Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Argyria: A permanent ashen-gray discoloration of the skin, conjunctiva, and internal organs resulting from long-continued use of silver salts. (Dorland, 27th ed)Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration: An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.Occupational Health Physicians: Physicians employed in a company or corporate setting that is generally not in the health care industry.Word Processing: Text editing and storage functions using computer software.Asthma, Occupational: Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Policy: A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Pneumoconiosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Silicosis: A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.Compensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Coal MiningDermatitis, Occupational: A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.Hand DermatosesRepublic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.New JerseyLead PoisoningEuropean Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Dermatitis, Allergic Contact: A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.United States

*  State Requirements for Reporting Infectious and Occupational Diseases
State Requirements for Reporting Infectious and Occupational Diseases Two articles published in the December 1, 1989, issue of ... Mandatory reporting of occupational diseases by clinicians. JAMA 1989;262:3041-4. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1600 Clifton Rd, MailStop E-90, Atlanta, GA 30333, U.S.A ... the Journal of the American Medical Association contain lists of infectious (1) and occupational (2) diseases required to be ...
*  Death from occupational disease. | The BMJ
Death from occupational disease.. BMJ 1993; 307 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.307.6907.749 (Published 25 September 1993) ... Public Health England: Consultant Medical Virologist or Infectious Diseases Physician with a special interest in Virology ...
*  Occupational Disease Archives | PBI.org
Occupational Disease, Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court, Termination of Benefits,Comments Off on Employee Entitled to Disability ...
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 00074552 - Occupational diseases: a guide to their recognition.
The main topics covered include: means of contact and entry of toxic agents; mode of action of toxic substances; occupational ... and members of allied professions engaged in efforts to prevent and control the potential diseases of the occupational ... Guide for the diagnosis of occupational diseases intended for the use of physicians ... Guide for the diagnosis of occupational diseases intended for the use of physicians and members of allied professions engaged ...
*  Modifying the definition of occupational disease
... Last year's proposal to modify the definition of occupational disease has ... SB 5509 specifies an occupational disease claim must arise out of and in the course of employment where the worker is exposed ... The bill also shortens the statute of limitations on all occupational disease claims from two years to one year. ... The disease is not an ordinary condition of life to which the general public is exposed without regard to employment. ...
*  occupational disease facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about occupational disease
Make research projects and school reports about occupational disease easy with credible articles from our FREE, online ... and pictures about occupational disease at Encyclopedia.com. ... OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE. The term "occupational disease" refers to ... National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Occupational Lung Disease; Occupational Safety and Health; Occupational ... Sources of Occupational Disease. Among the environmental causes of occupational disease are subjection to extremes of ...
*  United Nations News Centre - Prevention key to tackling occupational diseases, says new UN report
Approximately 2 million people die each year due to work-related diseases while 160 million more are afflicted by non-fatal ... occupational illnesses, says a new report by the United Nations labour agency, which has called for an ... According to the report, entitled The Prevention of Occupational Diseases, work-related illnesses kill six times as many people ... Prevention key to tackling occupational diseases, says new UN report. ILO Director-General Guy Ryder. Photo: ILO/M. Crozet ...
*  U.S. report: An estimated 137 die each day from occupational diseases - UPI.com
... workers die on the job every day while an additional estimated 137 die each day from occupational diseases, AFL-CIO officials ... workers die on the job every day while an additional estimated 137 die each day from occupational diseases, AFL-CIO officials ... 4,693 workers were killed on the job and about 50,000 die every year from occupational diseases. In 2011, 3.8 million workers ...
*  Occupational Disease | Workers Compensation Board of Manitoba
Disease/General. 44.20. 01/01/2018. Spondylolysis/Spondylolisthesis. 07/01/2012. Laryngeal Cancer. 07 ...
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20029443 - Occupational disease and workers' compensation: coverage, costs, and consequences.
First, the authors estimated the deaths and costs for all occupational disease in 1999, using epidemiological studies. Among ... the greatest contributors were job-related cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and circulatory disease. Second, the authors ... Most of the costs of occupational disease are not covered by workers' compensation. ... Diseases; Demographic-characteristics; Men; Women; Statistical-analysis; Occupational-diseases ...
*  Environmental and occupational diseases - Humpath.com - Human pathology
Environmental and occupational diseases. * furanocoumarin 8 September 2014 furanocoumarins WP The furanocoumarins, or ... decompression disease 23 March 2009 Decompression disease is encountered in deep-sea divers and underwater workers who spend ... Home , D. General pathology , Environmental and occupational diseases. ...
*  Work ability reform: Occupational disease patients left without benefits | Business | ERR
