Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Argyria: A permanent ashen-gray discoloration of the skin, conjunctiva, and internal organs resulting from long-continued use of silver salts. (Dorland, 27th ed)Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration: An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.Occupational Health Physicians: Physicians employed in a company or corporate setting that is generally not in the health care industry.Word Processing: Text editing and storage functions using computer software.Asthma, Occupational: Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Policy: A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Pneumoconiosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Silicosis: A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.Compensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Coal MiningDermatitis, Occupational: A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.Hand DermatosesRepublic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.New JerseyLead PoisoningEuropean Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Dermatitis, Allergic Contact: A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.United States

*  Occupational diseases - RIDDOR - HSE

Employers and self-employed people are required to report cases of certain diagnosed reportable diseases linked with ... Occupational diseases. Reportable diseases. Regulation 8 requires employers and self-employed people to report cases of certain ... diagnosed reportable diseases which are linked with occupational exposure to specified hazards. The reportable diseases and ... A reportable disease must be diagnosed by a doctor. Diagnosis includes identifying any new symptoms, or any significant ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20036918 - Occupational disease.

Efforts to determine the nature and extent of occupational diseases are more elusive than for injuries; the latter, at least in ... there remains as yet no reliable estimate of the magnitude of the medical and economic burden posed by occupational diseases ... Occupational-diseases; Mortality-data; Occupational-exposure; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Workplace-studies; ... Efforts to determine the nature and extent of occupational diseases are more elusive than for injuries; the latter, at least in ...

*  Professor Tim Driscoll - The University of Sydney

Developing a list of compensable occupational diseases: principles and issues. The Open Occupational Health & Safety Journal, 3 ... Developing a list of compensable occupational diseases: principles and issues. The Open Occupational Health & Safety Journal, 3 ... I also contribute to teaching in burden of disease, occupational health and safety and injury in the Master of Public Health ... To enable research to update burden of disease estimates of occupational carcinogens; Driscoll T; World Health Organisation ( ...

*  WHO/Europe | Aerotoxic syndrome: a new occupational disease?

Publications Public Health Panorama Correspondence Aerotoxic syndrome: a new occupational disease? Public Health Panorama * ...

*  Interventions to increase the reporting of occupational diseases by physicians | Cochrane

Interventions to increase the reporting of occupational diseases by physicians. Background There are many diseases that are ... of occupational diseases measured as the number of physicians reporting or as the rate of reporting occupational diseases. ... However, often occupational diseases go unreported. This is because doctors might not know what is expected of them or they ... Under-reporting of occupational diseases is an important issue worldwide. The collection of reliable data is essential for ...

*  Welders: Tackling occupational disease

... is a varying mixture of airborne gases and very fine particles which if inhaled can cause a number of respiratory diseases ... Information on these and other initiatives is available by registering on the Occupational Disease Community site. ... Specific guidance for employers on reducing the incidence of respiratory disease is available on HSE's welding web pages. ... is a varying mixture of airborne gases and very fine particles which if inhaled can cause a number of respiratory diseases ...

*  Occupational Disease & Employment History

Washington State Dept. of Labor & Industries. Use of this site is subject to the laws of the state of Washington.. ...

*  Lead occupational disease

... Lead poisoning was one of the earliest occupational diseases to be recorded - the Greek physician ... See also: Lead additives, Lead as toxic element, Beethoven, Home lead poisoning, Lead in history, Lead letter, Occupational ...

*  The Occupational Disease Pilot Program & Healthcare - Legal Talk Network

The Occupational Disease Pilot Program & Healthcare. Health Care reform continues to be at the forefront of the Obama ... a close look at the delivery of medical benefits when it comes to occupational disease and how workers compensation may or may ... compensation and the Occupational Disease Pilot Program: a close look at the delivery of medical benefits when it comes to ... Host and Attorney Alan S. Pierce welcomes Jon L. Gelman to discuss health care and workers' compensation and the Occupational ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 00202358 - Workers' compensation and the prevention of occupational disease.

One was the occupational disease risk notification, medical monitoring and health promotion system. Workers who have already ... been exposed to high levels of toxic substances and who are at high risk of latent occupational diseases need a federal program ... NIOSH-Publication; Industrial-hazards; Legislation; Regulations; Worker-health; Occupational-health; Occupational-diseases; ... One was the occupational disease risk notification, medical monitoring and health promotion system. Workers who have already ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20026735 - Lost time from agricultural injuries and occupational diseases in Finland.

