Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Family Conflict: Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Pediatric Nursing: The nursing specialty concerning care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Object Attachment: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.Play Therapy: A treatment technique utilizing play as a medium for expression and communication between patient and therapist.Acting Out: Expressing unconscious emotional conflicts or feelings, often of hostility or love, through overt behavior.Education, Nonprofessional: Education and training outside that for the professions.Nursing Theory: Concepts, definitions, and propositions applied to the study of various phenomena which pertain to nursing and nursing research.Conflict (Psychology): The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood: Mental disorders related to feeding and eating usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood.Juvenile Delinquency: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Adoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Nursing Assessment: Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Intergenerational Relations: The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.Acculturation: Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.Father-Child Relations: Interaction between the father and the child.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Love: Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.Expressed Emotion: Frequency and quality of negative emotions, e.g., anger or hostility, expressed by family members or significant others, that often lead to a high relapse rate, especially in schizophrenic patients. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)Personality Development: Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Proxy: A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Insemination, Artificial, Heterologous: Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman's husband.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Authoritarianism: The personality pattern or syndrome consisting of behavioral and attitudinal characteristics reflecting a preoccupation with the factors of power and authority in interpersonal relationships.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant: Failure to respond to two or more trials of antidepressant monotherapy or failure to respond to four or more trials of different antidepressant therapies. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 9th ed.)Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Family Therapy: A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.Nursing Methodology Research: Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Nuclear Family: A family composed of spouses and their children.Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.Mexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Nurse's Role: The expected function of a member of the nursing profession.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Schools: Educational institutions.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.United StatesPsychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.