Estonia's national work ability reform is leaving those who have contracted occupational diseases or been the victim of an ... According to the Estonian Association of Occupational Disease Patients, what is needed right now is occupational accident and ... Estonian Association of Occupational Disease Patients board member Aleksander Nukka said that with the loss of the percentage ... This is why the need for occupational accident and disease insurance is greater than ever, found Nukka, as this would instill ...
*  Workers' Comp - Occupational Disease - Neck & Back Injury - Virginia Lawyers Weekly
Occupational Disease - Neck & Back Injury Workers' Comp - Occupational Disease - Neck & Back Injury By: Virginia Lawyers ... back or spinal column is explicitly excluded from coverage as an occupational disease under Va. Code § 65.2-400(B)(4), and the ...
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20029116 - The global burden of selected occupational diseases and injury risks: methodology...
To better advise policy makers, we assessed the global burden of disease and injury due to selected occupational hazards. This ... Occupational-diseases; Injuries; Diseases; Occupational-health; Risk-analysis; Occupational-hazards; Risk-factors; Mortality- ... Exposure to occupational hazards accounts for a significant proportion of the global burden of disease and injury, which could ... To better advise policy makers, we assessed the global burden of disease and injury due to selected occupational hazards. This ...
*  Newly notified occupational diseases 2011 | ÚZIS ČR
... from that 1 210 cases were occupational disease and 56 cases were given the status of endangerment by an occupational disease. ... This Topical Information presents a survey of the numbers of newly reported occupational diseases in the Czech Republic. Data ... The number of newly reported occupational diseases declined slightly compared with the preceding year by 2 % to 1 266 reported ... are issued from the National Register of Occupational Diseases. Its administrator is Institute of Health Information and ...
*  Occupational Disease in California Attributed to Pesticides and Other Agricultural Chemicals | Occupational & Environmental...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center's RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
*  1. Modern Occupational Medicine.2. Occupational Diseases and Industrial Medicine. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American...
1. Modern Occupational Medicine.. 2. Occupational Diseases and Industrial Medicine.. Ann Intern Med. 1961;54:355. doi: 10.7326/ ... These two books actually complement each other in their approaches to the subject of occupational medicine. Drs. Fleming, ... The fourth section (nine chapters) deals with the services allied to occupational medicine. Section five (four chapters) covers ... Section three (five chapters) discusses physical environment, work, stress, and occupational health. ...
*  Occupational disease - Wikipedia
Occupational skin diseases are ranked among the top five occupational diseases in many countries. Occupational skin diseases ... Some well-known occupational diseases include: Occupational lung diseases include asbestosis among asbestos miners and those ... most of them greatly increasing the penalties in case of breaches of the occupational disease laws. Occupational disease ... Another occupational skin disease is Glove related hand urticaria. It has been reported as an occupational problem among the ...
*  Occupational safety and health regulation and legislation enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries -...
Occupational safety and health enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries. Christina Mischke, Jos H ... Occupational safety and health regulation and legislation enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries. ... Occupational safety and health regulation and legislation enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries. ... Christina Mischke, Cochrane Occupational Safety and Health Review Group, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, ...
*  Occupational lung disease - Wikipedia
Occupational lung diseases are occupational diseases affecting the respiratory system, including occupational asthma, black ... "Respiratory Diseases: Occupational Risks". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 21 December 2012. Retrieved ... Infectious lung diseases can also be acquired in an occupational context. Exposure to substances like flock and silica can ... Occupational cases of interstitial lung disease may be misdiagnosed as COPD, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, or a myriad of ...
*  Occupational disease - Letter O - English to Spanish Dictionary Of Legal Terms
Spanish Translator Services presents our free Spanish to English and English to Spanish translation dictionaries developed by the team of expert English - Spanish translators of Trusted Translations, Inc.
*  Workmen's Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention, 1925 - Wikipedia
Workmen's Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention, 1925 is an International Labour Organization Convention. It was ... Occupational Diseases) Convention (Revised), 1934, and again in 1964 by Convention C121 - Employment Injury Benefits Convention ... Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to workmen's compensation for occupational diseases,... This ...
*  Clear all filters
Occupational safety and health enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries ... Interventions to increase the reporting of occupational diseases by physicians Stefania Curti, Riitta Sauni, Dick Spreeuwers, ... Antiretroviral post‐exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for occupational HIV exposure Taryn Young, Fanelo James Arens, Gail E Kennedy, ... Personal protective equipment for preventing highly infectious diseases due to exposure to contaminated body fluids in ...
*  Register for occupational skin diseases. | The BMJ
Register for occupational skin diseases.. BMJ 1991; 303 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.303.6809.1063-a (Published 26 October ...
*  Workmen's Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention (Revised), 1934 - Wikipedia
Workmen's Compensation (Occupational Diseases) Convention (Revised), 1934 is an International Labour Organization Convention. ... proposals with regard to the partial revision of the Convention concerning workmen's compensation for occupational diseases ...

