Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Environmental Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Journalism: The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Ethics, Professional: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Great BritainAccreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.

*  Finger Lakes Occupational Health Services - Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - University of Rochester...
FLOHS is one of the two programs of the Division of Occupational Medicine within the Department of Environmental Medicine at ... To schedule an appointment with one of our occupational medicine specialists, or to obtain more information on occupational ... Certified Occupational Medicine Physicians that serve on the Faculty at the University of Rochester Medical Center ... To schedule an appointment with one of our occupational medicine specialists, call (585) 244-4771. Our hours are 8:00 am - 4:30 ...
*  Kizer awarded for contributions to occupational and environmental medicine
Award for outstanding contributions to the field of occupational and environmental medicine at the Western Occupational Health ... and the Future of Occupational and Environmental Medicine," Kizer spoke about how occupational medicine specialists are well- ... He also spoke about the role of occupational medicine specialists in promoting greater understanding of the many determinants ... Kizer, a distinguished professor in the UC Davis School of Medicine (Department of Emergency Medicine) and Betty Irene Moore ...
*  Chromium (Cr) Toxicity: Key Concepts | ATSDR - Environmental Medicine & Environmental Health Education - CSEM
Occupational exposure to chromium(VI) compounds has been associated with increased incidence of lung cancer. Chromium(III) is ... Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine. Environmental Medicine and Educational Services Branch ... The complete series of Case Studies in Environmental Medicine is located on the ATSDR Web site at www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/csem. ... About This and Other Case Studies in Environmental Medicine. This educational case study document is one in a series of self- ...
*  Occupational medicine | The BMJ
Occupational medicine. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983; 287 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.287.6393.686-b (Published 03 September ...
*  Endotoxin | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Jonathan N Hofmann, Meredith S Shiels, Melissa C Friesen, Troy J Kemp, Anil K Chaturvedi, Charles F Lynch, Christine G Parks, Ligia A Pinto, Allan Hildesheim, Michael C R Alavanja, Laura E Beane Freeman ...
*  Correspondence | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Occupational and Environmental Medicine 1990; 47 52-57 Published Online First: 01 Jan 1990. doi: 10.1136/oem.47.1.52 ...
*  Erratum | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Occupational and Environmental Medicine 1975; 32 235-238 Published Online First: 01 Aug 1975. doi: 10.1136/oem.32.3.235 ...
*  Violence | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
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*  Meningioma | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Interactions between occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and chemicals for brain tumour risk in ... The INTEROCC case-control study: risk of meningioma and occupational exposure to selected combustion products, dusts and other ...
*  occupation | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Occupational exposures and the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Tracy L Peters, Freya Kamel, Cecilia Lundholm, Maria ... Occupational exposures and mammographic density in Spanish women Virginia Lope, Javier García-Pérez, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Ana ... Occupational exposure and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in a prospective cohort Tom Koeman, Pauline Slottje, Leo J Schouten, ... Occupational activity across adult life and its association with grip strength Rachel Cooper ...
*  Violence | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
The respondents were 60% male, with a mean age of 47.2 years (SD 8.3). Employees primarily worked full-time (75%), on day shifts (73%), and many interacted with customers (54%). Most workers had been with the organisation for some time, with a mean duration of employment of 17.9 years (SD 10.4). Incivility was common in the sample, with 84% of workers experiencing incivility to at least some degree. Demographic and job characteristics accounted for only modest amounts of the variation in the psychological and health outcomes, with adjusted R2 values ranging from 0.0 to 8.3%. The addition of supervisor and co-worker incivility to the regression model improved the explained variance, with increases in adjusted R2 values as high as 28%. Even after controlling for demographic variables, job characteristics, job demand, job control and work social support, incivility increased the explanatory power of the regression model by up to 11%. Of … ...
*  metals | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Occupational exposure and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in a prospective cohort Tom Koeman, Pauline Slottje, Leo J Schouten, ...
*  Abstracts | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
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*  Occupational medicine - University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Occupational medicine. Part of the research area Environmental Health and Occupational Health ... Department of Public Health and Community Medicine Hagberg, Mats Professor/ chief physician. Department of Public Health and ... Department of Public Health and Community Medicine Härenstam, Annika Professor emerita. Department of Sociology and Work ... Occupational exposure to vapor, gas, dust, or fumes and chronic airflow limitation, COPD, and emphysema: the Swedish ...
*  Minisymposium 1 | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Despite this, the evidence for an association with for nasopharyngeal cancer is suggestive for both occupational groups, and is ... R. C. Grafström.Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. In vitro methods have been ... London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; 2Epidemiology and Medical Statistics Unit, Health and Safety ... provided weak evidence for a lung cancer risk from occupational exposure to formaldehyde for industrial workers only. The ...
*  User account | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
This page is used to recover your membership number, or to regain access to purchased articles. If instead you wish to reset your password, click here. ...
*  Occupational Medicine
... We Specialize in Business & Industry. If you have an accident on the job, you want to be seen by a clinic ... Occupational Medicine at Murray-Calloway County Hospital. 300 South 8th Street, Suite 376W. Murray, KY 42071. 270.762.1526. ... Occupational Medicine at Murray Hospital is here for you. We work closely with both employees and employers to help ensure that ... Occupational Medicine at Murray Hospital is affiliated with Murray-Calloway County Hospital providing employers after-hours ...
*  Mercury and dentists | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2002; 59 349-354 Published Online First: 01 May 2002. doi: 10.1136/oem.59.5.349 ... The new behavioural study among dentists by Ritchie et al, reported in this issue of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ... Effects of occupational exposure to mercury vapour on the central nervous system. Br J Ind Med1992;49:545-55. ... coupled with the experimental and occupational evidence of impairment, to provide the basis for test selection on an ...
*  Work in brief | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
The effect of ill health on the ability to work is an important concern for the military services, but has not been studied as extensively as in the civilian context. Rona et al3 report that among 2900 British servicemen surveyed, about 12% were medically restricted from normal duties and these "downgraded" personnel reported psychological symptoms 2-3 times more often than personnel on normal duty. Psychological symptoms were especially common among those with chronic physical injuries. The authors warn that their study cannot determine whether psychological distress is a cause or a consequence of medical downgrading and suggest that research into the mechanisms might reduce the frequency and duration of disability.. ...
*  Occupational Medicine - Organization | WO | TÜV Rheinland
... we can help you organize your occupational medicine. Discover how! ... Consulting Services for Occupational Medicine Organization To be effective, occupational medicine needs to be monitored, ... Our services help you organize occupational medicine. We have specialist physicians, therapists and psychologists all over the ... This is a resource that relieves you of one of the burdens of occupational health. As a trusted partner, you can depend on us ...
*  HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENT | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2005; 62 830-835 Published Online First: 18 Nov 2005. doi: 10.1136/oem.2004.019570 ... As a consequence, the determinants of health considered in HIA include not only occupational/environmental exposures and ... occupational social class, or educational level). In most cases, potentially vulnerable groups, defined by age, gender, ... London: Faculty of Public Health Medicine, 2002; http://www.fph.org.uk/policy_communication/downloads/publications/toolkits/ ...
*  Work in Brief | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
... and coworkers outlining the scope and the limitations of genetic screening and genetic research in occupational medicine.2 The ... Genetic susceptibility to occupational exoposures.Occup Environ Med2008;65:430-6. ... The role of genetics in workers' susceptibility to occupational exposures is an area of substantial and growing interest to ... The paper highlights the difficulty of making reliable occupational attribution in such cases and the potential biases that can ...
*  Create new account | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
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*  Table of contents | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Workplace: Cardiac autonomic dysfunction from occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Mi-Sun Lee, Shannon ...
*  Occupational medicine - Wikipedia
Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) Occupational Medicine Specialists of Canada Faculty of Occupational Medicine American ... Occupational disease Occupational health nursing Occupational health psychology Occupational hygiene Occupational Medicine ( ... "What Is Occupational Medicine and What Do Occupational Medicine Specialists Do?". San Francisco Medical Society. Archived from ... Occupational medicine, especially until 1960 called industrial medicine, is the branch of medicine which deals with the ...