*  Buy Essays Online from Successful Essay - relations between parents and children essay -
relations between parents and children essay #relations between parents and children essay *#protest essays ... Home >> Uncategorized >> Relations between parents and children essay. Relations between parents and children essay. Oct/Fri/ ... Relations Parents And Children Essay. The range and research on anorexia, variety of relations between parents personal 3D ... The technology is relations between parents and children capturing the attention of high school cover some the relations and ...
*  Search of: ALL - List Results -
Parent-Child Relations. *Parental Stress. *(and 3 more...). *Other: Videoconferencing. Observational. *Poitiers University ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT03438383. 142/23-05-2011. May 23, 2011. May 22, 2012. May 31, 2012. February 19, 2018. February 19, ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT03438487. V130_11OB. September 1, 2017. August 31, 2020. August 31, 2020. February 19, 2018. February ... Child, Adult, Senior. NCT03438227. 201712110. IVIDA. March 1, 2018. June 30, 2019. August 1, 2019. February 19, 2018. February ...
*  Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between parenting style and adolescent girls' physical activity.
This study describes cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between parenting style and girls' participation in ... Parent-Child Relations. Parenting*. Questionnaires. Residence Characteristics. Socioeconomic Factors. Comments/Corrections. ... Indulgent parents place few demands on the child and are child-oriented, responsive and nurturing, while neglectful parents ... Parenting style Twenty-two items assessed parenting style, for example "I make decisions in consultation with my child", "I am ...
*  grandparent facts, information, pictures | articles about grandparent
Rossi, A. S., and Rossi, P. H. (1990). On Human Bonding:Parent-Child Relations Across the Life Course. New York: Aldine de ... Over the twentieth century, declining numbers of children lived in extended family households (consisting of a child, a parent ... One-parent households do not just result from divorce; single, never-married parents and teen parents also contribute to the ... Johnson, C. L. Ex Familia: Grandparents, Parent, and Children Adjust to Divorce. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press ...
*  Childhood facts, information, pictures | articles about Childhood
pollock, l. a. (1983). forgotten children: parent-child relations from 1500-1900. cambridge, uk: cambridge university press. ... child·hood / ˈchīldˌhoŏd/ • n. the state of being a child. ∎ the period during which a person is a child: [as adj.] a childhood ... Children are also the people most likely to be subject to corporal punishment; many U.S. and U.K. parents hit their children on ... Children can exercise choice over these purchases only if their parents allow them to choose. A child may well receive pocket ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
learning disabilities, parent-child relations, parents, self-concept, stereotyped attitudes, adults, attitudes, families ... learning disabilities, parent-child relations, parents, self-concept, stereotyped attitudes, adults, attitudes, families; ... Family dilemmas and secrets: parents' disclosure of information to their adult offspring with learning disabilities Authors: ... learning disabilities, mothers, self-esteem, stress, surveys, attitudes, children, employment; Link: Journal home page ISSN ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
How Can Parents Help Their Child?; Therapeutic Interventions; and Leaving school, further education, careers and adult life. ... Chapters include: What is dyspraxia?; What causes dyspraxia?; What are children with dyspraxia like?; How are children with ... Chapters include: What is dyspraxia?; What causes dyspraxia?; What are children with dyspraxia like?; How are children with ... How Can Parents Help Their Child?; Therapeutic Interventions; and Leaving school, further education, careers and adult life. ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
parent-child relations 11 * peer groups 11 * psychotherapy 11 * rights 11 * teachers 11 ... Children and Young People Now, 24.7.12, 2012, pp.22-23. Publisher: Haymarket Business Publications Ltd Young people with ... Child: Care, Health and Development, 39(6), 2013, pp.880-886. Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Background: Research suggests Tourette ... Based on a mixed method evaluation design, the pilot study findings show that employing youth with disabilities requires ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
NATIONAL CHILDREN'S BUREAU Publisher: National Children's Bureau Subject terms: learning disabilities, parenting, parents, ... school children 60 * conduct disorders 59 * disabilities 58 * stress 56 * parent-child relations 55 ... learning disabilities, parenting, parents, children; Content type: research Link: Register/Log in to view this resource Search ... Effective support for parents with a learning disability and their children: seminar held at National Children's Bureau, 7 ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
parent-child relations 141 * standards 141 * case studies 139 * child sexual exploitation 137 ... Children's Legal Centre The recommendations made by the Children's Legal Centre to Lord Laming for his review of child ... child protection; ISBN print: 0 582 09281 7 Search again for:. Author: WATTAM Corinne Publisher: Longman Subject terms: child ... child protection; Location(s): England ISSN print: 0265-1459 Search again for:. Author: BASCOMBE Dominic Publisher: Children's ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
parent-child relations 4 * self-concept 4 * sensory impairments 4 * service users 4 ... Children's Legal Centre Subject terms: physical disabilities, play, social exclusion, children, equal opportunities ... Play and opportunity for disabled children Author: - Journal article citation: Childright, 172, December 2000, p.11. Publisher ... physical disabilities, play, social exclusion, children, equal opportunities; ISSN print: 0265-1459 Search again for:. Author: ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
parent-child relations 9 * severe learning disabilities 9 * siblings 9 * social inclusion 9 ... DOWN'S CHILDREN ASSOCIATION Publisher: Down's Children Association Publication year: 1982 Pagination: var.pag.,bibliog.,illus. ... Booklet compiled by parent members of the Down's Syndrome Association, designed to help new parents through the early days ... Booklet compiled by parent members of the Down's Syndrome Association, designed to help new parents through the early days ...
