Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Hospitals, Teaching: Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Poliovirus Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Onchocerciasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)
iAH Interface de pesquisa 2.4 - Resultado da pesquisa |p gina 1|Seroprevalence of Brucella abortus and B. canis in household dogs in southwestern Nigeria: a preliminary report. J. S. Afr. Vet ...
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Jebba | Nigeria | Britannica.com... western Nigeria. It lies on the south bank and at the natural head of navigation of the Niger River, 550 miles (885 km) from ... in Nigeria. Geographical and historical treatment of Nigeria, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, ... Jebba, town, Kwara state, western Nigeria. It lies on the south bank and at the natural head of navigation of the Niger River, ... From precolonial times to the early 21st century, the role and status of women in Nigeria have continuously evolved. However, ...
Amazigo, U.O. and Chime, A.B. (1990) Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Rural and Urban Populations of Eastern Nigeria: Prevalence...Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Rural and Urban Populations of Eastern Nigeria: Prevalence of Serological Markers. East African ... TITLE: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Serological Patterns in Benue State, Nigeria. AUTHORS: Emmanuel Msugh Mbaawuaga, Christian ... Amazigo, U.O. and Chime, A.B. (1990) Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Rural and Urban Populations of Eastern Nigeria: Prevalence ...
Local government area - WikipediaNigeria (Local government area della Nigeria) Gambia (Local government area del Gambia) Papua Nuova Guinea (Local level ...
Maternal mortality in northern Nigeria: findings of a health and demographic surveillance system in Zamfara State, Nigeria.... in the Zamfara State of northern Nigeria. Data from the Nahuche Health and Demographic Surveillance System were utilized ... in the Zamfara State of northern Nigeria. Data from the Nahuche Health and Demographic Surveillance System were utilized using ...
Adolescent Youth-Friendly Health Services in Rivers State - Medical Women's Association of Nigeria, Rivers State BranchMedical Women's Association of Nigeria. ("Healing with the love of a Mother"). Every Woman's Center, Lane 1 Block 3, Flat 3,. ... communities in Rivers State, Nigeria.. Project Objectives:. The objectives of this two-year project were to:. 1. Reposition PHC ... The Medical Women's Association of Nigeria (MWAN), Rivers State Branch, was established in 1985. It is a branch of the Medical ... Report of the Medical Women's Association of Nigeria (MWAN), Rivers State Week 2016, held in Port Harcourt, Rivers State from ...
Prescription pattern and prevalence of potentially inappropriate medic | TCRMPolypharmacy and prescription of potentially inappropriate medications are major therapeutic issues in Nigeria. There is a need ... Nigeria; 2Department of Family Medicine, 3Department of Internal Medicine, 4Pharmacy Department, Federal Medical Centre, Ido- ... 1Department of Medical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria; 2Department of Family ... Ethical issues in kidney transplantation - reflections from Nigeria Joseph Olusesan Fadare, Babatunde L Salako ...
Declaration of Chiapas in REDDellion: Enough of REDD+ and the Green Economy! | WRM in EnglishPlease take action: Stop the destruction of the Ekuri people's ancestral rainforest in Nigeria ... and Cross River State in Nigeria. This group is hoping to advance, by way of this shadow mechanism, the privatization of Mother ...
Amnesty and the Niger Delta - Vanguard NewsA history of the Niger Delta reveals the nonchalant attitude of Nigeria towards the developmental needs of the region. It is ... Milton Friedman must have had the Federal Government of Nigeria in mind when he penned the above words. Just like Obafem... ... A Nigerian newspaper and Online version of the Vanguard, a daily publication in Nigeria covering Niger delta, general national ...
A large seroprevalence survey of brucellosis in cattle herds under diverse production systems in northern Nigeria | SpringerLinkNigeria: University of Ibadan, Nigeria, Department of Public Health; 1995.Google Scholar ... Many of the studies conducted on brucellosis in Nigeria have been from the humid southern part [15, 16, 17, 18] and were mainly ... Esuruoso GO: Brucellosis in Nigeria. Vet Rec. 1974, 95: 54-58. 10.1136/vr.95.3.54.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... 64] and Soomro . A prevalence of 25% in lactating cows was recently reported in Nigeria by Junaidu et al.  and 80.7% in ...
