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The three Nobel Laureates have discovered the molecular principles that govern how the machinery regulating vesicle traffic ... The 2013 Nobel Prize honors Dr. James E. Rothman, Dr. Randy W. Schekman and Dr. Thomas C. Südhof who have solved the mystery of ... The 2013 Nobel Prize honors Dr. James E. Rothman, Dr. Randy W. Schekman and Dr. Thomas C. Südhof who have solved the mystery of ... 2013 Nobel Prize in Medicine Awarded for Vesicle Transport System Regulation Research ...

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*  2013 Nobel Prize In Chemistry Winners - Business Insider

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*  Nobel Prizes and an Astronaut Mourned - The New York Times

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*  Recent Articles | Nobel Prize, Neuroscience And Evolution | The Scientist Magazine®

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The 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has today been jointly awarded to Shinya Yamanaka of Japan and John Gurdon of ... The 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has today been jointly awarded to Shinya Yamanaka of Japan and John Gurdon of ... According to the Nobel Prize, the two scientists have revolutionised our understanding of how cells and organisms develop for ... Nobel Prize in medicine awarded jointly to stem cell scientists. by Carmel Doyle ...

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*  Anti-nuclear campaign ICAN wins 2017 Nobel Peace Prize - Times Of Oman

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(1/112) Burnet Oration: living in the Burnet lineage.

Scientific discoveries are not made in isolation. Innovation depends on resources, both intellectual and physical. A primary requirement is the development and maintenance of appropriate institutions. Such structures do not emerge by chance, but arise from opportunity, political will and the continued efforts and commitment of many people over long periods. Suitable buildings, laboratories and state-of-the-art equipment are obviously necessary, but hardware alone is of little value in the absence of a vibrant research culture. The key characteristics of the latter are intellectual foment, open debate and a body of wisdom and knowledge about the particular subject area. Rolf Zinkernagel and 1 played a part in triggering a paradigm shift in the understanding of T cell recognition, a contribution recognized by the 1996 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. In our Nobel lectures, we both discussed briefly why it was that the John Curtin School of Medical Research (JCSMR) of 1973-75 provided a milieu that facilitated the emergence of the underlying experiments and ideas. My intention here is to discuss in more detail the scientific lineages that put this physical and intellectual environment in place, focusing particularly on the influence of Sir Frank Macfarlane (Sir Mac) Burnet as we celebrate his centenary year.  (+info)

(2/112) Skeletal muscle adaptation to exercise: a century of progress.

Skeletal muscle physiology and biochemistry is an established field with Nobel Prize-winning scientists, dating back to the 1920s. Not until the mid to late 1960s did there appear a major focus on physiological and biochemical training adaptations in skeletal muscle. The study of adaptations to exercise training reveals a wide range of integrative approaches, from the systemic to the molecular level. Advances in our understanding of training adaptations have come in waves caused by the introduction of new experimental approaches. Research has revealed that exercise can be effective at preventing and/or treating some of the most common chronic diseases of the latter half of the 20th century. Endurance-trained muscle is more effective at clearing plasma triglyceride, glucose, and free fatty acids. However, at the present time, most of the mechanisms underlying the adaptation of human skeletal muscle to exercise still remain to be discovered. Little is known about the regulatory factors (e.g., trans-acting proteins or signaling pathways) directly modulating the expression of exercise-responsive genes. Because so many potential physiological and biochemical signals change during exercise, it will be an important challenge in the next century to move beyond "correlational studies" and to identify responsible mechanisms. Skeletal muscle metabolic adaptations may prove to be a critical component to preventing diseases such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Therefore, training studies have had an impact on setting the stage for a potential "preventive medicine reformation" in a society needing a return to a naturally active lifestyle of our ancestors.  (+info)

(3/112) The noble enigma: Chagas' nominations for the Nobel prize.