*  Standard Search - Social Care Online
The Alliance for Children and Families Subject terms: parent-child relations, physical disabilities, user views, adults, carers ... parent-child relations, physical disabilities, user views, adults, carers; Content type: research Location(s): Israel Link: ... The Alliance for Children and Families A sample of 167 parents of children with a mental illness or physical disability from ... The Alliance for Children and Families In the present study, the authors examined 82 parents of adult children with physical ...
*  Sibling relations facts, information, pictures | articles about Sibling relations
Make research projects and school reports about Sibling relations easy with credible articles from our FREE, online ... and pictures about Sibling relations at ... In Handbook of Parenting, vol. 1: Children and Parenting, ed. ... Parenting Siblings. In Handbook of Parenting, 2nd ed. Vol. 1: Children and Parenting, ed. Marc H. Bornstein, 165-188. Mahwah, ... rossi, a. s., and rossi, p. h. (1990). of human bonding:parent-child relations across the life course. new york: aldine de ...
*  Rabbit, Run -
And none of the parent-child relations are healthy. What's wrong with us, America? I don't know, and I didn't get a hint from ... even though we know he is unknowingly abandoning yet another mother and child. He returns to his wife, Janice, and reconciles ...
*  Atrocity story - Wikipedia
Severing of the parent-child relation. This grew out of the hostility of families who had been rejected by members of the ...
*  To what extent do parents strive to protect their children from environmental tobacco smoke in the Nordic countries? A...
1985) Relation between parents and children's smoking behaviour and attitudes. J Epidemiol Commun Health 39:169-174. ... Child exposure to ETS was most prevalent in single-parent households and in households in which parents had lower levels of ... Where one or both parents smoked daily, 57% exposed their children to ETS on a weekly basis. Where both parents were reported ... The data show that single parents and parents with lower socioeconomic status expose their children more to ETS (table 3) but ...
*  Preventing conduct problems in Head Start children : Strengthening parenting competencies. | Base documentaire | BDSP
Nine Head Start centers were randomly assigned to either an experimental condition in which parents, teachers, and family ... The effectiveness of a parenting program with 394 Head Start mothers was examined. ... Parent child relation, Social interaction, Mental health, Child, Human, Preschool age, School age, Social behavior disorder ... Mots-cl s BDSP : Pr vention, Relation parent enfant, Relation sociale, Psychopathologie, Enfant, Homme, Enfant 2 5 ans, Enfant ...
*  Department of Family and Consumer Sciences - North Carolina A&T State University
Parent Child Relations Credit 3(3-0). This course is the study of parental interactions in the children's development at home, ... The Child Development and Family Relations concentration is approved by the National Council on Family Relations (NCFR) to ... Child Development and Family Studies (Child Development and Family Relations) - Bachelor of Science (Curriculum Guide). Family ... THE CHILD DEVELOPMENT LABORATORY. The Child Development Laboratory (CDL) is licensed by the North Carolina Division of Child ...
*  5 Years After Major DNS Flaw Found, Few US Companies Have Deployed Long-term Fix - Slashdot
It is oneway trust between direct parent-child relations in the dns tree. ... My kids are into that sort of thing. I have been writing software for over 35 years, so lets just put that to rest, it's ... Would either the parent or GP like to list some sites that were broken with DNSSEC? There are some decent tools to test DNSSEC ... The operational key is what is used to validate child domains, and as such is in use a lot more and so is more exposed. On the ...
*  Human bonding - Wikipedia
Rossi, A. & Rossi, P. (1990). Of Human Bonding: Parent Child Relations Across the Life Course. Chicago: Aldine. ISBN 0-202- ... Father-child bonds also tend to develop with respect to topics such as political views or money, whereas mother-child bonds ... or parents and children. This bond is characterized by emotions such as affection and trust. Any two people who spend time ... created some concern about whether adoptive parents have missed some crucial period for the child's development. However, ...
*  Egocentrism - Wikipedia
Exploration into possible contributions of parent-child relations". Journal of Youth and Adolescent. 11 (1): 25-31. doi:10.1007 ... For example, if someone breaks the child's toy, the child would not forgive the other and the child wouldn't be able to ... Piaget observed that children would talk to themselves during play, and this egocentric speech was merely the child's thoughts ... According to Piaget, "an egocentric child assumes that other people see, hear, and feel exactly the same as the child does."[ ...
*  Betty Steiner - Wikipedia
PMID 4836843 Freund K, Langevin R, Zajac Y, Steiner B, Zajac A (1974). Parent-child relations in transsexual and non- ... In 1985 she edited Gender Dysphoria, and in 1990, she co-edited Clinical management of gender identity disorders in children ... Toronto Star Kirkwood Leone (January 27, 1973). Work described with children having 2 sexes. The Globe and Mail Haworth, Eric ( ... Blanchard R, Steiner BW (eds.) (1990). Clinical management of gender identity disorders in children and adults. American ...
*  Kinship - Wikipedia
1999) No substance, no kinship? Procreation, Performativity and Temanambondro parent/child relations. In Conceiving persons: ... and her children); or extended family in which parents and children co-reside with other members of one parent's family. ... and whose family name the child uses, may not be the genitor or genitrix of the child, with whom a separate parent-child ... Following the divorce and remarriage of their parents, children find themselves using the term "mother" or "father" in relation ...
*  Center for Demography and Ecology UW-Madison
"Parent-child relations and parental satisfaction with living arrangements when adult children live at home." Journal of ... "Later-life parental divorce and widowhood: impact on young adults' assessment of parent-child relations." Journal of Marriage ... Looking Within Families: Does Parent's Contact with an Adult Child Depend on Characteristics of Other Children in the Family? ... Child Support Reform and the Welfare of U.S. Children. NSFH 33. PUBLISHED: Sweet, James A. and Larry L. Bumpass. 1992. "Young ...

