NorwayRats, Inbred BNPicea: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.ScandinaviaSvalbardArctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Seoul virus: A species of HANTAVIRUS causing a less severe form of HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME in Asia (primarily Korea and Japan). It is transmitted by rats, especially Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus.Reindeer: A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Somalia: Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.EuropeRegistries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Rats, Inbred F344IcelandSweden

*  Low faecal carrier rate of vancomycin resistant enterococci in Norwegian hospital patients. | Base documentaire | BDSP
... low level of VRE carriage corresponds to the limited use of glycopeptide antibiotics for human therapeutic purposes in Norway. ...
  http://www.bdsp.ehesp.fr/Base/181589/
*  Difference between revisions of "Stavanger" - Wikitravel
The urban area of Stavanger stretches across many neighboring municipalities, making it the third largest city in Norway by ... Stavanger is the fourth largest city of Norway with a population of 126 021 within city proper as of January 1, 2011. It is in ... Nor-Way Bussekspress [26] operates two routes from Stavanger: Kystbussen[27] runs to Bergen and stops in Haugesund. Departures ... in Norway. , as well as some services to minor cities and towns. Discounted domestic plane tickets are usually available at ...
  https://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Stavanger&diff=2079811&oldid=1981604
*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Y chromosomes of Norway
Geographical heterogeneity of Y-chromosomal lineages in Norway.. Dupuy BM, Stenersen M, Lu TT, Olaisen B.. Y-chromosomal ... Within Norway, geographical substructuring was observed between regions and counties. The substructuring reflects to some ... In northern Norway, the N3 percentage is 18.6% in Finnmark, 8.6% in Troms and 8.4% in Nordland (which are the three ...
  http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2005/12/y-chromosomes-of-norway.html?m=0
*  Sørum Sex Clubs, Swingers. Norges Swingers Par, Norway Klúbburinn Kynlíf Adult swinger clubs Akershus Norway Swingers
Norway He had to be close to cumming, she knew his rhythms well enough to know that the roughness of it all would send his cum ...
  http://norway.swingerseuroclub.com/akershus/sorum.html
*  Difference between revisions of "Stavanger" - Wikitravel
The urban area of Stavanger stretches across many neighboring municipalities, making it the third largest city in Norway by ... Stavanger is the fourth largest city of Norway with a population of 126 021 within city proper as of January 1, 2011. It is in ... Nor-Way Bussekspress [26] operates two routes from Stavanger: Kystbussen[27] runs to Bergen and stops in Haugesund. Departures ... Stavanger is the fourth largest city of Norway with a population of 126 021 within city proper as of January 1, 2011. It is in ...
  https://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Stavanger&diff=2218440&oldid=1802129
*  UNIVERSITETET I OSLO UNIVERSITY OF OSLO PUBLIKASJONSLISTE Vitenskapelige og faglige arbeider fra Fysisk institutt - PDF
COUNTRY REPORT- NORWAY COUNTRY REPORT- NORWAY EUFRIN BOARD - NOV. 2015 Mekjell Meland Nibio Ullensvang JULY 1, 2015 2 23.11. ... 1342 Jar Norway Trude Westby Nordmark Fossveien 23.b 0551 Oslo Norway EDUCATION: GROUP EXHIBITIONS: COMMISSIONS: Documentation ... Kjell Eriksson, Regional Manager Oil & Gas, Norway 02 Februar - Offshore Strategi Konferansen 2016, OIL & GAS A NEW REALITY DNV ... COMPILATION OF INPUT - OUTPUT TABLES IN NORWAY ARTIKLER FRA STATISTISK SENTRALBYRÅ NR. 139 REPRINT FROM LECTURE NOTES IN ...
  http://docplayer.me/2436691-Universitetet-i-oslo-university-of-oslo-publikasjonsliste-1988-vitenskapelige-og-faglige-arbeider-fra-fysisk-institutt.html
*  Norway
But as the world looks to cut its reliance on fossil fuels, Norway's government should also consider measures to prepare for a ... Norway's large hydropower generation is another valuable energy asset particularly at a time when European electricity markets ... Norway contributes to global energy security, while seeking to decarbonise its energy supply 30 May 2017 ... In order to meet its ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, this review finds that Norway needs to step up ...