Occupational Medicine (journal): Occupational Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering occupational medicine, including occupational health psychology and organizational psychology that is published eight times per year by Oxford University Press. It covers "work-related injury and illness, accident and illness prevention, health promotion, occupational disease, health education, the establishment and implementation of health and safety standards, monitoring of the work environment, and the management of recognized hazards".United States Army Research Institute of Environmental MedicineBasic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Outline of environmental journalism: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to environmental journalism:Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Andrew Dickson WhiteNational Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories: National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL).Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.

(1/562) Ethical issues among Finnish occupational physicians and nurses.

A postal survey was conducted among 200 Finnish occupational physicians and nurses on their ethical values and problems. Both groups considered 'expertise' and 'confidentiality' as the most important core values of occupational health services (OHS) corresponding with newly published national ethical guidelines for occupational physicians and nurses in Finland. Nearly all respondents had encountered ethically problematic situations in their work, but ethical problems with gene testing in the near future were not considered likely to occur. Only 41% of the nurses and 36% of the physicians had received some training in the ethics of OHS, and 76% of all respondents never used available ethical guidelines. According to the results, even if ethics play a vital role in OHS, the ability to critically evaluate one's own performance seems quite limited. This creates a need for further training and more practicable national guidelines.  (+info)

(2/562) The feasibility of conducting occupational epidemiology in the UK.

A postal survey was carried out of 1,000 UK companies to collect information about employee biographical and work history records. The overall response rate was 46%. All companies collected surname, forenames, address, date of birth and National Insurance number--information needed for cross-sectional studies. Other biographical details such as maiden name and National Health Service number were collected less often, which could increase the cost and difficulty of tracing ex-employees. Seventy per cent reported destroying their records within 10 years of an employee leaving, rising to 82% for companies with fewer than 100 employees. The destruction of employee records creates problems for historical cohort studies and case-control studies, and may hamper ex-employees trying to claim benefit for occupational-related illness. If the scope of future occupational epidemiology is to be improved, guidelines for the collection and retention of the data required must be developed and industry encouraged to participate.  (+info)

(3/562) An animal exposure system using ultrasonic nebulizer that generates well controlled aerosols from liquids.