Parent structure: In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.Pediatric nursing: 'Pediatrics' comes from the Greek words 'pedia' which means child, 'iatrike' which means treatment and 'ics' which means branch of science. This means Pediatric nursing is the science of child care and scientific treatment of childhood.Down Syndrome CentreHahoe byeolsingut talnori: Hahoe byeolsingut talnori (하회별신굿탈놀이, 河回別神굿탈놀이) or "Hahoe special ritual drama to the gods" is a Korean masked dance-drama performed every three, five, or ten years at the request of the village deity in Hahoe, Andong, North Gyeongsang Province. The village is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the dance-drama an Important Intangible Cultural Property, and a collection of thirteen masks are a National Treasure.Odd Eriksen: 250px|thumb|Odd EriksenMothers TalkFasting, Feasting: Fasting, Feasting is a novel by Indian writer Anita Desai, first published in 1999 in Great Britain by Chatto and Windus. It was shortlisted for the Booker Prize for fiction in 1999.Texas Juvenile Justice Department: The Texas Juvenile Justice Department (TJJD) is a state agency in Texas, headquartered in the Braker H Complex in Austin.David Rees Griffiths: David Rees Griffiths (November 6, 1882 – December 17, 1953), also known by his bardic name of Amanwy, was a Welsh poet, and an older brother of politician Jim Griffiths.Closed adoptionAvoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.Madrasi chess: Madrasi chess is a chess variant invented in 1979 by Abdul Jabbar Karwatkar which uses the conventional rules of chess with the addition that when a piece is attacked by a piece of the same type but opposite colour (for example, a black queen attacking a white queen) it is paralysed and becomes unable to move, capture or give check. Most of the time, two like pieces attack each other mutually, meaning they are both paralysed (en passant pawn captures are an exception to this, since the attack is not mutual.I Love You Love Me Love: "I Love You Love Me Love" was a popular song by Gary Glitter. Written by Gary Glitter and Mike Leander and produced by Mike Leander, "I Love You Love Me Love" was Glitter's second number one single in the UK Singles Chart, spending four weeks at the top of the chart in November 1973, and establishing itself as Britain's best-selling single in 1973.History of communication studies: Various aspects of communication have been the subject of study since ancient times, and the approach eventually developed into the academic discipline known today as communication studies.Interpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Index of sociology articles: This is an index of sociology articles. For a shorter list, see List of basic sociology topics.Language pedagogy: Language education may take place as a general school subject, in a specialized language school, or out of school with a rich selection of proprietary methods online and in books, CDs and DVDs. There are many methods of teaching languages.Stressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Salvador Minuchin: Salvador Minuchin (born 1921) is a family therapist born and raised in San Salvador, Entre Ríos, Argentina. He developed structural family therapy, which addresses problems within a family by charting the relationships between family members, or between subsets of family (Minuchin, 1974).FBI Criminal Investigative Division: The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) is a division within the Criminal, Cyber, Response, and Services Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The CID is the primary component within the FBI responsible for overseeing FBI investigations of traditional crimes such as narcotics trafficking and violent crime.Dog aggression: Dog aggression is a term used by dog owners and breeders to describe canine-to-canine antipathy. Aggression itself is usually defined by canine behaviorists as "the intent to do harm".QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Hyperthymic temperament: Hyperthymic temperament, or hyperthymia, from Greek hyper ("over", meaning here excessive) + θυμός ("spirited"), is a proposed personality type characterized by an excessively positive disposition similar to, but more stable than, the hypomania of bipolar disorder.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.The Otwell Twins: The Otwell Twins are an American singing duo made up of identical twin brothers Roger and David, born August 2, 1956, in Tulia, Texas. They are best known as members of The Lawrence Welk Show from 1977-1982.Inequality within immigrant families in the United States: Inequality within immigrant families refers to instances in which members of the same family have differing access to resources. Much literature focuses on inequality between families, but inequality often exists within families as well.Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.History of psychopathy: Psychopathy, from psych (soul or mind) and pathy (suffering or disease), was coined by German psychiatrists in the 19th century and originally just meant what would today be called mental disorder, the study of which is still known as psychopathology. By the turn of the century 'psychopathic inferiority' referred to the type of mental disorder that might now be termed personality disorder, along with a wide variety of other conditions now otherwise classified.Emotion and memory: Emotion can have a powerful response on humans and animals. Numerous studies have shown that the most vivid autobiographical memories tend to be of emotional events, which are likely to be recalled more often and with more clarity and detail than neutral events.Video tape tracking: In a video tape recorder, tracking is a calibration adjustment which ensures that the spinning playback head is properly aligned with the helical scan signal written onto the tape.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingSt. Vrain Valley School DistrictProfessional DiscDevelopmental Disability (California): In California, Developmental Disabilitymeans a disability that is attributable to mental retardation], [[cerebral palsy, epilepsy, autism, or disabling conditions found to be closely related to mental retardation or to require treatment similar to that required for individuals with mental retardation.Genetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.Silent speech interface: Silent speech interface is a device that allows speech communication without using the sound made when people vocalize their speech sounds. As such it is a type of electronic lip reading.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases: The British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases is a system of diagnostic codes used for pediatrics.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,David Budescu: David Budescu is a psychologist and academic. He is the Anne Anastasi Professor of Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology at Fordham University.Substance-related disorder