  http://www.iea.org/countries/membercountries/norway/
*  Norway - OECD
OECD Reviews of Migrant Education - Norway Strong economic performance has attracted immigrants to Norway in recent years. Most ... OECD Reviews of Migrant Education - Norway Strong economic performance has attracted immigrants to Norway in recent years. Most ... OECD Thematic Review on Migrant Education - Country Background Report for Norway The focus of this report is on migrant ... Interview with Norway regarding their participation in the general skills strand of the AHELO Feasibility Study. ...
  http://www.oecd.org/education/bycountry/norway/3/
*  IEA - Norway
Home » Policies and Measures » PAMS » Norway. National Allocation Plan for the Emissions Trading Scheme 2008-2012 ... On 26 October 2007 the Joint Committee of the European Economic Area, comprising Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, agreed to ... which Norway entered as of 1 January 2008. The Norwegian emission trading scheme (ETS) will cover 35 - 40% of the greenhouse ...
  http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/norway/name-24169-en.php?s=dHlwZT1jYyZzdGF0dXM9T2s,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9jbGltYXRlY2hhbmdlLyI-Q2xpbWF0ZSBDaGFuZ2U8L2E-PC9uYXY-
*  IEA - Norway
Norway has adopted the RES Directive as part of the EEA agreement. Norway submitted its National Action Plan in June 2012. ... Norway 2020 renewable energy targets:. *Overall target: 67.5% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross ... The Green certificates scheme that Norway has implemented together with Sweden is the main measure to achieve the target. ... Home » Policies and Measures » PAMS » Norway. National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP). ...
  http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/norway/name-40161-en.php?s=dHlwZT1jYyZzdGF0dXM9T2s,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9jbGltYXRlY2hhbmdlLyI-Q2xpbWF0ZSBDaGFuZ2U8L2E-PC9uYXY-
*  IEA - Norway
In 1995, a pilot project with four energy utilities participating in three regions was completed which aimed at developing a more simplified and informative electricity bill for household consumers. The goal was to give customers a better understanding of both energy efficiency and a liberalised electricity market. Customers participating in the pilot project receive frequent electricity bills based on actual electricity consumption. The bills included a graphical, temperature related figure which enabled the customers to compare their use of energy over time. Information regarding energy efficiency measures, the possibility of changing suppliers and information on tariffs was included in the bill. A similar project carried out by the Nordic Council showed an energy saving potential of 5-10%. From 1 June 1999, all utilities are required to send their customers a simplified electricity bill. Electricity bills are now sent to every customer quarterly, or even more frequently, and are based on ...
  http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/norway/name-22201-en.php?s=dHlwZT1lZSZzdGF0dXM9T2s,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9lbmVyZ3llZmZpY2llbmN5LyI-RW5lcmd5IEVmZmljaWVuY3k8L2E-PC9uYXY-
*  1760 in Norway - Wikipedia
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1760_in_Norway&oldid=807674948" ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1760_in_Norway
*  North Cape (Norway) - Wikipedia
"Innovation Norway. Retrieved November 1, 2017.. *^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Nordkapp fjell" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013- ... Finnmark, Norway. Coordinates. 71°10′21″N 25°47′04″E / 71.17250°N 25.78444°E / 71.17250; 25.78444Coordinates: 71°10′21″N 25° ... The government of Norway demanded in 2011 a reduction of the admission fee to the plateau. At the time, an adult ticket cost ... The cape is in Nordkapp Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The European route E69 highway has its northern terminus at ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Cape,_Norway