Carlos Chagas, a Brazilian physician, discovered the American trypanosomiasis in 1909. Like other remarkable discoveries of those days, his work helped to articulate the insect-vector theory and other theoretical guidelines in tropical medicine. Unlike all other discoveries, all the stages of this work were accomplished in a few months and by a single man. Chagas' discovery was widely recognized at home and abroad. He was twice nominated for the Nobel Prize - in 1913 and in 1921-, but never received the award. Evidence suggests that the reasons for this failure are related to the violent opposition that Chagas faced in Brazil. The contentions towards Chagas were related to a rejection of the meritocratic procedures that gave him prominence, as well as to local petty politics.  (+info)

(4/112) Nitric oxide: a unique endogenous signaling molecule in vascular biology.

The properties of nitric oxide as an endogenous cell signaling molecule in vascular biology are described.  (+info)

(5/112) Portraits of science. Mosquitoes bite more than once.

Ronald Ross discovered that the plasmodium parasite--'Laveran's germ'--was transmitted by anopheline mosquitoes to human beings to cause malaria. This discovery won him a Nobel Prize in 1902, but the route to this success was by no means clear. He was an indifferent student, he liked to write novels and poems and only just managed to gain a medical qualification. Fortuitously he was mediocre enough to enter the least prestigious section of the Indian Medical Service, which put him directly in contact with the parasites that were to become his passion. Despite honours being showered on him, life after the Prize also was not straightforward, he was irrascible and his innovative mathematical and economic approaches to disease control were overlooked.  (+info)

(6/112) Portrait of Science. Scientist, technologist, proto-feminist, superstar.

Although Marie Curie is known primarily for her discovery of radium, her true gift to science was her realization that radioactivity is an intrinsic atomic property of matter rather than the result of chemical processes. She was one of the few Nobel laureates to win the prize twice (physics and chemistry). During her career and as one of the first prominent women scientists, she became increasingly aware of the need for funding for research and of the scientific freedom that money can bring. By nature shy and reserved, Marie's fame, as both a scientist and as an exemplar of a liberated professional woman of the roaring twenties, grew to superstar proportions.  (+info)

(7/112) From the philosophy auditorium to the neurophysiology laboratory and back: from Bergson to Damasio.

Henri Bergson (1859-1941) was probably the most influential French philosopher at the turn of the twentieth century. In 1927 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. Far beyond the restricted academic philosophical milieu, the impact of his thinking reached personalities as diverse as Claude Debussy, Marcel Proust, George Bemard Shaw, and the impressionists. His essay The Laughter (Le Rire) is one of the most profound and original ever written on the sense of humor. Bergson's opinions, with their emphasis on life, instinct and intuition, represented a deviation from the rationalist mainstream of western philosophical tradition. In some circles he was received with skepticism and irony, as in Bertrand Russel's History of Western Philosophy. Today, unbiased by theoretical "bergsonism," neurophysiologic research--as undertaken mainly by Antonio Damasio's team at Iowa University--confirms many of his hypotheses and elucidates their mechanisms. In this new light, intuition and "recognition by the body" should not be seen as the personal fantasy of an original thinker but as fundamental cognitive tools.  (+info)

(8/112) Interview with Dr Joseph Murray (by Francis L Delmonico).

The Editors asked Dr Delmonico to interview Dr Joseph Murray, winner of the Nobel prize in Medicine 1990 for performing the first successful renal transplant, to record recollections of the issues of the 1950s, when clinical transplantation was born, on Dr Murray's medical career in transplantation, and on some contemporary issues.  (+info)



year's

  • Two Americans and a Swede who spent their scientific careers tracing the workings of the human brain have won this year's Nobel Prize in medicine. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Israeli scientist Daniel Shechtman was awarded the Nobel Chemistry Prize for his 1982 discovery of quasicrystals Wednesday, bringing an end to this year's round of science awards. (france24.com)
  • The Nobel Prize in chemistry announcement capped this year's science awards. (france24.com)
  • It was the first of this year's Nobel Prizes, with five more awards to be announced by next Monday. (heraldnet.com)
  • Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan features in the list of probables for this year's Nobel Prize in Economics, The Wall Street Journal has reported. (ndtv.com)
  • This year's winner was picked from 231 different nominations, 43 for organizations and the rest for individuals, the five-member Norwegian Nobel Committee said. (wtvr.com)
  • Last year's peace prize came as a surprise to many observers, split as it was among three women: Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and grassroots activist Leymah Gbowee, and Yemeni media freedom campaigner Tawakkul Karman, a symbol of the Arab Spring. (wtvr.com)
  • The prize for excellence in the field of economics will be announced on Monday in Stockholm, Sweden, wrapping up this year's awards. (wtvr.com)
  • Just be thankful you won't be around when the universe is ending - according to the winners of this year's Nobel Prize in physics the end will be freezing and very, very dark and dominated by "black skies unbroken by the light of galaxies. (scienceline.org)