... aims to characterize lost time due to disability and to quantify risk factors for disability in injury and occupational disease ... Occupational diseases comprised 8% of the cases and 28% of the lost time. The mean lost time per case was 53 days for injuries ... The risk of long disabilities increased with age and occupational diseases had a much greater risk of long-term disability than ... A much higher proportion of occupational diseases (47%) were long-term disabilities compared to injuries (2.2%). About 1.2% of ...

*  Central Register of Occupational Diseases

The definition of occupational disease , Certifying Procedure , List of occupational diseases , Statistical data on the ... Central Register of Occupational Diseases. Our books. Mechanisms of chemical carcinogenesis and their impact on dose-response ... Data on occupational diseases has been collected by the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (NIOM) in Lodz since 1971. ... A report, "Occupational diseases in Poland" containing current data on the incidence of the diseases according to nosologic ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20026306 - Injuries and occupational diseases in agriculture in Finland cost, length of...

During 1996, there were 10,092 injuries (7.37/100 workers) and 830 occupational diseases (0.61/100 workers) in a population of ... This study aimed to describe costs and lost time from injuries and occupational diseases, and to measure the effect of a no- ... Occupational diseases comprised 8% of the claims and 29% of the lost time. The mean lost time was longer for occupational ... 6636 for occupational diseases; and 1743 for all claims. The total compensated lost time from 1996 injuries and occupational ...

*  World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2013: Case Study - Malaysia: National System for the Recognition of Occupational...

The update of the occupational diseases schedule in 2008 when the list of occupational diseases rose from 88 to 226. ... recording and compensation of occupational diseases.. Diagnosis of occupational diseases requires specific medical capacity and ... Occupational disease data are required to inform us which groups of diseases are more prevalent and which workers or groups of ... It is therefore conceivable that the apparent increase in the number of cases of occupational diseases has not been the result ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20034957 - Occupational respiratory diseases.

These workers are exposed to a variety of occupational respiratory hazards. Identifying these hazards is important, because ... However, the respiratory hazards and associated diseases among health care professionals ... Occupational health for health care professionals: caring for the carers. Jayakumar G, Jayakumar R, eds. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia ... However, the respiratory hazards and associated diseases among health care professionals are not well documented in the United ...

*  Radiology of Occupational Chest Disease : 9783540968771

Radiology of Occupational Chest Disease, 9783540968771, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. ...

*  Occupational respiratory disease in mining

This review is based on research-based literature on occupational lung disease in the mining and related industries, focusing ... Coal workers' pneumoconiosis, asbestos related diseases, lung cancer and other occupational respiratory diseases remain of ... A further occupational health challenge facing primary care practitioners are ex-miners presenting with disease only after long ... This review is based on research-based literature on occupational lung disease in the mining and related industries, focusing ...

*  Occupational Diseases - The Bader Law Firm

Home / Occupational Diseases. Nearly one million workers suffer from an occupational illness or occupational disease every year ... virtually all of them develop or contract an occupational illness or occupational disease as a result of exposure to some type ... of the toxic substances and hazardous materials that have been linked with occupational illnesses and occupational diseases ... lung disease and other respiratory problems such as asthma, mesothelioma, latex allergies, lead poisoning, dermatitis and other ...

*  Occupational Lung Disease Media Statement | Lung Foundation Australia

Occupational Lung Disease Media Statement. From: Lung Foundation Australia CEO, Heather Allan and The Thoracic Society of ... Occupational lung diseases are largely preventable through actions to avoid or reduce exposure to harmful workplace exposures ... Occupational exposure contributes substantially to the burden of lung disease in Australia. There are many occupations exposing ... In Australia, there is extremely limited insight into the causes of occupational lung disease and the industries in which they ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20027142 - Occupational renal disease a review of 375 autopsy cases with occupational...

... as well as several epidemiologic surveys have suggested a pathogenetic link between exposure to silica and renal disease. The ... Occupational renal disease a review of 375 autopsy cases with occupational exposures.. ... Occupational-hazards; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-respiratory-disease ... This is why we launched an extensive pathologic review of autopsy cases with occupational exposure to investigate the ...

*  The Importance of Vitamin C - Ascorbic Acid | Dr Frances Pitsilis

... but he discovered that giving his sailors cabbage and limes prevented the disease - that's why they called Englishmen "Limeys". ...

*  Cocos nucifera | SpringerLink

Macronutrient selection in an animal model of cholestatic liver disease. Appetite 1988; 11(2): 73-80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle ... Occupational allergic contact dermatitis due to coconut diethanolamide (cocamide DEA). Contact Dermatitis 1993; 29(5): 262-265. ... Kumar, P. D. The role of coconut and coconut oil in coronary heart disease in Kerala, south India. Trop Doct 1997; 27(4): 215- ... Dentist's occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by coconut diethanolamide, N-ethyl-4-toluene sulfonamide, and 4- ...

