the total market three years after entry. CONCLUSION: After patent expiration, multiple-source drugs compete largely with other multiple-source drugs in the price-sensitive sector, but indirectly with the originator in the price-insensitive sector. Originators have first-mover advantages, and therefore have a market that is less price sensitive after multiple-source drugs enter. On the other hand, multiple-source drugs target the price-sensitive sector, using their lower-priced drugs. This trend may indicate that the off-patented market is imperfectly segmented between the price-sensitive and insensitive sector. Consumers as a whole can gain from the entry of multiple-source drugs because the average price of the market continually declines after patent expiration.  (+info)

(6/276) Pending resolution: the question of who owns DNA.

With the emergence of the Human Genome Project and its private counterparts, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has begun receiving applications for the patenting of genes and genetic sequences. Earlier patent decisions regarding similar scientific advances limited patents to organisms "made by the hand of man," which would seem to remove discovered genes from patent protection. But many applicants have been successful in attaining patents for genes based on their ability to demonstrate the ultimate utility of the gene, for instance in medicine. One controversy regarding genomic patenting, however, is that patents apparently have been granted for mere gene fragments devoid of much demonstrable utility. Furthermore, critics fear that gene patenting will retard research by squelching scientists' ability to share findings freely.  (+info)

(7/276) Patenting human genetic material: refocusing the debate.

The biotechnology industry has become firmly established over the past twenty years and gene patents have played an important part in this phenomenon. However, concerns have been raised over the patentability of human genetic material, through public protests and international statements, but to little effect. Here we discuss some of these concerns, the patent authorities' response to them, and ways in which to address these issues and to move the debate forward using current legal structures.  (+info)

(8/276) Patent protection of pharmaceuticals.

Patenting of biologically active compounds by academic institutions is discussed, with emphasis on patents for already known compounds.  (+info)



nation's patent


  • GARY LOCKE, the secretary of commerce, has urged Congress to overhaul the nation's patent law by the end of the year. (nytimes.com)

Apple's


  • We've had a glimpse at Apple's conception of a sensor-based keyless layout, and the latest patent. (engadget.com)
  • IBM may be the king of patents, and Apple's patent applications grace these pages rather frequently. (engadget.com)
  • A German court has ruled that Motorola's Xoom tablet does not infringe on Apple's patents, says. (engadget.com)

Android


  • Would it be ironic if Android developers did an end-run around Microsoft patents by using Microsof. (engadget.com)

lawsuits


  • The best way forward is for Congress to sidestep the damages question and instead add five amendments to existing statutes that would improve the processing of patents, reduce lawsuits and speed up the arrival of innovations on the market. (nytimes.com)

innovation


  • That's part of the reason why patents are so often harmful to innovation. (techdirt.com)
  • In most foreign countries, inventors with trade secrets are protected from infringement suits if they have been using the secret innovation for some time, another firm independently develops a similar innovation and obtains a patent for it. (nytimes.com)

Innovators


  • Innovators in biomedical industries tend to see patent protection as critically important as a way to prohibit competitors from appropriating the results of a company's research and development efforts. (debate.org)
  • Innovators may choose the trade secret route over the patent application for many reasons - for instance, they may not have the time or money to pursue a patent. (nytimes.com)

pursue


  • In a system where their patents are absolutely protected, pharmaceutical companies would naturally pursue those lines are research which are most lucrative, which they can make the most money off of. (debate.org)

invalid


  • In the United States, however, oppositions are relatively rare - in large part because if the challenger loses the hearing and then tries to challenge the patent in court, she cannot assert that it is invalid on any ground he raised or "could have raised" during the opposition. (nytimes.com)

Snap


  • Yes, it makes renting movies a snap, but was it really a breakthrough deserving patent protection? (nytimes.com)