*  PetroChallenge Norway 2010
... * 1.  You are an exploration team in charge of a new petroleum province.  Multidisciplinary ... just like in Norway in real life, the responsibility of a company to commit to a well drilling programme, to ensure that the ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/MeghanClark/petrochallenge-norway-2010-5646383
*  Hornsjø. DRH-Norway - English
... skrev en rekke nyhetsartikler om skolen DRH-Norway One World Institute (DRH) på Hornsjø Høyfjellshotell etter … ... DRH-Norway * 1. Now I Enroll Myself En presentasjon av Hornsjø-saken. ... Juryen sier følgendene: «Drapet på rektoren ved skolen DRH-Norway One World Institute skulle bli starten på en artikkelserie ... 2. Klare konsekvenser • Etter pålegg fra Arbeidstilsynet fikk elevene på DRH-Norway One World Institute i januar 2013 ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/heftoy/hornsj-drhnorway
*  Norway
... is open for applications of new Training Partners. There is currently one Training Partner certified and none in the ... The current GRI Certified Training Partners for Norway are listed below. If you are interested in attending the Certified ...
  https://www.globalreporting.org/services/preparation/certified-training-partners/Pages/Norway.aspx
*  Norway - Wikitravel
In the beginning of the 14th century, Norway and Sweden were unified as the Norwegian king was also elected king of Sweden. At ... The petty viking kingdoms of Norway were unified in 872 AD by Harald Hairfair. In the following period, Norwegians settled in ... Middle Norway with the ancient city of Trondheim Northern Norway also with great fjords, the midnight sun, the ancient Sami ... Norway is an expensive country. While it is possible to travel in Norway on a limited budget, some care must be taken. Because ...
  https://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Norway&oldid=1988504
*  Music of Norway - Wikipedia
Culture of Norway. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g "Norway cultural profile". Embassy of Norway in the United Kingdom and ... As dialects in Norway vary extensively, the music is distinct to regions and areas throughout Norway. Hellbillies is one of ... Norway is famous for black metal. Though not initially created in Norway, Norwegian bands and musicians have helped to develop ... Norway Cultural Profile - national cultural portal for Norway in English. *NRK Folkemusikk - live feed from 24-hour folk music ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_black_metal
*  Accenture | SAS Norway
Accenture and SAS enable organizations to use analytics to seize growth opportunities, get precise answers to complex problems and speed innovation.
  https://www.sas.com/no_no/partners/find-a-partner/alliance-partners/accenture.html
*  Rational DOORS - Purchase - Norway
IBM requirements management solution helps you capture, trace, analyze and manage systems and advanced IT application development.
  https://www.ibm.com/no-en/marketplace/requirements-management/purchase
*  Site Map - Norway - TripAdvisor
Olderdalen, Norway Hotel Deals-Sorum Municipality, Norway Hotel Deals. *Sorumsand, Norway Hotel Deals-Western Norway, Norway ... Kolvereid, Norway Hotel Deals-Olden, Norway Hotel Deals. * ... A i Lofoten, Norway-Fjellstrand, Norway. *Fla, Norway-Kolbotn, ... Fla, Norway Hotel Deals-Kolbotn, Norway Hotel Deals. * ... Norway Hotels with Hot Tubs. *Norway Hotels with Smoking Rooms ... A i Lofoten, Norway Hotel Deals-Fjellstrand, Norway Hotel Deals. * ...
  https://www.tripadvisor.com/SiteIndex-g190455-Norway.html
*  Norway name meaning
Parenting / Baby Names / N / Boy / Norway Norway. The name Norway is a baby boy name.. Meaning. Shakespearean Meaning: The name ... In Shakespearean the meaning of the name Norway is: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark' Fortinbras, Prince of Norway. ...
  http://www.sheknows.com/baby-names/name/norway
*  Category:Buddhism in Norway - Wikipedia
Pages in category "Buddhism in Norway". The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. This list may not reflect ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Buddhism_in_Norway&oldid=573836493" ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Buddhism_in_Norway