Prevalence of bovine genital campylobacteriosis and trichomonosis of bulls in northern Nigeria | Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica ...Map of Nigeria showing the three states, 18 local government areas and 89 wards sampled in northern Nigeria. ... Infections bovine abortion in northern Nigeria. 1974, Zaria, Nigeria: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Ahmadu Bello University ... the prevalence and impact of this disease in Nigeria is largely unknown. The only studies conducted on T. foetus in Nigeria ... Akinboade OA: Incidence of bovine trichomoniasis in Nigeria. Rev Elev Med Vet Pays trop. 1980, 33: 381-384.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Oyo refuse disposal truck crushes Poly Student, Okada rider to death in Ibadan - Nigeria Politics OnlineApparently, Nigeria is misleading itself to be discussing illusory Unity when the issue of the conti... 3 months ago ... However, Nigeria Politics Online also gathered that the deceased, name withheld, was an HND2 from Accountancy department of the ... Copyright 2015 Nigeria Politics Online / All rights reserved Site developed by BBTCONCEPT ... Dogara DSS Edo EFCC Fayose FG Gambia INEC IPOB Jonathan Lagos Lagos state Lai Mohammed Magu Maiduguri Muhammadu Buhari Nigeria ...
What Are The Major Problems With Primary Health Care In Nigeria? - Health - NigeriaRe: What Are The Major Problems With Primary Health Care In Nigeria? by Nobody: 6:13pm On Jun 30, 2010 Lady Dee:. LMAO!. I had ... Re: What Are The Major Problems With Primary Health Care In Nigeria? by tolutara: 4:02pm On Jun 30, 2010 RRRAAA:. Hi all, I ... Re: What Are The Major Problems With Primary Health Care In Nigeria? by LadyDee1(f): 6:11pm On Jun 30, 2010 CarlosVent:. bad ... Re: What Are The Major Problems With Primary Health Care In Nigeria? by kobikwelu(m): 10:55pm On Jun 30, 2010 simple as A B C. ...
Best Polytechnic In Nigeria - Education - NigeriaBest Polytechnic In Nigeria by chukwukadi(m): 1:15pm On Sep 03, 2008 which is d best polytechnic in nigeria? fed poly ado ekiti ... Re: Best Polytechnic In Nigeria by trakos(m): 1:59pm On Sep 06, 2008 njazra:. All Polytechnic in Nigeria are very nice but when ... Re: Best Polytechnic In Nigeria by fataiiyo(m): 9:56am On Sep 04, 2008 chukwukadi:. which is d best polytechnic in nigeria? fed ... Re: Best Polytechnic In Nigeria by Jarus(m): 11:36am On Sep 06, 2008 I don't know much about Polytechnics in Nigeria, but I ...
Sex Scandals Rock Ebonyi State University - Education - NigeriaNigeria is completely finished. 17 Likes Re: Sex Scandals Rock Ebonyi State University by Evablizin(f): 8:40pm On Sep 11. Glory ...
Otache A E1, Omotowo I Babatunde1 and Chukwu J N2 | 1University of Nigeria, Nigeria 2German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief...Nigeria 2German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association, Nigeria is a speaker at Infectious Diseases 2016 conference ... Omotowo I Babatunde1 and Chukwu J N2 from 1University of Nigeria, ... 1University of Nigeria, Nigeria. 2German Leprosy and Tuberculosis Relief Association, Nigeria Title: Leprosy and medical ... Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among medical officers and interns in University of Nigeria teaching Hospital ...
Nigeria Among Three Nations Still Plagued By Polio - Ogunbadejo - allAfrica.comAdewale Ogunbadejo, says Nigeria remains one of the three countries still plagued by polio, the others being Afghanistan and ... Nigeria. Nigeria: Army Denies Declaring Biafra Group Terrorist Organisation. Nigeria: 7 Years After - Senator Sani Asks Buhari ... Nigeria: "If Buhari Had Not Come to Power We Wouldn't Have ... ". *Nigeria: Pandemonium At S-Court As CJN Swears-in 29 New SANs ... Nigeria: Buhari Makes Case for Refund of Looted Funds At UN. *Nigeria: Nwoye Lauds APC, Buhari for Standing By Truth, Says ...