(1/2108) Family factors affecting child development.

In a large, geographically defined population of children a number of family factors in addition to social class, determined by the father's occupation, were recorded by health visitors and school nurses with routine responsibility for these children. The quality of the children in normal schools was assessed in terms of nonverbal IQ and height at the ages of 5 and 10 years, and of behavior as reported by the teacher at the age of 10 years. By analysis of variance the sum of the independent effects of the other family factors greatly outweighed that of occupational social class, except in the case of the IQ at 10 years. The most important of the other family factors was the quality of the mother's care of her child during the first 3 years of life.  (+info)

(2/2108) Like mother, like daughter: familial patterns of overweight are mediated by mothers' dietary disinhibition.

BACKGROUND: Obese parents are more likely to have obese children. Parents provide both the genes and eating environment for their children and familial patterns of adiposity are the result of gene-environment interactions. Environmental factors are implicated in the rapid increases in prevalence of childhood overweight that have occurred in the past 2 decades. Examination of aspects of the family environment may provide insight into increases in childhood overweight over time. OBJECTIVE: We examined parental characteristics associated with overweight and eating behaviors in preschool children. DESIGN: Seventy-five preschool children and their parents were recruited from local daycare centers. Information was obtained on parents' body mass indexes (BMIs), dietary restraint, and dietary disinhibition. A behavioral index of disinhibited eating in children was used to measure children's eating when given free access to palatable snack foods in the absence of hunger. Children's weight-for-height values were also calculated. RESULTS: Maternal dietary disinhibition (R2 = 0.35, P < 0.01) and maternal BMI (R2 = 0.19, P < 0.05) positively predicted daughters' overweight. Maternal disinhibition (R2 = 0.35, P < 0.05) mediated the relation between mothers' BMI and daughters' overweight when both maternal disinhibition and maternal BMI were used to predict daughters' overweight. Furthermore, when both mothers' disinhibition and daughters' free access intakes were used to predict daughters' overweight, mothers' disinhibition (P < 0.05) showed independent prediction. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that familial influences on child overweight differ according to parent and child sex. Also, these results suggest that mothers' dietary disinhibition mediates familial similarities in degree of overweight for mothers and daughters.  (+info)

(3/2108) An office-based intervention to maintain parent-adolescent teamwork in diabetes management. Impact on parent involvement, family conflict, and subsequent glycemic control.

OBJECTIVE: To design and evaluate an office-based intervention aimed at maintaining parent-adolescent teamwork in diabetes management tasks without increasing diabetes-related family conflict. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: There were 85 patients (aged 10-15 years, mean 12.6 years) with type 1 diabetes (mean duration 5.5 years; mean HbA1c 8.5%) who were randomly assigned to one of three study groups--teamwork, attention control, and standard care--and followed for 24 months. At each visit, parent involvement in insulin administration and blood glucose monitoring was assessed. The teamwork and attention control interventions were integrated into routine ambulatory visits over the first 12 months (four medical visits). Measures of diabetes-related family conflict were collected at baseline and after 12 months. All patients were followed for an additional 12 months with respect to glycemic control. RESULTS: In the teamwork group, there was no major deterioration (0%) in parent involvement in insulin administration, in contrast to 16% major deterioration in the combined comparison (attention control and standard care) group (P < 0.03). Similarly, no teamwork families showed major deterioration in parent involvement with blood glucose monitoring versus 11% in the comparison group (P < 0.07). On both the Diabetes Family Conflict Scale and the Diabetes Family Behavior Checklist, teamwork families reported significantly less conflict at 12 months. An analysis of HbA1c over the 12- to 24-month follow-up period indicated that more adolescents in the teamwork group (68%) than in the comparison group (47%) improved their HbA1c (P < 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: The data demonstrate that parent involvement in diabetes management tasks can be strengthened through a low-intensity intervention integrated into routine follow-up diabetes care. Moreover, despite increased engagement between teen and parent centered around diabetes tasks, the teamwork families showed decreased diabetes-related family conflict. Within the context of a broader cultural recognition of the protective function of parent involvement in the lives of adolescents, the findings of this study reinforce the potential value of a parent-adolescent partnership in managing chronic disease.  (+info)

(4/2108) Teenage partners' communication about sexual risk and condom use: the importance of parent-teenager discussions.

CONTEXT: Teenagers' communication with their partners about sex and their use of condoms may be influenced by the discussions teenagers have with their parents about sex. However, little is known about the process of parent-teenager communication on this topic. Understanding both what parents discuss with their children and how they discuss it may lead to a greater understanding of teenagers' sexual behavior. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 372 sexually active black and Hispanic youth aged 14-17 from Alabama, New York and Puerto Rico. Regression analyses were used to examine parent-teenager discussions about sexuality and about sexual risk, and parental communication skills as predictors of teenagers' discussions about sexual risk with a partner and teenagers' condom use. RESULTS: Parent-teenager discussions about sexuality and sexual risk were associated with an increased likelihood of teenager-partner discussions about sexual risk and of teenagers' condom use, but only if parents were open, skilled and comfortable in having those discussions. Teenagers' communication with their partner about sexual risk also was associated with greater condom use, but the relationship between parent-teenager communication and teenagers' condom use was independent of this association. CONCLUSIONS: The influence on teenagers of parent-teenager discussions about sexuality and sexual risk depends on both what parents say and how they say it. Programs that foster parent-teenager communication about sexuality and sexual risk must emphasize both of these aspects.  (+info)

(5/2108) Dependence, locus of control, parental bonding, and personality disorders: a study in alcoholics and controls.