Hospital of Southern Norway: [[Sørlandet Hospital Arendal, seen from the north.|thumb|200px]]AstringinGuksiTemplet (Svalbard): Templet is a mountain north of Sassenfjorden, at the south side of Bünsow Land at Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Its height is 766 metre.Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseSeoul virus: Seoul virus (SEOV) is a species of hantavirus that can cause a form of hemorrhagic fever.The White ReindeerEuropean Community Reference Laboratory for Fish Diseases: The European Community Reference Laboratory for Fish DiseasesCommunity Reference Laboratory for Fish Diseases is located in Frederiksberg in Denmark at the National Veterinary Institute (a part of Technical University of Denmark).Transport in Somalia: Transport in Somalia refers to the transportation networks and modes of transport in effect in Somalia. They include highways, airports and seaports, in addition to various forms of public and private vehicular, maritime and aerial transportation.GA²LENDisease registry: Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals. Registries are different from indexes in that they contain more extensive data.Iceland–Russia relationsClimate change in Sweden: The issue of climate change has received significant public and political attention in Sweden and the mitigation of its effects has been high on the agenda of the two latest Governments of Sweden, the previous Cabinet of Göran Persson (-2006) and the current Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006-). Sweden aims for an energy supply system with zero net atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

(1/3226) Reproductive factors and fatal hip fractures. A Norwegian prospective study of 63,000 women.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of reproductive variables (age at menarche, menopause, first and last birth as well as parity, lactation, and abortions) on hip fracture mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective study in Norway with more than 60,000 women followed up for 29 years. A total of 465 deaths as a result of hip fracture were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Statistically significant linear relations (p < or = 0.02) were found between both age at menarche and length of reproductive period (defined as age at menopause to age at menarche) and the mortality of hip fractures in women aged less than 80. The death rate for women with a late menarche (> or = 17 years) was twice that of the women with relatively early menarche (< or = 13 years). Compared with women with less than 30 years between menopause and menarche, the mortality rate ratio in women with more than 38 reproductive years was 0.5. We also found an inverse relation with age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports by hypothesis that an early menarche and a long reproductive period protect against hip fracture mortality. High age at first birth may also be protective.  (+info)

(2/3226) Exposure to nitrogen dioxide and the occurrence of bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years.

BACKGROUND: The objective of the investigation was to test the hypothesis that exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has a causal influence on the occurrence of bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years of age. METHODS: A nested case-control study with 153 one-to-one matched pairs was conducted within a cohort of 3754 children born in Oslo in 1992/93. Cases were children who developed > or = 2 episodes of bronchial obstruction or one episode lasting >4 weeks. Controls were matched for date of birth. Exposure measurements were performed in the same 14-day period within matched pairs. The NO2 exposure was measured with personal samplers carried close to each child and by stationary samplers outdoors and indoors. RESULTS: Few children (4.6%) were exposed to levels of NO2 > or = 30 microg/m3 (average concentration during a 14-day period). In the 153 matched pairs, the mean level of NO2 was 15.65 microg/m3 (+/-0.60, SE) among cases and 15.37 (+/-0.54) among controls (paired t = 0.38, P = 0.71). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that NO2 exposure at levels observed in this study has no detectable effect on the risk of developing bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years of age.  (+info)

(3/3226) Salmonella infections in Norway: descriptive epidemiology and a case-control study.