Assessment of Physicochemical Parameters of Soils from Selected Abattoirs in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria | Open Access...Nigeria. Tel: 08038984391;. E-mail: [email protected]. Received date: April 12, 2017; Accepted date: April 20, 2017; Published ... J Chem Soc Nigeria 36: 112-119. *Walkey A, Black AI (1934) An examination of the Detjareff method for determining soil organic ... Foladave, Nigeria Limited.. *Loganathan P (1984) Laboratory manual of soil and plant analysis. Rivers State University of ... Assessment of Physicochemical Parameters of Soils from Selected Abattoirs in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Edori OS1* ...
Adewole to VVF victims: No more leaking of urine - Vanguard NewsMilton Friedman must have had the Federal Government of Nigeria in mind when he penned the above words. Just like Obafem... ... In the western part of Nigeria, cases of obstetric fistula are usually from the havoc caused by Traditional Birth Attendants, ... A Nigerian newspaper and Online version of the Vanguard, a daily publication in Nigeria covering Niger delta, general national ... is determined to eradicate obstetric fistula in Nigeria within the next 10 years. ...
Alarming shortage of health personnel in conflict-affected Nigeria | UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund... a nurse and midwife who came out of retirement to care for women and girls affected by the conflict in north-eastern Nigeria. ... Nigeria - Retired but not tired. This is how people describe Hauwa Lassa, ... Women in Nigeria already face one of the highest maternal death rates in the world - a woman dies of pregnancy-related causes ... Inicio Noticias Alarming shortage of health personnel in conflict-affected Nigeria. Noticias ...
Mercy Corps: Starvation And Dire Unmet Needs Revealed As Boko Haram Loses Ground In NigeriaStarvation And Dire Unmet Needs Revealed As Boko Haram Loses Ground In Nigeria. 'Worst... ... ABUJA, Nigeria, Aug. 1, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- As aid organizations in northeast Nigeria gain access to areas ... Mercy Corps has been working in Nigeria since 2012 both to address urgent humanitarian needs and implement long-term solutions ... Mercy Corps: Starvation And Dire Unmet Needs Revealed As Boko Haram Loses Ground In Nigeria "Worst humanitarian crisis in 20 ...
Nigeria - OECDAEO 2007 - Nigeria country study. NIGERIA CONTINUES TO MAKE PROGRESS on its far reaching economic reform programme, the ... African Economic Outlook 2002/03 - Country Studies: Nigeria. Country Study of Nigeria ...
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Nigerian Ports Authority: The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) is a federal government agency that governs and operates the ports of Nigeria. The major ports controlled by the NPA include: the Lagos Port Complex and Tin Can Island Port in Lagos; Calabar Port, Delta Port, Rivers Port at Port Harcourt, and Onne Port.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Roll Back Malaria Partnership: The Roll Back Malaria Partnership (RBM Partnership) is the global framework for coordinated action against malaria. It forges consensus among key actors in malaria control, harmonises action and mobilises resources to fight malaria in endemic countries.OnchocerciasisPoliomyelitis
(1/2763) Pathogenesis of cancrum oris (noma): confounding interactions of malnutrition with infection.
This study showed that impoverished Nigerian children at risk for cancrum oris (noma) had significantly reduced plasma concentrations of zinc (< 10.8 micromol/L), retinol (< 1.05 micromol/L), ascorbate (< 11 micromol/L), and the essential amino acids, with prominently increased plasma and saliva levels of free cortisol, compared with their healthy counterparts. The nutrient deficiencies, in concert with previously reported widespread viral infections (measles, herpesviruses) in the children, would impair oral mucosal immunity. We postulate, subject to additional studies, that evolution of the oral mucosal ulcers including acute necrotizing gingivitis to noma is triggered by a consortium of microorganisms of which Fusobacterium necrophorum is a key component. Fusobacterium necrophorum elaborates several dermonecrotic toxic metabolites and is acquired by the impoverished children via fecal contamination resulting from shared residential facilities with animals and very poor environmental sanitation. (+info)
(2/2763) Maximum-likelihood generalized heritability estimate for blood pressure in Nigerian families.