Personality traits, socio-cultural factors, and dysfunctional family systems are considered to be important in the aetiology and clinical development of alcoholism. Particularly, conflict and issues involving psychological (emotional) dependence have long been associated with alcohol addiction. The present work, part of a more extensive study to validate a new rating scale to measure emotional dependence, the Dependence Self-rating Scale (DSRS), assesses dependence, orientation of locus of control, parental bonding perceptions, and personality disorders (PDs) in alcoholic and non-alcoholic samples. The alcoholics showed a prevalence of PDs of 31.3%. The most frequent is the Schizoid PD (40%) followed by the Dependent PD (20%). Subjects with antisocial PD were not included in our selection criteria. The alcoholics scored higher on the DSRS than the controls, but this difference was not statistically significant. By making a comparison between subjects with and without PDs, the DSRS scores were significantly higher in alcoholics with PDs. No significant differences between alcoholics and non-alcoholics in the parental perceptions and locus of control were seen. These findings are sufficiently coherent to encourage further studies on psychological emotional dependence in alcoholics using the DSRS.  (+info)

(6/2108) Intellectual outcome at 12 years of age in congenital hypothyroidism.

BACKGROUND: The intellectual outcome in children with congenital hypothyroidism detected by neonatal screening is generally good; however, subtle neurological dysfunctions, subnormal IQ, or both, have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intellectual outcome in 12-year-old patients with congenital hypothyroidism, detected by neonatal screening, in an attempt to identify factors that may affect intellectual development. METHODS: The intelligence quotient (IQ) of 40 children with congenital hypothyroidism was evaluated at 12 years of age, using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children -- Revised, and compared with the IQ of 40 healthy siblings (control group). RESULTS: The mean IQ score (88.4+/-13.1) was not significantly different from that of the control group (93.4+/-10.7). Thirteen patients showed subnormal IQ score (72.4+/-4.9) compared with their siblings (86.7+/-9.6; P<0.0001) and with the other patients (96.1+/-9.6; P<0.0001). The low IQ score was associated with lower serum concentrations of thyroxine at diagnosis, poor treatment compliance during follow-up and lower familial IQ. Interviews with parents of children with congenital hypothyroidism revealed that a refusal to acknowledge the disease was linked to poor attention to the child's emotional life and to poor treatment compliance in some cases (11%). CONCLUSION: Even though the mean IQ score in patients with congenital hypothyroidism falls within normal for the control population, low IQ scores may be present in patients with severe hypothyroidism, inadequate compliance to replacement therapy during follow-up and poor parental pedagogic attitude.  (+info)

(7/2108) Quality of early family relationships and individual differences in the timing of pubertal maturation in girls: a longitudinal test of an evolutionary model.

In an 8-year prospective study of 173 girls and their families, the authors tested predictions from J. Belsky, L. Steinberg, and P. Draper's (1991) evolutionary model of individual differences in pubertal timing. This model suggests that more negative-coercive (or less positive-harmonious) family relationships in early childhood provoke earlier reproductive development in adolescence. Consistent with the model, fathers' presence in the home, more time spent by fathers in child care, greater supportiveness in the parental dyad, more father-daughter affection, and more mother-daughter affection, as assessed prior to kindergarten, each predicted later pubertal timing by daughters in 7th grade. The positive dimension of family relationships, rather than the negative dimension, accounted for these relations. In total, the quality of fathers' investment in the family emerged as the most important feature of the proximal family environment relative to daughters' pubertal timing.  (+info)

(8/2108) Slapping and spanking in childhood and its association with lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders in a general population sample.

BACKGROUND: Little information is available in Canada about the prevalence of and outcomes associated with a history of slapping and spanking in childhood. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of a history of slapping or spanking in a general population sample and to assess the relation between such a history and the lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: In this general population survey, a probability sample of 9953 residents of Ontario aged 15 years and older who participated in the Ontario Health Supplement was used to examine the prevalence of a history of slapping and spanking. A subgroup of this sample (n = 4888), which comprised people aged 15 to 64 years who did not report a history of physical or sexual abuse during childhood, was used to assess the relation between a history of slapping or spanking and the lifetime prevalence of 4 categories of psychiatric disorder. The measures included a self-administered questionnaire with a question about frequency of slapping and spanking during childhood, as well as an interviewer-administered questionnaire to measure psychiatric disorder. RESULTS: The majority of respondents indicated that they had been slapped or spanked, or both, by an adult during childhood "sometimes" (33.4%) or "rarely" (40.9%); 5.5% reported that this occurred "often." The remainder (20.2%) reported "never" experiencing these behaviours. Among the respondents without a history of physical or sexual abuse during childhood, those who reported being slapped or spanked "often" or "sometimes" had significantly higher lifetime rates of anxiety disorders (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.96), alcohol abuse or dependence (adjusted OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.27-3.21) and one or more externalizing problems (adjusted OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.36-3.16), compared with those who reported "never" being slapped or spanked. There was also an association between a history of slapping or spanking and major depression, but it was not statistically significant (adjusted OR 1.64, 95% CI 0.96-2.80). INTERPRETATION: There appears to be a linear association between the frequency of slapping and spanking during childhood and a lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorder, alcohol abuse or dependence and externalizing problems.  (+info)