The epidemiological progression of human salmonellosis in Norway is parallel to trends noted elsewhere in Europe. During the past two decades, the number of reported cases has increased steadily, with a special sharp rise in the early 1980s due to the emergence of Salmonella enteritidis, followed by a levelling off in recent years. However, in contrast to the situation in most other European countries, about 90% of the cases from whom a travel history is available, have acquired their infection abroad. The incidence of indigenous salmonella infections as well as the prevalence of the microorganism in the domestic food chain, are both comparatively low. In 1993-4, a national case-control study of sporadic indigenous salmonella infections was conducted to identify preventable risk factors and guide preventive efforts. Ninety-four case patients and 226 matched population controls were enrolled. The study failed to demonstrate any statistically significant association between salmonellosis and consumption of domestically produced red meat, poultry or eggs. The only factor which remained independently associated with an increased risk in conditional logistic regression analysis, was consumption of poultry purchased abroad during holiday visits to neighbouring countries. A separate analysis of Salmonella typhimurium infections incriminated food from catering establishments and foreign travel among household members, in addition to imported poultry.  (+info)

(4/3226) Homozygosity mapping to the USH2A locus in two isolated populations.

Usher syndrome is a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterised by progressive visual loss from retinitis pigmentosa and moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss. Usher syndrome is estimated to account for 6-10% of all congenital sensorineural hearing loss. A gene locus in Usher type II (USH2) families has been assigned to a small region on chromosome 1q41 called the UHS2A locus. We have investigated two families with Usher syndrome from different isolated populations. One family is a Norwegian Saami family and the second family is from the Cayman Islands. They both come from relatively isolated populations and are inbred families suitable for linkage analysis. A lod score of 3.09 and 7.65 at zero recombination was reached respectively in the two families with two point linkage analysis to the USH2A locus on 1q41. Additional homozygosity mapping of the affected subjects concluded with a candidate region of 6.1 Mb. This region spans the previously published candidate region in USH2A. Our study emphasises that the mapped gene for USH2 is also involved in patients from other populations and will have implications for future mutation analysis once the USH2A gene is cloned.  (+info)

(5/3226) Exhaled and nasal NO levels in allergic rhinitis: relation to sensitization, pollen season and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.

Exhaled nitric oxide is a potential marker of lower airway inflammation. Allergic rhinitis is associated with asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. To determine whether or not nasal and exhaled NO concentrations are increased in allergic rhinitis and to assess the relation between hyperresponsiveness and exhaled NO, 46 rhinitic and 12 control subjects, all nonasthmatic nonsmokers without upper respiratory tract infection, were randomly selected from a large-scale epidemiological survey in Central Norway. All were investigated with flow-volume spirometry, methacholine provocation test, allergy testing and measurement of nasal and exhaled NO concentration in the nonpollen season. Eighteen rhinitic subjects completed an identical follow-up investigation during the following pollen season. Exhaled NO was significantly elevated in allergic rhinitis in the nonpollen season, especially in perennially sensitized subjects, as compared with controls (p=0.01), and increased further in the pollen season (p=0.04), mainly due to a two-fold increase in those with seasonal sensitization. Nasal NO was not significantly different from controls in the nonpollen season and did not increase significantly in the pollen season. Exhaled NO was increased in hyperresponsive subjects, and decreased significantly after methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction, suggesting that NO production occurs in the peripheral airways. In allergic rhinitis, an increase in exhaled nitric oxide on allergen exposure, particularly in hyperresponsive subjects, may be suggestive of airway inflammation and an increased risk for developing asthma.  (+info)

(6/3226) Quality of life in head and neck cancer patients: validation of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-H&N35.

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to define the scales and test the validity, reliability, and sensitivity of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ)-H&N35, a questionnaire designed to assess the quality of life of head and neck (H&N) cancer patients in conjunction with the general cancer-specific EORTC QLQ-C30. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were given to 500 H&N cancer patients from Norway, Sweden, and the Netherlands as part of two prospective studies. The patients completed the questionnaires before, during (Norway and Sweden only), and after treatment, yielding a total of 2070 completed questionnaires. RESULTS: The compliance rate was high, and the questionnaires were well accepted by the patients. Seven scales were constructed (pain, swallowing, senses, speech, social eating, social contact, sexuality). Scales and single items were sensitive to differences between patient subgroups with relation to site, stage, or performance status. Most scales and single items were sensitive to changes, with differences of various magnitudes according to the site in question. The internal consistency, as assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, varied according to assessment point and within subsamples of patients. A low overall alpha value was found for the speech and the senses scales, but values were higher in assessments of patients with laryngeal cancer and in patients with nose, sinus, and salivary gland tumors. Scales and single items in the QLQ-H&N35 seem to be more sensitive to differences between groups and changes over time than do the scales and single items in the core questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The QLQ-H&N35, in conjunction with the QLQ-C30, provides a valuable tool for the assessment of health-related quality of life in clinical studies of H&N cancer patients before, during, and after treatment with radiotherapy, surgery, or chemotherapy.  (+info)