Elevated blood pressure (BP) is more common in relatives of hypertensives than in relatives of normotensives, indicating familial resemblance of the BP phenotypes. Most published studies have been conducted in westernized societies. To assess the ability to generalize these estimates, we examined familial patterns of BP in a population-based sample of 510 nuclear families, including 1552 individuals (320 fathers, 370 mothers, 475 sons, and 387 daughters) from Ibadan, Nigeria. The prevalence of obesity in this community is low (body mass index: fathers, 21.6; mothers, 23.6; sons, 19.2; and daughters=21.0 kg/m2). The BP phenotype used in all analyses was created from the best regression model by standardizing the age-adjusted systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) to 0 mean and unit variance. Heritability was estimated by use of the computer program SEGPATH from the most parsimonious model of "no spouse and neither gender nor generation difference" as 45% for SBP and 43% for DBP. The lack of a significant spouse correlation is consistent with little or no influence of the common familial environment. However, the heritability estimate of <50% for both SBP and DBPs reinforces the importance of the nonshared environmental effect. (+info)
(3/2763) A management information system for nurse/midwives.
The experiences of nurse/midwives with a simple management information system in the private sector are reported from four facilities in Nigeria. When such a system is being introduced, special attention should be given to strengthening the ability of health workers to record and collate data satisfactorily. (+info)
(4/2763) Gonococcal urethral stricture and watering-can perineum.
A total of sixteen patients with urethral stricture and/or perineal urinary fistulae (water-can perineum) complicating gonorrhoea were seen at the Special Treatment Clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. The patients were aged between 25 and 80 years, and the latent period between the time of original attack of gonococcal infection and the development of complications varied from 4 to 50 years. The rate of divorce or marital separation is high among these patients with late sequelae of gonorrhoea. The factors responsible for the present higher incidence of early and late complications of gonorrhoea among patients in Nigeria and other tropical countries compared with their counterparts in Europe and North American include: (a) Lack of medical facilities in most rural areas; (b) Inadequate treatment of veneral diseases, including the urban areas where self-medication is practised on a large scale by the general population; (c) Illiteracy and ignorance of venereal diseases. The cases of watering-can perineum reported here, and the subsequent chronic pyelonephritis and hypertension, reinforce the plea for early and energetic treatment of acute gonorrhoea in Africa as well as large-scale control measures by the health authorities. (+info)
(5/2763) Donor funding for health reform in Africa: is non-project assistance the right prescription?
During the past 10 years, donors have recognized the need for major reforms to achieve sustainable development. Using non-project assistance they have attempted to leverage reforms by offering financing conditioned on the enactment of reform. The experience of USAID's health reform programmes in Niger and Nigeria suggest these programmes have proved more difficult to implement than expected. When a country has in place a high level of fiscal accountability and high institutional capacity, programmes of conditioned non-project assistance may be more effective in achieving reforms than traditional project assistance. However, when these elements are lacking, as they were in Niger, non-project assistance offers nothing inherently superior than traditional project assistance. Non-project assistance may be most effective for assisting the implementation of policy reforms adopted by the host government. (+info)
(6/2763) Sales practices of patent medicine sellers in Nigeria.
A survey was carried out among patent medicine dealers to evaluate their practices that militate against laws governing prescriptions-only medicines in Nigeria. Questionnaires were distributed to 46 patent medicine dealers and later collected from them on appointment. Analysis of the results showed that all the patent medicine dealers were aware of the law governing the sale of prescription drugs in Nigeria. Seventy-five per cent of them stock such drugs. Patent medicine dealers obtain their drugs largely from sales representative of pharmaceutical companies as well as from industries. Inappropriate use of sales boys and girls in patent medicine stores and defective government policies were all investigated. (+info)
(7/2763) Maintaining compliance to ivermectin in communities in two West African countries.