Apple


  • It's not the first design patent related to the MacBook Air that Apple has received, but the one i. (engadget.com)

application


  • RIM's been busy on the patent application front lately, filing off concepts for anything from smar. (engadget.com)
  • Putting such a thing in a patent application camouflaged by a flood of technobable, does not make it an invention. (techdirt.com)
  • I am convinced the "fix" for our patent mess is that one should have to DEMONSTRATE, to a jury of competent engineers in the relevant field, the idea actually working and show that it actually has the specific properties your patent application says it has. (techdirt.com)

applications


  • Add that to the new, useful, and non-obvious finding and you eliminate 80+% of patent applications before they get past the mail room. (techdirt.com)
  • To help fix this, Congress should pass an amendment allowing experts in the field to submit explanatory or critical comments on patent applications. (nytimes.com)

Comments


  • True, outside comments would likely elicit disagreements from the applicant - but it is better to have this debate first rather than waiting until after patents are granted and taking it to the courts, as we do now. (nytimes.com)

system


  • Third, under today's system, interested parties can challenge a patent after it is granted in two ways: in court or in an administrative proceeding called an opposition. (nytimes.com)

Access


  • Pharmaceutical patent violations by government lower the prices and maximize life by allowing greater access. (debate.org)
  • However, although that company may have no present use for the technology, it still sets up patent thickets on it so that other companies cannot access the technology. (debate.org)

Technology


  • The express purpose of such patent thickets is to prevent technology from being accessed and used to develop potentially life-saving drugs by rival companies. (debate.org)
  • Government violation of such patents would open up this technology to be used, maximizing life far more than by allowing it to wither in a scientists imagination. (debate.org)
  • Contention Three: Government pharmaceutical patent violations allow the government to direct R&D towards technology which maximizes life. (debate.org)
  • Patent violation naturally devalues whichever technology it releases. (debate.org)

design


  • Design patents, unlike utility patents, do have classes. (core77.com)
  • For a design patent to hold up, the offender has to pretty much be an exact copy. (core77.com)
  • A utility patent covers the design as well as the use of the lure. (cyberangler.com)

utility


  • In fact, Moore just received a United States utility patent on a spinner bait. (cyberangler.com)

Microsoft


  • Microsoft has agreed to sell on around 650 patents to Facebook in a deal worth $550 million. (engadget.com)

court


  • Seems like usual patent trolling - because there are many subtle differences such as the radii in only one direction on the GoPro, the chamfer details on the window opening, etc - I would expect that it would not hold up in court. (core77.com)

company


  • A recently published patent shows the company has at least considered it. (engadget.com)
  • If one company is the sole owner of a patent, then it has the ability to charge whatever price it wishes. (debate.org)
  • Although a bill has been circulating since 2005, a fierce fight involving the high-tech and drug industries on a technical issue - how to measure damages when a company violates a patent applying to one component of a larger product - has kept it from reaching a vote. (nytimes.com)

makes


  • Contention One: Government violation of pharmaceutical patents makes life-saving drugs more accessible to people. (debate.org)

rather


  • Fourth, Congress should provide limited new immunity to all inventors who choose to protect their innovations as "trade secrets" rather than patents. (nytimes.com)

issue


  • I pursued the patent with the attorneys until we achieved the issue. (cyberangler.com)

Public


  • Debate Topic: R: Public health concerns justify government violation of pharmaceutical patents. (debate.org)

companies


  • It's not quite as big as some previous patent transactions between the two companies, but it look. (engadget.com)

next


  • Then the conversation turns to the drudgery of patent law, forming a barrier to the next person who comes along with the same idea who might actually be able to do something with it. (techdirt.com)

possible


  • So while a cube may have been patented for D2 (Apparel and Haberdashery), it is possible Polaroid got the cube patent for D16 (Photography and Optical Equipment). (core77.com)

students


  • As part of the course requirements, students are asked to write a blog on a topic of their choice. (iposgoode.ca)

Experience


  • One root of the problem is that patent examiners, many of whom are young or lack practical experience, are not qualified to evaluate whether complex claims in biotech or physics meet the most critical tests: whether the claim is novel relative to prior art, and whether this would be obvious to a person skilled in the art. (nytimes.com)