(7/3226) Reduced health-related quality of life among Hodgkin's disease survivors: a comparative study with general population norms.

BACKGROUND: Late complications after curative treatment of Hodgkin's disease are of special relevance because most of the cured are young adults. The aims of the present study were: (1) to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Hodgkin's disease (HD) survivors with normative data from the general Norwegian population and (2) to examine the relations between disease/treatment characteristics and HRQOL in the HD survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 459 HD survivors aged 19-74 years (mean 44.0, SD 11.8) treated at the Norwegian Radium Hospital 1971-1991 were approached in 1994 and compared to norms from 2214 subjects approached in 1996. The norms are representative of the general Norwegian population. HRQOL was assessed by the Short Form 36 (SF-36), which measures HRQOL in eight separate scales (0 = worst health state, 100 = best health state). RESULTS: The HD survivors had lower scores than the normal controls on all scales after adjustment for age, gender and educational levels. Statistically significant differences (P < 0.01) were found in general health (10.4), physical functioning (6.1), role limitations (physical, 9.3), physical functioning (3.6) and in vitality (4.7). Patients with disease stage IB-IIB had the lowest scores on all scales. The differences in relation to stage/substage reached statistical significance (P < 0.01) in physical functioning and in role limitations (physical). Time since diagnosis, types of primary treatment or having relapsed were not associated with statistically significant differences in HRQOL. CONCLUSION: Long-term HD survivors have poorer HRQOL, primarily in physical health, than the general Norwegian population.  (+info)

(8/3226) Relative virulence of three isolates of Piscirickettsia salmonis for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch.

Piscirickettsia salmonis was first recognized as the cause of mortality among pen-reared coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch in Chile. Since the initial isolation of this intracellular Gram-negative bacterium in 1989, similar organisms have been described from several areas of the world, but the associated outbreaks were not reported to be as serious as those that occurred in Chile. To determine if this was due to differences in virulence among isolates of P. salmonis, we conducted an experiment comparing isolates from Chile, British Columbia, Canada, and Norway (LF-89, ATL-4-91 and NOR-92, respectively). For each of the isolates, 3 replicates of 30 coho salmon were injected intraperitoneally with each of 3 concentrations of the bacterium. Negative control fish were injected with MEM-10. Mortalities were collected daily for 41 d post-injection. Piscirickettsiosis was observed in fish injected with each of the 3 isolates, and for each isolate, cumulative mortality was directly related to the concentration of bacterial cells administered. The LF-89 isolate was the most virulent, with losses reaching 97% in the 3 replicates injected with 10(5.0) TCID50, 91% in the replicates injected with 10(4.0) TCID50, and 57% in the fish injected with 10(3.0) TCID50. The ATL-4-91 isolate caused losses of 92% in the 3 replicates injected with 10(5.0) TCID50, 76% in the fish injected with 10(4.0) TCID50, and 32% in those injected with 10(3.0) TCID50. The NOR-92 isolate was the least virulent, causing 41% mortality in the replicates injected with 10(4.6) TCID50. At 41 d post-injection, 6% of the fish injected with 10(3.6) TCID50 NOR-92 had died. Mortality was only 2% in the fish injected with 10(2.6) TCID50 NOR-92, which was the same as the negative control group. Because the group injected with the highest concentration (10(4.6) TCID50) of NOR-92 was still experiencing mortality at 41 d, it was held for an additional 46 d. At 87 d post-injection, the cumulative mortality in this group had reached 70%. These differences in virulence among the isolates were statistically significant (p < 0.0001), and are important for the management of affected stocks of fish.  (+info)