  • parental
  • For example, parents may object less when a younger son decides to get his ear pierced, or a younger sister decides to have the small of her back tattooed, because an older sibling already weakened parental resistance. (
  • 7 Some studies have shown that the prevalence of parental smoking is much higher among parents/caregivers with lower levels of education 8-15 and among parents who live alone with their children. (
  • While toddlerhood ends around age three when the child becomes less dependent on parental assistance for basic needs, early childhood continues approximately through years seven or eight. (
  • He points to extensive parental care during sickness, and to grief at death, sacrifices by parents to maximize child welfare, and a wide cult of childhood in religious practice. (
  • kinship relations
  • The concept stands in contrast to the earlier anthropological concepts of human kinship relations being fundamentally based on "blood ties", some other form of shared substance, or a proxy for these (as in fictive kinship), and the accompanying notion that people universally understand their social relationships predominantly in these terms. (
  • Human kinship relations through marriage are commonly called "affinity" in contrast to the relationships that arise in one's group of origin, which may be called one's descent group. (
  • Different societies classify kinship relations differently and therefore use different systems of kinship terminology - for example some languages distinguish between affinal and consanguine uncles, whereas others have only one word to refer to both a father and his brothers. (
  • intervention
  • The study was part of a three-year intervention launched simultaneously by the NCU in all the Nordic countries, with the aim of reducing ETS exposure of young children in the home and in day care. (
  • Nine Head Start centers were randomly assigned to either an experimental condition in which parents, teachers, and family service workers participated in the intervention or a control condition in which the regular Head Start program was offered. (
  • Mothers in the intervention group were observed at home to have significantly fewer critical remarks and commands, to use less harsh discipline, and to be more positive and competent in their parenting when compared with control mothers. (
  • Teachers reported that intervention mothers were more involved in their children's education and that their children were more socially competent. (
  • Intervention children were observed to exhibit significantly fewer conduct problems, less noncompliance, less negative affect, and more positive affect than control children. (
  • Over the past 25 years at Cornell, he has conducted empirical research and intervention studies in the area of intergenerational relations. (
  • adulthood
  • Childhood is usually defined in relation to adulthood: the condition of being an immature person, of having not yet become an adult. (
  • While in the United States during adolescence dating usually occurs in groups and in situations such as parties and dances, in emerging adulthood, relationships last longer and often include sexual relations as well as cohabitation. (
  • families
  • Students in Family and Consumer Sciences are prepared to assist families in meeting their quality nutritional needs, understanding human development, developing skills in family and parent education, managing materials and human resources, and acquiring appropriate and affordable living environments. (
  • Historians had assumed that traditional families in the preindustrial era involved the extended family, with grandparent, parents, children and perhaps some other relatives all living together and ruled by an elderly patriarch. (
  • Education in the sense of training was the exclusive function of families for the vast majority of children until the 19th century. (
  • care
  • Also during this stage, a strong emotional bond is created between the child and the care providers. (
  • His research focuses on intergenerational relations in later life, long-term care for frail and disabled older persons, and social engagement and involvement of older persons. (
  • Just as a mother is one who gives life to her children through birth and sustains their life by providing them with loving care, assistance, protection, and sustenance, kinsmen are those who sustain each other's life by helping one another, protecting one another, and by the giving or sharing of food and other items of subsistence. (
  • The Poor Relief Acts in Elizabethan England put responsibility on each Parish to care for all the poor children in the area. (
  • If the patient feels that the parents are too protective or not caring the patient feels that his parents don't care of his independence or trust his judgement. (
  • social
  • Western children are excluded by law and convention from many aspects of adult social life. (
  • Initially when children begin to have social interactions with others, mainly the caregivers, they misinterpret that they are one entity, because they are together for a long duration of time and the caregivers often provide for the children's needs. (
  • The children also start to begin kindergarten at this age to start their social lives. (
  • During the European Renaissance, artistic depictions of children increased dramatically, which did not impact the social attitude to children much, however. (
  • These social ends include the socialization of children and the formation of basic economic, political and religious groups. (
  • In England in the Elizabethan era, the transmission of social norms was a family matter and children were taught the basic etiquette of proper manners and respecting others. (
  • family
  • Siblings compete for resources within the family, and if resources (such as affection, time, attention from parents, space, or material goods) are scarce, children watch closely to ensure that they are getting their fair share (Ihinger 1975). (
  • By comparing the shared and nonshared family experiences of siblings, it can be seen that differential treatment and expressions of affection and interest by parents and other kin, perceptions of this differential treatment by siblings, and the effects of peer groups and school experiences coalesce to create a separate "life" for each child growing up in the same family. (
  • During the early period of capitalism, the rise of a large, commercial middle class, mainly in the Protestant countries of the Dutch Republic and England, brought about a new family ideology centred around the upbringing of children. (
  • In the extended family group however, the rank of a child was determined by the rank of their father within his family of origin. (