Office of Workers' Compensation Programs: The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who experience work-related injury or occupational disease.http://www.Argyria (moth)Occupational Medicine (journal): Occupational Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering occupational medicine, including occupational health psychology and organizational psychology that is published eight times per year by Oxford University Press. It covers "work-related injury and illness, accident and illness prevention, health promotion, occupational disease, health education, the establishment and implementation of health and safety standards, monitoring of the work environment, and the management of recognized hazards".American Association of Public Health Physicians: The American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP), is a professional association of public health physicians. Its motto is "the voice of Public Health Physicians / Guardians of the Public's Health".Word Juggler: Word Juggler was a word processor application by Quark, Inc. for the Apple IIe, IIc, and III computers.Basic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Radiation dose reconstruction: Radiation dose reconstruction refers to the process of estimating radiation doses that were received by individuals or populations in the past as a result of particular exposure situations of concern.A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency.PneumoconiosisOccupational fatality: An occupational fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.SilicosisVaccine Information Statement: Vaccine Information Statement is a formal description of a vaccine, with a concise description of the benefits of the vaccine, a concise description of the risks associated with the vaccine, a statement of the availability of the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, and is required as a provision of the United States National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act. Such materials shall be provided prior to the administration of a vaccine set forth in the Vaccine Injury Table.Pocket petYanzhou Coal Mining CompanyAlitretinoinRainbow (South Korean band)New Jersey State Park Police: The New Jersey State Park Police patrol and protect the State’s 54 parks, forests and recreation areas which encompass an excess of and are visited by more than 17 million people each year, which defines their motto, "Protecting New Jersey's Treasures and the people who visit them." All State Park Police Officers are sworn State Law Enforcement Officers who are PTC certified.European Union climate and energy package: The European plan on climate change consists of a range of measures adopted by the members of the European Union to fight against climate change. The plan was launched in March 2007, and after months of tough negotiations between the member countries, it was adopted by the European Parliament on December 2008.Contact dermatitisMineral dust: Mineral dust is a term used to indicate atmospheric aerosols originated from the suspension of minerals constituting the soil, being composed of various oxides and carbonates. Human activities lead to 30% of the dust load in the atmosphere.Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Disease registry: Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals. Registries are different from indexes in that they contain more extensive data.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Standard evaluation frameworkClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,

(1/7118) Traumatic vasospastic disease in chain-saw operators.