We have investigated various aspects related to managing wide-scale ivermectin distribution schemes within randomized controlled trials in communities where onchocerciasis is endemic. Multiple logistic regression analysis of determinants of compliance to five doses of ivermectin in 589 people in Sierra Leone showed independent significant associations with leopard skin depigmentation, the severity of side effects of treatment, fulfilling the exclusion criteria for treatment, and long-term residence in the community. These results are useful for tailoring health promotion messages in Sierra Leone, but the associations may differ in other West African societies. In Nigeria 1847 people were interviewed about various subjective responses, including itching. None of these showed clear improvement after three years of ivermectin treatment. Positive comments about treatment were generally non-specific and similar in the placebo and ivermectin groups. Negative comments were usually related to adverse reactions, especially itching and rash, and were more common after ivermectin. The lack of any benefit attributable to ivermectin that is discernible to its recipients may make it difficult to maintain the high compliance rates needed for long periods if mass dosing programmes are to have a lasting impact on onchocerciasis. In addition, no consistent effects of ivermectin were found by measuring visual acuity, height, weight or haematocrit in comparison with placebo. This may indicate that evidence of clinical impact is very slow to develop and is hard to measure using simple objective methods after only three doses of treatment. At present it seems that parasitological, entomological and detailed ophthalmological or dermatological methods are required to demonstrate the impact of ivermectin treatment in the medium-term. (+info)
(8/2763) Monitoring community response to malaria control using insecticide-impregnated bed nets, curtains and residual spray at Nsukka, Nigeria.
A project testing the efficacy of insecticide (permethrin)-impregnated bed nets, compared with impregnated door and window curtains, residual house spraying, and a control group was implemented in 12 village clusters in the Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria, using epidemiologic and entomologic indicators. The appropriate materials and services were given free to all families. During the first year of study, three monitoring exercises were carried out in a random selection of homes where children under 5 years of age resided. Information was collected on perceived effectiveness of the interventions, condition of nets and curtains, reasons for not sleeping under nets, and recall of steps required in caring for nets and curtains. Bed nets were perceived as more effective in reducing mosquito bites compared with the two other interventions. At the last monitoring period, which occurred a few weeks before a re-impregnation exercise, respondents also perceived bed nets to be most effective in preventing malaria. These findings coincided with epidemiologic evidence. Curtains, especially those at doors, were more likely to be torn and dirty than bed nets. Although holes would not reduce the effectiveness of the insecticide, they could reduce the 'beauty' of the curtains, a perceived benefit that initially attracted villagers to both curtains and nets. Bed net owners reported significantly less frequent use of other mosquito control measures in their homes than did members of the other groups. Finally, bed net users demonstrated increased knowledge of use and care steps than did those with curtains. These findings suggested a high level of social acceptability of bed nets, and point to the need to test their acceptability further under conditions where people would pay for nets and communities would manage distribution and re-impregnation systems. (+info)
- Bovine genital campylobacteriosis is prevalent particularly in the pastoral management system in northern Nigeria, with C. f. venerealis biovar intermedius as the major aetiology. (biomedcentral.com)
- This study was carried out to investigate the status of brucellosis in cattle under various management systems in Adamawa, Kaduna and Kano states, northern Nigeria. (springer.com)
- This is the first large study to assess the prevalence of bovine brucellosis over a wide geographic area of northern Nigeria, in a variety of management systems and using accurate tests. (springer.com)
- The seroprevalence of brucellosis was high, and higher than results of previous studies in northern Nigeria. (springer.com)
- A survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of campylobacteriosis and trichomonosis, and their concurrence with brucellosis, in cattle in three states of northern Nigeria. (biomedcentral.com)
- Amazigo, U.O. and Chime, A.B. (1990) Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Rural and Urban Populations of Eastern Nigeria: Prevalence of Serological Markers. (scirp.org)
- however, the prevalence of this isolate has not been studied in Nigeria. (biomedcentral.com)
- Since the reproductive performance of these carrier animals is unaffected, they are retained in herds in Nigeria despite the presence of pathognomonic clinical signs in some cases, making effective control programmes extremely difficult. (springer.com)
- Polypharmacy and prescription of potentially inappropriate medications are major therapeutic issues in Nigeria. (dovepress.com)