Stockholm's Karolinska Institute

  • The Nobel Assembly at Stockholm's Karolinska Institute, which awards the prize, said the scientists' 'discoveries have been crucial for an understanding of the normal function of the brain and how disturbances in this signal transduction [or transfer of genetic material from one cell to another] can give rise to neurological and psychiatric diseases. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Their findings have revolutionized our understanding of how cells and organisms develop," the Nobel committee at Stockholm's Karolinska Institute said in announcing the 8 million kronor ($1.2 million) award. (heraldnet.com)

Physiology

  • Researchers at Yale, Berkeley and Stanford shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their elucidation of the complex system by which molecules are moved around inside cells to allow the cells to accomplish their functions. (nytimes.com)
  • The Nobel Assembly Monday awarded the prize for physiology or medicine to Sir John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka jointly for their discovery that stem cells can be made of mature cells and need not necessarily be taken from fetuses or embryos. (wtvr.com)
  • Shinya Yamanaka , MD, PhD, and John Gurdon, PhD, are in Stockholm this week to receive the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries that led to the development of induced pluripotent stem cells. (ucsf.edu)
  • STANFORD (BCN) - Stanford University Professor of Pathology and Genetics Andrew Fire won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine today for discovering a mechanism that turns off, or silences, the effect of certain genes, thereby introducing potential new opportunities for fighting diseases as varied as cancer, heart disease, HIV and hepatitis. (fogcityjournal.com)

Chemistry

  • Many people will never have heard of cryo-electron microscopy before the announcement that Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson had won the 2017 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work developing this technology. (electrochem.org)
  • The work opened a new branch in chemistry with unbound possibilities, earning the scientists the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry . (electrochem.org)
  • AP - Israeli scientist Daniel Shechtman won the 2011 Nobel Prize in chemistry on Wednesday for his discovery of quasicrystals, a chemical structure that researchers previously thought was impossible. (france24.com)
  • And the prize for Chemistry went to researchers at the University of Strasbourg in France, Stanford and the University of Southern California for creating computer simulations to study complex molecular reactions like photosynthesis. (nytimes.com)
  • The Peace Prize is the fifth Nobel Prize to be awarded this week, preceded by honors in medicine, physics, chemistry and literature. (wtvr.com)
  • Two American scientists, Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka, won the Nobel Prize in chemistry Wednesday for their work revealing protein receptors in cell membranes that tell the cells what is going on in and around the human body. (wtvr.com)

Winners

  • He is one of the six economists on the list of probable winners compiled by Clarivate Analytics, a company that does academic and scientific research and maintains a list of dozens of possible Nobel Prize winners based on research citations. (ndtv.com)
  • Supernova, like this one, helped the nobel prize winners discover the acceleration of the universe. (scienceline.org)

Stockholm

  • STOCKHOLM - Robert Edwards of Britain won the 2010 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for developing in-vitro fertilization, a controversial breakthrough that ignited sharp criticism from religious leaders but helped millions of infertile couples in the last three decades have children. (foxnews.com)
  • Edwards') achievements have made it possible to treat infertility, a medical condition afflicting a large proportion of humanity, including more than 10 percent of all couples worldwide,' the medicine prize committee in Stockholm said in its citation. (foxnews.com)
  • STOCKHOLM - Two scientists from different generations won the Nobel Prize in medicine Monday for the groundbreaking discovery that cells in the body can be reprogrammed to become completely different kinds, potentially opening the door to growing customized tissues for treatments. (heraldnet.com)
  • This week, Yamanaka and Gurdon are joining other laureates in delivering their Nobel Lectures in Stockholm ahead of the award ceremony. (ucsf.edu)
  • The scientists will receive their Nobel diploma and medal at a grand ceremony on Monday, Dec. 10, at the Stockholm Concert Hall at 7:30 p.m. local time. (ucsf.edu)
  • Their discovery clarified many confusing and contradictory experimental observations and revealed a natural mechanism for controlling the flow of genetic information,' the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, wrote in today's announcement. (fogcityjournal.com)