Raynaud's phenomenon is commonly induced in chain-saw operators by vibration; the hand guiding the tool is the more severely affected. The condition tends to persist after use of the chain-saw is stopped but compensation is rarely sought. Among 17 cases of Raynaud's phenomenon in lumberjacks the condition was found to be related to use of the chain-saw in 14, 10 of whom had to give up their work in colder weather because the disease was so disabling. Two criteria essential to establish the condition as vibration-induced Raynaud's phenomenon are the presence of symptoms for at least 2 years and a history of at least 1 year's constant use of the chain-saw. Careful physical examination and simple tests of vascular function will provide objective evidence of permanent damage by which the patients may be classified and compensated.  (+info)

(2/7118) Incidence and occupational pattern of leukaemias, lymphomas, and testicular tumours in western Ireland over an 11 year period.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence of the following malignancies, testicular tumours, all leukaemias and all lymphomas in the West of Ireland in an 11 year period. Secondly, to examine the relation between disease patterns and available occupational data in male subjects of working age. DESIGN: A census survey of all cases occurring in the three counties in the Western Health Board (WHB) area, Galway, Mayo and Roscommon, for the 11 year period 1980 to 1990 inclusive. Average annual age standardised incidence rates for the period were calculated using the 1986 census data. Rates for the area are compared with rates from the southern region of Ireland, which had a tumour registry. Trends over the time period are evaluated. All male subjects for whom occupational data were available were categorised using the Irish socioeconomic group classification and incidence rates by occupation were compared using the standardised incidence ratio method. In one of the counties, Galway, a detailed occupational history of selected cases and an age matched control group was also elicited through patients' general practitioners. SETTING: All available case records in the West of Ireland. RESULTS: There are no national incidence records for the period. Compared with data from the Southern Tumour Registry, the number of cases of women with myeloid leukaemias was significantly lower. Male leukaemia rates were significantly lower as a group (SIR 84 (95% CI 74, 95) but not when considered as individual categories. Regression analysis revealed an increasing trend in the number of new cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among both men (r = 0.47, p = 0.02) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0001) and of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in men (r = 0.77, p = 0.005) and women (r = 0.68 p = 0.02) in the WHB region over the last decade. Four hundred and fifty six male cases over the age of 15 years were identified and adequate occupational information was available for 74% of these. Standardised incidence ratios of testicular tumours 100, 938) and agriworkers other than farmers (SIR 377, 95% CI 103, 967). There were also significantly increased incidence ratios for both non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (SIR 169, 95% CI 124, 266) and three categories of leukaemias among farmers. Hodgkin's disease and acute myeloid leukaemias were significantly increased among semi-skilled people. Interview data with 90 cases and 54 controls of both sexes revealed that among farmers, cases (n = 31) were significantly less likely than controls (n = 20) to use tractor mounted spraying techniques (OR = 0.19 (95% CI 0.04, 0.80)) and less likely to wear protective masks (OR 0.22 (95% CI 0.05, 0.84)). CONCLUSIONS: Trends of increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and some leukaemias are consistent with studies elsewhere. The study provides further evidence of the relation between agricultural work and certain lymphoproliferative cancers. The possible carcinogenic role of chemicals used in agricultural industries must be considered as an explanation.  (+info)

(3/7118) Is hospital care involved in inequalities in coronary heart disease mortality? Results from the French WHO-MONICA Project in men aged 30-64.

OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess whether possible disparities in coronary heart disease (CHD) management between occupational categories (OC) in men might be observed and contribute to the increasing inequalities in CHD morbidity and mortality reported in France. METHODS: The data from the three registers of the French MONICA Collaborative Centres (MCC-Lille, MCC-Strasbourg, and MCC-Toulouse) were analysed during two period: 1985-87 and 1989-91. Acute myocardial infarctions and coronary deaths concerning men, aged 30-64 years, were included. Non-professionally active and retired men were excluded. Results were adjusted for age and MCC, using a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 605 and 695 events were analysed for 1985-87 and 1989-91, respectively. Out of hospital cardiac arrests, with or without cardiac resuscitation, and 28 day case fatality rates were lower among upper executives in both periods. A coronarography before the acute event had been performed more frequently in men of this category and the proportion of events that could be hospitalised was higher among them. In both periods, the management of acute myocardial infarctions in hospital and prescriptions on discharge were similar among occupational categories. CONCLUSIONS: For patients who could be admitted to hospital, the management was found to be similar among OCs, as was the 28 day case fatality rate among the hospitalised patients. In contrast, lower prognosis and higher probability of being hospitalised after the event among some categories suggest that pre-hospital care and the patient's conditions before the event are the primary factors involved.  (+info)

(4/7118) Socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population: the contribution of working conditions.

BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the impact of different categories of working conditions on the association between occupational class and self-reported health in the working population. METHODS: Data were collected through a postal survey conducted in 1991 among inhabitants of 18 municipalities in the southeastern Netherlands. Data concerned 4521 working men and 2411 working women and included current occupational class (seven classes), working conditions (physical working conditions, job control, job demands, social support at work), perceived general health (very good or good versus less than good) and demographic confounders. Data were analysed with logistic regression techniques. RESULTS: For both men and women we observed a higher odds ratio for a less than good perceived general health in the lower occupational classes (adjusted for confounders). The odds of a less than good perceived general health was larger among people reporting more hazardous physical working conditions, lower job control, lower social support at work and among those in the highest category of job demands. Results were similar for men and women. Men and women in the lower occupational classes reported more hazardous physical working conditions and lower job control as compared to those in higher occupational classes. High job demands were more often reported in the higher occupational classes, while social support at work was not clearly related to occupational class. When physical working conditions and job control were added simultaneously to a model with occupational class and confounders, the odds ratios for occupational classes were reduced substantially. For men, the per cent change in the odds ratios for the occupational classes ranged between 35% and 83%, and for women between 35% and 46%. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial part of the association between occupational class and a less than good perceived general health in the working population could be attributed to a differential distribution of hazardous physical working conditions and a low job control across occupational classes. This suggests that interventions aimed at improving these working conditions might result in a reduction of socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population.  (+info)

(5/7118) Socioeconomic inequalities and disability pension in middle-aged men.

BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively. With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease.  (+info)

(6/7118) Permanent work incapacity, mortality and survival without work incapacity among occupations and social classes: a cohort study of ageing men in Geneva.

BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the burden of disability and death in men, from middle age to age of retirement, among occupational groups and classes in Geneva. METHODS: Men were included if they resided in the Canton of Geneva, were 45 years of age in 1970-1972, and were not receiving a disability pension at the start of the follow-up. The cohort of 5137 men was followed up for 20 years and linked to national registers of disability pension allowance and of causes of death. RESULTS: There was a steep upward trend in incidence of permanent work incapacity with lower social class for all causes as well as for the seven causes of disability studied. Compared with professional occupations (social class I), the relative risk (RR) of permanent work incapacity was 11.4 for partly skilled and unskilled occupations (class IV+V) (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.2-28.0). The social class gradient in mortality was in the same direction as that in work incapacity although much less steep (RR class IV+V to class I = 1.6, 95% CI : 1.1-2.2). Survival without work incapacity at the time of the 65th birthday ranged from only 57% in construction workers and labourers to 89% in science and related professionals. Unemployment in Geneva was below 1.5% during almost all the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Medically-ascertained permanent work incapacity and survival without work incapacity have shown considerably greater socioeconomic differentials than the mortality differentials.  (+info)

(7/7118) SWORD '97: surveillance of work-related and occupational respiratory disease in the UK.