  • So, for example, if the father was the first born son in his family group that would mean that his children would hold a higher rank than any of the other children born of his siblings. (
  • Family relations can be represented concretely (mother, brother, grandfather) or abstractly by degrees of relationship (kinship distance). (
  • or extended family in which parents and children co-reside with other members of one parent's family. (
  • However, the typical pattern in Western Europe was the much simpler nuclear family of husband, wife and their children (and perhaps a servant, who might well be a relative). (
  • Most survey respondents said that family life should emphasize parent-child ties over husband-wife relations. (
  • Nearly 80% of respondents in a 1986 government survey believed that the ancestral home and family grave should be carefully kept and handed on to one's children. (
  • childhood
  • Gradually, however, children as a whole were excluded from the adult world of work and the period of dependent childhood lengthened. (
  • The concept of childhood emerged during the 17th and 18th centuries, particularly through the educational theories of the philosopher John Locke and the growth of books for and about children. (
  • citation needed] A global consensus on the terms of childhood is the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). (
  • Childhood expectancy indicates the time span, which a child has to experience childhood. (
  • Eight life events ending childhood have been described as death, extreme malnourishment, extreme violence, conflict forcing displacement, children being out of school, child labor, children having children and child marriage. (
  • Early childhood follows the infancy stage and begins with toddlerhood when the child begins speaking or taking steps independently. (
  • According to the National Association for the Education of Young Children, early childhood spans the human life from birth to age eight. (
  • siblings
  • Coalitions foster sibling solidarity, counter the power of parents or other sibling subgroups, and develop to strengthen siblings' positions in times of conflict. (
  • Critical parents influence the patient's siblings to be the same way. (
  • Adult
  • Within any one country there may be various markers of adult status, so that one ceases to be a child for some purposes while remaining one for others. (
  • younger
  • Little is known about the extent of passive smoking among younger children with the exception of some regional studies among schoolchildren. (
  • Aviel's older brother, Avi, is a low-ranking police officer who still lives with his parents, while the younger twenty-something Eviatar dreams of a career in Oriental music and occasionally engages in petty crime for the local mafia boss, Ciao. (
  • behaviors
  • The main concept infants and young children learn by beginning to show egocentrism is the fact that their thoughts, values, and behaviors are different from those of others, also known as the theory of mind. (
  • Terms
  • In Joycean terms, an epiphany is a momentwhen the essence of a character is relations and children essay , revealed , when all the forces thatbear on cartoon essay , his life converge, and we can, in that instant, understand him.Each story in the collection is centered in an epiphany, and eachstory is concerned with some failure or deception, which results in re-alization and disillusionment. (
  • duration
  • and, employment, authoritarian parenting and duration and frequency of organized sport (p=0.004), highlighting the complexity of these relationships. (
  • Hence, with all human romantic relationships, one of three varieties of bonds may form, defined over a set duration of time, in relation to the experience or non-experience of limerence: Affectional bond: define relationships in which neither partner is limerent. (
  • inheritance
  • Detailed anthropological and sociological studies have been made about customs of patrilineal inheritance, where only male children can inherit. (
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] Jean Jacques Rousseau formulated the romantic attitude towards children in his famous 1762 novel Emile: or, On Education. (
  • From the late 1960s, most marriages in Japan have been based on the mutual attraction of the couple and not the arrangement by the parents (お見合い, omiai)[citation needed]. (
  • Subject
  • Combined with his personal story, he sought to address the larger subject of ethnic relations within Israeli society, which he believed should be tackled from a fresh, unbiased and unbitter angle by young Middle Eastern-descended (Mizrahim) artists. (
  • possess
  • According to Piaget, one of the main obstacles to logic that children possess includes centration, "the tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation to the exclusion of others. (
  • It became widely recognized that children possess rights on their own behalf. (
  • grandparents
  • Of children born in 1900, only one in four had all four grandparents alive, and by the time they reached fifteen years, only one in fifty still had all four grandparents alive. (
  • human
  • The English philosopher John Locke was particularly influential in defining this new attitude towards children, especially with regard to his theory of the tabula rasa, promulgated in his 1690 An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. (
  • 1990
  • They dwelt on the status and duties of children and on the rights accorded them at various stages of maturity (Shahar 1990). (
  • physical
  • Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between parenting style and adolescent girls' physical activity. (
  • This study describes cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between parenting style and girls' participation in organized sport, walking/cycling trips and objectively assessed moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). (
  • Longitudinal analyses revealed significant decreases in organized sport and MVPA, significant increases in walking/cycling trips and no significant associations between parenting and physical activity. (
  • medieval
  • Other scholars have emphasized that medieval and early modern child rearing was not indifferent, negligent, and brutal. (
  • typically
  • In Western societies, the sibling relationship tends to be identified by biological or genealogical criteria and it is typically less important than the spousal or parent-child relationship. (
  • Bonding typically refers to the process of attachment that develops between romantic or platonic partners, close friends, or parents and children. (