laureate

  • Dr. Carlsson is the first Swedish Nobel laureate since 1982. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The youngest Nobel Peace Prize Laureate is Mairead Corrigan, who was 32 years old when she was awarded the Peace Prize in 1976. (wtvr.com)

physics

  • U.S.-born scientists Saul Perlmutter, Brian Schmidt and Adam Riess won the physics prize on Tuesday for discovering that the universe is expanding at an accelerating pace. (france24.com)
  • The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Peter W. Higgs of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland and François Englert of the Université Libre de Bruxelles in Belgium for their theory, first put forth in 1964, that there is a particle that confers mass to other particles. (nytimes.com)
  • In 2010, the Nobel Prize in physics went to two researchers whose discoveries were also published six years earlier. (heraldnet.com)
  • On Tuesday, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences bestowed Nobel honors in physics on Serge Haroche of France and David Wineland of the United States for their work in quantum optics that allowed scientists to observe the workings of atoms without disturbing their properties. (wtvr.com)

Norwegian Nobel Com

  • CNN) - The Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo awarded the Nobel Peace Prize Friday to the European Union for peaceful reconciliation after World War II between former foes Germany and France, and for spreading democracy and human rights through Europe. (wtvr.com)
  • In the inter-war years, the Norwegian Nobel Committee made several awards to persons who were seeking reconciliation between Germany and France. (wtvr.com)
  • He has also contributed to the development of important international conventions on children's rights," the Norwegian Nobel Committee said. (medindia.net)

Yamanaka

  • Yamanaka is the first Japanese scientist to win the Nobel medicine award since 1987. (heraldnet.com)
  • Choosing Yamanaka as a Nobel winner just six years after his discovery was unusual. (heraldnet.com)
  • The Nobel Lectures of Shinya Yamanaka and John Gurdon will stream live on Friday, Dec. 7, and the Nobel Awards Ceremony will air on Monday, Dec. 10. (ucsf.edu)
  • Yamanaka is the fourth UCSF-affiliated scientist to win a Nobel Prize. (ucsf.edu)

1901

  • Ms. Munro is only the thirteenth woman to win the prize since its inception in 1901. (wsj.com)
  • The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 93 times since 1901 to 99 individuals and 24 organizations, according to the Nobel Prize website. (wtvr.com)

Proteins

  • The importance of understanding these widely distributed channel proteins was underscored by the Nobel awards this year. (innovations-report.com)

committee

  • Prize committee secretary Goran Hansson said Edwards was not in good health Monday when the committee tried to reach him. (foxnews.com)
  • Gurdon said he first thought someone was "pulling my leg" when he got the call from the Nobel committee. (heraldnet.com)
  • Prize committee member Juleen Zierath said Gurdon and Yamanaka's discoveries, which also earned them a Lasker award for basic research in 2009, could hold "immense potential," including in developing treatments for Parkinson's disease and in making cells that produce insulin. (heraldnet.com)
  • The Nobel Committee also regards it as an important point for a Hindu and a Muslim, an Indian and a Pakistani, to join in a common struggle for education and against extremism. (medindia.net)
  • The Nobel Committee announced in October that the pair won the award "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent. (ucsf.edu)

researchers

  • Immune system researchers Bruce Beutler of the U.S. and Frenchman Jules Hoffmann shared the medicine prize Monday with Canadian-born Ralph Steinman, who died three days before the announcement. (france24.com)

medicine

  • One of its creators, Robert G. Edwards, won the Nobel Prize for medicine on Monday. (cnn.com)
  • In 2006, two American scientists won the medicine prize eight years after their work was published. (heraldnet.com)

scientists won

  • The scientists won the million-dollar prize not for sudden breakthroughs but for decades of separately conducted yet related basic research. (washingtontimes.com)

honors

  • It was Nobel Prize week, with many of the honors going to scientists at American universities. (nytimes.com)

awards

  • Eventually, different kinds of incentives, including prizes and awards, as well as new, salaried academic positions, became more common and the favor of particular wealthy patrons diminished in importance. (electrochem.org)