Various aerosol generators have been developed for animal inhalation experiments and the performance tests of measuring instruments and respirators. It has been, however, difficult to generate aerosols from an aqueous solution or suspension keeping the concentration and particle size distribution constant for a long time. Resolving such difficulties, the present study developed an animal exposure system that generates well-controlled and stable aerosols from liquids. The exposure system consists of an aerosol generator using ultrasonic nebulizer, a mixing chamber and an exposure chamber. The validity of this system was confirmed in the generation of NiCl2 and TiO2 aerosol from solution and suspension, respectively. The concentration levels of NiCl2 aerosol were kept at 3.2 mg/m3 and 0.89 mg/m3 for 5 hours with good coefficients of variation (CVs) of 2.5% and 1.7%, respectively. For TiO2 aerosol, the concentration levels of 1.59 mg/m3 and 0.90 mg/m3 were kept for 5 hours with small CVs of 1.3% and 2.0%, respectively. This exposure system could be sufficiently used for inhalation experiments with even high toxic aerosols such as NiCl2 because a momentary high concentration possibly affects results and an extremely stable concentration is required.  (+info)

(4/562) Micronucleus test using cultured new born rat astrocytes.

Micronuclei is induced in cytoplasm as a consequence of the formation of chromosomal fragments or remaining chromosomes during cell division by the cause of clastogens or spindle poisons, and is used as an indicator of genotoxicity screening tests. There are few short-term genotoxicity screening tests using brain cells. We attempted to establish a new in vitro micronucleus test (MN test) system by use of central nervous system cells. Primary cultured astrocytes were prepared from newborn male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. In growth curve of astrocytes, doubling time was determined to be 31 h. In time study, the highest frequency of micronuclei was observed at 48 h, 72 h and 6 h-exposure-66 h-recovery by vincristine (VCR), mitomycin C (MMC) without metabolic activation system and cyclophosphamide (CPM) with metabolic activation system, respectively. Dose-response relationships between micronucleus frequency and concentrations of MMC, VCR and CPM were observed, respectively. It is suggested that the in vitro MN test using new born rat-astrocytes could be used as a screening test of environmental and occupational genotoxic chemicals in the central nervous system cells.  (+info)

(5/562) Special medical examination program reform proposal in Korea.

We are at a time when reform in the special medical examination program in keeping with the changing times is desperately needed because the common perception of workers, employers, and medical examination facilities is "special medical examination is merely ritualistic and unproductive." Therefore, we have tried to set forth the basic structure for reforming the special medical examination program by taking a close look at the management status of the current program and analyzing its problems. The specifics of the special medical examination program reform proposal consist of three parts such as the types, health evaluation based on occupational medicine, and the interval, subject selection, items and procedure. Pre-placement medical examination and non-periodic medical examinations-as-necessary are introduced newly. Health evaluation based on occupational medicine consists of classification of health status, evaluation of work suitability, and post-examination measure. Details regarding the medical examination interval, subject selection, items and procedure were changed.  (+info)

(6/562) The present state and future prospects of occupational health in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is a relatively young and developing country. At the present time, like in most developing countries, a clear demarcation between occupational health care and general medical care is difficult to be recognized in Bangladesh. Occupational health is a fairly new field, as the country is undergoing industrialization and occupational health activities are operated by several ministries, such as Labour, Health, Industry and Transport. Legal foundations of the occupational health-care system based on British India and Pakistani era, were adopted and amended by the Government of Bangladesh after the liberation of the country in 1971. Most of the Labour laws have been rectified by the Government of Bangladesh according to the ILO Conventions. Reconsideration of the occupational health service system avoiding duplication for the 'occupational health' component in several ministries might be helpful to achieve the successful provision of an occupational health service in the developing Bangladesh.  (+info)

(7/562) Adrenosympathetic overactivity under conditions of work stress.

Serial measurements of urinary adrenaline, noradrenaline, and 11-hydroxycorticosteroid excretion were performed on 32 healthy men under two conditions of work stress; piecework and work on assembly line. A statistically significant increase in adrenaline, noradrenaline, and 11-hydroxycorticosteroids was observed for piecework and assembly line workers compared with salaried and 'ordinary' workers. The results support the assumption that psychosocial factors of an everyday type have significant effects on the sympathoadrenomedullary and adrenocortical function.  (+info)

(8/562) Exposure to trichloroethylene I. Uptake and distribution in man.

Fifteen healthy male subjects were exposed to about 540 and 1,080 mg/m3 of trichloroethylene (TRI) in the air during rest and exercise on a bicycle ergometer. Each subject was exposed during four 30-min periods. The arterial blood concentration increased linearly with the concentration in the alveolar air. The uptake of TRI was about 55% of the supplied amount at rest. At a work load of 150 W during the fourth period the percentage uptake decreased to about 25%. For one fairly thin subject the uptake was near zero at the end of exposure. This development was probably due to the relatively low solubility of TRI in blood and tissues. The uptake of TRI may be estimated from pulmonary ventilation and the concentration in alveolar and inspiratory air.  (+info)