*  Role of FAB classification of acute leukemias in era of immunophenotyping.

A serological study in response to people at occupational risk of rabies virus exposure in Nepal PPT Version , PDF Version ... Infectious Diseases. *Medical Ethics & Health Policies. *Palliativecare. *Reproductive Medicine & Women Healthcare. *Surgery ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20043021 - Winter season, frequent hand washing, and irritant patch test reactions to...

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027 USA ...

*  CDPH Home

Chronic Disease and Injury Control. *. Environmental and Occupational Disease Control. *. Office of Problem ... Division of Environmental and Occupational Disease Control *Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch *Healthcare Provider ... Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion *Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Control *California Tobacco ... Center for Infectious Diseases. *. HIV/AIDS. *. Binational Border Health. *. Communicable Disease Control. * ...

Office of Workers' Compensation Programs: The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who experience work-related injury or occupational disease.http://www.Argyria (moth)Occupational Medicine (journal): Occupational Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering occupational medicine, including occupational health psychology and organizational psychology that is published eight times per year by Oxford University Press. It covers "work-related injury and illness, accident and illness prevention, health promotion, occupational disease, health education, the establishment and implementation of health and safety standards, monitoring of the work environment, and the management of recognized hazards".American Association of Public Health Physicians: The American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP), is a professional association of public health physicians. Its motto is "the voice of Public Health Physicians / Guardians of the Public's Health".Word Juggler: Word Juggler was a word processor application by Quark, Inc. for the Apple IIe, IIc, and III computers.Basic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Radiation dose reconstruction: Radiation dose reconstruction refers to the process of estimating radiation doses that were received by individuals or populations in the past as a result of particular exposure situations of concern.A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency.PneumoconiosisOccupational fatality: An occupational fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.SilicosisVaccine Information Statement: Vaccine Information Statement is a formal description of a vaccine, with a concise description of the benefits of the vaccine, a concise description of the risks associated with the vaccine, a statement of the availability of the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, and is required as a provision of the United States National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act. Such materials shall be provided prior to the administration of a vaccine set forth in the Vaccine Injury Table.Pocket petYanzhou Coal Mining CompanyAlitretinoinRainbow (South Korean band)New Jersey State Park Police: The New Jersey State Park Police patrol and protect the State’s 54 parks, forests and recreation areas which encompass an excess of and are visited by more than 17 million people each year, which defines their motto, "Protecting New Jersey's Treasures and the people who visit them." All State Park Police Officers are sworn State Law Enforcement Officers who are PTC certified.European Union climate and energy package: The European plan on climate change consists of a range of measures adopted by the members of the European Union to fight against climate change. The plan was launched in March 2007, and after months of tough negotiations between the member countries, it was adopted by the European Parliament on December 2008.Contact dermatitisMineral dust: Mineral dust is a term used to indicate atmospheric aerosols originated from the suspension of minerals constituting the soil, being composed of various oxides and carbonates. Human activities lead to 30% of the dust load in the atmosphere.Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Disease registry: Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals. Registries are different from indexes in that they contain more extensive data.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Standard evaluation frameworkClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,

(1/7118) Traumatic vasospastic disease in chain-saw operators.

Raynaud's phenomenon is commonly induced in chain-saw operators by vibration; the hand guiding the tool is the more severely affected. The condition tends to persist after use of the chain-saw is stopped but compensation is rarely sought. Among 17 cases of Raynaud's phenomenon in lumberjacks the condition was found to be related to use of the chain-saw in 14, 10 of whom had to give up their work in colder weather because the disease was so disabling. Two criteria essential to establish the condition as vibration-induced Raynaud's phenomenon are the presence of symptoms for at least 2 years and a history of at least 1 year's constant use of the chain-saw. Careful physical examination and simple tests of vascular function will provide objective evidence of permanent damage by which the patients may be classified and compensated.  (+info)