Assembly

  • Ralf Pettersson, chairman of the Nobel Assembly, told Reuters that Dr. Carlsson's work relieved the suffering of millions. (washingtontimes.com)

Edwards

  • The work by Edwards and Steptoe stirred a 'lively ethical debate,' the Nobel citation said, with the Vatican, other religious leaders and some scientists demanding the project be stopped. (foxnews.com)

Hitler

  • Dr. Kandel, a Jew, noted that he came to the United States in 1939 'at the request of Adolf Hitler,' and he described his reaction to winning the prize as ranging from 'disbelief to euphoria. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Hitler, of course, was not considered for the prize. (wtvr.com)

research

  • The Nobel committees typically reward research done more than a decade before, to make sure it has stood the test of time. (heraldnet.com)
  • I hope that the prize will encourage more research that is beneficial to the world and humankind, promote Chinese culture and make the world a better place," Lin said, the BBC reported . (ibtimes.com)
  • Lin said the Tang Prize aims to highlight research in areas not covered by the Nobel Prize. (ibtimes.com)

million

  • The 10 million kronor ($1.5 million) Nobel Prizes are handed out every year on Dec. 10, the anniversary of award founder Alfred Nobel's death in 1896. (france24.com)
  • Taiwanese billionaire business mogul Samuel Lin has put up over $100 million of his personal fortune to establish a grant foundation that will award what are being referred to as the "Asian Nobel prizes. (ibtimes.com)
  • The Tang Prize Foundation will offer prizes, ranging from $1.36 million to $10 million, in the areas of sustainable development, biopharmaceutical science, China studies and "rule of law. (ibtimes.com)
  • Fire, 47, shares the honor and $1.4 million Swedish prize with Craig Mello, 45, of the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, Mass. (fogcityjournal.com)

week

  • In Malala Yousufzai's home town in Pakistan, schoolfriends hope to see her win the Nobel Peace Prize this week. (medindia.net)

winner

  • Mr. Greengard is the second Roosevelt University Nobel Prize winner in two years and the 21st in the university's 99-year history. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The oldest winner is Joseph Rotblat, who was age 87 when he was awarded the Prize in 1995. (wtvr.com)

literature

  • Canadian short-story writer Alice Munro has been awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. (wsj.com)
  • Winston Churchill was nominated after World War II for both the peace and literature prizes and received the latter for his inspired oratories in the cause of human dignity. (wtvr.com)

comment

  • There was no immediate comment from the Vatican's top bioethics officials Monday to word of the Nobel. (foxnews.com)

science

  • Before the prize, it was the gift that reigned in science . (electrochem.org)

peace

  • What makes the announcement even more significant is that an Indian and Pakistani have shared the Nobel Peace for the first time. (medindia.net)
  • The struggle against suppression and for the rights of children and adolescents contributes to the realization of the "fraternity between nations" that Alfred Nobel mentions in his will as one of the criteria for the Nobel Peace Prize," it added. (medindia.net)
  • Despite the Japanese government controversially expanding the scope of the military, campaigners hope that the country will be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. (medindia.net)

International

  • In this way, the Tang Prize will gradually acquire international credibility. (ibtimes.com)

years old

  • While the Nobel Prizes are 115 years old, rewards for scientific achievement have been around much longer. (electrochem.org)

Times

  • Well-known organizations honored with the prize are the Quakers, UNICEF, UNHCR, Doctors Without Borders and the Red Cross, which the Norwegians picked three times. (wtvr.com)

Foundation

  • The Nobel Foundation said they had been unable to reach her and had left a message on her phone. (wsj.com)

receive

  • Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin was nominated, but did not receive the prize, for his efforts to put an end to World War II. (wtvr.com)

ahead

  • But if you can organize a Nobel, please go ahead,' he joked. (foxnews.com)