SWORD is one of seven clinically based reporting schemes which together now provide almost comprehensive coverage of occupational diseases across the UK. Although SWORD is now in its tenth year, participation rates remain high. Of an estimated 3,903 new cases seen this year, 1,031 (26%) were of occupational asthma, 978 (25%) of mesothelioma, 794 (20%) of non-malignant pleural disease, 336 (9%) of pneumoconiosis and 233 (6%) of inhalation accidents. Incidence rates of occupational asthma were generally highest among workers in the manufacture of wood products, textiles and food (particularly grain products and crustaceans) and additionally, in the production of precious and non-ferrous metals, rubber goods, detergents and perfumes, and in mining. Health care workers were noted to have a surprisingly high incidence of inhalation accidents. Occupational asthma attributed to latex has increased dramatically; the highest rates are among laboratory technicians, shoe workers and health care workers.  (+info)

(8/7118) Post-traumatic epilepsy: its complications and impact on occupational rehabilitation--an epidemiological study from India.

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of seizure disorder, neuropsychiatric disorders and reproductive outcome of employees with post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) and their effect on occupational rehabilitation. A case-comparison group study design was used to compare 30 subjects with PTE with (1) 129 non-PTE and (2) 55 non-PTE matched control employees. The 55 non-PTE matched controls were selected from the 129 non-PTE employees on the basis of age, age at onset of seizure, age at marriage and length of employment. The PTE group had a lower fertility rate than the controls and more neuropsychiatric disorders and seizure disability. PTE employees were more occupationally rehabilitated than non-PTE employees (p = 0.033). Of the 30 PTE subjects, thirteen who were rehabilitated by placement had more seizure disability (p = 0.007) and a higher fertility rate (p = 0.018). High prevalence of seizure disability and increased fertility rate among the placed PTE employees suggested that there might be some association between severity of seizures and increased production of live offspring and work placement. Work suitability or placement should not be judged on clinical assessment only but psychosocial seizure assessment, disability evaluation and other psychometric tests which are of equal importance.  (+info)

  • Dermatitis
  • Clinical manifestations of the contact dermatitis are also modified by external factors such as environmental factors (mechanical pressure, temperature, and humidity) and predisposing characteristics of the individual (age, sex, ethnic origin, preexisting skin disease, atopic skin diathesis, and anatomic region exposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatal
  • 26 April 2013 Approximately 2 million people die each year due to work-related diseases while 160 million more are afflicted by non-fatal occupational illnesses, says a new report by the United Nations labour agency, which has called for an "urgent and vigorous" global campaign to tackle the growing problem. (un.org)
  • Patients
  • According to the Estonian Association of Occupational Disease Patients, what is needed right now is occupational accident and disease insurance, which has yet to be successfully developed on the legislative level. (err.ee)
  • Estonian Association of Occupational Disease Patients board member Aleksander Nukka said that with the loss of the percentage of loss of work capacity, employees are stripped of their legal opportunity to prove damage to their health caused by their fulfillment of their professional duties and ability to seek compensation on this basis. (err.ee)
  • airways
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), informally known as popcorn lung, is a disease that results in obstruction of the smallest airways of the lungs (bronchioles) due to inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • Last year's proposal to modify the definition of occupational disease has been reintroduced this year and is scheduled to be heard in the Senate Commerce & Labor Committee next week. (awcnet.org)
  • The bill also shortens the statute of limitations on all occupational disease claims from two years to one year. (awcnet.org)
  • In the years for which data was available in the year 2000, almost 430,000 nonfatal occupational illnesses were recorded annually in the United States, with approximately 60 percent of these occurring in the manufacturing sector. (encyclopedia.com)