(2/7118) Incidence and occupational pattern of leukaemias, lymphomas, and testicular tumours in western Ireland over an 11 year period.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence of the following malignancies, testicular tumours, all leukaemias and all lymphomas in the West of Ireland in an 11 year period. Secondly, to examine the relation between disease patterns and available occupational data in male subjects of working age. DESIGN: A census survey of all cases occurring in the three counties in the Western Health Board (WHB) area, Galway, Mayo and Roscommon, for the 11 year period 1980 to 1990 inclusive. Average annual age standardised incidence rates for the period were calculated using the 1986 census data. Rates for the area are compared with rates from the southern region of Ireland, which had a tumour registry. Trends over the time period are evaluated. All male subjects for whom occupational data were available were categorised using the Irish socioeconomic group classification and incidence rates by occupation were compared using the standardised incidence ratio method. In one of the counties, Galway, a detailed occupational history of selected cases and an age matched control group was also elicited through patients' general practitioners. SETTING: All available case records in the West of Ireland. RESULTS: There are no national incidence records for the period. Compared with data from the Southern Tumour Registry, the number of cases of women with myeloid leukaemias was significantly lower. Male leukaemia rates were significantly lower as a group (SIR 84 (95% CI 74, 95) but not when considered as individual categories. Regression analysis revealed an increasing trend in the number of new cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among both men (r = 0.47, p = 0.02) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0001) and of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in men (r = 0.77, p = 0.005) and women (r = 0.68 p = 0.02) in the WHB region over the last decade. Four hundred and fifty six male cases over the age of 15 years were identified and adequate occupational information was available for 74% of these. Standardised incidence ratios of testicular tumours 100, 938) and agriworkers other than farmers (SIR 377, 95% CI 103, 967). There were also significantly increased incidence ratios for both non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (SIR 169, 95% CI 124, 266) and three categories of leukaemias among farmers. Hodgkin's disease and acute myeloid leukaemias were significantly increased among semi-skilled people. Interview data with 90 cases and 54 controls of both sexes revealed that among farmers, cases (n = 31) were significantly less likely than controls (n = 20) to use tractor mounted spraying techniques (OR = 0.19 (95% CI 0.04, 0.80)) and less likely to wear protective masks (OR 0.22 (95% CI 0.05, 0.84)). CONCLUSIONS: Trends of increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and some leukaemias are consistent with studies elsewhere. The study provides further evidence of the relation between agricultural work and certain lymphoproliferative cancers. The possible carcinogenic role of chemicals used in agricultural industries must be considered as an explanation.  (+info)

(3/7118) Is hospital care involved in inequalities in coronary heart disease mortality? Results from the French WHO-MONICA Project in men aged 30-64.

OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess whether possible disparities in coronary heart disease (CHD) management between occupational categories (OC) in men might be observed and contribute to the increasing inequalities in CHD morbidity and mortality reported in France. METHODS: The data from the three registers of the French MONICA Collaborative Centres (MCC-Lille, MCC-Strasbourg, and MCC-Toulouse) were analysed during two period: 1985-87 and 1989-91. Acute myocardial infarctions and coronary deaths concerning men, aged 30-64 years, were included. Non-professionally active and retired men were excluded. Results were adjusted for age and MCC, using a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 605 and 695 events were analysed for 1985-87 and 1989-91, respectively. Out of hospital cardiac arrests, with or without cardiac resuscitation, and 28 day case fatality rates were lower among upper executives in both periods. A coronarography before the acute event had been performed more frequently in men of this category and the proportion of events that could be hospitalised was higher among them. In both periods, the management of acute myocardial infarctions in hospital and prescriptions on discharge were similar among occupational categories. CONCLUSIONS: For patients who could be admitted to hospital, the management was found to be similar among OCs, as was the 28 day case fatality rate among the hospitalised patients. In contrast, lower prognosis and higher probability of being hospitalised after the event among some categories suggest that pre-hospital care and the patient's conditions before the event are the primary factors involved.  (+info)

(4/7118) Socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population: the contribution of working conditions.

BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the impact of different categories of working conditions on the association between occupational class and self-reported health in the working population. METHODS: Data were collected through a postal survey conducted in 1991 among inhabitants of 18 municipalities in the southeastern Netherlands. Data concerned 4521 working men and 2411 working women and included current occupational class (seven classes), working conditions (physical working conditions, job control, job demands, social support at work), perceived general health (very good or good versus less than good) and demographic confounders. Data were analysed with logistic regression techniques. RESULTS: For both men and women we observed a higher odds ratio for a less than good perceived general health in the lower occupational classes (adjusted for confounders). The odds of a less than good perceived general health was larger among people reporting more hazardous physical working conditions, lower job control, lower social support at work and among those in the highest category of job demands. Results were similar for men and women. Men and women in the lower occupational classes reported more hazardous physical working conditions and lower job control as compared to those in higher occupational classes. High job demands were more often reported in the higher occupational classes, while social support at work was not clearly related to occupational class. When physical working conditions and job control were added simultaneously to a model with occupational class and confounders, the odds ratios for occupational classes were reduced substantially. For men, the per cent change in the odds ratios for the occupational classes ranged between 35% and 83%, and for women between 35% and 46%. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial part of the association between occupational class and a less than good perceived general health in the working population could be attributed to a differential distribution of hazardous physical working conditions and a low job control across occupational classes. This suggests that interventions aimed at improving these working conditions might result in a reduction of socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population.  (+info)

(5/7118) Socioeconomic inequalities and disability pension in middle-aged men.

BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively. With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease.  (+info)

(6/7118) Permanent work incapacity, mortality and survival without work incapacity among occupations and social classes: a cohort study of ageing men in Geneva.

BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the burden of disability and death in men, from middle age to age of retirement, among occupational groups and classes in Geneva. METHODS: Men were included if they resided in the Canton of Geneva, were 45 years of age in 1970-1972, and were not receiving a disability pension at the start of the follow-up. The cohort of 5137 men was followed up for 20 years and linked to national registers of disability pension allowance and of causes of death. RESULTS: There was a steep upward trend in incidence of permanent work incapacity with lower social class for all causes as well as for the seven causes of disability studied. Compared with professional occupations (social class I), the relative risk (RR) of permanent work incapacity was 11.4 for partly skilled and unskilled occupations (class IV+V) (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.2-28.0). The social class gradient in mortality was in the same direction as that in work incapacity although much less steep (RR class IV+V to class I = 1.6, 95% CI : 1.1-2.2). Survival without work incapacity at the time of the 65th birthday ranged from only 57% in construction workers and labourers to 89% in science and related professionals. Unemployment in Geneva was below 1.5% during almost all the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Medically-ascertained permanent work incapacity and survival without work incapacity have shown considerably greater socioeconomic differentials than the mortality differentials.  (+info)

(7/7118) SWORD '97: surveillance of work-related and occupational respiratory disease in the UK.

SWORD is one of seven clinically based reporting schemes which together now provide almost comprehensive coverage of occupational diseases across the UK. Although SWORD is now in its tenth year, participation rates remain high. Of an estimated 3,903 new cases seen this year, 1,031 (26%) were of occupational asthma, 978 (25%) of mesothelioma, 794 (20%) of non-malignant pleural disease, 336 (9%) of pneumoconiosis and 233 (6%) of inhalation accidents. Incidence rates of occupational asthma were generally highest among workers in the manufacture of wood products, textiles and food (particularly grain products and crustaceans) and additionally, in the production of precious and non-ferrous metals, rubber goods, detergents and perfumes, and in mining. Health care workers were noted to have a surprisingly high incidence of inhalation accidents. Occupational asthma attributed to latex has increased dramatically; the highest rates are among laboratory technicians, shoe workers and health care workers.  (+info)

(8/7118) Post-traumatic epilepsy: its complications and impact on occupational rehabilitation--an epidemiological study from India.

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of seizure disorder, neuropsychiatric disorders and reproductive outcome of employees with post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) and their effect on occupational rehabilitation. A case-comparison group study design was used to compare 30 subjects with PTE with (1) 129 non-PTE and (2) 55 non-PTE matched control employees. The 55 non-PTE matched controls were selected from the 129 non-PTE employees on the basis of age, age at onset of seizure, age at marriage and length of employment. The PTE group had a lower fertility rate than the controls and more neuropsychiatric disorders and seizure disability. PTE employees were more occupationally rehabilitated than non-PTE employees (p = 0.033). Of the 30 PTE subjects, thirteen who were rehabilitated by placement had more seizure disability (p = 0.007) and a higher fertility rate (p = 0.018). High prevalence of seizure disability and increased fertility rate among the placed PTE employees suggested that there might be some association between severity of seizures and increased production of live offspring and work placement. Work suitability or placement should not be judged on clinical assessment only but psychosocial seizure assessment, disability evaluation and other psychometric tests which are of equal importance.  (+info)


  • [ 8 ] Argyria also happens as an occupational disease in workers who prepare artificial pearls or who are employed in the cutting and polishing of silver (absorption of silver dust). (medscape.com)
  • Argyria has become a rare dermatosis, mainly because of the avoidance of silver-containing compounds as medicinals and a decrease in occupational exposure in the silver industry. (medscape.com)


  • Protective feature ought to be old by workers in the palm factories to conservationist off occupational exposure to silverish and its various chemical forms. (j6p.net)
  • It is important to delve into any past occupational history of metal exposure or use of dietary supplements containing silver. (symptoma.com)


  • Occupational danger - mainly in workers entangled in ribbon defence, decoration refinement, silverware and metal mixture manufacturing, bimetal films on inclose electroplating solutions, and photographic processing. (j6p.net)


  • The department is staffed by a full time John Hopkins University Occupational Medicine Resident who can provide personalized assistance on occupational health concerns. (iaff.org)