  • Sami
  • The indigenous Sami people traditionally inhabit the northern part of Norway, that along with parts of Sweden, Finland and Russia outlines an area known as Sapmi (or Sameland ). (wikitravel.org)
  • Northern Sami: Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign state and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oslo
  • The record of cycling from the northern to the southern end of Norway, North Cape to Lindesnes , is 4 days, 22 hours and 18 minutes, performed by a group of five men from Rye in Oslo, in July 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iceland
  • On 26 October 2007 the Joint Committee of the European Economic Area, comprising Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, agreed to incorporate the Emissions Trading Directive 2003/87/EC and a number of implementing provisions into the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA). (iea.org)
  • The EEA EFTA States of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway have participated in the EU ETS since 2008. (iea.org)
  • Policy
  • And at the same time, as a global advocate for climate change mitigation, Norway is committed to environmental sustainability and climate policy. (iea.org)
  • Britain
  • Although neutrality remained the highest priority until the invasion was a fait accompli , it was known throughout the government that Norway, above all, did not want to be at war with Britain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Anglo-Saxons of Britain also referred to the kingdom of Norway in 880 as Norðmanna land. (wikipedia.org)
  • increasingly
  • Norway managed to negotiate favourable trade treaties both with the United Kingdom and Germany under these conditions, but it became increasingly clear that both countries had a strategic interest in denying the other access to Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • county
  • Norway is a census-designated place (CDP) in Union Township, White County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. (wikipedia.org)
  • Norway's Southern boundary is also the Northern boundary of Monticello, the more populated county seat and just west of Norway there is the golf course and hotel resort, Pine View. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally
  • There is some disagreement about whether the native name of Norway originally had the same etymology as the English form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Norway was originally called Mt. Walleston, and under the latter name was laid out in 1845. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of 5,258,317 (as of January 2017). (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the small area and population, the central location of Norway and the convenience of the Norway Bridge river crossing (connecting the more populated West Shafer and East Shafer Drives) have allowed for the continued presence and success of several restaurants and other small businesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • Strong economic performance has attracted immigrants to Norway in recent years. (oecd.org)
  • Early settlements on the main island date back 10,000 years, making it one of the oldest places of inhabitance in Northern Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • name
  • The name Norway is a baby boy name . (sheknows.com)
  • The English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", which is how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of atlantic Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large share of the early settlers being natives of Norway caused the present name to be selected. (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • Several of the worlds greatest waterfalls are in Norway, particularly in the western fjords and the mountain region. (wikitravel.org)
  • countries
  • In the last half of the 20th century, Norway, like many other countries in the world, underwent a roots revival that saw indigenous music being revived. (wikipedia.org)
  • economic
  • In the later part of the 19th century, Norway experienced economic growth leading to greater industrialization and urbanization. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • Much has been learned about early music in Norway from physical artifacts found during archaeological digs. (wikipedia.org)
  • taken
  • These organizations still exist, but not their respective "service offices", whose tasks were taken over by Finance Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • review
  • In order to meet its ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, this review finds that Norway needs to step up efforts at home. (iea.org)
  • education
  • Its schools include the folk high school, which offers courses linked to Fjord horses and provides the only circus education in Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • report
  • Norway ranks first on the World Happiness Report, the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, and the Democracy Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • improve
  • This will also improve electricity security in Norway in times of low hydropower availability. (iea.org)
  • highest
  • Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position also held previously between 2001 and 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, the party breakdown is as follows: In the 2007 municipal elections, Leka had the highest vote for the Centre Party in Norway, at 69.3 per cent. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • The vast majority of the land is a rocky wilderness, and thus Norway has large, completely unpopulated areas, many of which have been converted to national parks. (wikitravel.org)